Search results for 'Paradigm (Theory of knowledge' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  10
    Dirk Geeraerts (1985). Paradigm and Paradox: Explorations Into a Paradigmatic Theory of Meaning and its Epistemological Background. Leuven University Press.
    INTRODUCTION This book is devoted to the formulation and the development of a paradigmatic-phenomenological theory of cognition. ...
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  2.  12
    Andrei P. Kirilyuk (1997). Universal Concept of Complexity by the Dynamic Redundance Paradigm: Causal Randomness, Complete Wave Mechanics, and the Ultimate Unification of Knowledge. Nauk. Dumka.
    Extended Abstract This book introduces and develops a new, universal method of the scientific comprehension of reality providing the objective, ...
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  3. Mehdi Aminrazavi (1989). Suhrawardi's Theory of Knowledge. Dissertation, Temple University
    Suhrawardi was a Persian philosopher of the 12th century and the founder of the school of "illumination" . He not only critically analyzed the rationalistic philosophy of the Peripatetics but by drawing from a variety of traditions such as Zoroastrianism, Pythagoreans, Hermeticism and Neo-Platonic philosophy he created an entirely new philosophical paradigm whose influence is still strong in many parts of the Islamic world. ;The central task of my thesis was to undertake an indepth and detailed study of Suhrawardi's (...)
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  4.  17
    Veli Verronen (1986). The Growth of Knowledge: An Inquiry Into the Kuhnian Theory. Distributor, Jyväskylän University Library.
  5. Peter Schwartz (1979). The Emergent Paradigm: Changing Patterns of Thought and Belief. Sri International.
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  6. Max Scharnberg (1984). The Myth of Paradigm-Shift, or, How to Lie with Methodology. Distributor, Almqvist & Wiksell International.
     
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  7.  75
    Nicholas Maxwell (1984). From Knowledge to Wisdom: A Revolution in the Aims and Methods of Science. Basil Blackwell.
    This book argues for the need to put into practice a profound and comprehensive intellectual revolution, affecting to a greater or lesser extent all branches of scientific and technological research, scholarship and education. This intellectual revolution differs, however, from the now familiar kind of scientific revolution described by Kuhn. It does not primarily involve a radical change in what we take to be knowledge about some aspect of the world, a change of paradigm. Rather it involves a radical (...)
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  8.  19
    Giorgio Agamben (2009). The Signature of All Things: On Method. Distributed by the MIT Press.
    What is a paradigm? -- Theory of signatures -- Philosophical archeology.
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  9. Vasso P. Kindi (1995). Kuhn'sthe Structure of Scientific Revolutions Revisited. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 26 (1):75 - 92.
    The present paper argues that there is an affinity between Kuhn's "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions" and Wittgenstein's philosophy. It is maintained, in particular, that Kuhn's notion of paradigm draws on such Wittgensteinian concepts as language games, family resemblance, rules, forms of life. It is also claimed that Kuhn's incommensurability thesis is a sequel of the theory of meaning supplied by Wittgenstein's later philosophy. As such its assessment is not fallacious, since it is not an empirical hypothesis and it (...)
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  10. Robin May Schott (1988/1993). Cognition and Eros: A Critique of the Kantian Paradigm. Pennsylvania State University Press.
    In the dissertation I examine the split between cognition and eros in Kant's notion of objectivity, which has become paradigmatic for modern theories about knowledge. I argue that the split between cognition, on the one hand, and feelings and desires, on the other, does not capture the necessary conditions of knowledge, as Kant claims, but involves a suppression of erotic factors of existence. ;The split between pure knowledge and sensual existence in Kant's thought reflects an ascetic tradition (...)
     
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  11.  12
    John Corcoran (1987). Review Of: Garciadiego, A., "Emergence Of...Paradoxes...Set Theory", Historia Mathematica (1985), in Mathematical Reviews 87j:01035. MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS 87 (J):01035.
