Search results for 'Parallelism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Herbert Feigl & Psychophysical Parallelism (2003). Michael Heidelberger. In Paolo Parrini, Wes Salmon & Merrilee Salmon (eds.), Logical Empiricism: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Pittsburgh University Pres 233.
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  2. Karolina Hübner (2015). Spinoza's Parallelism Doctrine and Metaphysical Sympathy. In Eric Schliesser Christa Mercer (ed.), Sympathy: Oxford Philosophical Concepts.
    This paper offers a new interpretation of Spinoza's doctrine of parallelism. It argues Spinoza reinterprets the ancient doctrine of metaphysical sympathy among ostensibly disconnected and distant beings in terms of fully intelligible relations of 1) identity between formal and objective reality, and in terms of 2) "real identity," grounded in Spinoza's substance-monism. Finally, the paper argues against the standard reading of mind-body pairs as "numerically identical".
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  3. Hans Jonas (1986). Parallelism and Complementarity: The Psycho-Physical Problem in Spinoza and in the Succession of Niels Bohr. In Marjorie G. Grene & Debra Nails (eds.), Spinoza and the Sciences. Dordrecht: Kluwer 237--247.
  4. Michael Heidelberger (2003). The Mind-Body Problem in the Origin of Logical Empiricism: Herbert Feigl and Psychophysical Parallelism. In Paolo Parrini, Wes Salmon & Merrilee Salmon (eds.), Logical Empiricism: Historical & Contemporary Perspectives. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press 233--262.
    It is widely held that the current debate on the mind-body problem in analytic philosophy began during the 1950s at two distinct sources: one in America, de- riving from Herbert Feigl's writings, and the other in Australia, related to writings by U. T. Place and J. J. C. Smart (Feigl [1958] 1967). Jaegwon Kim recently wrote that "it was the papers by Smart and Feigl that introduced the mind-body problem as a mainstream metaphysical Problematik of analytical philosophy, and launched the (...)
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  5. Laird Addis (1984). Parallelism, Interactionism, and Causation. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 9 (1):329-344.
    One may gather from the arguments of two of the last papers published before his death that J. L. Mackie held the following three theses concerning the mind/body problem : (1) There is a distinct realm of mental properties, so a dualism of properties at least is true and materialism false.
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  6.  23
    Harold N. Bryant (1995). The Threefold Parallelism of Agassiz and Haeckel, and Polarity Determination in Phylogenetic Systematics. Biology and Philosophy 10 (2):197-217.
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  7.  20
    R. B. A. Wise (1982). The Parallelism of Attributes. Philosophical Papers 11 (October):23-37.
  8. Thierry Lucas (2013). Parallelism in the Early Moist Texts. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 8 (2):289-308.
     
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  9.  3
    Peter Schreiber (1993). A Note on Parallelism in Affine Geometry. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 39 (1):131-132.
    The uniqueness of the parallel lines is independent from the analogous statement on parallel planes and the usual further axioms of three-dimensional affine geometry. MSC: 51A15, 03F65.
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  10. Thomas Natsoulas (1984). Gustav Bergmann's Psychophysiological Parallelism. Behaviorism 12 (1):41-70.
     
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  11. Henri Bergson (2005). Psychophysical Parallelism and Positive Metaphysics. In Continental Philosophy of Science (Blackwell Readings in Continental Philosophy). Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing
  12. Friedrich Kambartel (1999). Remarks on Psycho-Physical Parallelism. In Actions, Norms, Values. Hawthorne: De Gruyter
     
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  13.  31
    Trevor Pearce (2012). Convergence and Parallelism in Evolution: A Neo-Gouldian Account. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (2):429-448.
    Determining whether a homoplastic trait is the result of convergence or parallelism is central to many of the most important contemporary discussions in biology and philosophy: the relation between evolution and development, the importance of constraints on variation, and the role of contingency in evolution. In this article, I show that two recent attempts to draw a black-or-white distinction between convergence and parallelism fail, albeit for different reasons. Nevertheless, I argue that we should not be afraid of gray (...)
