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Peter Machamer [77]Peter K. Machamer [35]
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Profile: Peter Machamer (University of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh)
  1. Peter K. Machamer, Lindley Darden & Carl F. Craver (2000). Thinking About Mechanisms. Philosophy of Science 67 (1):1-25.
    The concept of mechanism is analyzed in terms of entities and activities, organized such that they are productive of regular changes. Examples show how mechanisms work in neurobiology and molecular biology. Thinking in terms of mechanisms provides a new framework for addressing many traditional philosophical issues: causality, laws, explanation, reduction, and scientific change.
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  2.  96
    Peter Machamer (2004). Activities and Causation: The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Mechanisms. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 18 (1):27 – 39.
    This article deals with mechanisms conceived as composed of entities and activities. In response to many perplexities about the nature of activities, a number of arguments are developed concerning their epistemic and ontological status. Some questions concerning the relations between cause and causal explanation and mechanisms are also addressed.
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  3.  3
    Peter K. Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.) (2004). Science, Values, and Objectivity. University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Few people, if any, still argue that science in all its aspects is a value-free endeavor. At the very least, values affect decisions about the choice of research problems to investigate and the uses to which the results of research are applied. But what about the actual doing of science? -/- As Science, Values, and Objectivity reveals, the connections and interactions between values and science are quite complex. The essays in this volume identify the crucial values that play a role (...)
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  4.  26
    Peter K. Machamer (2009). Descartes's Changing Mind. Princeton University Press.
    This is the first book to focus on Descartes's changing views, and it is welcome."--Roger Ariew, University of South Florida.
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  5.  46
    Jim Bogen & Peter Machamer (2011). Mechanistic Information and Causal Continuity. In Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. OUP Oxford
    Some biological processes move from step to step in a way that cannot be completely understood solely in terms of causes and correlations. This paper develops a notion of mechanistic information that can be used to explain the continuities of such processes. We compare them to processes that do not involve information. We compare our conception of mechanistic information to some familiar notions including Crick’s idea of genetic information, Shannon-Weaver information, and Millikan’s biosemantic information.
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  6.  7
    Drozdstoj Stoyanov, Peter K. Machamer, Kenneth F. Schaffner & Rayito Rivera‐Hernández (2012). The Challenge of Psychiatric Nosology and Diagnosis. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (3):704-709.
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  7.  27
    Peter K. Machamer, Marcello Pera & Aristeidēs Baltas (eds.) (2000). Scientific Controversies: Philosophical and Historical Perspectives. Oxford University Press.
    Traditionally it has been thought that scientific controversies can always be resolved on the basis of empirical data. Recently, however, social constructionists have claimed that the outcome of scientific debates is strongly influenced by non-evidential factors such as the rhetorical prowess and professional clout of the participants. This volume of previously unpublished essays by well-known philosophers of science presents historical studies and philosophical analyses that undermine the plausibility of an extreme social constructionist perspective while also indicating the need for a (...)
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  8.  42
    Peter Machamer & Heather Douglas (1999). Cognitive and Social Values. Science and Education 8 (1):45-54.
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  9.  20
    Peter Machamer, J. E. Mcguire & Hylarie Kochiras (2012). Newton and the Mechanical Philosophy: Gravitation as the Balance of the Heavens. Southern Journal of Philosophy 50 (3):370-388.
    We argue that Isaac Newton really is best understood as being in the tradition of the Mechanical Philosophy and, further, that Newton saw himself as being in this tradition. But the tradition as Newton understands it is not that of Robert Boyle and many others, for whom the Mechanical Philosophy was defined by contact action and a corpuscularean theory of matter. Instead, as we argue in this paper, Newton interpreted and extended the Mechanical Philosophy's slogan “matter and motion” in reference (...)
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  10. Peter K. Machamer (2009). Neuroscience, Learning and the Return to Behaviorism. In John Bickle (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Neuroscience. Oxford University Press 166--178.
     
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  11.  13
    Peter Machamer, Activities and Causation.
    This paper details the ontological and epistemic character of activties that occur in mechanisms. It explains why they are sufficient to handle the problems of causation.
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  12.  90
    Drozdstoj Stoyanov, Peter Machamer & Kenneth F. Schaffner (2013). In Quest for Scientific Psychiatry: Toward Bridging the Explanatory Gap. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (3):261-273.
    The contemporary epistemic status of mental health disciplines does not allow the cross validation of mental disorders among various genetic markers, biochemical pathway or mechanisms, and clinical assessments in neuroscience explanations. We attempt to provide a meta-empirical analysis of the contemporary status of the cross-disciplinary issues existing between neuro-biology and psychopathology. Our case studies take as an established medical mode an example cross validation between biological sciences and clinical cardiology in the case of myocardial infarction. This is then contrasted with (...)
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  13.  41
    Peter Machamer (1973). Feyerabend and Galileo: The Interaction of Theories, and the Reinterpretation of Experience. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science 4 (1):1-46.
