Search results for 'Phyllis McKay' (try it on Scholar)

381 found
Sort by:
See also:
Profile: Phyllis McKay Illari (University of Kent at Canterbury)
  1. Phyllis McKay (2004). Newcomb's Problem: The Causalists Get Rich. Analysis 64 (2):187–189.score: 240.0
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Phyllis Kirstin McKay (2007). Freedom, Fiction and Evidential Decision Theory. Erkenntnis 66 (3):393 - 407.score: 240.0
    This paper argues against evidential decision-theory, by showing that the newest responses to its biggest current problem – the medical Newcomb problems – don’t work. The latest approach is described, and the arguments of two main proponents of it – Huw Price and CR Hitchcock – clearly distinguished and examined. It is argued that since neither new defence is successful, causation remains essential to understanding means-end agency.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Thomas J. McKay (2006). Plural Predication. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Plural predication is a pervasive part of ordinary language. We can say that some people are fifty in number, are surrounding a building, come from many countries, and are classmates. These predicates can be true of some people without being true of any one of them; they are non-distributive predications. However, the apparatus of modern logic does not allow a place for them. Thomas McKay here explores the enrichment of logic with non-distributive plural predication and quantification. His book will (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Dan Sperber, Ryan T. McKay & Daniel C. Dennett (2009). Culturally Transmitted Misbeliefs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):534.score: 60.0
    Most human beliefs are acquired through communication, and so are most misbeliefs. Just like the misbeliefs discussed by McKay & Dennett (M&D), culturally transmitted misbeliefs tend to result from limitations rather than malfunctions of the mechanisms that produce them, and few if any can be argued to be adaptations. However, the mechanisms involved, the contents, and the hypothetical adaptive value tend to be specific to the cultural case.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. John Sutton, Ryan T. McKay & Daniel C. Dennett (2009). Adaptive Misbeliefs and False Memories. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):535.score: 60.0
    McKay & Dennett (M&D) suggest that some positive illusions are adaptive. But there is a bidirectional link between memory and positive illusions: Biased autobiographical memories filter incoming information, and self-enhancing information is preferentially attended and used to update memory. Extending M&D's approach, I ask if certain false memories might be adaptive, defending a broad view of the psychosocial functions of remembering.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. James R. Liddle, Todd K. Shackelford, Ryan T. McKay & Daniel C. Dennett (2009). Are Beliefs the Proper Targets of Adaptationist Analyses? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):528.score: 60.0
    McKay & Dennett's (M&D's) description of beliefs, and misbeliefs in particular, is a commendable contribution to the literature; but we argue that referring to beliefs as adaptive or maladaptive can cause conceptual confusion. is inconsistently defined in the article, which adds to confusion and renders it difficult to evaluate the claims, particularly the possibility of.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Ara Norenzayan, Azim F. Shariff, Will M. Gervais, Ryan T. McKay & Daniel C. Dennett (2009). The Evolution of Religious Misbelief. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):531.score: 60.0
    Inducing religious thoughts increases prosocial behavior among strangers in anonymous contexts. These effects can be explained both by behavioral priming processes as well as by reputational mechanisms. We examine whether belief in moralizing supernatural agents supplies a case for what McKay & Dennett (M&D) call evolved misbelief, concluding that they might be more persuasively seen as an example of culturally evolved misbelief.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Phyllis McKay Illari (2012). The Heuristics of Mechanism Discovery. Metascience 21 (3):693-697.score: 54.0
    The heuristics of mechanism discovery Content Type Journal Article Category Essay Review Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s11016-012-9649-2 Authors Phyllis McKay Illari, Philosophy, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL10 9AB UK Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Thomas J. McKay (2008). Review of H. Laycock, Words Without Objects: Semantics, Ontology, and Logic for Non-Singularity. [REVIEW] Canadian Journal of Philosophy 38 (2):pp. 301-323.score: 30.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Thomas McKay & David Johnson (1996). A Reconsideration of an Argument Against Compatibilism. Philosophical Topics 24 (2):113-122.score: 30.0
  11. Phyllis McKay Illari & Jon Williamson (2011). Mechanisms Are Real and Local. In Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oup Oxford.score: 30.0
    Mechanisms have become much-discussed, yet there is still no consensus on how to characterise them. In this paper, we start with something everyone is agreed on – that mechanisms explain – and investigate what constraints this imposes on our metaphysics of mechanisms. We examine two widely shared premises about how to understand mechanistic explanation: (1) that mechanistic explanation offers a welcome alternative to traditional laws-based explanation and (2) that there are two senses of mechanistic explanation that we call ‘epistemic explanation’ (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Thomas J. McKay (1975). Essentialism in Quantified Modal Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 4 (4):423 - 438.score: 30.0
    This paper mentions several different sorts of "essentialism," and examines various senses in which quantified modal logic is "committed to" the most troublesome kind of essentialism. It is argued that essentialism is neither provable, Nor entailed by any contingently true non-Modal sentence. But quantified modal logic is committed to the meaningfulness of essentialism. This sort of commitment may be made innocuous by requiring that essentialism simply be made logically false; some of the consequences of taking this line are explored.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Thomas McKay (1981). On Proper Names in Belief Ascriptions. Philosophical Studies 39 (3):287-303.score: 30.0
