Search results for 'Peter Singer Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek & Peter Singer (2014). The Point of View of the Universe: Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics. Oxford University Press Uk.
    What does the idea of taking 'the point of view of the universe' tell us about ethics? The great nineteenth-century utilitarian Henry Sidgwick used this metaphor to present what he took to be a self-evident moral truth: the good of one individual is of no more importance than the good of any other. Ethical judgments, he held, are objective truths that we can know by reason. The ethical axioms he took to be self-evident provide a foundation for utilitarianism. He supplements (...)
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  2. Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek & Peter Singer (2014). The Point of View of the Universe: Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics. OUP Oxford.
    What does the idea of taking 'the point of view of the universe' tell us about ethics? Lazari-Radek and Singer defend objectivism in ethics, and hedonistic utilitarianism, following Henry Sidgwick's lead. They explore how to justify an ethical theory; conflicts of self-interest and universal benevolence; and whether we should discount the future.
     
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  3. Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek & Peter Singer (2016). The Point of View of the Universe: Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics. Oxford University Press Uk.
    What does the idea of taking 'the point of view of the universe' tell us about ethics? Lazari-Radek and Singer defend objectivism in ethics, and hedonistic utilitarianism, following Henry Sidgwick's lead. They explore how to justify an ethical theory; conflicts of self-interest and universal benevolence; and whether we should discount the future.
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  4.  68
    Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek & Peter Singer (2012). The Objectivity of Ethics and the Unity of Practical Reason. Ethics 123 (1):9-31.
    Evolutionary accounts of the origins of human morality may lead us to doubt the truth of our moral judgments. Sidgwick tried to vindicate ethics from this kind of external attack. However, he ended The Methods in despair over another problem—an apparent conflict between rational egoism and universal benevolence, which he called the “dualism of practical reason.” Drawing on Sidgwick, we show that one way of defending objectivity in ethics against Sharon Street’s recent evolutionary critique also puts us in a position (...)
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  5. Peter Singer & Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek (2010). Secrecy in Consequentialism: A Defence of Esoteric Morality. Ratio 23 (1):34-58.
    Sidgwick's defence of esoteric morality has been heavily criticized, for example in Bernard Williams's condemnation of it as 'Government House utilitarianism.' It is also at odds with the idea of morality defended by Kant, Rawls, Bernard Gert, Brad Hooker, and T.M. Scanlon. Yet it does seem to be an implication of consequentialism that it is sometimes right to do in secret what it would not be right to do openly, or to advocate publicly. We defend Sidgwick on this issue, and (...)
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  6.  58
    Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek & Peter Singer (2010). Secrecy in Consequentialism: A Defence of Esoteric Morality. Ratio 23 (1):34-58.
    Sidgwick's defence of esoteric morality has been heavily criticized, for example in Bernard Williams's condemnation of it as 'Government House utilitarianism.' It is also at odds with the idea of morality defended by Kant, Rawls, Bernard Gert, Brad Hooker, and T.M. Scanlon. Yet it does seem to be an implication of consequentialism that it is sometimes right to do in secret what it would not be right to do openly, or to advocate publicly. We defend Sidgwick on this issue, and (...)
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  7. Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek & Peter Singer (2013). Konsekwencjalizm i tajemnica: obrona ezoterycznej moralności. Analiza I Egzystencja 22:5-32.
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  8. Henry S. Richardson, Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek, Peter Singer, Karen Jones, Sergio Tenenbaum, Diana Raffman, Simon Căbulea May, Stephen C. Makin & Nancy E. Snow (2012). 10. Douglas Portmore, Commonsense Consequentialism: Wherein Morality Meets Rationality Douglas Portmore, Commonsense Consequentialism: Wherein Morality Meets Rationality (Pp. 179-183). [REVIEW] Ethics 123 (1).
     
