Search results for 'Phobia' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Tatjana Aue, Marie-Eve Hoeppli, Camille Piguet, Virginie Sterpenich & Patrik Vuilleumier (2013). Visual Avoidance in Phobia: Particularities in Neural Activity, Autonomic Responding, and Cognitive Risk Evaluations. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 18.0
    We investigated the neural mechanisms and the autonomic and cognitive responses associated with visual avoidance behavior in spider phobia. Spider phobic and control participants imagined visiting different forest locations with the possibility of encountering spiders, snakes, or birds (neutral reference category). In each experimental trial, participants saw a picture of a forest location followed by a picture of a spider, snake, or bird, and then rated their personal risk of encountering these animals in this context, as well as their (...)
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  2. Karina S. Blair & R. J. R. Blair (2012). A Cognitive Neuroscience Approach to Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Social Phobia. Emotion Review 4 (2):133-138.score: 9.0
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  3. Reza Pishyar, Lynne M. Harris & Ross G. Menzies (2008). Responsiveness of Measures of Attentional Bias to Clinical Change in Social Phobia. Cognition and Emotion 22 (7):1209-1227.score: 9.0
  4. Kaspar Villadsen & Mitchell Dean (2012). State-Phobia, Civil Society, and a Certain Vitalism. Constellations 19 (3):401-420.score: 9.0
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  5. Iris-Tatjana Kolassa, Stephan Kolassa, Sandra Bergmann, Romy Lauche, Stefan Dilger, Wolfgang Hr Miltner & Frauke Musial (2009). Interpretive Bias in Social Phobia: An ERP Study with Morphed Emotional Schematic Faces. Cognition and Emotion 23 (1):69-95.score: 9.0
  6. Eva Gilboa-Schechtman, Edna B. Foa & Nader Amir (1999). Attentional Biases for Facial Expressions in Social Phobia: The Face-in-the-Crowd Paradigm. Cognition and Emotion 13 (3):305-318.score: 9.0
  7. Jerome Neu (1995). &Quot;does the Professor Talk to God?&Quot;: Learning From Little Hans. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 2 (2):137-161.score: 9.0
    This essay argues that Freud’s case of Little Hans, while complicated by Hans’ father’s dual role in the analysis and in the Oedipal drama itself, provides valuable insight into the nature of psychoanalytic evidence and argument. The case provides direct, if sometimes ambiguous, evidence concerning primal phantasies and infantile sexuality--issues of universality, the role of experience, and the nature of phantasy are explored. Four strands of Freud’s analysis of Little Hans’ horse phobia are also explored. While the toxicological theory (...)
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  8. Fraser N. Watts & Tim Dalgleish (1991). Memory for Phobia-Related Words in Spider Phobics. Cognition and Emotion 5 (4):313-329.score: 9.0
  9. Cathy Creswell, Matt Woolgar, Peter Cooper, Andreas Giannakakis, Elizabeth Schofield, Andrew W. Young & Lynne Murray (2008). Processing of Faces and Emotional Expressions in Infants at Risk of Social Phobia. Cognition and Emotion 22 (3):437-458.score: 9.0
  10. Joanne B. Cuilla (1985). Do MBA Students Have Ethics Phobia. Business and Society Review 53:52-54.score: 9.0
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  11. Karin Elsesser, Iris Heuschen, Ilka Pundt & Gudrun Sartory (2006). Attentional Bias and Evoked Heart-Rate Response in Specific Phobia. Cognition and Emotion 20 (8):1092-1107.score: 9.0
  12. K. Elsesser, I. Heuschen, I. Pundt & G. Sartory (2006). Attentional Bias and Evoked Heart-Rate Response in Specific Phobia. Cognition and Emotion 20 (8):1092-1107.score: 9.0
  13. Matthias Gamer, Heiko Hecht, Nina Seipp & Wolfgang Hiller (2011). Who is Looking at Me? The Cone of Gaze Widens in Social Phobia. Cognition and Emotion 25 (4):756-764.score: 9.0
  14. Michiyo Hirai & Laura Vernon (2011). The Role of Disgust Propensity in Blood-Injection-Injury Phobia: Comparisons Between Asian Americans and Caucasian Americans. Cognition and Emotion 25 (8):1500-1509.score: 9.0
  15. Martin F. Kilmer (1982). Genital Phobia and Depilation: (Plates I, IIa, B). Journal of Hellenic Studies 102:104-112.score: 9.0
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  16. Iris-Tatjana Kolassa, Stephan Kolassa, Frauke Musial & Wolfgang Hr Miltner (2007). Event-Related Potentials to Schematic Faces in Social Phobia. Cognition and Emotion 21 (8):1721-1744.score: 9.0
  17. Christopher Lane (2006). How Shyness Became an Illness a Brief History of Social Phobia. Common Knowledge 12 (3):388-409.score: 9.0
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  18. Maryanne Martin, Pauline Horder & Gregory V. Jones (1992). Integral Bias in Naming of Phobia-Related Words. Cognition and Emotion 6 (6):479-486.score: 9.0
