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Peter Simons [136]Peter M. Simons [35]
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Profile: Peter Simons (Trinity College Dublin)
  1. Peter Simons, A Golden Age in Science and Letters: The Lwów–Warsaw Philosophical School, 1895–1939.
    The University of Warsaw has a splendid modern library with 60,000 m 2 of floor space. It resembles a shopping centre. The long and elegant modern building on ulica Dobra (a typical Varsovian street-name), on the low ground between the old University and the Vistula, was opened in 1998 replacing the previous hopelessly inadequate facilities. It has an imposing sequence of copper-green “great texts” on its front side in Greek, Arabic, Sanskrit, Hebrew, Latin, Polish, music, and mathematics. These are international (...)
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  2. Peter Simons, A Most Remarkable Polish Philosopher.
    Unless you live in the world of theatre or film or politics or sport, you rarely get to meet people whom you can truly describe as “larger than life”. Academia has more than its fair share of boring people: being clever does not mean being interesting. But one academic I met on several occasions before he died was definitely larger than life, and he was Polish. He was Father Józef Maria Bocheński.
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  3. Peter Simons, There Are Two Means of Refuge From the Miseries of Life: Music and Cats.
    alone, in a reclining posture in his drawing-room. He was lean, ghastly, and quite of an earthy appearance. … He was quite different from the plump figure which he used to present … He seemed to be placid and even cheerful … He said he was just approaching to his end … I had a strong curiosity to be satisfied if he persisted in disbelieving a future state even when he had death before his eyes. I was persuaded from what (...)
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  4. Peter Simons, Wittgenstein on Surprise in Mathematics.
    Compulsion and Surprise Two phenomena conspire to convince people that the physical world exists independently of them. One is its recalcitrance, or insusceptibility to control. It resists and constrains our actions. Much as we might wish to do so, we cannot lift heavy boulders, walk through walls, jump rivers, breathe under water, or fly (unaided) over mountains. The other feature, which is connected to the first, is the world’s propensity to surprise us. The sights and sound, pressures and pains of (...)
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  5. Yu Lin & Peter Simons, Dna Sequences From Below: A Nominalist Approach.
    We define DNA sequence by a bottom-up approach, starting with a real sequence from an actual biological sample. By providing axioms for notions of string, substring and strand, we formally define a DNA sequence, and a DNA molecule as composed of two antiparallel strands. We note that a sequence is a kind of group in which each member stands a certain relation to every other. The spatial aspects of a DNA sequence are also described.
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  6. Peter Simons, Faces, Boundaries, and Thin Layers.
    We only need to think for a moment about surfaces and other interfaces to realise their enormous importance in everydaylife. There are numerous branches of physics, chemistry, biology, and materials science concerned wholly or largely with surfaces, and one sometimes comes across the expression ‘surface science’ Among the natural phenomena connected with surfaces which have aroused scientific interest are surface tension, surface waves, photoelectric emission, reflection, refraction, evaporation, adsorption, adhesion, thin films, detergents, catalysts, cell membranes, skin. All of these phenomena (...)
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  7. Peter Simons, Metaphysics: Contemporary Themes.
    Confounding earlier predictions of naysayers and sceptics, by the beginning of the twenty-first century, metaphysics had re-emerged for the first time in decades as a vital, progressive and exciting branch of philosophy. Although the most strident criticisms came from early analytic philosophers such as Carnap, it is analytical metaphysics that has led the way. But rather than trace the stages of the revival of metaphysics, we consider a spread of contemporary themes which have been especially fruitful in expanding the circle (...)
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  8. Peter Simons, Why God Does Not Exist.
    Before arguing for the nonexistence of God let me say what kind of God I am denying. It is a God as broadly conceived in the Mosaic monotheistic tradition of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, as supreme being. This God has two chief characteristics: supreme power and supreme goodness. As powerful, God is the agency responsible for creating and/or sustaining the world. As good, God is the source and supreme exemplar of positive value or goodness. It follows that as a good (...)
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  9. Peter Simons, Are All Essential Parts Analytically Essential ?
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  10. Peter Simons (2013). Alfred North Whitehead's Process and Reality. Topoi:1-9.
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  11. Peter Simons (2013). Brentano, Franz. In H. Lafollette (ed.), International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley.
