Search results for 'P. Kuhn' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Steven T. Kuhn (1989). Bull Robert and Segerberg Krister. Basic Modal Logic. Handbook of Philosophical Logic, Volume II, Extensions of Classical Logic, Edited by Gabbay D. And Guenthner F., Synthese Library, Vol. 165, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Boston, and Lancaster, 1984, Pp. 1–88. Burgess John P.. Basic Tense Logic. Handbook of Philosophical Logic, Volume II, Extensions of Classical Logic, Edited by Gabbay D. And Guenthner F., Synthese Library, Vol. 165, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Boston, and ... [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (4):1472-1477.score: 360.0
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  2. Annette Kuhn (2002). Dreaming of Fred and Ginger: Cinema and Cultural Memory. New York University Press.score: 300.0
    "The main spine of this book stems from a comprehensive series of interviews with subjects recalling their experiences of 1930s cinemagoing. Your feel the breath of life in these spectators, a rarity in film studies, thanks to the painstaking work contracting the interview subjects and recording and tabulating their testimony."- JUMPCUT In the 1930s, Britain had the highest annual per capita cinema attendance in the world, far surpassing ballroom dancing as the nation's favorite pastime. It was, as historian A.J.P. Taylor (...)
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  3. P. Kuhn (forthcoming). Ethics of Climate Change Essay Contest. Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics.score: 240.0
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  4. Lisa Krissoff Boehm, Michael Brooks, Patrick W. Carlton, Fran Chadwick, Margaret Smith Crocco, Jennifer Braithwait Darrow, Toby Daspit, Joseph DeFilippo, Susan Douglass, David King Dunaway, Sandy Eades, The Foxfire Fund, Amy S. Green, Ronald J. Grele, M. Gail Hickey, Cliff Kuhn, Erin McCarthy, Marjorie L. McLellan, Susan Moon, Charles Morrissey, John A. Neuenschwander, Rich Nixon, Irma M. Olmedo, Sandy Polishuk, Alessandro Portelli, Kimberly K. Porter, Troy Reeves, Donald A. Ritchie, Marie Scatena, David Sidwell, Ronald Simon, Alan Stein, Debra Sutphen, Kathryn Walbert, Glenn Whitman, John D. Willard & Linda P. Wood (2006). Preparing the Next Generation of Oral Historians: An Anthology of Oral History Education. Altamira Press.score: 240.0
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  5. P. Kuhn & J. Julander (1999). Husbandry and Captive Breeding of the Red Acanthurus Monitor Varanus Acanthurus A Giant Dwarf. Vivarium 10.score: 240.0
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  6. Steven Kuhn (2004). A Simple Embedding of T Into Double S. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 45 (1):13-18.score: 120.0
    The system obtained by adding full propositional quantification to S5 is known to be decidable, while that obtained by doing so for T is known to be recursively intertranslatable with full second-order logic. Recently it was shown that the system with two S5 operators and full propositional quantification is also recursively intertranslatable with second-order logic. This note establishes that the map assigning [1][2]p to \squarep provides a validity and satisfaction preserving translation between the T system and the double S5 system, (...)
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  7. Stefan Reinhart, Lena Schmidt, Caroline Kuhn, A. Rosenthal, T. Schenk, I. Keller & G. Kerkhoff (2012). Limb Activation Ameliorates Body-Related Deficits in Spatial Neglect. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 120.0
    : Many neglect patients show deficits in the mental representation of their contralesional body side or body parts, termed personal neglect. These deficits include impairments in identifying body parts on schematic drawings of human bodies. Limb activation and alertness cues have been shown to modulate neglect transiently, and are effective treatments for several symptoms of the neglect syndrome. Here, we tested on 8 patients with right-hemispheric stroke and left-sided spatial neglect whether these two techniques modulate deficits in the mental representation (...)
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  8. Geoffrey Blumenthal (2013). Kuhn and the Chemical Revolution: A Re-Assessment. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 15 (1):93-101.score: 66.0
    A recent paper by Hoyningen-Huene argues that the Chemical Revolution is an excellent example of the success of Kuhn’s theory. This paper gives a succinct account of some counter-arguments and briefly refers to some further existing counter-arguments. While Kuhn’s theory does have a small number of more or less successful elements, it has been widely recognised that in general Kuhn’s theory is a “preformed and relatively inflexible framework” (1962, p. 24) which does not fit particular historical examples (...)
