Search results for 'Philippa Wiggins' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  26
    Patrick Amar, Pascal Ballet, Georgia Barlovatz-Meimon, Arndt Benecke, Gilles Bernot, Yves Bouligand, Paul Bourguine, Franck Delaplace, Jean-Marc Delosme, Maurice Demarty, Itzhak Fishov, Jean Fourmentin-Guilbert, Joe Fralick, Jean-Louis Giavitto, Bernard Gleyse, Christophe Godin, Roberto Incitti, François Képès, Catherine Lange, Lois Le Sceller, Corinne Loutellier, Olivier Michel, Franck Molina, Chantal Monnier, René Natowicz, Vic Norris, Nicole Orange, Helene Pollard, Derek Raine, Camille Ripoll, Josette Rouviere-Yaniv, Milton Saier, Paul Soler, Pierre Tambourin, Michel Thellier, Philippe Tracqui, Dave Ussery, Jean-Claude Vincent, Jean-Pierre Vannier, Philippa Wiggins & Abdallah Zemirline (2002). Hyperstructures, Genome Analysis and I-Cells. Acta Biotheoretica 50 (4):357-373.
    New concepts may prove necessary to profit from the avalanche of sequence data on the genome, transcriptome, proteome and interactome and to relate this information to cell physiology. Here, we focus on the concept of large activity-based structures, or hyperstructures, in which a variety of types of molecules are brought together to perform a function. We review the evidence for the existence of hyperstructures responsible for the initiation of DNA replication, the sequestration of newly replicated origins of replication, cell division (...)
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  2.  46
    David Wiggins (1999). Names, Fictional Names and 'Really': David Wiggins. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):271–286.
    [R. M. Sainsbury] Evans argued that most ordinary proper names were Russellian: to suppose that they have no bearer is to suppose that they have no meaning. The first part of this paper addresses Evans's arguments, and finds them wanting. Evans also claimed that the logical form of some negative existential sentences involves 'really' (e.g. 'Hamlet didn't really exist'). One might be tempted by the view, even if one did not accept its Russellian motivation. However, I suggest that Evans gives (...)
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  3. David Wiggins, Sabina Lovibond & S. G. Williams (eds.) (1996). Essays for David Wiggins: Identity, Truth, and Value. Blackwell.
     
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  4.  5
    David Wiggins (1976). Locke, Butler and the Stream of Consciousness: And Men as a Natural Kind: David Wiggins. Philosophy 51 (196):131-158.
    Locke defined a person as ‘a thinking intelligent being, that has reason and reflection, and can consider itself as itself, the same thinking thing, in different times and places” . To many who have been excited by the same thought as Locke, continuity of consciousness has seemed to be an integral part of what we mean by a person. The intuitive appeal of the idea that to secure the continuing identity of a person one experience must flow into the next (...)
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  5. David Wiggins (2000). ‘The Right and the Good’ and W. D. Ross's Criticism of Consequentialism: David Wiggins. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 47 (3):175-195.
    The theme announced for these lectures is the philosophy of value. It may seem that moral philosophy, along with aesthetics, the philosophy of art, the philosophy of environment … ought to be a proper part of the philosophy of value. I have chosen mottoes to illustrate the dangers of that supposition.
     
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  6. David Wiggins (1991). Categorical Requirements: Kant and Hume on the Idea of Duty. The Monist 74 (1):83-106.
    If the theory advanced below is correct, then what is the difference (I know she [Philippa Foot]] will ask) between the moral must/must not and the must/must not of etiquette or the clubhouse? Looking forward to the conclusion I shall reach, let me reply, roughly and readily, that the difference will reside not in anything formal but in the depth, spread, and felt authority of the attachments to which the moral must/must not appeals-and categorically appeals.
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  7.  9
    Marc Neuberg (1995). La Philosophie Morale Britannique Monique Canto-Sperber Suivi d'Essais de Philippa Foot, Jonathan Glover, James Griffin, Richard Sorabji, David Wiggins, Bernard Williams Réunis Et Traduits Par Monique Canto-Sperber Collection «Philosophie Morale» Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1994, X, 278 P. [REVIEW] Dialogue 34 (04):857-.
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  8.  50
    David Wiggins (2001). Sameness and Substance Renewed. Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, which thoroughly revises and greatly expands his classic work Sameness and Substance (1980), David Wiggins retrieves and refurbishes in the light of twentieth-century logic and logical theory certain conceptions of identity, of substance and of persistence through change that philosophy inherits from its past. In this new version, he vindicates the absoluteness, necessity, determinateness and all or nothing character of identity against rival conceptions. He defends a form of essentialism that he calls individuative essentialism, and then (...)
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  9.  53
    David Wiggins, Solidarity and the Root of the Ethical.
    This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for 2008, given by David Wiggins, a British philosopher.
