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Paul Bloom [78]Paul Richard Bloom [1]
  1. Steven Pinker & Paul Bloom (1990). Natural Selection and Natural Language. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):707-784.
     
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  2. Steven Pinker & Paul Bloom (1990). Natural Language and Natural Selection. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):707-27.
    Many people have argued that the evolution of the human language faculty cannot be explained by Darwinian natural selection. Chomsky and Gould have suggested that language may have evolved as the by-product of selection for other abilities or as a consequence of as-yet unknown laws of growth and form. Others have argued that a biological specialization for grammar is incompatible with every tenet of Darwinian theory – that it shows no genetic variation, could not exist in any intermediate forms, confers (...)
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  3.  96
    Paul Bloom (1996). Intention, History, and Artifact Concepts. Cognition 60 (1):1-29.
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  4.  75
    Paul Bloom, Religion is Natural.
    Despite its considerable intellectual interest and great social relevance, religion has been neglected by contemporary develop- mental psychologists. But in the last few years, there has been an emerging body of research exploring children’s grasp of certain universal religious ideas. Some recent findings suggest that two foundational aspects of religious belief – belief in divine agents, and belief in mind–body dualism – come naturally to young children. This research is briefly reviewed, and some future directions..
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  5.  37
    Paul Bloom (2000). Two Reasons to Abandon the False Belief Task as a Test of Theory of Mind. Cognition 77 (1):25-31.
  6.  40
    Paul Bloom (2013). Just Babies: The Origins of Good and Evil. Crown.
    A leading cognitive scientist argues that a deep sense of good and evil is bred in the bone. From John Locke to Sigmund Freud, philosophers and psychologists have long believed that we begin life as blank moral slates. Many of us take for granted that babies are born selfish and that it is the role of society—and especially parents—to transform them from little sociopaths into civilized beings. In Just Babies, Paul Bloom argues that humans are in fact hardwired with a (...)
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  7.  16
    Yoel Inbar, David A. Pizarro & Paul Bloom (2009). Conservatives Are More Easily Disgusted Than Liberals. Cognition and Emotion 23 (4):714-725.
    The uniquely human emotion of disgust is intimately connected to morality in many, perhaps all, cultures. We report two studies suggesting that a predisposition to feel disgust is associated with more conservative political attitudes, especially for issues related to the moral dimension of purity. In the first study, we document a positive correlation between disgust sensitivity and self-reported conservatism in a broad sample of US adults. In Study 2 we show that while disgust sensitivity is associated with more conservative attitudes (...)
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  8.  18
    Konika Banerjee & Paul Bloom (2013). Would Tarzan Believe in God? Conditions for the Emergence of Religious Belief. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (1):7-8.
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  9.  10
    Mark Sheskin, Paul Bloom & Karen Wynn (2014). Anti-Equality: Social Comparison in Young Children. Cognition 130 (2):152-156.
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  10.  8
    Konika Banerjee & Paul Bloom (2014). Why Did This Happen to Me? Religious Believers’ and Non-Believers’ Teleological Reasoning About Life Events. Cognition 133 (1):277-303.
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  11.  2
    Paul Bloom (1994). Generativity Within Language and Other Cognitive Domains. Cognition 51 (2):177-189.
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  12.  10
    Valerie A. Kuhlmeier, Paul Bloom & Karen Wynn (2004). Do 5-Month-Old Infants See Humans as Material Objects? Cognition 94 (1):95-103.
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  13.  24
    Paul Bloom & Lori Markson (1998). Capacities Underlying Word Learning. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (2):67-73.
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  14. Joshua Knobe, Paul Bloom & David Pizarro, College Students Implicitly Judge Interracial Sex and Gay Sex to Be Morally Wrong.
    College students implicitly judge interracial sex and gay sex to be morally wrong Some moral intuitions arise from psychological processes that are not fully accessible to consciousness. For instance, most people disapprove of consensual adult incest between siblings, but are unable to articulate why—they just feel that it is wrong (Haidt, 2001). More generally, there is evidence for at least two sources of moral judgment: explicit conscious reasoning and tacit intuitions, which are motivated by emotional responses (Greene et al., 2001) (...)
     
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  15.  16
    Paul Bloom (2007). More Than Words: A Reply to Malt and Sloman. Cognition 105 (3):649-655.
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  16.  9
    Melissa Allen Preissler & Paul Bloom (2008). Two-Year-Olds Use Artist Intention to Understand Drawings. Cognition 106 (1):512-518.
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  17.  8
    Paul Bloom & Csaba Veres (1999). The Perceived Intentionality of Groups. Cognition 71 (1):B1-B9.
