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Profile: Paul Edward Oppenheimer (Stanford University)
  1. Paul E. Oppenheimer & Edward N. Zalta (1991). On the Logic of the Ontological Argument. Philosophical Perspectives 5:509-529.
    In this paper, the authors show that there is a reading of St. Anselm's ontological argument in Proslogium II that is logically valid (the premises entail the conclusion). This reading takes Anselm's use of the definite description "that than which nothing greater can be conceived" seriously. Consider a first-order language and logic in which definite descriptions are genuine terms, and in which the quantified sentence "there is an x such that..." does not imply "x exists". Then, using an ordinary logic (...)
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  2. Paul E. Oppenheimer & Edward N. Zalta (2007). Reflections on the Logic of the Ontological Argument. Studia Neoaristotelica 4 (1):28-35.
    In this paper, the authors evaluate the ontological argument they developed in their 1991 paper as to soundness. They focus on Anselm's first premise, which asserts: there is a conceivable thing than which nothing greater is conceivable. After suggesting reasons why this premise is false, the authors show that there is a reading of this premise on which it is true. Such a premise can be used in a valid and sound reconstruction of the ontological argument. This argument is developed (...)
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    Paul E. Oppenheimer & Edward N. Zalta (2007). O logice ontologického důkazu. Studia Neoaristotelica 4 (1):5-27.
    In this paper, the authors show that there is a reading of St. Anselm’s ontological argument in Proslogium II that is logically valid (the premises entail the conclusion). This reading takes Anselm’s use of the definite description “that than which nothing greater can be conceived” seriously. Consider a first-order language and logic in which definite descriptions are genuine terms, and in which the quantified sentence “there is an x such that…” does not imply “x exists”. Then, using an ordinary logic (...)
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    Edward N. Zalta & Paul E. Oppenheimer (2007). O logice ontologického důkazu. Studia Neoaristotelica 4 (1):5-27.
    De argumenti ontologici forma logicaTractatione proposita auctores manifestant, „Argumentum Ontologicum“ St. Anselmi in 2° capitulo eius Proslogii inscriptum ut validum exponi posse (i. e. consequentiam bonam servando). Hac in interpretatione vis et notio descriptionis illae „id quo maius cogitari nequit“, qua Anselmus usus est, rite agnoscitur. Datis enim lingua formali „primi ordinis“, ut aiunt, et systemati deductivo logicae huiusmodi, in quo descriptiones definitae genuini sunt termini et ubi a sententia „datur x quod…“ signo quantitatis praefixa ad sententiam „x exsistit“ consequentia (...)
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