Search results for 'Pathology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. James A. Woodbridge & Bradley Armour-Garb (2008). The Pathology of Validity. Synthese 160 (1):63 - 74.score: 18.0
    Stephen Read has presented an argument for the inconsistency of the concept of validity. We extend Read’s results and show that this inconsistency is but one half of a larger problem. Like the concept of truth, validity is infected with what we call semantic pathology, a condition that actually gives rise to two symptoms: inconsistency and indeterminacy. After sketching the basic ideas behind semantic pathology and explaining how it manifests both symptoms in the concept of truth, we present (...)
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  2. Samantha Matherne (2014). The Kantian Roots of Merleau-Ponty's Account of Pathology. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (1):124-149.score: 18.0
    One of the more striking aspects of Maurice Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception (1945) is his use of psychological case studies in pathology. For Merleau-Ponty, a philosophical interpretation of phenomena like aphasia and psychic blindness promises to shed light not just on the nature of pathology, but on the nature of human existence more generally. In this paper, I show that although Merleau-Ponty is surely a pioneer in this use of pathology, his work is deeply indebted to an (...)
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  3. Bradley Armour-Garb & James A. Woodbridge (2012). Liars, Truthtellers and Naysayers: A Broader View of Semantic Pathology I. Language and Communication 32 (4):293-311.score: 18.0
    Semantic pathology is most widely recognized in the liar paradox, where an apparent inconsistency arises in ‘‘liar sentences’’ and their ilk. But the phenomenon of semantic pathology also manifests a sibling symptom—an apparent indeterminacy—which, while not largely discussed (save for the occasional nod to ‘‘truthteller sentences’’), is just as pervasive as, and exactly parallels, the symptom of inconsistency. Moreover, certain ‘‘dual symptom’’ cases, which we call naysayers, exhibit both inconsistency and indeterminacy and also manifest a higher-order indeterminacy between (...)
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  4. Joseph Hilgard, Christopher R. Engelhardt & Bruce D. Bartholow (2013). Individual Differences in Motives, Preferences, and Pathology in Video Games: The Gaming Attitudes, Motives, and Experiences Scales (GAMES). Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 16.0
    A new measure of individual habits and preferences in video game use is developed in order to better study the risk factors of pathological game use (i.e., excessively frequent or prolonged use, sometimes called “game addiction”). This measure was distributed to internet message boards for game enthusiasts and to college undergraduates. An exploratory factor analysis identified 9 factors: Story, Violent Catharsis, Violent Reward, Social Interaction, Escapism, Loss-Sensitivity, Customization, Grinding, and Autonomy. These factors demonstrated excellent fit in a subsequent confirmatory factor (...)
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  5. Josef Parnas (2004). Belief and Pathology of Self-Awareness: A Phenomenological Contribution to the Classification of Delusions. Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (10-11):148-161.score: 15.0
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  6. Jaime Rodriguez‐Canales, Franziska C. Eberle, Elaine S. Jaffe & Michael R. Emmert‐Buck (2011). Why is It Crucial to Reintegrate Pathology Into Cancer Research? Bioessays 33 (7):490-498.score: 15.0
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  7. Cecil W. Mann (1951). The Effects of Auditory-Vestibular Nerve Pathology on Space Perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (6):450.score: 15.0
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  8. R. E. Holliman, J. D. Johnson & O. Adjei (2006). The Objective Assessment of International Collaboration Between Pathology Laboratories. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (1):1-7.score: 15.0
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  9. Frank Stahnisch (2012). Medicine, Life and Function: Experimental Strategies and Medical Modernity at the Intersection of Pathology and Physiology. Project Verlag.score: 15.0
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  10. Joel Anderson (forthcoming). Autonomy Gaps as a Social Pathology: Ideologiekritik Beyond Paternalism. In Rainer Forst (ed.), Sozialphilosophie und Kritik. Suhrkamp.score: 12.0
    From the outset, critical social theory has sought to diagnose people’s participation in their own oppression, by revealing the roots of irrational and self-undermining choices in the complex interplay between human nature, social structures, and cultural beliefs. As part of this project, Ideologiekritik has aimed to expose faulty conceptions of this interplay, so that the objectively pathological character of what people are “freely” choosing could come more clearly into view. The challenge, however, has always been to find a way of (...)
