Search results for 'Philosophy, Medical' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Fredrik Svenaeus (2000). The Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenology of Health: Steps Towards a Philosophy of Medical Practice. Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 204.0
    Fredrik Svenaeus' book is a delight to read. Not only does he exhibit keen understanding of a wide range of topics and figures in both medicine and philosophy, but he manages to bring them together in an innovative manner that convincingly demonstrates how deeply these two significant fields can be and, in the end, must be mutually enlightening. Medicine, Svenaeus suggests, reveals deep but rarely explicit themes whose proper comprehension invites a careful phenomenological and hermeneutical explication. Certain philosophical approaches, on (...)
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  2. William E. Stempsey (2007). Medical Humanities and Philosophy: Is the Universe Expanding or Contracting? [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (4):373-383.score: 198.0
    The question of whether the universe is expanding or contracting serves as a model for current questions facing the medical humanities. The medical humanities might aptly be described as a metamedical multiverse encompassing many separate universes of discourse, the most prominent of which is probably bioethics. Bioethics, however, is increasingly developing into a new interdisciplinary discipline, and threatens to engulf the other medical humanities, robbing them of their own distinctive contributions to metamedicine. The philosophy of medicine considered (...)
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  3. Mario Bunge (2013). Medical Philosophy: Conceptual Issues in Medicine. World Scientific.score: 180.0
    Traditional medicines -- Modern medicine -- Disease -- Diagnosis -- Drug -- Trial -- Treatment -- Prevention -- Iatroethics -- Science or technology, craft or service?
     
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  4. Edmund D. Pellegrino (1981). A Philosophical Basis of Medical Practice: Toward a Philosophy and Ethic of the Healing Professions. Oxford University Press.score: 180.0
     
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  5. Martyn Evans (2001). The 'Medical Body' as Philosophy's Arena. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (1):17-32.score: 174.0
    Medicine, as Byron Good argues, reconstitutes thehuman body of our daily experience as a medical body,unfamiliar outside medicine. This reconstitution can be seen intwo ways: (i) as a salutary reminder of the extent to which thereality even of the human body is constructed; and (ii) as anarena for what Stephen Toulmin distinguishes as theintersection of natural science and history, in which many ofphilosophy''s traditional (and traditionally abstract) questionsare given concrete and urgent form.This paper begins by examining a number of (...)
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  6. David J. Casarett (1999). Moral Perception and the Pursuit of Medical Philosophy. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (2):125-139.score: 174.0
    This paper begins by examining the claim that the practice of medicine is essentially a moral endeavor. According to this view, all clinical practice has moral content, and each clinical situation has a moral dimension. I suggest that in order to recognize this moral dimension, clinicians must engage in an interpretive process, and that they must be able to interpret clinical data in ethical terms. However, clinicians often lack the ‘moral perception’ required to appreciate this moral dimension. I will argue (...)
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  7. William E. Stempsey (1999). The Quarantine of Philosophy in Medical Education: Why Teaching the Humanities May Not Produce Humane Physicians. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (1):3-9.score: 162.0
    Patients increasingly see physicians not as humane caregivers but as unfeeling technicians. The study of philosophy in medical school has been proposed to foster critical thinking about one's assumptions, perspectives and biases, encourage greater tolerance toward the ideas of others, and cultivate empathy. I suggest that the study of ethics and philosophy by medical students has failed to produce the humane physicians we seek because of the way the subject matter is quarantined in American medical education. First, (...)
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  8. Raimo Puustinen (1999). Bakhtin's Philosophy and Medical Practice — Toward a Semiotic Theory of Doctor — Patient Interaction. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (3):275-281.score: 162.0
    Doctor-patient interaction has gained increasing attention among sociologists and linguists during the last few decades. The problem with the studies performed so far, however, has been a lack of a theoretical framework which could bring together the various phenomena observed within medical consultations. Mikhail Bakhtin's philosophy of language offers us tools for studying medical practice as socio-cultural semiotic phenomenon. Applying Bakhtin's ideas of polyphonic, context-dependent and open-ended nature of human communication opens the possibilities to develop prevailing theoretical and (...)
