63 found
Sort by:
Disambiguations:
Paul Needham [57]P. Needham [6]
  1. Paul Needham (2014). Nineteenth-Century Chemical Theory: Correction of a Misunderstanding. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 16 (2):165-167.
    I reply in this short note to some criticisms that Alan Rocke has recently made in this journal.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Paul Needham (2014). The Source of Chemical Bonding. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 45:1-13.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Paul Needham (2014). Unearthing a Buried Memory. Metascience 23 (1):87-91.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Hasok Chang, Jeremiah James, Paul Needham, Kostas Gavroglu & Ana Simões (2013). Historical and Philosophical Perspectives on Quantum Chemistry. Metascience 22 (3):523-544.
  5. P. Needham (2013). Process and Change: From a Thermodynamic Perspective. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (2):395-422.
    The creators of equilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics developed a conception of processes which bears on metaphysical discussions of change, occurrents, and continuants and merits the attention of contemporary analytic metaphysicians. It concerns the macroscopic domain, from which metaphysicians normally take their examples, and is unjustly ignored on the grounds that it is not ‘fundamental science’. Why this often-voiced view should disqualify just thermodynamics, and not the broad range of considerations normally raised, is a moot point. But even if there were (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Paul Needham (2013). Hydrogen Bonding: Homing in on a Tricky Chemical Concept. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (1):51-65.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Paul Needham (2013). Questioning the Justification of Past Science. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 27 (1):85 - 93.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Paul Needham (2013). What Does Hydrogen Bonding Say About the Nature of the Chemical Bond? In Vassilios Karakostas & Dennis Dieks (eds.), Epsa11 Perspectives and Foundational Problems in Philosophy of Science. Springer. 321--330.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Paul Needham (2012). Natural Kind Thingamajigs. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (1):97 - 101.
    I criticize the treatment of natural kinds as some sort of object, advocated in a recent paper by Alexander Bird. The arguments he gives for regimenting an illustrative statement featuring chemical kinds in his preferred manner are not conclusive, and his criticisms of an alternative strategy involving universally quantified sentences fail. This is important because of the widespread but poorly supported assumption that expressions of natural kinds should be treated as singular referring terms.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Paul Needham (2012). The Phase Rule and the Notion of Substance. In Henk W. de Regt (ed.), Epsa Philosophy of Science: Amsterdam 2009. Springer. 253--262.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Mark Newman, Raffaella Campaner, Maria Carla Galavotti, Open Biomedical Ontologies, Sabina Leonelli, Nathalie Gontier, Natural Kind Thingamajigs, Paul Needham & Alexander Bird (2012). International Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Philosophy of Science 26 (1).
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Anastasios Brenner, Paul Needham, David Stump & Robert Deltete (2011). New Perspectives on Pierre Duhem's The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory. Metascience 20 (1):1-25.
    New perspectives on Pierre Duhem’s The aim and structure of physical theory Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9467-3 Authors Anastasios Brenner, Department of Philosophy, Paul Valéry University-Montpellier III, Route De Mende, 34199 Montpellier cedex 5, France Paul Needham, Department of Philosophy, University of Stockholm, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden David J. Stump, Department of Philosophy, University of San Francisco, 2130 Fulton Street, San Francisco, CA 94117, USA Robert Deltete, Department of Philosophy, Seattle University, 901 12th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98122-1090, USA Journal Metascience (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Paul Needham (2011). Duhem's Moderate Realism. Metascience 20:7-12.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Paul Needham (2011). Microessentialism: What is the Argument? Noûs 45 (1):1-21.
    According to microessentialism, it is necessary to resort to microstructure in order to adequately characterise chemical substances such as water. But the thesis has never been properly supported by argument. Kripke and Putnam, who originally proposed the thesis, suggest that a so-called stereotypical characterisation is not possible, whereas one in terms of microstructure is. However, the sketchy outlines given of stereotypical descriptions hardly support the impossibility claim. On the other hand, what naturally stands in contrast to microscopic description is description (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Michael Weisberg, Paul Needham & Robin Hendry, Philosophy of Chemistry. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  16. Rom Harré, Paul Needham, Eric Scerri & Alan Chalmers (2010). A Revisionist History of Atomism. Metascience 19 (3):349-371.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. P. Needham (2010). Substance and Time. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (3):485-512.
