Search results for 'Peter A. Balint' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Peter Balint (2012). Not yet Making Sense of Political Toleration. Res Publica 18 (3):259-264.score: 1350.0
    Abstract A growing number of theorists have argued that toleration, at least in its traditional sense, is no longer applicable to liberal democratic political arrangements—especially if these political arrangements are conceived of as neutral. Peter Jones has tried make sense of political toleration while staying true to its more traditional (disapproval yet non-prevention) meaning. In this article, while I am sympathetic to his motivation, I argue that Jones’ attempt to make sense of political toleration is not successful. Content Type (...)
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  2. Peter A. Balint (2010). Avoiding an Intolerant Society: Why Respect of Difference May Not Be the Best Approach. Educational Philosophy and Theory 42 (1):129-141.score: 960.0
    The building and maintaining of a tolerant society requires both a general policy of toleration on the behalf of the state, as well as a minimal number of acts of intolerance by individual citizens towards their fellow citizens. It is this second area of citizen-citizen relations that is of most interest for education policy. There are those who argue that the best way to achieve a tolerant society is by encouraging, or even requiring, the respect and appreciation of difference amongst (...)
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  3. Peter Balint (2014). Acts of Tolerance: A Political and Descriptive Account. European Journal of Political Theory 13 (3):264-281.score: 900.0
    Almost all philosophical understandings of tolerance as forbearance require that the reasons for objection and/or the reasons for withholding the power to negatively interfere must be of the morally right kind. In this paper, I instead put forward a descriptive account of an act of tolerance and argue that in the political context, at least, it has several important advantages over the standard more moralised accounts. These advantages include that it better addresses instances of intolerance and that it is able (...)
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  4. Peter Balint (2006). Respect Relationships in Diverse Societies. Res Publica 12 (1):35-57.score: 900.0
    The paper aims to clarify what is both meant and entailed when the notion of respect is invoked in relation to the issues of diversity. A distinction is introduced between two types of respecting agents: the state and the citizen. The paper then distinguishes respect in relation to a commonality – in this case citizenship – from respect in relation to specific difference. The importance of respect in relation to a commonality is stressed, whilst the distinction between the state and (...)
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  5. Peter Balint (2013). Against Respecting Each Others' Differences. Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (3):254-267.score: 450.0
    In contrast to multicultural theory, which in discussions of respect for difference has primarily focussed on the state as the agent of respect, multicultural policy has instead tended to focus on citizens themselves as the potential agents of this sort of respect. This article examines the plausibility of this type of respect (which is advocated by some theorists too), and argues that is not a reasonable or necessary demand. While there are several different ways of understanding respect — most of (...)
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  6. Peter Jones (2012). Legalising Toleration: A Reply to Balint. [REVIEW] Res Publica 18 (3):265-270.score: 270.0
    Abstract I re-present my account of how a liberal democratic society can be tolerant and do so in a way designed to meet Peter Balint’s objections. In particular, I explain how toleration can be approached from a third-party perspective, which is that of neither tolerator nor tolerated but of rule-makers providing for the toleration that the citizens of a society are to extend to one another. Constructing a regime of toleration should not be confused with engaging in toleration. (...)
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  7. Peter Balint (forthcoming). Book Note. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-1.score: 240.0
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  8. Peter Balint (2009). Notes on Contributors_635 146.. 147. Educational Philosophy and Theory 42 (1).score: 240.0
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  9. John A. Balint (2006). Just Deserts? Hastings Center Report 37 (3):4-5.score: 240.0
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  10. Martha Bayless (2010). Jan M. Ziolkowski and Bridget K. Balint, Eds., with Justin Lake, Laura Light, and Prydwyn Piper, A Garland of Satire, Wisdom, and History: Latin Verse From Twelfth-Century France (Carmina Houghtoniensia). (Houghton Library Studies.) Cambridge, Mass.: Houghton Library of the Harvard College Library, 2007. Paper. Pp. X, 232; 1 Black-and-White Figure, Many Color Facsimiles, and 1 Map. Distributed by Harvard University Press. [REVIEW] Speculum 85 (2):486-487.score: 120.0
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  11. David Soto & Glyn W. Humphreys (2009). Semantically Induced Distortions of Visual Awareness in a Patient with Balint's Syndrome. Cognition 110 (2):237-241.score: 120.0
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  12. Huba J. M. Kiss, Ágoston Mihalik, Tibor Nánási, Bálint Őry, Zoltán Spiró, Csaba Sőti & Peter Csermely (2009). Ageing as a Price of Cooperation and Complexity. Bioessays 31 (6):651-664.score: 81.0
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  13. Yves Rossetti Aarlenne Z. Khan, Laure Pisella, Ludovic Delporte, Gilles Rode (2013). Testing for Optic Ataxia in a Blind Field. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 66.0
    Optic ataxia is a component of Balint’s syndrome and is a disorder that results from damage to the posterior parietal cortex leading to deficits in reaching and grasping objects presented in the visual field opposite to the damaged hemisphere. It is also often the case that Balint’s syndrome is accompanied by visual field defects due to the proximity of parietal and occipital cortices and also due to the subcortical pathway relaying visual information from the retina toward the cortex (...)
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  14. Ellen S. More (1996). Empathy as a Hermeneutic Practice. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (3).score: 54.0
    This essay will argue for the centrality of empathy in the doctor-patient relationship — as a core of ethically sound, responsible therapeutics. By empathy, I intend an explicitly hermeneutic practice, informed by a reflexive understanding of patient and self. After providing an overview of the history of the concept of empathy in clinical medicine, I discuss current definitions and the use of Balint groups in residency training as a way to develop empathic competence in novice physicians.
