Search results for 'Philippa Wiggins' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Patrick Amar, Pascal Ballet, Georgia Barlovatz-Meimon, Arndt Benecke, Gilles Bernot, Yves Bouligand, Paul Bourguine, Franck Delaplace, Jean-Marc Delosme, Maurice Demarty, Itzhak Fishov, Jean Fourmentin-Guilbert, Joe Fralick, Jean-Louis Giavitto, Bernard Gleyse, Christophe Godin, Roberto Incitti, François Képès, Catherine Lange, Lois Le Sceller, Corinne Loutellier, Olivier Michel, Franck Molina, Chantal Monnier, René Natowicz, Vic Norris, Nicole Orange, Helene Pollard, Derek Raine, Camille Ripoll, Josette Rouviere-Yaniv, Milton Saier, Paul Soler, Pierre Tambourin, Michel Thellier, Philippe Tracqui, Dave Ussery, Jean-Claude Vincent, Jean-Pierre Vannier, Philippa Wiggins & Abdallah Zemirline (2002). Hyperstructures, Genome Analysis and I-Cells. Acta Biotheoretica 50 (4).score: 240.0
    New concepts may prove necessary to profit from the avalanche of sequence data on the genome, transcriptome, proteome and interactome and to relate this information to cell physiology. Here, we focus on the concept of large activity-based structures, or hyperstructures, in which a variety of types of molecules are brought together to perform a function. We review the evidence for the existence of hyperstructures responsible for the initiation of DNA replication, the sequestration of newly replicated origins of replication, cell division (...)
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  2. David Wiggins (1999). Names, Fictional Names and 'Really': David Wiggins. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):271–286.score: 210.0
    [R. M. Sainsbury] Evans argued that most ordinary proper names were Russellian: to suppose that they have no bearer is to suppose that they have no meaning. The first part of this paper addresses Evans's arguments, and finds them wanting. Evans also claimed that the logical form of some negative existential sentences involves 'really' (e.g. 'Hamlet didn't really exist'). One might be tempted by the view, even if one did not accept its Russellian motivation. However, I suggest that Evans gives (...)
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  3. David Wiggins, Sabina Lovibond & S. G. Williams (eds.) (1996). Essays for David Wiggins: Identity, Truth, and Value. Blackwell.score: 180.0
     
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  4. David Wiggins (1991). Categorical Requirements: Kant and Hume on the Idea of Duty. The Monist 74 (1):83-106.score: 120.0
    If the theory advanced below is correct, then what is the difference (I know she [Philippa Foot]] will ask) between the moral must/must not and the must/must not of etiquette or the clubhouse? Looking forward to the conclusion I shall reach, let me reply, roughly and readily, that the difference will reside not in anything formal but in the depth, spread, and felt authority of the attachments to which the moral must/must not appeals-and categorically appeals.
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  5. Marc Neuberg (1995). La Philosophie Morale Britannique Monique Canto-Sperber Suivi d'Essais de Philippa Foot, Jonathan Glover, James Griffin, Richard Sorabji, David Wiggins, Bernard Williams Réunis Et Traduits Par Monique Canto-Sperber Collection «Philosophie Morale» Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1994, X, 278 P. [REVIEW] Dialogue 34 (04):857-.score: 120.0
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  6. David Wiggins (2003). Existence and Contingency: A Note. Philosophy 78 (4):483-494.score: 60.0
    Timothy Williamson offers a proof of the counterintuitive claim that, if an object exists, then it exists necessarily. David Wiggins argues that this result reveals the philosophical disadvantage of a first level (or ‘ticking over’) view of the very ‘exists’ and the advantage of the second level account offered by Frege and Russell. The author seeks to show how, using an idea of G. Evans but without the use of the resources of ‘free logic’, all occurrences of ‘exist’, including (...)
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  7. David Wiggins (2001). Sameness and Substance Renewed. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    In this book, which thoroughly revises and greatly expands his classic work Sameness and Substance (1980), David Wiggins retrieves and refurbishes in the light of twentieth-century logic and logical theory certain conceptions of identity, of substance and of persistence through change that philosophy inherits from its past. In this new version, he vindicates the absoluteness, necessity, determinateness and all or nothing character of identity against rival conceptions. He defends a form of essentialism that he calls individuative essentialism, and then (...)