    DEFINING OUR TERMS A “paradox" is an argumentation that appears to deduce a conclusion believed to be false from premises believed to be true. An “inconsistency proof for a theory" is an argumentation that actually deduces a negation of a theorem of the theory from premises that are all theorems of the theory. An “indirect proof of the negation of a hypothesis" is an argumentation that actually deduces a conclusion known to be false from the hypothesis alone or, more commonly, (...)
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  12.  91
    Hanne Andersen (2006). The Cognitive Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Cambridge University Press.
    Thomas Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions became the most widely read book about science in the twentieth century. His terms 'paradigm' and 'scientific revolution' entered everyday speech, but they remain controversial. In the second half of the twentieth century, the new field of cognitive science combined empirical psychology, computer science, and neuroscience. In this book, the recent theories of concepts developed by cognitive scientists are used to evaluate and extend Kuhn's most influential ideas. Based on case studies of the (...)
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  13. Paul Hoyningen-Huene (1993). Reconstructing Scientific Revolutions: Thomas S. Kuhn's Philosophy of Science. University of Chicago Press.
    Few philosophers of science have influenced as many readers as Thomas S. Kuhn. Yet no comprehensive study of his ideas has existed--until now. In this volume, Paul Hoyningen-Huene examines Kuhn's work over four decades, from the days before The Structure of Scientific Revolutions to the present, and puts Kuhn's philosophical development in a historical framework. Scholars from disciplines as diverse as political science and art history have offered widely differing interpretations of Kuhn's ideas, appropriating his notions of paradigm shifts (...)
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  14.  1
    Mónica Pérez Marín (2010). Ludwik Fleck: forerunner of Thomas Kuhn's thinking. [Spanish]. Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 13:130-149.
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  15.  1
    Christopher Norris (2000). Minding the Gap Epistemology & Philosophy of Science in the Two Traditions.
    In this sweeping volume, Christopher Norris challenges the view that there is no room for productive engagement between mainstream analytic philosophers and thinkers In the post-Kantian continental line of descent. On the contrary, he argues, this view is simply the product of a limiting perspective that accompanied the rise of logical positivism. Norris reveals the various shared concerns that have often been obscured by parochial interests or the desire to stake out separate philosophical territory. He examines the problems that emerged (...)
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  16.  13
    Aant Elzinga (1974). Some Remarks on a Theory of Research in the Work of Aristotle. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 5 (1):9-38.
    Attention to criticism and growth! It appears Aristotle had a dialectical method with two main phases: a) doxographic induction - a form of re-collecting ideas of previous generations; it is related to Plato's anamnesis. b) organisation of knowledge by classification ; it is natural in view of Aristotle's organismic outlook. Against common misconceptions: Aristotle was not anti-empirical, nor anti-critical . Doxographic induction is a prime example of critical and "empirical" methodology. Against Popper: Aristotle's subscription to the ideal of certainty (...)
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  17.  5
    Vasō Kintē & Theodore Arabatzis (eds.) (2012). Kuhn's the Structure of Scientific Revolutions Revisited. Routledge.
    Chiefly proceedings of a conference held in Aug. 2008 in Athens, Greece.
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  18. Michael Bergmann (2006). Justification Without Awareness: A Defense of Epistemic Externalism. Oxford University Press.
    Virtually all philosophers agree that for a belief to be epistemically justified, it must satisfy certain conditions. Perhaps it must be supported by evidence. Or perhaps it must be reliably formed. Or perhaps there are some other "good-making" features it must have. But does a belief's justification also require some sort of awareness of its good-making features? The answer to this question has been hotly contested in contemporary epistemology, creating a deep divide among its practitioners. Internalists, who tend to focus (...)
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  19. Jana Rošker (2012). Traditional Chinese Philsophy and the Paradigm of Structure (Lili). Cambridge Scholars Pub..