  18.  2
    Kurt Gray, Joshua Knobe, Mark Sheskin, Paul Bloom & Lisa Feldman Barrett (2011). More Than a Body: Mind Perception and the Nature of Objectification. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 101 (6):1207-1220.
    According to models of objectification, viewing someone as a body induces de-mentalization, stripping away their psychological traits. Here evidence is presented for an alternative account, where a body focus does not diminish the attribution of all mental capacities but, instead, leads perceivers to infer a different kind of mind. Drawing on the distinction in mind perception between agency and experience, it is found that focusing on someone's body reduces perceptions of agency but increases perceptions of experience. These effects were found (...)
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  19.  2
    Paul Bloom (1998). Theories of Artifact Categorization. Cognition 66 (1):87-93.
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  20.  1
    Christina Starmans & Paul Bloom (2012). Windows to the Soul: Children and Adults See the Eyes as the Location of the Self. Cognition 123 (2):313-318.
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  21.  99
    Paul Bloom & Frank C. Keil (2001). Thinking Through Language. Mind and Language 16 (4):351–367.
    What would it be like to have never learned English, but instead only to know Hopi, Mandarin Chinese, or American Sign Language? Would that change the way you think? Imagine entirely losing your language, as the result of stroke or trauma. You are aphasic, unable to speak or listen, read or write. What would your thoughts now be like? As the most extreme case, imagine having been raised without any language at all, as a wild child. What—if anything—would it be (...)
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  22.  8
    Eric Luis Uhlmann, David A. Pizarro & Paul Bloom (2008). Varieties of Social Cognition. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 38 (3):293-322.
    Recent work within psychology demonstrates that unconscious cognition plays a central role in the judgments and actions of individuals. We distinguish between two basic types unconscious social cognition: unconsciousness of the influences on judgments and actions, and unconscious of the mental states that give rise to judgments and actions. Influence unconsciousness is corroborated by strong empirical evidence, but unconscious states are difficult to verify. We discuss procedures aimed at providing conclusive evidence of state unconsciousness, and apply them to recent empirical (...)
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  23. Paul Bloom (2001). Précis of How Children Learn the Meanings of Words. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1095-1103.
    Normal children learn tens of thousands of words, and do so quickly and efficiently, often in highly impoverished environments. In How Children Learn the Meanings of Words, I argue that word learning is the product of certain cognitive and linguistic abilities that include the ability to acquire concepts, an appreciation of syntactic cues to meaning, and a rich understanding of the mental states of other people. These capacities are powerful, early emerging, and to some extent uniquely human, but they are (...)
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  24.  2
    Grant Gutheil, Paul Bloom, Nohemy Valderrama & Rebecca Freedman (2004). The Role of Historical Intuitions in Children's and Adults' Naming of Artifacts. Cognition 91 (1):23-42.
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  25.  45
    Paul Bloom (2002). Mindreading, Communication and the Learning of Names for Things. Mind and Language 17 (1&2):37–54.
    There are two facts about word learning that everyone accepts. The first is that words really do have to be learned. There is controversy over how much conceptual structure and linguistic knowledge is innate, but nobody thinks that this is the case for the specific mappings between sounds (or signs) and meanings. This is because these mappings vary arbitrarily from culture to culture. No matter how intelligent a British baby is, for instance, she still has to learn, by attending to (...)
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  26. Paul Bloom (1998). Different Structures for Concepts of Individuals, Stuffs, and Real Kinds: One Mama, More Milk, and Many Mice. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):66-67.
    Although our concepts of “Mama,” “milk,” and “mice” have much in common, the suggestion that they are identical in structure in the mind of the prelinguistic child is mistaken. Even infants think about objects as different from substances and appreciate the distinction between kinds (e.g., mice) and individuals (e.g., Mama). Such cognitive capacities exist in other animals as well, and have important adaptive consequences.
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  27.  10
    Deena Skolnick & Paul Bloom (2006). What Does Batman Think About Spongebob? Children's Understanding of the Fantasy/Fantasy Distinction. Cognition 101 (1):B9-B18.
  28.  8
    Bruce Hood, Nathalia L. Gjersoe & Paul Bloom (2012). Do Children Think That Duplicating the Body Also Duplicates the Mind? Cognition 125 (3):466-474.
  29.  28
    Paul Bloom (2008). Three- and Four-Year-Olds Spontaneously Use Others' Past Performance to Guide Their Learning. Cognition 107 (3):1018-1034.
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  30.  6
    Paul Bloom & Deborah Kelemen (1995). Syntactic Cues in the Acquisition of Collective Nouns. Cognition 56 (1):1-30.
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  31.  20
    Paul Bloom (2004). Understanding Children's and Adults' Limitations in Mental State Reasoning. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (6):255-260.