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  12. Peter Simons (2013). Continuant Causation, Fundamentality, and Freedom. In Sophie C. Gibb & Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson (eds.), Mental Causation and Ontology. Oxford University Press.
     
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  13. Peter Simons (2013). Fundamentality, and Freedom. In Sophie C. Gibb & Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson (eds.), Mental Causation and Ontology. Oxford University Press. 233.
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  14. Peter Simons (2013). Vague Kinds and Biological Nominalism. Metaphysica 14 (2):275-282.
    Among biological kinds, the most important are species. But species, however defined, have vague boundaries, both synchronically owing to hybridization and ongoing speciation, and diachronically owing to genetic drift and genealogical continuity despite speciation. It is argued that the solution to the problems of species and their vague boundaries is to adopt a thoroughgoing nominalism in regard to all biological taxa, from species to domains. The base entities are individual organisms: populations of these compose species and higher taxa. This accommodates (...)
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  15. Peter Simons (2012). Abstraktion ohne abstrakte Gegenstande. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 66 (1):114-129.
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  16. Peter Simons (2012). Approaching the Alethic Modal Hexagon of Opposition. Logica Universalis 6 (1-2):109-118.
    Modal logic like many others sustains a hexagon of opposition, with the two “additional” vertices expressing contingency and non-contingency. We first illustrate hexagons of opposition generally by treating them as cut-down entailment lattices with order distinctions among multiple arguments suppressed. We then approach the modal case by treating it heuristically as a particular case of the hexagon for quantified propositions. Historically, possibility and contingency were sometimes confused: we show using the notion of duality that contingency, as negation-symmetric, is logically less (...)
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  17. Peter Simons (2012). To Be and/or Not to Be. In Lila Haaparanta & Heikki Koskinen (eds.), Categories of Being: Essays on Metaphysics and Logic. Oxford University Press, Usa. 241.
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  18. Peter Simons (2012). To Be and/or Not to Be the Objects of Meinong and Husserl. In Lila Haaparanta & Heikki Koskinen (eds.), Categories of Being: Essays on Metaphysics and Logic. Oxford University Press, Usa. 241.
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  19. Marilynne Robinson, Dennis Sobolev, Paul Symington, Jorge Je Gracia, Jonathan Lowe, Peter Simons, Erwin Tegtmeier Frankfurt, Keith Ward, Grand Rapids & John F. Wippel (2011). American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 522. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 85 (3).
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  20. Peter Simons (2011). Cognitive Operations and the Multifarious Reifications of the Unreal. Grazer Philosophische Studien 82 (1):241-254.
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  21. Peter Simons (2010). Leibniz, Whitehead and the Metaphysics of Causation. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (1):175-177.
  22. Peter Simons (2010). Relations and Truthmaking. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 84 (1):199-213.
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  23. Peter Simons (2010). Supernumeration: Vagueness and Numbers. In Richard Dietz & Sebastiano Moruzzi (eds.), Cuts and Clouds: Vaguenesss, its Nature and its Logic. Oup Oxford.
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  24. Peter Simons (2009). Coincidence and Kite-Flying. Metascience 18 (1):151-154.
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  25. Peter Simons (2009). Erratum To: Coincidence and Kite-Flying. [REVIEW] Metascience 18 (3):353-353.
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  26. Peter Simons (2009). Introduction to Part I: MJillennia of Metaphysics. In Robin Le Poidevin (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Metaphysics. Routledge. 3.
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  27. Peter Simons (2009). Ontic Generation: Getting Everything From the Basics. In. In Hieke Alexander & Leitgeb Hannes (eds.), Reduction, Abstraction, Analysis. Ontos Verlag. 11--137.
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  28. Peter Simons (2009). Twardowski On Truth. The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 4 (1).
    Of those students of Franz Brentano who went on to become professional philo­sophers, Kazimierz Twardowski (1866-1938) is much less well-known than his older contemporaries Edmund Husserl and Alexius Meinong. Yet in terms of the importance of his contribution to the history of philosophy, he ranks among Brentano’s students behind at most those two, possibly only behind Husserl. The chief contribution of Twardowski to global philosophy came indirectly, through the influence of his theory of truth on his students, and they on (...)
