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Peter Barker [49]P. Barker [7]Philip J. Barker [4]Phil Barker [3]
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  1.  63
    Larry Laudan, Arthur Donovan, Rachel Laudan, Peter Barker, Harold Brown, Jarrett Leplin, Paul Thagard & Steve Wykstra (1986). Scientific Change: Philosophical Models and Historical Research. Synthese 69 (2):141 - 223.
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  2.  21
    Peter Barker, Xiang Chen & Hanne Andersen (2003). Kuhn on Concepts and Categorization. In Thomas Nickles (ed.), Thomas Kuhn. Cambridge University Press 212--245.
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  3. Hanne Andersen, Peter Barker & Xiang Chen (1996). Kuhn's Mature Philosophy of Science and Cognitive Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 9 (3):347 – 363.
    Drawing on the results of modem psychology and cognitive science we suggest that the traditional theory of concepts is no longer tenable, and that the alternative account proposed by Kuhn may now be seen to have independent empirical support quite apart from its success as part of an account of scientific change. We suggest that these mechanisms can also be understood as special cases of general cognitive structures revealed by cognitive science. Against this background, incommensurability is not an insurmountable obstacle (...)
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  4.  66
    H. Andersen, P. Barker & X. Chen (1998). Kuhn's Theory of Scientific Revolutions and Cognitive Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 11 (1):5-28.
    In a previous article we have shown that Kuhn's theory of concepts is independently supported by recent research in cognitive psychology. In this paper we propose a cognitive re?reading of Kuhn's cyclical model of scientific revolutions: all of the important features of the model may now be seen as consequences of a more fundamental account of the nature of concepts and their dynamics. We begin by examining incommensurability, the central theme of Kuhn's theory of scientific revolutions, according to two different (...)
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  5. Xiang Chen & Peter Barker (2000). Continuity Through Revolutions: A Frame-Based Account of Conceptual Change During Scientific Revolutions. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):223.
    In this paper we examine the pattern of conceptual change during scientific revolutions by using methods from cognitive psychology. We show that the changes characteristic of scientific revolutions, especially taxonomic changes, can occur in a continuous manner. Using the frame model of concept representation to capture structural relations within concepts and the direct links between concept and taxonomy, we develop an account of conceptual change in science that more adequately reflects the current understanding that episodes like the Copernican revolution are (...)
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  6.  50
    Peter Barker (2001). Incommensurability and Conceptual Change During the Copernican Revolution. In Paul Hoyningen-Huene & Howard Sankey (eds.), Incommensurability and Related Matters. Kluwer 241--273.
  7.  34
    Peter Barker & Bernard R. Goldstein (1998). Realism and Instrumentalism in Sixteenth Century Astronomy: A Reappraisal. Perspectives on Science 6 (3):232-258.
    : We question the claim, common since Duhem, that sixteenth century astronomy, and especially the Wittenberg interpretation of Copernicus, was instrumentalistic rather than realistic. We identify a previously unrecognized Wittenberg astronomer, Edo Hildericus (Hilderich von Varel), who presents a detailed exposition of Copernicus's cosmology that is incompatible with instrumentalism. Quotations from other sixteenth century astronomers show that knowledge of the real configuration of the heavens was unattainable practically, rather than in principle. Astronomy was limited to quia demonstrations, although demonstration propter (...)
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  8.  35
    Peter Barker (2011). The Cognitive Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Erkenntnis 75 (3):445-465.
    For historical epistemology to succeed, it must adopt a defensible set of categories to characterise scientific activity over time. In historically orientated philosophy of science during the twentieth century, the original categories of theory and observation were supplemented or replaced by categories like paradigm, research program and research tradition. Underlying all three proposals was talk about conceptual systems and conceptual structures, attributed to individual scientists or to research communities, however there has been little general agreement on the nature of these (...)
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  9. Peter Barker (2001). Kuhn, Incommensurability, and Cognitive Science. Perspectives on Science 9 (4):433-462.
    : This paper continues my application of theories of concepts developed in cognitive psychology to clarify issues in Kuhn's mature account of scientific change. I argue that incommensurability is typically neither global nor total, and that the corresponding form of scientific change occurs incrementally. Incommensurability can now be seen as a local phenomenon restricted to particular points in a conceptual framework represented by a set of nodes. The unaffected parts in the framework constitute the basis for continued communication between the (...)
