Search results for 'Philosophical behaviorism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Bruce A. Thyer (ed.) (1999). The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism. Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 108.0
    The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism is the first book to describe the unique contributions of a behavioral perspective to the major issues of philosophy. Leading behavioral philosophers and psychologists have contributed chapters on: the origins of behaviorism as a philosophy of science; the basic principles of behaviorism; ontology; epistemology; values and ethics; free will, determinism and self-control; and language and verbal behavior. A concluding chapter provides an overview of some scholarly criticisms of behavioral philosophy. Far from (...)
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  2. Mark Crooks (2004). The Last Philosophical Behaviorist: Content and Consciousness Explained Away. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 24 (1):50-121.score: 96.0
  3. Frank Diehl (1934). An Historical and Critical Study of Radical Behaviorism as a Philosophical Doctrine. Baltimore.score: 84.0
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  4. Paul A. Weiss (1942). Cosmic Behaviorism. Philosophical Review 51 (July):345-356.score: 72.0
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  5. Andrew Backe (2000). Book Review:The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism Bruce A. Thyer. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 67 (3):546-.score: 72.0
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  6. Erik Gotlind (1958). Three Theories Of Emotion: Some Views On Philosophical Method. Lund,: Gleerup.score: 72.0
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  7. Howard Rachlin (1994). Behavior and Mind: The Roots of Modern Psychology. Oxford University Press.score: 62.0
    This book attempts to synthesize two apparently contradictory views of psychology: as the science of internal mental mechanisms and as the science of complex external behavior. Most books in the psychology and philosophy of mind reject one approach while championing the other, but Rachlin argues that the two approaches are complementary rather than contradictory. Rejection of either involves disregarding vast sources of information vital to solving pressing human problems--in the areas of addiction, mental illness, education, crime, and decision-making, to name (...)
     
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  8. Hanoch Ben-Yami (2005). Behaviorism and Psychologism: Why Block's Argument Against Behaviorism is Unsound. Philosophical Psychology 18 (2):179-186.score: 60.0
    Ned Block ((1981). Psychologism and behaviorism. Philosophical Review, 90, 5-43.) argued that a behaviorist conception of intelligence is mistaken, and that the nature of an agent's internal processes is relevant for determining whether the agent has intelligence. He did that by describing a machine which lacks intelligence, yet can answer questions put to it as an intelligent person would. The nature of his machine's internal processes, he concluded, is relevant for determining that it lacks intelligence. I argue (...)
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  9. Scott Soames (2007). What We Know Now That We Didn't Know Then: Reply to Critics of the Age of Meaning. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 135 (3):461 - 478.score: 60.0
    Author’s response to critical essays by Brian Weatherson, Alex Byrne, and Stephen Yablo on Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, Volume 2 The Age of Meaning.
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  10. David L. Boyer (1985). True Christians and Straw Behaviorists: Remarks on Hocutt. Behaviorism 13 (2):163-170.score: 60.0
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  11. Leslie Forster Stevenson (ed.) (2000). The Study of Human Nature: A Reader. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    The second edition of this exceptional anthology provides an introduction to a wide variety of views on human nature. Drawing from diverse cultures over three millennia, Leslie Stevenson has chosen selections ranging from ancient religious texts to contemporary theories based on evolutionary science. An ideal companion to the editor's recent book, Ten Theories of Human Nature, 3/e (OUP, 1998), this interdisciplinary reader can also be used independently. The Study of Human Nature, 2/e offers substantial selections illustrating the ten perspectives discussed (...)
     
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  12. M. Moskopp Kurthen, Linke D. & Reuter D. B. (1991). The Locked-in Syndrome and the Behaviorist Epistemology of Other Minds. Theoretical Medicine 12 (March):69-79.score: 54.0
    In this paper, the problem of correct ascriptions of consciousness to patients in neurological intensive care medicine is explored as a special case of the general philosophical other minds problem. It is argued that although clinical ascriptions of consciousness and coma are mostly based on behavioral evidence, a behaviorist epistemology of other minds is not likely to succeed. To illustrate this, the so-called total locked-in syndrome, in which preserved consciousness is combined with a total loss of motor abilities due (...)
