Search results for 'Physics Methodology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. L. S. Mayants (1973). On Probability Theory and Probabilistic Physics—Axiomatics and Methodology. Foundations of Physics 3 (4):413-433.score: 132.0
    A new formulation involving fulfillment of all the Kolmogorov axioms is suggested for acomplete probability theory. This proves to be not a purely mathematical discipline. Probability theory deals with abstract objects—images of various classes of concrete objects—whereas experimental statistics deals with concrete objects alone. Both have to be taken into account. Quantum physics and classical statistical physics prove to be different aspects ofone probabilistic physics. The connection of quantum mechanics with classical statistical mechanics is examined and the (...)
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  2. Andrés Rivadulla (2009). Method. Anticipative Preduction, Sophisticated Abduction, and Theoretical Explanations in the Methodology of Physics. In González Recio & José Luis (eds.), Philosophical Essays on Physics and Biology. G. Olms.score: 126.0
     
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  3. Eva Cassirer (1958). Methodology and Quantum Physics. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 8 (32):334-341.score: 120.0
  4. Henry Margenau (1935). Methodology of Modern Physics. Philosophy of Science 2 (1):48-72.score: 120.0
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  5. L. E. Akeley (1930). Methodology in Physics and Psychology with Philosophic Implications. Journal of Philosophy 27 (4):85-96.score: 120.0
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  6. Andrés Rivadulla Rodríguez (2011). Can Science Decide the Result of the Debate Realism-Antirealism?: The Role of Models and Theories in the Methodology of Physics. Discusiones Filosóficas 12 (19):113 - 130.score: 120.0
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  7. L. E. Akeley (1930). Methodology in Physics and Psychology with Philosophic Implications (II):. Journal of Philosophy 27 (5):113-126.score: 120.0
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  8. V. L. Ginzburg (1981). Notes on the Methodology and Evolution of Physics and Astrophysics. Russian Studies in Philosophy 20 (1):40-82.score: 120.0
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  9. Eva Cassirer (1958). Review: Methodology and Quantum Physics. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 8 (32):334 - 341.score: 120.0
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  10. Uri Fidelman (2009). On the Methodology of Physics: Cognizing Physical Phenomena and the Genesis and Termination of Time. Journal of Mind and Behavior 30 (4):229-248.score: 120.0
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  11. K. Gavroglu (1989). The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes and Some Developments in High Energy Physics in Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 111:123-133.score: 120.0
     
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  12. Y. Goudaroulis (1989). Many-Particle Physics: Calculational Complications That Become a Blessing for Methodology in Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 111:135-145.score: 120.0
     
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  13. Meinard Kuhlmann & Wolfgang Pietsch (2012). What Is and Why Do We Need Philosophy of Physics? Journal for General Philosophy of Science 43 (2):209-214.score: 102.0
    Philosophy of physics is a small but thriving research field situated at the intersection between the natural sciences and the humanities. However, what exactly distinguishes philosophy of physics from physics is rarely made explicit in much depth. We provide a detailed analysis in the form of eleven theses, delineating both the nature of the questions asked in philosophy of physics and the methodology with which they are addressed.
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  14. James T. Cushing (1990/2005). Theory Construction and Selection in Modern Physics: The S Matrix. Cambridge University Press.score: 98.0
    One of the major philosophical problems in physical sciences is what criteria should determine how scientific theories are selected and justified in practice and whether, in describing observable physical phenomena, such theories are effectively constrained to be unique. This book studies the example of a particular theory, the S-matrix theory. The S-matrix program was initiated by Heisenberg to deal with difficulties encountered in quantum field theories in describing particular phenomena. Since then, each theory has at different times been favored as (...)
     
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  15. Jed Z. Buchwald (ed.) (1995). Scientific Practice: Theories and Stories of Doing Physics. The University of Chicago Press.score: 96.0
    Most recent work on the nature of experiment in physics has focused on "big science"--the large-scale research addressed in Andrew Pickering's Constructing Quarks and Peter Galison's How Experiments End. This book examines small-scale experiment in physics, in particular the relation between theory and practice. The contributors focus on interactions among the people, materials, and ideas involved in experiments--factors that have been relatively neglected in science studies. The first half of the book is primarily philosophical, with contributions from (...)
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  16. Karl Rogers (2005). On the Metaphysics of Experimental Physics. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 96.0
    This provocative and critical work addresses the question of why scientific realists and positivists consider experimental physics to be a natural and empirical science. Taking insights from contemporary science studies, continental philosophy, and the history of physics, this book describes and analyzes the metaphysical presuppositions that underwrite the technological use of experimental apparatus and instruments to explore, model, and understand nature.
     
