Search results for 'Physics Congresses' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Paul Weingartner & Gerhard Zecha (eds.) (1970). Induction, Physics, and Ethics. Dordrecht,Reidel.score: 90.0
    INITIAL PROBABILITIES: A PREREQUISITE FOR ANY VALID INDUCTION* * I. INDUCTIVE REASONING AND ITS UNDERLYING ASSUMPTIONS Experience does not tell us anything ...
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  2. Sergio Albeverio, Philippe Combe & M. Sirugue-Collin (eds.) (1982). Stochastic Processes in Quantum Theory and Statistical Physics: Proceedings of the International Workshop Held in Marseille, France, June 29-July 4, 1981. [REVIEW] Springer-Verlag.score: 90.0
  3. Hermann Bondi, Wolfgang Yourgrau & Allen duPont Breck (eds.) (1970). Physics, Logic, and History. New York,Plenum Press.score: 90.0
  4. Lawrence William Friedrich (1960). The Nature of Physical Knowledge. Bloomington, Indiana University Press.score: 70.0
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  5. Villus Palenskis (ed.) (1991). Fluctuation Phenomena in Physical Systems: Proceedings of the 6th Sci. Conference, September 23-27, 1991, Palanga, Lithuania. [REVIEW] Vilnius University Press.score: 70.0
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  6. William B. Rolnick (ed.) (1974). Causality and Physical Theories (Wayne State University, 1973). New York,American Institute of Physics.score: 70.0
  7. Guy K. White (ed.) (1980). Changing Views of the Physical World, 1954-1979. Australian Academy of Science.score: 70.0
  8. Jagdish Mehra (ed.) (1973). The Physicist's Conception of Nature. Boston,Reidel.score: 66.0
    Development of the Physicist's Conception of Nature P. A. M. Dime When one looks back over the development of physics, one sees that it can be pictured as a ...
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  9. Roy J. Glauber, Fritz Haake, L. M. Narducci & D. F. Walls (eds.) (1986). Coherence, Cooperation and Fluctuations: Proceedings of the Symposium on the Occasion of the Sixtieth Birthday of Professor Roy J. Glauber, Harvard University, October 19, 1985. Cambridge University Press.score: 66.0
    This volume contains invited and contributed papers delivered at a symposium on the occasion of Professor Glauber's 60th birthday. The papers, many of which are authored by world leaders in their fields, contain recent research work in quantum optics, statistical mechanics and high energy physics related to the pioneering work of Professor Roy Glauber; most contain original research material that is previously unpublished. The concepts of coherence, cooperativity and fluctuations in systems with many degrees of freedom are a common (...)
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  10. D. Farnsworth (ed.) (1972). Methods of Local and Global Differential Geometry in General Relativity. New York,Springer-Verlag.score: 60.0
  11. Charles Goethe Kuper & Asher Peres (eds.) (1971). Relativity and Gravitation. New York,Gordon and Breach Science Publishers.score: 60.0
  12. Roger Penrose & C. J. Isham (eds.) (1986). Quantum Concepts in Space and Time. New York ;Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Recent developments in quantum theory have focused attention on fundamental questions, in particular on whether it might be necessary to modify quantum mechanics to reconcile quantum gravity and general relativity. This book is based on a conference held in Oxford in the spring of 1984 to discuss quantum gravity. It brings together contributors who examine different aspects of the problem, including the experimental support for quantum mechanics, its strange and apparently paradoxical features, its underlying philosophy, and possible modifications to the (...)
