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  1. Peter J. Taylor (2012). A Gene-Free Formulation of Classical Quantitative Genetics Used to Examine Results and Interpretations Under Three Standard Assumptions. Acta Biotheoretica 60 (4):357-378.
    Quantitative genetics (QG) analyses variation in traits of humans, other animals, or plants in ways that take account of the genealogical relatedness of the individuals whose traits are observed. “Classical” QG, where the analysis of variation does not involve data on measurable genetic or environmental entities or factors, is reformulated in this article using models that are free of hypothetical, idealized versions of such factors, while still allowing for defined degrees of relatedness among kinds of individuals or “varieties.” The gene (...)
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  2. Peter Taylor (2011). Rehabilitating a Biological Notion of Race? A Response to Sesardic. Biology and Philosophy 26 (3):469-473.
    The point Sesardic (Biol Philos 25: 143–162, 2010) makes about the possibility of distinguishing groups for which there is a lot of within-group variation is not sufficient to rehabilitate a biological concept of race. In this note, I sketch a number of issues that quickly arise once we delve more deeply into the relevant scientific knowledge, concepts, methods, and questions for inquiry.
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  3. Peter Taylor (2010). Three Puzzles and Eight Gaps: What Heritability Studies and Critical Commentaries Have Not Paid Enough Attention To. Biology and Philosophy 25 (1):1-31.
    This article examines eight “gaps” in order to clarify why the quantitative genetics methods of partitioning variation of a trait into heritability and other components has very limited power to show anything clear and useful about genetic and environmental influences, especially for human behaviors and other traits. The first two gaps should be kept open; the others should be bridged or the difficulty of doing so should be acknowledged: 1. Key terms have multiple meanings that are distinct; 2. Statistical patterns (...)
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  4. Peter Taylor (2009). Perspectives From Plant Breeding on Tal's Argument About the Weight of Genetic Versus environmenTal Causes for Individuals. Biology and Philosophy 24 (5):735-738.
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  5. Peter J. Taylor (2009). Nothing Reliable About Genes or Environment: New Perspectives on Analysis of Similarity Among Relatives in Light of the Possibility of Underlying Heterogeneity. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 40 (3):210-220.
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  6. Peter Taylor (2008). Underlying Heterogeneity: A Problem for Biological, Philosophical, and Other Analyses of Heritability? Biology and Philosophy 23 (4):587-589.
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  7. Peter J. Taylor (2008). The Under-Recognized Implications of Heterogeneity: Opportunities for Fresh Views on Scientific, Philosophical, and Social Debates About Heritability. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 30 (3/4):431 - 456.
    Despite a long history of debates about the heritability of human traits by researchers and other critical commentators, the possible heterogeneity of genetic and environmental factors that underlie patterns in observed traits has not been recognized as a significant conceptual and methodological issue. This article is structured to stimulate a wide range of readers to pursue diverse implications of underlying heterogeneity and of its absence from previous debates. Section 1, a condensed critique of previous conceptualizations and interpretations of heritability studies, (...)
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  8. Peter J. Taylor, Michael Hoyler & David M. Evans (2008). A Geohistorical Study of 'The Rise of Modern Science': Mapping Scientific Practice Through Urban Networks, 1500–1900. [REVIEW] Minerva 46 (4):391-410.
    Using data on the ‘career’ paths of one thousand ‘leading scientists’ from 1450 to 1900, what is conventionally called the ‘rise of modern science’ is mapped as a changing geography of scientific practice in urban networks. Four distinctive networks of scientific practice are identified. A primate network centred on Padua and central and northern Italy in the sixteenth century expands across the Alps to become a polycentric network in the seventeenth century, which in turn dissipates into a weak polycentric network (...)
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  9. Peter Taylor (2007). Reconstructing Unruly Ecological Complexity: Science, Interpretation, And. In Boaventura de Sousa Santos (ed.), Cognitive Justice in a Global World: Prudent Knowledges for a Decent Life. Lexington Books. 295.