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  10.  4
    Peter Barker & Bernard R. Goldstein (1994). Distance and Velocity in Kepler's Astronomy. Annals of Science 51 (1):59-73.
    We will examine Kepler's use of a relation between velocity and distance from a centre of circular motion. This relation plays an essential role, through a derivation in chapter 40 of the Astronomia Nova, in the presentation of the Area Law of planetary motion. Kepler transcends ancient and contemporary applications of the distance-velocity relation by connecting it with his metaphysical commitment to the causal role of the Sun. His second main innovation is to replace the astronomical models of (...)
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  11. Xiang Chen, Hanne Andersen & Peter Barker (1998). Kuhn's Theory of Scientific Revolutions and Cognitive Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 11 (1):5 – 28.
    In a previous article we have shown that Kuhn's theory of concepts is independently supported by recent research in cognitive psychology. In this paper we propose a cognitive re-reading of Kuhn's cyclical model of scientific revolutions: all of the important features of the model may now be seen as consequences of a more fundamental account of the nature of concepts and their dynamics. We begin by examining incommensurability, the central theme of Kuhn's theory of scientific revolutions, according (...)
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  12.  26
    P. Barker & P. Buchanan-Barker (2012). First, Do No Harm: Confronting the Myths of Psychiatric Drugs. Nursing Ethics 19 (4):451-463.
    The enduring psychiatric myth is that particular personal, interpersonal and social problems in living are manifestations of ‘mental illness’ or ‘mental disease’, which can only be addressed by ‘treatment’ with psychiatric drugs. Psychiatric drugs are used only to control ‘patient’ behaviour and do not ‘treat’ any specific pathology in the sense understood by physical medicine. Evidence that people, diagnosed with ‘serious’ forms of ‘mental illness’ can ‘recover’, without psychiatric drugs, has been marginalized by drug-focused research, much of this funded by (...)
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  13.  75
    Philip J. Barker (2005). The Tidal Model: A Guide for Mental Health Professionals. Brunner-Routledge.
    The Tidal Model represents a significant alternative to mainstream mental health theories, emphasizing how those suffering from mental health problems can benefit from taking a more active role in their own treatment. Based on extensive research, The Tidal Model charts the development of this approach, outlining the theoretical basis of the model to illustrate the benefits of a holistic model of care which promotes self-management and recovery. Clinical examples are also employed to show how, by exploring rather than ignoring a (...)
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  14.  26
    Peter Barker & Bernard R. Goldstein (1988). The Role of Comets in the Copernican Revolution. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 19 (3):299-319.
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  15.  34
    Peter Barker (2002). Constructing Copernicus. Perspectives on Science 10 (2):208-227.
    : This paper offers my current view of a joint research project, with Bernard R. Goldstein, that examines Kepler's unification of physics and astronomy. As an organizing theme, I describe the extent to which the work of Kepler led to the appearance of the form of Copernicanism that we accept today. In the half century before Kepler's career began, the understanding of Copernicus and his work was significantly different from the modern one. In successive sections I consider the modern conception (...)
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  16.  28
    Peter Barker (1980). Hertz and Wittgenstein. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 11 (3):243-256.
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  17.  2
    Bernard Goldstein & Peter Barker (1995). The Role of Rothmann in the Dissolution of the Celestial Spheres. British Journal for the History of Science 28 (4):385-403.
    At the end of the sixteenth century astronomers and others felt compelled to choose among different cosmologies. For Tycho Brahe, who played a central role in these debates, the intersection of the spheres of Mars and the Sun was an outstanding problem that had to be resolved before he made his choice. His ultimate solution was to eliminate celestial spheres in favour of fluid heavens, a crucial step in the abandonment of the Ptolemaic system and the demise of Aristotelian celestial (...)
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  18.  7
    S. Parsons, P. J. Barker & A. E. Armstrong (2001). The Teaching of Health Care Ethics to Students of Nursing in the UK: A Pilot Study. Nursing Ethics 8 (1):45-56.