     
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  20.  12
    Mark H. Bickhard (2003). Variations in Variation and Selection: The Ubiquity of the Variation-and-Selective-Retention Ratchet in Emergent Organizational Complexity, Part II: Quantum Field Theory. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 8 (3):283-293.
    If the general arguments concerning theinvolvement of variation and selection inexplanations of ``fit'' are valid, then variationand selection explanations should beappropriate, or at least potentiallyappropriate, outside the paradigm historisticdomains of biology and knowledge. In thisdiscussion, I wish to indicate some potentialroles for variation and selection infoundational physics – specifically inquantum field theory. I will not be attemptingany full coherent ontology for quantum fieldtheory – none currently exists, and none islikely for at least the short term future. Instead, I (...)
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  21. James J. Lee & Steven Pinker, Rationales for Indirect Speech: The Theory of the Strategic Speaker.
    Speakers often do not state requests directly but employ innuendos such as Would you like to see my etchings? Though such indirectness seems puzzlingly inefficient, it can be explained by a theory of the strategic speaker, who seeks plausible deniability when he or she is uncertain of whether the hearer is cooperative or antagonistic. A paradigm case is bribing a policeman who may be corrupt or honest: A veiled bribe may be accepted by the former and ignored by the (...)
     
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  22. Erich Von Dietze (2001). Paradigms Explained: Rethinking Thomas Kuhn's Philosophy of Science. Praeger.
  23.  6
    Denisa Butnaru (2012). Crossing Cultures of Knowledge. Schutzian Research 4:79-90.
    The aim of the present article is to draw attention on a historical development in the French sociological tradition. Being a heritage of the Germanintellectual context, the tradition of the comprehensive sociology was not among the main trends in France. Furthermore, the phenomenological orientationin social theory mostly associated with the work of Alfred Schütz was also a side interest until the 1980s. From this decade on, a new paradigm becomesgradually institutionalized, a paradigm which gathers different intellectual and theoretical (...)
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  24. Absar Ahmad (ed.) (1995). Knowledge-Morality Nexus: Challenging the Dominant Paradigm. Concept Media Books.
     
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  25. Susan E. Mehrtens (ed.) (1996). Revisioning Science: Essays Toward a New Knowledge Base for Our Culture. Potlatch Group.
  26. D. Wadada Nabudere (2002). The Epistemological and Methodological Foundations for an All-Inclusive Research Paradigm in the Search for Global Knowledge. African Association of Political Science.
     
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  27.  23
    Douglas S. Robertson (2003). Phase Change: The Computer Revolution in Science and Mathematics. Oxford University Press.
    Robertson's earlier work, The New Renaissance projected the likely future impact of computers in changing our culture. Phase Change builds on and deepens his assessment of the role of the computer as a tool driving profound change by examining the role of computers in changing the face of the sciences and mathematics. He shows that paradigm shifts in understanding in science have generally been triggered by the availability of new tools, allowing the investigator a new way of seeing into (...)
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  28.  25
    Tim Futing Liao (1990). A Unified Three-Dimensional Framework of Theory Construction and Development in Sociology. Sociological Theory 8 (1):85-98.
    Popper's logic of scientific discovery and Kuhn's paradigm switches in science have been considered competing schools of thought in the philosophy of science and the sociology of knowledge. In the present paper the author establishes a unified three-dimensional framework that synthesizes the quintessential ideas of these schools. Theories are tested for confirmation or falsification in the first dimension; their scope conditions are defined and redefined in the second dimension; and they replace their predecessors to become a dominant theory (...)
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  29.  7
    Nico Stehr & Anthony Simmons (1979). The Diversity of Modes of Discourse and the Development of Sociological Knowledge. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 10 (1):141-161.
    This paper presents an analysis of the structure of contemporary sociological knowledge in terms of a theory of scientific discourse. The concept of 'discourse' is introduced as a theoretical refinement of the concept of 'paradigm' and is applied to the classes of knowledge claims of the natural and social sciences. It is concluded that general modes of scientific discourse are definable in terms of their vertical differentiation from everyday discourse, while particular modes of sociological discourse are additionally (...)
