Search results for 'Parallelism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Herbert Feigl & Psychophysical Parallelism (2003). Michael Heidelberger. In Paolo Parrini, Wes Salmon & Merrilee Salmon (eds.), Logical Empiricism: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Pittsburgh University Pres. 233.score: 30.0
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  2. Harold N. Bryant (1995). The Threefold Parallelism of Agassiz and Haeckel, and Polarity Determination in Phylogenetic Systematics. Biology and Philosophy 10 (2):197-217.score: 18.0
    A parallel exists between the threefold parallelism of Agassiz and Haeckel and the three valid methods of polarity determination in phylogenetic systematics. The structural gradation among taxa within a linear hierarchy, ontogenetic recapitulation, and geological succession of the threefold parallelism resemble outgroup comparison, the ontogenetic method, and the paleontological method, respectively, which are methods of polarity determination in phylogenetic systematics. The parallel involves expected congruence among similar components of the distribution of character states among organisms. The threefold (...) is a manifestation of a world view based on linear hierarchies, whereas polarity determination is part of the methodology of phylogenetic systematics which assumes that organisms are grouped into a nested hierarchy. The threefold parallelism facilitated the ranking of previously established taxa into linear hierarchies consisting mostly of paraphyletic groups. In contrast, methods of polarity determination identify apomorphies that determine and diagnose monophyletic taxa (clades) in the nested genealogical hierarchy. Taxa in linear hierarchies are defined by sets of character states, whereas clades are defined by common ancestry. Although the threefold parallelism was ostensibly abandoned with the rejection of Haeckel''s biogenetic law, some of its components continue to facilitate the progressive scenarios that are common in evolutionary thought. Although a general view of progression in organismal history may be invalid, the progressive or directional sequence of character state changes that results in the characterization of a particular clade has considerable heuristic value. Agassiz''s ostensibly nested hierarchy and other pre-Darwinian classifications do not provide support for the view that the natural system can be discovered without recourse to the principle of common descent. (shrink)
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  3. Michael Heidelberger (2003). The Mind-Body Problem in the Origin of Logical Empiricism: Herbert Feigl and Psychophysical Parallelism. In Paolo Parrini, Wes Salmon & Merrilee Salmon (eds.), Logical Empiricism: Historical & Contemporary Perspectives. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. 233--262.score: 15.0
    It is widely held that the current debate on the mind-body problem in analytic philosophy began during the 1950s at two distinct sources: one in America, de- riving from Herbert Feigl's writings, and the other in Australia, related to writings by U. T. Place and J. J. C. Smart (Feigl [1958] 1967). Jaegwon Kim recently wrote that "it was the papers by Smart and Feigl that introduced the mind-body problem as a mainstream metaphysical Problematik of analytical philosophy, and launched the (...)
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  4. Hans Jonas (1986). Parallelism and Complementarity. In Marjorie G. Grene & Debra Nails (eds.), Spinoza and the Sciences. Dordrecht: Kluwer.score: 15.0
  5. Laird Addis (1984). Parallelism, Interactionism, and Causation. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 9 (1):329-344.score: 15.0
    One may gather from the arguments of two of the last papers published before his death that J. L. Mackie held the following three theses concerning the mind/body problem : (1) There is a distinct realm of mental properties, so a dualism of properties at least is true and materialism false.
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  6. R. B. A. Wise (1982). The Parallelism of Attributes. Philosophical Papers 11 (October):23-37.score: 15.0
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  7. Peter Schreiber (1993). A Note on Parallelism in Affine Geometry. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 39 (1):131-132.score: 15.0
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  8. Thierry Lucas (2013). Parallelism in the Early Moist Texts. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 8 (2):289-308.score: 15.0
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  9. Thomas Natsoulas (1984). Gustav Bergmann's Psychophysiological Parallelism. Behaviorism 12 (1):41-70.score: 15.0
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  10. Henri Bergson (2005). Psychophysical Parallelism and Positive Metaphysics. In Continental Philosophy of Science (Blackwell Readings in Continental Philosophy). Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing.score: 15.0
  11. Friedrich Kambartel (1999). Remarks on Psycho-Physical Parallelism. In Actions, Norms, Values. Hawthorne: De Gruyter.score: 15.0
     
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  12. N. Asher (2001). Discourse Parallelism, Ellipsis, and Ambiguity. Journal of Semantics 18 (1):1-25.score: 12.0
    In this paper we combine a simple recovery mechanism for ellipsis with a general, discourse account of parallelism to account for a variety of phenomena concerning ellipsis, including Sag's wide scope puzzle and complex examples concerning sloppy identity. Our recovery mechanism requires an identity of logical structure between the recovered material and antecedent in the ellipsis. The recovered material and the antecedent are then interpreted independently in their respective contexts, subject only to the general discourse constraints on parallelism. (...)
