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Profile: Peter Railton (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor)
  1. Peter A. Railton, Schmoozy Introduction.
    If practical reason is concerned with thoughtful normative regulation of action, then theoretical reason might be seen as a matter of thoughtful normative regulation of belief. The conclusion of a piece of practical reasoning, we are told, is an act or intention to act; the conclusion of a piece of theoretical reasoning, by parallel, would be a belief or a belief-tendency. Because theoretical reason is understood to be responsive specifically to epistemic – not merely pragmatic – reasons for belief, the (...)
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  2. Peter Railton, Locke, Stock, and Peril: Natural Property Rights, Pollution, and Risk.
    Lockean natural rights theories have long been associated with laissez-faire policies on the part of the government, in large measure because of the sanctity they accord to individual rights, especially private property rights. However, I will argue that if one attempts to apply such theories to moral questions about pollution, they present a different face, one set so firmly against laissez-faire -- or laissez-polluer -- as to countenance serious restriction of what Lockeans have traditionally taken to be the proper sphere (...)
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  3. Peter Railton (forthcoming). The Affective Dog and its Rational Tale. Ethics.
    Intuition—spontaneous, nondeliberative assessment—has long been indispensable in theoretical and practical philosophy alike. Recent research by psychologists and experimental philosophers has challenged our understanding of the nature and authority of moral intuitions by tracing them to “fast,” “automatic,” “button-pushing” responses of the affective system. This view of the affective system contrasts with a growing body of research in affective neuroscience which suggests that it is instead a flexible learning system that generates and updates a multidimensional evaluative landscape to guide decision and (...)
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  4. Peter Railton (2013). Reliance, Trust, and Belief. Inquiry 57 (1):122-150.
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  5. Peter Railton (2012). The Critical Project Today. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85 (1):201-209.
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  6. Peter Railton (2012). That Obscure Object, Desire. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 86 (2):22-46.
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  7. Peter Railton (2011). Two Cheers for Virtue: Or, Might Virtue Be Habit Forming? Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics 1:295-330.
    Traditional virtue-oriented approaches to ethics suppose that acquiring relatively stable character traits, such as courage and compassion, is crucial in addressing the question of how to be. However, recent psychological studies cast doubt on the idea that people develop such traits. In light of this pessimism, the paper raises the question: what is left of virtue theory? It argues that much remains once one shifts from a traditional understanding of virtues to one of cognitive/affective “if…then” dispositions that form a person’s (...)
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  8. Peter Railton (2010). Realism and its Alternatives. In John Skorupski (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Ethics. Routledge.
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  9. Peter Railton (2010). Staying in Touch with Normative Reality. Philosophical Studies 151 (3):459 - 467.
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  10. Peter A. Railton, Toward a Unified Theory of Rationality in Belief, Desire, and Action, Rev. Nov. 2010.
    Preliminary draft of November 2010???please do not circulate without permission.
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  11. Peter Railton (2009). Internalism for Externalists. Philosophical Issues 19 (1):166-181.
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  12. Peter Railton (2009). Practical Competence and Fluent Agency. In David Sobel & Steven Wall (eds.), Reasons for Action. Cambridge University Press. 81--115.
  13. Peter Railton (2008). Coping with Moral Uncertainty. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (3):794-801.
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  14. Peter Railton (2008). Reply to John Skorupski. Utilitas 20 (2):230-242.
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  15. Peter Railton (2006). How to Engage Reason: The Problem of Regress. In R. Jay Wallace, Philip Pettit, Samuel Scheffler & Michael Smith (eds.), Reason and Value: Themes From the Moral Philosophy of Joseph Raz. Clarendon Press.
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  16. Peter Railton (2006). Humean Theory of Practical Rationality. In David Copp (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory. Oxford University Press. 265--81.
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  17. Peter Railton (2006). Moral factualism. In James Lawrence Dreier (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory. Blackwell Pub.. 6--201.
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  18. Peter Railton (2006). Normative Guidance. In Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 1. Oxford University Press. 3-34.
    I’ve been told that there are two principal approaches to drawing figures from life. One begins by tracing an outline of the figure to be drawn, locating its edges and key features on an imagined grid, and then using perspective to fill in depth. The other approach proceeds from the ‘center of mass’ of the subject, seeking to build up the image by supplying contour lines, the intersections of which convey depth—as if the representation were being created in relief. The (...)
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  19. Peter Railton (2005). Précis of Facts, Values, and Norms. Philosophical Studies 126 (3):429 - 432.
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  20. Peter Railton (2005). Review: Reply to Justin D'Arms. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 126 (3):481 - 490.
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  21. Peter Railton (2005). Review: Reply to Ben Eggleston. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 126 (3):491 - 499.
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  22. Peter Railton (2005). Review: Reply to Ralph Wedgwood. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 126 (3):501 - 508.
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  23. Peter Railton (2005). Reply to Ben Eggleston. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 126 (3):491 - 499.
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  24. Peter Railton (2005). Reply to Justin D'Arms. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 126 (3):481 - 490.
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  25. Peter Railton (2005). Reply to Ralph Wedgwood. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 126 (3):501 - 508.
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  26. Peter Railton (2004). Toward an Ethics That Inhabits the World. In Brian Leiter (ed.), The Future for Philosophy. Oxford University Press. 265--284.
