Search results for 'Physical Sciences' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  22
    Colin Howson (ed.) (1976). Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences: The Critical Background to Modern Science, 1800-1905. Cambridge University Press.
    Lakatos, I. History of science and its rational reconstructions.--Clark, P. Atomism vs. thermodynamics.--Worrall, J. Thomas Young and the "rufutation" of Newtonian optics.--Musgrave, A. Why did oxygen supplant phlogiston?--Zahar, E. Why did Einstein's programme supersede Lorentz's?--Frické, M. The rejection of Avogadro's hypotheses.--Feyerabend, P. On the critique of scientific reason.
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  2. Richard J. Blackwell (1969). Discovery in the Physical Sciences. Notre Dame [Ind.]University of Notre Dame Press.
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  3.  7
    Donald Lawson Turcotte, John Rundle & Hans Frauenfelder (eds.) (2002). Self-Organized Complexity in the Physical, Biological, and Social Sciences. National Academy of Sciences.
    Self-organized complexity in the physical, biological, and social sciences Donald L Turcotte*f and John B. Rundle* *Department of Earth and Atmospheric ...
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  4.  80
    Chris Pincock (2007). A Role for Mathematics in the Physical Sciences. Noûs 41 (2):253-275.
    Conflicting accounts of the role of mathematics in our physical theories can be traced to two principles. Mathematics appears to be both (1) theoretically indispensable, as we have no acceptable non-mathematical versions of our theories, and (2) metaphysically dispensable, as mathematical entities, if they existed, would lack a relevant causal role in the physical world. I offer a new account of a role for mathematics in the physical sciences that emphasizes the epistemic benefits of having mathematics (...)
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  5.  37
    Vykinta Kligyte, Richard T. Marcy, Ethan P. Waples, Sydney T. Sevier, Elaine S. Godfrey, Michael D. Mumford & Dean F. Hougen (2008). Application of a Sensemaking Approach to Ethics Training in the Physical Sciences and Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (2):251-278.
    Integrity is a critical determinant of the effectiveness of research organizations in terms of producing high quality research and educating the new generation of scientists. A number of responsible conduct of research (RCR) training programs have been developed to address this growing organizational concern. However, in spite of a significant body of research in ethics training, it is still unknown which approach has the highest potential to enhance researchers’ integrity. One of the approaches showing some promise in improving researchers’ integrity (...)
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  6. Lee Hardy (2014). Nature’s Suit: Husserl’s Phenomenological Philosophy of the Physical Sciences. Ohio University Press.
    Edmund Husserl, founder of the phenomenological movement, is usually read as an idealist in his metaphysics and an instrumentalist in his philosophy of science. In _Nature’s Suit_, Lee Hardy argues that both views represent a serious misreading of Husserl’s texts. Drawing upon the full range of Husserl’s major published works together with material from Husserl’s unpublished manuscripts, Hardy develops a consistent interpretation of Husserl’s conception of logic as a theory of science, his phenomenological account of truth and rationality, his ontology (...)
     
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  7.  22
    Fritz Rohrlich (1990). Computer Simulation in the Physical Sciences. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:507-518.
    Computer simulation is shown to be philosophically interesting because it introduces a qualitatively new methodology for theory construction in science different from the conventional two components of "theory" and "experiment and/or observation". This component is "experimentation with theoretical models." Two examples from the physical sciences are presented for the purpose of demonstration but it is claimed that the biological and social sciences permit similar theoretical model experiments. Furthermore, computer simulation permits theoretical models for the evolution of (...) systems which use cellular automata rather than differential equations as their syntax. The great advantages of the former are indicated. (shrink)
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  8. Robert Schroer (2010). How Far Can the Physical Sciences Reach? American Philosophical Quarterlly 47 (3):253-266.
    : It is widely thought that dispositional properties depend upon categorical properties; specifying the nature of this dependency, however, has proven a difficult task. The dependency of dispositional properties upon categorical properties also presents a challenge to the thesis of Physicalism: If the physical sciences only tell us about the dispositional properties of the objects they study and if dispositional properties depend upon categorical properties, then it appears that there will be kind of property—categorical properties—that will escape description (...)
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  9.  23
    Kristina Rolin (1999). Can Gender Ideologies Influence the Practice of the Physical Sciences? Perspectives on Science 7 (4):510-533.