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  9.  4
    David Phillips (forthcoming). The Point of View of the Universe, by Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer. Mind:fzv108.
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  10.  53
    Brad Hooker (2010). Publicity in Morality: A Reply to Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer. Ratio 23 (1):111-117.
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  11.  8
    Ole Martin Moen (2015). Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer, The Point of View of the Universe: Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics , Pp. Xvi + 403. Utilitas 27 (1):115-117.
  12.  1
    Eric Mathison (forthcoming). The Point of View of the Universe: Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014; 352 Pp.; $63.00. [REVIEW] Dialogue:1-3.
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  13.  33
    Peter Singer (2008). Interview - Peter Singer. The Philosophers' Magazine 40 (40):59-60.
    Peter Singer is probably the best-known and most controversial ethicist in the world today. He rigorously applies utilitarian moral theory to issues such as world poverty, the environment, abortion, euthanasia and, most famously, animal welfare. He has also written a book about his grandfather, David Oppenheim, who died in Theresienstadt concentration camp. He is Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University.
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  14. Peter Singer, Ethics and the New Animal Liberation Movement by in Peter Singer (Ed), in Defense of Animals New York: Basil Blackwell, 1985, Pp. 1-10. [REVIEW]
    Acrobat version This book In Defense of Animals ] provides a platform for the new animal liberation movement. A diverse group of people share this platform: university philosophers, a zoologist, a lawyer, militant activists who are ready to break the law to further their cause, and respected political lobbyists who are entirely at home in parliamentary offices. Their common ground is that they are all, in their very different ways, taking part in the struggle for animal liberation. This struggle is (...)
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  15.  30
    Peter Singer (1992). A German Attack on Applied Ethics [1]: A Statement by Peter Singer. Journal of Applied Philosophy 9 (1):85-91.
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  16.  24
    Peter Singer, Questions for Peter Singer.
    You don't say much about who you are teaching, or what subject you teach, but you do seem to see a need to justify what you are doing. Perhaps you're teaching underprivileged children, opening their minds to possibilities that might otherwise never have occurred to them. Or maybe you're teaching the children of affluent families and opening their eyes to the big moral issues they will face in life — like global poverty, and climate change. If you're doing something like (...)
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  17.  48
    Peter Singer, Questions for Peter Singer The New York Times Magazine , December 24, 2006.
    You don't say much about who you are teaching, or what subject you teach, but you do seem to see a need to justify what you are doing. Perhaps you're teaching underprivileged children, opening their minds to possibilities that might otherwise never have occurred to them. Or maybe you're teaching the children of affluent families and opening their eyes to the big moral issues they will face in life — like global poverty, and climate change. If you're doing something like (...)
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  18.  10
    Peter Singer (2010). 19 Speciesism and Moral Status Peter Singer. In Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson (eds.), Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell 331.
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  19. Peter Singer & Serendipity Productions (2003). Peter Singer a Dangerous Mind. Serendipity Productions, Film Finance Corporation Australia.
     
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  20. Peter Singer & Mark Lawson (2004). Peter Singer Talks to Mark Lawson. Newsnight for Bbc.
     
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  21. Madsen Peter (2004). Peter Singer on Global Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (1).
     
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  22. Peter Singer, The Pursuit of Happiness, Interviewed by Ronald Bailey.
    The New Yorker calls him "the most influential living philosopher." His critics call him "the most dangerous man in the world." Peter Singer, the De Camp Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University's Center for Human Values, is most widely and controversially known for his view that animals have the same moral status as humans. He is the author of many books, including Practical Ethics (1979), Rethinking Life and Death (1995), and Animal Liberation (1975), which has sold more than (...)
     
