Search results for 'Philosophy of nature History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Pauline Kleingeld (2001). Nature or Providence? On the Theoretical and Moral Importance of Kant’s Philosophy of History. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 75 (2):201-219.
    Kant’s use of the terms ‘Nature’ and ‘Providence’ in his essays on history has long puzzled commentators. Kant personifies Nature and Providence in a curious way, by speaking of them as “deciding” to give humankind certain predispositions, “wanting” these to be developed, and “knowing” what is best for humans Moreover, he leaves the relationship between the two terms unclear. In this essay, I argue that Kant’s use of ‘Nature’ and ‘Providence’ can be clarified and explained. Moreover, (...)
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  2.  14
    Dalia Nassar (2015). Analogy, Natural History and the Philosophy of Nature: Kant, Herder and the Problem of Empirical Science. Journal of the Philosophy of History 9 (2):240-257.
  3. Markus Schrenk (2010). Mauro Dorato * The Software of the Universe: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of the Laws of Nature. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (E-Version) 62 (1):225-232.
    This is a review of Mauro Dorato's book "The Software of the Universe: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of the Laws of Nature ".
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  4.  15
    Phillip R. Sloan (2006). Kant on the History of Nature: The Ambiguous Heritage of the Critical Philosophy for Natural History. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 37 (4):627-648.
    This paper seeks to show Kant’s importance for the formal distinction between descriptive natural history and a developmental history of nature that entered natural history discussions in the late eighteenth century. It is argued that he developed this distinction initially upon Buffon’s distinctions of ‘abstract’ and ‘physical’ truths, and applied these initially in his distinction of ‘varieties’ from ‘races’ in anthropology. In the 1770s, Kant appears to have given theoretical preference to the ‘history’ of (...) [Naturgeschichte] over ‘description’ of nature [Naturbeschreibung]. Following Kant’s confrontations with Johann Herder and Georg Forster in the late 1780s, Kant weakened the epistemic status of the ‘history of nature’ and gave theoretical preference to ‘description of nature’. As a result, Kant’s successors, such as Goethe, could draw from Kant either a justification for a developmental history of nature, or, as this paper argues, a warrant from the critical philosophy for denying the validity of the developmental history of nature as anything more than a ‘regulative’ idea of reason. (shrink)
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  5.  13
    R. G. Collingwood (1924). The Nature and Aims of a Philosophy of History. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 25:151-174.
  6.  9
    Simon Lumsden (2015). Second Nature and Historical Change in Hegel’s Philosophy of History. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 24 (1):74-94.
    Hegel’s philosophy of history is fundamentally concerned with how shapes of life collapse and transition into new shapes of life. One of the distinguishing features of Hegel’s concern with how a shape of life falls apart and becomes inadequate is the role that habit plays in the transition. A shape of life is an embodied form of existence for Hegel. The animating concepts of a shape of life are affectively inscribed on subjects through complex cultural processes. This paper (...)
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    Peter Garik & Yann Benétreau-Dupin (2014). Report on a Boston University Conference December 7-8, 2012 on 'How Can the History and Philosophy of Science Contribute to Contemporary US Science Teaching?'. [REVIEW] Science and Education 23 (9):1853-1873.
    This is an editorial report on the outcomes of an international conference sponsored by a grant from the National Science Foundation to the School of Education at Boston University and the Center for Philosophy and History of Science at Boston University for a conference titled: How Can the History and Philosophy of Science Contribute to Contemporary US Science Teaching? The presentations of the conference speakers and the reports of the working groups are reviewed. Multiple themes emerged (...)
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  8. Robert C. Solomon (1979). History and Human Nature: A Philosophical Review of European Philosophy and Culture, 1750-1850. University Press of America.
    Originally published by Harcourt Brace Jovanovich in 1979, this volume offers a cross-disciplinary portrait of a fascinating period in modern European history and culture, 1750ó1850. It presents a philosophically contentious thesis about the nature of history and "human nature".
