Search results for 'Philosophy of nature Early works to 1800' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Roger Bacon (1983/1998). Roger Bacon's Philosophy of Nature: A Critical Edition, with English Translation, Introduction, and Notes, of De Multiplicatione Specierum and De Speculis Comburentibus. St. Augustine's Press.score: 2694.0
  2. Baien Miura (1991). Deep Words: Miura Baien's System of Natural Philosophy. E.J. Brill.score: 2484.0
    "Deep Words contains translations of "Honso, the "Core Text" of "Gengo, by Miura Baien, 1723-1789 - a widely renowned Japanese teacher and writer of his time; ...
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  3. Helen S. Lang (1998). The Order of Nature in Aristotle's Physics: Place and the Elements. Cambridge Unviersity Press.score: 2454.0
    The book demonstrates a new method for reading the texts of Aristotle by revealing a continuous line of argument running from the Physics to De Caelo. The author analyzes a group of arguments that are almost always treated in isolation from one another, and reveals their elegance and coherence. She concludes by asking why these arguments remain interesting even though we now believe they are absolutely wrong and have been replaced by better ones. The book establishes the case that we (...)
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  4. John Philoponus (1994). On Aristotle's Physics. Cornell University Press.score: 2100.0
     
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  5. Johannes Scotus Erigena (1987). Periphyseon =. Dumbarton Oaks.score: 2100.0
  6. John Philoponus (1993). On Aristotle's "Physics 2". Cornell University Press.score: 2100.0
     
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  7. Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling (1988). Ideas for a Philosophy of Nature as Introduction to the Study of This Science, 1797. Cambridge University Press.score: 1890.0
    This is the first English translation of Schelling's Ideas for a Philosophy of Nature (first published in 1797 and revised in 1803), one of the most significant works in the German tradition of philosophy of nature and early nineteenth-century philosophy of science. It stands in opposition to the Newtonian picture of matter as constituted by inert, impenetrable particles, and argues instead for matter as an equilibrium of active forces that engage in dynamic polar (...)
     
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  8. Henri Baten (1993). On the Nature of Matter. Leuven University Press.score: 1884.0
    This volume comprises Parts IV–V of the Speculum Divinorum et Quorundam Naturalium of Henricus Bate and includes "On the Nature of Matter" and "On the Intellect as Form of Man.".
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  9. Pietro Martire Vermigli (1996). Philosophical Works: On the Relation of Philosophy to Theology. Sixteenth Century Journal Publishers.score: 1861.7
    This volume is devoted to Vermigli's philosophical writings, consisting of topics from commentaries with sections on: reason and revelation; body and soul; ...
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  10. John Sergeant (1697/1984). Solid Philosophy Asserted Against the Fancies of the Ideists. Garland.score: 1532.6
     
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  11. Istvan V. Kiraly (2010). The Foundation of Philosophy and Atheism in Heidegger's Early Works - Prolegomena to an Existential-Ontological Perspective. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 8 (22):115-128.score: 1521.4
    The paper analyzes, from a perspective which is itself existential-ontological, the way in which in an early text of Martin Heidegger, Phänomenologische Interpretationen zu Aristoteles (Anzeige der hermeneutischen Situation) [1922] – which had already outlined some determinative elements of the ideas expounded in Being and Time –, the meditation on the always living and current conditions and hermeneutical situation of philosophizing expanded in fact into an inquiry about the origins, grounds, essence and sense of philosophy as such. Meditation (...)
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  12. Anselm (1998/2008). The Major Works. Oxford University Press.score: 1479.0
    Although utterly convinced of the truth of Christianity, Anselm of Canterbury struggled to make sense of his religion. He considered the doctrines of faith an invitation to question, to think, and to learn; and he devoted his life to confronting and understanding the most elusive aspects of Christianity. His writings on matters such as free will, the nature of truth, and the existence of God make Anselm one of the greatest theologians and philosphers in history, and this translation provides (...)
     
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  13. John Locke (1990). Drafts for the Essay Concerning Human Understanding, and Other Philosophical Writings. Clarendon Press.score: 1478.6
    This volume is the first of three which will contain all of Locke's extant writings on philosophy which relate to An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, other than those contained in volumes of the Clarendon Edition of John Locke such as the Correspondence. The book contains the two earliest known drafts of the Essay, both written in 1671, and provides for the first time an accurate version of Locke's text together with a record of virtually all his changes, in notes (...)
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  14. Nicolaus (1994). Nicholas of Autrecourt: His Correspondence with Master Giles and Bernard of Arezzo : A Critical Edition From the Two Parisian Manuscripts with an Introduction, English Translation, Explanatory Notes, and Indexes. BRILL.score: 1442.6
    This volume not only provides the first critical edition with an English translation of the famous correspondence of Nicholas of Autrecourt (c. 1300-1369), but also an assessment of his views and the views of those to whom the letters were ...
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  15. William Thomson (1798/1972). An Enquiry Into the Elementary Principles of Beauty in the Works of Nature and Art. New York,Garland Pub..score: 1422.0
     
