Search results for 'Peter Albert Railton' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Peter Albert Railton (2003). Facts, Values, and Norms: Essays Toward a Morality of Consequence. Cambridge University Press.
    In our everyday lives we struggle with the notions of why we do what we do and the need to assign values to our actions. Somehow, it seems possible through experience and life to gain knowledge and understanding of such matters. Yet once we start delving deeper into the concepts that underwrite these domains of thought and actions, we face a philosophical disappointment. In contrast to the world of facts, values and morality seem insecure, uncomfortably situated, easily influenced by illusion (...)
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  2. Martin E. P. Seligman, Peter Railton, Roy F. Baumeister & Chandra Sripada (2016). Homo Prospectus. Oxford University Press Usa.
    Our species is misnamed. Though sapiens defines human beings as "wise" what humans do especially well is to prospect the future. We are homo prospectus. In this book, Martin E. P. Seligman, Peter Railton, Roy F. Baumeister, and Chandra Sripada argue it is anticipating and evaluating future possibilities for the guidance of thought and action that is the cornerstone of human success. Much of the history of psychology has been dominated by a framework in which people's behavior is (...)
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  3.  11
    Hans Albert (1985). On Using Leibniz in Economics. Comment on Peter Koslowski. In Peter Koslowski (ed.), Economics and Philosophy. J.C.B. Mohr 7--68.
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  4. Stephen Darwall, Allan Gibbard & Peter Railton (eds.) (1996). Moral Discourse and Practice. Oxford University Press Usa.
    What are ethical judgments about? And what is their relation to practice? How can ethical judgment aspire to objectivity? The past two decades have witnessed a resurgence of interest in metaethics, placing questions such as these about the nature and status of ethical judgment at the very center of contemporary moral philosophy. Moral Discourse and Practice: Some Philosophical Approaches is a unique anthology which collects important recent work, much of which is not easily available elsewhere, on core metaethical issues. Naturalist (...)
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  5.  3
    Hans Albert & Kurt Salamun (eds.) (1993). Mensch Und Gesellschaft Aus der Sicht des Kritischen Rationalismus. Rodopi.
    Inhalt: I. AUSEINANDERSETZUNG MIT GRUNDPOSITIONEN DER KRITISCHEN GESELLSCHAFTSTHEORIE DER FRANKFURTER SCHULE. Hans ALBERT: Dialektische Denkwege. Jürgen Habermas und der Kritische Rationalismus. William D. FUSFIELD: Some Pseudoscientific Features of Transcendental-Pragmatic Grounding Projects. Evelyn GRÖBL-STEINBACH: Reflektierte versus naive Aufklärung? Kritische Theorie und Kritischer Rationalismus - Versuch einer Bestandsaufnahme. Kurt SALAMUN: Befriedetes Dasein und offene Gesellschaft. Gesellschaftliche Zielvorstellungen in Kritischer Theorie und Kritischem Rationalismus. II. DAS LEIB-SEELE-PROBLEM UND DIE KONZEPTION DER OFFENEN GESELLSCHAFT. Volker GADENNE: Ist der Leib-Seele-Dualismus widerlegt? Arpad SÖLTER: Der europäische (...)
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  6. Peter Railton (1986). Moral Realism. Philosophical Review 95 (2):163-207.
    The question of moral realismwhether our ethical beliefs rest on some objective foundationis one that mattered as much to Aristotle as it does to us today, and his writings on this topic continue to provide inspiration for the contemporary debate. This volume of essays expands the fruitful conversation among scholars of ancient philosophy and contemporary ethical theorists on this question and related issues such as the virtues, justice, and Aristotles theory of tragedy.The distinguished contributors to this volume enrich and clarify (...)
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  7. Peter Railton (1984). Alienation, Consequentialism, and the Demands of Morality. Philosophy and Public Affairs 13 (2):134-171.
    The JSTOR Archive is a trusted digital repository providing for long-term preservation and access to leading academic journals and scholarly literature from around the world. The Archive is supported by libraries, scholarly societies, publishers, and foundations. It is an initiative of JSTOR, a not-for-profit organization with a mission to help the scholarly community take advantage of advances in technology. For more information regarding JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.
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  8. Peter Railton (2014). The Affective Dog and its Rational Tale. Ethics 124 (4):813-859.
    Intuition—spontaneous, nondeliberative assessment—has long been indispensable in theoretical and practical philosophy alike. Recent research by psychologists and experimental philosophers has challenged our understanding of the nature and authority of moral intuitions by tracing them to “fast,” “automatic,” “button-pushing” responses of the affective system. This view of the affective system contrasts with a growing body of research in affective neuroscience which suggests that it is instead a flexible learning system that generates and updates a multidimensional evaluative landscape to guide decision and (...)
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  9. Stephen Darwall, Allan Gibbard & Peter Railton (1992). Toward Fin de Siècle Ethics: Some Trends. Philosophical Review 101 (1):115-189.