  14. Ruth Burnice McKay (2000). Consequential Utilitarianism: Addressing Ethical Deficiencies in the Municipal Landfill Siting Process. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 26 (4):289 - 306.score: 30.0
    This paper examines ethical concerns of the utilitarian paradigm, the greatest good for the greatest number, advocated by many proponents and consultants in siting landfills. The implications of the consequentialist utilitarian approach are considered through the examination of a landfill-site-search case study in Ontario, Canada. Limitations to such an approach, in terms of differing values, equal consideration, equitable participation, distributive justice and the emphasis on non-quantifiable factors are discussed. Recommendations to improve the process are made based on the ethical analysis (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. T. J. McKay (2012). New Essays on Singular Thought * Edited by Robin Jeshion. Analysis 72 (1):177-181.score: 30.0
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.) (2011). Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    The book tackles these questions as well as others concerning the use of causality in the sciences.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Thomas Mckay & Peter Van Inwagen (1977). Counterfactuals with Disjunctive Antecedents. Philosophical Studies 31 (5):353 - 356.score: 30.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Phyllis McKay Illari (2011). Mechanistic Evidence: Disambiguating the Russo–Williamson Thesis. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (2):139 - 157.score: 30.0
    Russo and Williamson claim that establishing causal claims requires mechanistic and difference-making evidence. In this article, I will argue that Russo and Williamson's formulation of their thesis is multiply ambiguous. I will make three distinctions: mechanistic evidence as type vs object of evidence; what mechanism or mechanisms we want evidence of; and how much evidence of a mechanism we require. I will feed these more precise meanings back into the Russo?Williamson thesis and argue that it is both true and false: (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Sam S. Souryal & Brian W. McKay (1996). Personal Loyalty to Superiors in Public Service. Criminal Justice Ethics 15 (2):44-62.score: 30.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Thomas McKay, Propositional Attitude Reports. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Phyllis McKay Illari & Jon Williamson (2010). Function and Organization: Comparing the Mechanisms of Protein Synthesis and Natural Selection. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (3):279-291.score: 30.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Daniel Dennett & Ryan McKay (2006). A Continuum of Mindfulness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):353-354.score: 30.0
    Mesoudi et al. overlook an illuminating parallel between cultural and biological evolution, namely, the existence in each realm of a continuum from intelligent, mindful evolution through to oblivious, mindless evolution. In addition, they underplay the independence of cultural fitness from biological fitness. The assumption that successful cultural traits enhance genetic fitness must be sidelined, as must the assumption that such traits will at least be considered worth having. (Published Online November 9 2006).
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. R. Mckay & L. CipoLotti (2007). Attributional Style in a Case of Cotard Delusion. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):349-359.score: 30.0
  24. Lorenzo Casini, Phyllis Mckay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (2011). Models for Prediction, Explanation and Control. Theoria 26 (1):5-33.score: 30.0
    The Recursive Bayesian Net (RBN) formalism was originally developed for modelling nested causal relationships. In this paper we argue that the formalism can also be applied to modelling the hierarchical structure of mechanisms. The resulting network contains quantitative information about probabilities, as well as qualitative information about mechanistic structure and causal relations. Since information about probabilities, mechanisms and causal relations is vital for prediction, explanation and control respectively, an RBN can be applied to all these tasks. We show in particular (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Thomas J. McKay (1991). Representingde Re Beliefs. Linguistics and Philosophy 14 (6):711 - 739.score: 30.0
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Thomas McKay & Cindy Stern (1979). Natural Kind Terms and Standards of Membership. Linguistics and Philosophy 3 (1):27 - 34.score: 30.0
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. A. C. McKay (2002). Supererogation and the Profession of Medicine. Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (2):70-73.score: 30.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Thomas McKay (1994). Names, Causal Chains, and de Re Beliefs. Philosophical Perspectives 8:293-302.score: 30.0
  29. Steve McKay, Biological Rationalism.score: 30.0
    I argue that contemporary philosophy of language in the analytic tradition rests on two fundamentally wrong assumptions: empiricism and externalism. After I show why these two assumptions are incorrect, I turn my attention to biological rationalism. Biological rationalism—a research program inspired by the work of Noam Chomsky—is committed to nativism and internalism. I believe biological rationalism provides the best framework to achieve a genuine understanding of language. I try to show this by considering the biological rationalist answers to major problems (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Ryan Mckay (2012). Delusional Inference. Mind and Language 27 (3):330-355.score: 30.0
    Does the formation of delusions involve abnormal reasoning? According to the prominent ‘two-factor’ theory of delusions (e.g. Coltheart, 2007), the answer is yes. The second factor in this theory is supposed to affect a deluded individual's ability to evaluate candidates for belief. However, most published accounts of the two-factor theory have not said much about the nature of this second factor. In an effort to remedy this shortcoming, Coltheart, Menzies and Sutton (2010) recently put forward a Bayesian account of inference (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Thomas J. Mckay (1986). Against Constitutional Sufficiency Principles. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 11 (1):295-304.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Thomas McKay (1984). Actions and De Re Beliefs. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (4):631 - 635.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Ryan T. McKay & Daniel C. Dennett (2009). The Evolution of Misbelief. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):493.score: 30.0
