Search results for 'Physics Methodology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Meinard Kuhlmann & Wolfgang Pietsch (2012). What Is and Why Do We Need Philosophy of Physics? Journal for General Philosophy of Science 43 (2):209-214.score: 45.0
    Philosophy of physics is a small but thriving research field situated at the intersection between the natural sciences and the humanities. However, what exactly distinguishes philosophy of physics from physics is rarely made explicit in much depth. We provide a detailed analysis in the form of eleven theses, delineating both the nature of the questions asked in philosophy of physics and the methodology with which they are addressed.
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  2. James T. Cushing (1990/2005). Theory Construction and Selection in Modern Physics: The S Matrix. Cambridge University Press.score: 43.0
    One of the major philosophical problems in physical sciences is what criteria should determine how scientific theories are selected and justified in practice and whether, in describing observable physical phenomena, such theories are effectively constrained to be unique. This book studies the example of a particular theory, the S-matrix theory. The S-matrix program was initiated by Heisenberg to deal with difficulties encountered in quantum field theories in describing particular phenomena. Since then, each theory has at different times been favored as (...)
     
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  3. Jed Z. Buchwald (ed.) (1995). Scientific Practice: Theories and Stories of Doing Physics. The University of Chicago Press.score: 42.0
    Most recent work on the nature of experiment in physics has focused on "big science"--the large-scale research addressed in Andrew Pickering's Constructing Quarks and Peter Galison's How Experiments End. This book examines small-scale experiment in physics, in particular the relation between theory and practice. The contributors focus on interactions among the people, materials, and ideas involved in experiments--factors that have been relatively neglected in science studies. The first half of the book is primarily philosophical, with contributions from (...)
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  4. L. S. Mayants (1973). On Probability Theory and Probabilistic Physics—Axiomatics and Methodology. Foundations of Physics 3 (4):413-433.score: 42.0
    A new formulation involving fulfillment of all the Kolmogorov axioms is suggested for acomplete probability theory. This proves to be not a purely mathematical discipline. Probability theory deals with abstract objects—images of various classes of concrete objects—whereas experimental statistics deals with concrete objects alone. Both have to be taken into account. Quantum physics and classical statistical physics prove to be different aspects ofone probabilistic physics. The connection of quantum mechanics with classical statistical mechanics is examined and the (...)
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  5. Karl Rogers (2005). On the Metaphysics of Experimental Physics. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 42.0
    This provocative and critical work addresses the question of why scientific realists and positivists consider experimental physics to be a natural and empirical science. Taking insights from contemporary science studies, continental philosophy, and the history of physics, this book describes and analyzes the metaphysical presuppositions that underwrite the technological use of experimental apparatus and instruments to explore, model, and understand nature.
     
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  6. Roberto Torretti (1990). Creative Understanding: Philosophical Reflections on Physics. University of Chicago Press.score: 39.0
    "A pleasure to read. Gracefully written by a scholar well grounded in the relevant philosophical, historical, and technical background. . . . a helpfully clarifying review and analysis of some issues of importance to recent philosophy of science and a source of some illuminating insights."--Burke Townsend, Philosophy of Science.
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  7. Simon Y. Berkovich (1986). Mutual Synchronization in a Network of Digital Clocks as the Key Cellular Automation Mechanism of Nature: Computational Model of Fundamental Physics. Synopsis.score: 39.0
     
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  8. V. L. Berman (1992). Principal Models and Hypotheses of Physics, 1931-1992. V. Berman.score: 39.0
     
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  9. Andrés Rivadulla (2009). Method. Anticipative Preduction, Sophisticated Abduction, and Theoretical Explanations in the Methodology of Physics. In González Recio & José Luis (eds.), Philosophical Essays on Physics and Biology. G. Olms.score: 39.0
     
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  10. Eva Cassirer (1958). Methodology and Quantum Physics. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 8 (32):334-341.score: 36.0
  11. Henry Margenau (1935). Methodology of Modern Physics. Philosophy of Science 2 (1):48-72.score: 36.0
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  12. L. E. Akeley (1930). Methodology in Physics and Psychology with Philosophic Implications. Journal of Philosophy 27 (4):85-96.score: 36.0
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  13. L. E. Akeley (1930). Methodology in Physics and Psychology with Philosophic Implications (II):. Journal of Philosophy 27 (5):113-126.score: 36.0
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  14. Eva Cassirer (1958). Review: Methodology and Quantum Physics. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 8 (32):334 - 341.score: 36.0
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  15. Uri Fidelman (2009). On the Methodology of Physics: Cognizing Physical Phenomena and the Genesis and Termination of Time. Journal of Mind and Behavior 30 (4):229-248.score: 36.0
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  16. K. Gavroglu (1989). The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes and Some Developments in High Energy Physics in Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 111:123-133.score: 36.0
     