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  29. Peter Simons (2009). Vectors and Beyond: Geometric Algebra and its Philosophical Significance. Dialectica 63 (4):381-395.
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  30. Peter Simons (2009). Whitehead : Process and Cosmology. In Robin Le Poidevin (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Metaphysics. Routledge.
     
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  31. Peter Simons (2009). Ontology Meets Ontologies: Philosophers as Healers. [REVIEW] Metascience 18 (3):469-473.
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  32. Peter M. Simons (2009). Leśniewski's Logic. In Dov Gabbay (ed.), The Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier. 5--305.
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  33. Peter Simons (2008). Modes of Extension: Comments on Kit Fine's 'in Defence of Three-Dimensionalism'. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 83 (62):17-21.
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  34. Peter Simons, Stanisław Leśniewski. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  35. Peter Simons (2008). Truth on a Tight Budget: Tarski and Nominalism. In Douglas Patterson (ed.), New Essays on Tarski and Philosophy. Oup Oxford.
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  36. Peter Simons (2008). The Thread of Persistence. In Christian Kanzian (ed.), Persistence. Ontos. 165--84.
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  37. Peter Simons (2008). Why the Negations of False Atomic Propositions Are True. Acta Philosophica Fennica 84:15.
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  38. Peter Simons (2008). Why the Negations of False Atomic Sentences Are True. Essays on Armstrong. Acta Philosophica Fennica 84:15 - 36.
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  39. Peter Simons (2008). Zugang zum Idealen: Spezies und Abstraktion (Ⅱ. Logische Untersuchung, §§ 1-12). In Verena Mayer (ed.), Edmund Husserl: Logische Untersuchungen.
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  40. Peter Simons (2007). Abstraction, Structure, and Substitution. Polish Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):81-100.
    λ-calculi are of interest to logicians and computer scientists but have largely escaped philosophical commentary, perhaps because they appear narrowly technical or uncontroversial or both. I argue that even within logic λ-expressions need to be understood correctly, as functors signifying functions in intension within a categorical or typed language. λ-expressions are not names but pure viable binders generating functors, and as such they are of use in giving explicit definitions. But λ is applicable outside logic and computer science, anywhere where (...)
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  41. Peter Simons (2007). Bewildered? You Will Be. The Philosophers' Magazine 39 (39):65-68.
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  42. Peter Simons (2007). Truth in Virtue of Meaning. In Jean-Maurice Monnoyer (ed.), Metaphysics and Truthmakers. Ontos Verlag. 18--67.
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  43. Peter Simons (2007). The Price of Positivity: Mumford and Negatives. In Jean-Maurice Monnoyer (ed.), Metaphysics and Truthmakers. Ontos Verlag. 18--331.
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  44. Peter Simons (2007). What Numbers Really Are. In R. E. Auxier & L. E. Hahn (eds.), The Philosophy of Michael Dummett. Open Court. 229--247.
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  45. Peter Simons & Barry Smith (2007). Truth-Maker. In Jean-Maurice Monnoyer (ed.), Metaphysics and Truthmakers. Ontos Verlag. 18--9.
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  46. Kevin Mulligan, Peter Simons & Barry Smith (2006). What's Wrong with Contemporary Philosophy? Topoi 25 (1-2):63-67.
    Philosophy in the West divides into three parts: Analytic Philosophy (AP), Continental Philosophy (CP), and History of Philosophy (HP). But all three parts are in a bad way. AP is sceptical about the claim that philosophy can be a science, and hence is uninterested in the real world. CP is never pursued in a properly theoretical way, and its practice is tailor-made for particular political and ethical conclusions. HP is mostly developed on a regionalist basis: what is studied is determined (...)
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  47. Peter Simons (2006). Austrians on Truth. In Markus Textor (ed.), The Austrian Contribution to Analytic Philosophy. Routledge.
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  48. Peter Simons (2006). 6 Austrian Philosophers on Truth. In Markus Textor (ed.), The Austrian Contribution to Analytic Philosophy. Routledge. 1--159.
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  49. Peter Simons (2006). Criticism, Renewal and Future of Metaphysics. Richmond Journal of Philosophy 6:6-13.
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  50. Peter Simons (2006). Languages with Variable-Binding Operators: Categorial Syntax and Combinatorial Semantics. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 89:239.
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