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  10. Peter J. Taylor (2007). The Unreliability of High Human Heritability Estimates and Small Shared Effects of Growing Up in the Same Family. Biological Theory 2 (4):387-397.
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  11. Peter Taylor (2006). Heritability and Heterogeneity: The Limited Relevance of Heritability in Investigating Genetic and Environmental Factors. Biological Theory 1 (2):150-164.
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  12. Peter Taylor (2006). Heritability and Heterogeneity: The Irrelevance of Heritability in Explaining Differences Between Means for Different Human Groups or Generations. Biological Theory 1 (4):392-401.
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  13. Peter Taylor (2006). Online Appendix 3:" The Analysis of Variance and the Analysis of Causes" Revisited. Biological Theory 2:150-164.
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  14. Peter Taylor (2006). Online Appendix 1: Analyses of Data Sets to Illustrate the Paper's Conceptual Steps and Themes. Biological Theory 2:150-164.
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  15. Peter J. Taylor (2005). Unruly Complexity: Ecology, Interpretation, Engagement. University of Chicago Press.
    Ambitiously identifying fresh issues in the study of complex systems, Peter J. Taylor, in a model of interdisciplinary exploration, makes these concerns accessible to scholars in the fields of ecology, environmental science, and science studies. Unruly Complexity explores concepts used to deal with complexity in three realms: ecology and socio-environmental change; the collective constitution of knowledge; and the interpretations of science as they influence subsequent research. For each realm Taylor shows that unruly complexity-situations that lack definite boundaries, where what (...)
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  16. Peter J. Taylor (2003). Review of Robert Figueroa, Sandra Harding (Eds.), Science and Other Cultures: Issues in Philosophy of Science and Technology. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (10).
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  17. Yrjö Haila & Peter Taylor (2001). The Philosophical Dullness of Classical Ecology, and a Levinsian Alternative. Biology and Philosophy 16 (1):93-102.
    Ecology has had a lower profile in Biology & Philosophy than one might expect on the basis of the attention ecology is given in public discussions in relation to environmental issues. Our tentative explanation is that ecology appears theoretically redundant within biology and, consequently, philosophically challenging problemsrelated to biology are commonly supposed to be somewhere else, particularly in the molecular sphere. Richard Levins has recognized the genuine challenges posed by ecology for theoretical and philosophical thinking in biology. This essay sets (...)
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  18. Peter Taylor & Yrjö Haila (2001). Situatedness and Problematic Boundaries: Conceptualizing Life's Complex Ecological Context. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 16 (4):521-532.
    A key challenge in conceptualizing ecological complexity is to allow simultaneously for particularity, contingency, and structure, and for such structure to be internally differentiated,dynamically tied to its context, and subject torestructuring. Because all organisms live insuch dynamic ecological circumstances, philosophy of ecology could become the leading site for addressing difficult conceptual questions concerning the situatedness or positionality of organisms –humans included – in their changing and intersecting worlds.
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  19. Peter Taylor (2000). Socio-Ecological Webs and Sites of Sociality:Levins' Strategy of Model Building Revisited. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 15 (2):197-210.
    This essay extends Levins'' 1966 analysis of modelbuilding in ecology and evolutionary biology. Amodel, as the product of modeling, might bevalued according to its correspondence to reality. Yet Levins'' emphasis on provisionality and changeredirects attention to the processes ofmodeling, through which scientists select and generatetheir problems, define their categories, collect theirdata, compare competing models, and present theirfindings. I identify several points where decisionsare required that are not determined by nature. Thisinvites examination of the social considerationsmodelers are reacting to at the (...)
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  20. Peter Leigh Taylor & Carol Zabin (2000). Neoliberal Reform and Sustainable Forest Management in Quintana Roo, Mexico: Rethinking the Institutional Framework of the Forestry Pilot Plan. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 17 (2):141-156.