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  17. V. L. Ginzburg (1981). Notes on the Methodology and Evolution of Physics and Astrophysics. Russian Studies in Philosophy 20 (1):40-82.score: 36.0
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  18. Y. Goudaroulis (1989). Many-Particle Physics: Calculational Complications That Become a Blessing for Methodology in Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 111:135-145.score: 36.0
     
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  19. Andrés Rivadulla Rodríguez (2011). Can Science Decide the Result of the Debate Realism-Antirealism?: The Role of Models and Theories in the Methodology of Physics. Discusiones Filosóficas 12 (19):113 - 130.score: 36.0
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  20. Samuel Avery (1995). The Dimensional Structure of Consciousness: A Physical Basis for Immaterialism. Compari.score: 34.0
    Written for both the layman and the professional, this may be the long-awaited revolution in physical science.
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  21. Nancy Cartwright (1999). The Dappled World: A Study of the Boundaries of Science. Cambridge University Press.score: 33.0
    It is often supposed that the spectacular successes of our modern mathematical sciences support a lofty vision of a world completely ordered by one single elegant theory. In this book Nancy Cartwright argues to the contrary. When we draw our image of the world from the way modern science works - as empiricism teaches us we should - we end up with a world where some features are precisely ordered, others are given to rough regularity and still others behave in (...)
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  22. Roger G. Newton (1997). The Truth of Science: Physical Theories and Reality. Harvard University Press.score: 33.0
    Examines the aims and tools of science for creating theories and explanations of phenomena, with an eye to answering the question of whether or not science ...
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  23. Richard Staley (2008). Einstein's Generation: The Origins of the Relativity Revolution. University of Chicago Press.score: 33.0
    Much of the history of physics at the beginning of the twentieth century has been written with a sharp focus on a few key figures and a handful of notable events. Einstein’s Generation offers a distinctive new approach to the origins of modern physics by exploring both the material culture that stimulated relativity and the reaction of Einstein’s colleagues to his pioneering work. Richard Staley weaves together the diverse strands of experimental and theoretical physics, commercial instrument making, (...)
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  24. M. Gitterman (1981). Qualitative Analysis of Physical Problems. Academic Press.score: 33.0
  25. Armand Lowinger (1941). The Methodology of Pierre Duhem. New York, Columbia University Press.score: 33.0
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  26. Arthur Pap (1946/1968). The a Priori in Physical Theory. New York, Russell & Russell.score: 33.0
     
