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Peter Ashworth [7]Peter D. Ashworth [4]
  1. Peter D. Ashworth (2013). The Gift Relationship. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 44 (1):1-36.
    Derrida made the case that the ‘pure gift’ is impossible. Because of the element of obligation and reciprocity involved, gift relationships are inevitably reduced to relationships of economic exchange. This position echoes the exchange theory of the social behaviourists, the cost-benefit analyses of evolutionary psychology, and other reductionist conjectures. In this paper, 18 written accounts of gifting are analysed using established phenomenological tools of reflection. It is shown that the dynamics of the gift relationship are complex and, specifically, reciprocation in (...)
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  2. Peter Ashworth (2011). Five Master Classes in Qualitative Analysis, Frederick J. Wertz, Kathy Charmaz, Linda M. Mcmullen, Ruthellen Josselson, Rosemarie Anderson, and Emalinda McSpadden: Book Review. [REVIEW] Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 11 (2):1-5.
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  3. Peter D. Ashworth & Man Cheung Chung (eds.) (2006). Phenomenology and Psychological Science: Historical and Philosophical Perspectives. Springer.
    Phenomenological studies of human experience are a vital component of caring professions such as counseling and nursing, and qualitative research has had increasing acceptance in American psychology. At the same time, the debate continues over whether phenomenology is legitimate science, and whether qualitative approaches carry any empirical validity. Ashworth and Chung’s Phenomenology and Psychological Science places phenomenology firmly in the context of psychological tradition. And to dispel the basic misconceptions surrounding this field, the editors and their seven collaborators trace the (...)
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  4. Ann Ashworth & Peter Ashworth (2003). The Lifeworld as Phenomenon and as Research Heuristic, Exemplified by a Study of the Lifeworld of a Person Suffering Alzheimer's Disease. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 34 (2):179-205.
    The carer of the person with dementia is enjoined to maintain respect, and to reinforce this a bill of rights has been established . Of course, talk of rights does not guarantee respectful behaviour. In this paper it is argued that the discovery that the sufferer continues to be a person, with a unique lifeworld, can assist the carer to conform willingly to the demand that they act respectfully.The current research project makes central the idiographic description of the individual case.
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  5. Peter Ashworth (2003). An Approach to Phenomenological Psychology: The Contingencies of the Lifeworld. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 34 (2):145-156.
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  6. Peter Ashworth, Ranald MacDonald & Madeleine Freewood (2003). The Student Lifeworld and the Meanings of Plagiarism. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 34 (2):257-278.
    As plagiarism is a notion specific to a particular culture and epoch, and is also understood in a variety of ways by individuals, particular attention must be paid to the putting of the phenomenological question, What is plagiarism in its appearing? Resolution of this issue leads us to locate students' perceptions and opinions within the lifeworld, and to seek an initially idiographic set of descriptions. Of twelve interview analyses, three are presented. A student who took an especially anxious line, his (...)
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  7. Kate Gerrish, Mike McManus & Peter Ashworth (2003). Creating What Sort of Professional? Master's Level Nurse Education as a Professionalising Strategy. Nursing Inquiry 10 (2):103-112.
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  8. Peter D. Ashworth (1997). The Meaning of Participation. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 28 (1):82-103.
    Though there are few more pervasive features of the social world than the ebb and flow of individual participation, the literature only provides hints as to its phenomenology. The phenomenological investigation of social participation presented in this paper indicates that it essentially entails: 1. Attunement to the others' "stock of knowledge at hand" . 2. Emotional and motivational attunement to the group's concerns. 3. Taking for granted that one can contribute appropriately. 4. Being able to assume that one's identity is (...)
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  9. Peter Ashworth (1996). Presuppose Nothing! The Suspension of Assumptions in Phenomenological Psychological Methodology. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 27 (1):i-25.
    Historically, the suspension of presuppositions arose as part of the philosophical procedure of the transcendental reduction which, Husserl taught, led to the distinct realm of phenomenological research: pure consciousness. With such an origin, it may seem surprising that bracketing remains a methodological concept of modern phenomenological psychology, in which the focus is on the life-world. Such a focus of investigation is, on the face of it, incompatible with transcendental idealism. The gap was bridged largely by Merleau-Ponty, who found it possible (...)
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  10. Peter Ashworth (1993). Participant Agreement in the Justification of Qualitative Findings. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 24 (1):3-16.
    Qualitative research carried out within human science must provide justification for its findings. However, the justification of empirical claims concerning human meanings has to be approached in new ways: Quantitative procedures of validation or the use of experimental control are inappropriate. Many researchers have attempted to follow Schutz's ''postulate of adequacy," which lays down as a condition of acceptability of a scientific account of human action that it be understandable by the actor in terms of commonsense interpretation of everyday life. (...)
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