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  13. Trevor Pearce (2012). Convergence and Parallelism in Evolution: A Neo-Gouldian Account. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (2):429-448.score: 12.0
    Determining whether a homoplastic trait is the result of convergence or parallelism is central to many of the most important contemporary discussions in biology and philosophy: the relation between evolution and development, the importance of constraints on variation, and the role of contingency in evolution. In this article, I show that two recent attempts to draw a black-or-white distinction between convergence and parallelism fail, albeit for different reasons. Nevertheless, I argue that we should not be afraid of gray (...)
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  14. Mark Israelit & Nathan Rosen (1985). Einstein: Distant Parallelism and Electromagnetism. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 15 (3):365-377.score: 12.0
    Einstein's approach to unified field theories based on the geometry of distant parallelism is discussed. The simplest theory of this type, describing gravitation and electromagnetism, is investigated. It is found that there is a charge-current density vector associated with the geometry. However, in the static spherically symmetric case no singularity-free solutions for this vector exist.
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  15. Danny Fox, Focus, Parallelism and Accommodation.score: 12.0
    It is well-known that constructions involving ellipsis (i.e. construction in which semantically interpreted material is not realized phonologically, henceforth ECs) share many properties with constructions that involve phonological reduction (in which semantically interpreted material is realized phonologically but in a reduced form, henceforth PRCs). (See, among others, Lasnik 1972, Chomsky and Lasnik 1993, Rooth 1992 and Tancredi 1992.) The similarity between ECs and PRCs is semantic: the interpretation of both is constrained by the interpretation of an antecedent ( (...)). Rooth and Tancredi have pointed out that this similarity follows from an independently needed theory of focus. (shrink)
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  16. Tomoko I. Sakita (2006). Parallelism in Conversation: Resonance, Schematization, and Extension From the Perspective of Dialogic Syntax and Cognitive Linguistics. Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (3):467-501.score: 12.0
    Speakers often construct their utterances based on the immediately co-present utterances of dialogue partners. They array their linguistic resources parallel to their partners¿ and activate resonance. Based on the theories of dialogic syntax and cognitive linguistics, this study undertakes to explain how speakers activate resonance and how parallelism contributes to constructing linguistic forms as well as to shaping the ongoing flow of conversation. Three phases of resonance activation are illustrated in relation to cognitive processes: (a) parallelism constituted with (...)
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  17. Christian Thomas Kohl (2007). Buddhism and Quantum Physics. A Strange Parallelism of Two Concepts of Reality. Contemporary Buddhism 8 (1):69-82.score: 9.0
    Rudyard Kipling, the famous English author of The 'Jungle Book', born in India, wrote one day these words: 'Oh, East is East and West is West, and never the twain shall meet'. In my Essay I show that Kipling was not completely right. I try to show the common ground between Buddhist philosophy and quantum physics. There is a surprising paralelism between the philosophical concept of reality articulated by Nagarjuna and the physical concept of reality implied by quantum physics. For (...)
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  18. Yitzhak Y. Melamed (2013). Spinoza's Metaphysics of Thought: Parallelisms and the Multifaceted Structure of Ideas. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 86 (3):636-683.score: 9.0
    In this paper, I suggest an outline of a new interpretation of core issues in Spinoza’s metaphysics and philosophy of mind. I argue for three major theses. (1) In the first part of the paper I show that the celebrated Spinozistic doctrine commonly termed “the doctrine of parallelism” is in fact a confusion of two separate and independent doctrines of parallelism. Hence, I argue that our current understanding of Spinoza’s metaphysics and philosophy of mind is fundamentally flawed. (2) (...)