    Senior lecturers/lecturers in mental health nursing (11 in round one, nine in round two, and eight in the final round) participated in a three-round Delphi study into the teaching of health care ethics (HCE) to students of nursing. The participants were drawn from six (round one) and four (round three) UK universities. Information was gathered on the organization, methods used and content of HCE modules. Questionnaire responses were transcribed and the content analysed for patterns of interest and areas (...)
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  19.  6
    Katherine A. Tredwell & Peter Barker (2007). Copernicus' First Friends: Physical Copernicanism From 1543 to 1610. Filozofski Vestnik 2.
    Between the appearance of Copernicus’ De Revolutionibus in 1543 and the works of Kepler and Galileo that appeared in 1609–10, there were probably no more than a dozen converts to physical heliocentrism. Following Westman we take this list to include Rheticus, Maestlin, Rothmann, Kepler, Bruno, Galileo, Digges, Harriot, de Zúńiga, and Stevin, but we include Gemma Frisius and William Gilbert, and omit Thomas Harriot. In this paper we discuss the reasons this tiny group of true Copernicans give for believing that (...)
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  20.  3
    P. Barker (2000). Working with the Metaphor of Life and Death. Medical Humanities 26 (2):97-102.
    The experience of being human is intangible. As a result, descriptions of human experience rely heavily on metaphor to convey something of that whole lived experience. By contrast, contemporary scientific narratives of the mind emphasise the form of human thought and emotion, over the content of people's experience, where constructive attempts are made to explain the experience of self, through metaphorical allusion. This paper considers the importance of metaphor as a vehicle for expressing and exploring selfhood. Examples from the psychiatric (...)
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  21.  21
    Peter Barker (1990). Copernicus, the Orbs, and the Equant. Synthese 83 (2):317 - 323.
    I argue that Copernicus accepted the reality of celestial spheres on the grounds that the equant problem is unintelligible except as a problem about real spheres. The same considerations point to a number of generally unnoticed liabilities of Copernican astronomy, especially gaps between the spheres, and the failure of some spheres to obey the principle that their natural motion is to rotate. These difficulties may be additional reasons for Copernicus's reluctance to publish, and also stand in the way of strict (...)
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  22. Roger Ariew & Peter Barker (1992). Duhem and Continuity in the History of Science. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 46 (182):323-343.
     
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  23. Peter Barker (2000). The Role of Religion in the Lutheran Response to Copernicus. In Margaret J. Osler (ed.), Rethinking the Scientific Revolution. Cambridge University Press 59--88.
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  24.  11
    Peter Barker (1982). Uncle Ludwig's Book About Science. Philosophical Topics 13 (Supplement):71-78.
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  25.  17
    Patrick Barker (1985). "Frege and Peirce". Semiotics:3-14.
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  26.  18
    Roger Ariew & Peter Barker (1986). Duhem on Maxwell: A Case-Study in the Interrelations of History of Science and Philosophy of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:145 - 156.
    We examine Duhem's critique of Maxwell, especially Duhem's complaints that Maxwell's theory is too bold or not systematic enough, that it is too dependent on models, and that its concepts are not continuous with those of the past. We argue that these complaints are connected by Duhem's historical criterion for the evaluation of physical theories. We briefly compare Duhem's criterion of historical continuity with similar criteria developed by "historicists" like Kuhn and Lakatos. We argue that Duhem's rejection of theoretical pluralism (...)
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  27.  33
    Peter Barker (1980). Can Scientific History Repeat? PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:20 - 28.
    Although Kuhn, Lakatos and Laudan disagree on many points, these three widely accepted accounts of scientific growth do agree on certain key features of scientific revolutions. This minimal agreement is sufficient to place stringent restraints on the historical development of science. In particular it follows from the common features of their accounts that scientific history can never repeat. Using the term 'supertheory' to denote indifferently the large scale historical entitites employed in all three accounts, it is shown that a supertheory (...)
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  28.  4
    Peter Barker (1985). Jean Pena (1528-58) and Stoic Physics in the Sixteenth Century. Southern Journal of Philosophy 23 (S1):93-107.
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  29.  40
    Phil Barker (2001). The Tidal Model: The Lived-Experience in Person-Centred Mental Health Nursing Care. Nursing Philosophy 2 (3):213-223.