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  16. Iamblichus (1988). Iamblichus, the Exhortation to Philosophy: Including the Letters of Iamblichus and Proclus' Commentary on the Chaldean Oracles. Phanes Press.score: 1406.6
  17. Adolph Friedrich Hoffmann (1737/2010). Vernunftlehre: Darinnen Die Kennzeichen des Wahren Und Falschen Aus den Gesetzen des Menschlichen Verstandes Hergeleitet Werden. G. Olms.score: 1326.9
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  18. Hans-Jochen Schiewer & Stefan Seeber (eds.) (2012). Höfische Wissensordnungen. V&R Unipress.score: 1321.7
    English summary: Courtly mythologies and courtly knowledge orders are the central issues in this volume that brings together contributions from two colloquia held by the International Courtly Literature Society (ICLS).
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  19. Samantabhadrasvāmī (1999). Samantabhadra's Āptamīmāṃsā =. Jagruti Dilip Sheth.score: 1321.7
     
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  20. George Berkeley (1987). George Berkeley's Manuscript Introduction. Doxa.score: 1316.6
     
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  21. Leonhard Euler (1833/1975). Letters of Euler on Different Subjects in Natural Philosophy. Arno Press.score: 1304.7
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  22. Christia Mercer (2012). The General Metaphysics of Nature: Plotinus on Logos / Lloyd P. Gerson. The Significance of 'Physics' in Porphyry : The Problem of Body and Matter / Andrew Smith. Self-Motion and Reflection : Hermias and Proclus on the Harmony of Plato and Aristotle on the Soul / Stephen Menn. Nature in Proclus : From Irrational Immanent Principle to Goddess / Alain Lernould. Platonism in Early Modern Natural Philosophy : The Case of Leibniz and Conway. [REVIEW] In James Wilberding & Christoph Horn (eds.), Neoplatonism and the Philosophy of Nature. Oxford Up.score: 1279.3
     
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  23. Gregor Schiemann (2009). Hermann von Helmholtz's Mechanism: The Loss of Certainty. A Study on the Transition From Classical to Modern Philosophy of Nature. Springer.score: 1266.4
    Two seemingly contradictory tendencies have accompanied the development of the natural sciences in the past 150 years. On the one hand, the natural sciences have been instrumental in effecting a thoroughgoing transformation of social structures and have made a permanent impact on the conceptual world of human beings. This histori¬cal period has, on the other hand, also brought to light the merely hypothetical validity of scientific knowledge. As late as the middle of the 19th century the truth-pathos in the natural (...)
     
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  24. David Hume (1994). Political Essays. Cambridge University Press.score: 1227.0
    David Hume is commonly known as one of the greatest philosophers to write in English. He was also one of the foremost political and economic theorists and one of the finest historians of the eighteenth century. His political essays reflect the entire range of his intellectual engagement with politics - as political philosophy, political observation and political history - and function as an extension of and supplement to works such as his Treatise of Human Nature and his (...)
     
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  25. Diana Y. Paul (1984). Philosophy of Mind in Sixth-Century China: Paramārtha's "Evolution of Consciousness". Stanford University Press.score: 1210.0
    Of the many translators who carried the Buddhist doctrine to China, Paramartha, a missionary-monk who arrived in China in AD 546, ranks as the translator par excellence of the sixth century. Introducing philosophical ideas that would subsequently excite the Chinese imagination to develop the great schools of Sui and T'ang Buddhism, Paramartha's translations are almost exclusively of Yogacara Buddhist texts on the nature of the mind and consciousness. This first study of Paramartha in a Western language focuses on the (...)
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  26. Edmund Husserl (1994). Early Writings in the Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics. Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 1190.6
    This book makes available to the English reader nearly all of the shorter philosophical works, published or unpublished, that Husserl produced on the way to the phenomenological breakthrough recorded in his Logical Investigations of 1900-1901. Here one sees Husserl's method emerging step by step, and such crucial substantive conclusions as that concerning the nature of Ideal entities and the status the intentional `relation' and its `objects'. Husserl's literary encounters with many of the leading thinkers of his day illuminates (...)
     
