Search results for 'Physical Theory' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. James T. Culbertson (1942). A Physical Theory of Sensation. Philosophy of Science 9 (April):197-226.score: 75.0
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  2. Taiki Takahashi (2014). Toward a Physical Theory of Quantum Cognition. Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):104-107.score: 66.0
    Recently, mathematical models based on quantum formalism have been developed in cognitive science. The target articles in this special issue of Topics in Cognitive Science clearly illustrate how quantum theoretical formalism can account for various aspects of human judgment and decision making in a quantitatively and mathematically rigorous manner. In this commentary, we show how future studies in quantum cognition and decision making should be developed to establish theoretical foundations based on physical theory, by introducing Taketani's three-stage (...) of the development of science. Also, implications for neuroeconomics (another rapidly evolving approach to human judgment and decision making) are discussed. (shrink)
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  3. Stojan Obradovć (2013). Empirical Evidence in the Structure of Physical Theories. Foundations of Science 18 (2):307-318.score: 64.0
    The author considers the empirical component of physical theories. He studies the origin and development of the theory of physical experiment, the structure and gnoseological hypotheses of the measuring process, as well as the relativity principle concerning the measuring equipment. Examples of modern physical theories are used in order to demonstrate the influence of experimental facts on the formation and development, verification and accepting of these theories in the structure of scientific systems. The role of accidental (...)
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  4. Anastasios Brenner, Paul Needham, David Stump & Robert Deltete (2011). New Perspectives on Pierre Duhem's The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory. Metascience 20 (1):1-25.score: 60.0
    New perspectives on Pierre Duhem’s The aim and structure of physical theory Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9467-3 Authors Anastasios Brenner, Department of Philosophy, Paul Valéry University-Montpellier III, Route De Mende, 34199 Montpellier cedex 5, France Paul Needham, Department of Philosophy, University of Stockholm, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden David J. Stump, Department of Philosophy, University of San Francisco, 2130 Fulton Street, San Francisco, CA 94117, USA Robert Deltete, Department of Philosophy, Seattle University, 901 12th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98122-1090, USA (...)
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  5. Sam Baron, Peter Evans & Kristie Miller (2010). From Timeless Physical Theory to Timelessness. Humana.Mente 13:35-59.score: 60.0
    This paper addresses the extent to which both Julian Barbour‘s Machian formulation of general relativity and his interpretation of canonical quantum gravity can be called timeless. We differentiate two types of timelessness in Barbour‘s (1994a, 1994b and 1999c). We argue that Barbour‘s metaphysical contention that ours is a timeless world is crucially lacking an account of the essential features of time—an account of what features our world would need to have if it were to count as being one in which (...)
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  6. Alan C. Bowen (2007). The Demarcation of Physical Theory and Astronomy by Geminus and Ptolemy. Perspectives on Science 15 (3):327-358.score: 60.0
    : The Hellenistic reception of Babylonian horoscopic astrology gave rise to the question of what the planets really do and whether astrology is a science. This question in turn became one of defining the Greco-Latin science of astronomy, a project that took Aristotle's views as a starting-point. Thus, I concentrate on one aspect of the various definitions of astronomy proposed in Hellenistic times, their demarcation of astronomy and physical theory. I explicate the account offered by Geminus and its (...)
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  7. David Leith (2012). Pores and Void in Asclepiades' Physical Theory. Phronesis 57 (2):164-191.score: 60.0
    Abstract This paper examines a fundamental, though relatively understudied, aspect of the physical theory of the physician Asclepiades of Bithynia, namely his doctrine of pores. My principal thesis is that this doctrine is dependent on a conception of void taken directly from Epicurean physics. The paper falls into two parts: the first half addresses the evidence for the presence of void in Asclepiades' theory, and concludes that his conception of void was basically that of Epicurus; the second (...)
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  8. Erik Curiel, Classical Mechanics is Lagrangian; It is Not Hamiltonian; the Semantics of Physical Theory is Not Semantical.score: 58.0
    One can (for the most part) formulate a model of a classical system in either the Lagrangian or the Hamiltonian framework. Though it is often thought that those two formulations are equivalent in all important ways, this is not true: the underlying geometrical structures one uses to formulate each theory are not isomorphic. This raises the question whether one of the two is a more natural framework for the representation of classical systems. In the event, the answer is yes: (...)
