Search results for 'Penelope Carson' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Thomas Carson, Rule-Consequentialism and Demandingness: A Reply to Carson.score: 120.0
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  2. Thomas Carson, A Note on Hooker's "Rule Consequentialism" Thomas L. Carson.score: 120.0
    Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/about/terms.html. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use.
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  3. Thomas Carson, Bribery, Extortion, and "the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act" Thomas L. Carson.score: 120.0
    Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/about/terms.html. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use.
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  4. Penelope Carson (1994). Javed Majeed Ungoverned Imaginings: James Mill's 'The History of British India' and Orientalism, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1992, Pp. 225. Utilitas 6 (02):334-.score: 120.0
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  5. Kevin A. Carson (2006). Carson's Rejoinders. Journal of Libertarian Studies 20 (1):97-136.score: 120.0
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  6. Emily Carson (1996). On Realism in Set Theory. Philosophia Mathematica 4 (1):3-17.score: 60.0
    In her recent book, Realism in mathematics, Penelope Maddy attempts to reconcile a naturalistic epistemology with realism about set theory. The key to this reconciliation is an analogy between mathematics and the physical sciences based on the claim that we perceive the objects of set theory. In this paper I try to show that neither this claim nor the analogy can be sustained. But even if the claim that we perceive some sets is granted, I argue that Maddy's account (...)
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  7. Paul K. Moser & Thomas L. Carson (eds.) (2001). Moral Relativism: A Reader. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Are all moral truths relative or do certain moral truths hold for all cultures and people? In Moral Relativism: A Reader, this and related questions are addressed by twenty-one contemporary moral philosophers and thinkers. This engaging and nontechnical anthology, the only up-to-date collection devoted solely to the topic of moral relativism, is accessible to a wide range of readers including undergraduate students from various disciplines. The selections are organized under six main topics: (1) General Issues; (2) Relativism and Moral Diversity; (...)
     
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  8. Thomas L. Carson (2006). The Definition of Lying. Noûs 40 (2):284–306.score: 30.0
    Few moral questions have greater bearing on the conduct of our everyday lives than questions about the morality of lying. These questions are also important for ethical theory. An important test of any theory of right and wrong is whether it gives an adequate account of the morality of lying. Conceptual questions about the nature of lying are prior to questions about the moral status of lying. Any theory about the moral status of lying presupposes an account of what lying (...)
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  9. Cathryn Carson (2010). Science as Instrumental Reason: Heidegger, Habermas, Heisenberg. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 42 (4):483-509.score: 30.0
    In modern continental thought, natural science is widely portrayed as an exclusively instrumental mode of reason. The breadth of this consensus has partly preempted the question of how it came to persuade. The process of persuasion, as it played out in Germany, can be explored by reconstructing the intellectual exchanges among three twentieth-century theorists of science, Heidegger, Habermas, and Werner Heisenberg. Taking an iconic Heisenberg as a kind of limiting case of “the scientist,” Heidegger and Habermas each found themselves driven (...)
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  10. Thomas L. Carson (2005). Ross and Utilitarianism on Promise Keeping and Lying: Self‐Evidence and the Data of Ethics. Philosophical Issues 15 (1):140–157.score: 30.0
    An important test of any moral theory is whether it can give a satisfactory account of moral prohibitions such as those against promise breaking and lying. Act-utilitarianism (hereafter utilitarianism) implies that any act can be justified if it results in the best consequences. Utilitarianism implies that it is sometimes morally right to break promises and tell lies. Few people find this result to be counterintuitive and very few are persuaded by Kant’s arguments that attempt to show that lying is always (...)
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  11. Thomas L. Carson (1998). Ethical Issues in Sales: Two Case Studies. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 17 (7):725-728.score: 30.0
    Ethical issues in sales are an important and neglected topic in business ethics. Roughly 9% of the U.S. work force is involved in sales of one sort or another. But very little has been written about ethical issues in sales.