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  30.  22
    Rinat Nugayev (2011). Internal Realism and the Objectivity of Scientific Knowledge. Analytica 5:1-35.
    Arguments pro and contra convergent realism – underdetermination of theory by observational evidence and pessimistic meta-induction from past falsity – are considered. It is argued that, to meet the counter-arguments challenge, convergent realism should be considerably changed with a help of modification of the propositions from this meta-programme “hard core” or “protecting belt”. Two well-known convergent realism rivals – “entity realism” of Nancy Cartwright and Ian Hacking and John Worrall’s “structural realism” – are considered. Entity realism’s main drawback is fundamental (...)
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  31.  11
    Søren Brier ( 2004.). Cybersemiotics and the Problems of the Information-Processing Paradigm as a Candidate for a Unified Science of Information Behind Library Information Science. Library Trends 52 (3):629-657.
    As an answer to the humanistic, socially oriented critique of the information-processing paradigms used as a conceptual frame for library information science, this article formulates a broader and less objective concept of communication than that of the information-processing paradigm. Knowledge can be seen as the mental phenomenon that documents (combining signs into text, depending on the state of knowledge of the recipient) can cause through interpretation. The examination of these “correct circumstances” is an important part of information (...)
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  32. Sarah Williams Holtman (1995). Kant, Justice, and the Augmentation of Ideal Theory. Dissertation, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    To isolate, analyze and explain their most basic commitments, theories of justice typically idealize. They assume for theoretical purposes, for example, that human beings possess far greater knowledge than they do, or that society's members strictly comply with just laws. Yet because it falsifies, idealization undermines the practical applicability of an ideal theory's principles. ;Although ideal theories are unsatisfactory as they stand, their fundamental principles may be invaluable in addressing our problems of justice. From such basic principles we may (...)
     
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  33.  20
    Carey S. Clark (2004). Complexity in Nursing Education: Examples of the Paradigm. World Futures 60 (5 & 6):371 – 388.
    Edgar Morin proposed that knowledge construction is best enacted via a complex and circular approach between both the part and the whole, while never enacting a strictly reductionistic or strictly holistic approach. It is the ability to connect and unite the parts within the whole via a dynamic circular process between the parts and whole that frees us from fragmented knowledge and helps us to bridge the gap between our seemingly disparate-competing nursing paradigms. This article examines the benefits (...)
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  34.  14
    Claudine Provencher (2011). Towards A Better Understanding of Cognitive Polyphasia. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (4):377-395.
    Despite its intuitive appeal and the empirical evidence for it, the hypothesis of cognitive polyphasia (Moscovici, 1961/1976/2008) remains largely unexplored. This article attempts to clarify some of the ideas behind this concept by examining its operations at the level of individuals and by proposing a conceptual model that includes some elements of social cognition. Indeed, calls for a rapprochement between the theory of social representations and cognitive psychology have been made by Moscovici, in particular, in his 1984 paper on The (...)
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  35.  2
    Alan W. Richardson & Hans Reichenbach (2006). Experience and Prediction: An Analysis of the Foundations and the Structure of Knowledge. University of Notre Dame Press.
    Hans Reichenbach was a formidable figure in early-twentieth-century philosophy of science. Educated in Germany, he was influential in establishing the so-called Berlin Circle, a companion group to the Vienna Circle founded by his colleague Rudolph Carnap. The movement they founded—usually known as "logical positivism," although it is more precisely known as "scientific philosophy" or "logical empiricism"—was a form of epistemology that privileged scientific over metaphysical truths. Reichenbach, like other young philosophers of the exact sciences of his generation, was deeply impressed (...)
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  36. Jorge Ocampo Ledesma (2007). Paradigmas Tecnológicos, Sujetos Tecnológicos. Ciestaam.
