102 found
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Disambiguations:
Paul B. Thompson [106]Paul Banks Thompson [2]
See also:
Profile: Paul Thompson (Cardinal Stritch College)
Profile: Paul B. Thompson (Michigan State University)
  1.  4
    Paul B. Thompson (2010). The Agrarian Vision: Sustainability and Environmental Ethics. University Press of Kentucky.
    Agrarian political philosophies since ancient Greece stress the role of agriculture in forming political solidarity and civic virtue. More recent transformations suggest a way to conjoin these elements of what makes a polity politically sustainable with environmental sensitivity and literacy.
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  2. Paul B. Thompson (2008). The Opposite of Human Enhancement: Nanotechnology and the Blind Chicken Problem. [REVIEW] NanoEthics 2 (3):305-316.
    Nanotechnologies that have been linked to the possibility of enhancing cognitive capabilities of human beings might also be deployed to reduce or eliminate such capabilities in non-human vertebrate animals. A surprisingly large literature on the ethics of such disenhancement has been developed in response to the suggestion that it would be an ethically defensible response to animal suffering both in medical experimentation and in industrial livestock production. However, review of this literature illustrates the difficulty of formulating a coherent ethical debate. (...)
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  3. Paul B. Thompson (2015). From Field to Fork: Food Ethics for Everyone. Oxford University Press Usa.
    After centuries of neglect, the ethics of food are back with a vengeance. Justice for food workers and small farmers has joined the rising tide of concern over the impact of industrial agriculture on food animals and the broader environment, all while a global epidemic of obesity-related diseases threatens to overwhelm modern health systems. An emerging worldwide social movement has turned to local and organic foods, and struggles to exploit widespread concern over the next wave of genetic engineering or nanotechnologies (...)
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  4. Paul B. Thompson (2015). From Field to Fork: Food Ethics for Everyone. Oxford University Press Usa.
    After centuries of neglect, the ethics of food are back with a vengeance. Justice for food workers and small farmers has joined the rising tide of concern over the impact of industrial agriculture on food animals and the broader environment, all while a global epidemic of obesity-related diseases threatens to overwhelm modern health systems. An emerging worldwide social movement has turned to local and organic foods, and struggles to exploit widespread concern over the next wave of genetic engineering or nanotechnologies (...)
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  5.  20
    Paul B. Thompson (2012). Synthetic Biology Needs A Synthetic Bioethics. Ethics, Policy and Environment 15 (1):1 - 20.
    Recent developments in synthetic biology are described and characterized as moving the era of biotechnology into platform technologies. Platform technologies enable rapid and diffuse innovations and simultaneous product development in diffuse markets, often targeting sectors of the economy that have traditionally been thought to have little relationship to one another. In the case of synthetic biology, pharmaceutical and biofuel product development are occurring interactively. But the regulatory and ethical issues associated with these two applications share very little overlap. As such, (...)
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  6.  21
    Paul B. Thompson (2014). The GMO Quandary and What It Means for Social Philosophy. Social Philosophy Today 30:7-27.
    Agricultural crops developed using the tools of genetic engineering have become socially institutionalized in three ways that substantially compromise the inherent potential of plant transformation tools. The first is that when farming depends upon debt finance, farmers find themselves in a competitive situation such that efficiency-enhancing technology fuels a trend of bankruptcy and increasing scale of production. As efficiency increasing tools, GMOs are embedded in controversial processes of social change in rural economies. The United States, at least, has chosen not (...)
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  7. Paul B. Thompson (1998). Agricultural Ethics: Research, Teaching, and Public Policy. Iowa State University Press.
  8.  3
    Paul B. Thompson & Monica List (2015). Ebola Needs One Bioethics. Ethics, Policy and Environment 18 (1):96-102.