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  9. Michel Paty (2012). On the Structure of Rationality in the Thought and Invention or Creation of Physical Theories. Principia 15 (2):303.score: 58.0
    We want to consider anew the question, which is recurrent along the history of philosophy, of the relationship between rationality and mathematics, by inquiring to which extent the structuration of rationality, which ensures the unity of its function under a variety of forms (and even according to an evolution of these forms), could be considered as homeomorphic with that of mathematical thought, taken in its movement and made concrete in its theories. This idea, which is as old as philosophy itself, (...)
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  10. Marton Gomori & Laszlo E. Szabo, Is the Relativity Principle Consistent with Electrodynamics? Towards a Logico-Empiricist Reconstruction of a Physical Theory.score: 57.0
    It is common in the literature on electrodynamics and relativity theory that the transformation rules for the basic electrodynamical quantities are derived from the hypothesis that the relativity principle (RP) applies for Maxwell's electrodynamics. As it will turn out from our analysis, these derivations raise several problems, and certain steps are logically questionable. This is, however, not our main concern in this paper. Even if these derivations were completely correct, they leave open the following questions: (1) Is (RP) a (...)
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  11. Henry P. Stapp, Compatibility of Contemporary Physical Theory with Personality Survival.score: 57.0
    Orthodox quantum mechanics is technically built around an element that von Neumann called Process 1. In its basic form it consists of an action that reduces the prior state of a physical system to a sum of two parts, which can be regarded as the parts corresponding to the answers ‘Yes’ and ‘No’ to a specific question that this action poses, or ‘puts to nature’. Nature returns one answer or the other, in accordance with statistical weightings specified by the (...)
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  12. Victor Fritz Lenzen (1931). The Nature of Physical Theory. London, Chapman & Hall, Limited.score: 57.0
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  13. Euan J. Squires (1993). Quantum Theory and the Relation Between the Conscious Mind and the Physical World. Synthese 97 (1):109-23.score: 54.0
    The measurement problem of quantum theory is discussed, and the difficulty of trying to solve it within the confines of a local, Lorentz-invariant physics is emphasised. This leads to the obvious suggestion to seek a solution beyond physics, in particular, by introducing the concept of consciousness. The resulting dualistic model, in the natural form suggested by quantum theory, is shown to differ in several respects from the classical model of Descartes, and to suggest solutions to some of the (...)
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  14. Mark Zangari (1992). Adding Potential to a Physical Theory of Causation. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:261 - 273.score: 51.0
    Several authors have recently attempted to provide a physicalist analysis of causation by appealing to terms from physics that characterise causal processes. Accounts based on forces, energy/momentum transfer and fundamental interactions have been suggested in the literature. In this paper, I wish to show that the former two are untenable when the effect of enclosed electromagnetic fluxes in quantum theory is considered (i.e. the Aharonov-Bohm effect). Furthermore, I suggest that even in the classical and non-relativistic limits, a (...) of fundamental interactions should not be reduced to either a theory of forces or of energy/momentum transfer, but should be understood as a classical account of mutual interactions. Causal links are therefore correctly characterised by generalised potentials. This leads to some speculation regarding the fundamental ontology of interactions and, in particular, the role of the quantum mechanical phase. (shrink)
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  15. Fritz Rohrlich (1988). Pluralistic Ontology and Theory Reduction in the Physical Sciences. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (3):295-312.score: 51.0
    It is demonstrated that the reduction of a physical theory S to another one, T, in the sense that S can be derived from T holds in general only for the mathematical framework. The interpretation of S and the associated central terms cannot all be derived from those of T because of the qualitative differences between the cognitive levels of S and T. Their cognitively autonomous status leads to an epistemic as well as an ontological pluralism. This pluralism (...)
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  16. Roland Sypel & Harvey R. Brown (1992). When is a Physical Theory Relativistic? PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:507 - 514.score: 51.0
    Considerable work within the modern 'space-time theory' approach to relativity physics has been devoted to clarifying the role and meaning of the principle of relativity. Two recent discussions of the principle within this approach, due to Arntzenius (1990) and Friedman (1983), are found to contain difficulties.
