Search results for 'Philosophical behaviorism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  24
    Mark Crooks (2004). The Last Philosophical Behaviorist: Content and Consciousness Explained Away. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 24 (1):50-121.
    Rejoinders to Robert Bishop, John Smythies, and Edmond Wright concerning my paper Phenomenology in Absentia: Dennett's Philosophy of Mind. The untoward social and moral consequences of Daniel Dennett's heterophenomenology are documented. Rhetorical methodology, fallacious reasoning, and lack of empirical support for a philosophical abolition of consciousness and phenomenology are exposed. Consciousness denial by Dennett is shown to proceed by the same fallacious method involved in his phenomenological nihilism. Additional arguments are adduced against the presumed nonexistence of veridical and non-veridical (...)
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  2. Michael Martin (1981). A Note on Ontological, Methodological and Philosophical Behaviorism. Behaviorism 9 (2):241-242.
     
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  3. Bruce A. Thyer (ed.) (1999). The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism is the first book to describe the unique contributions of a behavioral perspective to the major issues of philosophy. Leading behavioral philosophers and psychologists have contributed chapters on: the origins of behaviorism as a philosophy of science; the basic principles of behaviorism; ontology; epistemology; values and ethics; free will, determinism and self-control; and language and verbal behavior. A concluding chapter provides an overview of some scholarly criticisms of behavioral philosophy. Far from (...)
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  4. Frank Diehl (1934). An Historical and Critical Study of Radical Behaviorism as a Philosophical Doctrine. Baltimore.
     
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  5.  3
    Brenda Munsey Mapel (1977). Philosophical Criticism of Behaviorism: An Analysis. Behaviorism 5 (1):17-32.
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  6.  6
    Andrew Backe (2000). Book Review:The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism Bruce A. Thyer. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 67 (3):546-.
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  7.  52
    Paul A. Weiss (1942). Cosmic Behaviorism. Philosophical Review 51 (July):345-356.
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  8.  3
    Erik Gotlind (1958). Three Theories Of Emotion: Some Views On Philosophical Method. Lund,: Gleerup.
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  9. Hanoch Ben-Yami (2005). Behaviorism and Psychologism: Why Block's Argument Against Behaviorism is Unsound. Philosophical Psychology 18 (2):179-186.
    Ned Block ((1981). Psychologism and behaviorism. Philosophical Review, 90, 5-43.) argued that a behaviorist conception of intelligence is mistaken, and that the nature of an agent's internal processes is relevant for determining whether the agent has intelligence. He did that by describing a machine which lacks intelligence, yet can answer questions put to it as an intelligent person would. The nature of his machine's internal processes, he concluded, is relevant for determining that it lacks intelligence. I argue (...)
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  10. Howard Rachlin (1994). Behavior and Mind: The Roots of Modern Psychology. Oxford University Press.
    This book attempts to synthesize two apparently contradictory views of psychology: as the science of internal mental mechanisms and as the science of complex external behavior. Most books in the psychology and philosophy of mind reject one approach while championing the other, but Rachlin argues that the two approaches are complementary rather than contradictory. Rejection of either involves disregarding vast sources of information vital to solving pressing human problems--in the areas of addiction, mental illness, education, crime, and decision-making, to name (...)
     