     
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  9. J. Roberts (2006). M. Dorato, The Software of the Universe: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Laws of Nature, Ashgate, Aldershot (2005) ISBN 0754639940 (174pp. £ 40.00 Hardback). [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 37 (4):738-744.
  10.  31
    Frank Ankersmit (2009). Danto's Philosophy of History in Retrospective. Journal of the Philosophy of History 3 (2):109-145.
    Danto's Analytical Philosopy of History is one of the undisputed classics of post-war reflection on the nature of historical writing. Upon its publication in 1965 it was immediately recognized to be a major contribution to contemporary historical thought. Strangely enough, however, little effort was made by philosophers of history to penetrate into the depth of Danto's argument. The explanation is, perhaps, that there was more than a hint of historicism in Danto's conception of historical writing and for (...)
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  11.  17
    David Ludwig (2012). Language and Human Nature. Kurt Goldstein's Neurolinguistic Foundation of a Holistic Philosophy. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 48 (1):40-54.
    Holism in interwar Germany provides an excellent example for social and political in- fluences on scientific developments. Deeply impressed by the ubiquitous invocation of a cultural crisis, biologists, physicians, and psychologists presented holistic accounts as an alternative to the “mechanistic worldview” of the nineteenth century. Although the ideological background of these accounts is often blatantly obvious, many holistic scientists did not content themselves with a general opposition to a mechanistic worldview but aimed at a rational foundation of their holistic projects. (...)
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  12. Phillip R. Sloan (2006). Kant on the History of Nature: The Ambiguous Heritage of the Critical Philosophy for Natural History. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (4):627-648.
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  13. John Corcoran (2006). C. I. Lewis: History and Philosophy of Logic. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (1):1-9.
    C. I. Lewis (I883-I964) was the first major figure in history and philosophy of logic—-a field that has come to be recognized as a separate specialty after years of work by Ivor Grattan-Guinness and others (Dawson 2003, 257).Lewis was among the earliest to accept the challenges offered by this field; he was the first who had the philosophical and mathematical talent, the philosophical, logical, and historical background, and the patience and dedication to objectivity needed to excel. He was (...)
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  14.  5
    John L. Taylor & Andrew Hunt (2014). History and Philosophy of Science and the Teaching of Science in England. In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer 2045-2081.
    This chapter relates a broadly chronological story of the developments over the last 50 years that have sought to reshape the science curriculum in English schools by introducing aspects of the history of science and nature of science. The chapter highlights key curriculum projects by outlining the contexts in which they developed and summarising their rationales as set out in their publications. It also provides signposts to some of the reports of research and scholarship that have evaluated these (...)
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  15.  17
    John David North, John J. Roche & A. C. Crombie (eds.) (1985). The Light of Nature: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science Presented to A.C. Crombie. Distributors for the United States and Canada Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    INTRODUCTION This volume of essays is meant as a tribute to Alistair Crombie by some of those who have studied with him. The occasion of its publication is ...
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  16.  2
    Nathan Rotenstreich (1960). From Facts to Thoughts: Collingwood's Views on the Nature of History: PHILOSOPHY. Philosophy 35 (133):122-137.
    There is a common distinction between two aspects of history: history as the object dealt with and history as the way of dealing with the object. Within the “objective” aspect of history one may distinguish between the attempt to define the object as man and the attempt to define it as process. Within the “subjective” aspect there is the prevailing tendency to put forward the nature of the onceptual method as one employing individual concepts.
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  17.  49
    José Ferreirós (2009). C.K. Raju. Cultural Foundations of Mathematics: The Nature of Mathematical Proof and the Transmission of the Calculus From India to Europe in the 16th C. Ce. History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization. [REVIEW] Philosophia Mathematica 17 (3):nkn028.