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  30.  6
    Xiang Chen & Peter Barker (1992). Cognitive Appraisal and Power: David Brewster, Henry Brougham, and the Tactics of the Emission—Undulatory Controversy During the Early 1850s. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 23 (1):75-101.
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  31.  6
    Peter Barker (1989). The Reflexivity Problem in the Psychology of Science. In Barry Gholson (ed.), Psychology of Science: Contributions to Metascience. Cambridge University Press 92--114.
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  32.  13
    Peter Barker (1989). Kepler's Geometrical Cosmology. Review of Metaphysics 42 (4):826-828.
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  33.  6
    Peter Barker (1998). The World of Rome. The Classical Review 48 (2):417-419.
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  34.  6
    Peter Barker (1984). Jean Pena and Stoic Physics in the 16th Century. Southern Journal of Philosophy 23 (Supplement):93-107.
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  35.  2
    Peter Barker (1994). Reconstructing Scientific Revolutions: Thomas S. Kuhn's Philosophy of Science by Paul Hoyningen-Huene; Alexander J. Levine. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 85:193-195.
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  36. Roger Ariew & Peter Barker (1991). Revolution and Continuity Essays in the History and Philosophy of Early Modern Science.
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  37.  22
    P. Barker & P. Buchanan-Barker (2008). Mental Health in an Age of Celebrity: The Courage to Care. Medical Humanities 34 (2):110-114.
    Modern psychiatry, which once focused only on the containment and “cure” of madness, has evolved into a mental health industry, where almost every aspect of human life, may be cast as a “mental disorder”. In Western countries, a narcissistic appetite for self-improvement and “well-being” has evolved over the past 50 years, mirroring the emergence of the celebrity culture. These developments appear linked to a fading of interest in the traditional concept of human caring, leading to a further marginalisation of people (...)
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  38. Louise Walker, Phil Barker & Pauline Pearson (2000). The Required Role of the Psychiatric- Mental Health Nurse in Primary Health- Care: An Augmented Delphi Study. Nursing Inquiry 7 (2):91-102.
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  39.  10
    Roger Ariew & Peter Barker (1990). Introduction. Synthese 83 (2):179-182.
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  40.  20
    Peter Barker (2002). New Foundations in the History of Astronomy: Four Papers in Honor of Bernard R. Goldstein. Perspectives on Science 10 (2):151-154.
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  41.  7
    Peter Barker, Peter Dear, J. R. Christianson & Robert S. Westman (2014). Why Was Copernicus a Copernican? Metascience 23 (2):203-223.
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  42.  4
    Kathleen Crowther & Peter Barker (2013). Training the Intelligent Eye: Understanding Illustrations in Early Modern Astronomy Texts. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 104:429-470.
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  43.  4
    Peter Barker (2008). Stoic alternatives to Aristotelian cosmology : Pena, Rothmann and Brahe. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 2 (2):265-286.
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  44.  14
    P. Barker (1998). The World of Rome: An Introduction to Roman Culture. P Jones, K Sidwell (Edd.). The Classical Review 48 (2):417-419.
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  45.  2
    Roger Ariew & Peter Barker (1986). Chronology of Eclipses and Comets, A.D. 1-1000 by D. Justin Schove; Alan Fletcher. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 77:347-348.
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  46.  2
    Peter Barker (2008). Bearing the Heavens: Tycho Brahe and the Astronomical Community of the Late Sixteenth Century. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 99:398-399.
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  47.  2
    Peter Barker (1997). Discipline and Experience: The Mathematical Way in the Scientific Revolution by Peter Dear. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 88:122-124.
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  48.  2
    Peter Barker (1984). Philosophy and the New Physics by Jonathan Powers. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 75:391-392.
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  49.  2
    Peter Barker (1999). The Word of God and the Languages of Man: Interpreting Nature in Early Modern Science and Medicine. Volume 1: Ficino to Descartes by James J. Bono. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 90:117-117.
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  50.  6
    Peter Barker (2000). R. Jordan (Ed.): Virgil : Aeneid II . Pp. Xvi + 105, Ills. Bristol: Bristol Classical Press, 1999. Paper, £8.95. ISBN: 1-85399-542-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 50 (01):292-.
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