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  27. Peter Albert Railton (2003). Facts, Values, and Norms: Essays Toward a Morality of Consequence. Cambridge University Press.
    In our everyday lives we struggle with the notions of why we do what we do and the need to assign values to our actions. Somehow, it seems possible through experience and life to gain knowledge and understanding of such matters. Yet once we start delving deeper into the concepts that underwrite these domains of thought and actions, we face a philosophical disappointment. In contrast to the world of facts, values and morality seem insecure, uncomfortably situated, easily influenced by illusion (...)
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  28. Peter Railton (2001). Kant rencontre Aristote là où la raison rencontre l'appétit. Philosophiques 28 (1):47-67.
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  29. Peter Railton (2000). A Priori Rules: Wittgenstein on the Normativity of Logic. In Paul Boghossian & Christopher Peacocke (eds.), New Essays on the a Priori. Oxford University Press. 170--96.
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  30. Peter Railton (2000). Darwinian Building Blocks. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):1-2.
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  31. Peter Railton (2000). Morality, Ideology, and Reflection, or the Duck Sits Yet. In Edward Harcourt (ed.), Morality, Reflection, and Ideology. Oxford University Press.
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  32. Peter Railton (2000). Morality, Ideology, and Reflection. In Edward Harcourt (ed.), Morality, Reflection, and Ideology. Clarendon Press.
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  33. Peter Railton (1999). Normative Force and Normative Freedom: Hume and Kant, but Not Hume Versus Kant. Ratio 12 (4):320–353.
    Our notion of normativity appears to combine, in a way difficult to understand but seemingly familiar from experience, elements of force and freedom. On the one hand, a normative claim is thought to have a kind of compelling authority; on the other hand, if our respecting it is to be an appropriate species of respect, it must not be coerced, automatic, or trivially guaranteed by definition. Both Hume and Kant, I argue, looked to aesthetic experience as a convincing example exhibiting (...)
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  34. Stephen Darwall, Allan Gibbard, Peter Railton, Robbie Davis-Floyd, P. Sven, Patrice DiQuinzio, Iris Marion, M. David Ermann, Mary B. Williams & Michele S. Shauf (1998). Curtler, Hugh Mercer. Rediscover. Teaching Philosophy 21 (1):115.
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  35. Peter Railton (1998). Aesthetic Value, Moral Value, and the Ambitions of Naturalism. In Jerrold Levinson (ed.), Aesthetics and Ethics. Cambridge. 59--105.
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  36. Peter Railton (1998). Moral Explanation and Moral Objectivity. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (1):175-182.
    What is the real issue at stake in discussions of "moral explanation"? There isn't one; there are many. The standing of purported moral properties and problems about our epistemic or semantic access to them are of concern both from within and without moral practice. An account of their potential contribution to explaining our values, beliefs, conduct, practices, etc. can help in these respects. By examining some claims made about moral explanation in Judith Thompson's and Gilbert Harman's Moral Relativism and Moral (...)
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  37. Peter Railton (1998). Review: Moral Explanation and Moral Objectivity. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (1):175 - 182.
    What is the real issue at stake in discussions of "moral explanation"? There isn't one; there are many. The standing of purported moral properties and problems about our epistemic or semantic access to them are of concern both from within and without moral practice. An account of their potential contribution to explaining our values, beliefs, conduct, practices, etc. can help in these respects. By examining some claims made about moral explanation in Judith Thompson's and Gilbert Harman's Moral Relativism and Moral (...)
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  38. Peter A. Railton (1998). European Review of Philosophy, Volume 3: Response-Dependence. Stanford: CSLI Publications.
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  39. Peter A. Railton (1998). Red, Bitter, Good. In European Review of Philosophy, Volume 3: Response-Dependence. Stanford: CSLI Publications.
  40. Elizabeth S. Anderson, F. R. Berger, David O. Brink, D. G. Brown, Amy Gutmann, Peter Railton, J. O. Urmson & Henry R. West (1997). Mill's Utilitarianism: Critical Essays. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  41. Peter Railton (1997). On the Hypothetical and Non-Hypothetical in Reasoning About Belief and Action. In Garrett Cullity & Berys Nigel Gaut (eds.), Ethics and Practical Reason. Oxford University Press. 53--79.
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  42. Peter Railton (1995). Subject‐Ive and Objective. Ratio 8 (3):259-276.
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  43. Peter Railton (1995). Made in the Shade: Moral Compatibilism and the Aims of Moral Theory. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (sup1):79-106.
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  44. Peter Railton (1994). Broadening the Base for Bringing Cognitive Psychology to Bear on Ethics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1):27.
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  45. Peter Railton (1994). Truth, Reason, and the Regulation of Belief. Philosophical Issues 5:71-93.
  46. Peter Railton (1993). Essentially General Predicates. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 18 (1):166-176.
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  47. Peter Railton (1993). Noncognitivism About Rationality: Benefits, Costs, and an Alternative. Philosophical Issues 4:36-51.
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  48. Peter Railton (1993). Reply to David Wiggins. In John Haldane & Crispin Wright (eds.), Reality, Representation, and Projection. Oxford University Press. 315--328.
     
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  49. Stephen Darwall, Allan Gibbard & Peter Railton (1992). Toward Fin de Siècle Ethics: Some Trends. Philosophical Review 101 (1):115-189.
  50. Peter Railton (1992). Nonfactualism About Normative Discourse. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (4):961 - 968.
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