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  13. Stuart C. Brown (ed.) (1974). Philosophy Of Psychology. London,: Macmillan.score: 54.0
  14. David M. Armstrong (1968). A Materialist Theory of the Mind. Routledge.score: 48.0
    This classic work of recent philosophy was first published in 1968, and remains the most compelling and comprehensive statement of the view that the mind is material or physical. In A Materialist Theory of the Mind , D. M. Armstrong provided insight into the debate surrounding the relationship of the mind and body. He put forth a detailed materialist account of all the main mental phenomena, including perception, sensation, belief, the will, introspection, mental images, and consciousness. This causal analysis of (...)
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  15. Ludwig Wittgenstein (1975/1980). Philosophical Remarks. University of Chicago Press.score: 48.0
    When in May 1930, the Council of Trinity College, Cambridge, had to decide whether to renew Wittgenstein's research grant, it turned to Bertrand Russell for an assessment of the work Wittgenstein had been doing over the past year. His verdict: "The theories contained in this new work . . . are novel, very original and indubitably important. Whether they are true, I do not know. As a logician who likes simplicity, I should like to think that they are not, but (...)
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  16. Frederick V. Smith (1959). Psychological Concepts and Linguistic Restraints. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 10 (November):223-227.score: 48.0
  17. Alfred C. Ewing (1945). Are Mental Attributes Attributes of the Body? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 45:27-58.score: 48.0
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  18. C. A. Mace (1949). Some Implications of Analytical Behaviourism. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 49:1-16.score: 48.0
     
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  19. Leslie Forster Stevenson (ed.) (1981). The Study of Human Nature: Readings. Oxford University Press.score: 48.0
     
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  20. Fred A. Keijzer (2005). Theoretical Behaviorism Meets Embodied Cognition: Two Theoretical Analyses of Behavior. Philosophical Psychology 18 (1):123-143.score: 42.0
    This paper aims to do three things: First, to provide a review of John Staddon's book Adaptive dynamics: The theoretical analysis of behavior. Second, to compare Staddon's behaviorist view with current ideas on embodied cognition. Third, to use this comparison to explicate some outlines for a theoretical analysis of behavior that could be useful as a behavioral foundation for cognitive phenomena. Staddon earlier defended a theoretical behaviorism, which allows internal states in its models but keeps these to a minimum (...)
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  21. C. Chihara & Jerry A. Fodor (1965). Operationalism and Ordinary Language: A Critique of Wittgenstein. American Philosophical Quarterly 2 (October):281-95.score: 42.0
    This paper explores some lines of argument in wittgenstein's post-Tractatus writings in order to indicate the relations between wittgenstein's philosophical psychology, On the one hand, And his philosophy of language, His epistemology, And his doctrines about the nature of philosophical analysis on the other. The authors maintain that the later writings of wittgenstein express a coherent doctrine in which an operationalistic analysis of confirmation and language supports a philosophical psychology of a type the authors call "logical (...)." they also maintain that there are good grounds for rejecting the philosophical theory implicit in wittgenstein's later works. In particular, They first argue that wittgenstein's position leads to some implausible conclusions concerning the nature of language and psychology; second, They maintain that the arguments wittgenstein provides are inconclusive; and third, They sketch an alternative position which they believe avoids many of the difficulties implicit in wittgenstein's philosophy. (shrink)
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  22. Gordon R. Foxall (2007). Intentional Behaviorism. Behavior and Philosophy 35:1 - 55.score: 42.0
    Two of the leading contenders to explain behavior are radical behaviorism and intentionality: an account that seeks to confine itself to descriptions of response–environment correlations and one that employs the language of beliefs and desires to explicate its subject matter. While each claims an exclusive right to undertake this task, this paper argues that neither can be eliminated from a complete explanatory account of human behavior. The behavior analysis derived from radical behaviorism is generally sufficient for the prediction (...)