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  11. David M. Armstrong (1968). A Materialist Theory of the Mind. Routledge.
    This classic work of recent philosophy was first published in 1968, and remains the most compelling and comprehensive statement of the view that the mind is material or physical. In A Materialist Theory of the Mind , D. M. Armstrong provided insight into the debate surrounding the relationship of the mind and body. He put forth a detailed materialist account of all the main mental phenomena, including perception, sensation, belief, the will, introspection, mental images, and consciousness. This causal analysis of (...)
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  12.  24
    M. Moskopp Kurthen, Linke D. & Reuter D. B. (1991). The Locked-in Syndrome and the Behaviorist Epistemology of Other Minds. Theoretical Medicine 12 (March):69-79.
    In this paper, the problem of correct ascriptions of consciousness to patients in neurological intensive care medicine is explored as a special case of the general philosophical other minds problem. It is argued that although clinical ascriptions of consciousness and coma are mostly based on behavioral evidence, a behaviorist epistemology of other minds is not likely to succeed. To illustrate this, the so-called total locked-in syndrome, in which preserved consciousness is combined with a total loss of motor abilities due (...)
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  13.  5
    David L. Boyer (1985). True Christians and Straw Behaviorists: Remarks on Hocutt. Behaviorism 13 (2):163-170.
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  14.  4
    William A. Rottschaefer (1983). Operant Learning and the Scientific and Philosophical Foundations of Behavior Therapy. Behaviorism 11 (2):155-161.
    The continuing and expanding successes of behavior therapy in the treatment of psychological problems raise important questions about their scientific and philosophical bases. In this paper I examine the claims of Edward Erwin that behaviorism cannot provide an adequate philosophical basis for behavior therapy, contemporary learning theories which exclude cognitive factors as causes of behavior cannot provide an adequate empirical basis for behavior therapy; and learning theories have played only a heuristic role in the development of behavior (...)
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  15.  69
    Scott Soames (2007). What We Know Now That We Didn't Know Then: Reply to Critics of the Age of Meaning. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 135 (3):461 - 478.
    Author’s response to critical essays by Brian Weatherson, Alex Byrne, and Stephen Yablo on Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, Volume 2 The Age of Meaning.
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  16.  6
    William Asher (1989). Some Theoretical & Philosophical Aspects of Educational Psychology. Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 9 (2):44-47.
    The author was invited to discuss "the extent and character of the theoretical and philosophical aspects" of educational psychology. His own work in educational psychology, however, is concerned primarily with research methodology, measurement, and statistical analyses as applied in educational research methods, and his major tie to philosophy has been in the philosophy of science. Therefore, he touches on topics such as behaviorism, logical positivism, cause-and-effect relationships, objectivity and subjectivity, relationships among variables, and Evolutionary Critical-Realism. 2012 APA, all (...)
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  17. Leslie Forster Stevenson (ed.) (2000). The Study of Human Nature: A Reader. Oxford University Press.
    The second edition of this exceptional anthology provides an introduction to a wide variety of views on human nature. Drawing from diverse cultures over three millennia, Leslie Stevenson has chosen selections ranging from ancient religious texts to contemporary theories based on evolutionary science. An ideal companion to the editor's recent book, Ten Theories of Human Nature, 3/e (OUP, 1998), this interdisciplinary reader can also be used independently. The Study of Human Nature, 2/e offers substantial selections illustrating the ten perspectives discussed (...)
     
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  18.  37
    Ludwig Wittgenstein (1975/1980). Philosophical Remarks. University of Chicago Press.
    When in May 1930, the Council of Trinity College, Cambridge, had to decide whether to renew Wittgenstein's research grant, it turned to Bertrand Russell for an assessment of the work Wittgenstein had been doing over the past year. His verdict: "The theories contained in this new work . . . are novel, very original and indubitably important. Whether they are true, I do not know. As a logician who likes simplicity, I should like to think that they are not, but (...)
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  19.  96
    Fred A. Keijzer (2005). Theoretical Behaviorism Meets Embodied Cognition: Two Theoretical Analyses of Behavior. Philosophical Psychology 18 (1):123-143.
    This paper aims to do three things: First, to provide a review of John Staddon's book Adaptive dynamics: The theoretical analysis of behavior. Second, to compare Staddon's behaviorist view with current ideas on embodied cognition. Third, to use this comparison to explicate some outlines for a theoretical analysis of behavior that could be useful as a behavioral foundation for cognitive phenomena. Staddon earlier defended a theoretical behaviorism, which allows internal states in its models but keeps these to a minimum (...)
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  20.  15
    Matthew Burstein (2010). Epistemological Behaviorism, Nonconceptual Content, and the Given. Contemporary Pragmatism 7 (1):168-89.
    Debates about nonconceptual content impact many philosophical disciplines, including philosophy of mind, epistemology, and philosophy of language. However, arguments made by many philosophers from within the pragmatist tradition, including Quine, Sellars, Davidson, Rorty, and Putnam, undercut the very role such content purportedly plays. I explore how specifically Sellarsian arguments against the Given and Rortian defenses of “epistemological behaviorism” undermine standard conceptions of nonconceptual content. Subsequently, I show that the standard objections to epistemological behaviorism inadequately attend to the (...)
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  21.  11
    Stuart C. Brown (ed.) (1974). Philosophy Of Psychology. London,: Macmillan.
  22.  4
    Roger Schnaitter (1999). Some Criticisms of Behaviorism. In Bruce A. Thyer (ed.), The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism. Kluwer Academic Publishers 209--249.
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  23.  14
    Gordon R. Foxall (2007). Intentional Behaviorism. Behavior and Philosophy 35:1 - 55.
    Two of the leading contenders to explain behavior are radical behaviorism and intentionality: an account that seeks to confine itself to descriptions of response–environment correlations and one that employs the language of beliefs and desires to explicate its subject matter. While each claims an exclusive right to undertake this task, this paper argues that neither can be eliminated from a complete explanatory account of human behavior. The behavior analysis derived from radical behaviorism is generally sufficient for the prediction (...)
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  24.  2
    Jay Moore (1999). The Basic Principles of Behaviorism. In Bruce A. Thyer (ed.), The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism. Kluwer Academic Publishers 41--68.
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  25.  8
    Richard F. Kitchener (2004). Bertrand Russell's Flirtation with Behaviorism. Behavior and Philosophy 32 (2):273 - 291.
    Although numerous aspects of Bertrand Russell's philosophical views have been discussed, his views about the nature of the mind and the place of psychology within modern science have received less attention. In particular, there has been little discussion of what I will call "Russell's flirtation with behaviorism." Although some individuals have mentioned this phase in Russell's philosophical career, they have not adequately situated it within Russell's changing philosophical views, in particular, his naturalistic epistemology. I briefly discuss (...)
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  26. Steven C. Hayes, Kelly G. Wilson & Elizabeth V. Gifford (1999). The Birth of Behaviorism and the Elimination of Introspection. In Bruce A. Thyer (ed.), The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism. Kluwer Academic Publishers 153.
     
