172 found
Order:
Disambiguations:
Paul Lewis [54]Peter J. Lewis [39]Peter Lewis [33]Penney Lewis [7]
P. Lewis [6]Penelope A. Lewis [5]Phillip V. Lewis [5]P. A. Lewis [5]

Not all matches are shown. Search with initial or firstname to single out others.

See also:
Profile: Phillip Lewis
  1.  43
    Peter J. Lewis (2007). Uncertainty and Probability for Branching Selves. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 38 (1):1-14.
    Everettian accounts of quantum mechanics entail that people branch; every possible result of a measurement actually occurs, and I have one successor for each result. Is there room for probability in such an account? The prima facie answer is no; there are no ontic chances here, and no ignorance about what will happen. But since any adequate quantum mechanical theory must make probabilistic predictions, much recent philosophical labor has gone into trying to construct an account of probability for branching selves. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   16 citations  
  2. Peter J. Lewis (2010). Probability in Everettian Quantum Mechanics. Manuscrito 33 (1):285--306.
    The main difficulty facing no-collapse theories of quantum mechanics in the Everettian tradition concerns the role of probability within a theory in which every possible outcome of a measurement actually occurs. The problem is two-fold: First, what do probability claims mean within such a theory? Second, what ensures that the probabilities attached to measurement outcomes match those of standard quantum mechanics? Deutsch has recently proposed a decision-theoretic solution to the second problem, according to which agents are rationally required to weight (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  3. Phillip V. Lewis (1985). Defining 'Business Ethics': Like Nailing Jello to a Wall. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 4 (5):377 - 383.
    Business ethics is a topic receiving much attention in the literature. However, the term 'business ethics' is not adequately defined. Typical definitions refer to the rightness or wrongness of behavior, but not everyone agrees on what is morally right or wrong, good or bad, ethical or unethical. To complicate the problem, nearly all available definitions exist at highly abstract levels. This article focuses on contemporary definitions of business ethics by business writers and professionals and on possible areas of agreement among (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   30 citations  
  4. Peter J. Lewis (2001). Why the Pessimistic Induction is a Fallacy. Synthese 129 (3):371--380.
    Putnam and Laudan separately argue that the falsity of past scientific theories gives us reason to doubt the truth of current theories. Their arguments have been highly influential, and have generated a significant literature over the past couple of decades. Most of this literature attempts to defend scientific realism by attacking the historical evidence on which the premises of the relevant argument are based. However, I argue that both Putnam's and Laudan's arguments are fallacious, and hence attacking their premises is (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   15 citations  
  5. Penney Lewis & Isra Black (2013). Adherence to the Request Criterion in Jurisdictions Where Assisted Dying Is Lawful? A Review of the Criteria and Evidence in the Netherlands, Belgium, Oregon, and Switzerland. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 41 (4):885-898.
    Some form of assisted dying (voluntary euthanasia and/or assisted suicide) is lawful in the Netherlands, Belgium, Oregon, and Switzerland. In order to be lawful in these jurisdictions, a valid request must precede the provision of assistance to die. Non-adherence to the criteria for valid requests for assisted dying may be a trigger for civil and/or criminal liability, as well as disciplinary sanctions where the assistor is a medical professional. In this article, we review the criteria and evidence in respect of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  6. Neema Sofaer, Penny Lewis & Hugh Davies (2012). Atención después de la investigación: un marco para los comités de ética de investigación del National Health Service (NHS) (borrador versión 8.0). Perspectivas Bioéticas 17 (33):47-70.
    Resumen Ésta es la primera traducción al español de las guías “Atención después de la investigación: un marco para los comités de ética de investigación del National Health Service (NHS) (borrador versión 8.0)”. El documento afirma que existe una fuerte obligación moral de garantizar que los participantes enfermos de un estudio clínico hagan una transición después del estudio hacia una atención de la salud apropiada. Con “atención de la salud apropiada” se hace referencia al acceso para los participantes a la (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  33
    Peter J. Lewis (2004). Life in Configuration Space. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (4):713-729.
    This paper investigates the tenability of wavefunction realism, according to which the quantum mechanical wavefunction is not just a convenient predictive tool, but is a real entity figuring in physical explanations of our measurement results. An apparent difficulty with this position is that the wavefunction exists in a many-dimensional configuration space, whereas the world appears to us to be three-dimensional. I consider the arguments that have been given for and against the tenability of wavefunction realism, and note that both the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   14 citations  
  8.  22
    Penelope A. Lewis & Simon J. Durrant (2011). Overlapping Memory Replay During Sleep Builds Cognitive Schemata. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (8):343-351.
