Search results for 'Peter John Vickers' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Marc Lange, Peter Vickers, John Michael, Miles MacLeod, Alexander R. Pruss, David John Baker, Clark Glymour & Simon Fitzpatrick (2013). 1. Really Statistical Explanations and Genetic Drift Really Statistical Explanations and Genetic Drift (Pp. 169-188). Philosophy of Science 80 (2).
     
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  2.  6
    Peter Vickers (2013). Understanding Inconsistent Science. OUP Oxford.
    Peter Vickers examines 'inconsistent theories' in the history of science--theories which, though contradictory, are held to be extremely useful. He argues that these 'theories' are actually significantly different entities, and warns that the traditional goal of philosophy to make substantial, general claims about how science works is misguided.
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  3. Gordon Graham (1992). Book Review of Information UK 2000 Edited by John Martyn, Peter Vickers and Mary Feeney. [REVIEW] Logos 3 (2):108-108.
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  4.  93
    Jason E. Vickers (forthcoming). Book Review: The Theology of John Wesley: Holy Love and the Shape of Grace. [REVIEW] Interpretation 63 (3):323-324.
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  5.  6
    Michael Vickers (1986). Bronze Production in Antiquity Peter C. Bol: Antike Bronzetechnik. Kunst Und Handwerk Antiker Erzbilder. (Beck's Archäologische Bibliothek.) Pp. 212; 136 Illustrations. Munich: C. H. Beck, 1985. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 36 (02):284-286.
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  6.  6
    X. X. I. John (1990). Language in Dispute: An English Translation of Peter of Spain's Tractatus, Called Afterwards Summulae Logicales : On the Basis of the Critical Edition Established by L.M. De Rijk. John Benjamins Publishing.
    This book is a translation of Petrus Hispanus' 13th century text.
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  7.  92
    Gerhard Preyer & Georg Peter (eds.) (2005). Contextualism in Philosophy: Knowledge, Meaning, and Truth. Oxford University Press.
    In epistemology and in philosophy of language there is fierce debate about the role of context in knowledge, understanding, and meaning. Many contemporary epistemologists take seriously the thesis that epistemic vocabulary is context-sensitive. This thesis is of course a semantic claim, so it has brought epistemologists into contact with work on context in semantics by philosophers of language. This volume brings together the debates, in a set of twelve specially written essays representing the latest work by leading figures in the (...)
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  8.  53
    Peter Vickers (2008). Frisch, Muller, and Belot on an Inconsistency in Classical Electrodynamics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (4):767-792.
    This paper follows up a debate as to whether classical electrodynamics is inconsistent. Mathias Frisch makes the claim in Inconsistency, Asymmetry and Non-Locality ([2005]), but this has been quickly countered by F. A. Muller ([2007]) and Gordon Belot ([2007]). Here I argue that both Muller and Belot fail to connect with the background assumptions that support Frisch's claim. Responding to Belot I explicate Frisch's position in more detail, before providing my own criticisms. Correcting Frisch's position, I find that I can (...)
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  9.  32
    Peter Vickers (2013). A Confrontation of Convergent Realism. Philosophy of Science 80 (2):189-211.
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  10.  87
    Peter Vickers (2012). Historical Magic in Old Quantum Theory? European Journal for Philosophy of Science 2 (1):1-19.
    Two successes of old quantum theory are particularly notable: Bohr’s prediction of the spectral lines of ionised helium, and Sommerfeld’s prediction of the fine-structure of the hydrogen spectral lines. Many scientific realists would like to be able to explain these successes in terms of the truth or approximate truth of the assumptions which fuelled the relevant derivations. In this paper I argue that this will be difficult for the ionised helium success, and is almost certainly impossible for the fine-structure success. (...)
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  11.  20
    Peter Vickers (2014). Scientific Theory Eliminativism. Erkenntnis 79 (1):111-126.
    The philosopher of science faces overwhelming disagreement in the literature on the definition, nature, structure, ontology, and content of scientific theories. These disagreements are at least partly responsible for disagreements in many of the debates in the discipline which put weight on the concept scientific theory. I argue that available theories of theories and conceptual analyses of theory are ineffectual options for addressing this difficulty: they do not move debates forward in a significant way. Directing my attention to debates about (...)