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  17. Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem (1954). The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory. Princeton, Princeton University Press.score: 50.0
    This classic work in the philosophy of physical science is an incisive and readable account of the scientific method. Pierre Duhem was one of the great figures in French science, a devoted teacher, and a distinguished scholar of the history and philosophy of science. This book represents his most mature thought on a wide range of topics.
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  18. Olivier Darrigol (2008). The Modular Structure of Physical Theories. Synthese 162 (2):195 - 223.score: 50.0
    Any advanced theory of physics contains modules defined as essential components that are themselves theories with different domains of application. Different kinds of modules can be distinguished according to the way in which they fit in the symbolic and interpretive apparatus of a theory. The number and kind of the modules of a given theory vary as the theory evolves in time. The relative stability of modules and the variability of their insertion in other theories play (...)
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  19. W. De Baere (2005). On the Consequences of Retaining the General Validity of Locality in Physical Theory. Foundations of Physics 35 (1):33-56.score: 49.0
    The empirical validity of the locality (LOC) principle of relativity is used to argue in favour of a local hidden variable theory (HVT) for individual quantum processes. It is shown that such a HVT may reproduce the statistical predictions of quantum mechanics (QM), provided the reproducibility of initial hidden variable states is limited. This means that in a HVT limits should be set to the validity of the notion of counterfactual definiteness (CFD). This is supported by the empirical evidence (...)
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  20. Holger Neumann (1983). The Description of Preparation and Registration of Physical Systems and Conventional Probability Theory. Foundations of Physics 13 (8):761-778.score: 49.0
    The connection of the structure of statistical selection procedures with measure theory is investigated. The methods of measure theory are applied in order to analyze a mathematical description of preparation and registration of physical systems that is used by G. Ludwig for a foundation of quantum mechanics.
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  21. V. J. Lee (1980). Physical Foundations of Quantum Theory: Stochastic Formulation and Proposed Experimental Test. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 10 (1-2):77-107.score: 49.0
    The time-dependent Schrödinger equation has been derived from three assumptions within the domain of classical and stochastic mechanics. The continuity equation isnot used in deriving the basic equations of the stochastic theory as in the literature. They are obtained by representing Newton's second law in a time-inversion consistent equation. Integrating the latter, we obtain the stochastic Hamilton-Jacobi equation. The Schrödinger equation is a result of a transformation of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation and linearization by assigning the arbitrary constant ħ=2mD. An (...)
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  22. D. Han, Y. S. Kim & Marilyn E. Noz (1981). Physical Principles in Quantum Field Theory and in Covariant Harmonic Oscillator Formalism. Foundations of Physics 11 (11-12):895-905.score: 49.0
    It is shown that both covariant harmonic oscillator formalism and quantum field theory are based on common physical principles which include Poincaré covariance, Heisenberg's space-momentum uncertainty relation, and Dirac's “C-number” time-energy uncertainty relation. It is shown in particular that the oscillator wave functions are derivable from the physical principles which are used in the derivation of the Klein-Nishina formula.
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  23. Roberto Maiocchi (1990). Pierre Duhem's the Aim and Structure of Physical Theory: A Book Against Conventionalism. Synthese 83 (3):385 - 400.score: 48.0
    I reject the widely held view that Duhem's 1906 book La Théorie physique is a statement of instrumentalistic conventionalism, motivated by the scientific crisis at the end of the nineteenth century. By considering Duhem's historical context I show that his epistemological views were already formed before the crisis occured; that he consistently supported general thermodynamics against the new atomism; and that he rejected the epistemological views of the latter's philosophical supporters. In particular I show that Duhem rejected Poincaré's account of (...)
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  24. Robert Disalle (1995). Spacetime Theory as Physical Geometry. Erkenntnis 42 (3):317-337.score: 48.0
    Discussions of the metaphysical status of spacetime assume that a spacetime theory offers a causal explanation of phenomena of relative motion, and that the fundamental philosophical question is whether the inference to that explanation is warranted. I argue that those assumptions are mistaken, because they ignore the essential character of spacetime theory as a kind of physical geometry. As such, a spacetime theory does notcausally explain phenomena of motion, but uses them to construct physicaldefinitions of basic (...)