  10. Peter Railton (1986). Facts and Values. Philosophical Topics 14 (2):5-31.
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  11. Peter Railton (1989). Naturalism and Prescriptivity. Social Philosophy and Policy 7 (1):151.
    Statements about a person's good slip into and out of our ordinary discourse about the world with nary a ripple. Such statements are objects of belief and assertion, they obey the rules of logic, and they are often defended by evidence and argument. They even participate in common-sense explanations, as when we say of some person that he has been less subject to wild swings of enthusiasm and disappointment now that, with experience, he has gained a clearer idea of what (...)
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  12. Peter Railton (2009). Practical Competence and Fluent Agency. In David Sobel & Steven Wall (eds.), Reasons for Action. Cambridge University Press 81--115.
  13. Peter Railton (2006). Normative Guidance. In Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 1. Oxford University Press 3-34.
    I’ve been told that there are two principal approaches to drawing figures from life. One begins by tracing an outline of the figure to be drawn, locating its edges and key features on an imagined grid, and then using perspective to fill in depth. The other approach proceeds from the ‘center of mass’ of the subject, seeking to build up the image by supplying contour lines, the intersections of which convey depth—as if the representation were being created in relief. The (...)
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  14. Peter Railton (2010). Staying in Touch with Normative Reality. Philosophical Studies 151 (3):459 - 467.
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  15. Peter Railton (1978). A Deductive-Nomological Model of Probabilistic Explanation. Philosophy of Science 45 (2):206-226.
    It has been the dominant view that probabilistic explanations of particular facts must be inductive in character. I argue here that this view is mistaken, and that the aim of probabilistic explanation is not to demonstrate that the explanandum fact was nomically expectable, but to give an account of the chance mechanism(s) responsible for it. To this end, a deductive-nomological model of probabilistic explanation is developed and defended. Such a model has application only when the probabilities occurring in covering laws (...)
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  16. Peter Railton (2009). Internalism for Externalists. Philosophical Issues 19 (1):166-181.
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  17.  94
    Peter Railton (1981). Probability, Explanation, and Information. Synthese 48 (2):233 - 256.
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  18. Peter Railton (1997). On the Hypothetical and Non-Hypothetical in Reasoning About Belief and Action. In Garrett Cullity & Berys Nigel Gaut (eds.), Ethics and Practical Reason. Oxford University Press 53--79.
     
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  19. Peter Railton (2008). Coping with Moral Uncertainty. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (3):794-801.
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  20. Peter Railton (1994). Truth, Reason, and the Regulation of Belief. Philosophical Issues 5:71-93.
  21.  11
    Peter Railton (2012). That Obscure Object, Desire. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 86 (2):22-46.
  22.  84
    Peter Railton (2013). Reliance, Trust, and Belief. Inquiry 57 (1):122-150.
  23. Peter A. Railton, Schmoozy Introduction.
    If practical reason is concerned with thoughtful normative regulation of action, then theoretical reason might be seen as a matter of thoughtful normative regulation of belief. The conclusion of a piece of practical reasoning, we are told, is an act or intention to act; the conclusion of a piece of theoretical reasoning, by parallel, would be a belief or a belief-tendency. Because theoretical reason is understood to be responsive specifically to epistemic – not merely pragmatic – reasons for belief, the (...)
     
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  24.  21
    Peter Railton (2015). On Richard Brandt’s “The Science of Man and Wide Reflective Equilibrium”. Ethics 125 (4):1136-1141.
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  25.  58
    Peter Railton (1998). Aesthetic Value, Moral Value, and the Ambitions of Naturalism. In Jerrold Levinson (ed.), Aesthetics and Ethics. Cambridge 59--105.
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  26.  66
    Peter Railton (2011). Two Cheers for Virtue: Or, Might Virtue Be Habit Forming? Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics 1:295-330.
    Traditional virtue-oriented approaches to ethics suppose that acquiring relatively stable character traits, such as courage and compassion, is crucial in addressing the question of how to be. However, recent psychological studies cast doubt on the idea that people develop such traits. In light of this pessimism, the paper raises the question: what is left of virtue theory? It argues that much remains once one shifts from a traditional understanding of virtues to one of cognitive/affective “if…then” dispositions that form a person’s (...)
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  27. Peter Railton (2005). Reply to Justin D'Arms. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 126 (3):481 - 490.
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  28.  61
    Peter Railton (1998). Moral Explanation and Moral Objectivity. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (1):175-182.
    What is the real issue at stake in discussions of "moral explanation"? There isn't one; there are many. The standing of purported moral properties and problems about our epistemic or semantic access to them are of concern both from within and without moral practice. An account of their potential contribution to explaining our values, beliefs, conduct, practices, etc. can help in these respects. By examining some claims made about moral explanation in Judith Thompson's and Gilbert Harman's Moral Relativism and Moral (...)
