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Rózsa Péter [59]Fabienne Peter [24]Walter G. Peter [18]Elizabeth Peter [11]
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Profile: Fabienne Peter (University of Warwick)
Profile: Babar Peter (Abant Izzet Baysal University)
Profile: Che Wanzie Peter (STAMS - Cameroon)
Profile: Groenewold Peter (University of Groningen)
Profile: Heidi Peter
Profile: Ilefa Peter
Profile: John Peter
Profile: Lilian Peter
Profile: Mary Peter
Profile: Mark Peter (Vanderbilt University)
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  1.  474 DLs
    Fabienne Peter (2007). Rawls' Idea of Public Reason and Democratic Legitimacy. Journal of International Political Theory 3 (1):129-143.
    Critics and defenders of Rawls' idea of public reason have tended to neglect the relationship between this idea and his conception of democratic legitimacy. I shall argue that Rawls' idea of public reason can be interpreted in two different ways, and that the two interpretations support two different conceptions of legitimacy. What I call the substantive interpretation of Rawls' idea of public reason demands that it applies not just to the process of democratic decision-making, but that it extends to the (...)
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  2.  468 DLs
    Fabienne Peter (2007). Democratic Legitimacy and Proceduralist Social Epistemology. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 6 (3):329-353.
    A conception of legitimacy is at the core of normative theories of democracy. Many different conceptions of legitimacy have been put forward, either explicitly or implicitly. In this article, I shall first provide a taxonomy of conceptions of legitimacy that can be identified in contemporary democratic theory. The taxonomy covers both aggregative and deliberative democracy. I then argue for a conception of democratic legitimacy that takes the epistemic dimension of public deliberation seriously. In contrast to standard interpretations of epistemic democracy, (...)
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  3.  273 DLs
    Fabienne Peter (2008). Pure Epistemic Proceduralism. Episteme 5 (1):pp. 33-55.
    In this paper I defend a pure proceduralist conception of legitimacy that applies to epistemic democracy. This conception, which I call pure epistemic proceduralism, does not depend on procedure-independent standards for good outcomes and relies on a proceduralist epistemology. It identifies a democratic decision as legitimate if it is the outcome of a process that satisfies certain conditions of political and epistemic fairness. My argument starts with a rejection of instrumentalism – the view that political equality is only instrumentally valuable. (...)
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  4.  272 DLs
    Fabienne Peter (2004). Choice, Consent, and the Legitimacy of Market Transactions. Economics and Philosophy 20 (1):1-18.
    According to an often repeated definition, economics is the science of individual choices and their consequences. The emphasis on choice is often used – implicitly or explicitly – to mark a contrast between markets and the state: While the price mechanism in well-functioning markets preserves freedom of choice and still efficiently coordinates individual actions, the state has to rely to some degree on coercion to coordinate individual actions. Since coercion should not be used arbitrarily, coordination by the state needs to (...)
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  5.  249 DLs
    Fabienne Peter (2013). Epistemic Foundations of Political Liberalism. Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (5):598-620.
    At the core of political liberalism is the claim that political institutions must be publicly justified or justifiable to be legitimate. What explains the significance of public justification? The main argument that defenders of political liberalism present is an argument from disagreement: the irreducible pluralism that is characteristic of democratic societies requires a mode of justification that lies in between a narrowly political solution based on actual acceptance and a traditional moral solution based on justification from the third-person perspective. But (...)
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  6.  193 DLs
    Fabienne Peter, Political Legitimacy. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Political legitimacy is a virtue of political institutions and of the decisions—about laws, policies, and candidates for political office—made within them. This entry will survey the main answers that have been given to the following questions. First, how should legitimacy be defined? Is it primarily a descriptive or a normative concept? If legitimacy is understood normatively, what does it entail? Some associate legitimacy with the justification of coercive power and with the creation of political authority. Others associate it with the (...)