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  37. Mirjam Schaub (2010). Das Singuläre Und Das Exemplarische: Zu Logik Und Praxis der Beispiele in Philosophie Und Ästhetik. Diaphanes.
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  38. Vojko Strahovnik (2005). Robert Audi, The Good in the Right: A Theory of Intuition and Intrinsic Value. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 15:583-589.
    A review article: In his recent book The Good in the Right Robert Audi presents one of the most complete contemporary arguments for moral intuitionism. By clearing-out of unnecessary and out-of-date posits and commitments of traditional intuitionist accounts he manages to establish a moderate (and in a sense also minimal) version of intuitionism that can be further developed metaethically (e.g. Kantian intuitionism, value-based intuitionism) as well as normatively (e.g. by varying the list of prima facie duties). Central posits of his (...)
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  39. Edward Tingley (1995). Game of Knowledge: The Modern Interpretation of Art. Dissertation, University of Ottawa (Canada)
    Summation. A specifically modern approach to the interpretation of art is distinguished, rooted in the insight that cognitivity in interpretation must be oriented by sensitivity to the subject-object paradigm. It is shown that specific modern theory of interpretation has become established in twentieth-century theory and practice. That theory is demonstrated to be a set of interpretative rules. The hidden dependence of those rules on specific conceptions of the nature of a work of art is revealed. Three such conceptions of (...)
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  40.  10
    David Ettingeryand Philippe Jehielz, A Theory of Deception.
    This paper proposes an equilibrium approach to belief manipulation and deception in which agents only have coarse knowledge of their opponent’s strategy. Equilibrium requires the coarse knowledge available to agents to be correct, and the inferences and optimizations to be made on the basis of the simplest theories compatible with the available knowledge. The approach can be viewed as formalizing into a game theoretic setting a well documented bias in social psychology, the Fundamental Attribution Error. It is (...)
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  41. Nicholas Maxwell (2002). The Need for a Revolution in the Philosophy of Science. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 33 (2):381-408.
    There is a need to bring about a revolution in the philosophy of science, interpreted to be both the academic discipline, and the official view of the aims and methods of science upheld by the scientific community. At present both are dominated by the view that in science theories are chosen on the basis of empirical considerations alone, nothing being permanently accepted as a part of scientific knowledge independently of evidence. Biasing choice of theory in the direction of simplicity, (...)
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  42.  8
    Slobodanka Vladiv-Glover (2006). What is Classical and Non-Classical Knowledge? Studies in East European Thought 58 (3):205 - 238.
    Mamardašvili’s ‘classical’ paradigm of knowledge is seen to be minimally based on extrapolations from Descartes’ classical philosophy to which Mamardašvili attributes features that rather anticipate his own post-classical ontology. The latter is oriented towards the primacy of perception as a subjective process, in which the self-conscious subject constructs the world, not as illusion, but as a ‘picture’ or ‘model’ (Wittgenstein’s Bild). By examining Mamardašvili’s definition of the ‘phenomenon’ against the␣background of Husserl’s ‘reduction’, Wittgenstein’s ‘object’ and the Freudian and (...)
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  43. Steven Rendall (ed.) (1996). Shipwreck with Spectator: Paradigm of a Metaphor for Existence. The MIT Press.
    This elegant essay exemplifies Blumenberg's ideas about the ability of the historical study of metaphor to illuminate essential aspects of being human. Originally published in the same year as his monumental Work on Myth, Shipwreck with Spectator traces the evolution of the complex of metaphors related to the sea, to shipwreck, and to the role of the spectator in human culture from ancient Greece to modern times.The sea is one of humanity's oldest metaphors for life, and a sea journey, Blumenberg (...)
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  44.  5
    Ken Wilber (2001). Eye to Eye: The Quest for the New Paradigm. Distributed in the U.S. By Random House.