  14.  19
    Peter Machamer & Justin Sytsma (2005). Neuroscienze e natura della filosofia. Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 18 (3):495-514.
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  15.  18
    Peter K. Machamer & Michael Silberstein (eds.) (2002). The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Science. Blackwell.
    This volume presentsa definitive introduction to the core areas of philosophy of science.
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  16.  44
    Peter Machamer & Franccsca Di Poppa (2001). Rational Reconstructions Revised. Theoria 16 (3):461-480.
    Imre Lakatos’ idea that history of science without philosophy of science is blind may still be given a plausible interpretation today, even though his theory of the methodology of scientific research programmes has been rejected. The latter theory captures neither rationality in science nor the sense in which history must be told in a rational fashion. Nonetheless, Lakatos was right in insisting that the discipline of history consists of written rational reconstructions. In this paper, we will examine possible ways to (...)
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  17.  6
    Peter Machamer & Andrea Woody (1994). A Model of Intelligibility in Science: Using Galileo's Balance as a Model for Understanding the Motion of Bodies. Science and Education 3 (3):215-244.
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  18.  59
    Peter Machamer, Explaining Mechanisms.
    An overview of how mechanisms work in explanations.
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  19.  21
    Peter Machamer & Justin Sytsma (2009). Philosophy and the Brain Sciences. Iris 1 (2):353-374.
    What are the differences between philosophy and science, or between the methods of philosophy and the methods of science? Unlike some philosophers we do not find philosophy and the methods of philosophy to be sui generis. Science, and in particular neuroscience, has much to tell us about the nature of the world and the concepts that we must use to understand and explain it. Yet science cannot function well without reflective analysis of the concepts, methods, and practices that constitute it. (...)
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  20. Peter Machamer (2010). Some Cogitations on Interpretations. In Peter K. Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.), Interpretation: Ways of Thinking About the Sciences and the Arts. University of Pittsburgh Press
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  21.  17
    Peter Machamer (1998). Philosophy of Science: An Overview for Educators. Science and Education 7 (1):1-11.
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  22.  14
    Peter Machamer (2007). Daniela Bailer-Jones, 1969-2006. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 21 (2):211 – 212.
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  23.  4
    Peter Machamer, Galileo Galilei. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  24.  18
    Peter K. Machamer, James E. McGuire & Justin Sytsma (2005). Knowing Causes: Descartes on the World of Matter. Philosophica 76.
    In this essay, we discuss how Descartes arrives at his mature view of material causation. Descartes’ position changes over time in some very radical ways. The last section spells out his final position as to how causation works in the world of material objects. When considering Descartes’ causal theories, it is useful to distinguish between ‘vertical’ and ‘horizontal’ causation. The vertical perspective addresses God’s relation to creation. God is essential being, and every being other than God depends upon God in (...)
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  25. Peter K. Machamer & Robert G. Turnbull (eds.) (1976). Motion and Time, Space and Matter. Ohio State University Press.
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  26.  1
    Peter Machamer (2002). Stillman Drake.Essays on Galileo and the History and Philosophy of Science. Volumes 1–3. Edited with Introductions by N. M. Swerdlow and T. H. Levere. Volume 1: Xxiv + 473 Pp., Frontis., Illus., Index; Volume 2: Viii + 380 Pp., Frontis., Illus., Figs., Tables, Index; Volume 3: Vi + 392 Pp., Frontis., Illus., Figs., Tables, Bibl., Index. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999. $75 ; $24.95. [REVIEW] Isis 93 (4):697-697.
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  27.  40
    Peter K. Machamer, Peter McLaughlin & Rick Grush (eds.) (2001). Theory and Method in the Neurosciences. University of Pittsburgh Press.
  28.  4
    Peter McLaughlin, Peter Machamer & Rick Grush (eds.) (2001). Theory and Method in the Neurosciences. Pittsburgh University Press.
  29.  11
    Peter Machamer (1995). Kitcher and the Achievement of Science. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (3):629-636.
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  30.  11
    Peter K. Machamer (1970). Recent Work on Perception. American Philosophical Quarterly 7 (January):1-22.
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  31.  14
    Andrea Falcon & Peter Machamer (2003). Wagner, Michael F. Neoplatonism and Nature: Studies in Plotinus' “Enneads”. Review of Metaphysics 56 (4):907-908.
  32.  34
    Peter Machamer (2011). Phenomena, Data and Theories: A Special Issue of Synthese. Synthese 182 (1):1-5.
    The papers collected here are the result of an INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM: Data · Phenomena · Theories: What’s the notion of a scientific phenomenon good for? held in Heidelberg in September 2008. The event was organized by the research group Causality, Cognition, and the Constitution of Scientific Phenomena in cooperation with Philosophy Department at the University of Heidelberg (Peter McLaughlin and Andreas Kemmerling) and the IWH Heidelberg. The symposium was supported by the Emmy-Noether-Programm der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft and by Stiftung Universitat Heidelebrg (...)
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  33. Peter Machamer, Please Scroll Down for Article.