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  9. K. Brad Wray (2010). Kuhn's Constructionism. Perspectives on Science 18 (3):311-327.score: 54.0
    Given Kuhn's remark that scientists work in different worlds before and after a scientific revolution (1996, p. 111; 2000, p. 221) it is not surprising that he is widely regarded as a social constructionist.1 Indeed, this is one issue about which Kuhn's fans and foes agree. Both the sociologists of science who were inspired by his work and many of his philosophical critics regard Kuhn's view as a form of constructionism. But, this apparent agreement may be to (...)
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  10. Vasso Kindi (2010). Novelty and Revolution in Art and Science: The Connection Between Kuhn and Cavell. Perspectives on Science 18 (3):284-310.score: 54.0
    Both Kuhn and Cavell acknowledge their indebtedness to each other in their respective books of the 60s. Cavell in (Must We Mean What We Say (1969)) and Kuhn in (The Structure of Scientific Revolutions 1962). They were together at Berkeley where they had both moved in 1956 as assistant professors after their first encounter at the Society of Fellows at Harvard (Kuhn 2000d, p. 197). In Berkeley, Cavell and Kuhn discovered a mutual understanding and an intellectual (...)
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  11. Vasso P. Kindi (1995). Kuhn'Sthe Structure of Scientific Revolutions Revisited. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 26 (1):75 - 92.score: 42.0
    The present paper argues that there is an affinity between Kuhn's "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions" and Wittgenstein's philosophy. It is maintained, in particular, that Kuhn's notion of paradigm draws on such Wittgensteinian concepts as language games, family resemblance, rules, forms of life. It is also claimed that Kuhn's incommensurability thesis is a sequel of the theory of meaning supplied by Wittgenstein's later philosophy. As such its assessment is not fallacious, since it is not an empirical hypothesis (...)
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  12. Darrell P. Rowbottom (2011). Kuhn Vs. Popper on Criticism and Dogmatism in Science: A Resolution at the Group Level. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 42 (1):117-124.score: 42.0
    Popper repeatedly emphasised the significance of a critical attitude, and a related critical method, for scientists. Kuhn, however, thought that unquestioning adherence to the theories of the day is proper; at least for ‘normal scientists’. In short, the former thought that dominant theories should be attacked, whereas the latter thought that they should be developed and defended (for the vast majority of the time). -/- Both seem to have missed a trick, however, due to their apparent insistence that each (...)
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  13. H. Andersen, P. Barker & X. Chen (1998). Kuhn's Theory of Scientific Revolutions and Cognitive Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 11 (1):5-28.score: 42.0
    In a previous article we have shown that Kuhn's theory of concepts is independently supported by recent research in cognitive psychology. In this paper we propose a cognitive re?reading of Kuhn's cyclical model of scientific revolutions: all of the important features of the model may now be seen as consequences of a more fundamental account of the nature of concepts and their dynamics. We begin by examining incommensurability, the central theme of Kuhn's theory of scientific revolutions, according (...)
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  14. Darrell P. Rowbottom (2013). Kuhn Vs. Popper on Criticism and Dogmatism in Science, Part II: How to Strike the Balance. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (2):161-168.score: 42.0
    This paper is a supplement to, and provides a proof of principle of, Kuhn vs. Popper on Criticism and Dogmatism in Science: A Resolution at the Group Level. It illustrates how calculations may be performed in order to determine how the balance between different functions in science—such as imaginative, critical, and dogmatic—should be struck, with respect to confirmation (or corroboration) functions and rules of scientific method.
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  15. Richard Martin Pagni (2009). The Origin and Development of the Acidity Function. Foundations of Chemistry 11 (1):43-50.score: 36.0
    The acidity function is a thermodynamic quantitative measure of acid strength for non-aqueous and concentrated aqueous Brønsted acids, with acid strength being defined as the extent to which the acid protonates a base of known basicity. The acidity function, which was developed, both theoretically and experimentally, by Louis P. Hammett of Columbia University during the 1930s, has proven useful in the area of physical organic chemistry where it has been used to correlate rates of acid-catalyzed reactions and to quantitate the (...)