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  11. Günther Anders (2009). The Pathology of Freedom: An Essay on Non-Identification. Deleuze Studies 3 (2):278-310.score: 12.0
    In the twenty-second series of The Logic of Sense, Gilles Deleuze references a remarkable essay by Günther (Stern) Anders. Anders’ essay, translated here as ‘The Pathology of Freedom’, addresses the sickness and health of our negotiation with the negative anthropological condition of ‘not being cut out for the world’.
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  12. Bradley Armour-Garb & James A. Woodbridge (2006). Dialetheism, Semantic Pathology, and the Open Pair. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (3):395 – 416.score: 12.0
    Over the past 25 years, Graham Priest has ably presented and defended dialetheism, the view that certain sentences are properly characterized as true with true negations. Our goal here is neither to quibble with the tenability of true, assertable contradictions nor, really, with the arguments for dialetheism. Rather, we wish to address the dialetheist's treatment of cases of semantic pathology and to pose a worry for dialetheism that has not been adequately considered. The problem that we present seems to (...)
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  13. G. Meynen & G. Widdershoven (2012). Competence in Health Care: An Abilities-Based Versus a Pathology-Based Approach. Clinical Ethics 7 (1):39-44.score: 12.0
    Competence is central to informed consent and, therefore, to medical practice. In this context, competence is regarded as synonymous with decision-making capacity. There is wide consensus that competence should be approached conceptually by identifying the abilities needed for decision-making capacity. Incompetence, then, is understood as a condition in which certain abilities relevant to decision-making capacity are lacking. This approach has been helpful both in theory and practice. There is, however, another approach to incompetence, namely to relate it to mental disorder. (...)
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  14. Sara Moghaddam-Taaheri (2011). Understanding Pathology in the Context of Physiological Mechanisms: The Practicality of a Broken-Normal View. Biology and Philosophy 26 (4):603-611.score: 12.0
    The topic of disease mechanisms is of clinical importance, as our understanding of such mechanisms plays an important role in how we approach devising treatments for disease. In this paper, I critique an argument made by Mauro Nervi, in which he asserts that pathology is often better viewed in the context of distinct theoretical mechanisms. I use this critique as a starting point to argue that viewing pathology as a broken-normal, malfunctioning mechanism is more therapeutically practical and more (...)
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  15. G. Loek J. Schönbeck (2012). Is Pathology Dysfunctional? Philosophy of Management 11 (3):47-65.score: 12.0
    An enterprising odyssey might be one way to investigate whether a unique role is afforded to ‘a’ philosophy of management. The question is, first, which philosophy is at stake and what finery such a philosophy might bear. Second, three cardinal questions arise: (1) “What can we say about it?“; (2) “How do we know we can or cannot say something about it?“; and (3) “What is its relation to rationality?” Third, by an old scepticist tradition one may choose tantalising innersubjects (...)
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  16. William E. Stempsey (2000). A Pathological View of Disease. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (4):321-330.score: 12.0
    This paper is a response to Christopher Boorse's recent defense of hisBiostatistical Theory (BST) of health and disease. Boorse maintains that hisconcept of theoretical health and disease reflects the ``consideredusage of pathologists.'' I argue that pathologists do not use ``disease'' inthe purely theoretical way that is required by the BST. Pathology does notdraw a sharp distinction between theoretical and practical aspects ofmedicine. Pathology does not even need a theoretical concept of disease. Itsfocus is not theoretical, but practical; (...)'s goal is to contribute tothe healing of patients. Pathology, even experimental pathology, is notvalue-free. Not only ``disease'' but also such terms as ``nerve'' and ``organ''are laden with conceptual values. (shrink)
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  17. George Horton, Chris Dewdney & Ulrike Ne'eman (2002). De Broglie's Pilot-Wave Theory for the Klein–Gordon Equation and Its Space-Time Pathologies. Foundations of Physics 32 (3):463-476.score: 12.0
    We illustrate, using a simple model, that in the usual formulation the time-component of the Klein–Gordon current is not generally positive definite even if one restricts allowed solutions to those with positive frequencies. Since in de Broglie's theory of particle trajectories the particle follows the current this leads to difficulties of interpretation, with the appearance of trajectories which are closed loops in space-time and velocities not limited from above. We show that at least this pathology can be avoided if (...)