    Bioethics coverage of the recent Ebola outbreak neglected the ethical issues associated with aspects of the outbreak having environmental significance. The neglect of environmental dimensions is symptomatic of the way that the current institutionalization of bioethics as a field of inquiry separates medical and environmental expertise. As visionaries who are recognizing the need for better integration of human and veterinary medicine with environmental health are starting to call for “One Health”, it is now time to recognize the need for “One (...)
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  9.  2
    Paul B. Thompson & Thomas C. Hilde (eds.) (2000). The Agrarian Roots of Pragmatism. Vanderbilt University Press.
    Critically analyzes and revitalizes agrarian philosophy by tracing its evolution. Today, most historians, philosophers, political theorists, and scholars of rural America take a dim view of the agrarian ideal that farmers and farming occupy a special moral and political status in society. Agrarian rhetoric is generally seen as special pleading on the part of farmers seeking protection from labor reform and environmental regulation while continuing to receive direct payments and subsidies from the public till. Agrarianism should not be viewed as (...)
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  10.  8
    Paul B. Thompson (1994). The Spirit of the Soil: Agriculture and Environmental Ethics. Routledge.
    The Spirit of the Soil challenges environmentalists to think more deeply and creatively about agriculture. Paul B. Thompson identifies four `worldviews' which tackle agricultural ethics according to different philosophical priorities; productionism, stewardship, economics and holism. He examines current issues such as the use of pesticides and biotechnology from these ethical perspectives. This book achieves an open-ended account of sustainability designed to minimise hubris and help us to recapture the spirit of the soil.
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  11. Harold W. Baillie, William A. Galston, Sara Goering, Deborah Hellman, Mark Sagoff, Paul B. Thompson, Robert Wachbroit, David T. Wasserman & Richard M. Zaner (2003). Genetic Prospects: Essays on Biotechnology, Ethics, and Public Policy. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The essays in this volume apply philosophical analysis to address three kinds of questions: What are the implications of genetic science for our understanding of nature? What might it influence in our conception of human nature? What challenges does genetic science pose for specific issues of private conduct or public policy?
     
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  12.  47
    Paul B. Thompson (2008). The Agricultural Ethics of Biofuels: A First Look. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (2):183-198.
    A noticeable push toward using agricultural crops for ethanol production and for undertaking research to expand the range of possible biofuels began to dominate discussions of agricultural science and policy in the United States around 2005. This paper proposes two complementary philosophical approaches to examining the philosophical questions that should be posed in connection with this turn of events. One stresses a critique of underlying epistemological commitments in the scientific models being developed to determine the feasibility of various biofuels proposals. (...)
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  13. Paul B. Thompson (2010). Food Aid and the Famine Relief Argument (Brief Return). Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (3):209-227.
    Recent publications by Pogge ( Global ethics: seminal essays. St. Paul: Paragon House 2008 ) and by Singer ( The life you can save: acting now to end world poverty. New York: Random House 2009 ) have resuscitated a debate over the justifiability of famine relief between Singer and ecologist Garrett Hardin in the 1970s. Yet that debate concluded with a general recognition that (a) general considerations of development ethics presented more compelling ethical problems than famine relief; and (b) some (...)
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  14.  31
    Kyle Powys Whyte & Paul B. Thompson (2012). Ideas for How to Take Wicked Problems Seriously. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (4):441-445.
    Ideas for How to Take Wicked Problems Seriously Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s10806-011-9348-9 Authors Kyle Powys Whyte, Department of Philosophy, Michigan State University, 503 S. Kedzie Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA Paul B. Thompson, Department of Philosophy, Michigan State University, 503 S. Kedzie Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA Journal Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Online ISSN 1573-322X Print ISSN 1187-7863.
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  15.  23
    Paul B. Thompson (1999). The Ethics of Truth-Telling and the Problem of Risk. Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (4):489-510.
    Risk communication poses a challenge to ordinary norms of truth-telling because it can easily mislead. Analyzing this challenge in terms of a systematic divergence between expertise and public attitudes fails to recognize how two specific features of the concept of risk play a role in managing daily affairs. First, evaluating risk always incorporates an estimate of the reliability of information. Since risk communication is an effort at providing information, audiences will naturally and appropriately incorporate their assessment of the reliability of (...)