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  17. Roberto Torretti (1990). Creative Understanding: Philosophical Reflections on Physics. University of Chicago Press.score: 90.0
    "A pleasure to read. Gracefully written by a scholar well grounded in the relevant philosophical, historical, and technical background. . . . a helpfully clarifying review and analysis of some issues of importance to recent philosophy of science and a source of some illuminating insights."--Burke Townsend, Philosophy of Science.
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  18. Simon Y. Berkovich (1986). Mutual Synchronization in a Network of Digital Clocks as the Key Cellular Automation Mechanism of Nature: Computational Model of Fundamental Physics. Synopsis.score: 90.0
     
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  19. V. L. Berman (1992). Principal Models and Hypotheses of Physics, 1931-1992. V. Berman.score: 90.0
     
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  20. James T. Cushing (1982). Models and Methodologies in Current Theoretical High-Energy Physics. Synthese 50 (1):5 - 101.score: 84.0
    A case study of the development of quantum field theory and of S-matrix theory, from their inceptions to the present, is presented. The descriptions of science given by Kuhn and by Lakatos are compared and contrasted as they apply to this case study. The episodes of the developments of these theories are then considered as candidates for competing research programs in Lakatos' methodology of scientific research programs. Lakatos' scheme provides a reasonable overall description and a plausible assessment of the (...)
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  21. Armand Lowinger (1941). The Methodology of Pierre Duhem. New York, Columbia University Press.score: 78.0
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  22. Samuel Avery (1995). The Dimensional Structure of Consciousness: A Physical Basis for Immaterialism. Compari.score: 72.0
    Written for both the layman and the professional, this may be the long-awaited revolution in physical science.
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  23. Roger G. Newton (1997). The Truth of Science: Physical Theories and Reality. Harvard University Press.score: 70.0
    Examines the aims and tools of science for creating theories and explanations of phenomena, with an eye to answering the question of whether or not science ...
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  24. M. Gitterman (1981). Qualitative Analysis of Physical Problems. Academic Press.score: 70.0
  25. Arthur Pap (1946/1968). The a Priori in Physical Theory. New York, Russell & Russell.score: 70.0
     