  19. Jan Mohlman, Jennifer Mangels & Michelle Craske (2004). The Spider Phobia Card Sorting Test: An Investigation of Phobic Fear and Executive Functioning. Cognition and Emotion 18 (7):939-960.score: 9.0
  20. R. M. Rapee & R. G. Heimberg (1997). Responsiveness of Measures of Attentional Bias to Clinical Change in Social Phobia. Cognition and Emotion 22:1209-1227.score: 9.0
  21. Anne Schienle, Axel Schäfer, Bertram Walter, Rudolf Stark & Dieter Vaitl (2005). Elevated Disgust Sensitivity in Blood Phobia. Cognition and Emotion 19 (8):1229-1241.score: 9.0
  22. Hadas Okon-Singer Tatjana Aue, Raphaël Guex, Léa A. S. Chauvigné (2013). Varying Expectancies and Attention Bias in Phobic and Non-Phobic Individuals. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 9.0
    Phobic individuals display an attention bias to phobia-related information and biased expectancies regarding the likelihood of being faced with such stimuli. Notably, although attention and expectancy biases are core features in phobia and anxiety disorders, these biases have mostly been investigated separately and their causal impact has not been examined. We hypothesized that these biases might be causally related. Spider phobic and low spider fearful control participants performed a visual search task in which they specified whether the deviant (...)
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  23. Dominic Murphy (2005). Can Evolution Explain Insanity? Biology and Philosophy 20 (4):745-766.score: 6.0
    I distinguish three evolutionary explanations of mental illness: first, breakdowns in evolved computational systems; second, evolved systems performing their evolutionary function in a novel environment; third, evolved personality structures. I concentrate on the second and third explanations, as these are distinctive of an evolutionary psychopathology, with progressively less credulity in the light of the empirical evidence. General morals are drawn for evolutionary psychiatry.
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  24. Elisabeth Pacherie (1994). Holophobia. Acta Analytica 12 (12):105-112.score: 6.0
    Holophobia can be defined as the 'neurotic' fear that semantic holism, if not instantly extirpated by the most radical means, might be a deadly threat to intentional realism. I contend that Fodor exaggerates the threat that meaning holism poses to intentional realism and to a viable account of narrow content in terms of conceptual roles. He particular, he overestimates the relevance for intentional psychology of Quine's demonstration that a substantial analytic/synthetic distinction is out of reach.I argue that all that is (...)
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  25. Wolf-Gero Lange, Mike Rinck & Eni S. Becker (2013). To Be or Not to Be Threatening, but What Was the Question? Biased Face Evaluation in Social Anxiety and Depression Depends on How You Frame the Query. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 6.0
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  26. Allison M. Waters & Ottmar V. Lipp (2008). Visual Search for Emotional Faces in Children. Cognition and Emotion 22 (7):1306-1326.score: 6.0
    The ability to rapidly detect facial expressions of anger and threat over other salient expressions has adaptive value across the lifespan. Although studies have demonstrated this threat superiority effect in adults, surprisingly little research has examined the development of this process over the childhood period. In this study, we examined the efficiency of children's facial processing in visual search tasks. In Experiment 1, children (N=49) aged 8 to 11 years were faster and more accurate in detecting angry target faces embedded (...)
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  27. H. T. Woolley (1922). Personality Studies of Three-Year-Olds. Journal of Experimental Psychology 5 (6):381.score: 6.0
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  28. José Gustavo de Souza Paiva, Alexandre Cardoso & Edgard Lamounier Jr (2007). Uma proposta para o tratamento de fobias de direção através da criação de rotas automotivas virtuais. Aletheia 25:97-108.score: 6.0
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  29. Jack B. Nitschke Deborah L. Kerr, Donald G. McLaren, Robin M. Mathy (2012). Controllability Modulates the Anticipatory Response in the Human Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 6.0
    Research has consistently shown that control is critical to psychological functioning, with perceived lack of control considered to play a crucial role in the manifestation of symptoms in psychiatric disorders. In a model of behavioral control based on nonhuman animal work, Maier and colleagues posited that the presence of control activates areas of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC), which in turn inhibit the normative stress response in the dorsal raphe nucleus and amygdala. To test Maier’s model in humans, we investigated (...)
