Search results for 'Philosophy of biology' (try it on Scholar)

  1. Elliott Sober (2000). Philosophy of Biology. Westview Press.
    Perhaps because of it implications for our understanding of human nature, recent philosophy of biology has seen what might be the most dramatic work in the philosophies of the ”special” sciences. This drama has centered on evolutionary theory, and in the second edition of this textbook, Elliott Sober introduces the reader to the most important issues of these developments. With a rare combination of technical sophistication and clarity of expression, Sober engages both the higher level of theory and (...)
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  2.  65
    Cailin O’Connor (2015). Review: Peter Godfrey-Smith. Philosophy of Biology. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 82 (4):731-733.
    Review of Peter Godfrey-Smith's Philosophy of Biology.
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  3.  17
    Daniel J. Nicholson & Richard Gawne (2014). Rethinking Woodger's Legacy in the Philosophy of Biology. Journal of the History of Biology 47 (2):243-292.
    The writings of Joseph Henry Woodger (1894–1981) are often taken to exemplify everything that was wrongheaded, misguided, and just plain wrong with early twentieth-century philosophy of biology. Over the years, commentators have said of Woodger: (a) that he was a fervent logical empiricist who tried to impose the explanatory gold standards of physics onto biology, (b) that his philosophical work was completely disconnected from biological science, (c) that he possessed no scientific or philosophical credentials, and (d) that (...)
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  4.  25
    Sahotra Sarkar & Anya Plutynski (eds.) (2008). A Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Blackwell Pub..
    Comprised of essays by top scholars in the field, this volume offers concise overviews of philosophical issues raised by biology. Brings together a team of eminent scholars to explore the philosophical issues raised by biology Addresses traditional and emerging topics, spanning molecular biology and genetics, evolution, developmental biology, immunology, ecology, mind and behaviour, neuroscience, and experimentation Begins with a thorough introduction to the field Goes beyond previous treatments that focused only on evolution to give equal attention (...)
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  5.  33
    Maureen A. O’Malley (2010). Ernst Mayr, the Tree of Life, and Philosophy of Biology. Biology and Philosophy 25 (4):529-552.
    Ernst Mayr’s influence on philosophy of biology has given the field a particular perspective on evolution, phylogeny and life in general. Using debates about the tree of life as a guide, I show how Mayrian evolutionary biology excludes numerous forms of life and many important evolutionary processes. Hybridization and lateral gene transfer are two of these processes, and they occur frequently, with important outcomes in all domains of life. Eukaryotes appear to have a more tree-like history because (...)
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  6.  80
    Thomas Pradeu (2011). What Philosophy of Biology Should Be. Biology and Philosophy 26 (1):119-127.
    This paper reviews Rosenberg’s and McShea’s textbook in philosophy of biology, entitled Philosophy of Biology. A Contemporary Introduction. I insist on the excellent quality of this textbook, then I turn to more critical comments, which deal mainly with what philosophy of biology is, and what it should be.
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  7.  44
    Werner Callebaut (2005). Again, What the Philosophy of Biology is Not. Acta Biotheoretica 53 (2):93-122.
    There are many things that philosophy of biology might be. But, given the existence of a professional philosophy of biology that is arguably a progressive research program and, as such, unrivaled, it makes sense to define philosophy of biology more narrowly than the totality of intersecting concerns biologists and philosophers (let alone other scholars) might have. The reasons for the success of the “new” philosophy of biology remain poorly understood. I reflect on (...)
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  8.  43
    Paul Griffiths, Philosophy of Biology. Metascience.
    The philosophy of biology has existed as a distinct sub-discipline within the philosophy of science for about thirty years. The rapid growth of the field has mirrored that of the biological sciences in the same period. Today the discipline is well represented in the leading journals in philosophy of science, as well as in several specialist journals. There have been two generations of textbooks (see conclusion) and the subject is regularly taught at undergraduate as well as (...)
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  9.  99
    Massimo Pigliucci (2007). What's New in Philosophy of Biology? [REVIEW] Bioessays 29:1171-1172.
    There appears much new in philosophy of biology, the exploding field in philosophy of science over the past few decades.
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  10.  11
    Chris Friel (2015). What Can Piaget Offer Lonergan's Philosophy of Biology? Zygon 50 (3):692-710.
