Search results for 'Physical Sciences' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Donald Lawson Turcotte, John Rundle & Hans Frauenfelder (eds.) (2002). Self-Organized Complexity in the Physical, Biological, and Social Sciences. National Academy of Sciences.score: 156.0
    Self-organized complexity in the physical, biological, and social sciences Donald L Turcotte*f and John B. Rundle* *Department of Earth and Atmospheric ...
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  2. Colin Howson (ed.) (1976). Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences: The Critical Background to Modern Science, 1800-1905. Cambridge University Press.score: 152.0
    Lakatos, I. History of science and its rational reconstructions.--Clark, P. Atomism vs. thermodynamics.--Worrall, J. Thomas Young and the "rufutation" of Newtonian optics.--Musgrave, A. Why did oxygen supplant phlogiston?--Zahar, E. Why did Einstein's programme supersede Lorentz's?--Frické, M. The rejection of Avogadro's hypotheses.--Feyerabend, P. On the critique of scientific reason.
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  3. Richard J. Blackwell (1969). Discovery in the Physical Sciences. Notre Dame [Ind.]University of Notre Dame Press.score: 150.0
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  4. Vykinta Kligyte, Richard T. Marcy, Ethan P. Waples, Sydney T. Sevier, Elaine S. Godfrey, Michael D. Mumford & Dean F. Hougen (2008). Application of a Sensemaking Approach to Ethics Training in the Physical Sciences and Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (2):251-278.score: 122.0
    Integrity is a critical determinant of the effectiveness of research organizations in terms of producing high quality research and educating the new generation of scientists. A number of responsible conduct of research (RCR) training programs have been developed to address this growing organizational concern. However, in spite of a significant body of research in ethics training, it is still unknown which approach has the highest potential to enhance researchers’ integrity. One of the approaches showing some promise in improving researchers’ integrity (...)
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  5. Richard Vykinta Kligyte, Ethan T. Marcy, Sydney P. Waples, Elaine T. Sevier, Michael S. Godfrey, Dean D. Mumford & F. Hougen (2008). Application of a Sensemaking Approach to Ethics Training in the Physical Sciences and Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (2).score: 122.0
    Integrity is a critical determinant of the effectiveness of research organizations in terms of producing high quality research and educating the new generation of scientists. A number of responsible conduct of research (RCR) training programs have been developed to address this growing organizational concern. However, in spite of a significant body of research in ethics training, it is still unknown which approach has the highest potential to enhance researchers’ integrity. One of the approaches showing some promise in improving researchers’ integrity (...)
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  6. Kristina Rolin (1999). Can Gender Ideologies Influence the Practice of the Physical Sciences? Perspectives on Science 7 (4):510-533.score: 122.0
    : As a response to the critics of feminist science studies I argue that it is possible to formulate empirical hypotheses about gender ideology in the practice of the physical sciences without (1) reinforcing stereotypes about women and mathematical sciences or (2) assuming at the outset that the area of physics under investigation is methodologically suspect. I will then critically evaluate two case studies of gender ideology in the practice of the physical sciences. The case (...)
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  7. Fritz Rohrlich (1990). Computer Simulation in the Physical Sciences. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:507 - 518.score: 122.0
    Computer simulation is shown to be philosophically interesting because it introduces a qualitatively new methodology for theory construction in science different from the conventional two components of "theory" and "experiment and/or observation". This component is "experimentation with theoretical models." Two examples from the physical sciences are presented for the purpose of demonstration but it is claimed that the biological and social sciences permit similar theoretical model experiments. Furthermore, computer simulation permits theoretical models for the evolution (...)
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  8. Robert Schroer (2010). How Far Can the Physical Sciences Reach? American Philosophical Quarterlly 47 (3):253-266.score: 120.0
    : It is widely thought that dispositional properties depend upon categorical properties; specifying the nature of this dependency, however, has proven a difficult task. The dependency of dispositional properties upon categorical properties also presents a challenge to the thesis of Physicalism: If the physical sciences only tell us about the dispositional properties of the objects they study and if dispositional properties depend upon categorical properties, then it appears that there will be kind of property—categorical properties—that will escape description (...)
