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  1. Paul Franceschi, Complement to a Theory of the Cognitive Distortions.
    The purpose of this study is to describe a conceptual framework for cognitive distortions, which notably allows to specify more accurately their intrinsic relationships. This conceptual framework aims at inserting itself within the apparatus of cognitive therapy and of critical thinking. The present analysis is based on the following fundamental concepts: the reference class, the duality and the system of taxa. With the help of these three notions, each cognitive distortion can be defined. A distinction is also made between, on (...)
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  2. Paul Franceschi, Http://Www.Univ-Corse.Fr/~Franceschi.
    Infinite Minds is the fourth book of John Leslie, which follows Value and Existence (1979), Universes (1989) and The End of the World (1996). Infinite Minds presents a very rich content, and covers a number of particularly varied subjects . Among these latter, one can notably mention: omniscience, the problem of Evil, the fine-tuning argument, observational selection effects, the identity of indiscernables, time, infiniteness, the nature of consciousness.
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  3. Paul Franceschi, On a Class of Concepts.
    Classically, in the discussion relating to polar opposites1, one primarily directs his interest to the common and lexicalized concepts, i.e. for which there exists a corresponding word in the vocabulary inherent to a given language. This way of proceeding tends to generate several disadvantages. One of them resides in the fact (i) that such concepts are likely to vary from one language to another, from one culture to another. Another (ii) of the resulting problems is that certain lexicalized concepts reveal (...)
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  4. Paul Franceschi, 8qh 6roxwlrq Srxu o¶$Ujxphqw Gh o¶$Srfdo\Svh.
    Attribué à Brandon Carter, l'DUJXPHQW GH O$SRFDO\SVH ('RRPVGD\ $UJXPHQW, soit DA, dans ce qui suit) a été décrit par John Leslie (1992). On peut formuler ainsi cet argument. Soit $ l'événement: O$SRFDO\SVH VH SURGXLUD DYDQW ODQ ; et % l'événement: O$SRFDO\SVH QH VH SURGXLUD SDV DYDQW . Soit également = l'événement: MDL FRQQX OHV DQQpHV . On peut par ailleurs estimer à 40 milliards le nombre d'humains ayant existé depuis la naissance de l'humanité.
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  5. Paul Franceschi, &Rpphqw O8uqh Gh &Duwhu Hw /Hvolh Vh 'Pyhuvh Gdqv Fhooh Gh +Hpsho.
    Le philosophe mit le pied sur la première marche du IXWXURWURQ. C'était la première fois qu'il utilisait cet appareil pour ses recherches. Bien qu'il vienne seulement d'être mis au point et qu'il ne soit encore qu'à l'état de prototype, ce futurotron pouvait décidément rendre de grands services. De nombreux chercheurs de différentes disciplines l'avaient d'ailleurs déjà utilisé de manière très fructueuse.
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  6. Paul Franceschi, Sleeping Beauty and the Problem of World Reduction.
    I describe in this paper a solution to the Sleeping Beauty problem. I begin with the consensual emerald case and discuss then Bostrom's Incubator gedanken. I address then the Sleeping Beauty problem. I argue that the root cause of the flaw in the argument for 1/3 is an erroneous assimilation with a repeated experiment. I show that the same type of analysis also applies to Elga's version of the argument for 1/3. Lastly, I show that the core of the Sleeping (...)
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  7. Paul Franceschi, The Dialectic Plan: An Alternative to the Paradigm.
    In Franceschi (2002), I exposed a theory which aims to constitute an alternative to the classification proposed by Greimas in the field of paradigmatic analysis. In the present article, I proceed to draw the consequences of this latter theory by applying it to the technique of conception of a plan. Regarding the dialectic plan, the current paradigm is in effect a plan of the type..
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  8. Paul Franceschi (2012). The Problem of the Relationships of Love, Hate and Indifference. Semiotica 152.
