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  1.  96
    Philippe Huneman (2010). Topological Explanations and Robustness in Biological Sciences. Synthese 177 (2):213-245.
    This paper argues that besides mechanistic explanations, there is a kind of explanation that relies upon “topological” properties of systems in order to derive the explanandum as a consequence, and which does not consider mechanisms or causal processes. I first investigate topological explanations in the case of ecological research on the stability of ecosystems. Then I contrast them with mechanistic explanations, thereby distinguishing the kind of realization they involve from the realization relations entailed by mechanistic explanations, and explain how both (...)
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  2.  12
    Philippe Huneman (2015). Inscrutability and the Opacity of Natural Selection and Random Genetic Drift: Distinguishing the Epistemic and Metaphysical Aspects. Erkenntnis 80 (3):491-518.
    ‘Statisticalists’ argue that the individual interactions of organisms taken together constitute natural selection. On this view, natural selection is an aggregated effect of interactions rather than some added cause acting on populations. The statisticalists’ view entails that natural selection and drift are indistinguishable aggregated effects of interactions, so that it becomes impossible to make a difference between them. The present paper attempts to make sense of the difference between selection and drift, given the main insights of statisticalism; basically, it will (...)
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  3. Frédéric Bouchard & Philippe Huneman (eds.) (2013). From Groups to Individuals: Evolution and Emerging Individuality. MIT Press.
    Our intuitive assumption that only organisms are the real individuals in the natural world is at odds with developments in cell biology, ecology, genetics, evolutionary biology, and other fields. Although organisms have served for centuries as nature’s paradigmatic individuals, science suggests that organisms are only one of the many ways in which the natural world could be organized. When living beings work together—as in ant colonies, beehives, and bacteria-metazoan symbiosis—new collective individuals can emerge. In this book, leading scholars consider the (...)
     
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  4.  6
    Philippe Huneman (forthcoming). Assessing the Prospects for a Return of Organisms in Evolutionary Biology. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences.
  5.  54
    Philippe Huneman (2012). Natural Selection: A Case for the Counterfactual Approach. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 76 (2):171-194.
    This paper investigates the conception of causation required in order to make sense of natural selection as a causal explanation of changes in traits or allele frequencies. It claims that under a counterfactual account of causation, natural selection is constituted by the causal relevance of traits and alleles to the variation in traits and alleles frequencies. The “statisticalist” view of selection (Walsh, Matthen, Ariew, Lewens) has shown that natural selection is not a cause superadded to the causal interactions between individual (...)
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  6.  2
    Philippe Huneman (2014). Individuality as a Theoretical Scheme. I. Formal and Material Concepts of Individuality. Biological Theory 9 (4):361-373.
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  7. Philippe Huneman (2007). Titles, Uses and Instructions of Use: The Status of Intention in Art and Artefacts. Facta Philosophica 9 (1):3-21.
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  8.  47
    Philippe Huneman (2012). Determinism, Predictability and Open-Ended Evolution: Lessons From Computational Emergence. Synthese 185 (2):195-214.
    Among many properties distinguishing emergence, such as novelty, irreducibility and unpredictability, computational accounts of emergence in terms of computational incompressibility aim first at making sense of such unpredictability. Those accounts prove to be more objective than usual accounts in terms of levels of mereology, which often face objections of being too epistemic. The present paper defends computational accounts against some objections, and develops what such notions bring to the usual idea of unpredictability. I distinguish the objective unpredictability, compatible with determinism (...)
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  9.  3
    Philippe Huneman (2014). A Pluralist Framework to Address Challenges to the Modern Synthesis in Evolutionary Theory. Biological Theory 9 (2):163-177.
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  10.  2
    Minus van Baalen & Philippe Huneman (2014). Organisms as Ecosystems/Ecosystems as Organisms. Biological Theory 9 (4):357-360.
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  11.  39
    Philippe Huneman (2006). From the Critique of Judgment to the Hermeneutics of Nature: Sketching the Fate of Philosophy of Nature After Kant. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 39 (1):1-34.