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  27. Lawrence Sklar (ed.) (2000). The Philosophy of Science: A Collection of Essays. Garland.score: 30.0
    About the Series Contemporary philosophy of science combines a general study from a philosophical perspective of the methods of science, with an inquiry, again from the philosophical point of view, into foundational issues that arise in the various special sciences. Methodological philosophy of science has deep connections with issues at the center of pure philosophy. It makes use of important results, for example, in traditional epistemology, metaphysics and the philosophy of language. It also connects in various ways with other disciplines (...)
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  28. James T. Cushing (1982). Models and Methodologies in Current Theoretical High-Energy Physics. Synthese 50 (1):5 - 101.score: 30.0
    A case study of the development of quantum field theory and of S-matrix theory, from their inceptions to the present, is presented. The descriptions of science given by Kuhn and by Lakatos are compared and contrasted as they apply to this case study. The episodes of the developments of these theories are then considered as candidates for competing research programs in Lakatos' methodology of scientific research programs. Lakatos' scheme provides a reasonable overall description and a plausible assessment of the (...)
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  29. Spencer Scoular (2008). First Science: The Missing Science, the Theory of Everything, and the Arrow of Time. Universal Publishers.score: 30.0
    We explain what it is and why it is needed. We postulate the foundations of the field. In short, this book is a manifesto for First Science.
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  30. Arthur I. Miller (1996/2000). Insights of Genius: Imagery and Creativity in Science and Art. Mit Press.score: 30.0
  31. William Wilkinson (2003). Hintergrundsphysik. W. Wilkinson.score: 30.0
    [1] Théorie des versants -- 2. Bis in idem -- 3. Nihil interest -- 4. Simple.
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  32. Douglas Kutach (2013). Causation and Its Basis in Fundamental Physics. Oxford University Press.score: 27.0
    I provide a comprehensive metaphysics of causation based on the idea that fundamentally things are governed by the laws of physics, and that derivatively difference-making can be assessed in terms of what fundamental laws of physics imply for hypothesized events. Highlights include a general philosophical methodology, the fundamental/derivative distinction, and my mature account of causal asymmetry.
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  33. A. Quale (2008). The Issue of Reductionism. A Radical Constructivist Approach to the Philosophy of Physics. Constructivist Foundations 4 (1):43-49.score: 27.0
    Purpose: To examine the role of reductionism in the theoretical development of modern physics -- more specifically, in the quest for a complete unification of physical theory -- from the perspective of radical constructivism (RC). Approach: Some central features of the impact of RC on philosophy of physics are pointed out: its position of scientific relativism, with important implications for the validation of scientific propositions; and the notion of sharing constructed knowledge among individual knowers and its consequences for (...)
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  34. Paul Feyerabend (1981). Realism, Rationalism, and Scientific Method. Cambridge University Press.score: 27.0
    Over the past thirty years Paul Feyerabend has developed an extremely distinctive and influentical approach to problems in the philosophy of science. The most important and seminal of his published essays are collected here in two volumes, with new introductions to provide an overview and historical perspective on the discussions of each part. Volume 1 presents papers on the interpretation of scientific theories, together with papers applying the views developed to particular problems in philosophy and physics. The essays in (...)
     