    : As a response to the critics of feminist science studies I argue that it is possible to formulate empirical hypotheses about gender ideology in the practice of the physical sciences without (1) reinforcing stereotypes about women and mathematical sciences or (2) assuming at the outset that the area of physics under investigation is methodologically suspect. I will then critically evaluate two case studies of gender ideology in the practice of the physical sciences. The case (...)
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  10. Justin Leiber (2002). Philosophy, Engineering, Biology, and History: A Vindication of Turing's Views About the Distinction Between the Cognitive and Physical Sciences. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 14 (1):29-37.
    Alan Turing draws a firm line between the mental and the physical, between the cognitive and physical sciences. For Turing, following a tradition that went back to D=Arcy Thompson, if not Geoffroy and Lucretius, throws talk of function, intentionality, and final causes from biology as a physical science. He likens Amother nature@ to the earnest A. I. scientist, who may send to school disparate versions of the Achild machine,@ eventually hoping for a test-passer but knowing that (...)
     
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  11.  28
    Richard Vykinta Kligyte, Ethan T. Marcy, Sydney P. Waples, Elaine T. Sevier, Michael S. Godfrey, Dean D. Mumford & F. Hougen (2008). Application of a Sensemaking Approach to Ethics Training in the Physical Sciences and Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (2).
    Integrity is a critical determinant of the effectiveness of research organizations in terms of producing high quality research and educating the new generation of scientists. A number of responsible conduct of research (RCR) training programs have been developed to address this growing organizational concern. However, in spite of a significant body of research in ethics training, it is still unknown which approach has the highest potential to enhance researchers’ integrity. One of the approaches showing some promise in improving researchers’ integrity (...)
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  12. Lee Hardy (2014). Nature's Suit: Husserl's Phenomenological Philosophy of the Physical Sciences. Ohio University Press.
    Edmund Husserl, founder of the phenomenological movement, is usually read as an idealist in his metaphysics and an instrumentalist in his philosophy of science. In _Nature’s Suit_, Lee Hardy argues that both views represent a serious misreading of Husserl’s texts. Drawing upon the full range of Husserl’s major published works together with material from Husserl’s unpublished manuscripts, Hardy develops a consistent interpretation of Husserl’s conception of logic as a theory of science, his phenomenological account of truth and rationality, his ontology (...)
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  13. Colin Howson (ed.) (2010). Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences: The Critical Background to Modern Science, 1800–1905. Cambridge University Press.
    First published in 1976, this is a volume of studies on the problems of theory-appraisal in the physical sciences - how and why important theories are developed, changed and are replaced, and by what criteria we judge one theory an advance on another. The volume is introduced by a classic paper of Imre Lakatos's, which sets out a theory for tackling these problems - the methodology of scientific research programmes. Five contributors then test this theory against particular and (...)
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  14. Colin Howson (ed.) (2009). Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences: The Critical Background to Modern Science, 1800–1905. Cambridge University Press.
    First published in 1976, this is a volume of studies on the problems of theory-appraisal in the physical sciences - how and why important theories are developed, changed and are replaced, and by what criteria we judge one theory an advance on another. The volume is introduced by a classic paper of Imre Lakatos's, which sets out a theory for tackling these problems - the methodology of scientific research programmes. Five contributors then test this theory against particular and (...)
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  15. Colin Howson (ed.) (2012). Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences: The Critical Background to Modern Science, 1800–1905. Cambridge University Press.
    First published in 1976, this is a volume of studies on the problems of theory-appraisal in the physical sciences - how and why important theories are developed, changed and are replaced, and by what criteria we judge one theory an advance on another. The volume is introduced by a classic paper of Imre Lakatos's, which sets out a theory for tackling these problems - the methodology of scientific research programmes. Five contributors then test this theory against particular and (...)
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  16. Walter Leszl (1980). Unity and Diversity of the Sciences: The Methodology of the Mathematical and of the Physical Sciences and the Role of Nominal Definition. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 34 (3):384.
    The paper is concentrated on Aristotle's "Posterior Analytics" and attempts to show that his account of the sciences is less uniform than it is usually taken to be but shows some awareness of important differences between the mathematical and the physical sciences.
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  17. Herold S. Stern (1962). Implications of the Methodology of the Physical Sciences for the Social Sciences. Dialectica 16 (3):255-274.
