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Patrick Frierson [17]Patrick R. Frierson [12]
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  1. Patrick Frierson, Adam Smith and the Possibility of Sympathy with Nature Patrick R. Frierson.
    As J. Baird Callicott has argued, Adam Smith’s moral theory is a philosophical ancestor of recent work in environmental ethics. However, Smith’s “all important emotion of sympathy” (Callicott 2001: 209) seems incapable of extension to entities that lack emotions with which one can sympathize. Drawing on the distinctive account of sympathy developed in Smith’s Theory of Moral Sentiments , as well as his account of anthropomorphizing nature in “History of Astronomy and Physics,” I show that sympathy with non-sentient nature is (...)
     
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  2. Patrick Frierson, Rousseau.
    Angaben zur Person Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) was born in the Calvinist city-state of Geneva on June 28, 1712. The epoch-making moment” in Rousseau’s life came in 1749, when he fell across the question of the Academy of Dijon which gave rise to my first writing” OC I, 1135). The question was “Whether the restoration of the Sciences and Arts has contributed to the purification of morals.” Rousseau’s answer to that question – a decisive No – was his Discourse on the (...)
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  3. Patrick R. Frierson (forthcoming). Maria Montessori's Epistemology. British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-25.
    This paper lays out the epistemology of Maria Montessori (1870?1952). I start with what I call Montessori's ?interested empiricism?, her empiricist emphasis on the foundational role of the senses combined with her (broadly Jamesian) insistence that all cognition is infused with ?interest?. I then discuss the unconscious. Partly because of her emphasis on early childhood, Montessori puts great emphasis on unconscious cognitive processes and develops a conceptual vocabulary to make sense of the continuity between conscious and unconscious processes. The final (...)
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  4. Patrick Frierson (2014). Kant, Individual Responsibility, and Climate Change. Ethics, Policy and Environment 17 (1):35-38.
  5. Patrick R. Frierson (2013). What is the Human Being? Routledge.
    Philosophers, anthropologists and biologists have long puzzled over the question of human nature. It is also a question that Kant thought about deeply and returned to in many of his writings. In this lucid and wide-ranging introduction to Kant’s philosophy of human nature - which is essential for understanding his thought as a whole - Patrick R. Frierson assesses Kant’s theories and examines his critics. He begins by explaining how Kant articulates three ways of addressing the question ‘what is the (...)
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  6. Patrick Frierson (2011). Immanuel Kant: Key Concepts. Acumen Publishing Limited.
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  7. Patrick Frierson (2011). Rational Faith: God, Immortality, Grace. In Immanuel Kant: Key Concepts. Acumen Publishing Limited.
    This article offers an explanation and analysis of Kant’s philosophy of religion. It starts with Kant’s criticisms of the ontological, cosmological, and physico-teleological arguments for the existence of God from the ’Critique of Pure Reason’. It then explains Kant’s moral arguments in the ’Critique of Practical Reason’ for the existence and nature of God and for humans’ personal immorality. Finally, it lays out the argument for the necessity of grace from Kant’s ’Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reaso.'.
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  8. Patrick Frierson (2010). Kantian Moral Pessimism. In Sharon Anderson-Gold & Pablo Muchnik (eds.), Kant's Anatomy of Evil. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  9. Patrick Frierson (2010). Review of Richard McCarty, Kant's Theory of Action. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (6).
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  10. Patrick Frierson (2010). Two Standpoints and the Problem of Moral Anthropology. In James Krueger & Benjamin Bruxvoort Lipscomb (eds.), Kant's Moral Metaphysics. Walter Degruyter. 83.
  11. Patrick Frierson (2008). Empirical Psychology, Common Sense, and Kant's Empirical Markers for Moral Responsibility. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (4):473-482.
  12. Patrick Frierson (2007). Corruption, Non-Ideal Theory, and Grace: A Response to Kant and the Ethics of Humility. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (3):624–631.
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  13. Patrick Frierson (2007). Metastandards in the Ethics of Adam Smith and Aldo Leopold. Environmental Ethics 29 (2):171-191.
    Adam Smith is not an environmentalist, but he articulated an ethical theory that is increasingly recognized as a fruitful source of environmental ethics. In the context of this theory, Smith illustrates in a particularly valuable way the role that anthropocentric, utilitarian metastandards can play in defending nonanthropocentric, nonutilitarian ethical standpoints. There are four roles that an anthropocentricmetastandard can play in defending an ecocentric ethical standpoint such as Aldo Leopold’s land ethic. First, this metastandard helps reconcile ecocentrism with theodicy, either of (...)
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  14. Patrick Frierson (2007). Providence and Divine Mercy in Kant's Ethical Cosmopolitanism. Faith and Philosophy 24 (2):144-164.
