Search results for 'Physical Theory' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  3
    Wolfgang Baer (2015). On the Necessity of Including the Observer in Physical Theory. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 11 (2):160-174.
    All statements describing physical reality are derived through interpretation of measurement results that requires a theory of the measuring instruments used to make the measurements. The ultimate measuring instrument is our body which displays its measurement results in our mind. Since a physical theory of our mind-body is unknown, the correct interpretation of its measurement results is unknown. The success of the physical sciences has led to a tendency to treat assumption in physics as indisputable (...)
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  2.  64
    James T. Culbertson (1942). A Physical Theory of Sensation. Philosophy of Science 9 (April):197-226.
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  3. David-Hillel Ruben (2015). The Physical Action Theory of Trying. Methode 4 (6).
    Metaphysically speaking, just what is trying? There appear to be two options: to place it on the side of the mind or on the side of the world. Volitionists, who think that to try is to engage in a mental act, perhaps identical to willing and perhaps not, take the mind-side option. The second, or world-side option identifies trying to do something with one of the more basic actions by which one tries to do that thing. The trying is then (...)
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  4.  15
    Taiki Takahashi (2014). Toward a Physical Theory of Quantum Cognition. Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):104-107.
    Recently, mathematical models based on quantum formalism have been developed in cognitive science. The target articles in this special issue of Topics in Cognitive Science clearly illustrate how quantum theoretical formalism can account for various aspects of human judgment and decision making in a quantitatively and mathematically rigorous manner. In this commentary, we show how future studies in quantum cognition and decision making should be developed to establish theoretical foundations based on physical theory, by introducing Taketani's three-stage (...) of the development of science. Also, implications for neuroeconomics (another rapidly evolving approach to human judgment and decision making) are discussed. (shrink)
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  5.  14
    Erik Curiel, Kinematics, Dynamics, and the Structure of Physical Theory.
    Every physical theory has two different forms of mathematical equations to represent its target systems: the dynamical and the kinematical. Kinematical constraints are differentiated from equations of motion by the fact that their particular form is fixed once and for all, irrespective of the interactions the system enters into. By contrast, the particular form of a system's equations of motion depends essentially on the particular interaction the system enters into. All contemporary accounts of the structure and semantics of (...)
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  6. Sam Baron, Peter Evans & Kristie Miller (2010). From Timeless Physical Theory to Timelessness. Humana.Mente 13:35-59.
    This paper addresses the extent to which both Julian Barbour‘s Machian formulation of general relativity and his interpretation of canonical quantum gravity can be called timeless. We differentiate two types of timelessness in Barbour‘s (1994a, 1994b and 1999c). We argue that Barbour‘s metaphysical contention that ours is a timeless world is crucially lacking an account of the essential features of time—an account of what features our world would need to have if it were to count as being one in which (...)
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  7. Anastasios Brenner, Paul Needham, David Stump & Robert Deltete (2011). New Perspectives on Pierre Duhem's The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory. Metascience 20 (1):1-25.
    New perspectives on Pierre Duhem’s The aim and structure of physical theory Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9467-3 Authors Anastasios Brenner, Department of Philosophy, Paul Valéry University-Montpellier III, Route De Mende, 34199 Montpellier cedex 5, France Paul Needham, Department of Philosophy, University of Stockholm, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden David J. Stump, Department of Philosophy, University of San Francisco, 2130 Fulton Street, San Francisco, CA 94117, USA Robert Deltete, Department of Philosophy, Seattle University, 901 12th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98122-1090, USA (...)
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  8.  7
    David Leith (2012). Pores and Void in Asclepiades' Physical Theory. Phronesis 57 (2):164-191.
    Abstract This paper examines a fundamental, though relatively understudied, aspect of the physical theory of the physician Asclepiades of Bithynia, namely his doctrine of pores. My principal thesis is that this doctrine is dependent on a conception of void taken directly from Epicurean physics. The paper falls into two parts: the first half addresses the evidence for the presence of void in Asclepiades' theory, and concludes that his conception of void was basically that of Epicurus; the second (...)
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  9.  26
    Alan C. Bowen (2007). The Demarcation of Physical Theory and Astronomy by Geminus and Ptolemy. Perspectives on Science 15 (3):327-358.
    : The Hellenistic reception of Babylonian horoscopic astrology gave rise to the question of what the planets really do and whether astrology is a science. This question in turn became one of defining the Greco-Latin science of astronomy, a project that took Aristotle's views as a starting-point. Thus, I concentrate on one aspect of the various definitions of astronomy proposed in Hellenistic times, their demarcation of astronomy and physical theory. I explicate the account offered by Geminus and its (...)
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  10.  4
    Peter Clark (1990). Explanation in Physics: Explanation in Physical Theory. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 27:155-175.
    The corpus of physical theory is a paradigm of knowledge. The evolution of modern physical theory constitutes the clearest exemplar of the growth of knowledge. If the development of physical theory does not constitute an example of progress and growth in what we know about the Universe nothing does. So anyone interested in the theory of knowledge must be interested consequently in the evolution and content of physical theory. Crucial to the (...)