    In this book Wilber presents a model of consciousness that encompasses empirical, psychological, and spiritual modes of understanding. Wilber examines three realms of knowledge: the empirical realm of the senses, the rational realm of the mind, and the contemplative realm of the spirit. Eye to Eye points the way to a broader, more inclusive understanding of ourselves and the universe.
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  45.  3
    Robert E. Allinson (2002). Space, Time and the Ethical Foundations. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
    In Space, Time and the Ethical Foundations ideas about space and time are developed, unique to the history of philosophy, that match the new physics. A well grounded metaphysics is presented which offers a safe haven between stifling skepticism and wild imagination, and an original philosophical method is demonstrated which sharply demarcates philosophy from the empirical sciences.A new foundation is laid for ethics by grounding ethics on the author's psycho-biological deduction of the emotions that offers a progressive model to replace (...)
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  46.  15
    D. I. Dykstra (2010). Radical Constructivism Has an Answer – But This Answer Is Not an Easy One. Constructivist Foundations 6 (1):22-30.
    Context: In spite of its advantages and its ability to make valid responses to objections, radical constructivism is not mainstream. Problem: Extolling the virtues of radical constructivism and responding logically to the objections does not work. We know this from the evidence of many attempts. Our theoretical stance, radical constructivism, also suggests this approach is not likely to have much influence on realists. We cannot transmit understanding in the signals with which we attempt to communicate. How can we in radical (...)
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  47.  8
    Simon O'Sullivan (2012). On the Production of Subjectivity: Five Diagrams of the Finite-Infinite Relation. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Introduction: contemporary conditions and diagrammatic trajectory -- From joy to the gap: the accessing of the infinite by the finite (Spinoza, Nietzsche, Bergson) -- The care of the self versus the ethics of desire: two diagrams of the production of subjectivity (and of the subject's relation to truth) (Foucault versus Lacan) -- The aesthetic paradigm: from the folding of the finite-infinite relation to schizoanalytic metamodelisation (to biopolitics) (Guattari) -- The strange temporality of the subject: life in-between the infinite and (...)
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  48.  3
    Andrzej Lukomski (2010). Reflexiones acerca del concepto de paradigma. Logos 18:47-53.
    The concept of paradigm postulated by Thomas Kuhn got an important focus within the historical framework of the scientific thinking. This article presents the Martinez proposal which points out on a New Rationality in the context of building a society based on plurality of knowledge. In order to understand this notion, the evolution of the term is involved by emphasizing the understanding of the scientific exercise in the course of history until today, a limit we are trying to (...)
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  49.  39
    Alexandre Muzy, Franck Varenne, Bernard P. Zeigler, Jonathan Caux, Patrick Coquillard, Luc Touraille, Dominique Prunetti, Philippe Caillou, Olivier Michel & David R. C. Hill (2013). Refounding of the Activity Concept? Towards a Federative Paradigm for Modeling and Simulation. Simulation - Transactions of the Society for Modeling and Simulation International 89 (2):156-177.
    Currently, the widely used notion of activity is increasingly present in computer science. However, because this notion is used in specific contexts, it becomes vague. Here, the notion of activity is scrutinized in various contexts and, accordingly, put in perspective. It is discussed through four scientific disciplines: computer science, biology, economics, and epistemology. The definition of activity usually used in simulation is extended to new qualitative and quantitative definitions. In computer science, biology and economics disciplines, the new simulation activity definition (...)
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  50.  5
    Lisa Tsoi Hoshmand & Jack Martin (1994). Naturalizing the Epistemology of Psychological Research. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 14 (2):171-189.
    It is proposed that psychologists need a working theory of knowledge for conceptual and discourse purposes. Arguments are made from a pragmatist view of science for a conception of inquiry practice that may resolve current paradigm conflicts and support a viable methodological pluralism. The suggestion is made that a naturalized approach to research practice, such as historical-descriptive case study, may illuminate the judgments and intentions constitutive of our applied epistemology and methodological choices. Implications of such meta-methodological understanding for (...)
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