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  9. Zbigniew Zalewski (2000). What Philosophy Should Be Taught to the Future Medical Professionals? Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (2):161-167.score: 162.0
    The presence of philosophy, amidst other humanities,within the body of medical education seems to raise no doubt nowadays. There are, however, some questions of a general nature to be discussed regarding the aforementioned fact. Three of them are of the greatest importance: (1) What image of medicine prevails in modern Western societies? (2)What ideals of medical professionals are commonly shared in these societies? (3) What is the intellectual background of the students of medico-related faculties? The real purposes and (...)
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  10. F. Töpfer & U. Wiesing (2005). The Medical Theory of Richard Koch II: Natural Philosophy and History. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (3):323-334.score: 162.0
    Richard Koch1 became known in the 1920s with works on basic medical theory. Among these publications, the character of medical action and its status within the theory of science was presented as the most important theme. While science is inherently driven by the pursuit of knowledge for its own sake, medicine pursues the practical purpose of helping the sick. Therefore, medicine must be seen as an active relationship between a helping and a suffering person. While elucidating this relationship, (...)
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  11. Hiro Hirai (2011). Medical Humanism and Natural Philosophy: Renaissance Debates on Matter, Life, and the Soul. Brill.score: 156.0
    Exploring Renaissance humanists’ debates on matter, life and the soul, this volume addresses the contribution of humanist culture to the evolution of early modern natural philosophy so as to shed light on the medical context of the ...
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  12. Robert M. Veatch (2006). How Philosophy of Medicine has Changed Medical Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (6):585 – 600.score: 150.0
    The celebration of thirty years of publication of The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy provides an opportunity to reflect on how medical ethics has evolved over that period. The reshaping of the field has occurred in no small part because of the impact of branches of philosophy other than ethics. These have included influences from Kantian theory of respect for persons, personal identity theory, philosophy of biology, linguistic analysis of the concepts of health and disease, personhood theory, epistemology, and (...)
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  13. Elena Aronova (2009). In Search of the Soul in Science: Medical Ethics' Appropriation of Philosophy of Science in the 1970s. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 31 (1):5 - 33.score: 150.0
    This paper examines the deployment of science studies within the field of medical ethics. For a short time, the discourse of medical ethics became a fertile ground for a dialogue between philosophically minded bioethicists and the philosophers of science who responded to Thomas Kuhn's challenge. In their discussion of the validity of Kuhn's work, these bioethicists suggested a distinct interpretation of Kuhn, emphasizing the elements in his account that had been independently developed by Michael Polanyi, and propelling a (...)
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  14. D. C. Thomasma (1980). A Philosophy of a Clinically Based Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 6 (4):190-196.score: 150.0
    Pellegrino and Siegler have argued that medical ethics must be taught 'at the bedside', or clinically. This paper is an attempt to establish the need for clinical teaching of medical ethics both to medical students and to medical ethicists who are not physicians. Through a critique of six positions regarding the aims of medical ethics, four principles are established which are the basis of a philosophy of education for medical ethics. The need for a (...)
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  15. James Giordano (2010). Respice...Prospice: Philosophy, Ethics and Medical Care- Past, Present, and Future. [REVIEW] Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 5 (1):1-3.score: 150.0
    Respice...prospice: Philosophy, ethics and the character of medical care for the future.
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  16. Ilana Löwy (1990). Medical Critique [Krytyka Lekarska]: A Journal of Medicine and Philosophy – 1897–1907. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (6):653-674.score: 150.0
    Medico-philosophical reflections were developed in the 19th and the 20th centuries by three consecutive generations of Polish physicians, active in what was later named the Polish School of Philosophy of Medicine. The second generation of this school published its own journal, Medical Critique [Krytika Lekarska], from 1897 to 1907. Medical Critique included numerous articles on the nature of medical knowledge, the reductionism versus holism debate in biology and medicine, the importance of teleologically-oriented approaches in medicine, the influence (...)
