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  1. Thomas Bøker Lund, Thorkild I. A. Sørensen, I. Anna S. Olsson, Axel Kornerup Hansen & Peter Sandøe (forthcoming). Is It Acceptable to Use Animals to Model Obese Humans? A Critical Discussion of Two Arguments Against the Use of Animals in Obesity Research. Journal of Medical Ethics:2011-100368.
    Animal use in medical research is widely accepted on the basis that it may help to save human lives and improve their quality of life. Recently, however, objections have been made specifically to the use of animals in scientific investigation of human obesity. This paper discusses two arguments for the view that this form of animal use, unlike some other forms of animal-based medical research, cannot be defended. The first argument leans heavily on the notion that people themselves are responsible (...)
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  2. Henrik Mielby, Peter Sandøe & Jesper Lassen (2013). Multiple Aspects of Unnaturalness: Are Cisgenic Crops Perceived as Being More Natural and More Acceptable Than Transgenic Crops? [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 30 (3):471-480.
    In Europe the use of genetically modified (GM) crops in food production has so far failed to gain wide public approval. Ordinary people are concerned about issues not covered by the existing regulation, including usefulness and unnaturalness. In response, particularly to worries about unnaturalness, biotechnologists have suggested that inserted genes should derive only from the plant itself, or from close relatives. This paper examines public perceptions of these so-called ‘cisgenic crops’ and asks whether the public shares the idea that they (...)
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  3. Gitte Meyer & Peter Sandøe (2012). Going Public: Good Scientific Conduct. Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (2):173-197.
    The paper addresses issues of scientific conduct regarding relations between science and the media, relations between scientists and journalists, and attitudes towards the public at large. In the large and increasing body of literature on scientific conduct and misconduct, these issues seem underexposed as ethical challenges. Consequently, individual scientists here tend to be left alone with problems and dilemmas, with no guidance for good conduct. Ideas are presented about how to make up for this omission. Using a practical, ethical approach, (...)
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  4. Thomas Boysen Anker, Peter Sandøe, Tanja Kamin & Klemens Kappel (2011). Health Branding Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 104 (1):33-45.
    Commercial food health branding is a challenging branch of marketing because it might, at the same time, promote healthy living and be commercially viable. However, the power to influence individuals’ health behavior and overall health status makes it crucial for marketing professionals to take into account the ethical dimensions of health branding: this article presents a conceptual analysis of potential ethical problems in health branding. The analysis focuses on ethical concerns related to the application of three health brand elements (functional (...)
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  5. Karsten Klint Jensen, Christian Gamborg & Peter Sandøe (2011). The Social Dimension of Pluralism: Democratic Procedures and Substantial Constraints. Ethics, Policy and Environment 14 (3):313 - 327.
    Ethics, Policy & Environment, Volume 14, Issue 3, Page 313-327, October 2011.
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  6. Karsten Jensen, Ellen-Marie Forsberg, Christian Gamborg, Kate Millar & Peter Sandøe (2011). Facilitating Ethical Reflection Among Scientists Using the Ethical Matrix. Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (3):425-445.
    Several studies have indicated that scientists are likely to have an outlook on both facts and values that are different to that of lay people in important ways. This is one significant reason it is currently believed that in order for scientists to exercise a reliable ethical reflection about their research it is necessary for them to engage in dialogue with other stakeholders. This paper reports on an exercise to encourage a group of scientists to reflect on ethical issues without (...)
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  7. Thomas Boysen Anker, Klemens Kappel & Peter Sandøe (2010). The Liberating Power of Commercial Marketing. Journal of Business Ethics 93 (4):519 - 530.
    The aim of this article is to explore the impact of commercial marketing on personal autonomy. Several philosophers argue that marketing conflicts with ideals of autonomy or, at best, is neutral to these ideals. After qualifying our concept of marketing and introducing the distinctions between (i) divergent and convergent marketing and (ii) being autonomous and acting autonomously, we demonstrate the heretofore unnoticed positive impact of marketing on autonomy. Specifically, we argue that (i) convergent marketing has a significant potential to reinforce (...)
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  8. Christian Gamborg, Bart Gremmen, Stine B. Christiansen & Peter Sandøe (2010). De-Domestication: Ethics at the Intersection of Landscape Restoration and Animal Welfare. Environmental Values 19 (1):57 - 78.
    De-domestication is the deliberate establishment of a population of domesticated animals or plants in the wild. In time, the population should be able to reproduce, becoming self-sustainable and incorporating 'wild' animals. Often de-domestication is part of a larger nature restoration scheme, aimed at creating landscapes anew, or re-creating former habitats . De-domestication is taken up in this paper because it both engages and raises questions about the major norms governing animals and nature. The debate here concerns whether animals undergoing de-domestication (...)
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  9. Anna Folker, Lotte Holm & Peter Sandøe (2009). 'We Have to Go Where the Money Is'—Dilemmas in the Role of Nutrition Scientists: An Interview Study. [REVIEW] Minerva 47 (2):217-236.
    In Western societies scientists are increasingly expected to seek media exposure and cooperate with industry. Little attention has been given to the way such expectations affect the role of scientific experts in society. To investigate scientists’ own perspectives on these issues eight exploratory, in-depth interviews were conducted in Denmark with reputable nutrition scientists. Additionally, eight interviews were held with ‘key informants’ from the field of nutrition policy. It was found that nutrition scientists experience two dilemmas: first, between their aspiration to (...)
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  10. Anna Paldam Folker, Hanne Andersen & Peter Sandøe (2008). Implicit Normativity in Scientific Advice: Values in Nutrition Scientists' Decisions to Give Public Advice. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 51 (2):199-206.
  11. Anna Paldam Folker & Peter Sandøe (2008). Leaping “Out of the Doubt”—Nutrition Advice: Values at Stake in Communicating Scientific Uncertainty to the Public. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 16 (2):176-191.
