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Profile: Patrick A. Heelan (Georgetown University)
  1. Patrick A. Heelan (2013). Phenomenology, Ontology, and Quantum Physics. Foundations of Science 18 (2):379-385.
    This essay is dominated by three themes that recur contrapuntally in Heisenberg’s writings: observation, description, and ontology—prompted always by a concern about the role played by the subjective inquirer in scientific meaning-making, and by the ontology of scientific claims. Among the related themes are; the tension between paradigmatic concerns with structure and philosophical concerns with reality, the possibility of scientific revolutions, such as relativity and quantum mechanics, that can overthrow the classical traditions of natural science and the inadequacy of a (...)
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  2. Patrick A. Heelan (2009). The Role of Consciousness as Meaning Maker in Science, Culture, and Religion. Zygon 44 (2):467-486.
    Two hundred years ago, Friedrich Schleiermacher took critical issue with Immanuel Kant's intellectual notion of intuition as applied to human nature (Wellmon 2006). He found it necessary to modify—"hermeneutically," as he said—Kant's notion of anthropology by enabling it to include as human the new and strange human tribes Captain Cook found in the Pacific South Seas. A similar hermeneutic move is necessary if physics is to include the local contextual empirical syntheses of relativity and quantum physics. In this hermeneutical revision (...)
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  3. Patrick A. Heelan (2005). Husserl and the Sciences. International Philosophical Quarterly 45 (3):405-406.
  4. Patrick A. Heelan (2004). The Phenomenological Role of Consciousness in Measurement. Mind and Matter 2 (1):61-84.
    A structural analogy is pointed out between a check hermeneutically developed phenomenological description, based on Husserl, of the process of perceptual cognition on the one hand and quantum mechanical measurement on the other hand. In Husserl's analytic phase of the cognition process, the 'intentionality-structure' of the subject/object union prior to predication of a local object is an entangled symmetry-making state, and this entanglement is broken in the synthetic phase when the particular local object is constituted under the influence of an (...)
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  5. Patrick A. Heelan (2003). Husserl, Lonergan, and Paradoxes of Measurement. Journal of Macrodynamic Analysis 3.
    My scientific field is theoretical physics. My philosophical orientation is phenomenology, especially hermeneutical phenomenology, as modified and extended under the influence of Bernard Lonergan's cognitional theory. In fact, I was already deeply under the influence of Bernard Lonergan's workbefore I went to Louvain/Leuven to study phenomenology as a propaedeutic to my preparation in the philosophy of science. The specific topic of this paper is one close to the center of Philip's interest, namely, to articulate the right balance among theory, experiment, (...)
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  6. Patrick A. Heelan & Babette E. Babich (2002). Hermeneutic Philosophy of Science, van Gogh's Eyes, and God Essays in Honor of Patrick A. Heelan. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  7. Patrick A. Heelan (2001). McGuire, James E., and Barbara Tuchanska. Science Unfettered: A Philosophical Study in Sociohistorical Ontology. Review of Metaphysics 55 (2):403-404.
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  8. Patrick A. Heelan (2001). The Lifeworld and Scientific Interpretation. In Kay Toombs (ed.), Handbook of Phenomenology and Medicine. Kluwer 47--66.
  9. Patrick A. Heelan (1998). Nietzsche E la Scienza. Arte, Vita, Conoscenza. New Nietzsche Studies 2 (3-4):134-135.
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  10. Patrick A. Heelan (1998). The Scope of Hermeneutics in Natural Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 29 (2):273-298.
    Hermeneutics, or interpretation, is concerned with the generation, transmission, and acceptance of meaning within the lifeworld, and was the original method of the human sciences stemming, from F. Schleiermacher and W. Dilthey. The `hermeneutic philosophy' refers mostly to Heidegger. This paper addresses natural science from the perspective of Heidegger's analysis of meaning and interpretation. Its purpose is to incorporate into the philosophy of science those aspects of historicality, culture, and tradition that are absent from the traditional analysis of theory and (...)
