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  1. P. Thomas Schoenemann (2002). Putting Meat on the Bones: The Necessity of Empirical Tests of Hypotheses About Cognitive Evolution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):416-417.
    Reconstructing the evolution of cognition requires maximal extraction of information from very sparse data. The role that archaeology plays in this process is important, but strong empirical tests of plausible hypotheses are absolutely critical. Quantitative measures of symmetry must be devised, a much deeper understanding of nonhuman primate spatial cognition is needed, and a better understanding of brain/behavior relationships across species is necessary to properly ground these hypotheses.
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  2. P. Thomas Schoenemann (2001). Brain Scaling, Behavioral Ability, and Human Evolution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):293-295.
    The existence of linked regularities in size among brain components across species is, by itself, not a strong argument against the importance of behavioral selection in brain evolution. A careful consideration of hominid brain evolution suggests that brain components can change their scaling relationships over time, and that behavioral selection was likely crucial. The best neuroanatomical index of a given behavioral ability can only be determined empirically, not through comparative analysis of brain anatomy alone.
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  3. P. Thomas Schoenemann (1999). Syntax as an Emergent Characteristic of the Evolution of Semantic Complexity. Minds and Machines 9 (3):309-346.
    It is commonly argued that the rules of language, as distinct from its semantic features, are the characteristics which most clearly distinguish language from the communication systems of other species. A number of linguists (e.g., Chomsky 1972, 1980; Pinker 1994) have suggested that the universal features of grammar (UG) are unique human adaptations showing no evolutionary continuities with any other species. However, recent summaries of the substantive features of UG are quite remarkable in the very general nature of the features (...)
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  4. P. Thomas Schoenemann & William S.-Y. Wang (1996). Evolutionary Principles and the Emergence of Syntax. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (4):646.
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