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  12.  55
    John Vickers, The Problem of Induction. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  13.  52
    Juha Saatsi & Peter Vickers (2011). Miraculous Success? Inconsistency and Untruth in Kirchhoff's Diffraction Theory. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 62 (1):29-46.
    Kirchhoff’s diffraction theory is introduced as a new case study in the realism debate. The theory is extremely successful despite being both inconsistent and not even approximately true. Some habitual realist proclamations simply cannot be maintained in the face of Kirchhoff’s theory, as the realist is forced to acknowledge that theoretical success can in some circumstances be explained in terms other than truth. The idiosyncrasy (or otherwise) of Kirchhoff’s case is considered.
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  14. John M. Vickers (2001). Logic, Probability, and Coherence. Philosophy of Science 68 (1):95-110.
    How does deductive logic constrain probability? This question is difficult for subjectivistic approaches, according to which probability is just strength of (prudent) partial belief, for this presumes logical omniscience. This paper proposes that the way in which probability lies always between possibility and necessity can be made precise by exploiting a minor theorem of de Finetti: In any finite set of propositions the expected number of truths is the sum of the probabilities over the set. This is generalized to apply (...)
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  15.  23
    John M. Vickers (2000). I Believe It, but Soon I'll Not Believe It Any More: Scepticism, Empiricism, and Reflection. Synthese 124 (2):155-174.
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  16. John M. Vickers (1988). Chance and Structure: An Essay on the Logical Foundations of Probability. Oxford University Press.
    Discussing the relations between logic and probability, this book compares classical 17th- and 18th-century theories of probability with contemporary theories, explores recent logical theories of probability, and offers a new account of probability as a part of logic.
     
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  17. John M. Vickers (1966). Some Features of Theories of Belief. Journal of Philosophy 63 (8):197-201.
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  18.  55
    Peter Vickers (2009). Can Partial Structures Accommodate Inconsistent Science? Principia 13 (2):233-250-.
    The semantic approach to scientific representation is now long established as a favourite amongst philosophers of science. One of the foremost strains of this approach-the model-theoretic approach (MTA)-is to represent scientific theories as families of models, all of which satisfy or 'make true' a given set of constraints. However some autho.rs (Brown 2002, Frisch 2005) have criticised the approach on the grounds that certain scientific theories are logically inconsistent, and there can be no models of an inconsistent set of constraints. (...)
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  19.  21
    John M. Vickers (1976). The Emergence of Probability: A Philosophical Study of Early Ideas About Probability, Induction and Statistical Inference. Journal of the History of Philosophy 14 (3):366-367.
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  20.  50
    Peter Vickers, Was the Early Calculus an Inconsistent Theory?
    The ubiquitous assertion that the early calculus of Newton and Leibniz was an inconsistent theory is examined. Two different objects of a possible inconsistency claim are distinguished: (i) the calculus as an algorithm; (ii) proposed explanations of the moves made within the algorithm. In the first case the calculus can be interpreted as a theory in something like the logician’s sense, whereas in the second case it acts more like a scientific theory. I find no inconsistency in the first case, (...)
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  21.  12
    John M. Vickers (1989). An Agenda for Subjectivism. Erkenntnis 31 (2-3):397 - 416.
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  22.  35
    John M. Vickers (1967). Characteristics of Projectible Predicates. Journal of Philosophy 64 (9):280-286.
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  23.  20
    Giacomo Bonanno & John Vickers (1988). Vertical Separation. Journal of Industrial Economics 36 (3):257-265.
    behaviour from the rival manufacturer. We consider the case where franchise fees can be used to extract retailers' surplus. We show that vertical separation is in the collective, as well as individual, interest of manufacturers, and hence facilitates some collusion in the simple setting..
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  24.  36
    Peter Vickers, Bohr's Theory of the Atom: Content, Closure and Consistency.
    Please follow the link below for the most recent version of this paper: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/archive/00004005/.