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  9. Chris Pincock (2007). A Role for Mathematics in the Physical Sciences. Noûs 41 (2):253-275.score: 120.0
    Conflicting accounts of the role of mathematics in our physical theories can be traced to two principles. Mathematics appears to be both (1) theoretically indispensable, as we have no acceptable non-mathematical versions of our theories, and (2) metaphysically dispensable, as mathematical entities, if they existed, would lack a relevant causal role in the physical world. I offer a new account of a role for mathematics in the physical sciences that emphasizes the epistemic benefits of having mathematics (...)
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  10. Christopher Pincock (2007). A Role for Mathematics in the Physical Sciences. Noûs 41 (2):253 - 275.score: 120.0
    Conflicting accounts of the role of mathematics in our physical theories can be traced to two principles. Mathematics appears to be both (1) theoretically indispensable, as we have no acceptable non-mathematical versions of our theories, and (2) metaphysically dispensable, as mathematical entities, if they existed, would lack a relevant causal role in the physical world. I offer a new account of a role for mathematics in the physical sciences that emphasizes the epistemic benefits of having mathematics (...)
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  11. Justin Leiber (2002). Philosophy, Engineering, Biology, and History: A Vindication of Turing's Views About the Distinction Between the Cognitive and Physical Sciences. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 14 (1):29-37.score: 120.0
    Alan Turing draws a firm line between the mental and the physical, between the cognitive and physical sciences. For Turing, following a tradition that went back to D=Arcy Thompson, if not Geoffroy and Lucretius, throws talk of function, intentionality, and final causes from biology as a physical science. He likens Amother nature@ to the earnest A. I. scientist, who may send to school disparate versions of the Achild machine,@ eventually hoping for a test-passer but knowing that (...)
     
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  12. Wolfgang Stegmüller (1979). The Structuralist View of Theories: A Possible Analogue of the Bourbaki Programme in Physical Science. Springer-Verlag.score: 102.0
    This is the basis of the first part of the book.
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  13. Edwin A. Burtt (1954). The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science. Garden City, N.Y.,Doubleday.score: 102.0
    CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION (A) Historical Problem Suggested by the Nature of Modern Thought How curious, after all, is the way in which we moderns think about ...
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  14. Graham F. Macdonald (1980). Psychology and Physical Science. Philosophical Papers 9 (May):32-35.score: 102.0
  15. Louis Osgood Kattsoff (1957). Physical Science and Physical Reality. The Hague, Nijhoff.score: 102.0
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  16. Marshall Spector (1978). Concepts of Reduction in Physical Science. Temple University Press.score: 102.0
     
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  17. Edward W. Strong (1976). Procedures and Metaphysics: A Study in the Philosophy of Mathematical-Physical Science in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Richwood Pub. Co..score: 102.0
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  18. Fritz Rohrlich (1988). Pluralistic Ontology and Theory Reduction in the Physical Sciences. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (3):295-312.score: 98.0
    It is demonstrated that the reduction of a physical theory S to another one, T, in the sense that S can be derived from T holds in general only for the mathematical framework. The interpretation of S and the associated central terms cannot all be derived from those of T because of the qualitative differences between the cognitive levels of S and T. Their cognitively autonomous status leads to an epistemic as well as an ontological pluralism. This pluralism is (...)
