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  1. Kristen Gillespie-Lynch, Patricia M. Greenfield, Yunping Feng, Sue Savage-Rumbaugh & Heidi Lyn (2013). A Cross-Species Study of Gesture and Its Role in Symbolic Development: Implications for the Gestural Theory of Language Evolution. Frontiers in Psychology 4.
    Using a naturalistic video database, we examined whether gestures scaffolded the symbolic development of a language-enculturated chimpanzee, a language-enculturated bonobo, and a human child during the second year of life. These three species constitute a complete clade: species possessing a common immediate ancestor. A basic finding was the functional and formal similarity of many gestures between chimpanzee, bonobo, and human child. The child’s symbols were spoken words; the apes’ symbols were lexigrams, noniconic visual signifiers. A developmental pattern in which gestural (...)
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  2. Adriana M. Manago & Patricia M. Greenfield (2011). The Construction of Independent Values Among Maya Women at the Forefront of Social Change: Four Case Studies. Ethos 39 (1):1-29.
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  3. Patricia M. Greenfield, Heidi Lyn & E. Sue Savage-Rumbaugh (2010). Protolanguage in Ontogeny and Phylogeny. In M. Arbib D. Bickerton (ed.), The Emergence of Protolanguage: Holophrasis Vs Compositionality. John Benjamins. 24--35.
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  4. Patricia M. Greenfield & Kristen Gillespie-Lynch (2008). Intersubjectivity Evolved to Fit the Brain, but Grammar Co-Evolved with the Brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):523-524.
    We propose that some aspects of language evolved to fit the brain, whereas other aspects co-evolved with the brain. Cladistic analysis indicates that common basic structures of both action and grammar arose in phylogeny six million years ago and in ontogeny before age two, with a shared prefrontal neural substrate. In contrast, mirror neurons, found in both humans and monkeys, suggest that the neural basis for intersubjectivity evolved before language. Natural selection acts upon genes controlling the neural substrates of these (...)
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  5. Patricia M. Greenfield, Heidi Lyn & Sue E. Savage-Rumbaugh (2008). Protolanguage in Ontogeny and Phylogeny Combining Deixis and Representation. Interaction Studies 9 (1):34-50.
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  6. Lalita K. Suzuki, Helen M. Davis & Patricia M. Greenfield (2008). Self‐Enhancement and Self‐Effacement in Reaction to Praise and Criticism: The Case of Multiethnic Youth. Ethos 36 (1):78-97.
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  7. Patricia M. Greenfield (2005). Paradigms of Cultural Thought. In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge Univ Pr. 663--682.
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  8. Claudia L. Kernan & Patricia M. Greenfield (2005). Becoming a Team: Individualism, Collectivism, Ethnicity, and Group Socialization in Los Angeles Girls' Basketball. Ethos 33 (4):542-566.
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  9. Patricia M. Greenfield (2001). Author's Response. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):153-154.
    Ronan Reilly's connectionist simulation both strengthens and advances the theoretical model presented in my 1991 target article, “Language, Tools, and Brain: The Ontogeny and Phylogeny of Hierarchically Organized Sequential Behavior.” Reilly has tested the whole ontogenetic model with a single simulation study explicitly planned for this purpose. His methodology has established that the various components of the theoretical model imply and are compatible with one another. It has also indicated how learning can actualize a pre-established ontogenetic sequence of combining lingusitic (...)
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  10. Ashley E. Maynard, Patricia M. Greenfield & Carla P. Childs (1999). Culture, History, Biology, and Body: Native and Non‐Native Acquisition of Technological Skill. Ethos 27 (3):379-402.
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  11. Patricia M. Greenfield (1998). Language, Tools, and Brain Revisited. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):159-163.
    The target article presented a model to stimulate further research and ultimately, a more definitive theory of the ontogeny and phylogeny of hierarchically organized sequential activity. Methodologically, it was intended to stimulate methods for integrating data from different neuropsychological techniques. This response to Givon and Swann focuses on several substantive areas: (1) the role of automaticity in hierarchically organized activity and its neural substrate, (2) the neural ontogeny of planning, (3) cognitive and neural architecture for language functions, and (4) (...)
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  12. Denise Piñon & Patricia M. Greenfield (1994). Does Everybody Do It? Hierarchically Organized Sequential Activity in Robots, Birds and Monkeys. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):361.
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  13. Patricia M. Greenfield (1992). Errata. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (2):423.
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  14. Patricia M. Greenfield (1991). From Hand to Mouth. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):577-595.
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  15. Patricia M. Greenfield (1991). Language, Tools and Brain: The Ontogeny and Phylogeny of Hierarchically Organized Sequential Behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):531-551.
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  16. Patricia M. Greenfield (1989). Cebus Uses Tools, but What About Representation? Comparative Evidence for Generalized Cognitive Structures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (3):599.
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  17. Patricia M. Greenfield (1978). Developmental Processes in the Language Learning of Child and Chimp [SR&B]. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (4):573.
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