Search results for 'Philosophy of physics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  49
    Meinard Kuhlmann & Wolfgang Pietsch (2012). What Is and Why Do We Need Philosophy of Physics? Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (2):209-214.
    Philosophy of physics is a small but thriving research field situated at the intersection between the natural sciences and the humanities. However, what exactly distinguishes philosophy of physics from physics is rarely made explicit in much depth. We provide a detailed analysis in the form of eleven theses, delineating both the nature of the questions asked in philosophy of physics and the methodology with which they are addressed.
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  2.  8
    A. Quale (2008). The Issue of Reductionism. A Radical Constructivist Approach to the Philosophy of Physics. Constructivist Foundations 4 (1):43-49.
    Purpose: To examine the role of reductionism in the theoretical development of modern physics -- more specifically, in the quest for a complete unification of physical theory -- from the perspective of radical constructivism (RC). Approach: Some central features of the impact of RC on philosophy of physics are pointed out: its position of scientific relativism, with important implications for the validation of scientific propositions; and the notion of sharing constructed knowledge among individual knowers and its consequences (...)
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  3.  56
    Thomas Ryckman (2012). What Does History Matter to Philosophy of Physics? Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):496-512.
    Abstract Naturalized metaphysics remains a default presupposition of much contemporary philosophy of physics. As metaphysics is supposed to be about the general structure of reality, so a naturalized metaphysics draws upon our best physical theories: Assuming the truth of such a theory, it attempts to answer the “foundational question par excellence “, “how could the world possibly be the way this theory says it is?“ It is argued that attention to historical detail in the development and formulation of (...)
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  4.  10
    Matt Farr (2015). Tim Maudlin, Philosophy of Physics: Space and Time. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 35 (4):208-210.
  5.  42
    Dugald Murdoch (1987). Niels Bohr's Philosophy of Physics. Cambridge University Press.
    Murdoch describes the historical background of the physics from which Bohr's ideas grew; he traces the origins of his idea of complementarity and discusses its meaning and significance. Special emphasis is placed on the contrasting views of Einstein, and the great debate between Bohr and Einstein is thoroughly examined. Bohr's philosophy is revealed as being much more subtle, and more interesting than is generally acknowledged.
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  6. John Honner (1987). The Description of Nature: Niels Bohr and the Philosophy of Quantum Physics. Oxford University Press.
    Niels Bohr, founding father of modern atomic physics and quantum theory, was as original a philosopher as he was a physicist. This study explores several dimensions of Bohr's vision: the formulation of quantum theory and the problems associated with its interpretation, the notions of complementarity and correspondence, the debates with Einstein about objectivity and realism, and his sense of the infinite harmony of nature. Honner focuses on Bohr's epistemological lesson, the conviction that all our description of nature is dependent (...)
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  7. Peter Kosso (1998). Appearance and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Physics. Oxford University Press.
    Appearance and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Physics addresses quantum mechanics and relativity and their philosophical implications, focusing on whether these theories of modern physics can help us know nature as it really is, or only as it appears to us. The author clearly explains the foundational concepts and principles of both quantum mechanics and relativity and then uses them to argue that we can know more than mere appearances, and that we can know to (...)
     
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  8.  45
    Roberto Torretti (1999). The Philosophy of Physics. Cambridge University Press.
    A magisterial study of the philosophy of physics that both introduces the subject to the non-specialist and contains many original and important contributions for professionals in the area. Modern physics was born as a part of philosophy and has retained to this day a properly philosophical concern for the clarity and coherence of ideas. Any introduction to the philosophy of physics must therefore focus on the conceptual development of physics itself. This book pursues (...)
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  9. Vincent Edward Smith (1961). The Philosophy of Physics. Jamaica, N.Y.,St. John's University Press.
     
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  10.  40
    Lawrence Sklar (1992). Philosophy of Physics. Westview Press.
    The study of the physical world had its origins in philosophy, and, two-and-one-half millennia later, the scientific advances of the twentieth century are bringing the two fields closer together again. So argues Lawrence Sklar in this brilliant new text on the philosophy of physics.Aimed at students of both disciplines, Philosophy of Physics is a broad overview of the problems of contemporary philosophy of physics that readers of all levels of sophistication should find accessible (...)