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  16. Yvon Gauthier (1985). Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science Ian Hacking Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983. 287 P. [REVIEW] Dialogue 24 (01):162-.score: 36.0
    This is a lively and clearly written introduction to the philosophy of natural science, organized around the central theme of scientific realism. It has two parts. 'Representing' deals with the different philosophical accounts of scientific objectivity and the reality of scientific entities. The views of Kuhn, Feyerabend, Lakatos, Putnam, van Fraassen, and others, are all considered. 'Intervening' presents the first sustained treatment of experimental science for many years and uses it to give a new direction to debates about realism. (...)
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  17. Philip P. Wiener (1958). Book Review:The Copernican Revolution: Planetary Astronomy in the Development of Western Thought Thomas S. Kuhn. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 25 (4):297-.score: 36.0
  18. George P. Klubertanz (1971). "Trattato di Morale Generale," Vols. 1 & 2, by René Le Senne, Trans. Gianfranco Morra; "Socrate: Indagini sull'Origine Della Metafisica," by Helmut Kuhn, Trans. Armando Rigobello; and "Nuove Prospettiva in Microfisica," by Louis De Broglie, Trans. Filippo Selvaggi, S.J. [REVIEW] Modern Schoolman 48 (2):211-211.score: 36.0
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  19. David Mercer, Jerry Ravetz, Stephen P. Turner & Steve Fuller (2005). A Parting Shot at Misunderstanding: Fuller Vs. Kuhn. [REVIEW] Metascience 14 (1):3-152.score: 36.0
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  20. Tim Crane (1992). The Nonconceptual Content of Experience. In , The Contents of Experience. Cambridge University Press.score: 24.0
    Some have claimed that people with very different beliefs literally see the world differently. Thus Thomas Kuhn: ‘what a man sees depends both upon what he looks at and also upon what his previous visual—conceptual experience has taught him to see’ (Kuhn 1970, p. ll3). This view — call it ‘Perceptual Relativism’ — entails that a scientist and a child may look at a cathode ray tube and, in a sense, the first will see it while the second (...)
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  21. Maria Caamaño (2009). A Structural Analysis of the Phlogiston Case. Erkenntnis 70 (3):331 - 364.score: 24.0
    The incommensurability thesis, as introduced by T.S. Kuhn and P.K. Feyerabend, states that incommensurable theories are conceptually incompatible theories which share a common domain of application. Such claim has often been regarded as incoherent, since it has been understood that the determination of a common domain of application at least requires a certain degree of conceptual compatibility between the theories. The purpose of this work is to contribute to the defense of the notion of local or gradual incommensurability, as (...)
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  22. Michael P. Wolf (2007). Reference and Incommensurability: What Rigid Designation Won't Get You. [REVIEW] Acta Analytica 22 (3):207-222.score: 24.0
    Causal theories of reference in the philosophy of language and philosophy of science have suggested that it could resolve lingering worries about incommensurability between theoretical claims in different paradigms, to borrow Kuhn’s terms. If we co-refer throughout different paradigms, then the problems of incommensurability are greatly diminished, according to causal theorists. I argue that assuring ourselves of that sort of constancy of reference will require comparable sorts of cross-paradigm affinities, and thus provides us with no special relief on this (...)
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  23. Colin McLarty (2008). Review of S. Duffy, Virtual Mathematics: The Logic of Difference. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (2):332-336.score: 24.0
    This book is important for philosophy of mathematics and for the study of French philosophy. French philosophers are more concerned than most Anglo-American with mathematical practice outside of foundations. This contradicts the fashionable claim that French intellectuals get science all wrong and we return below to a germane example from Sokal and Bricmont [1999]. The emphasis on practice goes back to mid-20th century French historians of science including those Kuhn cites as sources for his orientation in philosophy of science (...)