    Sleep enhances integration across multiple stimuli, abstraction of general rules, insight into hidden solutions and false memory formation. Newly learned information is better assimilated if compatible with an existing cognitive framework or schema. This article proposes a mechanism by which the reactivation of newly learned memories during sleep could actively underpin both schema formation and the addition of new knowledge to existing schemata. Under this model, the overlapping replay of related memories selectively strengthens shared elements. Repeated reactivation of memories in (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  9. Peter J. Lewis (1997). Quantum Mechanics, Orthogonality, and Counting. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (3):313-328.
    In quantum mechanics it is usually assumed that mutually exclusives states of affairs must be represented by orthogonal vectors. Recent attempts to solve the measurement problem, most notably the GRW theory, require the relaxation of this assumption. It is shown that a consequence of relaxing this assumption is that arithmatic does not apply to ordinary macroscopic objects. It is argued that such a radical move is unwarranted given the current state of understanding of the foundations of quantum mechanics.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   15 citations  
  10.  14
    Penelope A. Lewis & R. Chris Miall (2006). Remembering the Time: A Continuous Clock. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (9):401-406.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  11.  89
    Peter J. Lewis (2010). Credence and Self-Location. Synthese 175 (3):369-382.
    All parties to the Sleeping Beauty debate agree that it shows that some cherished principle of rationality has to go. Thirders think that it is Conditionalization and Reflection that must be given up or modified; halfers think that it is the Principal Principle. I offer an analysis of the Sleeping Beauty puzzle that allows us to retain all three principles. In brief, I argue that Sleeping Beauty’s credence in the uncentered proposition that the coin came up heads should be 1/2, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  12.  25
    Paul Lewis (2000). Realism, Causality and the Problem of Social Structure. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 30 (3):249–268.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   15 citations  
  13.  66
    Walter Gulick & Paul Lewis (2013). Submissions for Publication. Tradition and Discovery 39 (2):21-21.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  27
    Peter J. Lewis, In Search of Local Beables.
    The call to supplement the quantum wave function with local beables is almost as old as quantum mechanics. But what exactly is the problem with the wave function as the representation of a quantum system? I canvass three potential problems with the wave function: the well-known problems of incompleteness and dimensionality, and the lesser known problem of non-locality introduced recently by Myrvold. Building on Myrvold's insight, I show that the standard ways of introducing local beables into quantum mechanics are unsuccessful. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  49
    Neema Sofaer, Penney Lewis & Hugh Davies, Care After Research: A Framework for NHS RECs. Health Research Authority.
    Care after research is for participants after they have finished the study. Often it is NHS-provided healthcare for the medical condition that the study addresses. Sometimes it includes the study intervention, whether funded and supplied by the study sponsor, NHS or other party. The NHS has the primary responsibility for care after research. However, researchers are responsible at least for explaining and justifying what will happen to participants once they have finished. RECs are responsible for considering the arrangements. There are (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  16.  53
    Peter J. Lewis (2004). Life in Configuration Space. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (4):713-729.
    This paper investigates the tenability of wavefunction realism, according to which the quantum mechanical wavefunction is not just a convenient predictive tool, but is a real entity figuring in physical explanations of our measurement results. An apparent difficulty with this position is that the wavefunction exists in a many-dimensional configuration space, whereas the world appears to us to be three-dimensional. I consider the arguments that have been given for and against the tenability of wavefunction realism, and note that both the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  17.  60
    Peter J. Lewis, Quantum Mechanics, Interpretations Of.
    Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics Quantum mechanics is a physical theory developed in the 1920s to account for the behavior of matter on the atomic scale. It has subsequently been developed into arguably the most empirically successful theory in the history of physics. However, it is hard to understand quantum mechanics as a description of the … Continue reading Quantum Mechanics, Interpretations of →.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  84
    Peter J. Lewis (2007). Empty Waves in Bohmian Quantum Mechanics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (4):787 - 803.
    There is a recurring line of argument in the literature to the effect that Bohm's theory fails to solve the measurement problem. I show that this argument fails in all its variants. Hence Bohm's theory, whatever its drawbacks, at least succeeds in solving the measurement problem. I briefly discuss a similar argument that has been raised against the GRW theory.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  19.  38
    Penney Lewis (2007). The Empirical Slippery Slope From Voluntary to Non-Voluntary Euthanasia. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 35 (1):197-210.
    This article examines the evidence for the empirical argument that there is a slippery slope between the legalization of voluntary and non-voluntary euthanasia. The main source of evidence in relation to this argument comes from the Netherlands. The argument is only effective against legalization if it is legalization which causes the slippery slope. Moreover, it is only effective if it is used comparatively-to show that the slope is more slippery in jurisdictions which have legalized voluntary euthanasia than it is in (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  20.  96
    Peter J. Lewis (2007). Quantum Sleeping Beauty. Analysis 67 (293):59-65.
