Search results for 'Phobia' (try it on Scholar)

43 found
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  1.  2
    Eva Gilboa-Schechtman, Edna B. Foa & Nader Amir (1999). Attentional Biases for Facial Expressions in Social Phobia: The Face-in-the-Crowd Paradigm. Cognition and Emotion 13 (3):305-318.
  2.  7
    Reza Pishyar, Lynne M. Harris & Ross G. Menzies (2008). Responsiveness of Measures of Attentional Bias to Clinical Change in Social Phobia. Cognition and Emotion 22 (7):1209-1227.
  3.  2
    Iris-Tatjana Kolassa, Stephan Kolassa, Sandra Bergmann, Romy Lauche, Stefan Dilger, Wolfgang Hr Miltner & Frauke Musial (2009). Interpretive Bias in Social Phobia: An ERP Study with Morphed Emotional Schematic Faces. Cognition and Emotion 23 (1):69-95.
  4. Maryanne Martin, Pauline Horder & Gregory V. Jones (1992). Integral Bias in Naming of Phobia-Related Words. Cognition and Emotion 6 (6):479-486.
  5. Iris-Tatjana Kolassa, Stephan Kolassa, Frauke Musial & Wolfgang Hr Miltner (2007). Event-Related Potentials to Schematic Faces in Social Phobia. Cognition and Emotion 21 (8):1721-1744.
  6. Matthias Gamer, Heiko Hecht, Nina Seipp & Wolfgang Hiller (2011). Who is Looking at Me? The Cone of Gaze Widens in Social Phobia. Cognition and Emotion 25 (4):756-764.
  7.  1
    Fraser N. Watts & Tim Dalgleish (1991). Memory for Phobia-Related Words in Spider Phobics. Cognition and Emotion 5 (4):313-329.
  8.  10
    Christopher Lane (2006). How Shyness Became an Illness a Brief History of Social Phobia. Common Knowledge 12 (3):388-409.
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  9.  1
    Karin Elsesser, Iris Heuschen, Ilka Pundt & Gudrun Sartory (2006). Attentional Bias and Evoked Heart-Rate Response in Specific Phobia. Cognition and Emotion 20 (8):1092-1107.
  10.  4
    Jan Mohlman, Jennifer Mangels & Michelle Craske (2004). The Spider Phobia Card Sorting Test: An Investigation of Phobic Fear and Executive Functioning. Cognition and Emotion 18 (7):939-960.
  11. K. Elsesser, I. Heuschen, I. Pundt & G. Sartory (2006). Attentional Bias and Evoked Heart-Rate Response in Specific Phobia. Cognition and Emotion 20 (8):1092-1107.
  12.  2
    Mariann R. Weierich & Teresa A. Treat (2015). Mechanisms of Visual Threat Detection in Specific Phobia. Cognition and Emotion 29 (6):992-1006.
  13.  1
    Martin F. Kilmer (1982). Genital Phobia and Depilation: (Plates I, IIa, B). Journal of Hellenic Studies 102:104-112.
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  14. Joanne B. Cuilla (1985). Do MBA Students Have Ethics Phobia. Business and Society Review 53:52-54.
  15.  6
    Karina S. Blair & R. J. R. Blair (2012). A Cognitive Neuroscience Approach to Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Social Phobia. Emotion Review 4 (2):133-138.
  16.  4
    Kaspar Villadsen & Mitchell Dean (2012). State-Phobia, Civil Society, and a Certain Vitalism. Constellations 19 (3):401-420.
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  17. Cristiano Castelfranchi (1st ed. 2015). Healing Social Sciences’ Psycho-Phobia: Founding Social Action and Structure on Mental Representations. In Emiliano Lorini & Andreas Herzig (eds.), The Cognitive Foundations of Group Attitudes and Social Interaction. Springer International Publishing
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  18. Cathy Creswell, Matt Woolgar, Peter Cooper, Andreas Giannakakis, Elizabeth Schofield, Andrew W. Young & Lynne Murray (2008). Processing of Faces and Emotional Expressions in Infants at Risk of Social Phobia. Cognition and Emotion 22 (3):437-458.