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  23. Richard F. Kitchener (2004). Bertrand Russell's Flirtation with Behaviorism. Behavior and Philosophy 32 (2):273 - 291.score: 42.0
    Although numerous aspects of Bertrand Russell's philosophical views have been discussed, his views about the nature of the mind and the place of psychology within modern science have received less attention. In particular, there has been little discussion of what I will call "Russell's flirtation with behaviorism." Although some individuals have mentioned this phase in Russell's philosophical career, they have not adequately situated it within Russell's changing philosophical views, in particular, his naturalistic epistemology. I briefly discuss (...)
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  24. Steven C. Hayes, Kelly G. Wilson & Elizabeth V. Gifford (1999). The Birth of Behaviorism and the Elimination of Introspection. In Bruce A. Thyer (ed.), The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 153.score: 42.0
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  25. Jay Moore (1999). The Basic Principles of Behaviorism. In. In Bruce A. Thyer (ed.), The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 41--68.score: 42.0
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  26. Roger Schnaitter (1999). Some Criticisms of Behaviorism. In. In Bruce A. Thyer (ed.), The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 209--249.score: 42.0
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  27. Ned Block (1981). Psychologism and Behaviorism. Philosophical Review 90 (1):5-43.score: 36.0
    Let psychologism be the doctrine that whether behavior is intelligent behavior depends on the character of the internal information processing that produces it. More specifically, I mean psychologism to involve the doctrine that two systems could have actual and potential behavior _typical_ of familiar intelligent beings, that the two systems could be exactly alike in their actual and potential behavior, and in their behavioral dispositions and capacities and counterfactual behavioral properties (i.e., what behaviors, behavioral dispositions, and behavioral capacities they would (...)
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  28. Søren Overgaard (2004). Exposing the Conjuring Trick: Wittgenstein on Subjectivity. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (3):263-286.score: 36.0
    Since the publication of the Philosophical Investigations in 1953, Wittgenstein''s later philosophy of mind has been the subject of numerous books and articles. Although most commentators agree that Wittgenstein was neither a behaviorist nor a Cartesian dualist, many continue to ascribe to him a position that strongly resembles one of the alternatives. In contrast, this paper argues that Wittgenstein was strongly opposed to behaviorism and Cartesianism, and that he was concerned to show that these positions implicitly share a (...)
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  29. Owen J. Flanagan & T. McCreadie-Albright (1974). Malcolm and the Fallacy of Behaviorism. Philosophical Studies 26 (December):425-30.score: 36.0
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  30. Willard V. Quine (1980). Sellars on Behaviorism, Language, and Meaning. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 61 (January-April):26-30.score: 36.0
    Accession Number: WOS:A1980JY66900002 Document Type: Article Language: English Reprint Address: QUINE, WV (reprint author), HARVARD UNIV,CAMBRIDGE,MA 02138 Publisher: BLACKWELL PUBL LTD, 108 COWLEY RD, OXFORD, OXON, ENGLAND OX4 1JF Web of Science Category: Philosophy Subject Category: Philosophy IDS Number: JY669 ISSN: 0031-5621.
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  31. Houghton Dalrymple (1977). Some Logical Muddles in Behaviorism. Southwestern Philosophical Studies 2 (April):64-72.score: 36.0
     
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  32. Robert Kirk (1994). Raw Feeling: A Philosophical Account of the Essence of Consciousness. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    Robert Kirk uses the notion of "raw feeling" to bridge the intelligibility gap between our knowledge of ourselves as physical organisms and our knowledge of ...