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  11.  15
    Riccardo Chiaradonna & Franco Trabattoni (eds.) (2009). Physics and Philosophy of Nature in Greek Neoplatonism: Proceedings of the European Science Foundation Exploratory Workshop (Il Ciocco, Castelvecchio Pascoli, June 22-24, 2006). [REVIEW] Brill.
    This volume makes an important contribution to the understanding of Greek Neoplatonism and its historical significance.
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  12.  68
    Jeremy Butterfield & John Earman (eds.) (2007). Philosophy of Physics. Elsevier.
    The ambition of this volume is twofold: to provide a comprehensive overview of the field and to serve as an indispensable reference work for anyone who wants to work in it. For example, any philosopher who hopes to make a contribution to the topic of the classical-quantum correspondence will have to begin by consulting Klaas Landsman’s chapter. The organization of this volume, as well as the choice of topics, is based on the conviction that the important problems in the (...) of physics arise from studying the foundations of the fundamental theories of physics. It follows that there is no sharp line to be drawn between philosophy of physics and physics itself. Some of the best work in the philosophy of physics is being done by physicists, as witnessed by the fact that several of the contributors to the volume are theoretical physicists: viz., Ellis, Emch, Harvey, Landsman, Rovelli, ‘t Hooft, the last of whom is a Nobel laureate. Key features - Definitive discussions of the philosophical implications of modern physics - Masterly expositions of the fundamental theories of modern physics - Covers all three main pillars of modern physics: relativity theory, quantum theory, and thermal physics - Covers the new sciences grown from these theories: for example, cosmology from relativity theory; and quantum information and quantum computing, from quantum theory - Contains special Chapters that address crucial topics that arise in several different theories, such as symmetry and determinism - Written by very distinguished theoretical physicists, including a Nobel Laureate, as well as by philosophers - Definitive discussions of the philosophical implications of modern physics - Masterly expositions of the fundamental theories of modern physics - Covers all three main pillars of modern physics: relativity theory, quantum theory, and thermal physics - Covers the new sciences that have grown from these theories: for example, cosmology from relativity theory; and quantum information and quantum computing, from quantum theory - Contains special Chapters that address crucial topics that arise in several different theories, such as symmetry and determinism - Written by very distinguished theoretical physicists, including a Nobel Laureate, as well as by philosophers. (shrink)
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  13.  2
    John Earman & Jeremy Butterfield (eds.) (2007). Philosophy of Physics. Elsevier.
    The ambition of this volume is twofold: to provide a comprehensive overview of the field and to serve as an indispensable reference work for anyone who wants to work in it. For example, any philosopher who hopes to make a contribution to the topic of the classical-quantum correspondence will have to begin by consulting Klaas Landsman’s chapter. The organization of this volume, as well as the choice of topics, is based on the conviction that the important problems in the (...) of physics arise from studying the foundations of the fundamental theories of physics. It follows that there is no sharp line to be drawn between philosophy of physics and physics itself. Some of the best work in the philosophy of physics is being done by physicists, as witnessed by the fact that several of the contributors to the volume are theoretical physicists: viz., Ellis, Emch, Harvey, Landsman, Rovelli, ‘t Hooft, the last of whom is a Nobel laureate. Key features - Definitive discussions of the philosophical implications of modern physics - Masterly expositions of the fundamental theories of modern physics - Covers all three main pillars of modern physics: relativity theory, quantum theory, and thermal physics - Covers the new sciences grown from these theories: for example, cosmology from relativity theory; and quantum information and quantum computing, from quantum theory - Contains special Chapters that address crucial topics that arise in several different theories, such as symmetry and determinism - Written by very distinguished theoretical physicists, including a Nobel Laureate, as well as by philosophers - Definitive discussions of the philosophical implications of modern physics - Masterly expositions of the fundamental theories of modern physics - Covers all three main pillars of modern physics: relativity theory, quantum theory, and thermal physics - Covers the new sciences that have grown from these theories: for example, cosmology from relativity theory; and quantum information and quantum computing, from quantum theory - Contains special Chapters that address crucial topics that arise in several different theories, such as symmetry and determinism - Written by very distinguished theoretical physicists, including a Nobel Laureate, as well as by philosophers. (shrink)
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  14.  34
    Thomas Ryckman (2005). The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics, 1915-1925. Oxford University Press.
