Search results for 'Philosophical method' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  45
    Havi Hannah Carel (2013). Illness, Phenomenology, and Philosophical Method. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (4):345-357.
    In this article, I propose that illness is philosophically revealing and can be used to explore human experience. I suggest that illness is a limit case of embodied experience. By pushing embodied experience to its limit, illness sheds light on normal experience, revealing its ordinary and thus overlooked structure. Illness produces a distancing effect, which allows us to observe normal human behavior and cognition via their pathological counterpart. I suggest that these characteristics warrant illness a philosophical role that has (...)
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  2.  9
    Kevin Patrick Tobia (2015). Philosophical Method and Intuitions as Assumptions. Metaphilosophy 46 (4-5):575-594.
    Many philosophers claim to employ intuitions in their philosophical arguments. Others contest that no such intuitions are used frequently or at all in philosophy. This article suggests and defends a conception of intuitions as part of the philosophical method: intuitions are special types of philosophical assumptions to which we are invited to assent, often as premises in argument, that may serve an independent function in philosophical argument and that are not formed through a purely inferential (...)
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  3.  15
    Reshef Agam-Segal (2015). Aspect-Perception as a Philosophical Method. Nordic Wittgenstein Review 4 (1):93-121.
    Inducing aspect-experiences – the sudden seeing of something anew, as when a face suddenly strikes us as familiar – can be used as a philosophical method. In seeing aspects, I argue, we let ourselves experience what it would be like to conceptualize something in a particular way, apart from any conceptual routine. We can use that experience to examine our ways of conceptualizing things, and re-evaluate the ways we make sense of them. I claim that we are not (...)
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  4.  33
    Nicholas Rescher (2013). Kant's Neoplatonism: Kant and Plato on Mathematical and Philosophical Method. Metaphilosophy 44 (1-2):69-78.
    Both Plato and Kant devote much attention and care to deliberating about their method of philosophizing. And, interestingly, both seek to expand and explain their view of philosophical method by one selfsame strategy: explaining the contrast between rational procedure in mathematics and in philosophy. Plato and Kant agree on a fundamental point of philosophical method that is at odds with the mathematico-demonstrative methodology of philosophy found in Spinoza and present in Christian Wolff. Both reject the (...)
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  5.  38
    Ann Garry (1995). A Minimally Decent Philosophical Method: Analytic Philosophy and Feminism. Hypatia 10 (3):7-30. [REVIEW] Hypatia 10 (3):7-30.
    This essay focuses on the extent to which the methods of analytic philosophy can be useful to feminist philosophers. I pose nine general questions feminist philosophers might ask to determine the suitability of a philosophical method. Examples include: Do its typical ways of formulating problems or issues encourage the inclusion of a wide variety of women's points of view? Are its central concepts gender-biased, not merely in their origin, but in very deep, continuing ways? Does it facilitate uncovering (...)
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  6. Chrysoula Gitsoulis (2007). The Moral Dimension of Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Method. Analysis and Metaphysics (Special Issue on Wittgenstein) 6:452-467.
    Wittgenstein wrote: 'Working in philosophy … is really more a working on oneself. On one's own interpretation. On one's own way of seeing things.' In what sense, for Wittgenstein, is work in philosophy 'work on oneself'? This paper will be devoted to answering this question, and to delineating the moral aspects of this work.
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  7.  45
    Avner Baz (2015). On Going Nowhere with Our Words: New Skepticism About the Philosophical Method of Cases. Philosophical Psychology 29 (1):64-83.
    The philosophicalmethod of cases” has been the subject of intense discussion. In a recent paper, Frank Jackson attempts to vindicate the method by proposing that it is underwritten by the “representational view of language.” Jackson's proposal is potentially very significant. For if it is true, then the method of cases stands, but quite possibly also falls, with the representational view of language as characterized by Jackson. The aim of this paper is to question the (...) method of cases by showing that it does in fact presuppose a particular view of language that is at the very least questionable, both philosophically and empirically. (shrink)
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  8. Ann Garry (1995). A Minimally Decent Philosophical Method? Analytic Philosophy and Feminism. Hypatia 10 (3):7-30.
    This essay focuses on the extent to which the methods of analytic philosophy can be useful to feminist philosophers. I pose nine general questions feminist philosophers might ask to determine the suitability of a philosophical method. Examples include: Do its typical ways of formulating problems or issues encourage the inclusion of a wide variety of women's points of view? Are its central concepts gender-biased, not merely in their origin, but in very deep, continuing ways? Does it facilitate uncovering (...)
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  9.  55
    John W. Cook (2008). Bouwsma on Wittgenstein's Philosophical Method. Philosophical Investigations 31 (4):285-317.
    It is argued that Wittgenstein was a greatly misunderstood philosopher, both as regards his own philosophical views and his ideas about philosophical method. O. K. Bouwsma's interpretation of Wittgenstein is used to illustrate the most common misunderstandings.
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  10. Eugen Fischer & John Collins (eds.) (2015). Experimental Philosophy, Rationalism, and Naturalism: Rethinking Philosophical Method. Routledge.
    Experimental philosophy is one of the most exciting and controversial philosophical movements today. This book explores how it is reshaping thought about philosophical method. Experimental philosophy imports experimental methods and findings from psychology into philosophy. These fresh resources can be used to develop and defend both armchair methods and naturalist approaches, on an empirical basis. This outstanding collection brings together leading proponents of this new meta-philosophical naturalism, from within and beyond experimental philosophy. They explore how the (...)
     
