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Derek Parfit [47]Derek A. Parfit [5]D. Parfit [1]
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Profile: Derek Parfit (Oxford University)
  1. Derek Parfit (forthcoming). Climbing the Mountain. Oxford University Press.
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  2. Derek Parfit (2013). On What Matters: Volume Two. Oup Oxford.
    This is the second volume of a major new work in moral philosophy. It starts with critiques of Derek Parfit's work by four eminent moral philosophers, and his responses. The largest part of the volume is a self-contained monograph on normativity. The final part comprises seven new essays on Kant, reasons, and why the universe exists.
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  3. Derek Parfit (2012). Another Defence of the Priority View. Utilitas 24 (03):399-440.
    This article discusses the relation between prioritarian and egalitarian principles, whether and why we need to appeal to both kinds of principle, how prioritarians can answer various objections, especially those put forward by Michael Otsuka and Alex Voorhoeve, the moral difference between cases in which our acts could affect only one person or two or more people, veil of ignorance contractualism and utilitarianism, what prioritarians should claim about cases in which the effects of our acts are uncertain, the relative moral (...)
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  4. Derek Parfit (2012). We Are Not Human Beings. Philosophy 87 (01):5-28.
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  5. Derek Parfit & On What Matters (2012). 2 Bände, 1365 s., Oxford university press, Oxford ua 2011. In seinem ersten Buch Reasons and Per-sons, das zu recht als eines der großen. [REVIEW] Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 66:2.
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  6. Derek Parfit (2011). On What Matters. Oxford University Press.
    On What Matters is already the most-discussed work in moral philosophy: its publication is likely to establish it as a modern classic which everyone working on ...
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  7. Derek Parfit (2011). On What Matters: Volume One. OUP Oxford.
    On What Matters is a major work in moral philosophy. It is the long-awaited follow-up to Derek Parfit's 1984 book Reasons and Persons, one of the landmarks of twentieth-century philosophy. In this first volume Parfit presents a powerful new treatment of reasons and rationality, and a critical examination of three systematic moral theories -- Kant's ethics, contractualism, and consequentialism -- leading to his own ground-breaking synthetic conclusion. Along the way he discusses a wide range of moral issues, such as the (...)
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  8. Derek Parfit (2011). On What Matters: Two-Volume Set. OUP Oxford.
    On What Matters is a major work in moral philosophy. It is the long-awaited follow-up to Derek Parfit's 1984 book Reasons and Persons, one of the landmarks of twentieth-century philosophy. Parfit now presents a powerful new treatment of reasons, rationality, and normativity, and a critical examination of three systematic moral theories - Kant's ethics, contractualism, and consequentialism - leading to his own ground-breaking synthetic conclusion. Along the way he discusses a wide range of moral issues, such as the significance of (...)
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  9. Derek Parfit (2008). Persons, Bodies, and Human Beings. In Theodore Sider, John Hawthorne & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Metaphysics. Blackwell Pub..
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  10. Derek Parfit (2006). Kant's Arguments for His Formula of Universal Law. In Christine Sypnowich (ed.), The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen. Oup Oxford.
  11. Derek Parfit (2006). Normativity. Oxford Studies in Metaethics 1:325-80.
     
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  12. Krister Bykvist, Garrett Cullity, Åsa Carlson, Johan Brännmark, Klemens Kappel, Ulrik Kihlbom, Ian Law, Hans Mathlein, Derek Parfit & Ingmar Persson (2005). A Distinction in Value: Intrinsic and for its Own Sake1. In Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen & Michael J. Zimmerman (eds.), Recent Work on Intrinsic Value. Springer. 115.
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  13. Margaret A. Boden, Richard B. Brandt, Peter Caldwell, Fred Feldman, John Martin Fischer, Richard Hare, David Hume, W. D. Joske, Immanuel Kant, Frederick Kaufman, James Lenman, John Leslie, Steven Luper-Foy, Michaelis Michael, Thomas Nagel, Robert Nozick, Derek Parfit, George Pitcher, Stephen E. Rosenbaum, David Schmidtz, Arthur Schopenhauer, David B. Suits, Richard Taylor & Bernard Williams (2004). Life, Death, and Meaning: Key Philosophical Readings on the Big Questions. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  14. Derek Parfit (2004). Dlaczego cokolwiek istnieje? Dlaczego właśnie to? Roczniki Filozoficzne 52 (1):331-358.
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  15. Derek Parfit (2004). Overpopulation and the Quality of Life. In J. Ryberg & T. Tännsjö (eds.), The Repugnant Conclusion. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 7-22.