    In Insight, Bernard Lonergan provides, albeit schematically, a unique philosophy of biology which he takes as having “profound differences” with the world view presented by Darwin. These turn on Lonergan's idea of “schemes of recurrence” and of organisms as “solutions to the problem of living in an environment.” His lapidary prose requires some deciphering. I present the broad lines of his philosophy of biology and argue that Jean Piaget's structuralism can shed light on Lonergan's intentions in (...)
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  11. Stavros Ioannidis (2011). Some Foundational Debates in Philosophy of Biology. [REVIEW] Metascience 20 (2):351-354.
    What are the main debates in philosophy of biology today? The present book (part of the series Contemporary Debates in Philosophy) attempts to identify and discuss some of the most important of these. The endeavour is, I think, successful; the collection is a valuable contribution to the literature of philosophy of biology. Before discussing some particular lines of thought in the book, some brief remarks on its structure and organization: the book consists of ten parts, (...)
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  12.  32
    David L. Hull (2002). Recent Philosophy of Biology: A Review. Acta Biotheoretica 50 (2):117-128.
    Academia is subdivided into separate disciplines, most of which are quite discrete. In this review I trace the interactions between two of these disciplines: biology and philosophy of biology. I concentrate on those topics that have the most extensive biological content: function, species, systematics, selection, reduction and development. In the final section of this paper I touch briefly on those issues that biologists and philosophers have addressed that do not have much in the way of biological content.
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  13.  58
    Francisco Vergara-Silva (2009). Pattern Cladistics and the ‘Realism–Antirealism Debate’ in the Philosophy of Biology. Acta Biotheoretica 57 (1-2):269-294.
    Despite the amount of work that has been produced on the subject over the years, the ‘transformation of cladistics’ is still a misunderstood episode in the history of comparative biology. Here, I analyze two outstanding, highly contrasting historiographic accounts on the matter, under the perspective of an influential dichotomy in the philosophy of science: the opposition between Scientific Realism and Empiricism. Placing special emphasis on the notion of ‘causal grounding’ of morphological characters in modern developmental biology’s theories, (...)
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  14.  23
    Filip Kolen & Gertrudis Van de Vijver (2007). Philosophy of Biology: Naturalistic or Transcendental? Acta Biotheoretica 55 (1):35-46.
    The aim of this article is to clarify the meaning of a naturalistic position within philosophy of biology, against the background of an alternative view, founded on the basic insights of transcendental philosophy. It is argued that the apparently minimal and neutral constraints naturalism imposes on philosophy of science turn out to involve a quite heavily constraining metaphysics, due to the naturalism’s fundamental neglect of its own perspective. Because of its intrinsic sensitivity to perspectivity and historicity, (...)
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  15.  14
    Linda Van Speybroeck (2007). Philosophy of Biology: About the Fossilization of Disciplines and Other Embryonic Thoughts. Acta Biotheoretica 55 (1):47-71.
    This paper focuses on a running dispute between Werner Callebaut’s naturalistic view and Filip Kolen and Gertrudis Van de Vijver’s transcendentalist view on the nature of philosophy of biology and the relation of this discipline to biological sciences. It is argued that, despite differences in opinion, both positions agree that philosophy of biology’s ultimate goal is to ‘move’ biology or at least be ‘meaningful’ to it. In order to make this goal clear and effective, more (...)
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  16. David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.) (1998). The Philosophy of Biology. Oxford University Press.
    Drawing on work of the past decade, this volume brings together articles from the philosophy, history, and sociology of science, and many other branches of the biological sciences. The volume delves into the latest theoretical controversies as well as burning questions of contemporary social importance. The issues considered include the nature of evolutionary theory, biology and ethics, the challenge from religion, and the social implications of biology today (in particular the Human Genome Project).
     
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  17. James G. Lennox (2001). Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origins of Life Science. Cambridge University Press.
    In addition to being one of the world's most influential philosophers, Aristotle can also be credited with the creation of both the science of biology and the philosophy of biology. He was the first thinker to treat the investigations of the living world as a distinct inquiry with its own special concepts and principles. This book focuses on a seminal event in the history of biology - Aristotle's delineation of a special branch of theoretical knowledge devoted (...)
     
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  18.  85
    Ingo Brigandt & Paul Griffiths (2007). The Importance of Homology for Biology and Philosophy. Biology and Philosophy 22 (5):633-641.