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  8. Jamie Forth, Geraint Wiggins & Alex McLean (2010). Unifying Conceptual Spaces: Concept Formation in Musical Creative Systems. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 20 (4):503-532.score: 60.0
    We examine Gärdenfors’ theory of conceptual spaces, a geometrical form of knowledge representation (Conceptual spaces: The geometry of thought, MIT Press, Cambridge, 2000), in the context of the general Creative Systems Framework introduced by Wiggins (J Knowl Based Syst 19(7):449–458, 2006a; New Generation Comput 24(3):209–222, 2006b). Gärdenfors’ theory offers a way of bridging the traditional divide between symbolic and sub-symbolic representations, as well as the gap between representational formalism and meaning as perceived by human minds. We discuss how both (...)
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  9. David Wiggins (1968). On Being in the Same Place at the Same Time. Philosophical Review 77 (1):90-95.score: 30.0
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  10. David Wiggins (2009). What is the Order Among the Varieties of Goodness? A Question Posed by Von Wright; and a Conjecture Made by Aristotle. Philosophy 84 (2):175-200.score: 30.0
    The great variousness and plurality of goodness has given comfort to general scepticism about values and a multitude of metaethical attitudes or predilections. But is this variousness and plurality really the hotch-potch it has appeared? The paper recapitulates and expands von Wright's typology of the varieties of goodness and looks to explain the order or system that underlies the phenomena by developing and extending a conjecture of Aristotle's, the so-called 'focal hypothesis', and combining there-with a suggestion of von Wright's, to (...)
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  11. David Wiggins (2012). Identity, Individuation and Substance. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):1-25.score: 30.0
    The paper takes off from the problem of finding a proper content for the relation of identity as it holds or fails to hold among ordinary things or substances. The necessary conditions of identity are familiar, the sufficient conditions less so. The search is for conditions at once better usable than the Leibnizian Identity of Indiscernibles (independently suspect) and strong enough to underwrite all the formal properties of the relation.It is contended that the key to this problem rests at the (...)
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  12. David Wiggins (2012). Practical Knowledge: Knowing How To and Knowing That. Mind 121 (481):97-130.score: 30.0
    Ryle’s account of practical knowing is much controverted. The paper seeks to place present disputations in a larger context and draw attention to the connection between Ryle’s preoccupations and Aristotle’s account of practical reason, practical intelligence, and the way in which human beings enter into the way of being and acting that Aristotle denominates ethos . Considering matters in this framework, the author finds inconclusive the arguments that Stanley and Williamson offer for seeing knowing how to as a special case (...)
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  13. David Wiggins (1995). Categorical Requirements: Kant and Hume on the Idea of Duty. In Rosalind Hursthouse, Gavin Lawrence & Warren Quinn (eds.), Virtues and Reasons. Clarendon Press. 297-330.score: 30.0
  14. David Wiggins (2005). Objectivity in Ethics; Two Difficulties, Two Responses. Ratio 18 (1):1–26.score: 30.0
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  15. David Wiggins (1984). The Sense and Reference of Predicates: A Running Repair to Frege's Doctrine and a Plea for the Copula. Philosophical Quarterly 34 (136):311-328.score: 30.0
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  16. David Wiggins (2006). Ethics: Twelve Lectures on the Philosophy of Morality. Harvard University Press.score: 30.0
    As the need arises at various points in the book, he pursues a variety of related issues and engages additional thinkers--Plato, C. S. Peirce, Darwin, ...
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  17. David Wiggins (1998). Needs, Values, Truth: Essays in the Philosophy of Value. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    Needs, Values, Truth brings together of some of the most important and influential writings by a leading contemporary philosopher, drawn from twenty-five years of his work in the broad area of the philosophy of value. The author ranges between problems of ethics, meta-ethics, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of logic and language, looking at questions relating to meaning, truth and objectivity in judgements of value. For this third edition he has added a new essay on incommensurability, in addition to making (...)
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  18. David Wiggins (2004). Wittgenstein on Ethics and the Riddle of Life. Philosophy 79 (3):363-391.score: 30.0
    The paper seeks to interpret and then to criticize Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus paragraph 6.4 to 7 (the end), connecting this so-called mystical section with the “Lecture on Ethics” given in Cambridge in 1929, the Notebooks, and a passage in the Big Typescript. Interpretive and critical efforts focus on the claims: (1) that if having intrinsic value, good or evil, is nothing zufällig, then its basis is nothing in the world; (2) that value can only enter through the willing subject; (...)