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  19. John Morrison (2013). The Relation Between Conception and Causation in Spinoza's Metaphysics. Philosophers' Imprint 13 (3):1-17.score: 9.0
    Conception and causation are fundamental notions in Spinoza's metaphysics. I argue against the orthodox view that, due to the causal axiom, if one thing is conceived through another thing, then the second thing causes the first thing. My conclusion forces us to rethink Spinoza's entitlement to some of his core commitments, including the principle of sufficient reason, the parallelism doctrine and the conatus doctrine.
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  20. Henryk Mehlberg (1995). On Psychophysical Parallelism. Axiomathes 6 (1):39-57.score: 9.0
  21. Russell Powell (2012). Convergent Evolution and the Limits of Natural Selection. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 2 (3):355-373.score: 9.0
    Stephen Jay Gould argued that replaying the “tape of life” would result in a radically different evolutionary outcome. Some biologists and philosophers, however, have pointed to convergent evolution as evidence for robust replicability in macroevolution. These authors interpret homoplasy, or the independent origination of similar biological forms, as evidence for the power of natural selection to guide form toward certain morphological attractors, notwithstanding the diversionary tendencies of drift and the constraints of phylogenetic inertia. In this paper, I consider the implications (...)
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  22. Alfred H. Lloyd (1911). Dualism, Parallelism and Infinitism. Mind 20 (78):212-234.score: 9.0
  23. Yitzhak Y. Melamed (2013). Spinoza's Metaphysics: Substance and Thought. Oxford University Press.score: 9.0
    This book is comprised of two parts. The first four chapters concentrate on the metaphysics of substance, while the last two address Spinoza’s metaphysics of thought. These two parts are closely connected, and several crucial claims in the last two chapters rely on arguments advanced in the first four. I intentionally use the term ‘metaphysics of thought’ rather than ‘philosophy of mind’ for two main reasons. First, the domain of thought in Spinoza is far more extensive than anything associated with (...)
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  24. Robert A. M. Gregson (2000). Chaotic Dynamics and Psychophysical Parallelism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):541-542.score: 9.0
    An impressive review of brain neurophysiology provides the basis for modelling the dynamics of transmission in neural circuits, using appropriate nonlinear mathematics. The coverage is unbalanced, however: the parallel dynamics at the level of behaviour and sensory-cognitive processes are sparsely addressed, so the final chapter fails to indicate the complexity and subtlety of relevant modern work.
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  25. Alfred H. Lloyd (1917). Psychophysical Parallelism: A Psychological Episode in History. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 14 (21):561-570.score: 9.0
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  26. Albert G. A. Balz (1935). Some Historical Steps Towards Parallelism. Philosophical Review 44 (6):544-566.score: 9.0
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  27. George Trumbull Ladd (1903). Brief Critique of "Psycho-Physical Parallelism". Mind 12 (47):374-380.score: 9.0
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  28. Eddy M. Zemach (1971). Thirteen Ways of Looking at the Ethics-Aesthetics Parallelism. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 29 (3):391-398.score: 9.0
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  29. H. Heath Bawden (1903). The Functional Theory of Parallelism. Philosophical Review 12 (3):299-319.score: 9.0
  30. Jan von Plato (1997). Formalization of Hilbert's Geometry of Incidence and Parallelism. Synthese 110 (1):127-141.score: 9.0
    Three things are presented: How Hilbert changed the original construction postulates of his geometry into existential axioms; In what sense he formalized geometry; How elementary geometry is formalized to present day's standards.
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  31. Terry Boswell (1990). The Brothers James and John Bernoulli on the Parallelism Between Logic and Algebra. History and Philosophy of Logic 11 (2):173-184.score: 9.0
    A short seventeenth-century text, sometimes cited as one of the first essays in mathematical logic, is introduced, translated and evaluated. Although by no means sharing the depth and magnitude of the investigations by Leibniz being undertaken at the same time, and although in particular not yet applying algebraic symbolism to logical structures, the treatise is of historical interest as an early published attempt to trace out analogies between logical and mathematical form, and may be viewed as a preliminary step toward (...)