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  7.  114 DLs
    Fabienne Peter (2013). The Procedural Epistemic Value of Deliberation. Synthese 190 (7):1253-1266.
    Collective deliberation is fuelled by disagreements and its epistemic value depends, inter alia, on how the participants respond to each other in disagreements. I use this accountability thesis to argue that deliberation may be valued not just instrumentally but also for its procedural features. The instrumental epistemic value of deliberation depends on whether it leads to more or less accurate beliefs among the participants. The procedural epistemic value of deliberation hinges on the relationships of mutual accountability that characterize appropriately conducted (...)
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  8.  102 DLs
    Fabienne Peter (2008). Democratic Legitimacy. Routledge.
    This book offers a systematic treatment of the requirements of democratic legitimacy. It argues that democratic procedures are essential for political legitimacy because of the need to respect value pluralism and because of the learning process that democratic decision-making enables. It proposes a framework for distinguishing among the different ways in which the requirements of democratic legitimacy have been interpreted. Peter then uses this framework to identify and defend what appears as the most plausible conception of democratic legitimacy. According to (...)
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  9.  86 DLs
    Sudhir Anand, Fabienne Peter & Amartya Sen (eds.) (2004). Public Health, Ethics, and Equity. OUP.
    These are some of the important questions that this book addresses in building an interdisciplinary understanding of health equity. (Midwest).
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  10.  71 DLs
    Gerhard Preyer & Georg Peter (eds.) (2005). Contextualism in Philosophy: Knowledge, Meaning, and Truth. Oxford University Press.
    In epistemology and in philosophy of language there is fierce debate about the role of context in knowledge, understanding, and meaning. Many contemporary epistemologists take seriously the thesis that epistemic vocabulary is context-sensitive. This thesis is of course a semantic claim, so it has brought epistemologists into contact with work on context in semantics by philosophers of language. This volume brings together the debates, in a set of twelve specially written essays representing the latest work by leading figures in the (...)
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  11.  65 DLs
    Fabienne Peter (2013). The Human Right to Political Participation. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 7 (2):1-16.
    In recent developments in political and legal philosophy, there is a tendency to endorse minimalist lists of human rights which do not include a right to political participation. Against such tendencies, I shall argue that the right to political participation, understood as distinct from a right to democracy, should have a place even on minimalist lists. In addition, I shall defend the need to extend the right to political participation to include participation not just in national, but also in international (...)
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  12.  48 DLs
    Fabienne Peter (2001). Health Equity and Social Justice. Journal of Applied Philosophy 18 (2):159–170.
    There is consistent and strong empirical evidence for social inequalities in health, as a vast and fast growing literature shows. In recent years, these findings have helped to move health equity high on international research and policy agendas. This paper examines how the empirical identification of social inequalities in health relates to a normative judgment about health inequities and puts forward an approach which embeds the pursuit of health equity within the general pursuit of social justice. It defends an indirect (...)
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  13.  48 DLs
    Gerhard Preyer & Georg Peter (eds.) (2007). Context-Sensitivity and Semantic Minimalism: New Essays on Semantics and Pragmatics. Oxford University Press.
    "This book represents a continuation of the research project in philosophy of language and semantics represented in the journal "Protosociology" at the J. W. ...
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  14.  45 DLs
    Fabienne Peter (2009). Rawlsian Justice. In Paul Anand, Prastanta Pattanaik & Clemens Puppe (eds.), The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice. Oxford University Press 433--456.
    Rawls’ theory of justice builds on the social contract tradition to offer an alternative to utilitarianism. Rawls singles out justice – not maximum welfare or efficiency – as “the first virtue of social institutions”. Economists were quick to realize the relevance of Rawls’ theory of justice for economics. Early contributions in welfare economics and social choice theory typically attempted to incorporate Rawls’ ideas into a welfarist framework. Current research in normative economics comes closer to Rawls’ original proposal of a non-consequentialist (...)