    The attempt of modern social science to follow the methods of the physical sciences in seeking verification of its theories by statistical techniques is a result of an outmoded view of the methods of the physicist. The decisive element in verifying a theory is not the amassing of large bodies of data but insightful judgment into a relatively few cases. Because the will is primary in scientific activity, scientific statements, particularly those of social science, have the same cognitive (...)
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  18.  43
    Cliff Hooker (1980). From Being to Becoming Time and Complexity in the Physical Sciences. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  19. John Forge (1987). Measurement, Realism and Objectivity Essays on Measurement in the Social and Physical Sciences. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  20. Fritz Rohrlich (1988). Pluralistic Ontology and Theory Reduction in the Physical Sciences. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (3):295-312.
    It is demonstrated that the reduction of a physical theory S to another one, T, in the sense that S can be derived from T holds in general only for the mathematical framework. The interpretation of S and the associated central terms cannot all be derived from those of T because of the qualitative differences between the cognitive levels of S and T. Their cognitively autonomous status leads to an epistemic as well as an ontological pluralism. This pluralism is (...)
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  21.  2
    William M. Honig (1982). Peer Review in the Physical Sciences: An Editor's View. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (2):216.
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  22.  9
    M. H. Krieger (1993). Book Reviews : Paul Humphreys, The Chances of Explanation: Causal Explanation in the Social, Medical, and Physical Sciences. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1989. Pp. X, 170, $29.50 (Cloth. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (2):252-253.
  23.  12
    Harry Collins (2007). Mathematical Understanding and the Physical Sciences. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (4):667-685.
    The author claims to have developed interactional expertise in gravitational wave physics without engaging with the mathematical or quantitative aspects of the subject. Is this possible? In other words, is it possible to understand the physical world at a high enough level to argue and make judgments about it without the corresponding mathematics? This question is empirically approached in three ways: anecdotes about non-mathematical physicists are presented; the author undertakes a reflective reading of a passage of physics, first without (...)
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  24.  1
    J. J. C. Smart (1977). Book Reviews : Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences: The Critical Background to Modern Science, 1800-1905. Edited by Colin Howson. New York: Cam Bridge University Press, 1976. Pp. VII + 344. $24.50. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 7 (4):425-426.
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  25. M. L. Greenhut & John G. Greenhut (2002). Our Teleological Economic World: Correlative Underpinnings of the Economic & Physical Sciences. Upa.
    The question whether God prevails or not is a vital one for many disciplines that are taught in colleges and universities, as well as for each academician personally and intellectually. In addressing this issue, Our Teleological Economic World takes a pathfinding approach by demonstrating at a scholarly level, that economic science joins physical science in affirming an Intelligent Design of the universe. Throughout the manuscript, extending from classical to advanced microeconomic and macroeconomic analyses, the authors establish correlative correspondences with (...)
     
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  26. Martin H. Krieger (1993). "The Chances of Explanation: Causal Explanation in the Social, Medical, and Physical Sciences", by Paul Humphreys. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (2):252.
     
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  27. J. J. C. Smart (1977). Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences" Edited by Colin Howson. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 7 (4):425.
     
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  28. G. Schlesinger (2014). Method in the Physical Sciences. Routledge.
    Originally published in 1963. Can one discern certain regularities in the manoeuvrings and techniques employed by scientists and can these be formulated into the methodological principles of science? What is the origin and basis of such principles? Are they imposed by objective realities, do they derive from conceptual necessities or are they rooted in our own deep seated predilections? This volume investigates these questions and sheds light on the growth mechanism of the evolving structure of science itself.
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  29.  45
    Alexander Rueger (2006). Functional Reduction and Emergence in the Physical Sciences. Synthese 151 (3):335 - 346.
    Kim’s model of ‘functional reduction’ of properties is shown to fail in a class of cases from physics involving properties at different spatial levels. The diagnosis of this failure leads to a non-reductive account of the relation of micro and macro properties.
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  30.  57
    Thomas S. Kuhn (1961). The Function of Measurement in Modern Physical Sciences. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 52:161-193.
  31.  84
    Don Howard (2007). Reduction and Emergence in the Physical Sciences: Some Lessons From the Particle Physics and Condensed Matter Debate. In Nancey C. Murphy & William R. Stoeger (eds.), Evolution and Emergence: Systems, Organisms, Persons. Oxford University Press 141--157.