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  17. Thomas A. Cavanaugh, Jean E. Chambers, Tony Cornford, Leonard M. Fleck, Matti Häyry & Thomas K. Hazlet (2001). Mary HM Bach is a Student in the School of Pharmacy at the University of Washington, Seattle. Keith A. Bauer, MSW, is a Graduate Student in the Department of Philosophy/Medical Ethics at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. His Dissertation Addresses the Ethics and Social Dimensions of Home-Based Telemedicine, the Use of Infor. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10:123-124.score: 150.0
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  18. A. H. Hawkins (1996). Literature, Philosophy, and Medical Ethics: Let the Dialogue Go On. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 21 (3):341-354.score: 150.0
    This is a reply to Dan Clouser's philosophical commentary on the essays in this issue. Important assumptions that condition his perspective on the essays are identified and analyzed. Attention is drawn to his unhistorical emphasis on the exclusive importance of philosophy in ethical thought, and his resulting insistence that any discipline wishing to contribute to biomedical discourse must adopt the assumptions and methodologies of philosophy. Clouser's “three tenets” are examined, and then the question of what literature, considered in terms of (...)
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  19. Robert Baker & Laurence B. McCullough (2007). The Relationship Between Moral Philosophy and Medical Ethics Reconsidered. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (3):271-276.score: 144.0
    : Medical ethics often is treated as applied ethics, that is, the application of moral philosophy to ethical issues in medicine. In an earlier paper, we examined instances of moral philosophy's influence on medical ethics. We found the applied ethics model inadequate and sketched an alternative model. On this model, practitioners seeking to change morality "appropriate" concepts and theory fragments from moral philosophy to valorize and justify their innovations. Goldilocks-like, five commentators tasted our offerings. Some found them too (...)
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  20. Robert Baker & Laurence B. McCullough (2007). Medical Ethics' Appropriation of Moral Philosophy: The Case of the Sympathetic and the Unsympathetic Physician. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (1):3-22.score: 144.0
    Philosophy textbooks typically treat bioethics as a form of "applied ethics"-i.e., an attempt to apply a moral theory, like utilitarianism, to controversial ethical issues in biology and medicine. Historians, however, can find virtually no cases in which applied philosophical moral theory influenced ethical practice in biology or medicine. In light of the absence of historical evidence, the authors of this paper advance an alternative model of the historical relationship between philosophical ethics and medical ethics, the appropriation model. They offer (...)
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  21. Henrik R. Wulff (1992). Philosophy of Medicine — From a Medical Perspective. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 13 (1).score: 144.0
    In this commentary on the article by Arthur L. Caplan [1] the philosophy of medicine is viewed from a medical perspective. Philosophical studies have a long tradition in medicine, especially during periods of paradigmatic unrest, and they serve the same goal as other medical activities: the prevention and treatment of disease. The medical profession needs the help of professional philosophers in much the same way as it needs the cooperation of basic scientists. Philosophy of medicine may not (...)
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  22. Evert Van Leeuwen & Gerrit K. Kimsma (1997). Philosophy of Medical Practice: A Discursive Approach. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 18 (1-2).score: 144.0
    In spite of the seminal work A Philosophical Basis of Medical Practice, the debate on the task and goals of philosophy of medicine still continues. From an European perspective it is argued that the main topics dealt with by Pellegrino and Thomasma are still particularly relevant to medical practice as a healing practice, while expressing the need for a philosophy of medicine. Medical practice is a discursive practice which is highly influenced by other discursive practices like science, (...)