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  33. H. G. Callaway (1993). Review of Evnine, Donald Davidson. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 43 (October):555-560.score: 30.0
    Tracing the background of Davidson’s work in the positivists’ philosophical emigration of the 30’s and in Quine, Evnine’s “Introduction” offers a “map of the terrain to be covered” which stresses the “rationalistic” character of Davidson’s views on holism and rationality. Thus, “his main philosophical concerns ... language, the mental and action...are the ingredients of a philosophical anthropology.” In spite of Quinean roots, the view is that “Davidson has now wholly removed himself, philosophically speaking, from the empiricist tradition.” (...)
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  34. Charles Chihara (1973). Operationalism and Ordinary Language Revisited. Philosophical Studies 24 (3):137 - 157.score: 30.0
    In "human beings", "studies in the philosophy of wittgenstein" (ed. By p winch), J cook presents a radical solution to the problem of other minds and then suggests that this treatment of the problem is to be found in the writings of wittgenstein. According to cook's interpretation, Wittgenstein's analysis of the problem does not involve in any essential way any special doctrines about criteria, Nor does it commit him to any form of behaviorism. In the course of arguing these (...)
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  35. André Kukla & Joel Walmsley (2006). Mind: A Historical and Philosophical Introduction to the Major Theories. Indianapolis: Hackett Pub.score: 30.0
     
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  36. Stephen LeDoux (1993). About Behaviorology: An Introduction to the Incompatible Paradigms and Historical and Philosophical Developments Among Disciplines Addressing the Behavior of Individuals. Abcs.score: 30.0
     
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  37. Norman Malcolm (1980). `Functionalism' in Philosophical Psychology. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 80:211-30.score: 30.0
     
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  38. Henryk Misiak (1961). The Philosophical Roots Of Scientific Psychology. Fordham University Press.score: 30.0
  39. Duane M. Rumbaugh (1997). The Psychology of Harry F. Harlow: A Bridge From Radical to Rational Behaviorism. Philosophical Psychology 10 (2):197 – 210.score: 26.0
    Harry Harlow is credited with the discovery of learning set, a process whereby problem solving becomes essentially complete in a single trial of training. Harlow described that process as one that freed his primates from arduous trial-and-error learning. The capacity of the learner to acquire learning sets was in positive association with the complexity and maturation of their brains. It is here argued that Harlow's successful conveyance of learning-set phenomena is of historic significance to the philosophy of psychology. Learning set (...)
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  40. Amy Kind, Imagery and Imagination. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 24.0
    Both imagery and imagination play an important part in our mental lives. This article, which has three main sections, discusses both of these phenomena, and the connection between them. The first part discusses mental images and, in particular, the dispute about their representational nature that has become known as the _imagery debate_ . The second part turns to the faculty of the imagination, discussing the long philosophical tradition linking mental imagery and the imagination—a tradition that came under attack in (...)
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  41. Gary Hatfield (2002). Psychology, Philosophy, and Cognitive Science: Reflections on the History and Philosophy of Experimental Psychology. Mind and Language 17 (3):207-232.score: 24.0
    This article critically examines the views that psychology ?rst came into existence as a discipline ca. 1879, that philosophy and psychology were estranged in the ensuing decades, that psychology ?nally became scienti?c through the in?uence of logical empiricism, and that it should now disappear in favor of cognitive science and neuroscience. It argues that psychology had a natural philosophical phase (from antiquity) that waxed in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, that this psychology transformed into experimental psychology ca. 1900, that (...)
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  42. Mitchell Aboulafia, George Herbert Mead. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 24.0
    George Herbert Mead (1863-1931), American philosopher and social theorist, is often classed with William James, Charles Sanders Peirce, and John Dewey as one of the most significant figures in classical American pragmatism. Dewey referred to Mead as “a seminal mind of the very first order” (Dewey, 1932, xl). Yet by the middle of the twentieth-century, Mead's prestige was greatest outside of professional philosophical circles. He is considered by many to be the father of the school of Symbolic Interactionism in (...)
