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Profile: Patricia Werhane (DePaul University)
  1. Thomas Donaldson & Patricia Hogue Werhane (1996). Ethical Issues in Business a Philosophical Approach.
     
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  2.  58
    Patricia H. Werhane (2002). Moral Imagination and Systems Thinking. Journal of Business Ethics 38 (1-2):33 - 42.
    Taking the lead from Susan Wolf's and Linda Emanuel's work on systems thinking, and developing ideas from Moberg's, Seabright's and my work on mental models and moral imagination, in this paper I shall argue that what is often missing in management decision-making is a systems approach. Systems thinking requires conceiving of management dilemmas as arising from within a system with interdependent elements, subsystems, and networks of relationships and patterns of interaction. Taking a systems approach and coupling it with moral imagination, (...)
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  3. Patricia H. Werhane (2008). Mental Models, Moral Imagination and System Thinking in the Age of Globalization. Journal of Business Ethics 78 (3):463 - 474.
    After experiments with various economic systems, we appear to have conceded, to misquote Winston Churchill that "free enterprise is the worst economic system, except all the others that have been tried." Affirming that conclusion, I shall argue that in today's expanding global economy, we need to revisit our mind-sets about corporate governance and leadership to fit what will be new kinds of free enterprise. The aim is to develop a values-based model for corporate governance in this age of globalization that (...)
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  4. Patricia Werhane (1988). Persons, Rights, and Corporations. Journal of Business Ethics 7 (5):336-340.
     
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  5.  8
    Jerry M. Calton, Patricia H. Werhane, Laura P. Hartman & David Bevan (2013). Building Partnerships to Create Social and Economic Value at the Base of the Global Development Pyramid. Journal of Business Ethics 117 (4):721-733.
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  6. Patricia Werhane, Tara J. Radin & Norman E. Bowie (2003). Employment and Employee Rights. Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Employment and Employee Rights_ addresses the issue of rights in the workplace. Although much of the literature in this field focuses on employee rights, this volume considers the issue from the perspective of both employees and employers. Considers the rights of both employees and employers. Discusses the moral and legal landscape and traditional assumptions about right in employment. Investigates arguments for guaranteeing rights, particularly for employees, which are derived from relational, developmental, and economic bases. Explores new dimensions of employment including (...)
     
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  7.  51
    Patricia H. Werhane (1998). Moral Imagination and the Search for Ethical Decision-Making in Management. The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 1998:75-98.
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  8.  67
    Simone De Colle & Patricia H. Werhane (2008). Moral Motivation Across Ethical Theories: What Can We Learn for Designing Corporate Ethics Programs? Journal of Business Ethics 81 (4):751 - 764.
    In this article we discuss what are the implications for improving the design of corporate ethics programs, if we focus on the moral motivation accounts offered by main ethical theories. Virtue ethics, deontological ethics and utilitarianism offer different criteria of judgment to face moral dilemmas: Aristotle's virtues of character, Kant's categorical imperative, and Mill's greatest happiness principle are, respectively, their criteria to answer the question "What is the right thing to do?" We look at ethical theories from a different perspective: (...)
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  9.  64
    Patricia H. Werhane (2000). Business Ethics and the Origins of Contemporary Capitalism: Economics and Ethics in the Work of Adam Smith and Herbert Spencer. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 24 (3):185 - 198.
    Both Adam Smith and Herbert spencer, albeit in quite different ways, have been enormously influential in what we today take to be philosophies of modern capitalism. Surprisingly it is Spencer, not Smith, who is the individualist, perhaps an egoist, and supports a "night watchman" theory of the state. Smith's concept of political economy is a notion that needs to be revisited, and Spencer's theory of democratic workplace management offers a refreshing twist on contemporary libertarianism.
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  10.  21
    Laura P. Hartman & Patricia H. Werhane (2009). A Modular Approach to Business Ethics Integration: At the Intersection of the Stand-Alone and the Integrated Approaches. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (3):295 - 300.
    While no one seems to believe that business schools or their faculties bear entire responsibility for the ethical decision-making processes of their students, these same institutions do have some burden of accountability for educating students surrounding these skills. To that end, the standards promulgated by the Association to Advance Collegiate School of Business , their global accrediting body, require that students learn ethics as part of a business degree. However, since the AACSB does not require the inclusion of a specific (...)
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  11. Patricia Werhane (1995). Adam Smith and His Legacy for Modern Capitalism. Journal of Business Ethics 14 (3):206-218.
