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  1. Paul Hovda, Virtues of CI.
    Ontological innocence You can undertake two commitments, once to object x and once to object y; or you could commit yourself to them all at once by committing yourself to the mereological fusion of x and y. It’s the same commitment either way. So once you have committed to some things, commitment to objects composed of those things is not a further commitment. (Cf. Lewis, Parts of Classes.).
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  2. Paul Hovda, Two Defenses of Composition as Identity.
  3. Paul Hovda, The Nature and Logic of Vagueness.
    I dedicate my dissertation to my parents and step-parents, whose support has been unwavering and invaluable, and to three teachers who shaped me: George Bealer, Marian Keane, and Anne Moore.
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  4. Paul Hovda (2013). Tensed Mereology. Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (2):241-283.
    Classical mereology (CM) is usually taken to be formulated in a tenseless language, and is therefore associated with a four-dimensionalist metaphysics. This paper presents three ways one might integrate the core idea of flat plenitude, i.e., that every suitable condition or property has exactly one mereological fusion, with a tensed logical setting. All require a revised notion of mereological fusion. The candidates differ over how they conceive parthood to interact with existence in time, which connects to the distinction between endurance (...)
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  5. Paul Hovda & Troy Cross (2013). Grounding Relation(S): Introduction. Essays in Philosophy 14 (1):1-6.
  6. Paul Hovda (2010). Semantics as Information About Semantic Values. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (2):502 - 510.
    I suggest that the core ideas of Kit Fine’s Semantic Relationism are the notion of semantic requirement and the notion of manifest consequence, the non-classical logical relation associated with semantic requirement. Surrounding this core are novel “relational” systems of coordinated sequences of expressions, relational (as opposed to intrinsic) semantic values, coordinated propositions, and coordinated content. I take Fine to take the periphery to be reducible to the core (but see below). I will make some primarily exegetical remarks about the two (...)
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  7. Paul Hovda (2009). Review of Kathrin Koslicki, The Structure of Objects. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (4).
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  8. Paul Hovda (2009). What Is Classical Mereology? Journal of Philosophical Logic 38 (1):55 - 82.
    Classical mereology is a formal theory of the part-whole relation, essentially involving a notion of mereological fusion, or sum. There are various different definitions of fusion in the literature, and various axiomatizations for classical mereology. Though the equivalence of the definitions of fusion is provable from axiom sets, the definitions are not logically equivalent, and, hence, are not inter-changeable when laying down the axioms. We examine the relations between the main definitions of fusion and correct some technical errors in prominent (...)
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  9. Paul Hovda (2008). Quantifying Weak Emergence. Minds and Machines 18 (4):461-473.
    The concept of weak emergence is a refinement or specification of the intuitive, general notion of emergence. Basically, a fact about a system is said to be weakly emergent if its holding both (i) is derivable from the fundamental laws of the system together with some set of basic (non-emergent) facts about it, and yet (ii) is only derivable in a particular manner, called “simulation.” This essay analyzes the application of this notion Conway’s Game of Life, and concludes that a (...)
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