    From an evolutionary standpoint, a default presumption is that true beliefs are adaptive and misbeliefs maladaptive. But if humans are biologically engineered to appraise the world accurately and to form true beliefs, how are we to explain the routine exceptions to this rule? How can we account for mistaken beliefs, bizarre delusions, and instances of self-deception? We explore this question in some detail. We begin by articulating a distinction between two general types of misbelief: those resulting from a breakdown in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. C. G. McKay (1968). The Decidability of Certain Intermediate Propositional Logics. Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (2):258-264.score: 30.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. R. Mckay, R. Langdon & M. Coltheart (2007). Models of Misbelief: Integrating Motivational and Deficit Theories of Delusions. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):932-941.score: 30.0
  36. John Z. Mckay & Alexander Rehding (2011). The Structure of Plato's Dialogues and Greek Music Theory: A Response to JB Kennedy. Apeiron 44 (4):359-375.score: 30.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. A. J. Mckay (1998). Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things. Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (5):354-355.score: 30.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. T. D. Campbell & A. J. M. McKay (1978). Antenatal Injury and the Rights of the Foetus. Philosophical Quarterly 28 (110):17-30.score: 30.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Alexander Mckay (1997). Accommodating Ideological Pluralism in Sexuality Education. Journal of Moral Education 26 (3):285-300.score: 30.0
    Abstract Because norms related to sexuality are an important determinant of the nature of society, sexuality education in schools is the subject of passionate debate. This discourse reflects a struggle between Restrictive and Permissive sexual ideologies. These ideologies compete for influence in shaping sexuality education. As a result, some sexuality education programmes constitute ideological indoctrination. Many other programmes, because of the ideological conflict surrounding sexuality, omit important sexual health information. The objective of this paper is to articulate the basic parameters (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Thomas J. McKay (1986). Lowe and Baldwin on Modalities. Mind 95 (380):499-505.score: 30.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Thomas J. McKay (1978). The Principle of Predication. Journal of Philosophical Logic 7 (1):19 - 26.score: 30.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Thomas McKay (1986). His Burning Pants. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 27 (3):393-400.score: 30.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Niccie L. McKay, Mary E. Deily & Fred H. Dorner (2002). Ownership and Changes in Hospital Inefficiency, 1986–1991. Inquiry 39 (4):388-399.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Paul C. W. Davies, Carol E. Cleland & Christopher P. McKay, Signatures of a Shadow Biosphere.score: 30.0
    Astrobiologists are aware that extraterrestrial life might differ from known life, and considerable thought has been given to possible signatures associated with weird forms of life on other planets. So far, however, very little attention has been paid to the possibility that our own planet might also host communities of weird life. If life arises readily in Earth-like conditions, as many astrobiologists contend, then it may well have formed many times on Earth itself, which raises the question whether one or (...)
    No categories
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. P. K. Feyerabend & D. M. McKay (1958). Symposium: Complementarity. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 32:75 - 122.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. J. Allister McGregor, Andrew McKay & Jackeline Velazco (2007). Needs and Resources in the Investigation of Well‐Being in Developing Countries: Illustrative Evidence From Bangladesh and Peru. Journal of Economic Methodology 14 (1):107-131.score: 30.0
    The paper offers an analysis of how to operationalize the development goal of promoting well?being, and provides an exemplar. It focuses on one element of a comprehensive methodology to operationalize empirical research into the social and cultural construction of well?being in developing countries. This research uses a definition of well?being that combines objective and subjective dimensions and locates these in the social and cultural relationships of particular societies. We focus here on the Resources and Needs Questionnaire (RANQ), a research instrument (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Thomas J. McKay (1997). Analogy and Argument. Teaching Philosophy 20 (1):49-60.score: 30.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Thomas J. McKay (1984). On Showing Invalidity. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):97 - 101.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. K. L. McKay (1953). The Oxyrhynchus Historian and the Outbreak of the 'Corinthian War'. The Classical Review 3 (01):6-7.score: 30.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. George Ainslie, Ryan T. McKay & Daniel C. Dennett (2009). Non-Instrumental Belief is Largely Founded on Singularity 1. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):511.score: 30.0
    The radical evolutionary step that divides human decision-making from that of nonhumans is the ability to excite the reward process for its own sake, in imagination. Combined with hyperbolic over-valuation of the present, this ability is a potential threat to both the individual's long term survival and the natural selection of high intelligence. Human belief is intrinsically or under-founded, which may or may not be adaptive.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 381