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  32.  62
    Paul Bloom (2008). Psychological Essentialism in Selecting the 14th Dalai Lama. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (7):243.
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  33.  25
    Paul Bloom (2000). Young Children Are Sensitive to How an Object Was Created When Deciding What to Name It. Cognition 76 (2):91-103.
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  34.  45
    Paul Bloom & Frank C. Keil (2001). Thinking Through Language. Mind and Language 16 (4):351-367.
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  35. David A. Pizarro & Paul Bloom (2003). The Intelligence of the Moral Intuitions: A Comment on Haidt. Psychological Review 110 (1):193-196.
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  36. Yoel Inbar, David A. Pizarro, Joshua Knobe & Paul Bloom (2009). Disgust Sensitivity Predicts Intuitive Disapproval of Gays. Emotion 9 (3): 435– 43.
    Two studies demonstrate that a dispositional proneness to disgust (“disgust sensitivity”) is associated with intuitive disapproval of gay people. Study 1 was based on previous research showing that people are more likely to describe a behavior as intentional when they see it as morally wrong (see Knobe, 2006, for a review). As predicted, the more disgust sensitive participants were, the more likely they were to describe an agent whose behavior had the side effect of causing gay men to kiss in (...)
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  37.  69
    Paul Bloom (2006). What Does Batman Think About SpongeBob? Children's Understanding of the Fantasy/Fantasy Distinction. Cognition 101 (1):9-18.
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  38.  12
    Paul Bloom & Lori Markson (2001). Are There Principles That Apply Only to the Acquisition of Words? A Reply to Waxman and Booth. Cognition 78 (1):89-90.
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  39.  13
    Thalia R. Goldstein & Paul Bloom (2011). The Mind on Stage: Why Cognitive Scientists Should Study Acting. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (4):141-142.
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  40.  73
    Paul Bloom (2006). The Chomsky of Morality? [REVIEW] Nature 443 (26):909-10.
    In Moral Minds, Marc Hauser makes an audacious claim about moral thought. He argues that morality is best understood in much the same way as Noam Chomsky described language: as the product of an innate and universal mental faculty. For Hauser, moral intuition is not the product of culture and education, nor is it the result of rational and deliberative thought, nor doesitreduce to the workings of the emotions. Instead, it is human nature to unconsciously and automatically evaluate the moral (...)
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  41.  25
    Paul Bloom (2008). Children Prefer Certain Individuals Over Perfect Duplicates. Cognition 106 (1):455-462.
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  42. Paul Bloom (2002). Get Smart. In Robert J. Sternberg & J. Kaufman (eds.), The Evolution of Intelligence. Lawrence Erlbaum 359--367.
     
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  43.  25
    Paul Bloom (2002). Enumeration of Collective Entities by 5-Month-Old Infants. Cognition 83 (3):55-62.
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  44.  5
    Valerie A. Kuhlmeier, Karen Wynn & Paul Bloom (2004). People V. Objects: A Reply to Rakison and Cicchino. Cognition 94 (1):109-112.
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  45.  5
    Paul Bloom (1991). What Does Language Acquisition Tell Us About Language Evolution? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):553-554.
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  46.  55
    Paul Bloom, Causal Deviance and the Attribution of Moral Responsibility.
    Are current theories of moral responsibility missing a factor in the attribution of blame and praise? Four studies demonstrated that even when cause, intention, and outcome (factors generally assumed to be sufficient for the ascription of moral responsibility) are all present, blame and praise are discounted when the factors are not linked together in the usual manner (i.e., cases of ‘‘causal deviance’’). Experiment 4 further demonstrates that this effect of causal deviance is driven by intuitive gut feelings of right and (...)
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  47.  17
    Eric Luis Uhlmann, Luke Lei Zhu, David A. Pizarro & Paul Bloom (2012). Blood is Thicker: Moral Spillover Effects Based on Kinship. Cognition 124 (2):239-243.
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  48.  50
    Paul Bloom (2006). My Brain Made Me Do It. Journal of Cognition and Culture 6 (1): 1567-7095.
    Shaun Nichols (this issue) correctly points out that current theories of the development of mindreading say nothing about children's intuitions concerning indeterminist choice. That is, there are numerous theories of how children make sense of belief, desire, and action, but none that appeal to any notion of free will. Nichols suggests two alternatives for why this is the case. It could either be (a) an --outrageous oversight-- on the part of developmental psychologists or (b) a principled omission, reflecting a consensus (...)
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  49.  9
    Paul Bloom (2012). IWho Cares About the Evolution of Stories? Critical Inquiry 38 (2):388-393.
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  50. George E. Newman & Paul Bloom (2012). Art and Authenticity: The Importance of Originals in Judgments of Value. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (3):558-569.
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