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  16.  18
    Paul B. Thompson (2001). The Reshaping of Conventional Farming: A North American Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2):217-229.
    Debates over the future of agriculture in North Americaestablish a dialectical opposition between conventional,industrial agriculture and alternative, sustainable agriculture.This opposition has roots that extend back to the 18th century inthe United States, but the debate has taken a number ofsurprising turns in the 20th century. Originally articulated as aphilosophy of the left, industrial agriculture has utilitarianmoral foundations. In the US and Canada, the articulation of analternative to industrial agriculture has drawn upon threecentral themes: the belief that agriculture is, in some (...)
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  17.  32
    Paul B. Thompson (2008). Agrarian Philosophy and Ecological Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (4):527-544.
    Mainstream environmental ethics grew out of an approach to value that was rooted in a particular conception of rationality and rational choice. As weaknesses in this approach have become more evident, environmental philosophers have experimented with both virtue ethics and with pragmatism as alternative starting points for developing a more truly ecological orientation to environmental philosophy. However, it is possible to see both virtue ethics and pragmatism as emerging from older philosophical traditions that are here characterized as “agrarian.” Agrarian philosophy (...)
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  18.  18
    Kenneth H. David & Paul B. Thompson (eds.) (2008). What Can Nanotechnology Learn From Biotechnology?: Social and Ethical Lessons for Nanoscience From the Debate Over Agrifood Biotechnology and Gmos. Elsevier/Academic Press.
    Printbegrænsninger: Der kan printes kapitelvis.
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  19.  13
    Paul B. Thompson (2008). Animal Biotechnology: How Not to Presume. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (6):49 – 50.
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  20.  5
    Paul B. Thompson (2016). Machines, Watersheds, and Sustainability. The Pluralist 11 (1):110-116.
    brook muller begins his contribution to the Coss Dialogues by contesting and at least partially deconstructing Le Corbusier’s aphorism “a house is a machine for living.” He then trades upon an ambiguity that masks the difference between watersheds that mark an important transition from one phase to another and those that are defined by the drainage area associated with a body of water. The 2015 Coss Dialogues took place in the watershed of the Grand River, which extends from its southeast (...)
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  21. Paul B. Thompson (2010). Value Judgments and Risk Comparisons : The Case of Genetically Engineered Crops. In Craig Hanks (ed.), Technology and Values: Essential Readings. Wiley-Blackwell 347-355.
     
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  22.  47
    Paul B. Thompson (2001). Privacy, Secrecy and Security. Ethics and Information Technology 3 (1):13-19.
    I will argue that one class of issues in computer ethics oftenassociated with privacy and a putative right to privacy isbest-analyzed in terms that make no substantive reference toprivacy at all. These issues concern the way that networkedinformation technology creates new ways in which conventionalrights to personal security can be threatened. However onechooses to analyze rights, rights to secure person and propertywill be among the most basic, the least controversial, and themost universally recognized. A risk-based approach to theseissues provides a (...)
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  23.  24
    Paul B. Thompson (1986). Letters to the Editor. Agriculture and Human Values 3 (3):85-86.
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  24.  14
    Paul B. Thompson (2012). The Agricultural Ethics of Biofuels: Climate Ethics and Mitigation Arguments. Poiesis and Praxis 8 (4):169-189.
    An environmental, climate mitigation rationale for research and development on liquid transportation fuels derived from plants emerged among many scientists and engineers during the last decade. However, between 2006 and 2010, this climate ethic for pursuing biofuel became politically entangled and conceptually confused with rationales for encouraging greater use of plant-based ethanol that were both unconnected to climate ethics and potentially in conflict with the value-commitments providing a mitigation-oriented reason to promote and develop new and expanded sources of biofuel. I (...)