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  25.  12
    John M. Vickers (1979). Definability and Logical Structure in Frege. Journal of the History of Philosophy 17 (3):291-308.
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  26.  37
    John M. Vickers (2004). Ramsey on Judgment: The Theory of "Facts and Propositions". Dialectica 58 (4):499–516.
    Ramsey's “Facts and Propositions” is terse, allusive, and dense. The paper is far from easy to understand. The present essay is an effort, largely following Brian Loar's account,1 to say what Ramsey's goal is, to spell out what he took to be the means to accomplish it, and to show how those means, at least in the terms of F&P, cannot accomplish that end. I also contrast Loar's own account of judgment, explicitly modeled on Ramsey's view, with the latter. The (...)
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  27.  33
    John M. Vickers (1991). Objectivity and Ideology in the Human Sciences. Topoi 10 (2):175-186.
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  28.  6
    John Vickers (2004). Economics for Consumer Policy. Proceedings of the British Academy 125:287-310.
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  29.  7
    John M. Vickers (1976). On the Phenomenology of Partial Judgment. Grazer Philosophische Studien 2:105-132.
    The main sources here are Hume, Husserl, and De Finetti. The problem is how phenomenological investigation has to do with partial or probabilistic judgment. Behavioristic, frequentist and subjectivistic views are briefly surveyed. A variant of Hume's account of the probability of chances is developed with the help of De Finetti's concept of exchangeability. The question of transcendental elements in or behind partial judgment is considered in the light of understanding disagreement and error in partial judgment.
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  30. John Vickers (2004). Keynes Lecture in Economics. Proceedings of the British Academy: Volume 125: 2003 Lectures 125:287-310.
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  31.  15
    John M. Vickers (1990). Compactness in Finite Probabilistic Inference. Journal of Philosophical Logic 19 (3):305 - 316.
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  32.  19
    John M. Vickers (1983). Gottlob Frege. Journal of the History of Philosophy 21 (1):123-124.
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  33.  5
    Peter Vickers (2011). A Brief Chronology of the Philosophy of Science. In Steven French & Juha Saatsi (eds.), Continuum Companion to the Philosophy of Science. Continuum 359.
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  34.  1
    J. P. Day & John M. Vickers (1978). Belief and Probability. Philosophical Quarterly 28 (111):171.
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  35.  16
    John M. Vickers (1965). Some Remarks on Coherence and Subjective Probability. Philosophy of Science 32 (1):32-38.
    The interpretation of the calculus of probability as a logic of partial belief has at least two advantages: it makes the assignment of probabilities plausible in cases where classical frequentist interpretations must find such assignments meaningless, and it gives a clear meaning to partial belief and to consistency of partial belief.
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  36.  6
    John M. Vickers (1978). On the Reality of Chance. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1978:563 - 578.
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  37.  1
    Peter Vickers (2010). Fluorescent Aporetics. Metascience 19 (1):105-108.
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  38.  1
    David Miller & John M. Vickers (1990). Chance and Structure. Philosophical Quarterly 40 (158):103.
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  39.  28
    Ana Maria Mora-Marquez (2011). Pragmatics in Peter John Olivis Account of Signification of Common Names. Vivarium 49 (1-3):150-164.
    The aim of this paper is to present a reconstruction of Olivi's account of signification of common names and to highlight certain intrusion of pragmatics into this account. The paper deals with the question of how certain facts, other than original imposition, may be relevant to determine the semantical content of an utterance, and not with the question of how we perform actions by means of utterances. The intrusion of pragmatics into Olivi's semantics we intend to point out may seem (...)
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  40.  47
    Christian Rode (2011). The concept of inner experience in Peter John Olivi. Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 13 (1):123-141.
    This article discusses the notion of inner experience and self-knowledge in Peter John Olivi. According to Olivi, each act of cognition is accompanied by some sort of self-awareness or self-experience. Therefore, the problem of an infinite regress of acts of self-awareness arises. Olivi tries to solve this problem by drawing on a theory of reflection which bears a striking resemblance to modern self-representational or dispositional accounts of (self-)consciousness. Thus, in order to be said to be »known« or »certain« (...)