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  25. Stephen Mumford (1999). Intentionality and the Physical: A New Theory of Disposition Ascription. Philosophical Quarterly 50 (195):215-25.score: 48.0
    This paper has three aims. First, I aim to stress the importance of the issue of the dispositional/categorical distinction in the light of the evident failure of the traditional formulation, which is in terms of conditional entailment. Second, I consider one radical new alternative on offer from Ullin Place: intentionality as the mark of the dispositional. I explain the appeal of physical intentionality, but show it ultimately to be unacceptable. Finally, I suggest what would be a better theory. (...)
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  26. Mario Bunge (1968). Physical Time: The Objective and Relational Theory. Philosophy of Science 35 (4):355-388.score: 48.0
    An objective and relational theory of local time is expounded and its philosophical implications are discussed in Sect. 2. In Sect. 3 certain physical and metaphysical questions concerning time are taken up in the light of that theory. The basic concepts of the theory are those of event, reference frame, chronometric scale, and time function. These are subject to four axioms: existence of events, frames and scales; time is a real valued function; the set of events (...)
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  27. Philip Clapson, The Theory of Brain-Sign: A Physical Alternative to Consciousness.score: 48.0
    Consciousness and the mind are prescientific concepts that begin with Greek theorizing. They suppose human rationality and reasoning placed in the human head by God, who structured the universe he created with the same kind of underlying characteristics. Descartes’ development of the model included scientific objectivity by placing the mind outside the physical universe. In its failure under evidential scrutiny and without physical explanation, this model is destined for terminal decline. Instead, a genuine biological and physical function (...)
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  28. Edwin J. Beggs, José Félix Costa & John V. Tucker (2010). Physical Oracles: The Turing Machine and the Wheatstone Bridge. Studia Logica 95 (1/2):279 - 300.score: 48.0
    Earlier, we have studied computations possible by physical systems and by algorithms combined with physical systems. In particular, we have analysed the idea of using an experiment as an oracle to an abstract computational device, such as the Turing machine. The theory of composite machines of this kind can be used to understand (a) a Turing machine receiving extra computational power from a physical process, or (b) an experimenter modelled as a Turing machine performing a test (...)
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  29. Guillermo Rosado Haddock (2012). Husserl's Conception of Physical Theories and Physical Geometry in the Time of the Prolegomena : A Comparison with Duhem's and Poincaré's Views. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 22 (1):171-193.score: 48.0
    This paper discusses Husserl’s views on physical theories in the first volume of his Logical Investigations , and compares them with those of his contemporaries Pierre Duhem and Henri Poincaré. Poincaré’s views serve as a bridge to a discussion of Husserl’s almost unknown views on physical geometry from about 1890 on, which in comparison even with Poincaré’s—not to say Frege’s—or almost any other philosopher of his time, represented a rupture with the philosophical tradition and were much more in (...)
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  30. Brent Mundy (1987). Faithful Representation, Physical Extensive Measurement Theory and Archimedean Axioms. Synthese 70 (3):373 - 400.score: 48.0
    The formal methods of the representational theory of measurement (RTM) are applied to the extensive scales of physical science, with some modifications of interpretation and of formalism. The interpretative modification is in the direction of theoretical realism rather than the narrow empiricism which is characteristic of RTM. The formal issues concern the formal representational conditions which extensive scales should be assumed to satisfy; I argue in the physical case for conditions related to weak rather than strong extensive (...)
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  31. Guillermo E. Rosado Haddock (2012). Husserl's Conception of Physical Theories and Physical Geometry in the Time of the Prolegomena: A Comparison with Duhem's and Poincaré's Views. Axiomathes 22 (1):171-193.score: 48.0
    This paper discusses Husserl’s views on physical theories in the first volume of his Logical Investigations, and compares them with those of his contemporaries Pierre Duhem and Henri Poincaré. Poincaré’s views serve as a bridge to a discussion of Husserl’s almost unknown views on physical geometry from about 1890 on, which in comparison even with Poincaré’s—not to say Frege’s—or almost any other philosopher of his time, represented a rupture with the philosophical tradition and were much more in tune (...)