    Universally recognized as bringing about a revolutionary transformation of the notions of space, time, and motion in physics, Einstein's theory of gravitation, known as "general relativity," was also a defining event for 20th century philosophy of science. During the decisive first ten years of the theory's existence, two main tendencies dominated its philosophical reception. This book is an extended argument that the path actually taken, which became logical empiricist philosophy of science, greatly contributed to the current impasse (...)
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  15. Jeffrey K. McDonough, Leibniz's Philosophy of Physics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    entry for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP) This entry will attempt to provide a broad overview of the central themes of Leibniz’s philosophy of physics, as well as an introduction to some of the principal arguments and argumentative strategies he used to defend his positions. It tentatively includes sections entitled, The Historical Development of Leibniz’s Physics, Leibniz on Matter, Leibniz’s Dynamics, Leibniz on the Laws of Motion, Leibniz on Space and Time. A bibliography arranged by (...)
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  16.  27
    Michael Esfeld (1999). Holism in Cartesianism and in Today's Philosophy of Physics. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 30 (1):17-36.
    The aim of this paper is to contribute to a more balanced judgement than the widespread impression that the changes which are called for in today's philosophy of physics and which centre around the concept of holism amount to a rupture with the framework of Cartesian philosophy of physics. I argue that this framework includes a sort of holism: As a result of the identification of matter with space, any physical property can be instantiated only if (...)
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  17.  19
    Max Jammer (1991). Sir Karl Popper and His Philosophy of Physics. Foundations of Physics 21 (12):1357-1368.
    The eminent mathematical physicist Sir Hermann Bondi once said: “There is no more to science than its method, and there is no more to its method than Popper has said.” Indeed, many regard Sir Karl Raimund Popper the greatest philosopher of science in our generation. Much of what Popper “has said” refers to physics, but physicists, generally speaking, have little knowledge of what he has said. True, Popper's philosophy of science and, in particular, his realistic interpretation of quantum (...)
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  18.  23
    Marc Lange (2002). An Introduction to the Philosophy of Physics. Blackwell.
    This book combines physics, history, and philosophy in a radical new approach to introducing the philosophy of physics.
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  19.  6
    Karim J. Gherab-Martin (2013). From Structuralism to Neutral Monism in Arthur S. Eddington's Philosophy of Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 44 (4):500-512.
    Arthur S. Eddington is remembered as one of the best astrophysicists and popularizers of physics in the twentieth century. Nevertheless, his stimulating speculations in philosophy produced serious disputes among philosophers of his time, his philosophy remaining linked to idealism and mysticism. This paper shows this label to be misleading and argues for the identification of Eddington's philosophy with a kind of neutral monism regained from Bertrand Russell and influenced by the Gestalt psychology. The concept of structure (...)
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  20.  5
    Holger Lyre (2012). The Place of Philosophy of Physics in Physics and Philosophy: A Response to Michael Dummett. European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 8 (1):120-132.
    The paper is an attempt to react as direct and as close as possible on Dummett’s 2007 paper by addressing his overall theses about bridging the gulfs between philosophers and physicists and between analytical and continental philosophy on the one hand and, on the other hand, picking up a couple of more detailed issues Dummett raises about physics and its philosophy.
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  21.  14
    Dudley Shapere (1988). Modern Physics and the Philosophy of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:201 - 210.
    This paper examines some sources of the concepts of existence, explanation, and force (together with some related ideas) in ancient thought, and shows how those ideas have been altered in fundamental ways in modem physics. Some lessons for the philosophy of science, in particular implications for its methodology, are considered.
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  22.  40
    Dean Rickles (ed.) (2008). The Ashgate Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Physics. Ashgate Pub. Ltd..
    "Introducing the reader to the very latest developments in the philosophical foundations of physics, this book covers advanced material at a level suitable for ...
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  23.  29
    Henrik Zinkernagel (2011). Some Trends in the Philosophy of Physics. Theoria 26 (2):215-241.