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  10.  67
    David Wiggins (2003). Existence and Contingency: A Note. Philosophy 78 (4):483-494.
    Timothy Williamson offers a proof of the counterintuitive claim that, if an object exists, then it exists necessarily. David Wiggins argues that this result reveals the philosophical disadvantage of a first level (or ‘ticking over’) view of the very ‘exists’ and the advantage of the second level account offered by Frege and Russell. The author seeks to show how, using an idea of G. Evans but without the use of the resources of ‘free logic’, all occurrences of ‘exist’, including (...)
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  11.  17
    Jamie Forth, Geraint Wiggins & Alex McLean (2010). Unifying Conceptual Spaces: Concept Formation in Musical Creative Systems. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 20 (4):503-532.
    We examine Gärdenfors’ theory of conceptual spaces, a geometrical form of knowledge representation (Conceptual spaces: The geometry of thought, MIT Press, Cambridge, 2000), in the context of the general Creative Systems Framework introduced by Wiggins (J Knowl Based Syst 19(7):449–458, 2006a; New Generation Comput 24(3):209–222, 2006b). Gärdenfors’ theory offers a way of bridging the traditional divide between symbolic and sub-symbolic representations, as well as the gap between representational formalism and meaning as perceived by human minds. We discuss how both (...)
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  12. David Wiggins (ed.) (2003). Conditionals. Clarendon Press.
    Conditionals has at its centre an extended essay on this problematic and much-debated subject in the philosophy of language and logic by the widely respected Oxford philosopher Michael Woods. It has been edited by his eminent colleague David Wiggins, and is accompanied by a commentary specially written by a leading expert on the topic, Dorothy Edgington. This masterly and original treatment of conditionals will demand the attention of all philosophers working in this area.
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  13. David Wiggins (ed.) (1997). Conditionals. Clarendon Press.
    Conditionals has at its centre an extended essay on this problematic and much-debated subject in the philosophy of language and logic, which the widely respected Oxford philosopher Michael Woods had been preparing for publication at the time of his death in 1993. It appears here edited by his eminent colleague David Wiggins, and accompanied by a commentary specially written by a leading expert on the topic, Dorothy Edgington. This masterly and original treatment of conditionals will demand the attention of (...)
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  14. David Wiggins (2005). Sameness and Substance Renewed. Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, which thoroughly revises and greatly expands his classic work Sameness and Substance, David Wiggins retrieves and refurbishes in the light of twentieth-century logic and logical theory certain conceptions of identity, of substance and of persistence through change that philosophy inherits from its past. In this new version, he vindicates the absoluteness, necessity, determinateness and all or nothing character of identity against rival conceptions. He defends a form of essentialism that he calls individuative essentialism, and then a (...)
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  15. David Wiggins (2012). Sameness and Substance Renewed. Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, which thoroughly revises and greatly expands his classic work Sameness and Substance, David Wiggins retrieves and refurbishes in the light of twentieth-century logic and logical theory certain conceptions of identity, of substance and of persistence through change that philosophy inherits from its past. In this new version, he vindicates the absoluteness, necessity, determinateness and all or nothing character of identity against rival conceptions. He defends a form of essentialism that he calls individuative essentialism, and then a (...)
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  16.  10
    David Wiggins (1980). Sameness and Substance. Harvard University Press.
  17. David Wiggins (1998). Needs, Values, Truth: Essays in the Philosophy of Value. Oxford University Press.
    Needs, Values, Truth brings together of some of the most important and influential writings by a leading contemporary philosopher, drawn from twenty-five years of his work in the broad area of the philosophy of value. The author ranges between problems of ethics, meta-ethics, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of logic and language, looking at questions relating to meaning, truth and objectivity in judgements of value. For this third edition he has added a new essay on incommensurability, in addition to making (...)
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  18.  3
    David Wiggins (1990). Needs, Values, Truth. Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 180 (1):106-106.
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  19. David Wiggins (1968). On Being in the Same Place at the Same Time. Philosophical Review 77 (1):90-95.
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  20. David Wiggins (2006). Ethics: Twelve Lectures on the Philosophy of Morality. Harvard University Press.
    As the need arises at various points in the book, he pursues a variety of related issues and engages additional thinkers--Plato, C. S. Peirce, Darwin, ...
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  21. David Wiggins (2012). Practical Knowledge: Knowing How To and Knowing That. Mind 121 (481):97-130.
    Ryle’s account of practical knowing is much controverted. The paper seeks to place present disputations in a larger context and draw attention to the connection between Ryle’s preoccupations and Aristotle’s account of practical reason, practical intelligence, and the way in which human beings enter into the way of being and acting that Aristotle denominates ethos . Considering matters in this framework, the author finds inconclusive the arguments that Stanley and Williamson offer for seeing knowing how to as a special case (...)