    In Franceschi (2002), I presented a theory based on the matrices of concepts aiming at providing an alternative to the classification proposed by Greimas, in the field of paradigmatic analysis. The problem of specifying the relationships of the concepts of love, hate and indifference, arises in this construction. I attach myself to describe the problem of the love-hate-indifference relationships in detail, and several solutions that have been proposed to solve it. Finally I expose a solution to this problem, based on (...)
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  9. Paul Franceschi (2010). A Logical Defence of Maher's Model of Polythematic Delusions. Journal of Philosophical Research 35 (2).
  10. Paul Franceschi (2009). A Third Route to the Doomsday Argument. Journal of Philosophical Research 34:263-278.
    In this paper, I present a solution to the Doomsday argument based on a third type of solution, by contrast to, on the one hand, the Carter-Leslie view and, on the other hand, the Eckhardt et al. analysis. I begin by strengthening both competing models by highlighting some variations of their original models, which renders them less vulnerable to several objections. I then describe a third line of solution, which incorporates insights from both Leslie and Eckhardt’s models and fits more (...)
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  11. Paul Franceschi, An Ontological Solution to the Sleeping Beauty Problem.
    I describe in this paper an ontological solution to the Sleeping Beauty problem. I begin with describing the Entanglement urn experiment. I restate first the Sleeping Beauty problem from a wider perspective than the usual opposition between halfers and thirders. I also argue that the Sleeping Beauty experiment is best modelled with the Entanglement urn. I draw then the consequences of considering that some balls in the Entanglement urn have ontologically different properties form normal ones. The upshot is that I (...)
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  12. Paul Franceschi, The Simulation Argument and the Self-Indication Assumption.
    I present in this paper a line of refutation of the Simulation Argument. I recall first Bostrom's Simulation Argument. I draw then a comparison between the Emerald Case and the core analogy underlying the Simulation Argument. I also discuss the justification of the Self-Indication Assumption and its relationship with the Simulation Argument. I show lastly that the Simulation Argument is a disguised reformulation of an application of an extended form of the Self-Indication Assumption to the situation related to the Simulation (...)
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  13. Paul Franceschi (2008). Une défense logique du modèle de Maher pour les délires polythématiques. Philosophiques 35 (2):451-475.
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  14. Paul Franceschi, A Brief Introduction to N-Universes.
    I describe in this paper the basic elements of the n-universes, a methodological tool originally introduced in Franceschi (2001) in the context of the study of Goodman's paradox. As the n-universes can be used in wide-ranging applications, such as thought experiments, I describe them from an essentially pragmatic standpoint, i.e. by describing accurately the step-by-step process which leads to a given modelisation.
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  15. Paul Franceschi (2007). Analyse paradigmatique d'un corpus de proverbes à l'aide des matrices de concepts. Semiotica 2007 (167):271-282.
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  16. Paul Franceschi, Le Paradoxe Des Deux Enveloppes Et le Choix de L'Indifférence.
    I present in this paper a solution to the Two-Envelope Paradox. I begin with stating the paradox and describing some related experiments. I justify then the fact that choosing either envelope is indifferent. I also point out the flaw in the reasoning inherent to the two-envelope paradox.
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  17. Paul Franceschi (2007). Paradigmatic Analysis of a Corpus of Proverbs with the Help of Concept Matrices. Semiotica 167 (1-4):271-282.
     
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  18. Paul Franceschi (2006). Probabilistic Situations for Goodman's N-Universe. Journal of Philosophical Research 31:123-141.
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  19. Paul Franceschi (2006). Situations Probabilistes Pour N-Univers Goodmaniens. Journal of Philosophical Research 31:123-141.
    I describe several applications of the theory of n-universes through several different probabilistic situations. I describe fi rst how n-universes can be used as an extension of the probability spaces used in probability theory. The extended probability spaces thus defined allow for a finer modeling of complex probabilistic situations and fi ts more intuitively with our intuitions related to our physical universe. I illustrate then the use of n-universes as a methodological tool, with two thought experiments described by John Leslie. (...)