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  11. Erik Curiel, Classical Mechanics is Lagrangian; It is Not Hamiltonian; the Semantics of Physical Theory is Not Semantical.
    One can (for the most part) formulate a model of a classical system in either the Lagrangian or the Hamiltonian framework. Though it is often thought that those two formulations are equivalent in all important ways, this is not true: the underlying geometrical structures one uses to formulate each theory are not isomorphic. This raises the question whether one of the two is a more natural framework for the representation of classical systems. In the event, the answer is yes: (...)
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  12.  92
    Marton Gomori & Laszlo E. Szabo, Is the Relativity Principle Consistent with Electrodynamics? Towards a Logico-Empiricist Reconstruction of a Physical Theory.
    It is common in the literature on electrodynamics and relativity theory that the transformation rules for the basic electrodynamical quantities are derived from the hypothesis that the relativity principle (RP) applies for Maxwell's electrodynamics. As it will turn out from our analysis, these derivations raise several problems, and certain steps are logically questionable. This is, however, not our main concern in this paper. Even if these derivations were completely correct, they leave open the following questions: (1) Is (RP) a (...)
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  13.  74
    Henry P. Stapp, Compatibility of Contemporary Physical Theory with Personality Survival.
    Orthodox quantum mechanics is technically built around an element that von Neumann called Process 1. In its basic form it consists of an action that reduces the prior state of a physical system to a sum of two parts, which can be regarded as the parts corresponding to the answers ‘Yes’ and ‘No’ to a specific question that this action poses, or ‘puts to nature’. Nature returns one answer or the other, in accordance with statistical weightings specified by the (...)
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  14. Paul M. Quay (1975). The Estimative Functions of Physical Theory. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 6 (2):125-157.
    Attention is drawn to two closely related functions served by scientific theory which are of fundamental importance in physical science but as yet little discussed in philosophy. As indicated by their names, they constitute the theoretical basis of physical measurements. After analysing some historically important examples and sketching the historical development of these ideas, this paper examines the similarities and differences between the estimate functions of theory and such well-known functions as prediction and explanation. The pervasiveness (...)
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  15. Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem (1954). The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory. Princeton, Princeton University Press.
    This classic work in the philosophy of physical science is an incisive and readable account of the scientific method. Pierre Duhem was one of the great figures in French science, a devoted teacher, and a distinguished scholar of the history and philosophy of science. This book represents his most mature thought on a wide range of topics.
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  16.  9
    Victor Fritz Lenzen (1931). The Nature of Physical Theory. London, Chapman & Hall, Limited.
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  17. W. De Baere (2005). On the Consequences of Retaining the General Validity of Locality in Physical Theory. Foundations of Physics 35 (1):33-56.
    The empirical validity of the locality (LOC) principle of relativity is used to argue in favour of a local hidden variable theory (HVT) for individual quantum processes. It is shown that such a HVT may reproduce the statistical predictions of quantum mechanics (QM), provided the reproducibility of initial hidden variable states is limited. This means that in a HVT limits should be set to the validity of the notion of counterfactual definiteness (CFD). This is supported by the empirical evidence (...)
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  18.  91
    Mark Zangari (1992). Adding Potential to a Physical Theory of Causation. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:261-273.
    Several authors have recently attempted to provide a physicalist analysis of causation by appealing to terms from physics that characterise causal processes. Accounts based on forces, energy/momentum transfer and fundamental interactions have been suggested in the literature. In this paper, I wish to show that the former two are untenable when the effect of enclosed electromagnetic fluxes in quantum theory is considered. Furthermore, I suggest that even in the classical and non-relativistic limits, a theory of fundamental interactions should (...)
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  19. Euan J. Squires (1993). Quantum Theory and the Relation Between the Conscious Mind and the Physical World. Synthese 97 (1):109-23.
    The measurement problem of quantum theory is discussed, and the difficulty of trying to solve it within the confines of a local, Lorentz-invariant physics is emphasised. This leads to the obvious suggestion to seek a solution beyond physics, in particular, by introducing the concept of consciousness. The resulting dualistic model, in the natural form suggested by quantum theory, is shown to differ in several respects from the classical model of Descartes, and to suggest solutions to some of the (...)
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  20.  63
    Roberto Maiocchi (1990). Pierre Duhem's the Aim and Structure of Physical Theory: A Book Against Conventionalism. Synthese 83 (3):385 - 400.
    I reject the widely held view that Duhem's 1906 book La Théorie physique is a statement of instrumentalistic conventionalism, motivated by the scientific crisis at the end of the nineteenth century. By considering Duhem's historical context I show that his epistemological views were already formed before the crisis occured; that he consistently supported general thermodynamics against the new atomism; and that he rejected the epistemological views of the latter's philosophical supporters. In particular I show that Duhem rejected Poincaré's account of (...)
