34 found
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  1.  5
    Philip N. Johnson-Laird & Ruth M. J. Byrne (1992). Modal Reasoning, Models, and Manktelow and Over. Cognition 43 (2):173-182.
  2.  33
    Philip N. Johnson-Laird (1977). Procedural Semantics. Cognition 5 (3):189-214.
  3.  20
    Geoffrey P. Goodwin & Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2013). The Acquisition of Boolean Concepts. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (3):128-133.
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  4.  65
    Philip N. Johnson-Laird, Ruth M. J. Byrne & Vittorio Girotto (2009). The Mental Model Theory of Conditionals: A Reply to Guy Politzer. Topoi 28 (1):75-80.
    This paper replies to Politzer’s ( 2007 ) criticisms of the mental model theory of conditionals. It argues that the theory provides a correct account of negation of conditionals, that it does not provide a truth-functional account of their meaning, though it predicts that certain interpretations of conditionals yield acceptable versions of the ‘paradoxes’ of material implication, and that it postulates three main strategies for estimating the probabilities of conditionals.
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  5.  10
    Csongor Juhos, Ana Cristina Quelhas & Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2012). Temporal and Spatial Relations in Sentential Reasoning. Cognition 122 (3):393-404.
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  6.  18
    Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2001). Mental Models and Deduction. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (10):434-442.
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  7.  13
    Philip N. Johnson-Laird (1994). Mental Models and Probabilistic Thinking. Cognition 50 (1-3):189-209.
  8.  9
    Carlos Santamaría, Juan A. García-Madruga & Philip N. Johnson-Laird (1998). Reasoning From Double Conditionals: The Effects of Logical Structure and Believability. Thinking and Reasoning 4 (2):97-122.
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  9.  21
    Keith Oatley & Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2011). Basic Emotions in Social Relationships, Reasoning, and Psychological Illnesses. Emotion Review 3 (4):424-433.
    The communicative theory of emotions postulates that emotions are communications both within the brain and between individuals. Basic emotions owe their evolutionary origins to social mammals, and they enable human beings to use repertoires of mental resources appropriate to recurring and distinctive kinds of events. These emotions also enable them to cooperate with other individuals, to compete with them, and to disengage from them. The human system of emotions has also grafted onto basic emotions propositional contents about the cause (...)
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  10.  9
    Philip N. Johnson-Laird & Ruth M. J. Byrne (1993). Précis of Deduction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):323.
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  11. Philip N. Johnson-Laird (1983). A Computational Analysis of Consciousness. Cognition and Brain Theory 6:499-508.
     
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  12.  6
    Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2005). Mental Models and Thought. In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge Univ Pr 185--208.
  13. Philip N. Johnson-Laird (1972). The Three-Term Series Problem. Cognition 1 (1):57-82.
  14.  12
    Walter Schaeken & Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2000). Strategies in Temporal Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (3):193 – 219.
    This paper reports three studies of temporal reasoning. A problem of the following sort, where the letters denote common everyday events: A happens before B. C happens before B. D happens while B. E happens while C. What is the relation between D and EEfficacylls for at least two alternative models to be constructed in order to give the right answer for the right reason. However, the first premise is irrelevant to this answer, and so if reasoners were to ignore (...)
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  15.  5
    Ruth Mj Byrne, Philip N. Johnson-Laird, M. Oaksford & N. Chater (2010). Conditionals and Possibilities. In M. Oaksford & N. Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thought. Oxford University Press
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  16.  7
    Philip N. Johnson-Laird (1978). What's Wrong with Grandma's Guide to Procedural Semantics: A Reply to Jerry Fodor. Cognition 9 (September):249-61.
  17. Manuel de Vega, Margaret Jean Intons-Peterson, Philip N. Johnson-Laird, Michel Denis & Marc Marschark (1996). Models of Visuospatial Cognition. Oxford University Press Usa.
    This second volume in the Counterpoints Series focuses on alternative models of visual-spatial processing in human cognition. The editors provide a historical and theoretical introduction and offer ideas about directions and new research designs.
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  18.  3
    Philip N. Johnson-Laird & Ruth M. J. Byrne (1993). Mental Models or Formal Rules? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):368.
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  19.  13
    Philip N. Johnson-Laird (1995). Mental Models, Deductive Reasoning, and the Brain. In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences. MIT Press 999--1008.
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  20. Philip N. Johnson-Laird (1981). Mental Models of Meaning. In A. Joshi, Bruce H. Weber & Ivan A. Sag (eds.), Elements of Discourse Understanding. Cambridge University Press 106--126.
     