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  32. John Dempsher (1980). A Bio-Physical Basis of Mathematics in Synaptic Function of the Nervous System: A Theory. Acta Biotheoretica 29 (3-4).score: 48.0
    The purpose of this paper is to present a bio-physical basis of mathematics. The essence of the theory is that function in the nervous system is mathematical. The mathematics arises as a result of the interaction of energy (a wave with a precise curvature in space and time) and matter (a molecular or ionic structure with a precise form in space and time). In this interaction, both energy and matter play an active role. That is, the interaction results (...)
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  33. A. R. Marlow (1978). Orthomodular Structures and Physical Theory. In , Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Theory. Academic Press. 59--70.score: 48.0
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  34. Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem (1969). To Save the Phenomena, an Essay on the Idea of Physical Theory From Plato to Galileo. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.score: 47.0
     
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  35. P. W. Bridgman (1936). The Nature of Physical Theory. Princeton, Princeton University Press.score: 47.0
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  36. Arthur Pap (1946/1968). The a Priori in Physical Theory. New York, Russell & Russell.score: 47.0
     
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  37. Paul Busch, Book Review: Physical Theory and its Interpretation - Essays in Honor of Jeffrey Bub. [REVIEW]score: 46.0
    This is a book review. To be published in Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
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  38. E. J. Post (1977). A Minor or a Major Predicament of Physical Theory? (Charge and Action Polarity and Their Order Properties). Foundations of Physics 7 (3-4):255-277.score: 46.0
    The questions of observational error and ambiguity of interpretation that have been raised in connection with the reported observation of a magnetic monopole have precipitated a situation calling for some further insight into the pairing principles of nature. A basic distinction relates to whether or not a pair is “ordered” (e.g., sexual pair) or without a priori order (e.g., mirror pair). It is shown that the polarity of electric charge is to be regarded as an example of pairing without an (...)
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  39. Leon N. Cooper (1983). Visible and Invisible in Physical Theory. Foundations of Physics 13 (2):247-251.score: 46.0
    The following question is considered: How is it that physicists can invent equations, so rich in structure, so detailed in consequences, and so closely in agreement with experience?
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  40. Andrew Elby, Harvey R. Brown & Sara Foster (1993). What Makes a Physical Theory “Complete”. Foundations of Physics 23 (7).score: 46.0
     
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  41. Graziano Terenzi (2008). Anticipation in Biological and Cognitive Systems: The Need for a Physical Theory of Biological Organization. In World Scientific (ed.), Physics of Emergence and Organization. 371.score: 46.0
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  42. John F. Halpin (1994). Legitimizing Chance: The Best-System Approach to Probabilistic Laws in Physical Theory. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72 (3):317 – 338.score: 45.0
  43. Margaret Morrison (2005). Approximating the Real: The Role of Idealizations in Physical Theory. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 86 (1):145-172.score: 45.0
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  44. Milton Fisk (1963). Cause and Time in Physical Theory. Review of Metaphysics 16 (3):522 - 549.score: 45.0
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  45. Karl R. Popper (1992). Quantum Theory and the Schism in Physics. Routledge.score: 45.0
    The basic theme of Popper's philosophy--that something can come from nothing--is related to the present situation in physical theory. Popper carries his investigation right to the center of current debate in quantum physics. He proposes an interpretation of physics--and indeed an entire cosmology--which is realist, conjectural, deductivist and objectivist, anti-positivist, and anti-instrumentalist. He stresses understanding, reminding us that our ignorance grows faster than our conjectural knowledge.
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  46. William Marias Malisoff (1947). Book Review:The a Priori in Physical Theory Arthur Pap. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 14 (1):103-.score: 45.0
  47. Lars Bergström (2004). Underdetermination of Physical Theory. In Roger F. Gibson (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Quine. Cambridge University Press. 91--114.score: 45.0
  48. Gregory Vlastos (1950). The Physical Theory of Anaxagoras. Philosophical Review 59 (1):31-57.score: 45.0
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  49. Pierre Duhem (1990). Logical Examination of Physical Theory. Synthese 83 (2):183 - 188.score: 45.0
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  50. Alyssa Ney & Kathryn Phillips (2013). Does an Adequate Physical Theory Demand a Primitive Ontology? Philosophy of Science 80 (3):454-474.score: 45.0
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