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  15.  43 DLs
    Fabienne Peter (2009). Democratic Legitimacy Without Collective Rationality. In Boudewijn Paul de Bruin & Christopher F. Zurn (eds.), New Waves in Political Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan
  16.  43 DLs
    Fabienne Peter (2007). The Political Egalitarian's Dilemma. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (4):373 - 387.
    Political egalitarianism is at the core of most normative conceptions of democratic legitimacy. It finds its minimal expression in the “one person one vote” formula. In the literature on deliberative democracy, political equality is typically interpreted in a more demanding sense, but different interpretations of what political equality requires can be identified. In this paper I shall argue that the attempt to specify political equality in deliberative democracy is affected by a dilemma. I shall illustrate the political egalitarian’s dilemma by (...)
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  17.  29 DLs
    Fabienne Peter, The Epistemic Circumstances of Democracy.
    Does political decision-making require experts or can a democracy be trusted to make correct decisions? This question has a long-standing tradition in political philosophy, going back at least to Plato’s Republic. Critics of democracy tend to argue that democracy cannot be trusted in this way while advocates tend to argue that it can. Both camps agree that it is the epistemic quality of the outcomes of political decision-making processes that underpins the legitimacy of political institutions. In recent political philosophy, epistemic (...)
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  18.  25 DLs
    Gibbins Peter (1976). Logics as Models of Music. British Journal of Aesthetics 16 (2):157-160.
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  19.  24 DLs
    Fabienne Peter & Hans Bernhard Schmid (2005). Symposium on Rationality and Commitment: Introduction. Economics and Philosophy 21 (1):1-3.
    In his critique of rational choice theory, Amartya Sen claims that committed agents do not (or not exclusively) pursue their own goals. This claim appears to be nonsensical since even strongly heteronomous or altruistic agents cannot pursue other people's goals without making them their own. It seems that self-goal choice is constitutive of any kind of agency. In this paper, Sen's radical claim is defended. It is argued that the objection raised against Sen's claim holds only with respect to individual (...)
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  20.  20 DLs
    Fabienne Peter (2012). Sen's Idea of Justice and the Locus of Normative Reasoning. Journal of Economic Methodology 19 (2):165 - 167.
    Journal of Economic Methodology, Volume 19, Issue 2, Page 165-167, June 2012.
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  21.  19 DLs
    M. Bloodgood James, H. Turnley William & E. Mudrack Peter (forthcoming). Ethics Instruction and the Perceived Acceptability of Cheating. Journal of Business Ethics.
    This study examined whether undergraduate students’ perceptions regarding the acceptability of cheating were influenced by the amount of ethics instruction the students had received and/or by their personality. The results, from a sample of 230 upper-level undergraduate students, indicated that simply taking a business ethics course did not have a significant influence on students’ views regarding cheating. On the other hand, Machiavellianism was positively related to perceiving that two forms of cheating were acceptable. Moreover, in testing for moderating relationships, the (...)
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  22.  14 DLs
    Kenneth B. Peter (2002). Jefferson and the Independence of Generations. Environmental Ethics 24 (4):371-387.
    Thomas Jefferson’s argument against long-term debt and his theory of usufruct are used to show why each generation is obligated to protect the independence of future generations. This argument forms the theory of “Jeffersonian generational independence.” The theory has wide implications for the environmental movement because most environmental problems result in limitations on the liberty of future generations. I compare and defend Jeffersonian generational independence from two alternatives including the investment theory raised by James Madison and the problem of generational (...)
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  23.  13 DLs
    Joan Liaschenko & Elizabeth Peter (2002). The Voice of Home Care Workers in Clinical Ethics. HEC Forum 14 (3):217-223.
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  24.  12 DLs
    Karin Peter & Nikolaus Wandinger (2014). Beautiful Minds in Dialogue: The Correspondence Between René Girard and Raymund Schwager. Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture 21 (1):23-27.