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  14.  5
    Yiu-Ming Fung (2012). A Logical Perspective on the Parallelism in Later Moism. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 39 (3):333-350.
    A. C. Graham thinks that the parallelism in the Neo‐Moist Canons is about the deduction of sentences. On the contrary, Chad Hansen thinks that they are not plausibly treated as inference of deductive forms since the later Moists are at pains to show that they can “go wrong.” In this article, I shall try to provide a logical analysis and a constructive rather than defeatist interpretation of parallelism in the text. I argue that the Moists tend to express (...)
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  15.  94
    Michael Heidelberger (2003). The Mind-Body Problem in the Origin of Logical Empiricism: Herbert Feigl and Psychophysical Parallelism. In Paolo Parrini, Wes Salmon & Merrilee Salmon (eds.), Cogprints. Pittsburgh University Pres 233--262.
    In the 19th century, "Psychophysical Parallelism" was the most popular solution of the mind-body problem among physiologists, psychologists and philosophers. (This is not to be mixed up with Leibnizian and other cases of "Cartesian" parallelism.) The fate of this non-Cartesian view, as founded by Gustav Theodor Fechner, is reviewed. It is shown that Feigl's "identity theory" eventually goes back to Alois Riehl who promoted a hybrid version of psychophysical parallelism and Kantian mind-body theory which was taken up (...)
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  16.  32
    N. Asher (2001). Discourse Parallelism, Ellipsis, and Ambiguity. Journal of Semantics 18 (1):1-25.
    In this paper we combine a simple recovery mechanism for ellipsis with a general, discourse account of parallelism to account for a variety of phenomena concerning ellipsis, including Sag's wide scope puzzle and complex examples concerning sloppy identity. Our recovery mechanism requires an identity of logical structure between the recovered material and antecedent in the ellipsis. The recovered material and the antecedent are then interpreted independently in their respective contexts, subject only to the general discourse constraints on parallelism. (...)
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  17.  20
    Mark Israelit & Nathan Rosen (1985). Einstein: Distant Parallelism and Electromagnetism. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 15 (3):365-377.
    Einstein's approach to unified field theories based on the geometry of distant parallelism is discussed. The simplest theory of this type, describing gravitation and electromagnetism, is investigated. It is found that there is a charge-current density vector associated with the geometry. However, in the static spherically symmetric case no singularity-free solutions for this vector exist.
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  18.  5
    Tomoko I. Sakita (2006). Parallelism in Conversation: Resonance, Schematization, and Extension From the Perspective of Dialogic Syntax and Cognitive Linguistics. Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (3):467-501.
    Speakers often construct their utterances based on the immediately co-present utterances of dialogue partners. They array their linguistic resources parallel to their partners¿ and activate resonance. Based on the theories of dialogic syntax and cognitive linguistics, this study undertakes to explain how speakers activate resonance and how parallelism contributes to constructing linguistic forms as well as to shaping the ongoing flow of conversation. Three phases of resonance activation are illustrated in relation to cognitive processes: (a) parallelism constituted with (...)
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  19.  1
    Alberto Cogliati (2015). Variations on a Theme: Clifford’s Parallelism in Elliptic Space. Archive for History of Exact Sciences 69 (4):363-390.
    In 1873, W. K. Clifford introduced a notion of parallelism in the three-dimensional elliptic space that, quite surprisingly, exhibits almost all properties of Euclidean parallelism in ordinary space. The purpose of this paper is to describe the genesis of this notion in Clifford’s works and to provide a historical analysis of its reception in the investigations of F. Klein, L. Bianchi, G. Fubini, and E. Bortolotti. Special emphasis is placed upon the important role that Clifford’s (...) played in the development of the theory of connections. (shrink)
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  20.  4
    Les Holborow (1973). The 'Prejudice in Favour of Psyghophysical Parallelism'. Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 7:193-207.
