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  1. Robert Boyd, Gerd Gigerenzer, Peter J. Richerson, Arthur Robson, Jeffrey R. Stevens & Peter Hammerstein, Individual Decision Making and the Evolutionary Roots of Institutions.
    Humans hunt and kill many different species of animals, but whales are our biggest prey. In the North Atlantic, a male long-fi nned pilot whale (Globiceph- ala melaena), a large relative of the dolphins, can grow as large as 6.5 meters and weigh as much as 2.5 tons. As whales go, these are not particularly large, but there are more than 750,000 pilot whales in the North Atlantic, traveling in groups, “pods,” that range from just a few individuals to a (...)
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  2. Edward H. Hagen, Paul J. Watson & Peter Hammerstein (2008). Gestures of Despair and Hope: A View on Deliberate Self-Harm From Economics and Evolutionary Biology. Biological Theory 3 (2):123-138.
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  3. Werner Callebaut, Linnda R. Caporael, Peter Hammerstein, Manfred D. Laubichler & Gerd B. Müller (2006). Risking Deeper Integration. Biological Theory 1 (1):1-3.
  4. Peter Hammerstein, Edward H. Hagen, Andreas V. M. Herz & Hanspeter Herzel (2006). Robustness: A Key to Evolutionary Design. Biological Theory 1 (1):90-93.
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  5. Peter Hammerstein, Edward H. Hagen & Manfred D. Laubichler (2006). The Strategic View of Biological Agents. Biological Theory 1 (2):191-194.
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  6. Manfred D. Laubichler, Edward H. Hagen & Peter Hammerstein (2005). The Strategy Concept and John Maynard Smith's Influence on Theoretical Biology. Biology and Philosophy 20 (5):1041-1050.
    Here we argue that the concept of strategies, as it was introduced into biology by John Maynard Smith, is a prime illustration of the four dimensions of theoretical biology in the post-genomic era. These four dimensions are: data analysis and management, mathematical and computational model building and simulation, concept formation and analysis, and theory integration. We argue that all four dimensions of theoretical biology are crucial to future interactions between theoretical and empirical biologists as well as with philosophers of biology.
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  7. Peter Hammerstein (2000). Evolution, Learning, Games, and Simple Heuristics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):752-753.
    Humans are incapable of acting as utility maximisers. In contrast, the evolutionary process had considerable time and computational power to select optimal heuristics from a set of alternatives. To view evolution as the optimising agent has revolutionised game theory. Gigerenzer and his co-workers can help us understand the circumstances under which evolution and learning achieve optimisation and Nash equilibria.
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  8. Reinhard Selten & Peter Hammerstein (1984). Gaps in Harley's Argument on Evolutionarily Stable Learning Rules and in the Logic of “Tit for Tat”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (1):115.
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