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  23. Jeffrey Spike (1991). The Need for Teaching Philosophy in Medical Education. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (4).score: 144.0
    The dearth of philosophical contributions to medicine has recently been discussed in a series of articles in this journal. The present article focuses on physicians' lack of training in philosophy as a part of the explanation of the scarcity of works in philosophy of medicine. In section I I outline two philosophy courses which would be reasonable additions to the medical school curriculum required of all medical students. In section II I suggest two other philosophy courses as electives (...)
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  24. S. R. Jha (1998). The Tacit–Explicit Connection: Polanyian Integrative Philosophy and a Neo-Polanyian Medical Epistemology. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (6):547-568.score: 132.0
    The purpose of this paper is to introduce an approach to clinical practice aiming to resolve the dilemma of choosing between a mechanistic and a phenomenological model. The approach is an extension of Polanyi's epistemology. Michael Polanyi (1891–1976), devised an epistemology of science which overcomes the problem of detachment, inherent in the mechanistic approach, and resolves the problem of subjectivity troubling phenomenologists. His epistemology is known as Personal Knowledge. An extension (...)
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  25. Raphael Sassower & Michael A. Grodin (1988). Beyond Medical Ethics: New Directions for Philosophy and Medicine. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities and Bioethics 9 (2):121-134.score: 132.0
    A unique relationship exists between physicians and philosophers — one that expands on the constructive potential of the liaison between physicians and, for example, theologians, on the one hand, or, social workers on the other. This liaison should focus in the scientific aspects of medicine, not just the ethical aspects. Philosophers can provide physicians with a perspective on both the philosophy and the history of medicine through the ages — a sense of how medicine has adapted to the social cultural (...)
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  26. Langley Porter (1946). Thesis and Antithesis in Medical Philosophy: An Address Delivered to the Society of Nu Sigma Nu. [Mr. And Mrs. Laurence Myers].score: 132.0
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  27. Ajit Kumar Sinha (1983). Philosophy of Health and Medical Sciences. Associated Publishers.score: 132.0
     
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  28. David C. Thomasma & Edmund D. Pellegrino (1981). Philosophy of Medicine as the Source for Medical Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (1):5-11.score: 126.0
    The article offers an approach to inquiry about, the foundation of medical ethics by addressing three areas of conceptual presupposition basic to medical ethical theory. First, medical ethics must presuppose a view about the nature of medicine. it is argued that the view required by a cogent medical morality entails that medicine be seen both as a healing relationship and as a practical art. Three ways in which medicine inherently involves values and valuation are presented as (...)
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  29. Stuart F. Spicker (1976). Terra Firma and Infirma Species: From Medical Philosophical Anthropology to Philosophy of Medicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1 (2):104-135.score: 126.0
  30. Caroline Whitbeck (1981). On the Aims of Medicine: Comments on 'Philosophy of Medicine as the Source for Medical Ethics'. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (1):35-41.score: 126.0
    Health defined as the psychophysiological capacity to act or respond appropriately in a wide variety of situations, is enhanced by many means other than preventing and treating disease and injury. Therefore no choice of a particular medical intervention is likely to maximize health for all people with (or at risk for) a given disease. As a result, if medical practitioners are to be fully competent in the sense of knowing not only how to perform procedures but when and (...)
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  31. H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr (1990). The Birth of the Medical Humanities and the Rebirth of the Philosophy of Medicine: The Vision of Edmund D. Pellegrino. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (3):237-241.score: 126.0
  32. Marx W. Wartofsky (1976). How to Begin Again: Medical Therapies for the Philosophy of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:109 - 122.score: 126.0
  33. Kimberly Garchar & John Kaag (2014). Classical American Philosophy and Modern Medical Ethics: The Case of Richard Cabot. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society: A Quarterly Journal in American Philosophy 49 (4):553-574.score: 126.0
    In November of 1893, Richard Cabot euthanized his brother Ted, who was suffering from the effects of untreated diabetes. Richard assumed responsibility of Ted’s care in June of that year and administered many treatments to ease the suffering and symptoms of his brother. These treatments, however, were ultimately ineffective to stave off the pain of renal failure and infection. Richard adored his older brother, and according to him, was the one that Richard “loved best.” As the date of Ted’s euthanization (...)