    Wittgenstein refers to psychophysical parallelism in this apparently prejudiced way in paragraph 611 of Zettel , in the course of a rather remarkable passage. It begins at 605 with the claim that ‘One of the most dangerous ideas for a philosopher is, oddly enough, that we think with our heads or in our heads’. Subsequent sections develop this remark in a way that demonstrates Wittgenstein's rejection of the view that thinking is any sort of process in the head, whether (...)
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  21. David Shier (1993). Russellian Non-Parallelism: Direct Reference Without Anti-Individualism. Dissertation, Wayne State University
    The Direct Reference account of the semantics of singular terms is widely assumed to be inconsistent with the traditional Individualist account of psychological states. Because of this assumption, and because of the weight of the evidence for Direct Reference, Anti-Individualism has found supporters despite its counterintuitiveness. In this dissertation, it is argued that Direct Reference and Individualism are not genuinely inconsistent, but that the inconsistency emerges only with the additional assumption of Propositionalism--the orthodox, proposition-based framework for understanding thought and language. (...)
     
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  22.  3
    William D. Marslen-Wilson (1987). Functional Parallelism in Spoken Word-Recognition. Cognition 25 (1-2):71-102.
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  23.  16
    Danny Fox, Focus, Parallelism and Accommodation.
    It is well-known that constructions involving ellipsis share many properties with constructions that involve phonological reduction. The similarity between ECs and PRCs is semantic: the interpretation of both is constrained by the interpretation of an antecedent. Rooth and Tancredi have pointed out that this similarity follows from an independently needed theory of focus.
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  24.  53
    Michael Kohlhase, Computing Parallelism in Discourse.
    Both Higher-Order Uni cation approaches to In linguistic theories on discourse coherence Kehler, discourse semantics Dalrymple et al., 1991; Shieber et.
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  25.  1
    Amit Dubey, Frank Keller & Patrick Sturt (2008). A Probabilistic Corpus-Based Model of Syntactic Parallelism. Cognition 109 (3):326-344.
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  26. Alfred H. Lloyd (1911). Dualism, Parallelism and Infinitism. Mind 20 (78):212-234.
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  27.  3
    R. W. Kentridge (1990). Parallelism and Patterns of Thought. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):670-671.
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  28.  3
    Philippe Balbiani & Valentin Goranko (2002). Modal Logics for Parallelism, Orthogonality, and Affine Geometries. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 12 (3-4):365-397.
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  29.  22
    Mark Reynolds (1997). A Decidable Temporal Logic of Parallelism. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 38 (3):419-436.
    In this paper we shall introduce a simple temporal logic suitable for reasoning about the temporal aspects of parallel universes, parallel processes, distributed systems, or multiple agents. We will use a variant of the mosaic method to prove decidability of this logic. We also show that the logic does not have the finite model property. This shows that the mosaic method is sometimes a stronger way of establishing decidability.
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  30. Amit Dubey, Frank Keller & Patrick Sturt (2009). A Probabilistic Corpus-Based Model of Parallelism. Cognition 109 (2):193-210.
     
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  31.  11
    Michel Biezunski (1989). Inside the Coconut: The Einstein-Cartan Discussion on Distant Parallelism. In D. Howard & John Stachel (eds.), Einstein and the History of General Relativity. Birkhäuser 1--315.
  32.  3
    William Coleman (1973). Limits of the Recapitulation Theory: Carl Friedrich Kielmeyer's Critique of the Presumed Parallelism of Earth History, Ontogeny, and the Present Order of Organisms. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 64:341-350.
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  33.  7
    William M. Ramsey (1989). Parallelism and Functionalism. Cognitive Science 13 (1):139-144.
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  34.  27
    Eddy M. Zemach (1971). Thirteen Ways of Looking at the Ethics-Aesthetics Parallelism. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 29 (3):391-398.
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  35.  56
    Henryk Mehlberg (1995). On Psychophysical Parallelism. Axiomathes 6 (1):39-57.