    This article may be used for research, teaching and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, re-distribution, re-selling, loan or sub-licensing, systematic supply or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden.
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  34.  9
    David Turnbull, Henry Krips, Val Dusek, Steve Fuller, Alan Sokal, Jean Bricmont, Alan Frost, Alan Chalmers, Anna Salleh, Alfred I. Tauber, Yvonne Luxford, Nicolaas Rupke, Steven French, Peter G. Brown, Hugh LaFollette, Peter Machamer, Nicolas Rasmussen, Andy J. Miller, Marya Schechtman, Ross S. West, John Forge, David Oldroyd, Nancy Demand, Darrin W. Belousek, Warren Schmaus, Sungook Hong, Rachel A. Ankeny, Peter Anstey, Jeremy Butterfield & Harshi Gunawardena (2000). Clarity, Charity and Criticism, Wit, Wisdom and Worldliness: Avoiding Intellectual Impositions. [REVIEW] Metascience 9 (3):347-498.
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  35.  11
    Peter K. Machamer (1979). The Emergence of Science in Western Europe. Journal of the History of Philosophy 17 (3):341-342.
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  36.  8
    Drozdstoj St Stoyanov, Peter K. Machamer & Kenneth F. Schaffner (2012). Rendering Clinical Psychology an Evidence‐Based Scientific Discipline: A Case Study. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (1):149-154.
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  37.  1
    Peter Machamer (2000). The Concept of the Individual an D the Idea (L) of Method in Seventeenth-Century Natural Philosophy. In Peter K. Machamer, Marcello Pera & Aristeidēs Baltas (eds.), Scientific Controversies: Philosophical and Historical Perspectives. Oxford University Press 81.
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  38. Peter Machamer & Lisa Osbeck (2002). Perception, Conception, and the Limits of the Direct Theory. In R. E. Auxier & L. E. Hahn (eds.), The Philosophy of Marjorie Grene. La Salle, Illinois: Open Court 29--129.
     
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  39.  26
    Steven Quartz, Jacqueline Anne Sullivan, Peter Machamer & Andrea Scarantino, Session 5: Development, Neuroscience and Evolutionary Psychology.
    Proceedings of the Pittsburgh Workshop in History and Philosophy of Biology, Center for Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh, March 23-24 2001 Session 5: Development, Neuroscience and Evolutionary Psychology.
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  40.  14
    Peter K. Machamer & George W. Roberts (1968). Art and Morality. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 26 (4):515-519.
  41.  23
    Peter MacHamer & Lisa Osbeck (2003). Scientific Normativity as Non-Epistemic: A Hidden Kuhnian Legacy. Social Epistemology 17 (1):3 – 11.
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  42.  21
    Peter Machamer (2008). Review of Barry C. Smith (Ed.), Fritz Allhoff (Ed.), Questions of Taste: The Philosophy of Wine; and, Wine and Philosophy: A Symposium on Thinking and Drinking. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (4).
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  43. Peter Machamer (1976). Causality and Explanation in Descartes' Natural Philosophy. In Peter K. Machamer & Robert G. Turnbull (eds.), Motion and Time, Space and Matter. Ohio State University Press 168--199.
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  44.  3
    Ramón Moreno Cuevas, Peter Machamer, Michael Silberstein, Yuri Balashov, Alex Rosenberg & Lynette Hunter (2002). Rescher, Nicholas (2001), Minding Matter, Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publish-Ers, USD 60 (Cloth), USD 21.95 (Pb). Fuller, Steve (2002), Thomas Kuhn: A Philosophical History for Our Times, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, USD 22.50 (Pb). [REVIEW] Synthese 133:455-456.
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  45.  16
    Aristeides Baltas & Peter K. Machamer (2004). Athens-Pittsburgh Symposium in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology. Perspectives on Science 12 (3):243-243.
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  46.  2
    Peter Machamer (1995). Review: Kitcher and the Achievement of Science. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (3):629 - 636.
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  47.  2
    Peter K. Machamer & Robert G. Turnbull (1979). Motion and Time, Space and Matter: Interrelations in the History of Philosophy and Science. Philosophical Review 88 (1):122-124.
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  48.  4
    Peter Machamer & Brian Hepburn (2004). Galileo and the Pendulum: Latching on to Time. Science and Education 13 (4-5):333-347.
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  49.  4
    Peter Machamer (2014). Thomas Hobbes. Hobbes Studies 27 (1):1-12.
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  50.  1
    Karen Arnold, James Bogen, Ingo Brigandt, Joe Cain, Paul Griffiths, Catherine Kendig, James Lennox, Alan C. Love, Peter Machamer, Jacqueline Sullivan, Gianmatteo Mameli, Sandra Mitchell, David Papineau, Karola Stotz & D. M. Walsh, Titles and Abstracts for the Pitt-London Workshop in the Philosophy of Biology and Neuroscience: September 2001.
    Titles and abstracts for the Pitt-London Workshop in the Philosophy of Biology and Neuroscience: September 2001.
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