    Editors' introduction to the special issue on homology (Biology and Philosophy Vol. 22, Issue 5, 2007).
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  19.  30
    Brant Pridmore (2010). Review of Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 25 (2):279-286.
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  20.  29
    Michael Ruse (2006). The Evolution of the Philosophy of Biology. Biology and Philosophy 21 (3):437-442.
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  21.  9
    Thomas A. C. Reydon (2007). Philosophy of Biology, German styleReview of Ulrich Krohs and Georg Toepfer : Philosophie der Biologie: Eine Einführung [Philosophy of Biology: An Introduction]. Biology and Philosophy 22 (4):619-626.
  22.  24
    Frederick Grinnell (2000). Philosophy of Biology and the Human Genome Project. Biology and Philosophy 15 (4):595-601.
  23.  20
    Stephen M. Downes (2006). From Philosophy of Biology to Social Philosophy. Biology and Philosophy 21 (2):299-307.
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  24.  18
    David Castle (2001). Sex and Death: An Introduction to Philosophy of Biology. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 16 (3):405-413.
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  25.  14
    Thomas A. C. Reydon (2007). Philosophy of Biology, German Style. Biology and Philosophy 22 (4):619-626.
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  26.  3
    Paul Thompson (1989). Philosophy of Biology Under Attack: Stent Vs. Rosenberg. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 4 (3):345-351.
  27.  3
    Paul E. Griffiths (2008). Biology, Philosophy Of. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  28.  25
    F. Ayala & T. Dobzhansky (eds.) (1974). Studies in the Philosophy of Biology. University of California Press.
    Should the philosophy of biology deal with organismic, or with molecular aspects , or with both ? We are, of course, not the first to appreciate the ...
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  29.  10
    Werner Callebaut (2011). Beyond Generalized Darwinism. I. Evolutionary Economics From the Perspective of Naturalistic Philosophy of Biology. Biological Theory 6 (4):338-350.
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  30.  40
    Maureen A. O’Malley & John Dupré (2007). Size Doesn't Matter: Towards a More Inclusive Philosophy of Biology. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 22 (2):155-191.
    Philosophers of biology, along with everyone else, generally perceive life to fall into two broad categories, the microbes and macrobes, and then pay most of their attention to the latter. ‘Macrobe’ is the word we propose for larger life forms, and we use it as part of an argument for microbial equality. We suggest that taking more notice of microbes – the dominant life form on the planet, both now and throughout evolutionary history – will transform some of the (...)
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  31.  9
    Thomas A. C. E. Reydon (2005). Bridging the Gap Between History and Philosophy of Biology. Metascience 14 (2):249-253.
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  32.  8
    Paul E. Griffiths (1998). Philosophy of Biology: The Next Generation. [REVIEW] Metascience 7 (1):140-150.
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  33.  34
    Stavros Ioannidis (2012). Book Notice of Rosenberg & Arp (Eds) Philosophy of Biology: An Anthology. [REVIEW] Metascience 21 (1):249-250.
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  34.  8
    Steven French (2007). Philosophy of Biology in Britain. Metascience 16 (3):535-537.
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  35.  10
    Jean Lachapelle (1999). French Philosophy of Biology: An Overview. [REVIEW] Metascience 8 (1):92-101.
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  36.  17
    Sabina Leonelli & Thomas Reydon (2005). Symposium Issue: Philosophy of Biology in Flanders and the Netherlands. Acta Biotheoretica 53 (2):55-56.
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  37.  2
    Gertrudis Vijver, Linda Speybroeck, Dani Waele, Filip Kolen & Helena Preester (2005). Philosophy of Biology: Outline of a Transcendental Project. Acta Biotheoretica 53 (2):57-75.
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  38.  55
    Marcel Weber (2005). Philosophy of Experimental Biology. Cambridge University Press.
    Exploring central philosophical issues concerning scientific research in modern experimental biology, this book clarifies the strategies, concepts, reasoning, approaches, tools, models and experimental systems deployed by researchers. It also integrates recent developments in historical scholarship, in particular, the New Experimentalism, making this work of interest to philosophers and historians of science as well as to biological researchers.
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  39.  26
    David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.) (2007). The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge University Press.