    How many people should there be? Can there be overpopulation: too many people living? I shall present a puzzling argument about these questions, show how this argument can be strengthened, then sketch a possible reply.
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  16. Derek Parfit (2004). Postscript. In Jesper Ryberg & Torbjörn Tännsjö (eds.), The Repugnant Conclusion: Essays on Population Ethics.
    The reasoning in this anthology shows how hard it is to form acceptable theories in cases that involve different numbers of people. That's highly important. And it gives us ground for worry about our appeal to particular theories in the other two kinds of case: those which involve the same numbers, in the different outcomes, though these are not all the same people, and those which do involve all and only the same people. But there is still a clear distinction (...)
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  17. Derek Parfit (2004). Why Anything? Why This? In Tim Crane & Katalin Farkas (eds.), Metaphysics: A Guide and Anthology. Oup Oxford.
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  18. Derek Parfit (2003). Justifiability to Each Person. Ratio 16 (4):368–390.
    sonable, in this sense, if we ignore, or give too little weight to, some other people's well-being or moral claims.' Some critics have suggested that, because Scanlon appeals to this sense of 'reasonable', his formula is empty. On this objection, whenever we believe that some act is wrong, we shall believe that people have moral claims not to be treated in this way. We could therefore argue that such acts are disallowed by some principle which no one could reasonably reject, (...)
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  19. Derek Parfit (2003). Why Our Identity is Not What Matters. In Raymond Martin & John Barresi (eds.), Personal Identity. Blackwell. 115--143.
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  20. Derek Parfit (2002). Reductionism and Personal Identity. In David J. Chalmers (ed.), Philosophy of Mind: Contemporary Readings. OUP. 655-51.
  21. Derek Parfit, What We Could Rationally Will. The Tanner Lectures on Human Values.
    DEREK PARFIT is senior research fellow at All Souls College, Oxford. He regularly teaches there and is also afŠliated with New York University and Harvard. He was educated at Oxford and was a Harkness Fellow at Columbia and Harvard. He has been a visiting professor at Princeton, Temple, Rice, and the University of Colorado at Boulder, and is a fellow of the British Academy and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has made major contributions to our understanding (...)
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  22. Derek Parfit (2001). Bombs and Coconuts, or Rational Irrationality. In Christopher W. Morris & Arthur Ripstein (eds.), Practical Rationality and Preference: Essays for David Gauthier. Cambridge University Press. 81--97.
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  23. Derek A. Parfit (1999). Experiences, Subjects, and Conceptual Schemes. Philosophical Topics 26 (1/2):217-70.
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  24. Derek Parfit (1997). Equality and Priority. Ratio 10 (3):202–221.
  25. Derek Parfit (1997). Reasons and Motivation. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):99–130.
    When we have a normative reason, and we act for that reason, it becomes our motivating reason. But we can have either kind of reason without having the other. Thus, if I jump into the canal, my motivating reason was provided by my belief; but I had no normative reason to jump. I merely thought I did. And, if I failed to notice that the canal was frozen, I had a reason not to jump that, because it was unknown to (...)
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  26. Derek Parfit (1996). Acts and Outcomes: A Reply to Boonin-Vail. Philosophy and Public Affairs 25 (4):308–316.
    Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of J STOR’s Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/about/terms.html. J STOR’s Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non—commercial use.
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  27. Derek Parfit (1996). Przeludnienie a jakość życia. Nowa Krytyka 7.
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  28. Derek Parfit (1995). An Interview with Derek Parfit. Cogito 9 (1995):115-125.
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  29. Derek A. Parfit (1995). The Unimportance of Identity. In H. Harris (ed.), Identity. Oxford University Press. 13-45.
    We can start with some science fiction. Here on Earth, I enter the Teletransporter. When I press some button, a machine destroys my body, while recording the exact states of all my cells. The information is sent by radio to Mars, where another machine makes, out of organic materials, a perfect copy of my body. The person who wakes up on Mars seems to remember living my life up to the moment when I pressed the button, and he is in (...)
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  30. D. Parfit (1994). How Both Human History and the History of Ethics May Just Be Beginning. In Peter Singer (ed.), Ethics. Oxford University Press. 391--393.
     
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  31. Derek Parfit (1994). Czy powołanie kogoś do życia może być dla tej osoby dobrodziejstwem. Nowa Krytyka 5.
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  32. Derek Parfit (1993). The Indeterminacy of Identity: A Reply to Brueckner. Philosophical Studies 70 (1):23 - 33.
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  33. Derek Parfit (1992). Problem braku tożsamości. Nowa Krytyka 3.