    A short review of some recent developments in the philosophy of physics is presented. I focus on themes which illustrate relations and points of common interest between philosophy of physics and three of its ‘neighboring’ fields: Physics, metaphysics and general philosophy of science. The main examples discussed inthese three ‘border areas’ are (i) decoherence and the interpretation of quantum mechanics; (ii) time in physics and metaphysics; and (iii) methodological issues surrounding the multiverse idea (...)
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  24.  60
    K. V. Laurikainen (1990). Quantum Physics, Philosophy, and the Image of God: Insights From Wolfgang Pauli. Zygon 25 (4):391-404.
    Nobel Laureate in physics Wolfgang Pauli studied philosophy and the history of ideas intensively, especially in his later years, to form an accurate ontology vis-à-vis quantum theory. Pauli's close contacts with the Swiss psychiatrist C.G. Jung gave him special qualifications for also understanding the basic problems of empirical knowledge. After Pauli's sudden death in 1958, this work was maintained mainly in his posthumously published correspondence, which so far extends only to 1939. Because Pauli's view differs essentially from the (...)
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  25.  8
    James Wilberding (2006). The Philosophy of the Commentators, 200-600 AD: A Sourcebook. Vol. I, Psychology (with Ethics and Religion). Vol. II, Physics. Vol. III, Logic and Metaphysics (Review). [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (3):470-471.
    James Wilberding - The Philosophy of the Commentators, 200-600 AD: A Sourcebook. Vol. I, Psychology . Vol. II, Physics. Vol. III, Logic and Metaphysics - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44:3 Journal of the History of Philosophy 44.3 470-471 Richard Sorabji. The Philosophy of the Commentators, 200–600 AD: A Sourcebook. Vol. I, Psychology . Pp. xv + 430. Vol. II, Physics. Pp. xix + 401. Vol. III, Logic and Metaphysics. Pp. xvii + 394. (...)
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  26.  10
    A. A. Pechenkin (2000). Operationalism as the Philosophy of Soviet Physics: The Philosophical Backgrounds of L. I. Mandelstam and His School. Synthese 124 (3):407-432.
    This article is dedicated to the philosophy ofscience which was developed by the outstanding Soviet physicist and leader of a powerful scientificcommunity, L. I. Mandelstam. It is shown that thisphilosophy can be summed up under the heading operationalism. A comparison with the paradigmaticoperationalism of Percy Bridgman is undertaken andthe German positivist roots of Mandelstam's philosophyare indicated. The final section reconstructs the principle ofexpedient idealization, the principle which was putforward by Mandelstam's disciples in the spirit of hisoperationalism to solve problems (...)
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  27.  8
    Arthur Stanley Eddington (1958). The Philosophy of Physical Science. [Ann Arbor]University of Michigan Press.
    The lectures have afforded me an opportunity of developing more fully than in my earlier books the principles of philosophic thought associated with the modern advances of physical science. It is often said that there is no "philosophy of ...
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  28.  3
    Bruce Silver (1977). Reply to Professor Mirarchi's Force and Absolute Motion in Berkeley's Philosophy of Physics. Journal of the History of Ideas 38.
    Professor l a mirarchi argues, In his "force and absolute motion in berkeley's philosophy of physics" (_journal of the history of ideas, Volume 38, Pages 705-713), That I have misunderstood berkeley's treatment of inertial motion. I contend, Despite professor mirarchi's criticism, That while berkeley accepts the newtonian principle of inertia, He cannot accommodate it into his own radically contingent picture of the universe.
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  29.  35
    Iulian D. Toader (2015). Editorial: New Perspectives in the Philosophy of Physics. Foundations of Physics:1.
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  30.  17
    Dean Rickles (2008). Advancing the Philosophy of Physics. In The Ashgate Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Physics. Ashgate Pub. Ltd. 4--15.
  31.  0
    E. A. Milne (1934). Some Points in the Philosophy of Physics: Time, Evolution and Creation1: Some Points in the Philosophy of Physics. Philosophy 9 (33):19-38.