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  21.  6
    Roland Sypel & Harvey R. Brown (1992). When is a Physical Theory Relativistic? PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:507 - 514.
    Considerable work within the modern 'space-time theory' approach to relativity physics has been devoted to clarifying the role and meaning of the principle of relativity. Two recent discussions of the principle within this approach, due to Arntzenius (1990) and Friedman (1983), are found to contain difficulties.
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  22.  2
    A. R. Marlow (1978). Orthomodular Structures and Physical Theory. In Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Theory. Academic Press 59--70.
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  23. Lawrence Sklar (ed.) (2014). Physical Theory: Method and Interpretation. OUP Usa.
    In nine new essays, distinguished philosophers of science discuss outstanding issues in scientific methodology --especially that of the physical sciences-and address philosophical questions that arise in the exploration of the foundations of contemporary science.
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  24. Fritz Rohrlich (1988). Pluralistic Ontology and Theory Reduction in the Physical Sciences. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (3):295-312.
    It is demonstrated that the reduction of a physical theory S to another one, T, in the sense that S can be derived from T holds in general only for the mathematical framework. The interpretation of S and the associated central terms cannot all be derived from those of T because of the qualitative differences between the cognitive levels of S and T. Their cognitively autonomous status leads to an epistemic as well as an ontological pluralism. This pluralism (...)
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  25.  66
    Alyssa Ney & Kathryn Phillips (2013). Does an Adequate Physical Theory Demand a Primitive Ontology? Philosophy of Science 80 (3):454-474.
  26.  74
    Henri Atlan (1998). Intentional Self-Organization. Emergence and Reduction: Towards a Physical Theory of Intentionality. Thesis Eleven 52 (1):5-34.
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  27. Lars Bergström (2004). Underdetermination of Physical Theory. In Roger F. Gibson (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Quine. Cambridge University Press 91--114.
  28.  29
    N. E. (1936). The Nature of Physical Theory. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 33 (16):445-446.
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  29. John F. Halpin (1994). Legitimizing Chance: The Best-System Approach to Probabilistic Laws in Physical Theory. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72 (3):317 – 338.
  30. Ninian Marshall (1960). ESP and Memory: A Physical Theory. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 10 (40):265-286.
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  31.  61
    Margaret Morrison (2005). Approximating the Real: The Role of Idealizations in Physical Theory. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 86 (1):145-172.
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  32. Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem (1969). To Save the Phenomena, an Essay on the Idea of Physical Theory From Plato to Galileo. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
  33.  45
    Milton Fisk (1963). Cause and Time in Physical Theory. Review of Metaphysics 16 (3):522 - 549.
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  34.  2
    Mark A. Schroll (2005). Toward a Physical Theory of the Source of Religion. Anthropology of Consciousness 16 (1):56-69.
  35.  30
    Alexander William Stern (1929). The Role of Mathematics in Modern Physical Theory. The Monist 39 (2):263-272.
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  36.  10
    William M. Kegel (1947). The A Priori in Physical Theory. Modern Schoolman 25 (1):53-54.
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  37.  39
    Gregory Vlastos (1950). The Physical Theory of Anaxagoras. Philosophical Review 59 (1):31-57.
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  38.  27
    Eric Lewis (2000). Anaxagoras and the Seeds of a Physical Theory. Apeiron 33 (1):1 - 23.
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  39.  40
    William Marias Malisoff (1947). Book Review:The a Priori in Physical Theory Arthur Pap. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 14 (1):103-.
  40.  7
    George S. Sperti & Joseph Schneider (1938). Efficient Cause and Current Physical Theory. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 14:12-23.
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  41.  7
    Leo A. Foley (1952). The Lnterplay of Art and Nature in Physical Theory. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 26:133-140.
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  42.  7
    Raymond J. Nogar (1951). Toward a Physical Theory. New Scholasticism 25 (4):397-438.
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  43.  16
    Peressini Anthony (1997). Troubles with Indispensability: Applying Pure Mathematics in Physical Theory. Philosophia Mathematica 5 (3).
  44.  16
    Richard Manning, Spinoza's Physical Theory. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  45.  5
    Salvo D'Agostino (1990). Boltzmann and Hertz on the Bild-Conception of Physical Theory. History of Science 28 (4):380-398.
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  46.  12
    P. W. Bridgman (1936). The Nature of Physical Theory. Princeton, Princeton University Press.
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  47.  31
    Pierre Duhem (1990). Logical Examination of Physical Theory. Synthese 83 (2):183 - 188.
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  48.  5
    Erwin Biser (1947). Entity and Aspects. (As Pertaining to Physical Theory). Philosophy of Science 14 (2):105-115.
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  49.  16
    Robert J. Deltete (1995). Hawking on God and Physical Theory. Zygon 30 (4):635-642.
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  50.  8
    James Culbertson (1975). A Physical Theory of Subjective Phenomena. World Futures 14 (3):269-288.
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