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  24. Alexander Rueger (1996). Risk and Diversification in Theory Choice. Synthese 109 (2):263 - 280.score: 24.0
    How can it be rational to work on a new theory that does not yet meet the standards for good or acceptable theories? If diversity of approaches is a condition for scientific progress, how can a scientific community achieve such progress when each member does what it is rational to do, namely work on the best theory? These two methodological problems, the problem of pursuit and the problem of diversity, can be solved by taking into account the cognitive risk that (...)
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  25. Niklas Juth, Åsa Nilsonne & Niels Lynöe (2013). Are Interpretations of Other People's Arguments Value-Impregnated? A Pilot Study Among Medical Students. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (3):601-603.score: 24.0
    Analogously to Kuhn’s and Hanson’s understanding of observation as theory-impregnated, we try to test the hypothesis that observation and interpretation might also be value-impregnated. We use a written examination task for medical students who were asked to read and interpret a text where the authors provide arguments pro et contra euthanasia. Afterwards the students were asked to provide their own reflected opinion on the issue. We found that medical students who were against and indecisive provided interpretations of the text (...)
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  26. Stephan Hartmann (1995). Über die heuristische Funktion des Korrespondenzprinzips. In Jürgen Mittelstrass (ed.), Die Zunkunft des Wissens. Universitätsverlag Konstanz.score: 24.0
    Die Frage nach dem Verhältnis aufeinanderfolgender Theorien rückte spätestens mit der Publikation von T. S. Kuhns einflußreicher Schrift Die Struktur wissenschaftlicher Revolutionen im Jahre 1961 in den Brennpunkt wissenschaftsphilosophischer Untersuchungen. Dabei gibt es im wesentlichen zwei große Lager. Auf der einen Seite stehen Philosophen wie P. Feyerabend und T. S. Kuhn selbst, die den Aspekt der Diskontinuität...
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  27. Dietrich Böhler (1972). Paradigmawechsel in Analytischer Wissenschaftstheorie? Journal for General Philosophy of Science 3 (2):219-242.score: 24.0
    Summary It is argued that the „pragmatic turn represented by Kuhn's work constitutes a modification but not a change of the paradigm of „analytic philosophy of science. To show this, that paradigm (P) is reconstructed in terms of five programmatic schemata of knowledge production.
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  28. Mammo Muchie (2004). Resisting the Deficit Model of Development in Africa: Re-Thinking Through the Making of an African National Innovation System. Social Epistemology 18 (4):315 – 332.score: 24.0
    When in Africa we speak and dream of and work for, a rebirth of that continent as a full participant in the affairs of the world in the next century, we are deeply conscious of how dependent that is on the mobilisation and strengthening of the continent's resources of learning. Nelson Mandela Address at Harvard University, September, 1998 quoted in East African, September 1-7, 2003 A paradigm can, for that matter, even insulate the community from those socially important problems (...)
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  29. M. D. D. Neofytos, M. D. B. Kuhn, M. D. S. Shen, M. D. X. Hua Zhu & M. D. P. Flomenberg (2007). Emergence of Staphylococcal Cassette Chromosome Mec Type IV Methicillin‐Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus as a Cause of Ventilator‐Associated Pneumonia. Emergence 28 (10):1206-1209.score: 24.0
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  30. A. E. Housman (1919). Siparvm and Svpparvs. Classical Quarterly 13 (3-4):149-.score: 24.0
    A Student who looks out siparum in the dictionary is sent on to supparum. Forcellini: ppphsupp scribitur autem et sifarus et siparum et siparus et sipharutmsrum, rum (rus), s. supparumsupppphrus (rus), i, m. ()rum or-us, i, v. supparum'; rum (rum, rum, rum), i, n. u. suppph This then is one word, rejoicing in no fewer than eleven forms (most of which I have never met anywhere outside a dictionary2): supparum, supparus, parum, pharum, siparus, sifarus, pharus, ssupparusnner und Frauen, zugleich aber (...)