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  34. Derek Parfit (1992). The Puzzle of Reality: Why Does the Universe Exist? In Peter van Inwagen & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), Metaphysics: The Big Questions. Blackwell. 418-427.
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  35. Derek Parfit (1991). Equality or Priority? In Matthew Clayton & Andrew Williams (eds.), 1991 Lindley Lecture; 2000 reprinted in The Ideal of Equality. Macmillan. 81-125.
  36. Derek Parfit (1991). Why Does the Universe Exist? The Harvard Review of Philosophy 1 (1):4-5.
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  37. Derek Parfit (1989). Prudencia, moralidad y el Dilema del Prisionero. Diálogo Filosófico 13:4-30.
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  38. Derek Parfit (1987). A Reply to Sterba. Philosophy and Public Affairs 16 (2):193-194.
    I did not, as James Sterba writes, claim to have explained "the asymmetry view." I claimed that, since my suggested explanation makes it impossible to solve the Paradox of Future Individuals, "we must abandon" one of its essential premises (my p. i52). Sterba's main claim is that my suggested explanation "does not so much explain or justify the [asymmetry] view as simply restate it." Is this so? My explanation assumed (W) that an act cannot be wrong if it will not (...)
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  39. Derek A. Parfit (1987). Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons. In Colin Blakemore & Susan A. Greenfield (eds.), Mindwaves. Blackwell.
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  40. Derek Parfit (1986). Comments. Ethics 96 (4):832-872.
  41. Derek A. Parfit (1984). Reasons and Persons. Oxford University Press.
    Challenging, with several powerful arguments, some of our deepest beliefs about rationality, morality, and personal identity, Parfit claims that we have a false view about our own nature. It is often rational to act against our own best interersts, he argues, and most of us have moral views that are self-defeating. We often act wrongly, although we know there will be no one with serious grounds for complaint, and when we consider future generations it is very hard to avoid conclusions (...)
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  42. Derek Parfit (1983). Rationality and Time. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 84:47 - 82.
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  43. Derek Parfit (1982). Future Generations: Further Problems. Philosophy and Public Affairs 11 (2):113-172.
  44. Derek Parfit (1982). Personal Identity and Rationality. Synthese 53 (2):227-241.
    There are two main views about the nature of personal identity. I shall briehy describe these views, say without argument which I believe to be true, and then discuss the implications of this view for one of the main conceptions of rationality. This conception I shall call "C1assical Prudence." I shall argue that, on what I believe to be the true view about personal identity, Classical Prudence is indefensible.
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  45. Derek Parfit (1981). Correspondence. Philosophy and Public Affairs 10 (2):180-181.
    An act utilitarian tries to maximize expected utility. This is the sum of possible benefits, minus possible costs, with each benefit or cost multiplied by the chance that his act will produce it. Two recent essays claim that, in this calculation, the act utilitarian should ignore very tiny chances. If this is so, he will have no reason to vote, support revolutionary movements, or contribute to countless other public..
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  46. Derek Parfit (1979). Correspondence. Philosophy and Public Affairs 8 (4):395-397.
    An act utilitarian tries to maximize expected utility. This is the sum of possible benefits, minus possible costs, with each benefit or cost multiplied by the chance that his act will produce it. Two recent essays claim that, in this calculation, the act utilitarian should ignore very tiny chances. If this is so, he will have no reason to vote, support revolutionary movements, or contribute to countless other public..
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  47. Derek Parfit (1979). Is Common-Sense Morality Self-Defeating? Journal of Philosophy 76 (10):533-545.
    Marxist "instrumentalism": that is, the dominant economic class creates and imposes the non-economic conditions for and instruments of its continued economic dominance. The only dispute — as I claimed above, page 531 — is whether or not to call these functional prerequisites, explained in the way just outlined, "socially primary." There is disagreement over the use of terms like 'primary' and 'primacy', but no substantive disagreement; that is, no disagreement about there being non-economic social conditions required for social reproduction, and (...)
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  48. Derek Parfit (1978). Innumerate Ethics. Philosophy and Public Affairs 7 (4):285-301.
    Suppose that we can help either one person or many others. Is it a reason t0 help the many that We should thus be helping more people? John Taurek thinks not. We may learn from his arguments.
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  49. Derek Parfit (1976). Lewis, Perry, and What Matters. In Amelie Oksenberg Rorty (ed.), The Identities of Persons. University of California Press.
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  50. Derek A. Parfit (1973). Later Selves and Moral Principles. In A. Montefiore (ed.), Philosophy and Personal Relations. Routledge and Kegan Paul.
     
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