    The publication of the following four articles is the result of a Colloquium on Violence and Religion session at the American Academy of Religion annual meeting in Baltimore, Maryland, on November, 24, 2013.It is unbelievable, but on February 27, 2014, Raymund Schwager, SJ, the Innsbruck dogmatics professor and first president of the COV&R, will have been dead already for ten years. Sometime after his sudden death in 2004, his office had to be cleared out, and when this sad work was (...)
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  25.  11 DLs
    Ehlen S. J. Peter (1996). A. F. Losevs Personalistische Ontologie. Studies in East European Thought 48 (1):83-108.
    A. F. Losev, one of the most important Russian philosophers and historians of ancient aesthetics and culture in the 20th century, develops in his ‘Dialectics of the Myth’ (Dialektika mifa), 1930, a personalistic ontology by using elements of neoplatonic philosophy and Orthodox Christian belief. According to Losev reality in all its different expressions and ontological strata must be understood as “mythical”, i.e. as “living mutual exchange of subject and object”. The subjective and personal aspect of reality is not grounded in (...)
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  26.  10 DLs
    Ward Peter (2001). Donald Brownlee's. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 44 (1):117-131.
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  27.  9 DLs
    Karl Peter (1989). Arnold Gehlen, Man: His Nature and Place in the World Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 9 (3):99-102.
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  28.  9 DLs
    Elizabeth Peter & Joan Liaschenko (2013). Moral Distress Reexamined: A Feminist Interpretation of Nurses' Identities, Relationships, and Responsibilites. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (3):337-345.
    Moral distress has been written about extensively in nursing and other fields. Often, however, it has not been used with much theoretical depth. This paper focuses on theorizing moral distress using feminist ethics, particularly the work of Margaret Urban Walker and Hilde Lindemann. Incorporating empirical findings, we argue that moral distress is the response to constraints experienced by nurses to their moral identities, responsibilities, and relationships. We recommend that health professionals get assistance in accounting for and communicating their values and (...)
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  29.  9 DLs
    A. E. Geurts Sabine, G. J. Beckers Debby, W. Taris Toon, A. J. Kompier Michiel & G. W. Smulders Peter (forthcoming). Worktime Demands and Work-Family Interference: Does Worktime Control Buffer the Adverse Effects of High Demands? Journal of Business Ethics.
    This study examined whether worktime control buffered the impact of worktime demands on work–family interference (WFI), using data from 2,377 workers from various sectors of industry in The Netherlands. We distinguished among three types of worktime demands: time spent on work according to one’s contract (contractual hours), the number of hours spent on overtime work (overtime hours), and the number of hours spent on commuting (commuting hours). Regarding worktime control, a distinction was made between having control over days off and (...)
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  30.  9 DLs
    Carolyn Cusick & Mark Peter (forthcoming). The Last Straw Fallacy: Another Causal Fallacy and Its Harmful Effects. Argumentation:1-18.
    We have noticed a pattern of arguments that exhibit a type of irrationality or a particular informal logical fallacy that is not fully captured by any existing fallacy. This fallacy can be explored through three examples where one misattributes a cause by focusing on a smaller portion of a larger set—specifically, the last or least known—and claiming that that cause holds a unique priority over other contributing factors for the occurrence of an event. We propose to call this fallacy the (...)
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  31.  8 DLs
    C. Zyglidopoulos Stelios, J. Fleming Peter & Sandra Rothenberg (forthcoming). Rationalization, Overcompensation and the Escalation of Corruption in Organizations. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  32.  7 DLs
    Carl J. Peter (1970). Faith and Ministry. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 44 (1-2):249-260.
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  33.  7 DLs
    Fabienne Peter & Kai Spiekermann (2011). Rules, Norms, and Commitment. In Jarvie, Ian & Jesus Zamora-Bonilla (eds.), Handbook of Philosophy of Social Sciences. Sage 216--232.