  19. Michiyo Hirai & Laura Vernon (2011). The Role of Disgust Propensity in Blood-Injection-Injury Phobia: Comparisons Between Asian Americans and Caucasian Americans. Cognition and Emotion 25 (8):1500-1509.
  20. R. M. Rapee & R. G. Heimberg (1997). Responsiveness of Measures of Attentional Bias to Clinical Change in Social Phobia. Cognition and Emotion 22:1209-1227.
     
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  21. Anne Schienle, Axel Schäfer, Bertram Walter, Rudolf Stark & Dieter Vaitl (2005). Elevated Disgust Sensitivity in Blood Phobia. Cognition and Emotion 19 (8):1229-1241.
  22.  3
    Jerome Neu (1995). "Does the Professor Talk to God?": Learning From Little Hans. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 2 (2):137-161.
    This essay argues that Freud’s case of Little Hans, while complicated by Hans’ father’s dual role in the analysis and in the Oedipal drama itself, provides valuable insight into the nature of psychoanalytic evidence and argument. The case provides direct, if sometimes ambiguous, evidence concerning primal phantasies and infantile sexuality--issues of universality, the role of experience, and the nature of phantasy are explored. Four strands of Freud’s analysis of Little Hans’ horse phobia are also explored. While the toxicological theory (...)
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  23. Dominic Murphy (2005). Can Evolution Explain Insanity? Biology and Philosophy 20 (4):745-766.
    I distinguish three evolutionary explanations of mental illness: first, breakdowns in evolved computational systems; second, evolved systems performing their evolutionary function in a novel environment; third, evolved personality structures. I concentrate on the second and third explanations, as these are distinctive of an evolutionary psychopathology, with progressively less credulity in the light of the empirical evidence. General morals are drawn for evolutionary psychiatry.
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  24.  4
    Allison M. Waters & Ottmar V. Lipp (2008). Visual Search for Emotional Faces in Children. Cognition and Emotion 22 (7):1306-1326.
    The ability to rapidly detect facial expressions of anger and threat over other salient expressions has adaptive value across the lifespan. Although studies have demonstrated this threat superiority effect in adults, surprisingly little research has examined the development of this process over the childhood period. In this study, we examined the efficiency of children's facial processing in visual search tasks. In Experiment 1, children (N=49) aged 8 to 11 years were faster and more accurate in detecting angry target faces embedded (...)
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  25.  8
    Elisabeth Pacherie (1994). Holophobia. Acta Analytica 12 (12):105-112.
    Holophobia can be defined as the 'neurotic' fear that semantic holism, if not instantly extirpated by the most radical means, might be a deadly threat to intentional realism. I contend that Fodor exaggerates the threat that meaning holism poses to intentional realism and to a viable account of narrow content in terms of conceptual roles. He particular, he overestimates the relevance for intentional psychology of Quine's demonstration that a substantial analytic/synthetic distinction is out of reach.I argue that all that is (...)
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  26.  3
    H. T. Woolley (1922). Personality Studies of Three-Year-Olds. Journal of Experimental Psychology 5 (6):381.
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  27.  1
    José Gustavo de Souza Paiva, Alexandre Cardoso & Edgard Lamounier Jr (2007). Uma proposta para o tratamento de fobias de direção através da criação de rotas automotivas virtuais. Aletheia 25:97-108.
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  28. Graham C. L. Davey (1994). The "Disgusting" Spider: The Role of Disease and Illness in the Perpetuation of Fear of Spiders. Society and Animals 2 (1):17-25.
    Recent studies of spider phobia have indicated thatfearof spiders is closely associated with the disease-avoidance response of disgust. It is argued that the disgust-relevant status of the spider resulted from its association with disease and illness in European cultures from the tenth century onward. The development of the association between spiders and illness appears to be linked to the many devastating and inexplicable epidemics that struck Europe from the Middle Ages onwards, when the spider was (...)
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  29. Ann Hackmann, James Bennett-Levy & Emily A. Holmes (eds.) (2011). Oxford Guide to Imagery in Cognitive Therapy. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Imagery is one of the new, exciting frontiers in cognitive therapy. From the outset of cognitive therapy, its founder Dr. Aaron T. Beck recognised the importance of imagery in the understanding and treatment of patient's problems. However, despite Beck's prescience, clinical research on imagery, and the integration of imagery interventions into clinical practice, developed slowly. It is only in the past 10 years that most writing and research on imagery in cognitive therapy has been conducted. The Oxford Guide (...)