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  30. N. Vriends, M. C. Pfaltz, P. Novianti & J. Hadiyono (2013). Taijin Kyofusho and Social Anxiety and Their Clinical Relevance in Indonesia and Switzerland. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 6.0
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  31. Graham C. L. Davey (1995). Preparedness and Phobias: Specific Evolved Associations or a Generalized Expectancy Bias? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (2):289.score: 5.0
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  32. Rosemary Lowry (2012). Reasons for Action and Psychological Capacities. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (4):521 - 531.score: 3.0
    Most moral philosophers agree that if a moral agent is incapable of performing some act ϕ because of a physical incapacity, then they do not have a reason to ϕ. Most also claim that if an agent is incapable of ϕ-ing due to a psychological incapacity, brought about by, for example, an obsession or phobia, then this does not preclude them from having a reason to ϕ. This is because the 'ought implies can' principle is usually interpreted as a (...)
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  33. Dr H. Stefan Bracha (2006). Human Brain Evolution and the "Neuroevolutionary Time-Depth Principle:" Implications for the Reclassification of Fear-Circuitry-Related Traits in Dsm-V and for Studying Resilience to Warzone-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. .score: 3.0
    The DSM-III, DSM-IV, DSM-IV-TR and ICD-10 have judiciously minimized discussion of etiologies to distance clinical psychiatry from Freudian psychoanalysis. With this goal mostly achieved, discussion of etiological factors should be reintroduced into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V). A research agenda for the DSM-V advocated the "development of a pathophysiologically based classification system". The author critically reviews the neuroevolutionary literature on stress-induced and fear circuitry disorders and related amygdala-driven, species-atypical fear behaviors of clinical severity in (...)
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  34. William Dembski, Challenging Materialism's "Chokehold" on Neuroscience.score: 3.0
    In the epilogue to The Mind and the Brain , we read: "Finally, after a generation or more in which biological materialism has had neuroscience -- indeed, all the life sciences -- in a chokehold, we may at last be breaking free.... Biological materialism did and does have real-world consequences. We feel its reach every time a pharmaceutical company tells us that, to cure shyness (or "social phobia"), we need only reach for a little pill.... Biological materialism is nothing (...)
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  35. Jennifer Lowe, Andrew M. Pomerantz & Jon C. Pettibone (2007). The Influence of Payment Method on Psychologists' Diagnostic Decisions: Expanding the Range of Presenting Problems. Ethics and Behavior 17 (1):83 – 93.score: 3.0
    Previous research (Kielbasa, Pomerantz, Krohn, & Sullivan, 2004; Pomerantz & Segrist, 2006) indicates that when psychologists consider a client with symptoms of depression or anxiety, payment method significantly influences diagnostic decisions. This study extends the scope of the previous research to consider clients with symptoms of social phobia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Psychologists in independent practice responded to vignettes of clients whose descriptions deliberately included subclinical impairment. Half of the participants were told that the clients would pay (...)
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  36. Lennart Nordenfelt (2007). Rationality and Compulsion: Applying Action Theory to Psychiatry. OUP Oxford.score: 3.0
    Rationality and Compulsion presents a unique examination of mental illness - derived from philosophical action theory. Delusion is common to many mental disorders, resulting in actions that, though perhaps rational to the individual, might seem entirely inappropriate or harmful to others. So what is it that causes these actions, and why do they continue? The theory expounded in this book shows how the key to this problem might be compulsion. -/- This book presents a new analysis of the notion of (...)
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  37. J. Casanova (2012). The Politics of Nativism: Islam in Europe, Catholicism in the United States. Philosophy and Social Criticism 38 (4-5):485-495.score: 3.0
    The politics of nativism directed at Catholic immigrants in 19th-century America offer a fruitful comparative perspective through which to analyze the discourse and the politics of Islam in contemporary Europe. Anti-Catholic nativism constituted a peculiar North American version of the larger and more generalized phenomenon of anti-immigrant populist xenophobic politics which one finds in many countries and in different historical contexts. What is usually designated as Islamo-phobia in contemporary Europe, however, manifests striking resemblances with the original phenomenon of American (...)