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  19. M. H. Krieger (1993). Book Reviews : Paul Humphreys, The Chances of Explanation: Causal Explanation in the Social, Medical, and Physical Sciences. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1989. Pp. X, 170, $29.50 (Cloth. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (2):252-253.score: 96.0
  20. J. J. C. Smart (1977). Book Reviews : Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences: The Critical Background to Modern Science, 1800-1905. Edited by Colin Howson. New York: Cam Bridge University Press, 1976. Pp. VII + 344. $24.50. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 7 (4):425-426.score: 96.0
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  21. G. Schlesinger (1963). Method in the Physical Sciences. New York, Humanities Press.score: 96.0
    Originally published in 1963. Can one discern certain regularities in the manoeuvrings and techniques employed by scientists and can these be formulated into the methodological principles of science? What is the origin and basis of such principles? Are they imposed by objective realities, do they derive from conceptual necessities or are they rooted in our own deep seated predilections? This volume investigates these questions and sheds light on the growth mechanism of the evolving structure of science itself.
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  22. William M. Honig (1982). Peer Review in the Physical Sciences: An Editor's View. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (2):216.score: 96.0
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  23. Ronald M. Yoshida (1977). Reduction in the Physical Sciences. Published for the Canadian Association for Publishing in Philosophy by Dalhousie University Press.score: 94.0
  24. Alexander Rueger (2006). Functional Reduction and Emergence in the Physical Sciences. Synthese 151 (3):335 - 346.score: 92.0
    Kim’s model of ‘functional reduction’ of properties is shown to fail in a class of cases from physics involving properties at different spatial levels. The diagnosis of this failure leads to a non-reductive account of the relation of micro and macro properties.
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  25. Brian Ellis (1957). A Comparison of Process and Non-Process Theories in the Physical Sciences. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 8 (29):45-56.score: 92.0
  26. Harry Collins (2007). Mathematical Understanding and the Physical Sciences. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (4):667-685.score: 92.0
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  27. James J. Dooley & Helen M. Kerch (2000). Evolving Research Misconduct Policies and Their Significance for Physical Scientists. Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (1):109-121.score: 92.0
    Scientific misconduct includes the fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism (FFP) of concepts, data or ideas; some institutions in the United States have expanded this concept to include “other serious deviations (OSD) from accepted research practice.” It is the absence of this OSD clause that distinguishes scientific misconduct policies of the past from the “research misconduct” policies that should be the basis of future federal policy in this area. This paper introduces a standard for judging whether an action should be considered research (...)
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  28. Jim Woodward (1993). Book Review:The Chances of Explanation: Causal Explanation in the Social, Medical and Physical Sciences Paul Humphreys. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 60 (4):671-.score: 92.0
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  29. Cliff Hooker (1984). Book Review:From Being to Becoming: Time and Complexity in the Physical Sciences Ilya Prigogine. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 51 (2):355-.score: 92.0
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  30. Michael Bradie (1973). Book Review:Scientific Method: The Hypothetico-Experimental Laboratory Procedure of the Physical Sciences James K. Feibleman. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 40 (3):467-.score: 92.0
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  31. Juliana Adelman (2010). It's Part of What We Are: Some Irish Contributors to the Development of the Chemical and Physical Sciences. Annals of Science 67 (2):294-295.score: 92.0
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  32. E. H. F. (1952). Book Review:An Introduction to Criminalistics: The Application of the Physical Sciences to the Detection of Crime Charles E. O'Hara, James W. Osterburg. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 19 (3):243-.score: 92.0
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  33. Paul Humphreys & Jim Woodward (1993). The Chances of Explanation: Causal Explanation in the Social, Medical and Physical Sciences. Philosophy of Science 60 (4):659.score: 92.0
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  34. Viii Part (2013). Philosophy of the Physical Sciences: Philosophy of Chemistry. In Vassilios Karakostas & Dennis Dieks (eds.), Epsa11 Perspectives and Foundational Problems in Philosophy of Science. Springer.score: 92.0
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  35. Ronald Laymon (1978). Book Review:Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences Colin Howson. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 45 (2):318-.score: 92.0
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  36. L. Pearce Williams (1962). The Physical Sciences in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century: Problems and Sources. History of Science 1:1.score: 92.0
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  37. Xin-xin Zhang, Zhao-lin Huo & Yue-Hong Zhang (2013). Detecting and (Not) Dealing with Plagiarism in an Engineering Paper: Beyond CrossCheck—A Case Study. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):1-11.score: 92.0
    In papers in areas such as engineering and the physical sciences, figures, tables and formulae are the basic elements to communicate the authors’ core ideas, workings and results. As a computational text-matching tool, CrossCheck cannot work on these non-textual elements to detect plagiarism. Consequently, when comparing engineering or physical sciences papers, CrossCheck may return a low similarity index even when plagiarism has in fact taken place. A case of demonstrated plagiarism involving engineering papers with a low (...)