    ‘Water is H 2 O’ is naturally construed as an equivalence. What are the things to which the two predicates ‘is water’ and ‘is H 2 O’ apply? The equivalence presupposes that substance properties are distinguished from phase properties. A substance like water (H 2 O) exhibits various phases (solid, liquid, gas) under appropriate conditions, and a given (say liquid) phase may comprise several substances. What general features distinguish substance from phase properties? I tackle these questions on the basis of (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Paul Needham (2010). A Mereological Interpretation of the Phase Rule. Philosophy of Science 77 (5):900-910.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Paul Needham (2010). Nagel's Analysis of Reduction: Comments in Defense as Well as Critique. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 41 (2):163-170.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Paul Needham, The Phase Rule and the Notion of Substance.
    In response to difficulties in understanding the notion of chemical substance at issue in Gibbs’ phase rule, there is a long tradition of reformulating the simple statement of the rule. The leading idea is to rewrite the rule with a term for the number of substances actually present and to introduce additional terms making explicit the various kinds of restrictions which in the original formulation are taken to be incorporated into Gibbs’ notion of the number of independent substances. Although the (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Paul Needham (2010). Transient Things and Permanent Stuff. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (1):147 – 166.
    A view of individuals as constituted of quantities of matter, both understood as continuants enduring over time, is elaborated in some detail. Constitution is a three-place relation which can't be collapsed to identity because of the place-holder for a time and because individuals and quantities of matter have such a radically different character. Individuals are transient entities with limited lifetimes, whereas quantities are permanent existents undergoing change in physical and chemical properties from time to time. Coincidence, considered as a matter (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Michael Weisberg & Paul Needham (2010). Matter, Structure, and Change: Aspects of the Philosophy of Chemistry. Philosophy Compass 5 (10):927-937.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Paul Needham (2009). An Aristotelian Theory of Chemical Substance. Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 12:149-164.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Paul Needham (2009). Reduction and Emergence: A Critique of Kim. Philosophical Studies 146 (1):93 - 116.
    In a recent critique of the doctrine of emergentism championed by its classic advocates up to C. D. Broad, Jaegwon Kim (Philosophical Studies 63:31–47, 1999) challenges their view about its applicability to the sciences and proposes a new account of how the opposing notion of reduction should be understood. Kim is critical of the classic conception advanced by Nagel and uses his new account in his criticism of emergentism. I question his claims about the successful reduction achieved in the sciences (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Paul Needham (2008). Is Water a Mixure Bridging the Distinction Between Physical and Chemical Properties. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (1):66-77.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Paul Needham (2008). Resisting Chemical Atomism: Duhem's Argument. Philosophy of Science 75 (5):921-931.
    Late nineteenth‐century opponents of atomism questioned whether the evidence required any notion of an atom. In this spirit, Duhem developed an account of the import of chemical formulas that is clearly neutral on the atomic question rather than antiatomistic. The argument is supplemented with specific inadequacies of atomic theories of chemical combination and considerably strengthened by the theory of chemical combination provided by thermodynamics. Despite possible counterevidence available at the time, which should have tempered some of Duhem's concluding remarks, there (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Robin Findlay Hendry & Paul Needham (2007). Le Poidevin on the Reduction of Chemistry. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (2):339 - 353.
    In this article we critically evaluate Robin Le Poidevin's recent attempt to set out an argument for the ontological reduction of chemistry independently of intertheoretic reduction. We argue, firstly, that the argument he envisages applies only to a small part of chemistry, and that there is no obvious way to extend it. We argue, secondly, that the argument cannot establish the reduction of chemistry, properly so called.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Paul Needham (2007). Book Review: Henry Laycock: "Words Without Objects". [REVIEW] Hyle 13 (1):63 - 65.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Paul Needham (2007). Duhem, Pierre-Maurice-Marie. In Noretta Koertge (ed.), New Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Thomson Gale.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Paul Needham (2007). Macroscopic Mixtures. Journal of Philosophy 104 (1):26-52.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Paul Needham (2006). Ontological Reduction: A Comment on Lombardi and Labarca. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 8 (1):73-80.
    In a recent article in this journal (Foundations of Chemistry, 7 (2005), 125–148) Lombardi and Labarca call into question a thesis of ontological reduction to which several writers on reduction subscribe despite rejecting a thesis of epistemological reduction. Lombardi and Labarca advocate instead a pluralistic ontology inspired by Putnam’s internal realism. I suggest that it is not necessary to go so far, and that a more critical view of the ontological reduction espoused by the authors they criticise circumvents the need (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Paul Needham (2006). Substance and Modality. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):829-840.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Jan Faye, Paul Needham, Uwe Scheffler & Max Urchs (eds.) (2005). Nature's Principles. Springer.
    This volume presents a wide-ranging overview of the contemporary debate and includes some of its foremost participants.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Paul Needham (2005). Mixtures and Modality. Foundations of Chemistry 7 (1):103-118.