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  30.  62
    Rosemary Lowry (2012). Reasons for Action and Psychological Capacities. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (4):521 - 531.
    Most moral philosophers agree that if a moral agent is incapable of performing some act ϕ because of a physical incapacity, then they do not have a reason to ϕ. Most also claim that if an agent is incapable of ϕ-ing due to a psychological incapacity, brought about by, for example, an obsession or phobia, then this does not preclude them from having a reason to ϕ. This is because the 'ought implies can' principle is usually interpreted as a (...)
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  31.  3
    David Lethbridge (2015). Sartre's Crabs. Sartre Studies International 21 (1):75-89.
    Sartre's phobia of crabs is traced through his experimental experience with mescaline and such literary works as _Nausea_, _The Words_ and _The Condemned of Altona_. The phobia is analysed through an examination of Sartre's biphasic childhood Oedipus complex and attendant castration anxiety relating to his mother, father and stepfather. Finally, the question is raised of what the existence of unconscious phobias might imply about the relations between existentialism and psychoanalysis.
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  32.  39
    Dr H. Stefan Bracha (2006). Human Brain Evolution and the "Neuroevolutionary Time-Depth Principle:" Implications for the Reclassification of Fear-Circuitry-Related Traits in Dsm-V and for Studying Resilience to Warzone-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Philosophical Explorations.
    The DSM-III, DSM-IV, DSM-IV-TR and ICD-10 have judiciously minimized discussion of etiologies to distance clinical psychiatry from Freudian psychoanalysis. With this goal mostly achieved, discussion of etiological factors should be reintroduced into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. A research agenda for the DSM-V advocated the "development of a pathophysiologically based classification system". The author critically reviews the neuroevolutionary literature on stress-induced and fear circuitry disorders and related amygdala-driven, species-atypical fear behaviors of clinical severity in adult (...)
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  33. William Dembski, Challenging Materialism's "Chokehold" on Neuroscience.
    In the epilogue to The Mind and the Brain , we read: "Finally, after a generation or more in which biological materialism has had neuroscience -- indeed, all the life sciences -- in a chokehold, we may at last be breaking free.... Biological materialism did and does have real-world consequences. We feel its reach every time a pharmaceutical company tells us that, to cure shyness (or "social phobia"), we need only reach for a little pill.... Biological materialism is nothing (...)
     
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  34.  3
    Matthew G. Hannah (2012). Foucault's 'German Moment': Genealogy of a Disjuncture. Foucault Studies 13:116-137.
    Foucault’s lectures from early 1979 on the German Ordo-liberalen are typically taken to comprise his most comprehensive account of why Germany is important for understanding neo-liberal governmentality more broadly. This paper argues, to the contrary, that the 1979 lectures actually obscure a potentially more complete account of German, neo-liberal governmentality Foucault had begun to sketch in 1977. To support this reading and to offer an explanation of why Foucault would have decided to alter his presentation of West German neo-liberalism, the (...)
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  35.  10
    Jennifer Lowe, Andrew M. Pomerantz & Jon C. Pettibone (2007). The Influence of Payment Method on Psychologists' Diagnostic Decisions: Expanding the Range of Presenting Problems. Ethics and Behavior 17 (1):83 – 93.
    Previous research (Kielbasa, Pomerantz, Krohn, & Sullivan, 2004; Pomerantz & Segrist, 2006) indicates that when psychologists consider a client with symptoms of depression or anxiety, payment method significantly influences diagnostic decisions. This study extends the scope of the previous research to consider clients with symptoms of social phobia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Psychologists in independent practice responded to vignettes of clients whose descriptions deliberately included subclinical impairment. Half of the participants were told that the clients would (...)
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  36.  3
    M. Rieger (2008). Maladaptive Anticipations. Constructivist Foundations 4 (1):24-25.
    Open peer commentary on the target article “How and Why the Brain Lays the Foundations for a Conscious Self” by Martin V. Butz. Excerpt: There are circumstances when anticipation can be maladaptive. In the following paragraphs, the occurrence of maladaptive anticipation will be illustrated in reference to psychological disorders (depression, generalised anxiety disorder, social phobia). It will be shown that anticipation does not always lead to improved control of oneself and the environment and that anticipation is not always beneficial. (...)