    The Forestry Pilot Plan set intomotion collectively-owned and managed forestry in overforty communities in Quintana Roo, Mexico and hasshown the promise of a forestry development model thatpromotes conservation by giving local people a genuinestake in sustainable resource management. Today, thelegacy of the PPF is under great pressure. Externally,neoliberal policy reform restructures agrarianproduction in ways that favor individual overcollective management of natural resources.Internally, organizational problems createinefficiencies within both forestry ejidos(cooperative agrarian communities) and theirintermediate level forestry civil societies. Peasants'capacity to defend their (...)
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  21. Peter Taylor (1999). La selección natural: un lastre sobre el pensamiento biológico y social: un lastre sobre el pensamiento biológico y social. Ludus Vitalis 7 (12):27-58.
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  22. Peter J. Taylor, Saul E. Halfon & Paul N. Edwards (1998). Edited Volumes-Changing Life. Genomes, Ecologies, Bodies, Commodities. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 20 (3):382.
     
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  23. Peter G. Taylor (1997). Conference Review. Nursing Inquiry 4 (3):209-210.
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  24. Peter J. Taylor (1997). “Appearances Notwithstanding, We Are All Doing Something Like Political Ecology”. Social Epistemology 11 (1):111 – 127.
  25. Peter J. Taylor (1995). Building on Construction: An Exploration of Heterogeneous Constructionism, Using an Analogy From Psychology and a Sketch From Socio-Economic Modeling. Perspectives on Science 3 (1):66-98.
     
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  26. Peter J. Taylor (1994). Shifting Frames: From Divided to Distributed Psychologies of Scientific Agents. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:304 - 310.
    I characterize and then complicate Solomon, Thagard and Goldman's framing of the issue of integrating cognitive and social factors in explaining science. I sketch a radically (...)different framing which distributes the mind beyond the brain, embodies it, and has that mind-body-person become, as s/he always is, an agent acting in a society. I also find problems in Solomon's construal of multivariate statistics, Thagard's analogies for multivariate analysis, and Goldman's faith in the capacity of the community of users of scientific method to home in on true beliefs. (shrink)
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  27. Peter J. Taylor & Ann S. Blum (1991). Ecosystem as Circuits: Diagrams and the Limits of Physical Analogies. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 6 (2):275-294.
    Diagrams refer to the phenomena overtly represented, to analogous phenomena, and to previous pictures and their graphic conventions. The diagrams of ecologists Clarke, Hutchinson, and H.T. Odum reveal their search for physical analogies, building on the success of World War II science and the promise of cybernetics. H.T. Odum's energy circuit diagrams reveal also his aspirations for a universal and natural means of reducing complexity to guide the management of diverse ecological and social systems. Graphic conventions concerning framing and translation (...)
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  28. Peter J. Taylor & Ann S. Blum (1991). Pictorial Representation in Biology. Biology and Philosophy 6 (2):125-134.
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  29. Peter J. Taylor (1990). Mapping Ecologists' Ecologies of Knowledge. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:95 - 109.
    Ecologists grapple with complex, changing situations. Historians, sociologists and philosophers studying the construction of science likewise attempt to account for (or discount) a wide variety of influences making up the scientists' "ecologies of knowledge." This paper introduces a graphic methodology, mapping, designed to assist researchers at both levels-in science and in science studies-to work with the complexity of their material. By analyzing the implications and limitations of mapping, I aim to contribute to an ecological approach to the philosophy of science.
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  30. Peter J. Taylor (1989). Geography and the Global Perspective. In Derek Gregory & Rex Walford (eds.), Horizons in Human Geography. Barnes & Noble Books. 303.
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  31. Peter J. Taylor (1989). The Error of Developmentalism in Human Geography. In Derek Gregory & Rex Walford (eds.), Horizons in Human Geography. Barnes & Noble Books. 303--319.
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  32. Peter J. Taylor (1988). Technocratic Optimism, H. T. Odum, and the Partial Transformation of Ecological Metaphor After World War II. Journal of the History of Biology 21 (2):213 - 244.
  33. Peter Taylor (1986). Dialectical Biology as Political Practice. In Les Levidow (ed.), Science as Politics. Free Association Books.
     
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