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  22.  16
    Osborne P. Wiggins, John H. Barker, Serge Martinez, Marieke Vossen, Claudio Maldonado, Federico V. Grossi, Cedric G. Francois, Michael Cunningham, Gustavo Perez-Abadia, Moshe Kon & Joseph C. Banis (2004). On the Ethics of Facial Transplantation Research. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):1 – 12.
    Transplantation continues to push the frontiers of medicine into domains that summon forth troublesome ethical questions. Looming on the frontier today is human facial transplantation. We develop criteria that, we maintain, must be satisfied in order to ethically undertake this as-yet-untried transplant procedure. We draw on the criteria advanced by Dr. Francis Moore in the late 1980s for introducing innovative procedures in transplant surgery. In addition to these we also insist that human face transplantation must meet all the (...)
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  23.  31
    David Wiggins (1967). Identity and Spatio-Temporal Continuity. Oxford, Blackwell.
  24.  18
    David Wiggins (forthcoming). Activity, Process, Continuant, Substance, Organism. Philosophy:1-12.
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  25.  39
    Marcus T. Pearce & Geraint A. Wiggins (2012). Auditory Expectation: The Information Dynamics of Music Perception and Cognition. Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (4):625-652.
    Following in a psychological and musicological tradition beginning with Leonard Meyer, and continuing through David Huron, we present a functional, cognitive account of the phenomenon of expectation in music, grounded in computational, probabilistic modeling. We summarize a range of evidence for this approach, from psychology, neuroscience, musicology, linguistics, and creativity studies, and argue that simulating expectation is an important part of understanding a broad range of human faculties, in music and beyond.
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  26. David Wiggins (1988). Truth, Invention, and the Meaning of Life. In Geoffrey Sayre-McCord (ed.), Essays on Moral Realism. Cornell University Press 127--65.
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  27. David Wiggins (1987). A Sensible Subjectivism? Basil Blackwell.
     
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  28. David Wiggins (1984). The Sense and Reference of Predicates: A Running Repair to Frege's Doctrine and a Plea for the Copula. Philosophical Quarterly 34 (136):311-328.
  29.  62
    David Wiggins (1997). Sortal Concepts: A Reply to Xu. Mind and Language 12 (3&4):413–421.
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  30.  91
    David Wiggins (1990). Moral Cognitivism, Moral Relativism and Motivating Moral Beliefs. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 91:61 - 85.
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  31.  62
    David Wiggins (2004). Neo-Aristotelian Reflections on Justice. Mind 113 (451):477-512.
    The purpose is to stage a dialogue between a pre-liberal conception of justice, represented by Aristotle as revived with the help of ideas of Lucas, Jouvenel and G. A. Cohen, and a liberal conception, as founded in Kant and refurbished, renewed and worked out in A Theory of Justice by John Rawls. Among the questions at issue are the roles of habit, disposition and formation; the nature of the dependency between the justice of the citizen of a polity and the (...)
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  32. David Wiggins (2009). What is the Order Among the Varieties of Goodness? A Question Posed by Von Wright; and a Conjecture Made by Aristotle. Philosophy 84 (2):175-200.
    The great variousness and plurality of goodness has given comfort to general scepticism about values and a multitude of metaethical attitudes or predilections. But is this variousness and plurality really the hotch-potch it has appeared? The paper recapitulates and expands von Wright's typology of the varieties of goodness and looks to explain the order or system that underlies the phenomena by developing and extending a conjecture of Aristotle's, the so-called 'focal hypothesis', and combining there-with a suggestion of von Wright's, to (...)
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  33. David Wiggins (2012). Identity, Individuation and Substance. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):1-25.
    The paper takes off from the problem of finding a proper content for the relation of identity as it holds or fails to hold among ordinary things or substances. The necessary conditions of identity are familiar, the sufficient conditions less so. The search is for conditions at once better usable than the Leibnizian Identity of Indiscernibles (independently suspect) and strong enough to underwrite all the formal properties of the relation.It is contended that the key to this problem rests at the (...)
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  34.  97
    David Wiggins (1975). Deliberation and Practical Reason. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 76:29 - viii.
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  35. David Wiggins (1973). Towards a Reasonable Libertarianism. In Ted Honderich (ed.), Essays on Freedom of Action. Routledge and Kegan Paul 31.
     
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  36.  19
    David Wiggins (2013). Truth, Pragmatism and Morality. Philosophy 88 (3):351-368.
    1. Hilary Putnam's conception of ethics is not best understood as a form of , but as a position consequent upon the pragmatist understanding of the relation between truth and rational acceptability secondnesswe invent moral words for morally relevant features of situations, which lead to further refinements of our moral notions a shared way of living a moral image of the worldmoral reality’.