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  35. Fabián Mié (2013). Fenómenos y creencias en Aristóteles. Una interpretación sobre el rol metodológico de las éndoxa en la ciencia natural. Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica 46:211-234.score: 27.0
    In this paper I aim to offer a unified interpretation of Aristotle’s methodology understood as a procedure which is part of his hybrid empiricism in which the double face of phainomena – observed facts and common opinions – is an integral part. I argue against the coherentist lecture on the dialectic proof of consistence ( EN VII 1) and explain why is the double face of phaenomena of real use in natural science ( Ph . IV 4).
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  36. Wesley C. Salmon (1998). Causality and Explanation. Oxford University Press.score: 24.0
    Wesley Salmon is renowned for his seminal contributions to the philosophy of science. He has powerfully and permanently shaped discussion of such issues as lawlike and probabilistic explanation and the interrelation of explanatory notions to causal notions. This unique volume brings together twenty-six of his essays on subjects related to causality and explanation, written over the period 1971-1995. Six of the essays have never been published before and many others have only appeared in obscure venues. The volume includes a section (...)
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  37. James Robert Brown (1991). The Laboratory of the Mind: Thought Experiments in the Natural Sciences. Routledge.score: 24.0
    The book concludes with chapters on the nature of Einstein's work and on the interpretation of quantum mechanics which stand as a test of the author's central ...
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  38. Paul Feyerabend (1966). Mind, Matter, and Method. Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.score: 24.0
    This volume of twenty-six essays by as many contributors is published in honor of Herbert Feigl, professor of philosophy at the University of Minnesota and ...
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  39. A. D' Abro (1950). The Evolution of Scientific Thought From Newton to Einstein. [New York]Dover Publications.score: 24.0
  40. A. D'Abro (1927). The Evolution of Scientific Thought From Newton to Einstein. New York, Boni & Liveright.score: 24.0
  41. Willard C. Humphreys (1968). Anomalies and Scientific Theories. San Francisco, Freeman, Cooper.score: 24.0
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  42. Pierre Lecomte du Noüy (1948). The Road to Reason. New York, Longmans, Green.score: 24.0
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  43. Agustín Vicente (2006). On the Causal Completeness of Physics. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (2):149 – 171.score: 21.0
    According to an increasing number of authors, the best, if not the only, argument in favour of physicalism is the so-called 'overdetermination argument'. This argument, if sound, establishes that all the entities that enter into causal interactions with the physical world are physical. One key premise in the overdetermination argument is the principle of the causal closure of the physical world, said to be supported by contemporary physics. In this paper, I examine various ways in which physics may (...)
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  44. Slobodan Perovic (2011). Missing Experimental Challenges to the Standard Model of Particle Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 42 (1):32-42.score: 21.0
    The success of particle detection in high energy physics colliders critically depends on the criteria for selecting a small number of interactions from an overwhelming number that occur in the detector. It also depends on the selection of the exact data to be analyzed and the techniques of analysis. The introduction of automation into the detection process has traded the direct involvement of the physicist at each stage of selection and analysis for the efficient handling of vast amounts of (...)
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  45. Jessica M. Wilson (forthcoming). Three Dogmas of Metaphysical Methodology. In Matthew Haug (ed.), New Essays on Philosophical Methodology. Routledge.score: 21.0
    In what does philosophical progress consist? 'Vertical' progress corresponds to development within a specific paradigm/framework for theorizing (of the sort associated, revolutions aside, with science); 'horizontal' progress corresponds to the identification and cultivation of diverse paradigms (of the sort associated, conservativism aside, with art and pure mathematics). Philosophical progress seems to involve both horizontal and vertical dimensions, in a way that is somewhat puzzling: philosophers work in a number of competing frameworks (like artists or mathematicians), while typically maintaining that only (...)
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  46. Eric Schliesser (2005). Galilean Reflections on Milton Friedman’s "Methodology of Positive Economics," with Thoughts on Vernon Smith’s "Economics in the Laboratory". Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (1):50-74.score: 21.0
    In this article, the author offers a discussion of the evidential role of the Galilean constant in the history of physics. The author argues that measurable constants help theories constrain data. Theories are engines for research, and this helps explain why the Duhem-Quine thesis does not undermine scientific practice. The author connects his argument to discussion of two famous papers in the history of economic methodology, Milton Friedman's 'Methodology of Positive Economics', which appealed to example of Galilean (...)
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  47. Olival Freire Jr (2004). The Historical Roots of ''Foundations of Quantum Physics'' as a Field of Research (1950–1970). Foundations of Physics 34 (11):1741-1760.score: 21.0
    The rising interest, in the late 20th century, in the foundations of quantum physics, a subject in which Franco Selleri has excelled, has suggested the fair question: how did it become so? The current answer says that experiments have allowed to bring into the laboratories some previous gedanken experiments, beginning with those about EPR and related to Bell’s inequalities. I want to explore an alternative view, by which there would have been, before Bell’s inequalities experimental tests, a change in (...)
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  48. Ioannis E. Antoniou (2002). Caratheodory and the Foundations of Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics. Foundations of Physics 32 (4):627-641.score: 21.0
    Constantin Caratheodory offered the first systematic and contradiction free formulation of thermodynamics on the basis of his mathematical work on Pfaff forms. Moreover, his work on measure theory provided the basis for later improved formulations of thermodynamics and physics of continua where extensive variables are measures and intensive variables are densities. Caratheodory was the first to see that measure theory and not topology is the natural tool to understand the difficulties (ergodicity, approach to equilibrium, irreversibility) in the Foundations of (...)
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  49. William Goodwin (2009). How Does the Theologizing of Physics Contribute to Global Warming? Environmental Philosophy 6 (2):21-42.score: 21.0
    In this paper I examine the sorts of arguments that motivate skepticism about the predictive powers of global climate models. I contend that these arguments work by contrasting the development and testing of global climate models with an idealized image of science drawn largely from a theologized model of fundamental physics. A richer appreciation of the methodology of a full range of successful empirical predictions—particularly in practical fields that study complex systems––can dispel some of these skeptical worries about (...)
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  50. Wolfgang Kundt (2007). Fundamental Physics. Foundations of Physics 37 (9):1317-1369.score: 21.0
    A survey is given of the elegant physics of N-particle systems, both classical and quantal, non-relativistic (NR) and relativistic, non-gravitational (SR) and gravitational (GR). Chapter 1 deals exclusively with NR systems; the correspondence between classical and quantal systems is highlighted and summarized in two tables of Sec. 1.3. Chapter 2 generalizes Chapter 1 to the relativistic regime, including Maxwell’s theory of electromagnetism. Chapter 3 follows Einstein in allowing gravity to curve the spacetime arena; its Sec. 3.2 is devoted to (...)
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