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  11. Patrick A. Heelan & Jay Schulkin (1998). Hermeneutical Philosophy and Pragmatism: A Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW] Synthese 115 (3):269-302.
    Two philosophical traditions with much in common, (classical) pragmatism and (Heidegger's) hermeneutic philosophy, are here\ncompared with respect to their approach to the philosophy of science. Both emphasize action as a mode of interpreting experience.\nBoth have developed important categories – inquiry, meaning, theory, praxis, coping, historicity, life-world – and each has\noffered an alternative to the more traditional philosophies of science stemming from Descartes, Hume, and Comte. Pragmatism's\nabduction works with the dual perspectives of theory (as explanation) and praxis (as culture). The hermeneutical (...)
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  12. Patrick A. Heelan (1997). Why a Hermeneutical Philosophy of the Natural Sciences? Man and World 30 (3):271-298.
    Why a hermeneutical philosophy of the natural sciences? It is necessary to address the philosophic crisis of realism vs relativism in the natural sciences. This crisis is seen as a part of the cultural crisis that Husserl and Heidegger identified and attributed to the hegemonic role of theoretical and calculative thought in Western societies. The role of theory is addressed using the hermeneutical circle to probe the origin of theoretic meaning in scientific cultural praxes. This is studied in Galileo's discovery (...)
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  13. Patrick A. Heelan (1995). An Anti-Epistemological or Ontological Interpretation of the Quantum Theory and Theories Like It. In Babette E. Babich, Debra B. Bergoffen & Simon Glynn (eds.), Continental and Postmodern Perspectives in the Philosophy of Science. Avebury 55--68.
     
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  14. Patrick A. Heelan (1995). Quantum Mechanics and the Social Sciences: After Hermeneutics. Science and Education 4 (2):127-136.
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  15. Patrick A. Heelan (1992). Experiment as Fulfillment of Theory. In D. P. Chattopadhyaya, Lester E. Embree & Jitendranath Mohanty (eds.), Phenomenology and Indian Philosophy. Indian Council of Philosophical Research in Association with Motilal Banarsidass Publishers 169--184.
     
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  16. Patrick A. Heelan (1991). Charles W. Harvey: 'Husserl’s Phenomenology and the Foundations of Natural Science'. [REVIEW] Husserl Studies 8 (1):57.
  17. Patrick A. Heelan (1989). After Experiment: Realism and Research. American Philosophical Quarterly 26 (4):297 - 308.
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  18. Patrick A. Heelan (1989). Hermeneutics Versus Science? Three German Views. Review of Metaphysics 42 (3):615-616.
  19. Patrick A. Heelan (1989). The New Relevance of Experiment: A Postmodern Problem. Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 9 (2):11-19.
    Today when congressional committees are investigating laboratory notebooks, when the media debate the possibility of cold-fusion, and advertising presents drugs as remedies for everything from infertility to hair loss, the stage is set for the postmodern crisis of confidence in science. This crisis was ushered in by F. Nietzsche, and taken up by M. Heidegger, J. Habermas, Critical Theory, the Strong School of the Sociology of Science, by Margaret Thatcher, on the right and by Jacques Derrida, on the left—and, of (...)
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  20. Patrick A. Heelan (1988). Experiment and Theory: Constitution and Reality. Journal of Philosophy 85 (10):515-524.
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  21. Patrick A. Heelan (1988). Tariq Modood. Journal of Philosophy 85 (10).
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  22. Patrick A. Heelan (1987). Husserl's Later Philosophy of Natural Science. Philosophy of Science 54 (3):368-390.
    Husserl argues in the Crisis that the prevalent tradition of positive science in his time had a philosophical core, called by him "Galilean science", that mistook the quest for objective theory with the quest for truth. Husserl is here referring to Gottingen science of the Golden Years. For Husserl, theory "grows" out of the "soil" of the prescientific, that is, pretheoretical, life-world. Scientific truth finally is to be sought not in theory but rather in the pragmatic-perceptual praxes of measurement. Husserl (...)