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  19. Michael A. Schwartz, Osborne P. Wiggins, Jean Naudin & Manfred Spitzer (2005). Rebuilding Reality: A Phenomenology of Aspects of Chronic Schizophrenia. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):91-115.score: 30.0
    Schizophrenia, like other pathological conditions of mental life, has not been systematically included in the general study of consciousness. By focusing on aspects of chronic schizophrenia, we attempt to remedy this omission. Basic components of Husserl’s phenomenology (intentionality, synthesis, constitution, epoche, and unbuilding) are explicated and then employed in an account of chronic schizophrenia. In schizophrenic experience, basic constituents of reality are lost and the subject must try to explicitly re-constitute them. “Automatic mental life” is weakened such that much of (...)
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  20. David Wiggins (1974). Essentialism, Continuity, and Identity. Synthese 28 (3-4):321-359.score: 30.0
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  21. David Wiggins (1975). Deliberation and Practical Reason. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 76:29 - viii.score: 30.0
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  22. David Wiggins (2011). A Reasonable Frugality. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 69 (1):175-200.score: 30.0
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  23. David Wiggins (1997). Languages as Social Objects. Philosophy 72 (282):499-524.score: 30.0
  24. David Wiggins (2004). Neo-Aristotelian Reflections on Justice. Mind 113 (451):477-512.score: 30.0
    The purpose is to stage a dialogue between (1) a pre-liberal conception of justice, represented by Aristotle as revived with the help of ideas of Lucas, Jouvenel and (later on in the argument) G. A. Cohen, and (2) a liberal conception, as founded in Kant and refurbished, renewed and worked out in (say) A Theory of Justice by John Rawls. Among the questions at issue are the roles of habit, disposition and formation; the nature of the dependency (whether one (...)
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  25. David Wiggins (1997). Sortal Concepts: A Reply to Xu. Mind and Language 12 (3&4):413–421.score: 30.0
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  26. David Wiggins (1995). Objective and Subjective in Ethics, with Two Postscripts About Truth. Ratio 8 (3):243-258.score: 30.0
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  27. David Wiggins (2000). The Presidential Address: Nature, Respect for Nature, and the Human Scale of Values. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (1):1–32.score: 30.0
    I. The development of the earth has not progressed in the way that Leibniz so hopefully envisaged three hundred years ago. Late twentieth century disillusion demonstrated by citation. II-IV. In making sense of that disillusion it is a good beginning to abstain from speculative extravagance and simply to bring the human scale of values to bear; then to inquire how far the destruction of that which we prize has been gratuitous or economically subsidized. The human scale of values is not (...)
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  28. David Wiggins (2006). Three Moments in the Theory of Definition or Analysis: Its Possibility, its Aim or Aims, and its Limit or Terminus. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 107 (1pt1):73-109.score: 30.0
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  29. David Wiggins (1998). The Right and the Good and WD Ross's Criticism of Consequentialism. Utilitas 10 (3):261-.score: 30.0
    David Ross made the first sustained attack on Moore's agathistic utilitarianism or ethical neutralism a damaging concession to consequentialism.
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  30. David Wiggins (1976). Locke, Butler and the Stream of Consciousness: And Men as a Natural Kind. Philosophy 51 (196):131 - 158.score: 30.0
  31. David Wiggins (2005). Précis of Sameness and Substance Renewed. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (2):442–448.score: 30.0
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  32. David Wiggins (1975). Identity, Designation, Essentialism and Physicalism. Philosophia 5 (1-2):1-30.score: 30.0
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  33. Osborne P. Wiggins & Michael A. Schwartz (2011). Phenomenological Psychiatry Needs a Big Tent. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (1):31-32.score: 30.0
    This article by Louis Sass, Josef Parnas, and Dan Zahavi takes us into the midst of a debate over recent developments in phenomenological psychiatry. In "Phenomenological Psychopathology and Schizophrenia: Contemporary Approaches and Misunderstandings" (Sass et al. 2011), Sass et al. are responding to criticisms of their position lodged by Aaron L. Mishara in "Missing Links in Phenomenological Clinical Neuroscience: Why We Are Still Not There Yet" (Mishara 2007). In their reply, Sass et al. offer several helpful clarifications and justifications of (...)