     
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  12.  16
    Patricia H. Werhane (1994). The Normatice/Descriptive Distinction in Methodologies of Business Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (2):175-180.
    Most papers in this issue carefully analyze normative and empirical methodologies. I shall argue that (a) there is no purely empirical nor purely normative methodology; (b) some terms escape the division of the normative and descriptive. (c) Most importantly, dialogues such as this one point to a form of integration that allows us to reflect on what it is that each approach presupposes in its study of business ethics. Thus we have made progress in recognizing the importance of each methodology, (...)
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  13.  69
    Patricia H. Werhane (1989). The Ethics of Insider Trading. Journal of Business Ethics 8 (11):841 - 845.
    Despite the fact that a number of economists and philosophers of late defend insider trading both as a viable and useful practice in a free market and as not immoral, I shall question the value of insider trading both from a moral and an economic point of view. I shall argue that insider trading both in its present illegal form and as a legalized market mechanism undermines the efficient and proper functioning of a free market, thereby bringing into question its (...)
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  14.  5
    David Bevan & Patricia Werhane (2015). The Inexorable Sociality of Commerce: The Individual and Others in Adam Smith. Journal of Business Ethics 127 (2):327-335.
    In this paper we reconsider Adam Smith’s ethics, what he means by self-interest and the role this plays in the famous “invisible hand.” Our efforts focus in part on the misreading of “the invisible hand” by certain economists with a view to legitimizing their neoclassical economic paradigm. Through exegesis and by reference to notions that are developed in Smith’s two major works, we deconstruct Smith’s ideas of conscience, justice, self-interest, and the invisible hand. We amplify Smith’s insistence, through his notions (...)
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  15.  19
    Patricia Werhane, Laura Hartman, Crina Archer, David Bevan & Kim Clark (2011). Trust After the Global Financial Meltdown. Business and Society Review 116 (4):403-433.
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  16.  12
    Patricia H. Werhane, Laura P. Hartman, Dennis Moberg, Elaine Englehardt, Michael Pritchard & Bidhan Parmar (2011). Social Constructivism, Mental Models, and Problems of Obedience. Journal of Business Ethics 100 (1):103 - 118.
    There are important synergies for the next generation of ethical leaders based on the alignment of modified or adjusted mental models. This entails a synergistic application of moral imagination through collaborative input and critique, rather than "me too" obedience. In this article, we will analyze the Milgram results using frameworks relating to mental models (Werhane et al., Profitable partnerships for poverty alleviation, 2009), as well as work by Moberg on "ethics blind spots'' (Organizational Studies 27(3): 413-428, 2006), and by Bazerman (...)
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  17.  15
    Patricia H. Werhane (2006). A Place for Philosophers in Applied Ethics and the Role of Moral Reasoning in Moral Imagination: A Response to Richard Rorty. Business Ethics Quarterly 16 (3):401-408.
    This article presents a response to Richard Rorty's paper "Is Philosophy Relevant to Business Ethics?" The author questions Rorty's views on the depreciation of the role of philosophy in applied ethics, and outlines four reasons why philosophy retains its relevance. The author addresses the role of moral reasoning in the development of the moral imagination. The author also concludes that humans have the means necessary to make moral progress and are capable of moral reasoning, and need only to develop a (...)
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  18.  12
    Michael Gorman, Patricia Werhane & Nathan Swami (2009). Moral Imagination, Trading Zones, and the Role of the Ethicist in Nanotechnology. NanoEthics 3 (3):185-195.
    The societal and ethical impacts of emerging technological and business systems cannot entirely be foreseen; therefore, management of these innovations will require at least some ethicists to work closely with researchers. This is particularly critical in the development of new systems because the maximum degrees of freedom for changing technological direction occurs at or just after the point of breakthrough; that is also the point where the long-term implications are hardest to visualize. Recent work on shared expertise in Science & (...)
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  19.  1
    Patrick Primeaux, Marilynn Fleckenstein, Mary Maury & Patricia Werhane (2008). Introduction. Journal of Business Ethics 78 (1/2):1.
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  20. Patricia Werhane, Tara J. Radin & Norman E. Bowie (2008). Employment and Employee Rights. Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Employment and Employee Rights_ addresses the issue of rights in the workplace. Although much of the literature in this field focuses on employee rights, this volume considers the issue from the perspective of both employees and employers. Considers the rights of both employees and employers. Discusses the moral and legal landscape and traditional assumptions about right in employment. Investigates arguments for guaranteeing rights, particularly for employees, which are derived from relational, developmental, and economic bases. Explores new dimensions of employment including (...)