    This book is part of a major project undertaken by the Centre for Studies in Civilizations , being one of a total of ninety-six planned volumes. The author is a statistician and computer scientist by training, who has concentrated on historical matters for the last ten years or so. The book has very ambitious aims, proposing an alternative philosophy of mathematics and a deviant history of the calculus. Throughout, there is an emphasis on the need to combine (...) and philosophy of mathematics, especially in order to evaluate properly the history of mathematics in India, in particular the history of the calculus.The pivotal goals of the book are to oppose the Eurocentric account of the history of science in general and mathematics in particular; to avoid the usual philosophical idea of the centrality of proof for mathematical knowledge, in favour of the traditional Indian notion of pramāṇa [validation] encompassing empirical elements and emphasizing calculation; to analyze the thousand-year-long development of infinite series in India, starting in the fifth century; and to show ‘how and why the calculus was imported into Europe’ from about 1500. The result is a picture in which inputs from the Indian subcontinent and epistemology are the driving forces of the history of mathematics, as people in the European subcontinent struggle to adopt new calculation techniques from the East in spite of Western philosophico-religious biases . Thus, a ‘first math war’ involved the algorismus de numero indorum, adopted for practical reasons, which forced Europeans to modify their epistemology of number and quantities. A ‘second math war’ revolved around infinite series and the calculus, since the background of Western epistemology created ‘spurious difficulties’ about infinities and infinitesimals, partially resolved with theories of real numbers. And a ‘third math war’ is …. (shrink)
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  18. Robert C. Solomon (1984). History and Human Nature: A Philosophical Review of European Philosophy and Culture, 1750-1850. Upa.
    Originally published by Harcourt Brace Jovanovich in 1979, this volume offers a cross-disciplinary portrait of a fascinating period in modern European history and culture, 1750ó1850. It presents a philosophically contentious thesis about the nature of history and "human nature".
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  19.  20
    James Wilberding & Christoph Horn (eds.) (2012). Neoplatonism and the Philosophy of Nature. Oxford UP.
    This volume dispels the idea that Platonism was an otherworldly enterprise which neglected the study of the natural world. Leading scholars examine how the Platonists of late antiquity sought to understand and explain natural phenomena: their essays offer a new understanding of the metaphysics of Platonism, and its place in the history of science.
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  20.  4
    Nicolaas A. Rupke (1983). The Study of Fossils in the Romantic Philosophy of History and Nature. History of Science 21 (4):389-413.
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  21.  10
    Bernd Warlich (1974). “State of Nature” and the “Natural History” of Bourgeois Society. The Origins of Bourgeois Social Theory as a Philosophy of History and Social Science in Samuel Pufendorf, John Locke and Adam Smith. Philosophy and History 7 (2):153-157.
  22. Malcolm Oster (1998). Robert Boyle, a Free Enquiry Into the Vulgarly Received Notion of Nature, Edited by Edward B. Davis and Michael Hunter. Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. Pp. XXXVI+171. Isbn 0-521-56100-0, £37.50, $54.95 ; 0-521-56796-3 , £13.95, $18.95. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 31 (2):241-250.
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  23.  6
    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1970). Hegel's Philosophy of Nature. Oxford,Clarendon Press.
    This is a much-needed reissue of the standard English translation of Hegel's Philosophy of Nature, originally published in 1970. The Philosophy of Nature is the second part of Hegel's Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences, all of which is now available in English from OUP (Part I being his Logic, Part III being his Philosophy of Mind). Hegel's aim in this work is to interpret the varied phenomena of Nature from the standpoint of a dialectical (...)
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  24.  5
    James Alexander (forthcoming). The Philosophy of Political History in Oakeshott and Collingwood. New Content is Available for Journal of the Philosophy of History.
    _ Source: _Page Count 25 Every political philosopher has a philosophy of political history, if sometimes not a very good one. Oakeshott and Collingwood are two twentieth century political philosophers who were particularly concerned with the significance of history for political philosophy; and who both, in the 1940s, sketched what I call philosophies of political history: that is, systematic schemes which could make sense of the entire history of political philosophy. In this article (...)
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  25.  3
    James Alexander (2016). The Philosophy of Political History in Oakeshott and Collingwood. Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (2):279-303.