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  23.  3
    Peter Singer (2002). De compras por el supermercado genético. Isegoría 27:19-40.
    ¿Estamos eliminando una cultura, la de los sordos, cuando tratamos de evitar que nazcan niños sordos? El aborto terapéutico, ¿significa que, por ejemplo, creemos que las vidas de los afectados por síndrome de Down son vidas de menor valor que las vidas “normales”? Si se permitiera la manipulación genética de los embriones ¿sería poco ético encargar hijos guapos y altos? Este artículo no aporta respuestas a estas preguntas, pero sí que plantea los términos para dar cuenta de ellas y eleva (...)
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  24.  55
    Guy Kahane (2014). Evolution and Impartiality. Ethics 124 (2):327-341.
    Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer argue that evolutionary considerations can resolve Sidgwick’s dualism of practical reason because such considerations debunk moral views that give weight to self-interested or partial considerations but cannot threaten the principle of universal benevolence. I argue that even if we grant these claims, this appeal to evolution is ultimately self-defeating. De Lazari-Radek and Singer face a dilemma. Either their evolutionary argument against partial morality succeeds, but then we need (...)
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  25.  3
    Peter Singer & Paula Casal (2000). El "Proyecto Gran Simio" y el concepto de persona. Laguna 7:333-347.
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  26.  3
    Peter Singer (1999). Ética más allá de los límites de la especie. Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):5-16.
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  27.  2
    Peter Singer (2006). Uma só nação de justiça e oportunidades. Critica.
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  28.  1
    Peter Singer (2006). Como havemos de viver? Critica.
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  29. Paula Casal & Peter Singer (2001). ¿la Ética Más Allá De La Especie? En Defensa Del >: Grandes simios, personas y animales. Respuesta a los críticos. Laguna 8.
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  30. Peter Singer & Karen Dawson (1997). La tecnología de la fecundación in vitro y el argumento del potencial. Análisis Filosófico 17 (2):171-188.
    The authors focus on IVF technology to raise profound and disturbing questions about potentiality in the context of ex utero embryo. They explore different meanings of such notion. They suggest that the notion of potential is relatively clear in the context of naturally occuring process of pregnancy. But a laboratory embryo follows no “natural course”. It cannot become a person without the deliberate human act to transferring it to a uterus. They also connect the notion of potential with that of (...)
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  31.  18
    Peter Singer (ed.) (2013). In Defense of Animals. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Bringing together new essays by philosophers and activists, _In Defense of Animals: The Second Wave_ highlights the new challenges facing the animal rights movement. Exciting new collection edited by controversial philosopher Peter Singer, who made animal rights into an international concern when he first published _In Defence of Animals_ and _Animal Liberation_ over thirty years ago Essays explore new ways of measuring animal suffering, reassess the question of personhood, and draw highlight tales of effective advocacy Lays out “Ten (...)
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  32. Peter Singer (1993). Practical Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
    Peter Singer's remarkably clear and comprehensive Practical Ethics has become a classic introduction to applied ethics since its publication in 1979 and has been translated into many languages. For this second edition the author has revised all the existing chapters, added two new ones, and updated the bibliography. He has also added an appendix describing some of the deep misunderstanding of and consequent violent reaction to the book in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland where the book has tested the (...)
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  33. Peter Singer (2015). Practical Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
    Peter Singer's remarkably clear and comprehensive Practical Ethics has become a classic introduction to applied ethics since its publication in 1979 and has been translated into many languages. For this second edition the author has revised all the existing chapters, added two new ones, and updated the bibliography. He has also added an appendix describing some of the deep misunderstanding of and consequent violent reaction to the book in Germany, Austria and Switzerland where the book has tested the (...)
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  34.  13
    Andrew Huddleston, Nietzsche and the Hope of Normative Convergence.
    Book synopsis: The first full and sustained discussion of Parfit's views on objectivity in ethics Leading philosophers respond to Parfit's criticisms and advance our understanding of the arguments An essential companion volume to Parfit's On What Matters, Volume Three In the first two volumes of On What Matters Derek Parfit argues that there are objective moral truths, and other normative truths about what we have reasons to believe, and to want, and to do. He thus challenges a view of the (...)
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  35.  3
    Félix Aubé Beaudoin (2015). La réponse naturelle : une solution inadéquate au dilemme darwinien. Philosophiques 42 (1):131-151.
    Félix Aubé Beaudoin | : Le dilemme darwinien, formulé par Sharon Street, somme les réalistes moraux d’expliquer pourquoi de nombreux jugements qui sont des candidats au statut de vérités morales indépendantes sont aussi ceux qui ont une grande valeur sélective. Les réalistes peuvent soit nier, soit affirmer l’existence d’un lien entre pressions évolutionnistes et vérités morales. Selon Street, la première option mène au scepticisme tandis que la seconde est indéfendable sur le plan scientifique. Peter Singer et (...) de Lazari-Radek optent pour la première branche de ce dilemme. Dans cet article, la stratégie argumentative qu’ils adoptent — la réponse naturelle — sera soumise à un examen critique. Deux objections seront formulées. La première est d’ordre épistémologique : l’intuitionnisme philosophique défendu par les auteurs fait face à des difficultés majeures. La seconde, plus fondamentale, est que leur solution ne permet pas d’expliquer autrement que par un heureux hasard l’alignement entre les vérités morales et les jugements ayant une valeur sélective. | : According to Sharon Street’s Darwinian Dilemma, moral realists must explain why many judgments that are likely to be independent moral truths are those it would be evolutionarily adaptive to hold. Realists can either deny or assert the existence of a relation between evolutionary influences and moral truths. The first option leads to skepticism, while the second is unacceptable on scientific grounds, says Street. Peter Singer and Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek take the first horn of this dilemma. In this article, the argumentative strategy they adopt — the Natural Reply - is submitted to critical scrutiny. Two objections are raised. The first objection is epistemological : philosophical intuitionism, as defended by the authors, is an untenable position. The second objection is that their solution must appeal to unlikely coincidences to account for the overlap between independent moral truths and evolutionarily adaptive attitudes. (shrink)
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  36. Brad Hooker, Discussion.
    The ‘publicity requirement on moral rules’ refers to the idea that moral rules must be suitable for public acknowledgement and acceptance. The idea is that moral rules must be suitable for being ‘widely known and explicitly recognized’, suitable for teaching as part of moral education, suitable for guiding behaviour and reactions to behaviour, and thus suitable for justifying one’s behaviour to others. The publicity requirement is now most often associated with John Rawls, who traces it back through Kurt Baier to (...)
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  37. Brad Hooker, Publicity in Morality.
    Consider the idea that moral rules must be suitable for public acknowledgement and acceptance, i.e., that moral rules must be suitable for being ‘widely known and explicitly recognized’, suitable for teaching as part of moral education, suitable for guiding behaviour and reactions to behaviour, and thus suitable for justifying one’s behaviour to others. This idea is now most often associated with John Rawls, who traces it back through Kurt Baier to Kant.[1] My book developing ruleconsequentialism, Ideal Code, Real World, accepted (...)
     