     
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  13. E. Akkermans (ed.) (1995). Physique Quantique Mésoscopique =. Elsevier.score: 60.0
  14. Moshe Carmeli, Stuart I. Fickler & Louis Witten (eds.) (1970). Relativity. New York,Plenum Press.score: 60.0
  15. W. Gans, Alexander Blumen & A. Amann (eds.) (1991). Large-Scale Molecular Systems: Quantum and Stochastic Aspects--Beyond the Simple Molecular Picture. Plenum Press.score: 60.0
  16. Kenʼichi Hikasa (ed.) (1990). Proceedings of the Kek Summer Institute on High Energy Phenomenology: Kek, Tsukuba, Japan, August 21-25, 1990. National Laboratory for High Energy Physics.score: 60.0
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  17. W. Horsthemke & D. K. Kondepudi (eds.) (1984). Fluctuations and Sensitivity in Nonequilibrium Systems: Proceedings of an International Conference, University of Texas, Austin, Texas, March 12-16, 1984. [REVIEW] Springer-Verlag.score: 60.0
  18. Ivan Macan & Valentin Pozaić (eds.) (1987). The Philosophy of Science of Ruđer Bošković: Proceedings of the Symposium of the Institute of Philosophy and Theology, S.J. Distributed by Fordham University Press.score: 60.0
  19. Vittorio Mathieu & Paolo Rossi (eds.) (1979). Scientific Culture in the Contemporary World. Scientia.score: 60.0
     
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  20. Frank Moss, L. A. Lugiato & Wolfgang Schleich (eds.) (1990). Noise and Chaos in Nonlinear Dynamical Systems: Proceedings of the Nato Advanced Research Workshop on Noise and Chaos in Nonlinear Dynamical Systems, Institute for Scientific Interchange, Villa Gualino, Turin, Italy, March 7-11, 1989. [REVIEW] Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
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  21. Diana Kormos Barkan (1993). The Witches' Sabbath: The First International Solvay Congress in Physics. Science in Context 6 (1).score: 40.0
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  22. Slobodan Perovic (2011). Missing Experimental Challenges to the Standard Model of Particle Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 42 (1):32-42.score: 27.0
    The success of particle detection in high energy physics colliders critically depends on the criteria for selecting a small number of interactions from an overwhelming number that occur in the detector. It also depends on the selection of the exact data to be analyzed and the techniques of analysis. The introduction of automation into the detection process has traded the direct involvement of the physicist at each stage of selection and analysis for the efficient handling of vast amounts of (...)
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  23. Ioannis E. Antoniou (2002). Caratheodory and the Foundations of Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics. Foundations of Physics 32 (4):627-641.score: 27.0
    Constantin Caratheodory offered the first systematic and contradiction free formulation of thermodynamics on the basis of his mathematical work on Pfaff forms. Moreover, his work on measure theory provided the basis for later improved formulations of thermodynamics and physics of continua where extensive variables are measures and intensive variables are densities. Caratheodory was the first to see that measure theory and not topology is the natural tool to understand the difficulties (ergodicity, approach to equilibrium, irreversibility) in the Foundations of (...)
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  24. George F. R. Ellis (2006). Physics and the Real World. Foundations of Physics 36 (2):227-262.score: 27.0
    Physics and chemistry underlie the nature of all the world around us, including human brains. Consequently some suggest that in causal terms, physics is all there is. However, we live in an environment dominated by objects embodying the outcomes of intentional design (buildings, computers, teaspoons). The present day subject of physics has nothing to say about the intentionality resulting in existence of such objects, even though this intentionality is clearly causally effective. This paper examines the claim that (...)
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  25. Paul Benioff (2002). Towards a Coherent Theory of Physics and Mathematics. Foundations of Physics 32 (7):989-1029.score: 27.0
    As an approach to a Theory of Everything a framework for developing a coherent theory of mathematics and physics together is described. The main characteristic of such a theory is discussed: the theory must be valid and and sufficiently strong, and it must maximally describe its own validity and sufficient strength. The mathematical logical definition of validity is used, and sufficient strength is seen to be a necessary and useful concept. The requirement of maximal description of its own validity (...)
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  26. Olival Freire Jr (2004). The Historical Roots of ''Foundations of Quantum Physics'' as a Field of Research (1950–1970). Foundations of Physics 34 (11):1741-1760.score: 27.0
    The rising interest, in the late 20th century, in the foundations of quantum physics, a subject in which Franco Selleri has excelled, has suggested the fair question: how did it become so? The current answer says that experiments have allowed to bring into the laboratories some previous gedanken experiments, beginning with those about EPR and related to Bell’s inequalities. I want to explore an alternative view, by which there would have been, before Bell’s inequalities experimental tests, a change in (...)