    _ Source: _Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 279 - 303 Every political philosopher has a philosophy of political history, if sometimes not a very good one. Oakeshott and Collingwood are two twentieth century political philosophers who were particularly concerned with the significance of history for political philosophy; and who both, in the 1940s, sketched what I call philosophies of political history: that is, systematic schemes which could make sense of the entire history of political (...)
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  26.  5
    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1970). Hegel's Philosophy of Nature: Being Part Two of the Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences (1830), Translated From Nicolin and Pöggeler's Edition (1959), and From the Zusätze in Michelet's Text (1847). [REVIEW] Oxford University Press.
    This is a much-needed reissue of the standard English translation of Hegel's Philosophy of Nature, originally published in 1970. The Philosophy of Nature is the second part of Hegel's Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences, all of which is now available in English from OUP (Part I being his Logic, Part III being his Philosophy of Mind). Hegel's aim in this work is to interpret the varied phenomena of Nature from the standpoint of a dialectical (...)
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  27.  22
    David J. Furley (1966). Cosmic Problems: Essays on Greek and Roman Philosophy of Nature. Cambridge University Press.
    Cambridge English Worldwide offers: - a school-based approach with links to other subject areas throughout the course, and to other classes in different countries - content and concepts related to learners' ages and levels of ability - an organisation based on the realities of teaching English at school: mixed abilities, mixed motivation, time available, and class size - material developed and successfully piloted in collaboration with teachers and classes in many parts of the world. The course consists of six levels: (...)
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  28. J. Elster & M. Dascal (1988). The Nature and Scope of Rational-Choice Explanation in Science in Reflection. The Israel Colloquium: Studies in History, Philosophy, and Sociology of Science (Vol. 3). [REVIEW] Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 110:51-79.
     
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  29. Karl Löwith & Arnold Boyd Levison (1966). Nature, History, and Existentialism and Other Essays in the Philosophy of History. Northwestern University Press.
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  30. Robert F. Barsky (ed.) (2000). Philosophy and the Passions: Toward a History of Human Nature. Penn State University Press.
    The subject of the passions has always haunted Western philosophy and, more often than not, aroused harsh judgments. For the passions represent a force of excess and lawlessness in humanity that produces troubling, confusing paradoxes. Michel Meyer provides new insight into an age-old dilemma: Does passion torture people because it blinds them, or, on the contrary, does it permit them to apprehend who and what we really are?
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  31.  5
    Astrida Orle Tantillo (2002). The Will to Create: Goethe's Philosophy of Nature. University of Pittsburgh Press.
    This makes The Will to Create accessible to a wide audience, including philosophers, historians of science, and literary theorists, as well as general readers.
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  32. Jeffrey Edwards (2002). Substance, Force, and the Possibility of Knowledge. On Kant's Philosophy of Material Nature (R. Langton). Philosophical Books 43 (2):148-149.
    A new understanding of Kant’s theory of a priori knowledge and his natural philosophy emerges from Jeffrey Edwards’s mature and penetrating study. In the Third Analogy of Experience, Kant argues for the existence of a dynamical plenum in space. This argument against empty space demonstrates that the dynamical plenum furnishes an a priori necessary condition for our experience and knowledge of an objective world. Such an a priori existence proof, however, transgresses the limits Kant otherwise places on transcendental arguments (...)
     
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  33. Shannon Mussett (2003). On the Threshold of History: The Role of Nature and Africa in Hegel’s Philosophy. The American Philosophical Association Newsletter on Philosophy and the Black Experience 3 (1):39-46.
     
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  34. R. G. Collingwood (1925). IX.—The Nature and Aims of a Philosophy of History. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 25 (1):151-174.
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  35. Michael R. Matthews (1994). Science Teaching: The Role of History and Philosophy of Science. Routledge.
    History, Philosophy and Science Teaching argues that science teaching and science teacher education can be improved if teachers know something of the history and philosophy of science and if these topics are included in the science curriculum. The history and philosophy of science have important roles in many of the theoretical issues that science educators need to address: the goals of science education; what constitutes an appropriate science curriculum for all students; how science should (...)