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  11.  41
    Clément Vidal, An Enduring Philosophical Agenda. Worldview Construction as a Philosophical Method.
    Is there such a thing as a philosophical method? It seems that there are as many philosophical methods as there are philosophies. A method is any procedure employed to achieve a certain aim. So, before proposing a method, we have to tackle the delicate question: “what is the aim of philosophy?”. At the origin of philosophy, there is a questioning about the world. The worldview approach developed by Leo Apostel elegantly explicit those fundamental questions. As (...)
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  12.  6
    Hector-Neri Castan̂eda (1978). Philosophical Method and the Theory of Predication and Identity. Noûs 12 (2):189-210.
    The problems of referential opacity in psychological contexts require a solution, of which three types are indicated, that contains a profound theory of predication, identity, and individuation. a radical theory, not in the spirit of the current fashions, is outlined. it is called the guise-consubstantiation, conflation, and consociation theory. this theory was first expounded in "thinking and the structure of the world," "philosophia" (1974) and "critica" (1972). the present paper is an introduction to this essay, motivated by two criticisms of (...)
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  13.  4
    Guido Vanheeswijck (2007). The Debilitating Effect of Logical Positivism On the Difference Between RG Collingwoods An Essay on Philosophical Method and An Essay on Metaphysics. Collingwood and British Idealism Studies 13 (2):53-70.
    It is generally agreed that R.G.Collingwood's An Essay on Philosophical Method and An Essay on Metaphysics are closely related but are also significantly different. If they do in fact differ in any significant way, one wonders whether there are good reasons to prefer one account over the other at the points where they differ. In this article, I would like to try to answer this query by referring to two passages, where the text in both essays is nearly (...)
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  14. Michel Dalissier (2016). The Philosophical Method of Merleau-Ponty. In William Sweet Cristal Huang (ed.), Care of Self and Meaning of Life: Asian and Christian Reflections. 91-108.
    This is a study focusing on the philosophical method of Maurice Merleau-Ponty. My approach begins with his style of writing, which furnishes some clues that concretely reveal his way of thinking. This makes perceptible an active process working in the texts. Working from here, the right approach seems to be a certain methodus negativa, opening a vast field of investigations, not only in existentialism, phenomenology, and ontology, but also, metaphysics. That is why, finally, such investigations cannot avoid a (...)
     
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  15. Eugen Fischer & John Collins (eds.) (2015). Experimental Philosophy, Rationalism, and Naturalism: Rethinking Philosophical Method. Routledge.
    Experimental philosophy is one of the most exciting and controversial philosophical movements today. This book explores how it is reshaping thought about philosophical method. Experimental philosophy imports experimental methods and findings from psychology into philosophy. These fresh resources can be used to develop and defend both armchair methods and naturalist approaches, on an empirical basis. This outstanding collection brings together leading proponents of this new meta-philosophical naturalism, from within and beyond experimental philosophy. They explore how the (...)
     