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  27. Arkady Plotnitsky (2011). On the Reasonable and Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in Classical and Quantum Physics. Foundations of Physics 41 (3):466-491.score: 27.0
    The point of departure for this article is Werner Heisenberg’s remark, made in 1929: “It is not surprising that our language [or conceptuality] should be incapable of describing processes occurring within atoms, for … it was invented to describe the experiences of daily life, and these consist only of processes involving exceedingly large numbers of atoms. … Fortunately, mathematics is not subject to this limitation, and it has been possible to invent a mathematical scheme—the quantum theory [quantum mechanics]—which seems entirely (...)
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  28. Wolfgang Kundt (2007). Fundamental Physics. Foundations of Physics 37 (9):1317-1369.score: 27.0
    A survey is given of the elegant physics of N-particle systems, both classical and quantal, non-relativistic (NR) and relativistic, non-gravitational (SR) and gravitational (GR). Chapter 1 deals exclusively with NR systems; the correspondence between classical and quantal systems is highlighted and summarized in two tables of Sec. 1.3. Chapter 2 generalizes Chapter 1 to the relativistic regime, including Maxwell’s theory of electromagnetism. Chapter 3 follows Einstein in allowing gravity to curve the spacetime arena; its Sec. 3.2 is devoted to (...)
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  29. Paul Busch, Joachim Pfarr, Manfred L. Ristig & Ernst-Walther Stachow (2010). Quantum–Matter–Spacetime: Peter Mittelstaedt's Contributions to Physics and Its Foundations. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 40 (9-10):1163-1170.score: 27.0
    In a period of over 50 years, Peter Mittelstaedt has made substantial and lasting contributions to several fields in theoretical physics as well as the foundations and philosophy of physics. Here we present an overview of his achievements in physics and its foundations which may serve as a guide to the bibliography (printed in this Festschrift) of his publications. An appraisal of Peter Mittelstaedt’s work in the philosophy of physics is given in a separate contribution by (...)
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  30. Sevalnikov A. (2008). Physics and Metaphysics. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 43:193-198.score: 26.0
    Modern physics asks: how do the objects exist? This kind of question inevitably touches upon philosophy; to be precise, it involves metaphysics that traditionally deals with these problems. There are grounds to assume that a quantum object in a certain sense does not exist until it is registered. Thus, one of the conclusions says, “Photon is a photon if it is a registered photon”. This is a paraphrase of well-known Wheeler’s words about the essence of quantum phenomenon. These effects (...)
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  31. Masaki Hrada (2008). Revision of Phenomenology for Mathematical Physics. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 43:73-80.score: 26.0
    Fundamental notions Husserl introduced in Ideen I, such as epochè, reality, and empty X as substrate, might be useful for elucidating how mathematical physics concepts are produced. However, this is obscured in the context of Husserl’s phenomenology itself. For this possibility, the author modifies Husserl’s fundamental notions introduced for pure phenomenology, which found all sciences on the absolute Ego. Subsequently, the author displaces Husserl's phenomenological notions toward the notions operating inside scientific activities themselves and shows this using a case (...)
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  32. Alberto Cordero (2001). Physics and the Underdetermination Thesis. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2001:97-113.score: 26.0
    Although exceptionally successful in the laboratory, the standard version of quantum theory is marred as a realist-objectivist proposition because of its internal conceptual difficulties and its tension with important parts of physics—most conspicuously, relativity theory. So, to meet these challenges, in recent years at least three distinct major objectivist programs have been advanced to further quantum theory into a proper general account of material systems. Unfortunately, the resulting proposals turn out to be, for all practical purposes, empirically equivalent both (...)
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  33. Eva Neu, Michael Ch Michailov & Ursula Welscher (2008). Anthropology and Philosophy in Agenda 21 of UNO. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 37:195-202.score: 26.0
    Agenda 21 of United Nations demands better situation of ecology, economy, health, etc. in all countries. An evaluation of scientific contributions in international congresses of fundamental anthropological sciences (philosophy, psychology, psychosomatics, physiology, genito-urology, radio-oncology, etc.) demonstratesevidence of large discrepancies in the participation not only of developing and industrial countries, but also between the last ones themselves. Low degree of research and education leads to low degree of economy, health, ecology, etc. [Lit.: Neu, Michailov et al.: Physiology in Agenda 21. (...)