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  36.  7
    Frederick J. Crosson (1962). On the Ground for History in the Classical Philosophy of Human Nature. Modern Schoolman 39 (4):359-371.
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  37.  9
    Paolo Pecere (2012). The Book of Nature and the Books of Men. Idea and History of the Book in Modern and Contemporary Philosophy and Science of Nature. Quaestio 11 (1):365-404.
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  38. Wallace I. Matson, Logical Possibility, Laws of Nature, and Mind in the History of Philosophy.
     
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  39.  16
    Karyn L. Lai (2007). A Review of Antonio S. Cua's Human Nature, Ritual, and History: Studies in Xunzi and Chinese Philosophy , in Studies in Philosophy and the History of Philosophy, Vol. 43, Washington, D.C., Catholic University of America Press, 2005, 406 Pp., ISBN: 0813213851, Hb. [REVIEW] Sophia 46 (2):203-205.
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  40.  9
    James Daly (1968). Nature, History and Existentialism and Other Essays in the Philosophy of History. Philosophical Studies 17:323-325.
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  41.  11
    Richard King (2007). Bos (A.P.) The Soul and its Instrumental Body. A Reinterpretation of Aristotle's Philosophy of Living Nature. (Brill's Studies in Intellectual History 112.) Pp. X + 429. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2003. Cased, €155, US$209. ISBN: 978-90-04-13016-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 57 (02):322-323.
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  42.  5
    J. J. MacIntosh (1999). Robert Boyle: A Free Enquiry Into the Vulgarly Received Notion of Nature Edward B. Davis and Michael Hunter, Editors Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996, Xxxvi + 171 Pp., $54.95, $18.95 Paper. [REVIEW] Dialogue 38 (04):894-.
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  43.  2
    Leslie Armour (1986). Canadian Philosophy: The Nature and History of a Discipline? A Reply to Mr. Mathien. Dialogue 25 (01):67-.
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  44. B. Fritscher (1992). On the Problem of the History of Nature and on the Relationship of Philosophy and Geology Around 1800. Kant-Studien 83 (4):417-435.
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  45. Kevin T. Grau (1999). Force and Nature: The Department of History and Philosophy of Science at Indiana University, 1960-1998. Isis 90 (S2):S295-S318.
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  46. Maria Teresa Marcialis (2006). Giulio Preti and the Scientific Nature of the History of Philosophy. Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 61 (3):595-610.
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  47. Michael Ruse (1983). Nature Animated Historical and Philosophical Case Studies in Greek Medicine, Nineteenth-Century and Recent Biology, Psychiatry, and Psychoanalyis : Papers Deriving From the Third International Conference on the History and Philosophy of Science, Montreal, Canada, 1980.
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  48. William R. Shea (1983). Nature Mathematized Historical and Philosophical Case Studies in Classical Modern Natural Philosophy : Papers Deriving From the Third International Conference on the History and Philosophy of Science, Montreal, Canada, 1980.
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  49. Nicholas Steneck (1987). The Light of Nature: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science Presented to A. C. CrombieJ. D. North J. J. Roche. Isis 78 (1):89-89.
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  50.  17
    Daniel E. Shannon (2013). Hegel's Philosophy of Nature of 1805-6; Its Relation to the Phenomenology of Spirit. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 9 (1):101-132.
    800x600 Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit (1807) was supposed to be the introduction and first part of the Jena System III, and as such it was to introduce us to the other parts of the project. Most commentators on Hegel’s Phenomenology , however, do not consider how the Phenomenology relates the other parts, and some discount Hegel understanding and commitment to the natural philosophy of his day. This paper attempts to make the connection between the Phenomenology and the Natural (...) of 1805-06 explicit; to show where and how the connections are made; to identify how Hegel uses the natural sciences of his day in creating his system. By showing this I hope to prove that his concept of Spirit is born within his natural philosophy. It is part of his cosmology. Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";}. (shrink)
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