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  21.  21
    Patricia H. Werhane (2010). The Centrality of “Seeing As” and a Question About “Truth”. Journal of Business Ethics Education 7:197-200.
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  22.  17
    Patricia H. Werhane (2000). Exporting Mental Models. Business Ethics Quarterly 10 (1):353-362.
    The most serious ethical challenge facing multinational corporations in the next century is their exportation of the mental model of Western-style capitalism. This model promises that industrialized free enterprise in a free trade global economy, where businesses and entrepreneurs can pursue their interests competitively without undue regulations or labor restrictions, will produce growth and well-being, i.e., economic good, in every country or community where this phenomenon is allowed to operate. This paper points to some limitations to this model and illustrates (...)
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  23.  56
    Patricia H. Werhane (1988). Two Ethical Issues in Mergers and Acquisitions. Journal of Business Ethics 7 (1-2):41 - 45.
    With the recent rash of mergers and friendly and unfriendly takeovers, two important issues have not received sufficient attention as questionable ethical practices. One has to do with the rights of employees affected in mergers and acquisitions and the second concerns the responsibilities of shareholders during these activities. Although employees are drastically affected by a merger or an acquisition because in almost every case a number of jobs are shifted or even eliminated, employees at all levels are usually the last (...)
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  24.  61
    Patricia H. Werhane (1991). Engineers and Management: The Challenge of the Challenger Incident. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 10 (8):605 - 616.
    The Challenger incident was a result of at least four kinds of difficulties: differing perceptions and priorities of the engineers and management at Thiokol and at NASA, a preoccupation with roles and role responsibilities on the part of engineers and managers, contrasting corporate cultures at Thiokol and its parent, Morton, and a failure both by engineers and by managers to exercise individual moral responsibility. I shall argue that in the Challenger case organizational structure, corporate culture, engineering and managerial habits, and (...)
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  25.  54
    Martin J. Calkins & Patricia H. Werhane (1998). Adam Smith, Aristotle, and the Virtues of Commerce. Journal of Value Inquiry 32 (1):43-60.
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  26. Michael E. Gorman, Matthew M. Mehalik & Patricia Hogue Werhane (2000). Ethical and Environmental Challenges to Engineering.
     
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  27.  7
    Patricia H. Werhane (1999). Justice and Trust. Journal of Business Ethics 21 (2-3):237 - 249.
    With the demise of Marxism and socialism, the United States is becoming a model not merely for free enterprise, but also for employment practices worldwide. I believe that free enterprise is the least worst economic system, given the alternatives, a position I shall assume, but not defend, here. However, I shall argue, a successful free enterprise political economy does not entail mimicking US employment practices. I find even today in 1998, as I shall outline in more detail, these practices, when (...)
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  28.  34
    Patricia H. Werhane (2003). Employment-At-Will, Employee Rights, and Future Directions for Employment. Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (2):113-130.
    During recent years, the principle and practice of employment-at-will have been under attack. While progress has been madein eroding the practice, the principle still governs the philosophical assumptions underlying employment practices in the United States,and, indeed, EAW has been promulgated as one of the ways to address economic ills in other countries. This paper will briefly reviewthe major critiques of EAW. Given the failure of these arguments to erode the underpinnings of EAW, we shall suggest new avenues forapproaching employment issues (...)
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  29.  12
    Patricia H. Werhane (1998). Special Issue. The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 1998:4-4.
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  30.  15
    Patricia H. Werhane (2012). Multinational Corporations and Global Justice. Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (1):193-198.
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  31.  43
    Patricia H. Werhane (1991). The Indefensibility of Insider Trading. Journal of Business Ethics 10 (9):729 - 731.
    The article, Inside Trading Revisited, has taken the stance that insider trading is neither unethical nor economically inefficient. Attacking my arguments to the contrary developed in an earlier article, The Ethics of Inside Trading (Journal of Business Ethics, 1989) this article constructs careful arguments and even appeals to Adam Smith to justify its conclusions. In my response to this article I shall clarify my position as well as that of Smith to support my counter-contention that insider trading is both unethical (...)
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  32.  32
    Patricia H. Werhane (1989). Corporate and Individual Moral Responsibility: A Reply to Jan Garrett. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 8 (10):821 - 822.
  33.  11
    Patricia H. Werhane (1999). 4. The Rashomon Effect. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:69-88.