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  27. J. Moore (2005). Some Historical and Conceptual Background to the Development of BF Skinner's Radical Behaviorism. Part 1. Journal of Mind and Behavior 26 (1-2):65-93.
    The present article is the first in a series of three that outlines the historical and conceptual background of B.F. Skinner’s radical behaviorism. The series seeks to identify milestones in the development of Skinner’s position, as well as assess the impact of particular factors and events on Skinner himself. Of special interest in this article are the biographical details of Skinner’s life between June, 1926, when he received his undergraduate degree, and September, 1928, when he entered graduate school. The (...)
     
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  28.  6
    Max O. Hocutt (1986). Witches and Behaviorists: A Reply to Robinson and Boyer. Behaviorism 14 (1):97-101.
    Philosophical critics standardly read behaviorism as a program for defining the concepts of folk psychology in equivalent behavioral terms. This is a misreading. Behaviorism is a program for getting rid of ill-defined mentalistic terms in favor of better defined behavioral idiom. In short, it is a program not for conceptual analysis but for verbal reform. Therefore, criticizing behaviorists for failing to define mentalistic concepts is like criticizing opponents of the Spanish Inquisition for failing to define witchcraft.
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  29. Ned Block (1981). Psychologism and Behaviorism. Philosophical Review 90 (1):5-43.
    Let psychologism be the doctrine that whether behavior is intelligent behavior depends on the character of the internal information processing that produces it. More specifically, I mean psychologism to involve the doctrine that two systems could have actual and potential behavior _typical_ of familiar intelligent beings, that the two systems could be exactly alike in their actual and potential behavior, and in their behavioral dispositions and capacities and counterfactual behavioral properties (i.e., what behaviors, behavioral dispositions, and behavioral capacities they would (...)
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  30.  22
    Willard V. Quine (1980). Sellars on Behaviorism, Language, and Meaning. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 61 (January-April):26-30.
    Accession Number: WOS:A1980JY66900002 Document Type: Article Language: English Reprint Address: QUINE, WV (reprint author), HARVARD UNIV,CAMBRIDGE,MA 02138 Publisher: BLACKWELL PUBL LTD, 108 COWLEY RD, OXFORD, OXON, ENGLAND OX4 1JF Web of Science Category: Philosophy Subject Category: Philosophy IDS Number: JY669 ISSN: 0031-5621.
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  31.  52
    Frederick V. Smith (1959). Psychological Concepts and Linguistic Restraints. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 10 (November):223-227.
  32.  47
    Owen J. Flanagan & T. McCreadie-Albright (1974). Malcolm and the Fallacy of Behaviorism. Philosophical Studies 26 (December):425-30.
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  33.  6
    Alfred C. Ewing (1945). Are Mental Attributes Attributes of the Body? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 45:27-58.
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  34. Houghton Dalrymple (1977). Some Logical Muddles in Behaviorism. Southwestern Philosophical Studies 2 (April):64-72.
     
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  35. C. A. Mace (1949). Some Implications of Analytical Behaviourism. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 49:1-16.
  36. Leslie Forster Stevenson (ed.) (1981). The Study of Human Nature: Readings. Oxford University Press.
     