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  12. Emily Carson (1999). Kant on the Method of Mathematics. Journal of the History of Philosophy 37 (4):629-652.score: 30.0
  13. E. Carson (2002). Poincare's Philosophy: From Conventionalism to Phenomenology. Philosophical Review 111 (4):579-582.score: 30.0
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  14. Thomas L. Carson (1983). Utilitarianism and the Wrongness of Killing. Erkenntnis 20 (1):49 - 60.score: 30.0
    Richard Henson has argued that hedonistic-average-act-utilitarianism has the extremely counter-intuitive consequence that certain individuals ought to be killed simply because they are unhappy and because their deaths would raise the average level of happiness. It is argued that Henson's criticisms are correct and that they can be extended to other versions of utilitarianism: total (as opposed to average) utilitarianism, non-hedonistic versions of utilitarianism, and those versions of act-utilitarianism that have originated in the recent controversy about population control.
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  15. Emily Carson (1988). The Role of Intuition in Mathematics. Dissertation, McGill Universityscore: 30.0
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  16. Robert N. Brandon & Scott Carson (1996). The Indeterministic Character of Evolutionary Theory: No "No Hidden Variables Proof" but No Room for Determinism Either. Philosophy of Science 63 (3):315-337.score: 30.0
    In this paper we first briefly review Bell's (1964, 1966) Theorem to see how it invalidates any deterministic "hidden variable" account of the apparent indeterminacy of quantum mechanics (QM). Then we show that quantum uncertainty, at the level of DNA mutations, can "percolate" up to have major populational effects. Interesting as this point may be it does not show any autonomous indeterminism of the evolutionary process. In the next two sections we investigate drift and natural selection as the locus of (...)
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  17. Thomas L. Carson, Richard E. Wokutch & James E. Cox (1985). An Ethical Analysis of Deception in Advertising. Journal of Business Ethics 4 (2):93 - 104.score: 30.0
    This paper examines several issues regarding deception in advertising. Some generally accepted definitions are considered and found to be inadequate. An alternative definition is proposed for legal/regulatory purposes and is related to a suggested definition of the term deception as it is used in everyday language. Based upon these definitions, suggestions are offered for detecting and regulating deception in advertising. This paper additionally considers the grounds for the generally held but largely unquestioned assumption that deceptive advertising is unethical. It is (...)
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  18. Thomas L. Carson (2010). Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    The book concludes with a qualified defence of the view that honesty is a virtue.
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  19. Thomas L. Carson, Happiness, Contentment and the Good Life.score: 30.0
    tentment and its relationship to the notions of happiness and the good life. Many philosophers have argued that the concept of happiness can be defined or analyzed simply in terms of "contentment" or "being satisfied (or pleased) with one' s life."' Others have made the more modest claim that being satisfied with one' s..
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  20. Thomas L. Carson (2007). Axiology, Realism, and the Problem of Evil. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (2):349–368.score: 30.0
    Discussions of the problem of evil presuppose and appeal to axiological and metaethical assumptions, but seldom pay adequate attention to those assumptions. I argue that certain theories of value are consistent with theistic answers to the argument from evil and that several other well-known theories of value, such as hedonism, are difficult, if not impossible, to reconcile with theism. Although moral realism is the subject of lively debate in contemporary philosophy, almost all standard discussions of the problem of evil presuppose (...)
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  21. Tom Carson (1993). Hare on Utilitarianism and Intuitive Morality. Erkenntnis 39 (3):305 - 331.score: 30.0
    InMoral Thinking R. M. Hare offers a very influential defense of utilitarianism against intuitive objections. Hare's argument is roughly that utilitarianism conflicts with defensible moral intuitions only in unusual cases and that, in such cases, even defensible moral intuitions are unreliable. This paper reconstructs Hare's arguments and argues that they presuppose the success of his problematic proof of utilitarianism. Contrary to what many have thought, Hare's negative defense of utilitarianism against intuitive objections is not separable from his proof. In the (...)
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  22. Thomas L. Carson (1994). Conflicts of Interest. Journal of Business Ethics 13 (5):387 - 404.score: 30.0
    This paper has two distinct objectives. (1) I defend an analysis of the concept of a conflict of interest. On my analysis the concept of a conflict of interest is broader than is generally supposed. I argue that a very large class of cases not ordinarily regarded as conflicts of interest should be so regarded. Conflicts of interest are an integral feature of many professional relationships and do not (as is often supposed) require the existence of external financial or personal (...)