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  31. Harold Morick (1972). Challenges to Empiricism. Belmont, Calif.,Wadsworth Pub. Co..score: 24.0
    Carnap, R. Empiricism, semantics, and ontology.--Quine, W. V. Two dogmas of empiricism. Meaning and translation.--Sellars, W. Empiricism and the philosophy of mind.--Putnam, H. Brains and behaviour.--Popper, K. R. Science: conjectures and refutations.--Feyerabend, P. K. Science without experience. How to be a good empiricist--a plea for tolerance in matters epistemological.--Kuhn, T. S. Incommensurability and paradigms.--Hesse, M. Duhem, Quine and a new empiricism.--Chomsky, N. Recent contributions to the theory of innate ideas.--Putnam, H. The innateness hypothesis and explanatory models in linguistics.--Goodman, N. (...)
     
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  32. Darrell P. Rowbottom (2011). Stances and Paradigms: A Reflection. Synthese 178 (1):111-119.score: 18.0
    This paper compares and contrasts the concept of a stance with that of a paradigm qua disciplinary matrix, in an attempt to illuminate both notions. First, it considers to what extent it is appropriate to draw an analogy between stances (which operate at the level of the individual) and disciplinary matrices (which operate at the level of the community). It suggests that despite first appearances, a disciplinary matrix is not simply a stance writ large. Second, it examines how we might (...)
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  33. William P. Bechtel & A. Abrahamson (1990). Beyond the Exclusively Propositional Era. Synthese 82 (2):223-53.score: 12.0
    Contemporary epistemology has assumed that knowledge is represented in sentences or propositions. However, a variety of extensions and alternatives to this view have been proposed in other areas of investigation. We review some of these proposals, focusing on (1) Ryle's notion of knowing how and Hanson's and Kuhn's accounts of theory-laden perception in science; (2) extensions of simple propositional representations in cognitive models and artificial intelligence; (3) the debate concerning imagistic versus propositional representations in cognitive psychology; (4) recent treatments (...)
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  34. Darrell P. Rowbottom & Sarah Jane Aiston (2011). The Use and Misuse of Taxpayers' Money: Publicly-Funded Educational Research. British Educational Research Journal 37 (4):631-655.score: 12.0
    How should educational research be contracted? And is there anything wrong with the way that public funding of educational research is currently administered? We endeavour to answer these questions by appeal to the work of two of the most prominent philosophers of science of the twentieth century, namely Popper and Kuhn. Although their normative views of science are radically different, we show that they would nonetheless agree on a number of key rules concerning the extent to which scientific practice (...)
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  35. P. William Bechtel & Eric Stiffler (1978). Observationality: Quine and the Epistemological Nihilists. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1978:93 - 108.score: 12.0
    Quine has proposed an alternative criterion for identifying observation sentences which has not yet received serious evaluation. We investigate this new criterion, showing how it differs from more traditional criteria and measuring it against the major objections to traditional criteria. Our judgment is that it meets Suppe's and Achinstein's objections and one version of the theory-ladenness objection offered by Hanson, Feyerabend, and Kuhn. We suggest how it might also provide an answer to the more serious version of the theory-ladenness (...)
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  36. P. Cortois (1993). Wetenschap AlS cultuur. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 55 (3):420 - 448.score: 12.0
    In what sense can the sciences be said to constitute a (set of) specific cultural tradition(s) within broader culture? This is the proper way of posing the problem of the 'two cultures' today. For G. Bachelard the opposition between 'poem' and 'theorem' was fundamental, the elements of poetical imagination being radically different from the symbolical constructions of conceptual invention. In this article a sophisticated version of this point of view is proposed. The nowadays popular attempts to bridge all gaps between (...)
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  37. G. Kerkhoff S. Reinhart, L. Schmidt, C. Kuhn, A. Rosenthal, T. Schenk, I. Keller (2012). Limb Activation Ameliorates Body-Related Deficits in Spatial Neglect. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 12.0
    : Many neglect patients show deficits in the mental representation of their contralesional body side or body parts, termed personal neglect. These deficits include impairments in identifying body parts on schematic drawings of human bodies. Limb activation and alertness cues have been shown to modulate neglect transiently, and are effective treatments for several symptoms of the neglect syndrome. Here, we tested on 8 patients with right-hemispheric stroke and left-sided spatial neglect whether these two techniques modulate deficits in the mental representation (...)
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