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  38.  30
    Peter Singer (2002). One World: The Ethics of Globalization. Yale University Press.
    In a new preface, Peter Singer discusses the prospects for the ethical approach he advocates."--BOOK JACKET.
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  39.  9
    Peter Singer (1990). The'Singer-Affair'and Practical Ethics: A Response. Analyse & Kritik 12 (2):245-264.
    This response to the articles in this issue of ,ANALYSE & KRITIK, begins with some general remarks on the ,Singer-Affair, in which I suggest that while the rational discussion of the ethical issue of euthanasia poses no threat of a return to Nazism, there is a real danger in the creation of a climate in which people are ready to use force to suppress ideas with which they disagree. I then state and criticise two popular theses about the wrongness (...)
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  40.  20
    Yew-Kwang Ng & Peter Singer (1983). Ng and Singer on Utilitarianism: A Reply. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 13 (2):241 - 242.
    Ng and singer derive the principle of utility from the fact of finite sensibility and another principle, weak majority preference: "for a community of n individuals choosing between two possibilities, x and y, if no individual prefers y to x, and at least n/2 individuals prefer x to y, then x increases social welfare and is preferable." this derivation is regarded as incorrect in a comment. this reply explains why the derivation is valid and shows that the comment is (...)
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  41.  27
    Jerome L. Singer, Jefferson A. Singer & Peter Salovey (eds.) (1999). At Play in the Fields of Consciousness: Essays in Honor of Jerome L. Singer. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    This collection of articles pays homage to the creativity and scientific rigor Jerome Singer has brought to the study of consciousness and play. It will interest personality, social, clinical and developmental psychologists alike.
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  42.  11
    Peter Singer (2009). The Life You Can Save: Acting Now to Stop World Poverty. Random House.
    Acting Now to End World Poverty Peter Singer. were our own, and we cannot deny that the suffering and death are bad. The second premise is also very difficult to reject, because it leaves us some wiggle room when it comes to situations in.
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  43.  55
    Peter Singer, The Singer Solution to World Poverty.
    In the Brazilian film "Central Station," Dora is a retired schoolteacher who makes ends meet by sitting at the station writing letters for illiterate people. Suddenly she has an opportunity to pocket $1,000. All she has to do is persuade a homeless 9-year-old boy to follow her to an address she has been given. (She is told he will be adopted by wealthy foreigners.) She delivers the boy, gets the money, spends some of it on a television set and settles (...)
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  44.  85
    Peter Singer (1979). Regan's Critique of Singer. Analysis 39 (3):118 - 119.
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  45.  59
    Peter Singer, The Singer Solution to World Poverty the New York Times Magazine , September 5, 1999, Pp. 60-63.
    In the Brazilian film "Central Station," Dora is a retired schoolteacher who makes ends meet by sitting at the station writing letters for illiterate people. Suddenly she has an opportunity to pocket $1,000. All she has to do is persuade a homeless 9-year-old boy to follow her to an address she has been given. (She is told he will be adopted by wealthy foreigners.) She delivers the boy, gets the money, spends some of it on a television set and settles (...)
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  46.  12
    Peter Singer, Kenan Malik & Janet Radcliffe Richards (2006). Debating Singer. The Philosophers' Magazine 36:72-75.
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  47. Peter Singer (2002). More Than Charity: Cosmopolitan Alternatives to the" Singer Solution” Reply. Ethics and International Affairs 16 (1).
     