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  23. Thomas L. Carson (2013). Free Exchange for Mutual Benefit: Sweatshops and Maitland's “Classical Liberal Standard”. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 112 (1):127-135.score: 30.0
    Ian Maitland defends sweatshop labor on the grounds that “A wage or labor practice is ethically acceptable if it is freely chosen by informed workers” (he calls his view “the Classical Liberal Standard,” CLS). I present several examples of economic exchanges that are mutually beneficial and satisfy the requirements of the CLS, but, nonetheless, are morally wrong. Maitland’s arguments in defense of sweatshops are unsuccessful because they depend on the flawed “CLS.” My paper criticizes Maitland’s arguments in defense of sweatshops, (...)
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  24. Thomas L. Carson (1986). Hare's Defense of Utilitarianism. Philosophical Studies 50 (1):97 - 115.score: 30.0
    R. M. Hare's Nora/ Thinking is surely one of the most compelling defenses of utilitarianism to appear in many years. Hare defends utilitarianism at some length against the objection that it has consequences that are inconsistent with our common-sense or intuitive moral judgments. Hare also offers a positive argument for utiTitarianism. In this paper I shall only concern myself with the latter argument. In the first part of the paper, I shall set out Hare's argument in some detail. In the (...)
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  25. Emily Carson (1998). Review of J. Belna, La Notion de Nombre Chez Dedekind, Cantor, Frege. Theories, Conceptions, Et Philosophie. [REVIEW] Philosophia Mathematica 6 (3):345-350.score: 30.0
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  26. Thomas Carson, Relativising the Ideal Observer Theory.score: 30.0
    Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/about/terms.html. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use.
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  27. Emily Carson (2004). Metaphysics, Mathematics and the Distinction Between the Sensible and the Intelligible in Kant's Inaugural Dissertation. Journal of the History of Philosophy 42 (2):165-194.score: 30.0
    In this paper I argue that Kant's distinction in the Inaugural Dissertation between the sensible and the intelligible arises in part out of certain open questions left open by his comparison between mathematics and metaphysics in the Prize Essay. This distinction provides a philosophical justification for his distinction between the respective methods of mathematics and metaphysics and his claim that mathematics admits of a greater degree of certainty. More generally, this illustrates the importance of Kant's reflections on mathematics for the (...)
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  28. Thomas L. Carson (1988). On the Definition of Lying: A Reply to Jones and Revisions. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (7):509 - 514.score: 30.0
    Standard definitions of lying imply that intending to deceive others is a necessary condition of one's telling a lie. In an earlier paper, which appeared in this journal, Wokutch, Murrmann and I argued that intending to deceive others is not a necessary condition of one's telling a lie and proposed an alternative definition. In a reply which also appeared in this journal, Gary Jones argues that (1) our arguments fail to establish the claim that it is possible to lie (...)
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  29. Emily Carson (2006). Review of F. Pierobon, Kant Et les Mathématiques: La Conception Kantienne des Mathématiques [Kant and Mathematics: The Kantian Conception of Mathematics]. [REVIEW] Philosophia Mathematica 14 (3):370-378.score: 30.0
  30. Thomas L. Carson (2005). The Morality of Bluffing: A Reply to Allhoff. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 56 (4):399 - 403.score: 30.0
    In a recent paper that appeared in this journal Fritz Allhoff addresses the morality of bluffing in negotiations1. He focuses on cases in which people misstate their reservation price in negotiations, e.g., suppose that I am selling a house and tell a prospective buyer that $300,000 is absolutely the lowest price that I will accept, when I know that I would be willing to accept as little as $270,000 for the house rather than continue to try to sell it. Allhoff (...)
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  31. Thomas Carson (1993). Friedman's Theory of Corporate Social Responsibility. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 12 (1):3-32.score: 30.0
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  32. Emily Carson (2006). Review of Beatrice Longuenesse, Kant on the Human Standpoint. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (9).score: 30.0
  33. Emily Carson (1997). Kant on Intuition in Geometry. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 27 (4):489 - 512.score: 30.0
  34. Thomas L. Carson, Richard E. Wokutch & Kent F. Murrmann (1982). Bluffing in Labor Negotiations: Legal and Ethical Issues. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 1 (1):13 - 22.score: 30.0
    This paper presents an analysis of bluffing in labor negotiations from legal, economic, and ethical perspectives. It is argued that many forms of bluffing in labor negotiations are legal and economically advantageous, but that they typically constitute lying. Nevertheless it is argued that it is generally morally acceptable to bluff given a typical labor-management relationship where one's negotiating partner is familiar with and most likely employing bluffing tactics him/herself. We also consider whether it is an indictment of our present negotiating (...)