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  18. D. Tulodziecki (2011). A Case Study in Explanatory Power: John Snow's Conclusions About the Pathology and Transmission of Cholera. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 42 (3):306-316.score: 12.0
    In the mid-1800s, there was much debate about the origin or 'exciting cause' of cholera. Despite much confusion surrounding the disease, the so-called miasma theory emerged as the prevalent account about cholera's cause. Going against this mainstream view, the British physician John Snow inferred several things about cholera's origin and pathology that no one else inferred. Without observing the vibrio cholerae, however,-data unavailable to Snow and his colleagues-, there was no way of settling the question of what exactly was (...)
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  19. Bjorn Merker (2006). Ritual Pathology and the Nature of Ritual Culture. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):624-625.score: 12.0
    Boyer & Lienard's (B&L's) biological model of ritual achieves a rather straightforward account of features shared by ritual pathology and the idiosyncratic rituals of children; but complexities accrue in extending it to human ritual culture generally. My commentary suggests that the ritual cultural traditions of animals such as songbirds share structural features, handicap-based origin, as well as the enabling neural mechanism of vocal learning with human ritual culture. (Published Online February 8 2007).
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  20. Erich Fromm (2010). The Pathology of Normalcy: Its Genius for Good and Evil. American Mental Health Foundation Books.score: 12.0
    Modern man's pathology of normalcy -- The concept of mental health -- Humanistic science of man -- Is man lazy by nature?.
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  21. Justin Garson, Broken Mechanisms: Function, Pathology, and Natural Selection.score: 12.0
    The following describes one distinct sense of ‘mechanism’ which is prevalent in biology and biomedicine and which has important epistemic benefits. According to this sense, mechanisms are defined by the functions they facilitate. This construal has two important implications. Firstly, mechanisms that facilitate functions are capable of breaking. Secondly, on this construal, there are rigid constraints on the sorts of phenomena ‘for which’ there can be a mechanism. In this sense, there are no ‘mechanisms for’ pathology, and natural selection (...)
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  22. James A. Woodbridge & Bradley Armour-Garb (2005). Semantic Pathology and the Open Pair. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):695–703.score: 12.0
    In Vagueness and Contradiction (2001), Roy Sorensen defends and extends his epistemic account of vagueness. In the process, he appeals to connections between vagueness and semantic paradox. These appeals come mainly in Chapter 11, where Sorensen offers a solution to what he calls the no-no paradox—a “neglected cousin” of the more famous liar—and attempts to use this solution as a precedent for an epistemic account of the sorites paradox. This strategy is problematic for Sorensen’s project, however, since, as we establish, (...)
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  23. O. Parnes (2003). 'Trouble From Within': Allergy, Autoimmunity, and Pathology in the First Half of the Twentieth Century. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (3):425-454.score: 12.0
    Traditionally, autoimmune disease has been considered to be a case of false recognition; the immune system mistakenly identifies 'self' tissues as foreign, attacking them thus causing damage and malady. Accordingly, the history of autoimmunity is usually told as part ot the history of immunology, that is, of theories and experiments relating to the ability of the immune system to discriminate between self and nonself. This paper challenges this view, claiming that the emergence of the notion of autoimmunity in the 1950s (...)
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  24. Kira Bailey, Robert West & Judson Kuffel (2013). What Would My Avatar Do? Gaming, Pathology, and Risky Decision Making. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 12.0
    Recent work has revealed a relationship between pathological video game use and increased impulsivity among children and adolescents. A few studies have also demonstrated increased risk-taking outside of the video game environment following game play, but this work has largely focused on one genre of video games (i.e., racing). Motivated by these findings, the aim of the current study was to examine the relationship between pathological and non-pathological video game use, impulsivity, and risky decision making. The current study also investigated (...)