    Some points are made aboutsubstance properties in their role ofintroducing mass terms. In particular, twoconditions of distributivity and cumulativityof mass predicates expressing these propertiesare not the independent pair they first appearto be. A classification of macroscopicsubstance concepts is developed. This needs tobe complemented in some way by the introductionof a modal qualification reminiscent ofAristotle's distinction between actual andpotential presence of substances in a mixture. Consideration of the latter feature hasprompted Joe Earley to raise the question ofwhether there is any salt (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Paul Needham (2004). Continuants and Processes in Macroscopic Chemistry. Axiomathes 14 (1-3):237-265.
    Chemistry deals with substances and their transformations. School chemistry provides a picture of this in terms of small balls called atoms and ball-and-stick structures called molecules which, despite its crudity, has been taken to justifiably reflect a reductionist conception of macroscopic concepts like the chemical substances and chemical reactions. But with the recent interest in chemistry within the philosophy of science, an extensive and determined criticism has developed of the idea that the macroscopic world has been, or is likely to (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Paul Needham (2004). Has Daltonian Atomism Provided Chemistry with Any Explanations? Philosophy of Science 71 (5):1038-1047.
    Philosophers frequently cite Dalton's chemical atomism, and its nineteenth century developments, as a prime example of inference to the best explanation. This was a controversial issue in its time. But the critics are dismissed as positivist‐inspired antirealists with no interest in explanation. Is this a reasonable assessment?
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Paul Needham (2004). Mixture and Chemical Combination and Related Essays: A Response to Robert Deltete and Anastasios Brenner. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 6 (3):233-245.
  38. Paul Needham (2004). Om Reduktion. SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 5 (2).
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Paul Needham (2004). When Did Atoms Begin to Do Any Explanatory Work in Chemistry? International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 18 (2 & 3):199 – 219.
    During the 19th century atomism was a controversial issue in chemistry. It is an oversimplification to dismiss the critics' arguments as all falling under the general positivist view that what can't be seen can't be. The more interesting lines of argument either questioned whether any coherent notion of an atom had ever been formulated or questioned whether atoms were ever really given any explanatory role. At what point, and for what reasons, did atomistic hypotheses begin to explain anything in chemistry? (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Paul Needham (2003). Maureen Christie: The Ozone Layer. A Philosophy of Science Perspective. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 5 (3):253-261.
  41. P. Needham (2002). Duhem's Theory of Mixture in the Light of the Stoic Challenge to the Aristotelian Conception. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (4):685-708.
    The bulk of Duhem's writing which bears on the understanding of mixtures suggests he adopted an Aristotelian position which he opposed only to the atomic view. A third view from antiquity-that of the Stoics-seems not to be taken into account. But his lines of thought are not always as explicit as could be wished. The Stoic view is considered here from a perspective which Duhem might well have adopted. This provides a background against which his somewhat unorthodox Aristotelianism might be (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Paul Needham (2002). The Discovery That Water is H2O. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 16 (3):205 – 226.
    What are the criteria determining the individuation of chemical kinds? Recent philosophical discussion, which puts too much emphasis on microstructure, seems to presuppose a reductionist conception not motivated by the scientific facts. The present article traces the development of the traditional notion of a substance with the rise of modern chemistry from the end of the 18th century with a view to correcting this speculative distortion.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Paul Needham (2000). Atomic Notation and Atomistic Hypotheses Translated by Paul Needham. Foundations of Chemistry 2 (2):127-180.
  44. Paul Needham (2000). Duhem and Quine. Dialectica 54 (2):109–132.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Paul Needham (2000). Hot Stuff. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 76:421-446.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Paul Needham (2000). Reduction in Chemistry - a Second Response to Scerri. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 14 (3):317 – 323.
    In this rejoinder to Eric Scerri's response to my first comment on his paper on the reduction of chemistry to physics, the main point concerns laws in chemistry. But other themes touched upon include the assumptions involved in ab initio calculations, the question of what is reduced to what on Scerri's view, and the significance he attaches to the term "naturalism".
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Paul Needham (2000). True Science: Apropos a Recent Collection of Duhem's Essays. Theoria 66 (1):86-96.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Paul Needham (2000). What is Water? Analysis 60 (1):13–21.
    No categories
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Paul Needham (1999). Macroscopic Processes. Philosophy of Science 66 (2):310-331.
    Bodies as conceived in macroscopic theories are loosely spoken of as participating in processes. But are there any systematic reasons for regarding processes as part of the ontology of macroscopic theory? The present paper suggests that suitable motivation can be found within a project of describing a phenomenological, macroscopic ontology for equilibrium thermodynamics, and outlines some aspects of the interrelation between continuant bodies and processes.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 63