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  27. Dalia Nassar (2014). Romantic Empiricism After the ‘End of Nature’: Contributions to Environmental Philosophy. In , The Relevance of Romanticism: Essays on German Romantic Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 1185.3
    Since Bill McKibben’s 1989 book, The End of Nature, it has become commonplace to pronounce the ‘end’ of that which, for many decades, we called nature. Although in many instances the reiterations of the end of nature do not agree with McKibben’s reasoning, they concur that nature is not a plausible or desirable concept for environmental thought or activism. Alongside this growing trend in environmental philosophy, a number of studies have recently appeared which reconsider the (...)
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  28. Hartley Lachter (2008). Kabbalah, Philosophy, and the Jewish-Christian Debate: Reconsidering the Early Works of Joseph Gikatilla. Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 16 (1):1-58.score: 1174.3
    Joseph Gikatilla's early works, composed during the 1270s, have been understood by many scholars as a fusion of Kabbalah and philosophy—an approach that he abandoned in his later compositions. This paper argues that Gikatilla's early works are in fact consistent with his later works, and that the differences between the two can be explained by the polemical engagement during his early period with Jewish philosophy and Christian missionizing. By subtly drawing Jewish students (...)
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  29. Shiling Xiang (2008). A Study on the Theory of “Returning to the Original” and “Recovering Nature” in Chinese Philosophy. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 3 (4):502-519.score: 1163.0
    The approach of returning to the original and recovering nature is a typical characteristic of Chinese philosophy. It was founded by the Daoist School and followed by both Daoist and Confucian schools. The precondition of returning to the original and recovering nature is the stillness and goodness within nature integrated into a whole afterwards. Its implementation includes not only returning to the original root so as to achieve the philosophical aim but also restoration (...)
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  30. Francis Bacon (1996). Collected Works of Francis Bacon. Routledge/Thoemmes.score: 1154.6
    This edition contains all Bacon's philosophical works as well as translations, plus literary and professional works and includes illuminating introductions and ...
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  31. Thomas (1988). The Philosophy of Thomas Aquinas: Introductory Readings. Other.score: 1152.0
  32. Moses Maimonides (1976/1977). Rambam: Readings in the Philosophy of Moses Maimonides. Schocken Books.score: 1152.0
     
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  33. Jacques Derrida (1980/1987). The Archeology of the Frivolous: Reading Condillac. University of Nebraska Press.score: 1141.7
    In 1746 the French philosophe Condillac published his Essay on the Origin of Human Knowledge , one of many attempts during the century to determine how we organize and validate ideas as knowledge. In investigating language, especially written language, he found not only the seriousness he sought but also a great deal of frivolity whose relation to the sober business of philosophy had to be addressed somehow. If the mind truly reflects the world, and language reflects the mind, why (...)
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  34. S. Nash-Marshall (2004). Boethius:" Introductions" to the Works of an Early Medieval Thinker: Examining the Struggle From Ancient Pagan Philosophy to Christian. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 78 (2):175-179.score: 1137.9
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  35. Blo-Bzaṅ-Chos-Kyi-Ñi-Ma (1984). A Tibetan Eye-View of Indian Philosophy. Munshiram Manoharlal.score: 1136.6
     
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  36. Ralph Cudworth (1838/1992). A Treatise of Freewill and an Introduction to Cudworth's Treatise. Routledge/Thoemmes Press.score: 1136.6
  37. Suzuko Ōhira (1982). A Study of Tattvārthasūtra with Bhāṣya: With Special Reference to Authorship and Date. L.D. Institute of Indology.score: 1136.6
     
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  38. Godefridus Sancto Victordee (1972). The Fountain of Philosophy: A Translation of the Twelfth-Century Fons Philosophiae of Godfrey of Saint Victor. Toronto,Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies.score: 1136.6
  39. Donald Phillip Verene (2008). The History of Philosophy: A Reader's Guide: Including a List of 100 Great Philosophical Works From the Pre-Socratics to the Mid-Twentieth Century. Northwestern University Press.score: 1129.3
    With the aim of guiding readers along, in Hegel’s words, “the long process of education towards genuine philosophy,” this introduction emphasizes the importance of striking up a conversation with the past. Only by looking to past masters and their works, it holds, can old memories and prior thought be brought fully to bear on the present. This living past invigorates contemporary practice, enriching today’s study and discoveries. In this book, groundbreaking philosopher and author Donald Verene addresses two themes: (...)
     