    When I agreed to lecture to-night I stipulated that I might be allowed to interpret the subject announced so as to let my treatment relate less to the subject in general than to some particular aspects which happen to have been interesting me lately. Professor Whitehead, Sir Arthur Eddington, and Sir James Jeans have given to the world brilliant accounts of the present position of physics in relation to mathematics and philosophy. What I have to say bears to (...)
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  32. Jeremy Butterfield & John Earman, Introduction to the Philosophy of Physics: Volume 2 of the North-Holland Series, the Handbook of the Philosophy of Science.
    This is the editors' introduction to a new anthology of commissioned articles covering the various branches of philosophy of physics. We introduce the articles in terms of the three pillars of modern physics: relativity theory, quantum theory and thermal physics. We end by discussing the present state, and future prospects, of fundamental physics.
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  33.  91
    Jeremy Butterfield, The Philosophy of Physics.
    This is an excellent book, by a very distinguished historian and philosopher of physics. Roberto Torretti is principally known to historians and philosophers of physics through his previous books, Philosophy of Geometry from Riemann to Poincaré (1978), Relativity and Geometry (1983), and Creative Understanding: Philosophical Reflections on Physics (1990). As the first two titles suggest, his forte is the history and philosophy of geometry and spacetime physics, especially from the nineteenth century onwards. These two (...)
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  34.  50
    Mario Augusto Bunge (1973). Philosophy of Physics. Boston,Reidel.
    PHILOSOPHY: BEACON OR TRAP* There was a time when everyone expected almost everything from philosophy. It was the time when philosophers drew confidently ...
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  35.  0
    Miklós Rédei (2002). Mathematical Physics and Philosophy of Physics. Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 9:239-243.
    The main claim of this talk is that mathematical physics and philosophy of physics are not different. This claim, so formulated, is obviously false because it is overstated; however, since no non-tautological statement is likely to be completely true, it is a meaningful question whether the overstated claim expresses some truth. I hope it does, or so I’ll argue. The argument consists of two parts: First I’ll recall some characteristic features of von Neumann’s work on mathematical foundations (...)
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  36.  35
    Katherine Brading (2015). Physically Locating the Present: A Case of Reading Physics as a Contribution to Philosophy. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 50:13-19.
    In this paper I argue that reading history of physics as a contribution to history of philosophy is important for contemporary philosophy of physics. My argument centers around a particular case: special relativity versus presentism. By means of resources drawn from reading aspects of Newton's work as contributions to philosophy, I argue that there is in physics an alternative way to approach what we mean by "present" such that (without adding any preferred foliation or (...)
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  37. Michael Esfeld (2001). Holism in Philosophy of Mind and Philosophy of Physics.
     
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  38.  1
    Crosbie Smith (2006). 'Mechanical Philosophy' and the Emergence of Physics in Britain: 1800–1850. Annals of Science 33 (1):3-29.
    In the late eighteenth century Newton's Principia was studied in the Scottish universities under the influence of the local school of ‘Common Sense’ philosophy. John Robison, holding the key chair of natural philosophy at Edinburgh from 1774 to 1805, provided a new conception of ‘mechanical philosophy’ which proved crucial to the emergence of physics in nineteenth century Britain. At Cambridge the emphasis on ‘mixed mathematics’ was taken to a new level of refinement and application by the (...)
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  39.  44
    Elaine Maria Paiva de Andrade, Jean Faber & Luiz Pinguelli Rosa (2013). A Spontaneous Physics Philosophy on the Concept of Ether Throughout the History of Science: Birth, Death and Revival. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 18 (3):559-577.
    In the course of the history of science, some concepts have forged theoretical foundations, constituting paradigms that hold sway for substantial periods of time. Research on the history of explanations of the action of one body on another is a testament to the periodic revival of one theory in particular, namely, the theory of ether. Even after the foundation of modern Physics, the notion of ether has directly and indirectly withstood the test of time. Through a spontaneous physics (...)
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  40.  11
    Michael Liston (2007). Roland Omnès. Converging Realities: Towards a Common Philosophy of Physics and Mathematics. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2005. Pp. XVII + 264. Isbn 0-691-11530-. [REVIEW] Philosophia Mathematica 15 (2):257-267.