    This paper proposes an interpretative framework for some developments of the philosophy of nature after Kant. I emphasize the critique of the economy of nature in the Critique of judgement. I argue that it resulted in a split of a previous structure of knowledge; such a structure articulated natural theology and natural philosophy on the basis of the consideration of the order displayed by living beings, both in their internal organisation and their ecological distribution. The possibility of a philosophical discourse (...)
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  12.  7
    Philippe Huneman (2013). Assessing Statistical Views of Natural Selection: Room for Non-Local Causation? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):604-612.
    Recently some philosophers have emphasized a potentially irreconcilable conceptual antagonism between the statistical characterization of natural selection and the standard scientific discussion of natural selection in terms of forces and causes. Other philosophers have developed an account of the causal character of selectionist statements represented in terms of counterfactuals. I examine the compatibility between such statisticalism and counterfactually based causal accounts of natural selection by distinguishing two distinct statisticalist claims: firstly the suggested impossibility for natural selection to be a cause (...)
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  13.  8
    Philippe Huneman (2014). Individuality as a Theoretical Scheme. II. About the Weak Individuality of Organisms and Ecosystems. Biological Theory 9 (4):374-381.
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  14.  18
    Philippe Huneman (2014). Kant Vs. Leibniz in the Second Antinomy: Organisms Are Not Infinitely Subtle Machines. Kant-Studien 105 (2):155-195.
    This paper interprets the two pages devoted in the Critique of Pure Reason to a critique of Leibniz’s view of organisms as infinitely organized machines. It argues that this issue of organisms represents a crucial test-case for Kant in regard to the conflicting notions of space, continuity and divisibility held by classical metaphysics and by criticism. I first present Leibniz’s doctrine and its justification. In a second step, I explain the general reasoning by which Kant defines the problem of the (...)
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  15. Philippe Huneman (ed.) (2013). Functions: Selection and Mechanisms. Springer.
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  16.  20
    Philippe Huneman (2013). Causal Parity and Externalisms: Extensions in Life and Mind. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 23 (3):377-404.
    This paper questions the form and prospects of “extended theories” which have been simultaneously and independently advocated both in the philosophy of mind and in the philosophy of biology. It focuses on Extend Mind Theory (EMT) and Developmental Systems Theory (DST). It shows first that the two theories vindicate a parallel extension of received views, the former concerning extending cognition beyond the brain, the latter concerned with extending evolution and development beyond the genes. It also shows that both arguments rely (...)
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  17.  10
    Philippe Huneman, Reflexive Judgement and Wolffian Embryology: Kant's Shift Between the First and the Third Critique.
    The problem of generation has been, for Kant scholars, a kind of test of Kant's successive concepts of finality. Although he deplores the absence of a naturalistic account of purposiveness (and hence of reproduction) in his pre-critical writings, in the First Critique he nevertheless presents a "reductionist" view of finality in the Transcendental Dialectic's Appendices. This finality can be used only as a language, extended to the whole of nature, but which must be filled with mechanistic explanations. Therefore, in 1781, (...)
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  18.  56
    Philippe Huneman (ed.) (2007). Understanding Purpose: Kant and the Philosophy of Biology. University of Rochester Press.
    A collection of essays investigating key historical and scientific questions relating to the concept of natural purpose in Kant's philosophy of biology.
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  19.  4
    Philippe Huneman (2013). Weak Realism in the Etiological Theory of Functions. In Functions: Selection and Mechanisms. Springer 105--130.
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  20.  2
    François Munoz & Philippe Huneman, From the Neutral Theory to a Comprehensive and Multiscale Theory of Ecological Equivalence.
    The neutral theory of biodiversity assumes that coexisting organisms are equally able to survive, reproduce and disperse, but predicts that stochastic fluctuations of these abilities drive diversity dynamics. It predicts remarkably well many biodiversity patterns, although substantial evidence for the role of niche variation across organisms seems contradictory. Here, we discuss this apparent paradox by exploring the meaning and implications of ecological equivalence. We address the question whether neutral theory provides an explanation for biodiversity patterns and acknowledges causal processes. We (...)