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  34. Henk A. M. J. ten Have (1999). Medical Philosophy and the Cultivation of Humanity. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (1):1-2.score: 126.0
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  35. S. Holm (2000). The Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenology of Health – Steps Towards a Philosophy of Medical Practice Fredrik Svenaeus, Linköping, Linköping University Press, 1999, 314 Pages, 250 SEK/£20. [REVIEW] Medical Humanities 26 (1):61-62.score: 126.0
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  36. J. Arbuthnot (1980). Philosophy and Teaching Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 6 (1):27-29.score: 126.0
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  37. Nance Cunningham Butler (1985). Applied Philosophy in Health Care Outside the Medical Ethics Arena. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 2 (3):75-80.score: 126.0
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  38. G. Mooney (1984). Medical Costs, Moral Choices, A Philosophy of Health Care Economics in America. Journal of Medical Ethics 10 (2):96-96.score: 126.0
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  39. H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr (1977). V. Teaching Philosophy of Science in a Medical School. Teaching Philosophy 2 (2):122-125.score: 126.0
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  40. J. Haldane (1995). Medical Ethics Today: Its Practice and Philosophy. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (2):120-120.score: 126.0
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  41. Nikolai Krementsov (2011). From 'Beastly Philosophy'to Medical Genetics: Eugenics in Russia and the Soviet Union. Annals of Science 68 (1):61-92.score: 126.0
    Summary This essay offers an overview of the three distinct periods in the development of Russian eugenics: Imperial (1900?1917), Bolshevik (1917?1929), and Stalinist (1930?1939). Began during the Imperial era as a particular discourse on the issues of human heredity, diversity, and evolution, in the early years of the Bolshevik rule eugenics was quickly institutionalized as a scientific discipline?complete with societies, research establishments, and periodicals?that aspired an extensive grassroots following, generated lively public debates, and exerted considerable influence on a range of (...)
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  42. P. Louhiala (2003). Philosophy for Medical Students--Why, What, and How. Medical Humanities 29 (2):87-88.score: 126.0
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  43. Karin Ekholm (2013). Hiro Hirai . Medical Humanism and Natural Philosophy: Renaissance Debates on Matter, Life and the Soul . Leiden: Brill, 2011. Pp. Xiii+227. $136.00 (Cloth). [REVIEW] Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 3 (2):367-371.score: 126.0
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  44. H. Lesser (2001). Individual Liberty and Medical Control: Heta Hayry, Avebury Series in Philosophy, Ashgate, Aldershot, 1998, Vi+102 Pages, Pound29.95. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (3):207-208.score: 126.0
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  45. Heiner Klemme (1999). John Gregory and the Invention of Professional Medical Ethics and the Profession of Medicine, And: John Gregory's Writings on Medical Ethics and Philosophy of Medicine, And: Medicine and Morals in the Enlightenment: John Gregory, Thomas Percival and Benjamin Rush (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 37 (3):535-538.score: 126.0
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  46. S. G. Potts (1990). Philosophy and Practice of Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 16 (3):162-162.score: 126.0
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  47. R. Meakin (2004). Editorial: Philosophy in the Undergraduate Medical Curriculum-- Beyond Medical Ethics. Medical Humanities 30 (1):53-53.score: 126.0
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  48. S. Holm (2005). Bioethics Down Under--Medical Ethics Engages with Political Philosophy. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (1):1-1.score: 126.0
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  49. John White (1987). The Medical Condition of Philosophy of Education. Journal of Philosophy of Education 21 (2):155–162.score: 126.0
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  50. Wim Dekkers & Bert Gordijn (2010). Conceptual Analysis and Empirical Research in Medical Philosophy and Medical Ethics. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (1):1-2.score: 126.0
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