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  16. John McDowell (2015). Philosophical Method. Journal of Philosophical Research 40 (9999):25-29.
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  17.  29
    Claudia W. Ruitenberg (2009). Distance and Defamiliarisation: Translation as Philosophical Method. Journal of Philosophy of Education 43 (3):421-435.
    In this article I posit translation as philosophical operation that disrupts commonsense meaning and understanding. By defamiliarising language, translation can arrest thinking about a text in a way that assumes the language is understood. In recent work I have grappled with the phrase 'ways of knowing', which, for linguistic and conceptual reasons, confuses discussions about epistemological diversity. I here expand this inquiry by considering languages in which more than one equivalent exists for the English verb 'to know'. French, for (...)
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  18.  61
    Matthew W. Parker (2009). Philosophical Method and Galileo's Paradox of Infinity. In Bart Van Kerkhove (ed.), New Perspectives on Mathematical Practices: Essays in Philosophy and History of Mathematics : Brussels, Belgium, 26-28 March 2007. World Scientfic
    We consider an approach to some philosophical problems that I call the Method of Conceptual Articulation: to recognize that a question may lack any determinate answer, and to re-engineer concepts so that the question acquires a definite answer in such a way as to serve the epistemic motivations behind the question. As a case study we examine “Galileo’s Paradox”, that the perfect square numbers seem to be at once as numerous as the whole numbers, by one-to-one correspondence, and (...)
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  19. Avner Baz (2016). Recent Attempts to Defend the Philosophical Method of Cases and the Linguistic Turn. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 92 (1):105-130.
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  20.  4
    Erik Gotlind (1958). Three Theories Of Emotion: Some Views On Philosophical Method. Lund,: Gleerup.
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  21.  14
    Kevin Lynch (forthcoming). The Myth of the Intuitive: Experimental Philosophy and Philosophical Method, by Max Deutsch (MIT Press, 2015). [REVIEW] Philosophical Psychology:1-3.
  22. R. G. Collingwood (2005). An Essay on Philosophical Method. Oxford University Press.
    James Connelly and Giuseppina D'Oro present a revised edition of R. G. Collingwood's classic work of 1933, supplementing the original text with important related writings from Collingwood's manuscripts which appear here for the first time. The editors also contribute a substantial new introduction, and the volume will be welcomed by all historians of twentieth-century philosophy.
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  23. Erich Ammereller & Eugen Fischer (eds.) (2004). Wittgenstein at Work: Method in the Philosophical Investigations. Routledge.
    The later Wittgenstein is notoriously hard to understand. His novel philosophical approach is the key to understanding his perplexing work. This volume assembles leading Wittgenstein scholars to come to grips with its least well understood aspect: the unfamiliar aims and method that shape Wittgenstein's approach. Wittgenstein at Work investigates Wittgenstein's aims, rationale and method in two steps. The first seven chapters analyze how he proceeds in core parts of the Philosophical Investigations : the discussion of the (...)
     