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  21.  25
    Philippe Huneman (2008). Emergence Made Ontological? Computational Versus Combinatorial Approaches. Philosophy of Science 75 (5):595-607.
    I challenge the usual approach of defining emergence in terms of properties of wholes “emerging” upon properties of parts. This approach indeed fails to meet the requirement of nontriviality, since it renders a bunch of ordinary properties emergent; however, by defining emergence as the incompressibility of a simulation process, we have an objective meaning of emergence because the difference between the processes satisfying the incompressibility criterion and the other processes does not depend on our cognitive abilities. Finally, this definition fulfills (...)
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  22.  12
    Philippe Huneman (forthcoming). Diversifying the Picture of Explanations in Biological Sciences: Ways of Combining Topology with Mechanisms. Synthese:1-32.
    Besides mechanistic explanations of phenomena, which have been seriously investigated in the last decade, biology and ecology also include explanations that pinpoint specific mathematical properties as explanatory of the explanandum under focus. Among these structural explanations, one finds topological explanations, and recent science pervasively relies on them. This reliance is especially due to the necessity to model large sets of data with no practical possibility to track the proper activities of all the numerous entities. The paper first defines topological explanations (...)
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  23.  25
    Philippe Huneman, Evolutionary Theory in Philosophical Focus.
    This chapter surveys the philosophical problems raised by the two Darwinian claims of the existence of a Tree of a life, and the explanatory power of natural selection. It explores the specificity of explanations by natural selection, emphasizing the high context-dependency of any process of selection. Some consequences are drawn about the difficulty of those explanations to fit a nomological model of explanation, and the irreducibility of their historic-narrative dimension. The paper introduces to the debates about units of selection, stating (...)
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  24. Philippe Huneman (2012). Computer Sciences Meet Evolutionary Biology: Issues in Gradualism. In Torres Juan, Pombo Olga, Symons John & Rahman Shahid (eds.), Special sciences and the Unity of Science. Springer
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  25.  5
    Philippe Huneman (2005). Espece Et Adaptation Chez Kant Et Buffon. In Jean Ferrari (ed.), Kant Et la France. Olms 107--120.
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  26.  45
    Philippe Huneman & Paul Humphreys (2008). Dynamical Emergence and Computation: An Introduction. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 18 (4):425-430.
  27.  44
    Philippe Huneman (2008). Emergence and Adaptation. Minds and Machines 18 (4):493-520.
    I investigate the relationship between adaptation, as defined in evolutionary theory through natural selection, and the concept of emergence. I argue that there is an essential correlation between the former, and “emergence” defined in the field of algorithmic simulations. I first show that the computational concept of emergence (in terms of incompressible simulation) can be correlated with a causal criterion of emergence (in terms of the specificity of the explanation of global patterns). On this ground, I argue that emergence in (...)
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  28.  5
    Joseph Berkovitz & Philippe Huneman (2015). On Probabilities in Biology and Physics. Erkenntnis 80 (3):433-456.
    This volume focuses on various questions concerning the interpretation of probability and probabilistic reasoning in biology and physics. It is inspired by the idea that philosophers of biology and philosophers of physics who work on the foundations of their disciplines encounter similar questions and problems concerning the role and application of probability, and that interaction between the two communities will be both interesting and fruitful. In this introduction we present the background to the main questions that the volume focuses on (...)
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  29. Philippe Huneman (unknown). Kant's Critique Of Leibnizian Theory Of Organisms: An Unnoticed Cornerstone For Criticism? Yeditepe'de Felsefe (Philosophy at Yeditepe) 4.
     
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  30.  24
    Philippe Huneman & Frédéric Bouchard, From Groups to Individuals. New Issues in Biological Individuality.
    Our intuitive assumption that only organisms are the real individuals in the natural world is at odds with developments in cell biology, ecology, genetics, evolutionary biology, and other fields. Although organisms have served for centuries as nature's paradigmatic individuals, science suggests that organisms are only one of the many ways in which the natural world could be organized. When living beings work together--as in ant colonies, beehives, and bacteria-metazoan symbiosis--new collective individuals can emerge. In this book, leading scholars consider the (...)