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  20. Paul Franceschi (2005). Joseph Vidal-Rosset, Qu'est-ce qu'un paradoxe?, Paris, Vrin, coll.«Chemins philosophiques», 2004, 120 pages. Joseph Vidal-Rosset, Qu'est-ce qu'un paradoxe?, Paris, Vrin, coll.«Chemins philosophiques», 2004, 120 pages. [REVIEW] Philosophiques 32 (2):474-476.
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  21. Paul Franceschi (2005). Une analyse dichotomique du paradoxe de l'examen-surprise. Philosophiques 32 (2):399-421.
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  22. Paul Franceschi (2004). Causalité Et Lots de la Nature Max Kistler Collection «Mathésis» Paris, Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin, 1999, 311 P. Dialogue 43 (01):192-.
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  23. Paul Franceschi (2004). Causalité Et Lois de la Nature. Dialogue 43 (1):192-193.
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  24. Paul Franceschi (2004). Le problème des relations amour-haine-indifférence. Semiotica 2004 (152 - 1/4):251-260.
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  25. Paul Franceschi, A Polar Concept Argument for the Existence of Abstracta.
    In this paper, I present a polar concept argument for the existence of abstract objects. After recalling the fundamentals concerning the debate about the existence of abstracta, I present in a detailed way the argument for the existence of abstracta. I offer two different variations of the argument: one, deductive and the other, inductive. The argument rests primarily on the fact that our universe is well-balanced. This well-balanced property results from the fact that all instantiable polar dualities are instantiated. Hence, (...)
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  26. Paul Franceschi (2003). John Leslie, Infinite Minds, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2001, 234 Pages.John Leslie, Infinite Minds, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2001, 234 Pages. [REVIEW] Philosophiques 30 (2):453-455.
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  27. Paul Franceschi (2003). Le plan dialectique: Pour une alternative au paradigme. Semiotica 2003 (146).
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  28. Paul Franceschi, On the Circularity in the Sorites Paradox.
    I begin by highlighting the importance of the step size in the induction step of the sorites paradox. A careful analysis reveals that the step size can be characterised as a proper instance of the concept very small . After having accurately described the structure of sorites-susceptible predicates, I argue that the structure of the induction step in the Sorites Paradox is inherently circular. This circularity emerges in the structure of Wang's paradox and also of the classical variations of the (...)
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  29. Paul Franceschi, Sleeping Beauty in Flatland.
    I present a solution to the Sleeping Beauty problem. I begin with the consensual emerald case and describe then a set of relevant urn analogies and situations. These latter experiments make it easier to diagnose the flaw in the thirder's line of reasoning. I discuss in detail the root cause of the flaw in the argument for 1/3 which is an erroneous assimilation with a repeated experiment. Lastly, I discuss an informative variant of the original Sleeping Beauty experiment that casts (...)
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  30. Paul Franceschi, An Analytic View of Delusion.
    The present article proposes a logical account of delusions, which are regarded as conclusions resulting from fallacious arguments. This leads to distinguish between primary, secondary, ..., n-ary types of delusional arguments. Examples of delusional arguments leading to delusion of reference, delusion of influence, thought-broadcasting delusion and delusion of grandeur are described and then analyzed. This suggests finally a way susceptible of improving the efficiency of cognitive therapy for delusions.
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  31. Paul Franceschi, A Dichotomic Analysis of the Surprise Examination Paradox.
    This paper presents a dichotomic analysis of the surprise examination paradox. In section 1, I analyse the surprise notion in detail. I introduce then in section 2, the distinction between a monist and dichotomic analysis of the paradox. I also present there a dichotomy leading to distinguish two basically and structurally different versions of the paradox, respectively based on a conjoint and a disjoint definition of the surprise. In section 3, I describe the solution to SEP corresponding to the conjoint (...)
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  32. Paul Franceschi, On the Impossibility of Successful Ontological Arguments.
    This paper presents a novel objection to ontological arguments. This objection aims at showing that ontological arguments in general, given the intrinsic nature of their conclusion, are of an impossible nature. The argument rests on the fact that conclusive ontological arguments would contradict the very nature of God.