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  23. Patrick A. Heelan (1986). Interpretation and the Structure of Space in Scientific Theory and in Perception. Research in Phenomenology 16 (1):187-199.
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  24. Patrick A. Heelan (1984). Perceived Worlds Are Interpreted Worlds. Journal of Philosophy 81 (11):707-708.
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  25. Patrick A. Heelan (1983). Natural Science and Being-in-the-World. Man and World 16 (3):207-219.
  26. Patrick A. Heelan (1983). Perception as a Hermeneutical Act. Review of Metaphysics 37 (1):61 - 75.
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  27. Patrick A. Heelan (1983). Space-Perception And The Philosophy Of Science. University Of California Press.
    00 Drawing on the phenomenological tradition in the philosophy of science and philosophy of nature, Patrick Heelan concludes that perception is a cognitive, ...
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  28. Patrick A. Heelan (1982). Hermeneutical Realism and Scientific Observation. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:77 - 87.
    Using the methods of hermeneutic phenomenology, and against the background of the principle that the real is what is or can be given in a public way in perception as a state of the World, and of the thesis established elsewhere that acts of perception are always epistemic, contextual, and hermeneutical, the writer proposes that objects of scientific observation are perceptual objects, states of the World described by theoretical scientific terms and, therefore, real. This thesis of Hermeneutical Realism is proved (...)
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  29. Patrick A. Heelan (1977). The Nature of Clinical Science. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 2 (1):20-32.
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  30. Patrick A. Heelan (1975). Heisenberg and Radical Theoretic Change. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 6 (1):113-136.
    Heisenberg, in constructing quantum mechanics, explicitly followed certain principles exemplified, as he believed, in Einstein's construction of the special theory of relativity which for him was the paradigm for radical theoretic change in physics. These were the principles of scientific realism, stability of background knowledge, E-observability, contextual re-interpretation, pragmatic continuity, model continuity, simplicity. Fifty years later, in retrospect, Heisenberg added the following two: a principle of non-proliferation of competing theories - scientific revolutions are not a legitimate goal of physics - (...)
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  31. Werner Heisenberg & Patrick A. Heelan (1975). Comments to Heelans Thesis. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 6 (1):137-138.
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  32. Patrick A. Heelan (1974). Comments on Professor Kisiel's Commentary. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 5 (1):135-137.
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  33. Patrick A. Heelan (1974). Hermeneutics of Experimental Science in the Context of the Life-World. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 5 (1):123-124.
  34. Patrick A. Heelan (1972). Towards a Hermeneutic of Natural Science. Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 3 (3):252-260.
     
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  35. Patrick A. Heelan (1971). The Logic of Framework Transpositions. International Philosophical Quarterly 11 (3):314-334.
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  36. Patrick A. Heelan (1970). Complementarity, Context Dependence, and Quantum Logic. Foundations of Physics 1 (2):95-110.
    Quantum-mechanical event descriptions are context-dependent descriptions. The role of quantum (nondistributive) logic is in the partial ordering of contexts rather than in the ordering of quantum-mechanical events. Moreover, the kind of quantum logic displayed by quantum mechanics can be easily inferred from the general notion of contextuality used in ordinary language. The formalizable core of Bohr's notion of complementarity is the type of context dependence discussed in this paper.
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  37. Patrick A. Heelan (1970). Scientific Objectivity and Framework Transpositions. Philosophical Studies 19:55-70.
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  38. Patrick A. Heelan (1969). Truth and the Historicity of Man. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 43:185-194.
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  39. Patrick A. Heelan (1969). The Role of Subjectivity in Natural Science. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 43:185-194.
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  40. Patrick A. Heelan (1968). Quantum Mechanics and Objectivity: A Study of the Physical Philosophy of Werner Heisenberg. Philosophical Review 77 (4):524-526.
  41. Patrick A. Heelan (1968). The Search for Perfect Science in the West. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 43 (2):165-186.
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  42. Patrick A. Heelan (1967). Horizon, Objectivity and Reality in the Physical Sciences. International Philosophical Quarterly 7 (3):375-412.
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