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  32. Jan Platvono (1997). Formalization of Hilbert's Geometry of Incidence and Parallelism. Synthese 110 (1):127-141.score: 9.0
    Three things are presented: How Hilbert changed the original construction postulates of his geometry into existential axioms; In what sense he formalized geometry; How elementary geometry is formalized to present day's standards.
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  33. Leon M. Solomons (1899). The Alleged Proof of Parallelism From the Conservation of Energy. Philosophical Review 8 (2):146-165.score: 9.0
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  34. Mark Reynolds (1997). A Decidable Temporal Logic of Parallelism. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 38 (3):419-436.score: 9.0
    In this paper we shall introduce a simple temporal logic suitable for reasoning about the temporal aspects of parallel universes, parallel processes, distributed systems, or multiple agents. We will use a variant of the mosaic method to prove decidability of this logic. We also show that the logic does not have the finite model property. This shows that the mosaic method is sometimes a stronger way of establishing decidability.
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  35. J. Westenberg (1938). Parallelism and Non-Parallelism in Homology. Acta Biotheoretica 4 (1).score: 9.0
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  36. George Trumbull Ladd (1903). Brief Critique of "Psycho-Physical Parallelism". Mind 12 (47):374-380.score: 9.0
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  37. H. Wildon Carr (1910). The Theory of Psycho-Physical Parallelism as a Working Hypothesis in Psychology. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 11:129 - 143.score: 9.0
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  38. Houghton Dalrymple (1986). Kemp Smith, Hume and the Parallelism Between Reason and Morality. Hume Studies 12 (1):77-91.score: 9.0
  39. Les Holborow (1973). The 'Prejudice in Favour of Psyghophysical Parallelism'. Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 7:193-207.score: 9.0
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  40. Hans Jonas (1986). Parallelism and Complementarity: The Psycho-Physical Problem in Spinoza and in the Succession of Niels Bohr. In. In Marjorie G. Grene & Debra Nails (eds.), Spinoza and the Sciences. Dordrecht: Kluwer. 237--247.score: 9.0
  41. R. W. Kentridge (1990). Parallelism and Patterns of Thought. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):670-671.score: 9.0
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  42. Jakób Liszka (1977). James's Psycho-Physical Parallelism and the Question of the Self in the Principles of Psychology. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 8 (1):66-80.score: 9.0
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  43. Patricia Ann Fleming (1990). Paul Ricoeur's Methodological Parallelism. Human Studies 13 (3):221 - 236.score: 9.0
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  44. Robyn Gaier (2008). On the Reconciliation of the Spinozistic Doctrines of the Eternality of the Mind and Monistic Parallelism. Southwest Philosophy Review 24 (1):211-218.score: 9.0
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  45. C. R. Haines (1915). Note on the Parallelism Between the Prometheus Vinctus of Aeschylus and the Antigone of Sophocles. The Classical Review 29 (01):8-10.score: 9.0
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  46. Vijay Mascarenhas (1998). Consciousness, Representation, Thought and Extension: An Interpretation of Monistic Parallelism in the Philosophy of Baruch Spinoza. Studia Spinozana: An International and Interdisciplinary Series 14:92-110.score: 9.0
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  47. Philippe Balbiani & Valentin Goranko (2002). Modal Logics for Parallelism, Orthogonality, and Affine Geometries. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 12 (3-4):365-397.score: 9.0
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  48. Amit Dubey, Frank Keller & Patrick Sturt (2008). A Probabilistic Corpus-Based Model of Syntactic Parallelism. Cognition 109 (3):326-344.score: 9.0
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  49. M. Gams (1997). AI Progress, Massive Parallelism and Humility. In Matjaz Gams (ed.), Mind Versus Computer: Were Dreyfus and Winograd Right? Amsterdam: Ios Press. 43--9.score: 9.0
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