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  31.  22
    Philippe Huneman & Thomas Heams, Handbook of Evolutionary Thinking in the Sciences.
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  32.  10
    Philippe Huneman (2012). Computer Science Meets Evolutionary Biology: Pure Possible Processes and the Issue of Gradualism. In Torres Juan, Pombo Olga, Symons John & Rahman Shahid (eds.), Special Sciences and the Unity of Science. Springer 137--162.
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  33.  7
    Philippe Huneman, Review Of: Biological Emergences. Evolution by Natural Experiment. [REVIEW]
    This extensive book may be the most complete synthesis of various criticisms of neo-Darwinian ideas stemming from distinct research traditions that, although steeped in the past, have received new attention in the last decade. The criticisms are used to build an alternative to neo-Darwinism by contesting its core claim; that is, natural selection is the cause of evolution.
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  34.  2
    Philippe Huneman (2006). Naturalising Purpose: From Comparative Anatomy to the ‘Adventure of Reason’. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (4):649-674.
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  35.  2
    Philippe Huneman (2014). Purposiveness, Necessity, and Contingency. In Eric Watkins & Ina Goy (eds.), Kant's Theory of Biology. De Gruyter 185-202.
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  36.  20
    Philippe Huneman, Emergence Made Ontological ? Computational Vs. Combinatorial Approaches.
    This paper challenges the usual approach of emergence in terms of properties of wholes “emerging” upon properties of parts (“combinatorial approach”). I show that this approach mostly fails to face the requirement of non triviality, since it makes a whole bunch of ordinary properties emergent. As most of authors recognize, this meaning of emergence is mostly epistemological. On the contrary, by defining emergence as the incompressibility of a simulation process, we come up with an objective meaning of emergence since I (...)
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  37.  4
    Philippe Huneman (2011). Natural Sciences. In Alan Woods & Susan Hahn (eds.), The Cambridge History of 19th century philosophy. Cambridge University Press
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  38.  5
    Ellen Clarke, Jennifer Fewell, Andy Gardner, Matt Haber, Andrew Hamilton, Philippe Huneman & Thomas Pradeu (2013). Frédéric Bouchard Département de Philosophie, Université de Montreal & Centre interuniversitaire. In Philippe Huneman & Frédéric Bouchard (eds.), From Groups to Individuals. Evolution and Emerging Individuality. MIT Press 265.
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  39.  2
    Philippe Huneman (2008). Montpellier Vitalism and the Emergence of Alienism in France : The Case of the Passions. Science in Context 21 (4):615.
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  40.  7
    Philippe Huneman, Possibility, Necessity and Purposiveness: The Metaphysical Novelties in the Critique of Judgement.
  41.  1
    Philippe Huneman, Adaptation and Multilevel Selection: What Does the Evolutionary Transitions Program Tell Us?
  42.  3
    Philippe Huneman, The Hermeneutic Turn in Philosophy of Nature in the Nineteenth Century.
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  43.  2
    Philippe Huneman (2013). Adaptations in Transitions: How to Make Sense of Adaptation When. In Philippe Huneman & Frédéric Bouchard (eds.), From Groups to Individuals. Evolution and Emerging Individuality. MIT Press 141.
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  44.  2
    Philippe Huneman, Review of Bedau M. And Humphreys P. (Eds.), Emergence. Contemporary Readings, MIT Press, 2008. [REVIEW]
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  45.  1
    Philippe Huneman (2009). L'individualité biologique et la mort. Philosophie 102 (2):63.
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  46.  1
    Philippe Huneman, Robustness and the Genotype Phenotype Maps.
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  47.  1
    Philippe Huneman (2002). Critique et dialectique. Philosophie 75 (3):50.
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  48.  1
    Philippe Huneman, Ernst Mayr's Major Concepts and Their Fate in the Philosophy of Biology.
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  49. Philippe Huneman (2013). Écrire le cas? Pinel aliéniste. Philosophie 120 (4):67.
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  50. Philippe Huneman, Hermeneutics of Nature: A Framework for Understanding the Philosophy of Nature.
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