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  48. Peter Singer (2015). The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically. Yale University Press.
    Peter Singer’s books and ideas have been disturbing our complacency ever since the appearance of _Animal Liberation_. Now he directs our attention to a new movement in which his own ideas have played a crucial role: effective altruism. Effective altruism is built upon the simple but profound idea that living a fully ethical life involves doing the "most good you can do." Such a life requires an unsentimental view of charitable giving: to be a worthy recipient of our (...)
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  49.  12
    José L. Tasset (2013). Razones para una buena muerte (La justificación de la eutanasia en la tradición utilitarista: De David Hume a Peter Singer). Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 18 (1-2):153-195.
    There are good moral reasons to support euthanasia, and these reasons are fundamentally of a utilitarian root. There are few moral reasons to oppose euthanasia in its strict sense, and they are clearly outweighed by the reasons argumented from a utilitarian perspective. Such teleological and consequentialist good reasons were originally advanced by David Hume in his brief and brilliant essay "Of Suicide" (1757), the true source for current Bioethics. Hume's arguments have been expanded in scope by some contemporary utilitarians, especially (...)
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  50. Peter Singer & Renata Singer (eds.) (2005). The Moral of the Story: An Anthology of Ethics Through Literature. Wiley-Blackwell.
    In _The Moral of the Story, _Peter and Renata Singer draw on some of the best works of fiction, playwriting, and poetry in order to shed light on the perennial questions of ethics. A vivid montage of literature that touches on a broad range of ethical subjects and themes Offers a unique contribution to the study of moral philosophy and literature Demonstrates how literary sources can add richness to discussions of real-life moral questions and dilemmas Brings together selections and (...)
     
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