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  38. Peter J. de Jong & Harald Merckelbach (1997). No Convincing Evidence for a Biological Preparedness Explanation of Phobias. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):362-363.score: 3.0
    The nonrandom distribution of fears is not as clearly related to phylogenetically survival relevance as preparedness theory seems to imply. Although delayed extinction reflects some of the best human evidence for preparedness, even this phenomenon is not as robust as it once seemed to be. Apart from the evidence reviewed by Davey, recent studies from our laboratory provide further evidence for an expectancy bias model of selective associations.
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  39. Julie Passanante Elman (2012). Cripping Safe Sex. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (3):317-326.score: 3.0
    Life Goes On (1989–1993) was the first television series in U.S. history not only to introduce a recurring teenaged HIV-positive character but also to feature an actor with Down syndrome in a leading role. Drawing new connections among disability studies, queer theory, and bioethics, I argue that Life responded to American disability rights activism and the AIDS epidemic of the early 1990s by depicting sex education as disability activism. By portraying fulfilling sexual relationships for its disabled protagonists, Life challenged heteronormative (...)
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  40. Richard J. McNally (1995). Preparedness, Phobias, and the Panglossian Paradigm. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (2):303.score: 3.0
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  41. V. Lipp Ottmar (2012). The "Weaker" Conditioning Paradigm: Differences in Fear Learning and the Propensity to Develop Phobias. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 3.0
  42. M. Rieger (2008). Maladaptive Anticipations. Constructivist Foundations 4 (1):24-25.score: 3.0
    Open peer commentary on the target article “How and Why the Brain Lays the Foundations for a Conscious Self” by Martin V. Butz. Excerpt: There are circumstances when anticipation can be maladaptive. In the following paragraphs, the occurrence of maladaptive anticipation will be illustrated in reference to psychological disorders (depression, generalised anxiety disorder, social phobia). It will be shown that anticipation does not always lead to improved control of oneself and the environment and that anticipation is not always beneficial. (...)
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  43. Matthew G. Hannah (2012). Foucault's 'German Moment': Genealogy of a Disjuncture. Foucault Studies 13:116-137.score: 3.0
    Foucault’s lectures from early 1979 on the German Ordo-liberalen are typically taken to comprise his most comprehensive account of why Germany is important for understanding neo-liberal governmentality more broadly. This paper argues, to the contrary, that the 1979 lectures actually obscure a potentially more complete account of German, neo-liberal governmentality Foucault had begun to sketch in 1977. To support this reading and to offer an explanation of why Foucault would have decided to alter his presentation of West German neo-liberalism, the (...)
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  44. Lin Manhong (2009). Social Phobias in World History. Chinese Studies in History 42 (4):63-77.score: 3.0
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  45. Tony Savage (2011). Can Robots Have Phobias?: The Synthetic Modeling of Psychological Abnormality. Pragmatics and Cognition 19 (1):60-91.score: 3.0
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  46. B. Cuthbert, Pj de Jong, H. Merckelbach & Gcl Davey (1997). Preparedness and Phobias: Specific Evolved Associations or a Generalized Expectancy Bias. Commentary. Author's Response. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):361-364.score: 3.0
     
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  47. Graham C. L. Davey (1995). Expectancy Bias and Phobias: Accounting for the Uneven Distribution of Fears and the Characteristics of Clinical Phobias. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (2):315.score: 3.0
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  48. Graham C. L. Davey (1997). The Merits of an Experimentally Testable Model of Phobias. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):363-364.score: 3.0
    A series of arguments are presented by De Jong & Merckelbach which suggest that biological preparedness has been received significantly less critically than it should have been. I agree fully with their assessment. Cuthbert raises four questions about the applicability of the expectancy bias hypothesis to selective associations in human conditioning. This response argues that none of these four examples is necessarily problematic for the hypothesis.
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  49. Luc Faucher & Isabelle Blanchette (2011). Fearing New Dangers: Phobias and the Cognitive Complexity of Human Emotions. In Pieter R. Adriaens & Andreas de Block (eds.), Maladapting Minds: Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Evolutionary Theory. Oxford University Press.score: 3.0
     
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  50. Arne Öhman (1995). Eggs in More Than One Basket: Mediating Mechanisms Between Evolution and Phobias. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (2):310.score: 3.0
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