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  37.  94
    Michael A. Schwartz, Osborne P. Wiggins, Jean Naudin & Manfred Spitzer (2005). Rebuilding Reality: A Phenomenology of Aspects of Chronic Schizophrenia. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):91-115.
    Schizophrenia, like other pathological conditions of mental life, has not been systematically included in the general study of consciousness. By focusing on aspects of chronic schizophrenia, we attempt to remedy this omission. Basic components of Husserl’s phenomenology (intentionality, synthesis, constitution, epoche, and unbuilding) are explicated and then employed in an account of chronic schizophrenia. In schizophrenic experience, basic constituents of reality are lost and the subject must try to explicitly re-constitute them. “Automatic mental life” is weakened such that much of (...)
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  38.  18
    David Wiggins (2012). Identity, Individuation and Substance. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):1-25.
    The paper takes off from the problem of finding a proper content for the relation of identity as it holds or fails to hold among ordinary things or substances. The necessary conditions of identity are familiar, the sufficient conditions less so. The search is for conditions at once better usable than the Leibnizian Identity of Indiscernibles (independently suspect) and strong enough to underwrite all the formal properties of the relation. -/- It is contended that the key to this problem rests (...)
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  39. David Wiggins (2005). Objectivity in Ethics; Two Difficulties, Two Responses. Ratio 18 (1):1–26.
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  40.  66
    David Wiggins (1998). The Right and the Good and WD Ross's Criticism of Consequentialism. Utilitas 10 (3):261-.
    David Ross made the first sustained attack on Moore's agathistic utilitarianism or ethical neutralism a damaging concession to consequentialism.
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  41.  50
    David Wiggins (2006). Three Moments in the Theory of Definition or Analysis: Its Possibility, its Aim or Aims, and its Limit or Terminus. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 107 (1pt1):73-109.
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  42.  10
    David Wiggins (2014). Work, its Moral Meaning or Import. Philosophy 89 (3):477-482.
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  43.  56
    David Wiggins (1979). Mereological Essentialism: Asymmetrical Essential Dependence and the Nature of Continuants. Grazer Philosophische Studien 7:297-315.
    The author expounds critically Roderick Chisholm's theory of modal mereology and undertakes to redeploy and reconcile this with the Lesniewski-Tarski theory of part-whole, modally augmented. An argument is presented for the principle that what belongs to an aggregate as a part belongs essentially to it. This principle is argued not to imply that every part of an ordinary substance is essentially part of it (such substances not being aggregates), and to give no particular support to Roderick Chisholm's postulation of entia (...)
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  44.  7
    David Wiggins (2004). Reflections on Inquiry and Truth Arising From Peirce's Method for the Fixation of Belief. In C. J. Misak (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Peirce. Cambridge University Press 87--126.
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  45. David Wiggins (1993). Cognitivism, Naturalism, and Normativity: A Reply to Peter Railton. In John Haldane & Crispin Wright (eds.), Reality, Representation, and Projection. Oxford University Press 301--313.
     
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  46.  4
    D. Z. Phillips, Aurel Kolnai, Bernard Williams & David Wiggins (1978). Ethics, Value and Reality. Philosophical Quarterly 28 (112):277.
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  47. David Wiggins (2004). Wittgenstein on Ethics and the Riddle of Life. Philosophy 79 (3):363-391.
    The paper seeks to interpret and then to criticize Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus paragraph 6.4 to 7 , connecting this so-called mystical section with the “Lecture on Ethics” given in Cambridge in 1929, the Notebooks, and a passage in the Big Typescript. Interpretive and critical efforts focus on the claims: that if having intrinsic value, good or evil, is nothing zufällig, then its basis is nothing in the world; that value can only enter through the willing subject; that “how things are (...)
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  48. David Wiggins (2009). Knowing How to and Knowing That. In P. M. S. Hacker, Hans-Johann Glock & John Hyman (eds.), Wittgenstein and Analytic Philosophy: Essays for P.M.S. Hacker. Oxford University Press
     
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  49.  6
    Gonzalo A. Chavez, Roy A. Wiggins & Munevver Yolas (2001). The Impact of Membership in the Ethics Officer Association. Journal of Business Ethics 34 (1):39 - 56.
    In this study, we propose considering membership in the Ethics Officer Association (EOA) as a proxy for the firm''s commitment to ethical decision making, and we analyze the influence of firm- and CEO-specific characteristics on this commitment. While we observe a positive relationship between membership and firm size, we also document a negative relationship between EOA membership and the executive''s time in position and, to a more modest extent, accounting returns. Pursuing this further, we present evidence that firms with past (...)
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  50. David Wiggins (1995). Categorical Requirements: Kant and Hume on the Idea of Duty. In Rosalind Hursthouse, Gavin Lawrence & Warren Quinn (eds.), The Monist. Clarendon Press 297-330.
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