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  37.  54
    Robert Kirk (1994). Raw Feeling: A Philosophical Account of the Essence of Consciousness. Oxford University Press.
    Robert Kirk uses the notion of "raw feeling" to bridge the intelligibility gap between our knowledge of ourselves as physical organisms and our knowledge of ..
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  38.  64
    C. Chihara & Jerry A. Fodor (1965). Operationalism and Ordinary Language: A Critique of Wittgenstein. American Philosophical Quarterly 2 (October):281-95.
    This paper explores some lines of argument in wittgenstein's post-Tractatus writings in order to indicate the relations between wittgenstein's philosophical psychology, On the one hand, And his philosophy of language, His epistemology, And his doctrines about the nature of philosophical analysis on the other. The authors maintain that the later writings of wittgenstein express a coherent doctrine in which an operationalistic analysis of confirmation and language supports a philosophical psychology of a type the authors call "logical (...)." they also maintain that there are good grounds for rejecting the philosophical theory implicit in wittgenstein's later works. In particular, They first argue that wittgenstein's position leads to some implausible conclusions concerning the nature of language and psychology; second, They maintain that the arguments wittgenstein provides are inconclusive; and third, They sketch an alternative position which they believe avoids many of the difficulties implicit in wittgenstein's philosophy. (shrink)
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  39.  5
    Andrew Ward (1989). Philosophical Functionalism: A Reply to Double. Behaviorism 17 (2):155-158.
    In his recent article "The Computational Model of the Mind and Philosophical Functionalism," Richard Double argues that there are some fairly forceful a priori arguments showing that Philosophical Functionalism cannot provide adequate explanations for phenomenal states, the nonphenomenal conscious states of common sense, and the theoretical states of cognitive psychology and linquistics. In this paper it is argued that none of Double's arguments are successful.
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  40.  13
    Stephen C. Yanchar (1998). Review of Behavior and Personality: Psychological Behaviorism. [REVIEW] Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 18 (1):61-69.
    Reviews the book, Behavior and personality: Psychological behaviorism by Arthur W. Staats . Staats' latest book provides a brief introduction to his philosophy of science known as unified positivism and a comprehensive review of his specific theory known as psychological behaviorism . Readers unfamiliar with Staats' work can, through this book, become acquainted with his earnest, if not somewhat totalitarian, strategy for uniting psychology under a single theoretical framework. Although Staats' earlier publications provide a more clear and accessible (...)
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  41.  12
    Jay Moore (1989). Why Methodological Behaviorism is Mentalistic. Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 9 (2):20-27.
    To be familiar with Skinner's radical behaviorism is to be familiar with its objections to both methodological behaviorism and mentalism. However, the relation between methodological behaviorism and mentalism is often not clear. Methodological behaviorism is generally held to be an attempt to explain behavior in terms of inter subjectively verifiable phenomena, whereas mentalism is generally held to be an attempt to explain behavior in terms of inner causes. The central issue is why does methodological behaviorism (...)
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  42.  5
    Earl S. Hishinuma (1998). Pre-Unified Separatism and Rapprochement Between Behaviorism and Cognitive Psychology: The Case of the Reinforcer. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 18 (1):1-15.
    Psychology is in a preparadigmatic or pre-unified stage of scientific development. Two characteristics of psychology's status are: lack of cumulative scientific growth and experimental-theoretical overgeneralization. The reinforcer, as a construct in theories and as a critical element of behavioral change, has been a casualty of the separatism between such factions as radical behaviorism and cognitive psychology. In the end, psychology as a progressive science has been impeded, and psychological practitioners have been left to use intervention techniques that are not (...)
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  43.  1
    Warren W. Tryon (1986). The Convergence of Cognitive Behaviorism and Ego-Psychology. Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 6 (2):90-97.
    This article begins by detailing central ego-psychological concepts. The next section documents the convergence of cognitive behaviorism on these earlier contributions. The third section indicates likely possibilities for future developments in cognitive behaviorism that will enhance congruence with ego-psychology. 2012 APA, all rights reserved).
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  44. André Kukla & Joel Walmsley (2006). Mind: A Historical and Philosophical Introduction to the Major Theories. Indianapolis: Hackett Pub.
     
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  45. Stephen LeDoux (1993). About Behaviorology: An Introduction to the Incompatible Paradigms and Historical and Philosophical Developments Among Disciplines Addressing the Behavior of Individuals. Abcs.
     
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  46. Norman Malcolm (1980). `Functionalism' in Philosophical Psychology. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 80:211-30.
     
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  47. Henryk Misiak (1961). The Philosophical Roots Of Scientific Psychology. Fordham University Press.
  48. Terry L. Smith (1994). Behavior and its Causes Philosophical Foundations of Operant Psychology.
     
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  49. Andrew Ward (1989). Philosophical Functionalism. Behaviorism 17 (2):155-8.
    In his recent article "The Computational Model of the Mind and Philosophical Functionalism," Richard Double argues that there are some fairly forceful a priori arguments showing that Philosophical Functionalism cannot provide adequate explanations for phenomenal states, the nonphenomenal conscious states of common sense, and the theoretical states of cognitive psychology and linquistics. In this paper it is argued that none of Double's arguments are successful.
     
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  50.  4
    Thomas Storer (1948). The Philosophical Relevance of a "Behavioristic Semiotic". Philosophy of Science 15 (4):316-330.
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