  32.  11
    Paul Humphreys & Jim Woodward (1993). The Chances of Explanation: Causal Explanation in the Social, Medical and Physical Sciences. Philosophy of Science 60 (4):659.
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  33.  31
    R. S. Kaushal (1999). The Role of Structural Analogy In Physical Sciences: A Philosophical Perspective. Indian Philosophical Quarterly 26 (4):543-574.
  34.  3
    G. Schlesinger (1963). Method in the Physical Sciences. New York, Humanities Press.
    Originally published in 1963. Can one discern certain regularities in the manoeuvrings and techniques employed by scientists and can these be formulated into the methodological principles of science? What is the origin and basis of such principles? Are they imposed by objective realities, do they derive from conceptual necessities or are they rooted in our own deep seated predilections? This volume investigates these questions and sheds light on the growth mechanism of the evolving structure of science itself.
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  35.  14
    A. B. P. (1973). Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences; Volume 2. Review of Metaphysics 27 (2):404-405.
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  36.  11
    N. E. (1950). The Modern Approach to Descartes' Problem. The Relation of the Mathematical and Physical Sciences to Philosophy. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 47 (4):109-110.
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  37.  23
    Ronald Laymon (1993). The Computational and Confirmational Differences Between the Social and the Physical Sciences. Philosophia 22 (3-4):241-273.
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  38.  9
    Harald A. Wiltsche (2015). Lee Hardy, Nature’s Suit. Husserl’s Phenomenological Philosophy of the Physical Sciences. Husserl Studies 31 (2):175-182.
    The debate about scientific realism has occupied center stage in philosophy of science since its very inception. The main question is whether or not scientific theories are true descriptions of the world. Or, to give the question a slightly different spin: What grounds do we have for believing in the reality of the unobservable entities postulated by contemporary science ? Although the main arena of this debate is analytic philosophy, it is clear that these questions are no less important for (...)
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  39.  12
    Patrick A. Heelan (1967). Horizon, Objectivity and Reality in the Physical Sciences. International Philosophical Quarterly 7 (3):375-412.
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  40.  9
    K. Mainzer (1994). Symmetries in the Physical Sciences. In Dag Prawitz & Dag Westerståhl (eds.), Logic and Philosophy of Science in Uppsala. Kluwer 453--464.
  41.  6
    F. S. C. Northrop (1966). Commentary on Theological Resources From the Physical Sciences. Zygon 1 (1):22-27.
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  42.  16
    Theodore Kisiel (1971). "Discovery in the Physical Sciences," by Richard J. Blackwell. Modern Schoolman 48 (3):276-280.
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  43.  42
    Brian Ellis (1957). A Comparison of Process and Non-Process Theories in the Physical Sciences. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 8 (29):45-56.
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  44.  7
    Maurice R. Holloway (1964). "Method in the Physical Sciences," by G. Schlesinger. Modern Schoolman 41 (3):303-304.
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  45.  22
    Rom Harré (1997). Is There a Basic Ontology for the Physical Sciences ? Dialectica 51 (1):17–34.
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  46.  11
    Viii Part (2013). Philosophy of the Physical Sciences: Philosophy of Chemistry. In Vassilios Karakostas & Dennis Dieks (eds.), Epsa11 Perspectives and Foundational Problems in Philosophy of Science. Springer
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  47.  5
    Colin Howson (1981). Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences. Erkenntnis 16 (1):167-176.
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  48.  27
    C. F. Presley (1954). Laws and Theories in the Physical Sciences. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 32 (2):79 – 103.
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  49.  32
    Max Kistler (2006). Reduction and Emergence in the Physical Sciences: Reply to Rueger. Synthese 151 (3):347 - 354.
    I analyse Rueger’s application of Kim’s model of functional reduction to the relation between the thermal conductivities of metal bars at macroscopic and atomic scales. 1) I show that it is a misunderstanding to accuse the functional reduction model of not accounting for the fact that there are causal powers at the micro-level which have no equivalent at the macro-level. The model not only allows but requires that the causal powers by virtue of which a functional predicate is defined, are (...)
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  50.  6
    Ronald M. Yoshida (1977). Reduction in the Physical Sciences. Published for the Canadian Association for Publishing in Philosophy by Dalhousie University Press.
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