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  34.  11
    Patricia H. Werhane (1993). Werhane's Letter to Harvard Business Review. The Society for Business Ethics Newsletter 4 (3):11-11.
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  35. Patricia Werhane, Tara J. Radin & Norman E. Bowie (2008). Employment and Employee Rights. Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Employment and Employee Rights_ addresses the issue of rights in the workplace. Although much of the literature in this field focuses on employee rights, this volume considers the issue from the perspective of both employees and employers. Considers the rights of both employees and employers. Discusses the moral and legal landscape and traditional assumptions about right in employment. Investigates arguments for guaranteeing rights, particularly for employees, which are derived from relational, developmental, and economic bases. Explores new dimensions of employment including (...)
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  36.  12
    Patricia H. Werhane (2000). Introduction. The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2000:1-5.
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  37.  20
    Patricia H. Werhane (1999). Index. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:140-146.
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  38.  18
    Patrick Flanagan, Marilynn Fleckenstein, Victoria Shoaf & Patricia Werhane (1998). Introduction. Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (2):193-193.
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  39. R. Edward Freeman & Patricia Hogue Werhane (1997). The Blackwell Encyclopedic Dictionary of Business Ethics. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  40.  9
    Patricia H. Werhane (1999). Notes. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:127-128.
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  41.  12
    Laura P. Hartman, Jenny Mead, Patricia H. Werhane & Danielle Christmas (2011). 'Connecting the World Through Games': Creating Shared Value in the Case of Zynga's Corporate Social Strategy. Journal of Business Ethics Education 8 (1):199-230.
    When using cases to teach corporate strategy and ethical decision-making, the aim is to demonstrate to students that leadership decision-making is at its most effective when all affected stakeholders are considered, from shareholders and employees, to the local, national, and global societies in which the company operates. This paper challenges the obstructive perception of many Corporate Social Responsibility advocates that the interests of private organizations in the alleviation of social problems should not be vested, but instead should originate from charitable (...)
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  42.  17
    Patricia H. Werhane (2007). Women Leaders in a Globalized World. Journal of Business Ethics 74 (4):425 - 435.
    This article will defend a very simple thesis. In a diverse globalized “flat” world with expanding economic opportunities and risks, we will need to revisit and revise our mindsets about free enterprise, corporate governance, and leadership. That we can change our mindsets and world view is illustrated by studies of primate behavior, and the kind of leadership necessary in a global economy is, interestingly, exemplified by women.
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  43.  47
    Patricia H. Werhane (1989). The Role of Self-Interest in Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations. Journal of Philosophy 86 (11):669-680.
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  44.  12
    Patricia H. Werhane (1998). Introduction. Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (2):193-193.
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  45.  32
    Patricia Hogue Werhane (1990). Formal Organizations, Economic Freedom and Moral Agency. Journal of Value Inquiry 14 (1):43-50.
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  46.  7
    Patricia H. Werhane (1989). Must We 'Always Get Rid of the Idea of the Private Object'? Southern Journal of Philosophy 27 (2):299-317.
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  47.  53
    Patricia H. Werhane (1987). Some Paradoxes in Kripke's Interpretation of Wittgenstein. Synthese 73 (2):253 - 273.
    Kripke's skeptical interpretation of Wittgenstein's project in the Philosophical Investigations attributes to Wittgenstein a radical skepticism about the objectivity of rules and thus the meanings of words and the existence of language as well as a skepticism about the truth conditions underlying our alleged facts about the world. Kripke then contends that Wittgenstein solves this skeptical paradox by committing himself to what I shall call a Communitarian View of language. There are a number of difficulties with Kripke's interpretation of the (...)
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  48.  25
    Thomas W. Dunfee & Patricia Werhane (1997). Report on Business Ethics in North America. Journal of Business Ethics 16 (14):1589-1595.
    Although many challenges remain, business ethics is flourishing in North America. Prominent organizations give annual business ethics awards, investments in socially screened mutual funds are increasing, ethics officers and corporate ombudspersons are more common and more influential, and new ideas are being tested in practice. On the academic side, two major journals specializing in business ethics are well-established and other major journals often include articles on business ethics and new organizations emphasizing ethics have been initiated. Within business schools, the number (...)
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  49.  11
    Laura Hartman & Patricia Werhane (2013). Proposition: Shared Value as an Incomplete Mental Model. Business Ethics Journal Review:36-43.
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  50.  7
    Patricia H. Werhane (2004). Introduction. The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2004:1-5.
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