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  26. Douglas Kutach (2013). Causation and Its Basis in Fundamental Physics. Oxford University Press.score: 66.0
    I provide a comprehensive metaphysics of causation based on the idea that fundamentally things are governed by the laws of physics, and that derivatively difference-making can be assessed in terms of what fundamental laws of physics imply for hypothesized events. Highlights include a general philosophical methodology, the fundamental/derivative distinction, and my mature account of causal asymmetry.
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  27. Nancy Cartwright (1999). The Dappled World: A Study of the Boundaries of Science. Cambridge University Press.score: 66.0
    It is often supposed that the spectacular successes of our modern mathematical sciences support a lofty vision of a world completely ordered by one single elegant theory. In this book Nancy Cartwright argues to the contrary. When we draw our image of the world from the way modern science works - as empiricism teaches us we should - we end up with a world where some features are precisely ordered, others are given to rough regularity and still others behave in (...)
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  28. Richard Staley (2008). Einstein's Generation: The Origins of the Relativity Revolution. University of Chicago Press.score: 66.0
    Much of the history of physics at the beginning of the twentieth century has been written with a sharp focus on a few key figures and a handful of notable events. Einstein’s Generation offers a distinctive new approach to the origins of modern physics by exploring both the material culture that stimulated relativity and the reaction of Einstein’s colleagues to his pioneering work. Richard Staley weaves together the diverse strands of experimental and theoretical physics, commercial instrument making, (...)
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  29. A. Quale (2008). The Issue of Reductionism. A Radical Constructivist Approach to the Philosophy of Physics. Constructivist Foundations 4 (1):43-49.score: 66.0
    Purpose: To examine the role of reductionism in the theoretical development of modern physics -- more specifically, in the quest for a complete unification of physical theory -- from the perspective of radical constructivism (RC). Approach: Some central features of the impact of RC on philosophy of physics are pointed out: its position of scientific relativism, with important implications for the validation of scientific propositions; and the notion of sharing constructed knowledge among individual knowers and its consequences for (...)
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  30. Lawrence Sklar (ed.) (2000). The Philosophy of Science: A Collection of Essays. Garland.score: 60.0
    About the Series Contemporary philosophy of science combines a general study from a philosophical perspective of the methods of science, with an inquiry, again from the philosophical point of view, into foundational issues that arise in the various special sciences. Methodological philosophy of science has deep connections with issues at the center of pure philosophy. It makes use of important results, for example, in traditional epistemology, metaphysics and the philosophy of language. It also connects in various ways with other disciplines (...)
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  31. Spencer Scoular (2008). First Science: The Missing Science, the Theory of Everything, and the Arrow of Time. Universal Publishers.score: 60.0
    We explain what it is and why it is needed. We postulate the foundations of the field. In short, this book is a manifesto for First Science.
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  32. Arthur I. Miller (1996/2000). Insights of Genius: Imagery and Creativity in Science and Art. Mit Press.score: 60.0
  33. William Wilkinson (2003). Hintergrundsphysik. W. Wilkinson.score: 60.0
    [1] Théorie des versants -- 2. Bis in idem -- 3. Nihil interest -- 4. Simple.
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  34. Eric Schliesser (2005). Galilean Reflections on Milton Friedman’s "Methodology of Positive Economics," with Thoughts on Vernon Smith’s "Economics in the Laboratory". Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (1):50-74.score: 54.0
    In this article, the author offers a discussion of the evidential role of the Galilean constant in the history of physics. The author argues that measurable constants help theories constrain data. Theories are engines for research, and this helps explain why the Duhem-Quine thesis does not undermine scientific practice. The author connects his argument to discussion of two famous papers in the history of economic methodology, Milton Friedman's 'Methodology of Positive Economics', which appealed to example of Galilean (...)
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  35. Paul E. Meehl (1967). Theory-Testing in Psychology and Physics: A Methodological Paradox. Philosophy of Science 34 (2):103-115.score: 54.0
    Because physical theories typically predict numerical values, an improvement in experimental precision reduces the tolerance range and hence increases corroborability. In most psychological research, improved power of a statistical design leads to a prior probability approaching 1/2 of finding a significant difference in the theoretically predicted direction. Hence the corroboration yielded by "success" is very weak, and becomes weaker with increased precision. "Statistical significance" plays a logical role in psychology precisely the reverse of its role in physics. This problem (...)
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  36. William Goodwin (2009). How Does the Theologizing of Physics Contribute to Global Warming? Environmental Philosophy 6 (2):21-42.score: 54.0
    In this paper I examine the sorts of arguments that motivate skepticism about the predictive powers of global climate models. I contend that these arguments work by contrasting the development and testing of global climate models with an idealized image of science drawn largely from a theologized model of fundamental physics. A richer appreciation of the methodology of a full range of successful empirical predictions—particularly in practical fields that study complex systems––can dispel some of these skeptical worries about (...)
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  37. Dudley Shapere (1988). Modern Physics and the Philosophy of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:201 - 210.score: 54.0
    This paper examines some sources of the concepts of existence, explanation, and force (together with some related ideas) in ancient thought, and shows how those ideas have been altered in fundamental ways in modem physics. Some lessons for the philosophy of science, in particular implications for its methodology, are considered.
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  38. James T. Cushing (1990). Is Scientific Methodology Interestingly Atemporal? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (2):177-194.score: 54.0
    Any division between scientific practice and a metalevel of the methods and goals of science is largely a false dichotomy. Since a priori, foundationist or logicist approaches to normative principles have proven unequal to the task of representing actual scientific practice, methodologies of science must be abstracted from episodes in the history of science. Of course, it is possible that such characteristics could prove universal and constant across various eras. But, case studies show that they are not in anything beyond (...)
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  39. Ernest H. Hutten (1956). On Explanation in Psychology and in Physics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 7 (25):73-85.score: 54.0
    Certain features of psycho-Analytic explanations are contrasted with those found in physics. I conclude that some of the objections against them are based on a methodology that is taken from newtonian mechanics or, Rather, The misinterpretation of it current in the past century. (edited).
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  40. Endre E. Kadar & Judith A. Effken (2005). From Discrete Actors to Goal-Directed Actions: Toward a Process-Based Methodology for Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 18 (3):353 – 382.score: 54.0
    Studying social phenomena is often assumed to be inherently different from studying natural science phenomena. In psychology, this assumption has led to a division of the field into social and experimental domains. The same kind of division has carried over into ecological psychology, despite the fact that Gibson clearly intended his theory for both social and natural phenomena. In this paper, we argue that the social/natural science dichotomy can be derived from a distinction between hermeneutics and science that is deeply (...)
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  41. Lydia Patton (forthcoming). Methodology of the Sciences. In Michael Forster & Kristin Gjesdal (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century. Oxford University Press.score: 54.0
    In the growing Prussian university system of the early nineteenth century, "Wissenschaft" (science) was seen as an endeavor common to university faculties, characterized by a rigorous methodology. On this view, history and jurisprudence are sciences, as much as is physics. Nineteenth century trends challenged this view: the increasing influence of materialist and positivist philosophies, profound changes in the relationships between university faculties, and the defense of Kant's classification of the sciences by neo-Kantians. Wilhelm Dilthey's defense of the independence (...)
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  42. Ryszard Wójcicki (1998). Physics, Theoretical Knowledge and Weinberg's Grand Reductionism. Foundations of Science 3 (1):61-77.score: 54.0
    The two main points of this contribution are the following: (1) Applied mathematical theories might complement physical theories in an essential way; some applied mathematical theories allow us to understand phenomena we are unable to explain by resorting to physical theories alone, (2) In the case of social sciences it might be necessary to account for examined phenomena by resorting to the idea of goal-oriented activity (the causal approach typical for natural science might be unsatisfactory). Weinberg's idea of grand reductionism (...)
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  43. Paul Feyerabend (1981). Realism, Rationalism, and Scientific Method. Cambridge University Press.score: 54.0
    Over the past thirty years Paul Feyerabend has developed an extremely distinctive and influentical approach to problems in the philosophy of science. The most important and seminal of his published essays are collected here in two volumes, with new introductions to provide an overview and historical perspective on the discussions of each part. Volume 1 presents papers on the interpretation of scientific theories, together with papers applying the views developed to particular problems in philosophy and physics. The essays in (...)
     