    The Sleeping Beauty paradox in epistemology and the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics both raise problems concerning subjective probability assignments. Furthermore, there are striking parallels between the two cases; in both cases personal experience has a branching structure, and in both cases the agent loses herself among the branches. However, the treatment of probability is very different in the two cases, for no good reason that I can see. Suppose, then, that we adopt the same treatment of probability in each (...)
    Direct download (13 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  21.  13
    Don Fallis & Peter J. Lewis (forthcoming). The Brier Rule Is Not a Good Measure of Epistemic Utility. Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-15.
    ABSTRACTMeasures of epistemic utility are used by formal epistemologists to make determinations of epistemic betterness among cognitive states. The Brier rule is the most popular choice among formal epistemologists for such a measure. In this paper, however, we show that the Brier rule is sometimes seriously wrong about whether one cognitive state is epistemically better than another. In particular, there are cases where an agent gets evidence that definitively eliminates a false hypothesis, but where the Brier rule says that things (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  75
    Peter Lewis (1995). Art, the Community's Medicine. British Journal of Aesthetics 35 (3):205-216.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  23.  72
    Peter J. Lewis (2003). Counting Marbles: A Reply to Critics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (1):165-170.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  24.  43
    Peter J. Lewis (2006). Conspiracy Theories of Quantum Mechanics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (2):359-381.
    It has long been recognized that a local hidden-variable theory of quantum mechanics can in principle be constructed, provided one is willing to countenance pre-measurement correlations between the properties of measured systems and measuring devices. However, this “conspiratorial” approach is typically dismissed out of hand. In this paper I examine the justification for dismissing conspiracy theories of quantum mechanics. I consider the existing arguments against such theories, and find them to be less than conclusive. I suggest a more powerful argument (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  25.  65
    Peter J. Lewis, Deutsch on Quantum Decision Theory.
    A major problem facing no-collapse interpretations of quantum mechanics in the tradition of Everett is how to understand the probabilistic axiom of quantum mechanics (the Born rule) in the context of a deterministic theory in which every outcome of a measurement occurs. Deutsch claims to derive a decision-theoretic analogue of the Born rule from the non-probabilistic part of quantum mechanics and some non-probabilistic axioms of classical decision theory, and hence concludes that no probabilistic axiom is needed. I argue that Deutsch’s (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  26. Peter B. Lewis (2005). Wittgenstein, Tolstoy, and Shakespeare. Philosophy and Literature 29 (2):241-255.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  27. Peter J. Lewis (2000). What is It Like to Be Schrödinger's Cat? Analysis 60 (265):22–29.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  28.  48
    Peter J. Lewis (2013). Retrocausal Quantum Mechanics: Maudlin's Challenge Revisited. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (4):442-449.
    In 1994, Maudlin proposed an objection to retrocausal approaches to quantum mechanics in general, and to the transactional interpretation in particular, involving an absorber that changes location depending on the trajectory of the particle. Maudlin considered this objection fatal. However, the TI did not die; rather, a number of responses were developed, some attempting to accommodate Maudlin's example within the existing TI, and others modifying the TI. I argue that none of these responses is fully adequate. The reason, I submit, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  29.  4
    Paul Lewis & Edward T. Gardner (1977). The Reliability of Preference for Signaled Shock. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 9 (2):135-138.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   19 citations  
  30.  39
    Peter J. Lewis (2009). Reply to Papineau and Durà-Vilà. Analysis 69 (1):86-89.
    I argued that anyone who adopts the Everettian approach to the foundations of quantum mechanics must also accept the (unpopular) ‘halfer’ solution to the Sleeping Beauty puzzle. Papineau and Durà-Vilà have responded with an argument that it is perfectly cogent both to be an Everettian and to accept the (popular) ‘thirder’ solution to Sleeping Beauty. Here I attempt to rebut their argument, and to clarify my original position.
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  31.  79
    Peter J. Lewis (2010). A Note on the Doomsday Argument. Analysis 70 (1):27-30.
    I argue that the Doomsday argument fails because it fails to take into account the lesson of the Sleeping Beauty puzzle.
    Direct download (16 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  32.  54
    Peter J. Lewis (2003). Four Strategies for Dealing with the Counting Anomaly in Spontaneous Collapse Theories of Quantum Mechanics. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 17 (2):137 – 142.
    A few years ago, I argued that according to spontaneous collapse theories of quantum mechanics, arithmetic applies to macroscopic objects only as an approximation. Several authors have written articles defending spontaneous collapse theories against this charge, including Bassi and Ghirardi, Clifton and Monton, and now Frigg. The arguments of these authors are all different and all ingenious, but in the end I think that none of them succeeds, for reasons I elaborate here. I suggest a fourth line of response, based (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  33.  36
    Peter J. Lewis (2006). GRW: A Case Study in Quantum Ontology. Philosophy Compass 1 (2):224–244.