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  37.  2
    Julie Passanante Elman (2012). Cripping Safe Sex. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (3):317-326.
    Life Goes On (1989–1993) was the first television series in U.S. history not only to introduce a recurring teenaged HIV-positive character but also to feature an actor with Down syndrome in a leading role. Drawing new connections among disability studies, queer theory, and bioethics, I argue that Life responded to American disability rights activism and the AIDS epidemic of the early 1990s by depicting sex education as disability activism. By portraying fulfilling sexual relationships for its disabled protagonists, Life challenged heteronormative (...)
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  38.  2
    Motoyasu Honma (2013). Hyper-Volume of Eye-Contact Perception and Social Anxiety Traits. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):167-173.
    Eye-contact facilitates effective interpersonal exchange during social interactions, but can be a considerable source of anxiety for individuals with social phobia. However, the relationship between the fundamental spatial range of eye-contact perception and psychiatric traits is, to date, unknown. In this study, I analyzed the eye-contact spatial response bias and the associated pupil response, and how they relate to traits of social interaction disorders. In a face-to-face situation, 21 pairs of subjects were randomly assigned to be either viewers or (...)
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  39.  2
    Tony Savage (2011). Can Robots Have Phobias?: The Synthetic Modeling of Psychological Abnormality. Pragmatics and Cognition 19 (1):60-91.
    This paper evaluates the use of synthetic modeling to investigate the relationship between organic and artificial forms of behavioral mal-adaptability. In particular, it addresses the character of organic phobias and the issue of testing the validity of artificial models of these phobias. The two main accounts of organic phobias, the biological or evolutionary and the associative learning explanation, are used as the starting points of this exercise. The learning approach is explored in terms of a probability based model which uses (...)
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  40.  3
    J. Casanova (2012). The Politics of Nativism: Islam in Europe, Catholicism in the United States. Philosophy and Social Criticism 38 (4-5):485-495.
    The politics of nativism directed at Catholic immigrants in 19th-century America offer a fruitful comparative perspective through which to analyze the discourse and the politics of Islam in contemporary Europe. Anti-Catholic nativism constituted a peculiar North American version of the larger and more generalized phenomenon of anti-immigrant populist xenophobic politics which one finds in many countries and in different historical contexts. What is usually designated as Islamo-phobia in contemporary Europe, however, manifests striking resemblances with the original phenomenon of American (...)
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  41. David E. Cooper (1995). Technology: Liberation or Enslavement?: David E. Cooper. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 38:7-18.
    The week, twenty-five years ago, of the Apollo spacecraft's return visit to the moon was described by Richard Nixon as the greatest since the Creation. Across the Atlantic, a French Academician judged the same event to matter less than the discovery of a lost etching by Daumier. Attitudes to technological achievement, then, differ. And they always have. Chuang-Tzu, over 2,000 years ago, relates an exchange between a Confucian passer-by and a Taoist gardener watering vegetables with a bucket drawn from a (...)
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  42. Frederick Crews (1975). Reductionism and Its Discontents. Critical Inquiry 1 (3):543-558.
    The present disarray of psychoanalytic criticism is no doubt a cause for satisfaction among people who never cared for "deep" interpretation and who now feel confirmed in their resolution to allow literature to speak for itself. The only way to do that, however, is to remain silent—a sacrifice beyond the saintliest critic's power. To be a critic is precisely to take a stance different from the author's and to pursue a thesis of one's own. Among the arguments it is possible (...)
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  43. Rudi Visker (1991). Van Foucault naar Heidegger. Een enkele Reis? Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 53 (3):417 - 450.
    In his final interview Foucault surprised many a reader by stating that the whole of his philosophical development had been influenced by his reading of Heidegger. Until now this Foucault /Heidegger relation has been left largely unexplored, and the few articles that discussed it, took first and foremost an interest in finding parallels between the works of these thinkers. Our title, however, indicates that a different, non-doxographical approach is at stake here : the move from Foucault to Heidegger for which (...)
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