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  25. Danny C. K. Leung (2008). Thomas Clifford Allbutt and Comparative Pathology. Annals of Science 65 (4):547-571.score: 12.0
    Summary This paper reconceptualizes Thomas Clifford Allbutt's contributions to the making of scientific medicine in late nineteenth-century England. Existing literature on Allbutt usually describes his achievements, such as his design of the pocket thermometer and his advocacy of the use of the ophthalmoscope in general medicine, as independent events; and his work on the development of comparative pathology is largely overlooked. In this paper I focus on this latter aspect. I examine Allbutt's books and addresses and claim that Allbutt (...)
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  26. Mika Pantzar, Risto Tainio & Kari Lilja (1993). Progress and Pathology in Managerial Practice: An Evolutionary Perspective. World Futures 37 (2):151-161.score: 12.0
    (1993). Progress and pathology in managerial practice: An evolutionary perspective. World Futures: Vol. 37, The Evolution of Socio-Economic Systems, pp. 151-161.
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  27. Robert F. Bornstein (2010). The Rocky Road From Axis I to Axis II: Extending the Network Model of Diagnostic Comorbidity to Personality Pathology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):151-152.score: 12.0
    Although the network model represents a promising new approach to conceptualizing comorbidity in psychiatric diagnosis, the model applies most directly to Axis I symptom disorders; the degree to which the model generalizes to Axis II disorders remains open to question. This commentary addresses that issue, discussing opportunities and challenges in applying the network model to DSM-diagnosed personality pathology.
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  28. Chad Kautzer (forthcoming). Self-Defensive Subjectivity: The Diagnosis of a Social Pathology. Philosophy and Social Criticism:0191453714541585.score: 12.0
    In his book Das Recht der Freiheit (2011), Axel Honneth develops a theory of social justice that incorporates negative, reflexive and social forms of freedom as well as the institutional conditions necessary for their reproduction. This account enables the identification of social pathologies or systemic normative deficits that frustrate individual efforts to relate their actions reflexively to a normative order and inhibits their ability to recognize the freedom of others as a condition of their own. In this article I utilize (...)
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  29. Katrina Bramstedt (2012). Pathological Altruism. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (2):211-212.score: 10.0
    Pathological Altruism Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-2 DOI 10.1007/s11673-012-9362-2 Authors Katrina A. Bramstedt, Bond University School of Medicine, University Drive, Gold Coast, Queensland, 4229 Australia Journal Journal of Bioethical Inquiry Online ISSN 1872-4353 Print ISSN 1176-7529.
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  30. M. C. Dillon (2003). The Madonna Imago: A New Interpretation of Its Pathology. In J. Philips & James Morley (eds.), Imagination and its Pathologies. Mit Press. 133.score: 10.0
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  31. Todd E. Feinberg, John Deluca, J. T. Giacino, D. M. Roane & M. Solms (2005). Right Hemisphere Pathology and the Self: Delusional Misidentification and Reduplication. In Todd E. Feinberg & Julian Paul Keenan (eds.), The Lost Self: Pathologies of the Brain and Identity. Oxford University Press.score: 10.0
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  32. Nicolas Rose (2001). Normality and Pathology in a Biological Age. Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 3 (1):19-33.score: 10.0
    The article is the text of a lecture given at the Faculty of the Humanities, March 2001. It argues that one implication of recent advances in the sciences of life may be that the binary opposition of the normal and the pathological is put into question. Canguilheim’s distinction between vital and social norms is challenged and superseded by a Foucauldian genealogical approach to programs for the government of individuals, and the norms of life that emerged in the nineteenth and twentieth (...)
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  33. Lance Wahlert (2013). The Burden of Poofs: Criminal Pathology, Clinical Scrutiny, and Homosexual Etiology in Queer Cinema. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 34 (2):149-175.score: 10.0
    Given the resurgence of scientific studies on the etiology of homosexuality in the wake of the AIDS epidemic, this article considers the effects these studies had on contemporaneous queer filmmakers. By using the subject of criminality as a way to talk about homosexual causality, queer films of the 1990s illustrate that contemporary scientific studies on homosexuality were historically and politically situated in relation to cultural anxieties about other forms of deviance. This article focuses on films that dissect the hetero-normative tendency (...)