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  40. Norman Kretzmann & Eleonore Stump (eds.) (1988). Logic and the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge University Press.score: 1121.1
    This is the first of a three-volume anthology intended as a companion to The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy. Volume 1 is concerned with the logic and the philosophy of language, and comprises fifteen important texts on questions of meaning and inference that formed the basis of Medieval philosophy. As far as is practicable, complete works or topically complete segments of larger works have been selected. The editors have provided a full introduction to the (...)
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  41. Thomas (1951). An Introduction to the Philosophy of Nature. St. Paul, North Central Pub. Co..score: 1120.7
    Experimental science and the philosophy of nature, by R.A. Kocourek.--The problem of motion, by R.A. Kocourek.--The principles of nature, by St. Thomas Aquinas.--The Commentary of St. Thomas Aquinas on Books I-II of The physics of Aristotle.--The reason for an introduction to the philosophy of nature.--Outline of the physical works of Aristotle.--Outline of the Commentary on Book I.
     
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  42. Dirk Stemerding (1993). How to Make Oneself Nature's Spokesman? A Latourian Account of Classification in Eighteenth- and Early Nineteenth-Century Natural History. Biology and Philosophy 8 (2):193-223.score: 1110.6
    Classification in eighteenth-century natural history was marked by a battle of systems. The Linnaean approach to classification was severely criticized by those naturalists who aspired to a truly natural system. But how to make oneself nature''s spokesman? In this article I seek to answer that question using the approach of the French anthropologist of science Bruno Latour in a discussion of the work of the French naturalists Buffon and Cuvier in the eighteenth and early nineteenth century. These naturalists (...)
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  43. Plotinus (1995). Ennead III.6: On the Impassivity of the Bodiless. Clarendon Press.score: 1100.6
    Plotinus (c. AD 205-270) can be regarded as the greatest Greek philosopher of late Antiquity, and as the father of Neoplatonism. His Enneads (`the nines') are now recognised as seminal works in the development of Western thought. This book is the only detailed scholarly commentary available on this part of Plotinus' work, and should be invaluable to all scholars interested in ancient philosophy and early Christian theology. All Greek in the commentary is translated.
     
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  44. Jalāl al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Asʻad Dawānī (1839/1977). Practical Philosophy of the Muhammadan People: Exhibited in its Professed Connexion with the European, so as to Render Either an Introduction to the Other: Being a Translation of the Akhlak-I Jalaly ... From the Persian of Fakir Jany Muhammad Asaad. Karimsons.score: 1098.0
     
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  45. Immanuel Kant (1979/1994). The One Possible Basis for a Demonstration of the Existence of God. University of Nebraska Press.score: 1095.0
    The search for God is dictated not from without but from a profound sense of one's own moral being and worthiness to be happy. The core of Immanuel Kant's argument remains relevant to the experience of ordinary men and women. He wished to strengthen, not undermine, belief in God and in the spiritual nature of humankind. This 1763 essay is imporrtant in understanding the development of Kant's thought. It exposed the flaw in the Cartesian argument that the existence of (...)
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  46. Plato (1973). Theaetetus. Clarendon Press.score: 1087.7
    The Theaetetus is a seminal text in the philosophy of knowledge, acknowledged as one of Plato's finest works. Cast as a conversation between Socrates and a student, Theaetetus, it explores the key philosophical issue: what is knowledge? This new edition combines the acclaimed translation by John McDowell with a valuable introduction and notes.
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  47. Lucius Annaeus Seneca (1995). Moral and Political Essays. Cambridge University Press.score: 1087.7
    This volume offers clear and forceful contemporary translations of the most important of Seneca's 'Moral Essays': On Anger, On Mercy, On the Private Life and the first four books of On Favours. They give an attractive, full picture of the social and moral outlook of an ancient Stoic thinker intimately involved in the governance of the Roman empire in the mid first century of the Christian era. A general introduction describes Seneca's life and career and explains the fundamental ideas underlying (...)
     
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  48. Porphyry (1986). Porphyry's Letter to His Wife Marcella Concerning the Life of Philosophy and the Ascent to the Gods. Phanes Press.score: 1082.6
     
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  49. Charles T. Wolfe, Teleomechanism Redux? The Conceptual Hybridity of Living Machines in Early Modern Natural Philosophy.score: 1060.6
    We have been accustomed at least since Kant and mainstream history of philosophy to distinguish between the ‘mechanical’ and the ‘teleological’; between a fully mechanistic, quantitative science of Nature exemplified by Newton (or Galileo, or Descartes) and a teleological, qualitative approach to living beings ultimately expressed in the concept of ‘organism’ – a purposive entity, or at least an entity possessed of functions. The beauty of this distinction is that it seems to make intuitive sense and to map (...)
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  50. Markus Schrenk (2010). Mauro Dorato * The Software of the Universe: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of the Laws of Nature. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (E-Version) 62 (1):225-232.score: 1056.0
    This is a review of Mauro Dorato's book "The Software of the Universe: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of the Laws of Nature".
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