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  35. Thomas L. Carson (1994). Corporate Moral Agency: A Case From Literature. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 13 (2):155 - 156.score: 30.0
    I analyze a well-known and moving passage from John Steinbeck''s novelThe Grapes of Wrath. This passage provides an excellent illustration of one of the central questions about corporate moral agency: Is corporate moral agency anything over and above the agency of individual human beings? The passage in question is a debate about whether or not the actions of a particular company are anything over and above the actions of individual human beings.
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  36. Emily Carson (2002). Locke's Account of Certain and Instructive Knowledge. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 10 (3):359 – 378.score: 30.0
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  37. Thomas L. Carson, Mary Ellen Verdu & Richard E. Wokutch (2008). Whistle-Blowing for Profit: An Ethical Analysis of the Federal False Claims Act. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 77 (3):361 - 376.score: 30.0
    This paper focuses on the 1986 Amendments to the False Claims Act of 1863, which offers whistle-blowers financial rewards for disclosing fraud committed against the U.S. government. This law provides an opportunity to examine underlying assumptions about the morality of whistle-blowing and to consider the merits of increased reliance on whistle-blowing to protect the public interest. The law seems open to a number of moral objections, most notably that it exerts a morally corrupting influence on whistle-blowers. We answer these objections (...)
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  38. Thomas L. Carson (1991). A Note on Hooker's "Rule Consequentialism". Mind 100 (1):117-121.score: 30.0
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  39. Emily Carson & Renate Huber (eds.) (2006). Intuition and the Axiomatic Method. Springer.score: 30.0
    By way of these investigations, we hope to understand better the rationale behind Kant's theory of intuition, as well as to grasp many facets of the relations ...
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  40. Thomas L. Carson (1985). Relativism and Nihilism. Philosophia 15 (1-2):1-23.score: 30.0
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  41. Thomas L. Carson (1985). Bribery, Extortion, and "the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act". Philosophy and Public Affairs 14 (1):66-90.score: 30.0
  42. Thomas L. Carson (2003). Self-Interest and Business Ethics: Some Lessons of the Recent Corporate Scandals. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 43 (4):389 - 394.score: 30.0
    The recent accounting scandals at Enron, WorldCom, and other corporations have helped to fuel a massive loss of confidence in the integrity of American business and have contributed to a very sharp decline in the U.S. stock market. Inasmuch as these events have brought ethical questions about business to the forefront in the media and public consciousness as never before, they are of signal importance for the field of business ethics. I offer some observations and conjectures about the bearing of (...)
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  43. Scott Carson (2000). Aristotle on Existential Import and Nonreferring Subjects. Synthese 124 (3):343-360.score: 30.0
  44. Thomas Carson (2001). Deception and Withholding Information in Sales. Business Ethics Quarterly 11 (2):275-306.score: 30.0
    The ethics of sales is an important, but neglected, topic in business ethics. I offer criticisms of what others have said about themoral duties of salespeople and formulate what I take to be a more plausible theory. My theory avoids the objections I raise againstothers and yields plausible results when applied to cases. I also defend my theory by appeal to the golden rule and offer a justificationfor the version of the golden rule to which I appeal. I argue that (...)
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  45. Thomas L. Carson (2001). Gert on Rationality, Intrinsic Value, and the Overridingness of Morality. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (2):441–446.score: 30.0
  46. Scott Carson (2007). Plato's Natural Philosophy: A Study of the 'Timaeus–Critias' – Thomas Kjeller Johansen. Philosophical Quarterly 57 (226):131–133.score: 30.0
  47. Thomas L. Carson (1983). Strict Compliance and Rawls's Critique of Utilitarianism. Theoria 49 (3):142-158.score: 30.0
    provide a plausible alternative to utilitarianism. Rawls gives two kinds of arguments to show that his two principles of justice are more plausible or more nearly correct than utilitarianism. First, he argues that the two principles of justice provide a better match with our 'considered judgments in reflective equilibrium.' Second, he argues that his two principles would be chosen in preference to the principle of utility in 'the original position.' I shall be concerned only with the second of these two (...)
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  48. Thomas L. Carson (1995). Perfectionism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (3):719-723.score: 30.0
  49. C. Carson (1996). The Peculiar Notion of Exchange Forces--I: Origins in Quantum Mechanics, 1926-1928. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 27 (1):23-45.score: 30.0
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