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  34.  7 DLs
    Fabienne Peter (ed.) (2007). Rationality and Commitment. Oxford University Press, USA.
    The volume concludes with a specially-written reply by Sen, in which he responds to his critics and provides a rich commentary on the preceding essays.
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  35.  7 DLs
    Fabienne Peter (forthcoming). Agreement-Based Political Justification. Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche.
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  36.  6 DLs
    Rozsa Peter (1950). Zusammenhang der Mehrfachen Und Transfiniten Rekursionen. Journal of Symbolic Logic 15 (4):248 - 272.
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  37.  6 DLs
    Elizabeth Peter (2013). Advancing the Concept of Moral Distress. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (3):293-295.
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  38.  5 DLs
    I. Kerridge, P. A. Komesaroff, M. Parker & E. Peter (2009). New Perspectives on the End of Life. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (3):269-270.
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  39.  5 DLs
    Singer Peter (2002). How Reliable Are Out Moral Intuitions? Free Inquiry 23 (1):19.
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  40.  5 DLs
    Shan Mohammed & Elizabeth Peter (2009). Rituals, Death and the Moral Practice of Medical Futility. Nursing Ethics 16 (3):292-302.
    Medical futility is often defined as providing inappropriate treatments that will not improve disease prognosis, alleviate physiological symptoms, or prolong survival. This understanding of medical futility is problematic because it rests on the final outcomes of procedures that are narrow and medically defined. In this article, Walker's `expressivecollaborative' model of morality is used to examine how certain critical care interventions that are considered futile actually have broader social functions surrounding death and dying. By examining cardiopulmonary resuscitation and life-sustaining intensive care (...)
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  41.  5 DLs
    Rozsa Peter (1937). Review: S. C. Kleene, $Lambda$-Definability and Recursiveness. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 2 (1):38-39.
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  42.  4 DLs
    van Inwagen Peter (1996). Reflections on the Chapters by Draper, Russell, and Gale. In Daniel Howard-Snyder (ed.), The Evidential Argument From Evil. Indiana University Press
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  43.  4 DLs
    Fabienne Peter (2006). Justice: Political Not Natural. Analyse & Kritik 28 (1):83-88.
    Ken Binmore casts his naturalist theory of justice in opposition to theories of justice that claim authority on the grounds of some religious or moral doctrine. He thereby overlooks the possibility of a political conception of justice—a theory of justice based on the premise that there is an irreducible pluralism of metaphysical, epistemological, and moral doctrines. In my brief comment I shall argue that the naturalist theory of justice advocated by Binmore should be conceived of as belonging to one family (...)
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  44.  4 DLs
    Elizabeth Peter & Horatio Bot (2009). Containing Anxiety in the Wake of the H1N1 Influenza Pandemic: Documents as Sedative Agents. Nursing Inquiry 16 (4):273-274.
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  45.  4 DLs
    E. Peter, S. Mohammed & A. Simmonds (2014). Narratives of Aggressive Care: Knowledge, Time, and Responsibility. Nursing Ethics 21 (4):461-472.
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  46.  4 DLs
    Achinstein Peter, Ackermann Robert, E. Agazzi, W. K. Ahn, S. Allén & Andersen Hanne (2002). Selective Bibliography. Cognition 69:135-178.
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  47.  4 DLs
    J. Bowler Peter (1993). A Bridge Too Far. Biology and Philosophy 8:99-102.
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  48.  3 DLs
    S. J. Clark & A. Peter (2012). Undocumented Patients. Hastings Center Report 42 (1):15.
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  49.  3 DLs
    Elizabeth Peter & Joan Liaschenko (2004). Perils of Proximity: A Spatiotemporal Analysis of Moral Distress and Moral Ambiguity. Nursing Inquiry 11 (4):218-225.
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  50.  3 DLs
    Walter G. Peter (1970). Scientific Humanism... Legacy for the Future? BioScience 20 (13):768-770.
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