    This article deals with scientific advice to the public where the relevant science is subject to public attention and uncertainty of knowledge. It focuses on a tension in the management and presentation of scientific uncertainty between the uncertain nature of science and the expectation that scientific advisers will provide clear public guidance. In the first part of the paper the tension is illustrated by the presentation of results from a recent interview study with nutrition scientists in Denmark. According to the (...)
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  12. Annika Porsborg Nielsen, Jesper Lassen & Peter Sandøe (2007). Democracy at its Best? The Consensus Conference in a Cross-National Perspective. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (1):13-35.
    Over recent decades, public participation in technology assessment has spread internationally as an attempt to overcome or prevent societal conflicts over controversial technologies. One outcome of this new surge in public consultation initiatives has been the increased use of participatory consensus conferences in a number of countries. Existing evaluations of consensus conferences tend to focus on the modes of organization, as well as the outcomes, both procedural and substantial, of the conferences they examine. Such evaluations seem to rest on the (...)
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  13. I. Anna S. Olsson, Christian Gamborg & Peter Sandøe (2006). Taking Ethics Into Account in Farm Animal Breeding: What Can the Breeding Companies Achieve? [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (1):37-46.
    Animal welfare and the ethical issues it raises have been discussed intensively for a couple of decades. The emphasis has been on the direct effects of housing and husbandry, but more attention is now being given to problems originating in selective breeding. European attempts to adjust animal welfare legislation to deal with these problems have been largely unsuccessful, but the fact that selective breeding can introduce welfare problems continues to place an ethical responsibility on the animal breeding industry. Since breeding (...)
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  14. Gitte Meyer, Anna Paldam Folker, Rikke Bagger Jørgensen, Martin Krayer von Krauss, Peter Sandøe & Geir Tveit (2005). The Factualization of Uncertainty: Risk, Politics, and Genetically Modified Crops – a Case of Rape. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 22 (2):235-242.
    Mandatory risk assessment is intended to reassure concerned citizens and introduce reason into the heated European controversies on genetically modified crops and food. The authors, examining a case of risk assessment of genetically modified oilseed rape, claim that the new European legislation on risk assessment does nothing of the sort and is not likely to present an escape from the international deadlock on the use of genetic modification in agriculture and food production. The new legislation is likely to stimulate the (...)
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  15. Peter Sandøe (2005). Food Safety is Political. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (3):341-343.
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  16. Annika Porsborg Nielsen, Jesper Lassen & Peter Sandøe (2004). Involving the Public-Participatory Methods and Democratic Ideals. Global Bioethics 17:191-201.
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  17. Anna S. Olsson & Peter Sandøe (2004). Biotechnology and the Animal Issue. Global Bioethics 17:39-49.
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  18. Karsten Klint Jensen & Peter Sandøe (2002). Food Safety and Ethics: The Interplay Between Science and Values. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (3):245-253.
    The general public in Europe seems tohave lost its confidence in food safety. Theremedy for this, as proposed by the Commissionof the EU, is a scientific rearmament. Thequestion, however, is whether more science willbe able to overturn the public distrust.Present experience seems to suggest thecontrary, because there is widespread distrustin the science-based governmental controlsystems. The answer to this problem is thecreation of an independent scientificFood Authority. However, we argue thatindependent scientific advice alone is unlikelyto re-establish public confidence. It is muchmore (...)
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  19. Kathrine Hauge Madsen, Preben Bach Holm, Jesper Lassen & Peter Sandøe (2002). Ranking Genetically Modified Plants According to Familiarity. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (3):267-278.
    In public debate GMPs are oftenreferred to as being unnatural or a violationof nature. Some people have serious moralconcerns about departures from what is natural.Others are concerned about potential risks tothe environment arising from the combination ofhereditary material moving across naturalboundaries and the limits of scientificforesight of long-term consequences. To addresssome of these concerns we propose that anadditional element in risk assessment based onthe concept of familiarity should beintroduced. The objective is to facilitatetransparency about uncertainties inherent inthe risk assessment of (...)
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  20. Kathrine Hauge Madsen & Peter Sandøe (2001). Herbicide Resistant Sugar Beet – What is the Problem? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2):161-168.
    Risk assessment studies of herbicide resistant sugarbeet have revealed no risks to human health or the environment.Indeed it appears that commercial growth of this crop mightsecure benefits such as decreased pesticide use and increasedbiodiversity. However, widespread resistance to GM crops such asherbicide resistant sugar beet still persists in Europe. It isargued that this is not just because people do not know therelevant facts. Rather it is because popular resistance to GMfood is driven in part by concerns other than the fear (...)
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  21. Nils Holtug & Peter Sandøe (1996). Who Benefits?— Why Personal Identity Does Not Matter in a Moral Evaluation of Germ‐Line Gene Therapy. Journal of Applied Philosophy 13 (2):157-166.
  22. Klemens Kappel & Peter Sandøe (1994). Saving the Young Before the Old - a Reply to John Harris. Bioethics 8 (1):84–92.
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  23. Klemens Kappel & Peter Sandøe (1992). Qalys, Age and Fairness. Bioethics 6 (4):297–316.
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  24. Peter Sandøe (1992). The Perceptual Paradigm of Moral Epistemologi. Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 27:45-71.
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  25. Peter Sandøe (1989). Amoralism-on the Limits of Moral Thinking. Theoria 55 (3):191-204.
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  26. Peter Sandøe (1989). Douglas Seanor & N. Fotion (Eds.): Hare and Critics. Theoria 55 (3):211-224.
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  27. Peter Sandøe (1988). Secondary Qualities - Subjective and Intrinsic. Theoria 54 (3):200-219.
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