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  34. David Wiggins (1979). The Concern to Survive. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 4 (1):417-422.score: 30.0
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  35. David Wiggins (2000). Nature, Respect for Nature, and the Human Scale of Values. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (1):1-32.score: 30.0
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  36. David Wiggins (1978). Weakness of Will, Commensurability, and the Objects of Deliberation and Desire. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 79:251 - 277.score: 30.0
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  37. David Wiggins (1990). Moral Cognitivism, Moral Relativism and Motivating Moral Beliefs. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 91:61 - 85.score: 30.0
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  38. David Wiggins (2005). An Idea We Cannot Do Without: What Difference Will It Make (Eg. To Moral, Political and Environmental Philosophy) to Recognize and Put to Use a Substantial Conception of Need? Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 80 (57):25-.score: 30.0
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  39. David Wiggins (2005). Replies. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (2):470–476.score: 30.0
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  40. David Wiggins (2000). Sameness, Substance and the Human Animal. The Philosophers' Magazine 12 (12):50-53.score: 30.0
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  41. David Wiggins (1988). Truth, Invention, and the Meaning of Life. In Geoffrey Sayre-McCord (ed.), Essays on Moral Realism. Cornell University Press. 127--65.score: 30.0
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  42. Osborne P. Wiggins & Michael A. Schwartz (2005). Richard Zaner's Phenomenology of the Clinical Encounter. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (1):73-87.score: 30.0
    The clinical ethics propounded by Richard Zaner is unique. Partly because of his phenomenological orientation and partly because of his own daily practice as a clinical ethicist in a large university hospital, Zaner focuses on the particular concrete situations in which patients and their families confront illness and injury and struggle toward workable ways for dealing with them. He locates ethical reality in the clinical encounter. This encounter encompasses not only patient and physician but also the patients family and friends (...)
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  43. Michael A. Schwartz & Osborne P. Wiggins (2010). Psychosomatic Medicine and the Philosophy of Life. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 5 (1):1-5.score: 30.0
    Basing ourselves on the writings of Hans Jonas, we offer to psychosomatic medicine a philosophy of life that surmounts the mind-body dualism which has plagued Western thought since the origins of modern science in seventeenth century Europe. Any present-day account of reality must draw upon everything we know about the living and the non-living. Since we are living beings ourselves, we know what it means to be alive from our own first-hand experience. Therefore, our philosophy of life, in addition to (...)
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  44. Osborne P. Wiggins & Michael Alan Schwartz (1997). Edmund Husserl's Influence on Karl Jaspers's Phenomenology. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 4 (1):15-36.score: 30.0
  45. David Wiggins (1979). Mereological Essentialism: Asymmetrical Essential Dependence and the Nature of Continuants. Grazer Philosophische Studien 7:297-315.score: 30.0
    The author expounds critically Roderick Chisholm's theory of modal mereology and undertakes to redeploy and reconcile this with the Lesniewski-Tarski theory of part-whole, modally augmented. An argument is presented for the principle that what belongs to an aggregate as a part belongs essentially to it. This principle is argued not to imply that every part of an ordinary substance is essentially part of it (such substances not being aggregates), and to give no particular support to Roderick Chisholm's postulation of entia (...)
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  46. Tony Anderson & Sally Wiggins (2014). Criticizing the Critic: Comments on Jahoda's (2012) Critique of Discursive Social Psychology. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (1):123-129.score: 30.0
    Jahoda (2012) criticizes discursive social psychology (DSP) on several different grounds; specifically, he argues that DSP has opaque methodological procedures, is of questionable scientific merit, involves over-interpretation of its data, and implicitly claims its findings to be universal rather than contextually specific. We challenge these criticisms by arguing that observational studies of the kind typical within DSP research have a perfectly valid place within a scientific social psychology, that the interpretations made by DSP researchers should be seen in the context (...)
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  47. David Wiggins & M. J. Woods (1963). Symposium: The Individuation of Things and Places. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 37:177 - 216.score: 30.0
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  48. David Wiggins (1985). Verbs and Adverbs, and Some Other Modes of Grammatical Combination. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 86:273 - 304.score: 30.0
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  49. Osborne P. Wiggins, Michael Alan Schwartz & Jean Naudin (2001). Husserlian Comments on Blankenburg's "Psychopathology of Common Sense&Quot;. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 8 (4):327-329.score: 30.0
  50. Marcus T. Pearce & Geraint A. Wiggins (2012). Auditory Expectation: The Information Dynamics of Music Perception and Cognition. Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (4):625-652.score: 30.0
    Following in a psychological and musicological tradition beginning with Leonard Meyer, and continuing through David Huron, we present a functional, cognitive account of the phenomenon of expectation in music, grounded in computational, probabilistic modeling. We summarize a range of evidence for this approach, from psychology, neuroscience, musicology, linguistics, and creativity studies, and argue that simulating expectation is an important part of understanding a broad range of human faculties, in music and beyond.
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