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  34. David Sloan Wilson (2011). Pathology, Evolution, and Altruism. In Barbara Oakley, Ariel Knafo, Guruprasad Madhavan & David Sloan Wilson (eds.), Pathological Altruism. Oxford University Press.score: 10.0
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  35. Christopher D. Frith & Shaun Gallagher (2002). Models of the Pathological Mind. Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (4):57-80.score: 9.0
  36. James M. Glass (1980). Hobbes and Narcissism: Pathology in the State of Nature. Political Theory 8 (3):335-363.score: 9.0
  37. Axel Honneth (2003). 'Anxiety and Politics': The Strengths and Weaknesses of Franz Neumann's Diagnosis of a Social Pathology. Constellations 10 (2):247-255.score: 9.0
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  38. J. Eric Oliver (2006). The Politics of Pathology: How Obesity Became an Epidemic Disease. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (4):611-627.score: 9.0
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  39. J. Philips & James Morley (eds.) (2003). Imagination and its Pathologies. MIT Press.score: 9.0
  40. Marina Frasca-Spada (2001). Philosophical Melancholy and Delirium: Hume's Pathology of Philosophy. Donald W. Livingston. Mind 110 (439):783-789.score: 9.0
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  41. Charlie Huenemann (2010). Nietzschean Health and the Inherent Pathology of Christianity. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (1):73-89.score: 9.0
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  42. Katharine Wolfe (2009). Introduction to Günther Anders' 'The Pathology of Freedom'. Deleuze Studies 3 (2):274-277.score: 9.0
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  43. Rory J. Conces (2004). Eine Sisyphos-Erzählung: Zur Pathologie des [Religiösen] Ethnischen Nationalismus Und Praxis Humaner Demokratieförderung Auf Dem Balkan (A Sisyphean Tale: The Pathology of [Religious] Ethnic Nationalism and the Pedagogy of Forging of Humane Democracies in the Balkans). Kakanien Revisited.score: 9.0
  44. Rory J. Conces (2005). Sizifovska Priča: Patologija Etničkog Nacionalizma I Pedagogija Kovanja Humanih Demokratija Na Balkanu (A Sisyphean Tale: The Pathology of Ethnic Nationalism and the Pedagogy of Forging Humane Democracies in the Balkans). Dijalog 1:74-99.score: 9.0
  45. Jon A. Lindstrøm (2012). Medico-Ethical Versus Biological Evaluationism, and the Concept of Disease. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (2):165-173.score: 9.0
    According to the ‘fact-plus-value’ model of pathology propounded by K. W. M. Fulford, ‘disease’ is a value term that ought to reflect a ‘balance of values’ stemming from patients and doctors and other ‘stakeholders’ in medical nosology. In the present article I take issue with his linguistic-analytical arguments for why pathological status must be relative to such a kind of medico-ethical normativity. Fulford is right to point out that Boorse and other naturalists are compelled to utilize evaluative terminology when (...)
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  46. Victoria Margree (2002). Normal and Abnormal: Georges Canguilhem and the Question of Mental Pathology. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (4):299-312.score: 9.0
  47. Anil Gupta (2002). Partially Defined Predicates and Semantic Pathology. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (2):402–409.score: 9.0
  48. Yasmin Haskell (2007). Poetry or Pathology? Jesuit Hypochondria in Early Modern Naples. Early Science and Medicine 12 (2):187-213.score: 9.0
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  49. H. Belt (2002). Ludwik Fleck and the Causative Agent of Syphilis: Sociology or Pathology of Science? A Rejoinder to Jean Lindenmann. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (4):733-750.score: 9.0
    In 1905 two different microbes were proposed to fill the vacant role of etiologic agent for syphilis, one, the Cytorrhyctes luis, by John Siegel, the other, Spirochaeta pallida, by Fritz Schaudinn. After gathering and reviewing the evidence the majority of medical scientists decided in favor of Schaudinn's candidate. In a previous issue Jean Lindenmann challenged Ludwik Fleck's suggestion that under suitable social conditions Siegel's candidate could just as well have won acceptance by the scientific community (). To refute this counterfactual (...)
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