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  25.  8
    Paul B. Thompson (1990). Agrarianism and the American Philosophical Tradition. Agriculture and Human Values 7 (1):3-8.
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  26.  49
    Paul B. Thompson (1997). Ethics and the Genetic Engineering of Food Animals. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 10 (1):1-23.
    Biotechnology applied to traditional foodanimals raises ethical issues in three distinctcategories. First are a series of issues that arise inthe transformation of pigs, sheep, cattle and otherdomesticated farm animals for purposes that deviatesubstantially from food production, including forxenotransplantation or production of pharmaceuticals.Ethical analysis of these issues must draw upon theresources of medical ethics; categorizing them asagricultural biotechnologies is misleading. The secondseries of issues relate to animal welfare. Althoughone can stipulate a number of different philosophicalfoundations for the ethical assessment of welfare,most (...)
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  27.  13
    Paul B. Thompson (2000). Reflections (2 of 4). Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (2):275-278.
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  28.  2
    Paul B. Thompson (1996). Pragmatism and Policy: The Case of Water. In Andrew Light & Eric Katz (eds.), Environmental Pragmatism. Routledge 187--208.
  29.  6
    Paul B. Thompson (1997). Science Policy and Moral Purity: The Case of Animal Biotechnology. Agriculture and Human Values 14 (1):11-27.
    Public controversy over animalbiotechnology is analyzed as a case that illustratestwo broad theoretical approaches for linking science,political or ethical theory, and public policy. Moralpurification proceeds by isolating the social,environmental, animal, and human health impacts ofbiotechnology from each other in terms of discretecategories of moral significance. Each of thesecategories can also be isolated from the sense inwhich biotechnology raises religious or metaphysicalissues. Moral purification yields a comprehensive andsystematic account of normative issues raised bycontroversial science. Hybridization proceeds bytaking concern for all these (...)
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  30.  4
    Evan Selinger, Paul B. Thompson & Harold Maurice Collins (2011). Catastrophe Ethics and Activist Speech: Reflections on Moral Norms, Advocacy, and Technical Judgment. Metaphilosophy 42:118-144.
    This essay critically examines whether there are ethical dimensions to the way that expertise, knowledge claims, and expressions of skepticism intersect on technical matters that influence public policy, especially during times of crisis. It compares two different perspectives on the matter: a philosophical outlook rooted in discourse and virtue ethics and a sociological outlook rooted in the so-called third-wave approach to science studies. The comparison occurs through metaphilosophical analysis and applied claims that clarify how the disciplinary orientations appear to lead (...)
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  31.  7
    Paul B. Thompson (1988). Ethical Dilemmas in Agriculture: The Need for Recognition and Resolution. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 5 (4):4-15.
    Agricultural research and education ended 100 years of funding under the Hatch Act with a decade of unprecedented criticism of goals and outcomes. This paper examines the way that planners can accommodate some of these criticisms within a framework for understanding the ethical and social goals of agriculture that is consistent with traditional practice. The paper goes on to state that some criticisms are so fundamental that they cannot be readily incorporated into this framework. They must be regarded as a (...)
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  32.  53
    Paul B. Thompson (1986). Collective Responsibility and Professional Roles. Journal of Business Ethics 5 (2):151 - 154.
    Flores and Johnson (Ethics 93 No. 3 (1983) pp. 537, 545.) offer a solution to the problem of individual and collective responsibility which obscures the fundamental requirement for responsibility ascriptions, namely, moral agency. Close attention to matters of individual and collective agency provides a simple yet defensible criterion for establishing when an individual is and isn't responsible for the untoward consequences of a collective act.
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  33.  7
    Paul B. Thompson (2007). Agriculture and Working-Class Political Culture: A Lesson From The Grapes of Wrath. Agriculture and Human Values 24 (2):165-177.