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  41.  24
    John P. Doyle (1986). Peter John Olivi on Right, Dominion, and Voluntary Signs. Semiotics:419-429.
  42.  8
    John Marschall (1956). The Causation of Knowledge in the Philosophy of Peter John Olivi, O. F. M. Franciscan Studies 16 (4):313-318.
  43.  1
    John M. Robertson (1893). Book Review:The Real Jesus: A Review of His Life, Character, and Death, From a Jewish Stand-Point. John Vickers. [REVIEW] Ethics 3 (3):396-.
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  44.  50
    Holly J. Grieco (2013). The Boy Bishop and the "Uncanonized Saint" St. Louis of Anjou and Peter of John Olivi as Models of Franciscan Spirituality in the Fourteenth Century. Franciscan Studies 70 (1):247-282.
    On August 19, 1297, a young man of royal heritage died in the household of the Count of Provence and King of Naples at Brignoles, a short distance from Marseille. The young man was Louis of Anjou, a Franciscan friar and Bishop of Toulouse, who had renounced his inheritance and claim to the Kingdom of Naples to pursue a religious vocation. Only twenty-three years old when he died, Louis nevertheless had long been inspired by Franciscan spirituality, and less than eight (...)
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    Peter of John Olivi, O. F. M. Flood & Oleg Bychkov (2008). Peter of John Olivi The Sum of Questions on The Sentences [of Peter Lombard]. Franciscan Studies 66 (1):83-99.
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  46.  11
    D. S. Jeffreys (2001). Euthanasia and John Paul II's "Silent Language of Profound Sharing of Affection:" Why Christians Should Care About Peter Singer. Christian Bioethics 7 (3):359-378.
    Peter Singer's recent appointment to Princeton University created considerable controversy, most of it focused on his proposal for active euthanasia of disabled infants. Singer articulates utilitarian ideas that often appear in public discussions of euthanasia. Drawing on Pope John Paul II's work on ethics and suffering, I argue that Singer's utilitarian theory of value is impoverished. After introducing the Pope's ethic based on the imago dei, I discuss love as self-gift. I show how this concept supports a (...)
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  47.  3
    Eric Severson (2009). Peter Gratton and John Panteleimon Manoussakis, Eds. Traversing the Imaginary: Richard Kearney and the Postmodern Challenge. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 2007. [REVIEW] Analecta Hermeneutica 1 (1):334-337.
    Book Review. Eric Severson reviews Peter Gratton and John Panteleimon Manoussakis, eds. Traversing the Imaginary: Richard Kearney and the Postmodern Challenge . Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 2007.
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  48. André L. Goddu (1995). Consequences and Conditional Propositions in John of Glogovia’s and Michael of Biestrzykowa’s Commentaries on Peter of Spain and Their Possible Influence on on Nicholas Copernicus. Archives d'Histoire Doctrinale et Littéraire du Moyen Âge 62:137-188.
    In their commentaries on Peter of Spain’s texts, two professors at the University of Cracow, John of Glogovia and Michael of Biestrzykowa, provided interpretations of consequences and conditional propositions which either rejected the paradoxes of strict implication or placed on them such restrictions as to challenge traditional views about the relation between antecedent and consequent. Nicholas Copernicus may have been inflenced by those discussions.
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  49. Luisa Valente (2016). Happiness, Contemplative Life, and the Tria Genera Hominum in Twelfth-Century Philosophy: Peter Abelard and John of Salisbury. Quaestio 15:73-98.
    As Christians, all twelfth-century Latin thinkers identified true happiness with the happiness God promises in the afterlife. This happiness was believed to be entirely spiritual, consisting in the endless vision of God. Nevertheless, along with this beatitudo in patria we also find in some twelfth-century authors the idea of a beatitudo in via as the philosophical life. This life can be characterized either as completely contemplative and solitary, or as one that remains partially attached to material circumstances and action in (...)
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    Sharon M. Kaye (2004). Why the Liberty of Indifference Is Worth Wanting: Buridan's Ass, Friendship, and Peter John Olivi. History of Philosophy Quarterly 21 (1):21 - 42.
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