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  24. David Bourget (2010). Paperless Philosophy as a Philosophical Method. Social Epistemology 24 (4):363-375.
    I discuss the prospects for novel communication methods in academic research. I describe communication tools which could enhance the practice of conceptual analysis.
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  25.  85
    Richard Rorty (ed.) (1992). The Linguistic Turn: Essays in Philosophical Method. University of Chicago Press.
    The Linguistic Turn provides a rich and representative introduction to the entire historical and doctrinal range of the linguistic philosophy movement. In two retrospective essays titled "Ten Years After" and "Twenty-Five Years After," Rorty shows how his book was shaped by the time in which it was written and traces the directions philosophical study has taken since. "All too rarely an anthology is put together that reflects imagination, command, and comprehensiveness. Rorty's collection is just such a book."-- Review of (...)
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  26. Felicity Joseph & Jack Reynolds (2011). Existentialism, Phenomenology and Philosophical Method. In Felicity Joseph, Jack Reynolds & Ashley Woodward (eds.), Continuum Companion to Existentialism. Continuum
    This chapter explores some of the similarities and differences in the philosophical methods of five philosophers often considered existentialists: Heidegger, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty, de Beauvoir and Marcel. The relationship between existentialism and phenomenological methods, as well as transcendental reasoning in general, is examined.
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  27.  14
    Derek Ball (forthcoming). The Myth of the Intuitive: Experimental Philosophy and Philosophical Method, by Max Deutsch. Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-1.
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  28.  4
    Noel Carroll (2016). Danto's Comic Vision: Philosophical Method and Literary Style. Philosophy and Literature 39 (2):554-563.
    Arthur Danto numbers among the few contemporary philosophers whose writing is really a pleasure to read. Although rarely recognized, the source of that pleasure is Danto’s humor. His philosophical writing is consistently comic. Of course, the humor is obviously not of the knee-slapping variety. Yet it is pervasively playful.Danto will introduce a thought experiment and then explore it in several directions. Unlike many other contemporary philosophers, he is not stingy in laying out his examples. Whereas it is customary for (...)
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  29.  63
    Daniel Nolan (2015). Lewis's Philosophical Method. In B. Loewer & J. Schaffer (eds.), A Companion to Lewis. Wiley-Blackwell 25-39.
    Lewis is famous as a contemporary philosophical system-builder. The most obvious way his philosophy exhibited a system was in its content: Lewis’s metaphysics, for example, provided answers to many metaphysical puzzles in an integrated way, and there are illuminating connections to be drawn between his general metaphysical views and, for example, his various views about the mind and its place in nature.
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  30.  5
    S. Stephen Hilmy (1987). The Later Wittgenstein: The Emergence of a New Philosophical Method. B. Blackwell.
  31.  8
    Eric Matthews & Hector-Neri Castaneda (1982). On Philosophical Method. Philosophical Quarterly 32 (126):89.
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  32.  29
    Hector-Neri Castaneda (1979). Philosophical Method and Direct Awareness of the Self. Grazer Philosophische Studien 8:1-58.
    Here are crucial data for any theory of the self, self-consciousness or the structure of experience. We discuss the fundamental structure of both indexical reference, especially first-term reference, and quasi-indexical reference, used in attributing first-person reference to others. Chisholm's ingenious account of direct awareness of self is tested against the two sets of data. It satisfies neither. Chisholm's definitions raise serious questions both about philosophical methodology and about the underlying ontology of individuation, identity, and predication. Chisholm's adverbial account of (...)
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  33.  24
    John Preston (2008). Hertz, Wittgenstein and Philosophical Method. Philosophical Investigations 31 (1):48–67.
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  34.  13
    Marek Lechniak (2013). J.M. Bocheński's Method of Philosophical Analysis and Contemporary Applied Ontology. Studies in East European Thought 65 (1-2):17-26.
    The aim of this article is to reconstruct Bocheński’s method of philosophical analysis as well as to clarify the purpose of that method and its basic elements. In the second part of the paper I will compare Bocheński’s method with the methods of modern applied ontology.
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  35.  41
    Peter Johnson (2006). Review of R.G. Collingwood, An Essay on Philosophical Method; the Philosophy of Enchantment, Studies in Folktale, Cultural Criticism, and Anthropology. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (5).
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  36.  22
    Paul Thagard (2012). Nihilism, Skepticism, and Philosophical Method: A Response to Landau on Coherence and the Meaning of Life. Philosophical Psychology 26 (4):619-621.
  37.  21
    Mark Letteri (2002). Thinking, Philosophical Counseling, and the Purity of Philosophical Method. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 9 (2):75-80.
    In “A General Framework for Philosophical Counseling,” Hakam AI-Shawi argues that “philosophical counseling must ... avoid relyingon any first-order philosophical assumptions.” In this light, I explore whether and to what extent an applied Heideggerian approach to the amelioration of human life - in this case, Daseinsanalysis - satisfies this criterion. I focus on the orienting reality of a mortal, interpreting questioner dwelling in particular circumstances. Such an approach, as I construe it here, seems largely compatible with AI-Shawi’s (...)
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  38.  15
    Debra Aidun (1982). Wittgenstein, Philosophical Method and Aspect-Seeing. Philosophical Investigations 5 (2):106-115.
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  39.  11
    Frank Lucash (1993). The Philosophical Method of the Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect and its Application to the Ethics. Philosophy and Theology 7 (3):311-322.
    I argue that we can arrive at a better understanding of the Ethics and why Spinoza wrote it by viewing it through certain ideas expressed in his Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect. These ideas are: 1) personal remarks, 2) the method and most perfect method, 3) true ideas, 4) false ideas, 5) definitions.
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  40.  3
    David Freedman (1988). The Later Wittgenstein: The Emergence of a New Philosophical Method. Philosophical Books 29 (3):133-135.
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  41.  7
    Robert Audi (1987). Realism, Rationality, and Philosophical Method. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 61 (1):65 - 74.
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  42.  7
    Dickinson S. Miller (1899). Professor James on Philosophical Method. Philosophical Review 8 (2):166-170.
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  43.  1
    David Cockburn (1990). Wittgenstein and Kierkegaard: Religion, Individuality and Philosophical Method. Philosophical Books 31 (2):82-83.
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  44. Peter R. Coffin (1972). Philosophical Method and the Existenz Philosophy of Karl Jaspers. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 53 (2):141.
     
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  45. Eric Matthews (1982). Hector-Neri Castañeda, "On Philosophical Method". Philosophical Quarterly 32 (126):89.
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  46. Walter E. Wright (1988). Fichte and Philosophical Method in Fichte and Contemporary Philosophy. Philosophical Forum 19 (2-3):65-73.
     
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  47. Walter E. Wright (1987). Fichte and Philosophical Method. Philosophical Forum 19 (2):65.
     
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  48.  61
    Richard Boyd (1990). Realism, Approximate Truth, and Philosophical Method. In C. Wade Savage (ed.), Scientific Theories. University of Minnesota Press 355-391.
  49.  12
    Richard Kamber (2016). Review of "The Myth of the Intuitive: Experimental Philosophy and Philosophical Method". [REVIEW] Essays in Philosophy 17 (1):213-232.
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  50.  69
    Hector-Neri Castañeda (1979). Intensionality and Identity in Human Action and Philosophical Method. Noûs 13 (2):235-260.
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