    In this book physicist Roland Omnès addresses some big questions in philosophy of mathematics. Anyone who reflects on the history and practice of mathematics and the sciences, especially physics, will naturally be struck by some remarkable coincidences. First, often newly developed mathematics was not well understood. But its successful applications and its agreement with intuitive representations of reality promoted confidence in its correctness even absent clear foundations . Later, this confidence is vindicated when a proper setting for the (...)
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  41.  15
    Henry Margenau (1950/1977). The Nature of Physical Reality: A Philosophy of Modern Physics. Ox Bow Press.
  42.  3
    Jonathan Bain (2009). A Package of Positions in The Philosophy of Physics. Metascience 18 (3):485-489.
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  43.  26
    Eleanor Knox (2011). The Ashgate Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Physics. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (2):199 - 202.
    International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Volume 25, Issue 2, Page 199-202, June 2011.
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  44. Barry Loewer, The Philosophy of Physics.
    It is not so much a distinct and established academic discipline as it is a sort of boundary, a sort of frontier, across which theoretical physics and modern western philosophy have been interrogating and informing and unsettling one another, for something on the order of four hundred years now, about the character of matter, the nature of space and time, the question of determinism, meaning of chance, the possibility of knowledge, and much else besides.
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  45.  17
    Emily R. Grosholz (1986). A Case Study in the Application of Mathematics to Physics: Descartes' Principles of Philosophy, Part II. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:116 - 124.
    The question of how and why mathematics can be applied to physical reality should be approached through the history of science, as a series of case studies which may reveal both generalizable patterns and salient differences in the grounds and nature of that application from era to era. The present examination of Descartes' Principles of Philosophy Part II, reveals a deep ambiguity in the relation of Euclidean geometry to res extensa, and a tension between geometrical form and 'common motion (...)
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  46.  22
    Joseph S. Freedman (2001). "Professionalization" and "Confessionalization": The Place of Physics, Philosophy, and Arts Instruction At Central European Academic Institutions During the Reformation Era. Early Science and Medicine 6 (4):334-352.
    During the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, physics was regularly taught as part of instruction in philosophy and the arts at Central European schools and universities. However, physics did not have a special or privileged status within that instruction. Three general indicators of this lack of special status are suggested in this article. First, teachers of physics usually were paid less than teachers of most other university-level subject-matters. Second, very few Central European academics during this period (...)
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  47.  20
    Décio Krause & Jonas Rafael Becker Arenhart (2013). Perspectivismo na filosofia da ciência: um estudo de caso na física quântica / Perspectivism in philosophy of science: a case-study in quantum physics. Scientiae Studia 11 (1):159-183.
    PORTUGUESE: Neste artigo, apresentaremos uma visão particular do desenvolvimento de teorias científicas que denominamos (inspirados em Ortega y Gasset) "perspectivismo". Discutiremos como, através desse enfoque, é possível compatibilizar diversas descrições aparentemente distintas e incompatíveis de uma suposta realidade que se investiga. Fazemos isso distinguindo entre a "realidade" (R) e a "descrição empírica da realidade" (Re). Aceitando que podemos ter diversas descrições empíricas de uma mesma realidade, discutimos o caso particular em que esse esquema é utilizado nos debates atuais acerca da (...)
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  48.  1
    Henry P. Stapp (2014). Quantum Physics and Philosophy of Mind. In Uwe Meixner & Antonella Corradini (eds.), Quantum Physics Meets the Philosophy of Mind: New Essays on the Mind-Body Relation in Quantum-Theoretical Perspective. De Gruyter 5-16.
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  49. Anton Alterman (2000). Wittgenstein and the Grammar of Physics: A Study of Ludwig Wittgenstein's 1929--1930 Manuscripts and the Roots of His Later Philosophy. [REVIEW] Dissertation, City University of New York
    In 1929 Wittgenstein began to work on the first philosophical manuscripts he had kept since completing the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus in 1918. The impetus for this was his conviction that the logic of the TLP was flawed: it was unable to account for the fact that a proposition that assigns a single value on a continuum to a simple object thereby excludes all assignments of different values to the object . Consequently Wittgenstein's "atomic propositions" could not be logically independent of one (...)
     
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  50. Laurence Bright (1960). Whitehead's Philosophy of Physics. New York, Sheed and Ward.
     
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