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  38. Christa Binder (2012). The Geometry of an Art, The History of the Mathematical Theory of Perspective From Alberti to Monge. Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences. Annals of Science 69 (2):291-294.score: 92.0
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  39. John Earman (1992). In the Physical Sciences. In Merrilee H. Salmon (ed.), Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. Hackett Pub.. 232.score: 92.0
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  40. Frank E. Hartung (1948). On the Contribution of Sociology to the Physical Sciences. Philosophy of Science 15 (2):109-115.score: 92.0
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  41. David M. Knight (1971). The Physical Sciences and the Romantic Movement. History of Science 9:54.score: 92.0
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  42. K. Mainzer (1994). Symmetries in the Physical Sciences. In. In Dag Prawitz & Dag Westerståhl (eds.), Logic and Philosophy of Science in Uppsala. Kluwer. 453--464.score: 92.0
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  43. Jaume Navarro (2006). Imperial Incursions in Late-Victorian Cambridge: JJ Thomson and the Domains of the Physical Sciences. History of Science 44:469-495.score: 92.0
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  44. Mary Jo Nye & D. E. H. Edgerton (1999). Book Reviews-Physical Sciences: Heat, Optics, Chemistry-Before Big Science: The Pursuit of Modern Chemistry and Physics, 1800-1940. Annals of Science 56 (1):107.score: 92.0
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  45. Joseph Margolis (2011). Toward a Theory of Human History. Journal of the Philosophy of History 4 (3-4):245-273.score: 90.0
    I show the sense in which the concept of history as a human science affects our theory of the natural sciences and, therefore, our theory of the unity of the physical and human sciences. The argument proceeds by way of reviewing the effect of the Darwinian contribution regarding teleologism and of post-Darwinian paleonanthropology on the transformation of the primate members of Homo sapiens into societies of historied selves. The strategy provides a novel way of recovering the unity (...)
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  46. Thomas S. Kuhn (1961). The Function of Measurement in Modern Physical Sciences. Isis 52:161-193.score: 90.0
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  47. Rom Harré (1997). Is There a Basic Ontology for the Physical Sciences ? Dialectica 51 (1):17–34.score: 90.0
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  48. Max Kistler (2006). Reduction and Emergence in the Physical Sciences: Reply to Rueger. Synthese 151 (3):347 - 354.score: 90.0
    I analyse Rueger’s application of Kim’s model of functional reduction to the relation between the thermal conductivities of metal bars at macroscopic and atomic scales. 1) I show that it is a misunderstanding to accuse the functional reduction model of not accounting for the fact that there are causal powers at the micro-level which have no equivalent at the macro-level. The model not only allows but requires that the causal powers by virtue of which a functional predicate is defined, are (...)
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  49. Don Howard (2007). Reduction and Emergence in the Physical Sciences: Some Lessons From the Particle Physics and Condensed Matter Debate. In Nancey C. Murphy & William R. Stoeger (eds.), Evolution and Emergence: Systems, Organisms, Persons. Oxford University Press. 141--157.score: 90.0
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  50. Ronald Laymon (1993). The Computational and Confirmational Differences Between the Social and the Physical Sciences. Philosophia 22 (3-4):241-273.score: 90.0
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