  34. Paul A. Lewis (2004). 18 Structure and Agency in Economic Analysis: The Case of Austrian Economics and the Material Embeddedness of Socio-Economic Life. In John Bryan Davis & Alain Marciano (eds.), The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy. Edward Elgar Pub. 364.
  35.  37
    Peter J. Lewis (2003). Quantum Mechanics and Ordinary Language: The Fuzzy Link. Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1437-1446.
    It is widely acknowledged that the link between quantum language and ordinary language must be "fuzzier" than the traditional eigenstate-eigenvalue link. In the context of spontaneous-collapse theories, Albert and Loewer argue that the form of this fuzzy link is a matter of convention, and can be freely chosen to minimize anomalies for those theories. I defend the position that the form of the link is empirical, and could be such as to render collapse theories idle. This means that defenders of (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  36.  23
    Paul Lewis (1996). Everyman Revived. Tradition and Discovery 23 (2):39-40.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  18
    Peter J. Lewis, Dimension and Illusion.
    The world looks three-dimensional unless one looks closely, when it looks 3N-dimensional. But which appearance is veridical, and which the illusion? Albert contends that the three-dimensionality of the everyday world is illusory, and that 3N-dimensional wavefunction one discerns in quantum phenomena is the reality behind the illusion. What I try to do here is to argue for the converse of Albert's position; the world really is three dimensional, and the 3N-dimensional appearance of quantum phenomena is the theoretical analog of an (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  33
    Pericles Lewis (1992). The “True” Homer: Myth and Enlightenment in Vico, Horkheimer, and Adorno. New Vico Studies 10:24-35.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39.  3
    Paul Lewis (2013). Hayek, Social Theory, and the Contrastive Explanation of Socio-Economic Order. Critical Review 25 (3-4):386-408.
    Hayek's later work on the possibility of socio-economic order in decentralized market economies is an exercise in contrastive causal explanation as conceptualized by realist social theorists and philosophers. This interpretation of Hayek's work lends support to the view that Hayek's post-1960 writings can be thought of as an example of comparative institutional analysis. It also provides a means of reinforcing Hayek's own efforts to establish the scientific credentials of his work.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  40.  22
    Penelope A. Lewis (2002). Musical Minds. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (9):364-366.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  4
    Paul Lewis (2015). Preface. Tradition and Discovery 42 (1):3-3.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  4
    Paul Lewis (2014). Preface: Changes Ahead for Tradition and Discovery. Tradition and Discovery 41 (3):1-1.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  67
    Peter J. Lewis (2006). Conspiracy Theories of Quantum Mechanics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (2):359-381.
    It has long been recognized that a local hidden variable theory of quantum mechanics can in principle be constructed, provided one is willing to countenance pre-measurement correlations between the properties of measured systems and measuring devices. However, this ‘conspiratorial’ approach is typically dismissed out of hand. In this article I examine the justification for dismissing conspiracy theories of quantum mechanics. I consider the existing arguments against such theories, and find them to be less than conclusive. I suggest a more powerful (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  44.  38
    Paul Lewis (2010). The Emerging Comprehensive Moral Psychology of Darcia Narvaez. Tradition and Discovery 37 (3):9-18.
    This review essay offers an overview of Darcia Narvaez’s work in moral psychology based on a representative selection of essays published over roughly the last decade. I trace the roots of her work in post-Kohlbergian moral psychology and show how her work has developed over time into one of the few attempts to articulate a normative and comprehensive moral psychology that is conversant with both moral philosophy and the neurosciences.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  45.  19
    William J. Mitchell, Phillip V. Lewis & N. L. Reinsch (1992). Bank Ethics: An Exploratory Study of Ethical Behaviors and Perceptions in Small, Local Banks. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 11 (3):197 - 205.
    This article addresses five research questions: What specific behaviors are described in the literature as ethical or unethical? What percentage of business people are believed to be guilty of unethical behavior? What specific unethical behaviors have been observed by bank employees? How serious are the behaviors? Are experiences and attitudes affected by demographics? Conclusions suggest: There are seventeen categories of behavior, and that they are heavily skewed toward internal behaviors. Younger employees have a higher level of ethical consciousness than older (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  46.  27
    Penelope A. Lewis & Hugo D. Critchley (2003). Mood-Dependent Memory. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (10):431-433.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  47. Penny J. Lewis & Mary P. Tully (2009). The Discomfort of an Evidence‐Based Prescribing Decision. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):1152-1158.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  48.  17
    Paul Lewis (2005). Minding God. Tradition and Discovery 32 (2):51-52.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49.  19
    Peter B. Lewis (2004). Collingwood and the Metaphysics of Experience. International Philosophical Quarterly 44 (2):283-285.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  23
    Paul Lewis (2004). Nature, Reality and the Sacred. Tradition and Discovery 31 (1):42-44.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 172