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  44. Wesley C. Salmon (1998). Causality and Explanation. Oxford University Press.score: 48.0
    Wesley Salmon is renowned for his seminal contributions to the philosophy of science. He has powerfully and permanently shaped discussion of such issues as lawlike and probabilistic explanation and the interrelation of explanatory notions to causal notions. This unique volume brings together twenty-six of his essays on subjects related to causality and explanation, written over the period 1971-1995. Six of the essays have never been published before and many others have only appeared in obscure venues. The volume includes a section (...)
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  45. James Robert Brown (1991). The Laboratory of the Mind: Thought Experiments in the Natural Sciences. Routledge.score: 48.0
    The book concludes with chapters on the nature of Einstein's work and on the interpretation of quantum mechanics which stand as a test of the author's central ...
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  46. Paul Feyerabend (1966). Mind, Matter, and Method. Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.score: 48.0
    This volume of twenty-six essays by as many contributors is published in honor of Herbert Feigl, professor of philosophy at the University of Minnesota and ...
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  47. Luca Moretti (2014). String Theory and the Scientific Method: Interview with Richard Dawid. The Reasoner 8 (8):87-89.score: 48.0
  48. A. D' Abro (1950). The Evolution of Scientific Thought From Newton to Einstein. [New York]Dover Publications.score: 48.0
  49. A. D'Abro (1927). The Evolution of Scientific Thought From Newton to Einstein. New York, Boni & Liveright.score: 48.0
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