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  15. Alan Kingstone Kirsten A. Dalrymple, Jason J. S. Barton (2013). A World Unglued: Simultanagnosia as a Spatial Restriction of Attention. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 54.0
    Simultanagnosia is a disorder of visual attention that leaves a patient’s world unglued: scenes and objects are perceived in a piecemeal manner. It is generally agreed that simultanagnosia is related to an impairment of attention, but it is unclear whether this impairment is object- or space-based in nature. We first consider the findings that support a concept of simultanagnosia as deficit of object-based attention. We then examine the evidence suggesting that simultanagnosia results from damage to a space-based attentional system, and (...)
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  16. Jonathan J. Marotta Benjamin P. Meek, Paul Shelton (2013). Posterior Cortical Atrophy: Visuomotor Deficits in Reaching and Grasping. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 36.0
    Posterior Cortical Atrophy (PCA) is a rare clinical syndrome characterised by the predominance of higher-order visual disturbances such as optic ataxia, a characteristic of Balint’s syndrome. Deficits result from progressive neurodegeneration of occipito-temporal and occipito-parietal cortices. The current study sought to explore the visuomotor functioning of four individuals with PCA by testing their ability to reach out and grasp real objects under various viewing conditions. Experiment 1 had participants reach out and grasp simple, rectangular blocks under visually- and memory-guided (...)
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  17. Sebastian J. Crutch Timothy J. Shakespeare, Keir X. X. Yong, Chris Frost, Lois G. Kim, Elizabeth K. Warrington (2013). Scene Perception in Posterior Cortical Atrophy: Categorization, Description and Fixation Patterns. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 36.0
    Partial or complete Balint’s syndrome is a core feature of the clinico-radiological syndrome of posterior cortical atrophy (PCA), in which individuals experience a progressive deterioration of cortical vision. Although multi-object arrays are frequently used to detect simultanagnosia in the clinical assessment and diagnosis of PCA, to date there have been no group studies of scene perception in patients with the syndrome. The current study involved three linked experiments conducted in PCA patients and healthy controls. Experiment 1 evaluated the accuracy (...))
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  18. András Bálint Kovács (2009). Notes to a Footnote: The Open Work According to Eco and Deleuze. In David Norman Rodowick (ed.), Afterimages of Gilles Deleuze's Film Philosophy. University of Minnesota Press.score: 36.0
     
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  19. René M. Müri Radek Ptak (2013). The Parietal Cortex and Saccade Planning: Lessons From Human Lesion Studies. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 36.0
    The parietal cortex is considered a critical interface for attention and integration of multiple sensory signals that can be used for the implementation of motor plans. Many neurons in these regions exhibit strong attention-, reach-, grasp- or saccade-related activity. Here, we review human lesion studies supporting the critical role of the parietal cortex in saccade programming planning. Studies of patients with unilateral parietal damage and spatial neglect reveal characteristic spatially lateralized deficits of saccade programming when multiple stimuli compete for attention. (...)
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  20. Marc Himmelbach Svenja Borchers, Laura Müller, Matthis Synofzik (2013). Guidelines and Quality Measures for the Diagnosis of Optic Ataxia. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    Since the first description of a systematic mis-reaching by Bálint in 1909, a reasonable number of patients showing a similar phenomenology, later termed optic ataxia (OA), has been described. However, there is surprising inconsistency regarding the behavioral measures that are used to detect OA in experimental and clinical reports, if the respective measures are reported at all. A typical screening method, that was presumably used by most researchers and clinicians, reaching for a target object in the peripheral visual space, has (...)
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  21. John Schwenkler (2012). Does Visual Spatial Awareness Require the Visual Awareness of Space? Mind and Language 27 (3):308-329.score: 18.0
    Many philosophers have held that it is not possible to experience a spatial object, property, or relation except against the background of an intact awareness of a space that is somehow ‘absolute’. This paper challenges that claim, by analyzing in detail the case of a brain-damaged subject whose visual experiences seem to have violated this condition: spatial objects and properties were present in his visual experience, but space itself was not. I go on to suggest that phenomenological argumentation can give (...)
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  22. Sebastian Halder, Balint Varkuti, Martin Bogdan, Andrea Kübler, Wolfgang Rosenstiel, Ranganatha Sitaram & Niels Birbaumer (2013). Prediction of Brain-Computer Interface Aptitude From Individual Brain Structure. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 12.0
    Objective: Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) provide a non-muscular communication channel for patients with impairments of the motor system. A significant number of BCI users is unable to obtain voluntary control of a BCI-system in proper time. This makes methods that can be used to determine the aptitude of a user necessary. Methods: We hypothesized that integrity and connectivity of involved white matter connections may serve as a predictor of individual BCI-performance. Therefore, we analyzed structural data from anatomical scans and diffusion tensor (...)
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  23. András Lörincz, Barnabás Póczos, Gábor Szirtes & Bálint Takács (2002). Ockham's Razor at Work: Modeling of the ``Homunculus''. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 3 (2):187-220.score: 12.0
    There is a broad consensus about the fundamental role of thehippocampal system (hippocampus and its adjacent areas) in theencoding and retrieval of episodic memories. This paper presents afunctional model of this system. Although memory is not asingle-unit cognitive function, we took the view that the wholesystem of the smooth, interrelated memory processes may have acommon basis. That is why we follow the Ockham's razor principleand minimize the size or complexity of our model assumption set.The fundamental assumption is the requirement of (...)
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