    The philosophy of biology is one of the most exciting new areas in the field of philosophy and one that is attracting much attention from working scientists. This Companion, edited by two of the founders of the field, includes newly commissioned essays by senior scholars and up-and-coming younger scholars who collectively examine the main areas of the subject - the nature of evolutionary theory, classification, teleology and function, ecology, and the problematic relationship between biology and religion, (...)
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  40.  33
    Ernst Mayr (1988). Toward a New Philosophy of Biology: Observations of an Evolutionist. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
    Provides a philosophical analysis of such biological concepts as natural selection, adaptation, speciation, and evolution.
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  41.  56
    Philippe Huneman (ed.) (2007). Understanding Purpose: Kant and the Philosophy of Biology. University of Rochester Press.
    A collection of essays investigating key historical and scientific questions relating to the concept of natural purpose in Kant's philosophy of biology.
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  42.  31
    Michael Ruse (ed.) (2008). The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology. Oxford University Press.
    The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology is an exciting collection of new essays written especially to give the reader an introduction to one of the most vibrant areas of scholarship today, and at the same time to move the subject forward dramatically. Written in a clear and rigorous style it will give the more experienced scholar much to think about and will also be of great value to the new student of the subject. The handbook covers the (...)
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  43.  47
    John Dupr (2012). Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology. OUP Oxford.
    John Dupr explores recent revolutionary developments in biology and considers their relevance for our understanding of human nature and society. He reveals how the advance of genetic science is changing our view of the constituents of life, and shows how an understanding of microbiology will overturn standard assumptions about the living world.
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  44.  4
    Brian Garvey (2007). Philosophy of Biology. Acumen.
    This major new series in the philosophy of science aims to provide a new generation of textbooks for the subject. The series will not only offer fresh treatments of core topics in the theory and methodology of scientific knowledge, but also introductions to newer areas of the discipline. Furthermore, the series will cover topics in current science that raise significant foundational issues both for scientific theory and for philosophy more generally. Biology raises distinct questions of its own (...)
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  45. Bryan G. Norton (2003). Searching for Sustainability: Interdisciplinary Essays in the Philosophy of Conservation Biology. Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines from a multidisciplinary viewpoint the question of what we mean - what we should mean - by setting sustainability as a goal for environmental management. The author, trained as a philosopher of science and language, explores ways to break down the disciplinary barriers to communication and deliberation about environment policy, and to integrate science and evaluations into a more comprehensive environmental policy. Choosing sustainability as the keystone concept of environmental policy, the author explores what we can learn (...)
     
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  46.  94
    Catherine Kendig (2011). Debates in Philosophy of Biology: One Long Argument, or Many? International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (1):73 - 81.
    Philosophy of biology, perhaps more than any other philosophy of science, is a discipline in flux. What counts as consensus and key arguments in certain areas changes rapidly.The publication of Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology (2010 Wiley-Blackwell) is reviewed and is used as a catalyst to a discussion of the recent expansion of subjects and perspectives in the philosophy of biology as well as their diverse epistemological and methodological commitments.
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  47.  32
    David L. Hull (1994). Ernst Mayr's Influence on the History and Philosophy of Biology: A Personal Memoir. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 9 (3):375-386.
    Mayr has made both conceptual and professional contributions to the establishment of the history and philosophy of biology. His conceptual contributions include, among many others, the notion of population thinking. He has also played an important role in the establishment of history and philosophy of biology as viable professional disciplines.
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  48.  15
    Michael Ruse (ed.) (2007). Philosophy of Biology. Prometheus Books.
    Biologists study life in its various physical forms, while philosophers of biology seek answers to questions about the nature, purpose, and impact of this research. What permits us to distinguish between living and nonliving things even though both are made of the same minerals? Is the complex structure of organisms proof that a creative force is working its will in the physical universe, or are existing life-forms the random result of an evolutionary process working itself out over eons of (...)
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  49. Michael Ruse (1973). The Philosophy of Biology. London,Hutchinson.
  50. Kim Sterelny (1995). Understanding Life: Recent Work in Philosophy of Biology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (2):155-183.
    This paper surveys recent philosophy of biology. It aims to introduce outsiders to the field to the recent literature (which is reviewed in the footnotes) and the main recent debates. I concentrate on three of these: recent critiques of the replicator/vehicle distinction and its application to the idea of the gene as the unit of section; the recent defences of group selection and the idea that standard alternatives to group selection are in fact no more than a disguised (...)
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