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  34. Paolo Budinich (2002). From the Geometry of Pure Spinors with Their Division Algebras to Fermion Physics. Foundations of Physics 32 (9):1347-1398.score: 25.0
    The Cartan equations defining simple spinors (renamed “pure” by C. Chevalley) are interpreted as equations of motion in compact momentum spaces, in a constructive approach in which at each step the dimensions of spinor space are doubled while those of momentum space increased by two. The construction is possible only in the frame of the geometry of simple or pure spinors, which imposes contraint equations on spinors with more than four components, and then momentum spaces result compact, isomorphic to invariant-mass-spheres (...)
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  35. Milan M. Ćirković (2005). Physics Versus Semantics: A Puzzling Case of the Missing Quantum Theory. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 35 (5):817-838.score: 25.0
    A case for the project of excising of confusion and obfuscation in the contemporary quantum theory initiated and promoted by David Deutsch has been made. It has been argued that at least some theoretical entities which are conventionally labelled as “interpretations” of quantum mechanics are in fact full-blooded physical theories in their own right, and as such are falsifiable, at least in principle. The most pertinent case is the one of the so-called “Many-Worlds Interpretation” (MWI) of Everett and others. This (...)
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  36. Agustín Vicente (2006). On the Causal Completeness of Physics. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (2):149 – 171.score: 24.0
    According to an increasing number of authors, the best, if not the only, argument in favour of physicalism is the so-called 'overdetermination argument'. This argument, if sound, establishes that all the entities that enter into causal interactions with the physical world are physical. One key premise in the overdetermination argument is the principle of the causal closure of the physical world, said to be supported by contemporary physics. In this paper, I examine various ways in which physics may (...)
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  37. Tim Maudlin (2007/2009). The Metaphysics Within Physics. Oxford University Press.score: 24.0
    A modest proposal concerning laws, counterfactuals, and explanations - - Why be Humean? -- Suggestions from physics for deep metaphysics -- On the passing of time -- Causation, counterfactuals, and the third factor -- The whole ball of wax -- Epilogue : a remark on the method of metaphysics.
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  38. Douglas Kutach (2013). Causation and Its Basis in Fundamental Physics. Oxford University Press.score: 24.0
    I provide a comprehensive metaphysics of causation based on the idea that fundamentally things are governed by the laws of physics, and that derivatively difference-making can be assessed in terms of what fundamental laws of physics imply for hypothesized events. Highlights include a general philosophical methodology, the fundamental/derivative distinction, and my mature account of causal asymmetry.
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  39. Markus Schrenk (2009). Can Physics Ever Be Complete If There is No Fundamental Level in Nature? Dialectica 63 (2):205-208.score: 24.0
    In their recent book Every Thing Must Go Ladyman and Ross (Ladyman et al. 2007) claim: (1) Physics is analytically complete since it is the only science that cannot be left incomplete (cf. Ladyman et al. 2007, 283). (2) There might not be an ontologically fundamental level (cf. Ladyman et al. 2007, 178). (3) We should not admit anything into our ontology unless it has explanatory and predictive utility (cf. Ladyman et al. 2007, 179). In this discussion note I (...)
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  40. Christian Thomas Kohl (2008). Buddhism and Quantum Physics. Indian International Journal of Buddhist Studies 9 (2008):45-62.score: 24.0
    Abstract. Rudyard Kipling, the famous english author of « The Jungle Book », born in India, wrote one day these words: « Oh, East is East and West is West, and never the twain shall meet ». In my paper I show that Kipling was not completely right. I try to show the common ground between buddhist philosophy and quantum physics. There is a surprising parallelism between the philosophical concept of reality articulated by Nagarjuna and the physical concept of (...)
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  41. Nancy Cartwright (1983). How the Laws of Physics Lie. Oxford University Press.score: 24.0
    In this sequence of philosophical essays about natural science, the author argues that fundamental explanatory laws, the deepest and most admired successes of modern physics, do not in fact describe regularities that exist in nature. Cartwright draws from many real-life examples to propound a novel distinction: that theoretical entities, and the complex and localized laws that describe them, can be interpreted realistically, but the simple unifying laws of basic theory cannot.