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  43. H. G. Callaway (2008). Meaning Without Analyticity: Essays on Logic, Language and Meaning. Cambridge Scholars.score: 24.0
    Meaning without Analyticity draws upon the author’s essays and articles, over a period of 20 years, focused on language, logic and meaning. The book explores the prospect of a non-behavioristic theory of cognitive meaning which rejects the analytic-synthetic distinction, Quinean behaviorism, and the logical and social-intellectual excesses of extreme holism. Cast in clear, perspicuous language and oriented to scientific discussions, this book takes up the challenges of philosophical communication and evaluation implicit in the recent revival of the pragmatist (...)
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  44. Charles E. M. Dunlop (1984). Wittgenstein on Sensation and 'Seeing-As'. Synthese 60 (September):349-368.score: 24.0
    This essay begins by providing a new account of wittgenstein's private language argument. Wittgenstein's rejection of a "cartesian" account of mind is examined, And it is argued that this rejection carries no commitment to behaviorism, Or to the view that sensation terms have public meanings and private references. Part ii of the essay attempts to forge a link between the two parts of the "philosophical investigations", By arguing that wittgenstein's discussion of "seeing-As" reinforces and illuminates his account of (...)
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  45. John Kaag (2009). Getting Under My Skin: William James on the Emotions, Sociality, and Transcendence. Zygon 44 (2):433-450.score: 24.0
    "You are really getting under my skin!" This exclamation suggests a series of psychological, philosophical, and metaphysical questions: What is the nature and development of human emotion? How does emotion arise in social interaction? To what extent can interactive situations shape our embodied selves and intensify particular affective states? With these questions in mind, William James begins to investigate the character of emotions and to develop a model of what he terms the social self. James's studies of mimicry and (...)
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  46. Gordon R. Foxall (1999). The Contextual Stance. Philosophical Psychology 12 (1):25-46.score: 24.0
    The contention that cognitive psychology and radical behaviorism yield equivalent accounts of decision making and problem solving is examined by contrasting a framework of cognitive interpretation, Dennett's intentional stance, with a corresponding interpretive stance derived from contextualism. The insistence of radical behaviorists that private events such as thoughts and feelings belong in a science of human behavior is indicted in view of their failure to provide a credible interpretation of complex human behavior. Dennett's interpretation of intentional systems is (...)
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  47. Richard F. Kitchener (2004). Logical Positivism, Naturalistic Epistemology, and the Foundations of Psychology. Behavior and Philosophy 32 (1):37 - 54.score: 24.0
    According to the standard account, logical positivism was the philosophical foundation of psychological neo-behaviorism. Smith (1986) has questioned this interpretation, suggesting that neo-behaviorism drew its philosophical inspiration from a different tradition, one more in keeping with naturalistic epistemology. Smith does not deny, however, the traditional interpretation of the philosophy of logical positivism, which sets it apart from naturalistic epistemology. In this article I suggest (following recent historical scholarship) that a more careful reading of the leading figure (...)
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  48. John O'Leary-Hawthorne (1994). Dennett's Logical Behaviorism. Philosophical Topics 22 (1/2):189-258.score: 24.0
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  49. Brian P. McLaughlin & John O'Leary-Hawthorne (1995). Dennett's Logical Behaviorism. Philosophical Topics 22 (1-2):189-258.score: 24.0
  50. Richard Thomas Eldridge (1997). Leading a Human Life: Wittgenstein, Intentionality, and Romanticism. University of Chicago Press.score: 24.0
    In this provocative new study, Richard Eldridge presents a highly original and compelling account of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations , one of the most enduring yet enigmatic works of the twentieth century. He does so by reading the text as a dramatization of what is perhaps life's central motivating struggle--the inescapable human need to pursue an ideal of expressive freedom within the difficult terms set by culture. Eldridge sees Wittgenstein as a Romantic protagonist, engaged in an ongoing internal dialogue over (...)
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