    John Steinbeck’s 1939 novel can be given a reading that links events and the mentality of characters to mainstream schools of liberal and neo-liberal political theory: libertarianism, egalitarianism, and utilitarianism. Each of these schools is sketched in outline and applied to topics in rural political culture. While it is likely that Steinbeck himself would have identified with an egalitarian or utilitarian view, he resists the temptation to deny his Okie characters an authentic voice that matches none of these schools so (...)
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  34.  9
    Carolyn Raffensperger, Mora Campbell & Paul B. Thompson (1998). Considering The Spirit of the Soil by Paul B. Thompson. Agriculture and Human Values 15 (2):161-176.
  35.  47
    Paul B. Thompson (2013). F. Bailey Norwood and Jayson L. Lusk: Compassion by the Pound: The Economics of Farm Animal Welfare. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (2):517-521.
    F. Bailey Norwood and Jayson L. Lusk: Compassion by the Pound: The Economics of Farm Animal Welfare Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s10806-012-9377-z Authors Paul B. Thompson, WK Kellogg Professor of Agricultural, Food and Community Ethics, Department of Philosophy, Michigan State University, 503 South Kedzie Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824-1032, USA Journal Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Online ISSN 1573-322X Print ISSN 1187-7863.
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  36.  2
    Paul B. Thompson (1997). Sustainability as a Norm. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 2 (2):99-110.
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  37.  29
    Paul B. Thompson (1981). Bolzano's Deducibility and Tarski's Logical Consequence. History and Philosophy of Logic 2 (1-2):11-20.
    In this paper I argue that Bolzano's concept of deducibility and Tarski's concept of logical consequence differ with respect to their philosophical intent. I distinguish between epistemic and ontic approaches to logic, and argue that Bolzano's deducibility presupposes an epistemic approach, while Tarski's logical consequence presupposes an ontic approach.
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  38.  6
    Paul B. Thompson (2015). Introduction, Dan Bromley, 2014 Coss Dialogues Invited Speaker. The Pluralist 10 (1):1-5.
    the coss dialogues were initiated in 1995 to foster cross talk between philosophers working in the classical American tradition modeled by C. S. Peirce, William James, John Dewey, Jane Addams, and others, on the one hand, and contemporary representatives from other traditions, especially disciplines other than philosophy, on the other. The format for the Coss Dialogues was originally conceived as a plenary presentation at the annual meeting of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy by an invited speaker representing (...)
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  39.  16
    Paul B. Thompson (2008). Borgmann on Commodification: A Comment on Real American Ethics. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (1):75-84.
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  40.  4
    Paul B. Thompson (2015). From World Hunger to Food Sovereignty: Food Ethics and Human Development. Journal of Global Ethics 11 (3):336-350.
    The role of Amartya Sen's early work on famine notwithstanding, food security is generally seen as but one capability among many for scholars writing in development ethics. The early literature on the ethics of hunger is summarized to show how Sen's Poverty and Famines was written in response to debates of past decades, and a brief discussion of food security as a capability follows. However, Sen's characterization of smallholder food security also supports the development of agency in both a political (...)
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  41.  20
    Paul B. Thompson (2007). Norton's Sustainability : Some Comments on Risk and Sustainability. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (4):375-386.
    Bryan Norton’s 2005 book Sustainability describes a pragmatic approach to environmental philosophy that stresses philosophy’s role as one of mediating between scientific and ordinary language. But on two topics, Norton’s approach is not pragmatic enough. In the case of his discussion of risk, he accedes to a scientific notion that fails to acknowledge the way that ordinary usage of the word risk involves pragmatic links to human action and moral responsibility. With respect to the word sustainability, his analysis fails to (...)
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  42.  10
    Paul B. Thompson (1997). Report of the Nabc Ad-Hoc Committee on Ethics. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 10 (2):105-125.
    1. Each NABC member institutions should ensure that subject matter on ethical issues associated with food and agricultural biotechnology is systematically integrated into the curriculum of their institution. The pattern of implementation will vary a teach institution, but we expect that some combination of the following three strategies will be employed at most institutions. a) Modules Included in Basic and Applied Science Courses b) Modules Included in General Courses on Applied Ethics c) Special courses on Ethics and Food Biotechnology 2. (...)