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  21.  8
    Philip N. Johnson-Laird (1997). Rules and Illusions: A Critical Study of Rips's the Psychology of Proof. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 7 (3):387-407.
  22.  7
    Philip N. Johnson-Laird (1994). A Model Theory of Induction. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (1):5 – 29.
    Abstract Theories of induction in psychology and artificial intelligence assume that the process leads from observation and knowledge to the formulation of linguistic conjectures. This paper proposes instead that the process yields mental models of phenomena. It uses this hypothesis to distinguish between deduction, induction, and creative forms of thought. It shows how models could underlie inductions about specific matters. In the domain of linguistic conjectures, there are many possible inductive generalizations of a conjecture. In the domain of models, however, (...)
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  23.  9
    Ruth M. J. Byrne & Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2010). Models Redux: Response to Evans and Over. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):6.
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  24.  24
    Philip N. Johnson-Laird (1997). An End to the Controversy? A Reply to Rips. Minds and Machines 7 (3):425-432.
  25. Philip N. Johnson-Laird (1993). How the Mind Thinks. In George A. Miller & Gilbert Harman (eds.), Conceptions of the Human Mind: Essays in Honor of George A. Miller. L. Erlbaum Associates
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  26.  5
    Ruth M. J. Byrne & Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2009). Corrigendum: ‘If’ and the Problems of Conditional Reasoning. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (9):371.
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  27.  12
    Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2005). Flying Bicycles: How the Wright Brothers Invented the Airplane. [REVIEW] Mind and Society 4 (1):27-48.
    This paper explores the ways in which Wilbur and Orville Wright thought as they tackled the problem of designing and constructing a heavier-than-air craft that would fly under its own power and under their control. It argues that their use of analogy and their use of knowledge in diagnostic reasoning lies outside the scope of current psychological theories and their computer implementations. They used analogies based on mental models of one system, such as the wings, to help them to develop (...)
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  28.  4
    Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2005). If Bears Eat in the Woods? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (2):43-44.
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  29.  2
    Vittorio Girotto & Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2010). Conditionals and Probability. In M. Oaksford & N. Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thought. Oxford University Press 103--115.
  30.  1
    Yingrui van Der HenstYang & Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2002). Strategies in Sentential Reasoning. Cognitive Science 26 (4):425-468.
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  31.  1
    Philip N. Johnson-Laird (1988). How is Meaning Mentally Represented. In Umberto Eco (ed.), Meaning and Mental Representations. Bloomington: Indiana University Press 496--99.
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  32.  2
    Philip N. Johnson-Laird (1994). Reply to the Commentators on a Model Theory of Induction. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (1):73 – 96.
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  33. Philip N. Johnson-Laird (1990). Human Thinking and Mental Models. In K. A. Mohyeldin Said, W. H. Newton-Smith, R. Viale & K. V. Wilkes (eds.), Modelling the Mind. Clarendon Press 155--170.
     
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  34. Philip N. Johnson-Laird, Eldar Shafir, Itamar Simonson, Amos Tversky, P. Legrenzi, V. Girotto, Pn Johnson-Laird, Edward E. Smith, Daniel Osherson & Nancy Pennington (1993). Numbers L-2. Cognition 49 (297):297.
     
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