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  42. J. van Brakel (2010). Chemistry and Physics: No Need for Metaphysical Glue. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 12 (2):123-136.score: 24.0
    Using the notorious bridge law “water is H 2 O” and the relation between molecular structure and quantum mechanics as examples, I argue that it doesn’t make sense to aim for specific definition(s) of intertheoretical or interdiscourse relation(s) between chemistry and physics (reduction, supervenience, what have you). Proposed definitions of interdiscourse and part-whole relations are interesting only if they provide insight in the variegated interconnected patchwork of theories and beliefs. There is “automatically” some sort of interdiscourse relation if different (...)
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  43. Brigitte Falkenburg (2011). What Are the Phenomena of Physics? Synthese 182 (1):149-163.score: 24.0
    Depending on different positions in the debate on scientific realism, there are various accounts of the phenomena of physics. For scientific realists like Bogen and Woodward, phenomena are matters of fact in nature, i.e., the effects explained and predicted by physical theories. For empiricists like van Fraassen, the phenomena of physics are the appearances observed or perceived by sensory experience. Constructivists, however, regard the phenomena of physics as artificial structures generated by experimental and mathematical methods. My paper (...)
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  44. Amit Hagar (2014). Discrete or Continuous? The Quest for Fundamental Length in Modern Physics. Cambridge University Press.score: 24.0
    A book on the notion of fundamental length, covering issues in the philosophy of math, metaphysics, and the history and the philosophy of modern physics, from classical electrodynamics to current theories of quantum gravity. Published (2014) in Cambridge University Press.
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  45. Maurice R. Kibler (2007). From the Mendeleev Periodic Table to Particle Physics and Back to the Periodic Table. Foundations of Chemistry 9 (3):221-234.score: 24.0
    We briefly describe in this paper the passage from Mendeleev’s chemistry (1869) to atomic physics (in the 1900’s), nuclear physics (in 1932) and particle physics (from 1953 to 2006). We show how the consideration of symmetries, largely used in physics since the end of the 1920’s, gave rise to a new format of the periodic table in the 1970’s. More specifically, this paper is concerned with the application of the group SO(4,2)⊗SU(2) to the periodic table of (...)
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  46. Adonai S. Sant’Anna & Gabriel Guerrer (2007). Some Problems Concerning Language and Physics. Synthese 154 (3):467 - 484.score: 24.0
    We discuss three problems concerning the use of formal languages in theoretical physics: (i) the definability of time and spacetime in classical physical theories; (ii) how to cope with indistinguishable elementary particles in quantum mechanics without labeling them; and (iii) how to get a formal picture of quantum states jumping.
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  47. John Bowin (2010). Aristotle on the Unity of Change: Five Reductio Arguments in Physics Viii. Ancient Philosophy 30 (2):319-345.score: 24.0
    This paper examines five indirect proofs in Physics viii 8 and argues that four of them can be understood as attacks on the assumption, implicit in Zeno’s dichotomy paradox, that what we choose to call ‘one change’ is essentially arbitrary. In doing so, I will argue against the claim that one of these proofs is primarily intended to shore up Aristotle’s theory of change in the face of the dichotomy paradox by ‘refining’ the criteria for being ‘one change’, as (...)
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  48. Ave Mets (2013). Measurement Theory, Nomological Machine And Measurement Uncertainties (In Classical Physics). Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):167-186.score: 24.0
    Measurement is said to be the basis of exact sciences as the process of assigning numbers to matter (things or their attributes), thus making it possible to apply the mathematically formulated laws of nature to the empirical world. Mathematics and empiria are best accorded to each other in laboratory experiments which function as what Nancy Cartwright calls nomological machine: an arrangement generating (mathematical) regularities. On the basis of accounts of measurement errors and uncertainties, I will argue for two claims: 1) (...)
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  49. Bradley Monton (2010). Mctaggart and Modern Physics. Philosophia 38 (2):257-264.score: 24.0
    This paper delves into McTaggart’s metaphysical account of reality without time, and compares and contrasts McTaggart’s account with the account of reality given by modern physics. This comparison is of interest, because there are suggestions from contemporary physics that there is no time at the fundamental level. Physicists and philosophers of physics recognize that we do not have a good understanding of how the world could be such that time is unreal. I argue that, from the perspective (...)
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