  36.  7
    John F. McCormick (1926). Psycho-Physical Parallelism. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 2:51-66.
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  37.  21
    Jan von Plato (1997). Formalization of Hilbert's Geometry of Incidence and Parallelism. Synthese 110 (1):127-141.
    Three things are presented: How Hilbert changed the original construction postulates of his geometry into existential axioms; In what sense he formalized geometry; How elementary geometry is formalized to present day's standards.
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  38.  45
    George Trumbull Ladd (1903). Brief Critique of "Psycho-Physical Parallelism". Mind 12 (47):374-380.
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  39.  10
    Vijay Mascarenhas (1998). Consciousness, Representation, Thought and Extension: An Interpretation of Monistic Parallelism in the Philosophy of Baruch Spinoza. Studia Spinozana: An International and Interdisciplinary Series 14:92-110.
  40.  2
    Michael Conrad (1996). Percolation and Collapse of Quantum Parallelism: A Model of Qualia and Choice. In S. Hamreoff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness. MIT Press 469--492.
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  41.  10
    Terry Boswell (1990). The Brothers James and John Bernoulli on the Parallelism Between Logic and Algebra. History and Philosophy of Logic 11 (2):173-184.
    A short seventeenth-century text, sometimes cited as one of the first essays in mathematical logic, is introduced, translated and evaluated. Although by no means sharing the depth and magnitude of the investigations by Leibniz being undertaken at the same time, and although in particular not yet applying algebraic symbolism to logical structures, the treatise is of historical interest as an early published attempt to trace out analogies between logical and mathematical form, and may be viewed as a preliminary step toward (...)
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  42.  23
    Albert G. A. Balz (1935). Some Historical Steps Towards Parallelism. Philosophical Review 44 (6):544-566.
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  43.  23
    Robert A. M. Gregson (2000). Chaotic Dynamics and Psychophysical Parallelism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):541-542.
    An impressive review of brain neurophysiology provides the basis for modelling the dynamics of transmission in neural circuits, using appropriate nonlinear mathematics. The coverage is unbalanced, however: the parallel dynamics at the level of behaviour and sensory-cognitive processes are sparsely addressed, so the final chapter fails to indicate the complexity and subtlety of relevant modern work.
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  44.  5
    Lois K. Smedick (1979). Parallelism and Pointing in Rolle's Rhythmical Style. Mediaeval Studies 41 (1):404-467.
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  45.  22
    Alfred H. Lloyd (1917). Psychophysical Parallelism: A Psychological Episode in History. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 14 (21):561-570.
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  46.  19
    Patricia Ann Fleming (1990). Paul Ricoeur's Methodological Parallelism. Human Studies 13 (3):221 - 236.
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  47.  2
    J. A. N. Von Plato (1997). Formalization of Hilbert's Geometry of Incidence and Parallelism. Synthese 110 (1):127-141.
    Three things are presented: How Hilbert changed the original construction postulates of his geometry into existential axioms; In what sense he formalized geometry; How elementary geometry is formalized to present day's standards.
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  48.  18
    H. Heath Bawden (1903). The Functional Theory of Parallelism. Philosophical Review 12 (3):299-319.
  49.  4
    Kaveh L. Afrasiabi (1999). From “The Clash of Civilizations” to “Civilizational Parallelism”. Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1999 (115):109-116.
    Introduction Talking about civilization is like talking about God. While the aim is to gain knowledge, often the result is only greater obscurity. What is at issue may not be really a concept, but nothing at all. Yet, concepts have their own history, and the UN's inauguration of 2001 as the year of the “dialogue of civilizations,” not to mention recent ethno-religious conflicts, has generated new interest in “civilizational” questions—despite the fact that this runs counter to the postmodern aversion to (...)
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  50.  18
    George Trumbull Ladd (1903). Brief Critique of "Psycho-Physical Parallelism". Mind 12 (47):374-380.
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