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  29. Peter Railton, Locke, Stock, and Peril: Natural Property Rights, Pollution, and Risk.
    Lockean natural rights theories have long been associated with laissez-faire policies on the part of the government, in large measure because of the sanctity they accord to individual rights, especially private property rights. However, I will argue that if one attempts to apply such theories to moral questions about pollution, they present a different face, one set so firmly against laissez-faire -- or laissez-polluer -- as to countenance serious restriction of what Lockeans have traditionally taken to be the proper sphere (...)
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  30. Peter Railton (1999). Normative Force and Normative Freedom: Hume and Kant, but Not Hume Versus Kant. Ratio 12 (4):320–353.
    Our notion of normativity appears to combine, in a way difficult to understand but seemingly familiar from experience, elements of force and freedom. On the one hand, a normative claim is thought to have a kind of compelling authority; on the other hand, if our respecting it is to be an appropriate species of respect, it must not be coerced, automatic, or trivially guaranteed by definition. Both Hume and Kant, I argue, looked to aesthetic experience as a convincing example exhibiting (...)
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  31. Peter Railton (2005). Précis of Facts, Values, and Norms. Philosophical Studies 126 (3):429 - 432.
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  32.  94
    Peter Railton (1988). How Thinking About Character and Utilitarianism Might Lead to Rethinking the Character of Utilitarianism. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 13 (1):398-416.
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  33.  80
    Peter Railton (2012). The Critical Project Today. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85 (1):201-209.
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  34. Peter A. Railton (1998). Red, Bitter, Good. In European Review of Philosophy, Volume 3: Response-Dependence. Stanford: CSLI Publications
  35.  40
    Peter Railton (2006). Moral factualism. In James Lawrence Dreier (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory. Blackwell Pub. 6--201.
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  36.  27
    Peter Railton (2000). A Priori Rules: Wittgenstein on the Normativity of Logic. In Paul Boghossian & Christopher Peacocke (eds.), New Essays on the a Priori. Oxford University Press 170--96.
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  37.  18
    Peter Railton (2004). Toward an Ethics That Inhabits the World. In Brian Leiter (ed.), The Future for Philosophy. Oxford University Press 265--284.
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  38.  20
    Peter Railton (1995). Made in the Shade: Moral Compatibilism and the Aims of Moral Theory. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (sup1):79-106.
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  39.  17
    Peter Railton (2005). Facts, Values, and Norms. Philosophical Studies 126 (3):449-462.
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  40.  63
    Peter Railton (1992). Some Questions About the Justification of Morality. Philosophical Perspectives 6:27-53.
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  41.  63
    Peter Railton (1995). Subject‐Ive and Objective. Ratio 8 (3):259-276.
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  42.  82
    Peter Railton (2008). Reply to John Skorupski. Utilitas 20 (2):230-242.
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  43.  23
    Peter Railton (1989). Explanation and Metaphysical Controversy. In Philip Kitcher & Wesley Salmon (eds.), Scientific Explanation. Univ of Minnesota Pr 13--220.
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  44. Peter Railton (2006). How to Engage Reason: The Problem of Regress. In R. Jay Wallace, Philip Pettit, Samuel Scheffler & Michael Smith (eds.), Reason and Value: Themes From the Moral Philosophy of Joseph Raz. Clarendon Press
     
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  45. Peter Railton (2006). Humean Theory of Practical Rationality. In David Copp (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory. Oxford University Press 265--81.
     
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  46. Peter Railton (2000). Morality, Ideology, and Reflection, or the Duck Sits Yet. In Edward Harcourt (ed.), Morality, Reflection, and Ideology. Oxford University Press
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  47.  59
    Peter Railton (1992). Pluralism, Determinacy, and Dilemma. Ethics 102 (4):720-742.
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  48.  17
    Peter Railton (2000). Darwinian Building Blocks. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):1-2.
    Although the ‘naturalistic fallacy’ and the is/ought distinction have often been invoked as definitive grounds for rejecting any attempt to bring evolutionary thought to bear on ethics, they are better interpreted as warnings than as absolute barriers. Our moral concepts themselves -- e.g. the principle that ‘ought implies can’ -- require us to ask whether human psychology is capable of impartial empathetic thought and motivation characteristic of normative systems that could count as moral. As the essay by Flack and de (...)
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  49.  54
    Peter Railton (1993). Noncognitivism About Rationality: Benefits, Costs, and an Alternative. Philosophical Issues 4:36-51.
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  50.  45
    Peter Railton (1984). Marx and the Objectivity of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:813 - 826.
    Marx claims that his social theory is objective in the same sense as contemporary natural science. Yet his social theory appears to imply that the prevailing notion of scientific objectivity is ideological in character. Must Marx, then, either give up his claim of scientific objectivity or admit that he is engaged in a bit of ideology on behalf of his own theory? By suggesting an alternative way of understanding objectivity, an attempt is made to show that one can accept the (...)
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