    For Kant, cosmopolitan ethical community is a necessary response to humans’ radical evil. To be cosmopolitan, this community must not depend on particular historical religions. But Kant’s defense of ethical community uses Christian concepts such as providence and divine mercy. This paper explores two ways—one more liberal and the other more religious—to relate the theological commitments underlying ethical cosmopolitanism with the non-dogmatic nature of Kantian religion.
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  15. Patrick R. Frierson (2007). Review: Dean, The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (4).
  16. Patrick R. Frierson (2006). Adam Smith and the Possibility of Sympathy with Nature. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):442–480.
    As J. Baird Callicott has argued, Adam Smith's moral theory is a philosophical ancestor of recent work in environmental ethics. However, Smith's "all important emotion of sympathy" (Callicott, 2001, p. 209) seems incapable of extension to entities that lack emotions with which one can sympathize. Drawing on the distinctive account of sympathy developed in Smith's Theory of Moral Sentiments, as well as his account of anthropomorphizing nature in "History of Astronomy and Physics," I show that sympathy with non-sentient nature is (...)
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  17. Patrick R. Frierson (2006). Character and Evil in Kant's Moral Anthropology. Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (4):623-634.
    In the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant explains that moral anthropology studies the “subjective conditions in human nature that help or hinder [people] in fulfilling the laws of a metaphysics of morals” and insists that such anthropology “cannot be dispensed with” (6:217).1 But it is often difficult to find clear evidence of this sort of anthropology in Kant’s own works. in this paper, i discuss Kant’s account of character as an example of Kantian moral anthropology.
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  18. Patrick R. Frierson (2006). Symbolic Representation in Kant's Practical Philosophy. Faith and Philosophy 23 (2):232-238.
  19. Patrick Frierson (2005). Review: Grenberg, Kant and the Ethics of Humility. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (11).
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  20. Patrick Frierson (2005). The Moral Importance of Politeness in Kant's Anthropology. Kantian Review 9 (1):105-127.
  21. Patrick R. Frierson (2005). Kant's Empirical Account of Human Action. Philosophers' Imprint 5 (7):1-34.
    In the first Critique, Kant says, “[A]ll the actions of a human being are determined in accord with the order of nature,” adding that “if we could investigate all the appearances . . . there would be no human action we could not predict with certainty.” Most Kantian treatments of human action discuss action from a practical perspective, according to which human beings are transcendentally free, and thus do not sufficiently lay out this Kant’s empirical, causal description of human action. (...)
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  22. Patrick R. Frierson (2003). Freedom and Anthropology in Kant's Moral Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    This book is the first comprehensive account of Kant's theory of freedom and his moral anthropology. The point of departure is the apparent conflict between three claims to which Kant is committed: that human beings are transcendentally free, that moral anthropology studies the empirical influences on human beings, and that more anthropology is morally relevant. Frierson shows why this conflict is only apparent. He draws on Kant's transcendental idealism and his theory of the will and describes how empirical influences can (...)
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  23. Patrick R. Frierson (2003). Theodor W. Adorno, Can One Live After Auschwitz? A Philosophical Reader, Trans. Rodney Livingstone and Others, Ed. Rolf Tiedmann (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003). Julian Baggini, Making Sense (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003). [REVIEW] Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 24 (2).
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  24. Patrick Frierson (2002). Learning to Love: From Egoism to Generosity in Descartes. Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (3):313-338.
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  25. Patrick R. Frierson (2001). Cartesian Metaphysics: The Scholastic Origins of Modern Philosophy (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 39 (2):292-294.
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  26. Patrick R. Frierson (2000). Descartes and Method: A Search for a Method in Meditations (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (3):436-437.
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  27. Patrick R. Frierson (2000). Ideas and Mechanism: Essays on Early Modern Philosophy (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (1):125-126.
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  28. Patrick Frierson, Anthropologie in Pragmatischer Hinsicht.
    In 1773, Kant cancelled a course in theoretical physics – due to lack of enrollment – and taught “Anthropology” in its place. From that time, Kant taught Anthropology every winter semester until he retired in 1796. The anthropology course was one of two courses in “Weltkenntnis” that Kant taught every year. The other, physical geography, was taught in the Summer semester. When he retired, Kant compiled the notes from his anthropology lecture course into Anthropologie in pragmatischer Hinsicht, the last publication (...)
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  29. Patrick Frierson, Kant's Empirical Psychology.
    This book offers a detailed explanation and analysis of Kant’s empirical psychology and applies that analysis to thinking through several particular issues in Kant’s philosophy more generally. Kant is one of the most important and widely discussed philosophers today and Oxford has a long tradition of publishing excellent monographs on Kant's philosophy (including, for example, recent books such as Robert Hanna’s Kant, Science, and Human Nature and Robert Louden’s Kant's Impure Ethics).
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