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  33. Paul Franceschi, Une Application Des N-Univers a l'Argument de l'Apocalypse Et au Paradoxe de Goodman.
    Several philosophical problems are based on an analogy between a real situation and a probabilistic model. Such problems are based on urn analogies. The present dissertation aims to describe and implement a methodology oriented towards the resolution of philosophical problems based on an urn analogy. This methodology is based on the use of the n-universes. To this end, I describe first the n-universes in a detailed way. I also discuss the difficulties of the theory of n-universes related to the demultiplication (...)
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  34. Paul Franceschi (2002). Une classe de concepts. Semiotica 139 (139):211-226.
    Je m'attache dans le présent article à élaborer la construction d'une classe générale de concepts, qui intègre notamment un certain nombre de contraires polarisés d'usage courant. Le point de départ de cette construction ne réside pas dans des concepts usuels, lexicalisés, c'est-à-dire pour lesquels il existe un mot correspondant dans le langage courant propre à une langue donnée. A l'inverse, la démarche qui préside à la construction de la présente classe de concepts consiste dans une définition abstraite de cette dernière, (...)
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  35. Paul Franceschi (2001). A Solution to Goodman's Paradox. [Journal (on-Line/Unpaginated)].
    English translation of a paper intially publisdhed in French in Dialogue under the title 'Une solution pour le paradoxe de Goodman'. In the classical version of Goodman's paradox, the universe where the problem takes place is ambiguous. The conditions of induction being accurately described, I define then a framework of n-universes, allowing the distinction, among the criteria of a given n-universe, between constants and variables. Within this framework, I distinguish between two versions of the problem, respectively taking place: (i) in (...)
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  36. Paul Franceschi (2001). Une Solution Pour le Paradoxe de Goodman. Dialogue 40 (01):99-.
    n-universe the variables of which are colour and time; (ii) in an n-universe the variables of which are colour, time and space. Finally, I show that each of these versions admits a specific resolution.
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  37. Paul Franceschi (1999). Comment L'Urne de Carter Et Leslie Se Déverse Dans Celle de Hempel. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 29 (1):139 - 156.
    Le philosophe mit le pied sur la première marche du futurotron. C'était la première fois qu'il utilisait cet appareil pour ses recherches. Bien qu'il vienne seulement d'être mis au point et qu'il ne soit encore qu'à l'état de prototype, ce futurotron pouvait décidément rendre de grands services. De nombreux chercheurs de différentes disciplines l'avaient d'ailleurs déjà utilisé de manière très fructueuse. Le philosophe prit place aux côtés du pilote sur le siège avant de la machine. - Quel est le principe (...)
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  38. Paul Franceschi (1999). The Doomsday Argument and Hempel's Problem. [Journal (on-Line/Unpaginated)] 29 (1).
    English translation of a paper originally pupblished in French in the Canadian Journal of Philosophy under the title 'Comment l'urne de Carter et Leslie se déverse dans celle de Hempel'. In this paper, I present firstly a solution to Hempel's Problem. I recall secondly the solution to the Doomsday Argument described in my previous Une Solution pour l'Argument de l'Apocalypse (Canadian Journal of Philosophy 1998-2) and remark that both solutions are based on a similar line of reasoning. I show thirdly (...)
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  39. Paul Franceschi (1998). Une Solution Pour l'Argument de l'Apocalypse. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 28 (2):227 - 246.
    Attribué à Brandon Carter, l' argument de l'Apocalypse Doomsday Argument , soit DA, dans ce qui suit) a été décrit par John Leslie (1992). On peut formuler ainsi cet argument. Soit A l'événement: l'Apocalypse se produira avant l'an 2150 ; et B l'événement: l'Apocalypse ne se produira pas avant 2150 . Soit également Z l'événement: j'ai connu les années 1990 . On peut par ailleurs estimer à 40 milliards le nombre d'humains ayant existé depuis la naissance de l'humanité, jusqu'à notre (...)
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