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  43.  35
    Paul B. Thompson (1986). The Philosophical Foundations of Risk. Southern Journal of Philosophy 24 (2):273-286.
    Rescher's 1983 study of risk analysis marks an important departure from game theory in that philosophical foundations for risk are neither formal nor implicit, But explicitly defined objective properties. Rescher's claim that these foundations are ontological fails, However. His ontology is internally inconsistent. Furthermore, Risk is always interest relative, Making it impossible to remove epistemological considerations entirely from any account of its foundations.
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  44.  30
    Paul B. Thompson (1988). Ethics in Agricultural Research. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (1):11-20.
    Utilitarian ethics provides a model for evaluating moral responsibility in agricultural research decisions according to the balance of costs and benefits accruing to the public at large. Given the traditions and special requirements of agricultural research planning, utilitarian theory is well adapted to serve as a starting point for evaluating these decisions, but utilitarianism has defects that are well documented in the philosophical literature. Criticisms of research decisions in agricultural mechanization and biotechnology correspond to documented defects in utilitarian theory. Research (...)
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  45. Paul B. Thompson (2005). The Spirit of the Soil: Agriculture and Environmental Ethics. Routledge.
    _The Spirit of the Soil_ challenges environmentalists to think more deeply and creatively about agriculture. Paul B. Thompson identifies four `worldviews' which tackle agricultural ethics according to different philosophical priorities; productionism, stewardship, economics and holism. He examines current issues such as the use of pesticides and biotechnology from these ethical perspectives. This book achieves an open-ended account of sustainability designed to minimise hubris and help us to recapture the spirit of the soil.
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  46.  54
    Paul B. Thompson (1999). Ethical Issues in Livestock Cloning. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 11 (3):197-217.
    Although cloning may eventually become an important technology for livestock production, four ethical issues must be addressed before the practice becomes widespread. First, researchers must establish that the procedure is not detrimental to the health or well-being of affected animals. Second, animal research institutions should evaluate the net social benefits to livestock producers by weighing the benefits to producers against the opportunity cost of research capacity lost to biomedical projects. Third, scientists should consider the indirect effects of cloning research on (...)
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  47.  53
    Bryan Norton, Paul B. Thompson, David Schmidtz, Elizabeth Willott & Mark Sagoff (2006). Mark Sagoff 's Price, Principle, and the Environment: Two Comments. Ethics, Place and Environment 9 (3):337 – 372.
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  48. Paul B. Thompson (1992). The Ethics of Aid and Trade: U.S. Food Policy, Foreign Competition, and the Social Contract. Cambridge University Press.
    The traditional military-territorial model of the nation state defines international duties in terms of protecting citizens' property from foreign threats. In this 1992 book about the principles of the US agricultural policy and foreign aid, Professor Thompson replaces this model with the notion of the trading state that sees its role in terms of the establishment of international institutions that stabilize and facilitate cultural and intellectual, as well as commercial, exchanges between nations. The argument focuses on protectionist challenges to foreign (...)
     
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  49.  9
    Paul B. Thompson (1997). Food Biotechnology's Challenge to Cultural Integrity and Individual Consent. Hastings Center Report 27 (4):34-39.
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  50.  12
    Paul B. Thompson (2014). Environmentalism and Posthumanism. Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 21 (2):63-73.
    The term ‘posthumanism’ has not been promoted by many environmental philosophers, and it is not clear how the figures I discuss would react to be being characterized as posthumanist. It is more typical for advocates of the perspectives I discuss to characterize them with labels such as ‘non-anthropocentric,’ ‘ecocentric’, or ‘deep ecology.’ Yet, as I will argue, the ideas that have emerged in these lines of thought reflect philosophical commitments that could aptly be characterized as posthumanist.
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