Search results for 'Physics Methodology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. James T. Cushing (1982). Models and Methodologies in Current Theoretical High-Energy Physics. Synthese 50 (1):5 - 101.score: 48.0
    A case study of the development of quantum field theory and of S-matrix theory, from their inceptions to the present, is presented. The descriptions of science given by Kuhn and by Lakatos are compared and contrasted as they apply to this case study. The episodes of the developments of these theories are then considered as candidates for competing research programs in Lakatos' methodology of scientific research programs. Lakatos' scheme provides a reasonable overall description and a plausible assessment of the (...)
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  2. Kostas Gavroglu & Yorgos Goudaroulis (2006). Some Methodological and Historical Considerations in Low Temperature Physics: The Case of Superconductivity 1911–57. Annals of Science 41 (2):135-149.score: 48.0
    (1984). Some methodological and historical considerations in low temperature physics: The case of superconductivity 1911–57. Annals of Science: Vol. 41, No. 2, pp. 135-149.
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  3. L. S. Mayants (1973). On Probability Theory and Probabilistic Physics—Axiomatics and Methodology. Foundations of Physics 3 (4):413-433.score: 44.0
    A new formulation involving fulfillment of all the Kolmogorov axioms is suggested for acomplete probability theory. This proves to be not a purely mathematical discipline. Probability theory deals with abstract objects—images of various classes of concrete objects—whereas experimental statistics deals with concrete objects alone. Both have to be taken into account. Quantum physics and classical statistical physics prove to be different aspects ofone probabilistic physics. The connection of quantum mechanics with classical statistical mechanics is examined and the (...)
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  4. Paul E. Meehl (1967). Theory-Testing in Psychology and Physics: A Methodological Paradox. Philosophy of Science 34 (2):103-115.score: 42.0
    Because physical theories typically predict numerical values, an improvement in experimental precision reduces the tolerance range and hence increases corroborability. In most psychological research, improved power of a statistical design leads to a prior probability approaching 1/2 of finding a significant difference in the theoretically predicted direction. Hence the corroboration yielded by "success" is very weak, and becomes weaker with increased precision. "Statistical significance" plays a logical role in psychology precisely the reverse of its role in physics. This problem (...)
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  5. Andrés Rivadulla (2009). Method. Anticipative Preduction, Sophisticated Abduction, and Theoretical Explanations in the Methodology of Physics. In González Recio & José Luis (eds.), Philosophical Essays on Physics and Biology. G. Olms.score: 42.0
     
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  6. Eva Cassirer (1958). Methodology and Quantum Physics. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 8 (32):334-341.score: 40.0
  7. Henry Margenau (1935). Methodology of Modern Physics. Philosophy of Science 2 (1):48-72.score: 40.0
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  8. Jed Z. Buchwald (1993). Book Review:Methodological Aspects of the Development of Low Temperature Physics 1881-1956: Concepts Out of Context K. Gavroglu, Y. Goudaroulis. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 60 (4):673-.score: 40.0
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  9. L. E. Akeley (1930). Methodology in Physics and Psychology with Philosophic Implications. Journal of Philosophy 27 (4):85-96.score: 40.0
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  10. Andrés Rivadulla Rodríguez (2011). Can Science Decide the Result of the Debate Realism-Antirealism?: The Role of Models and Theories in the Methodology of Physics. Discusiones Filosóficas 12 (19):113 - 130.score: 40.0
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  11. L. E. Akeley (1930). Methodology in Physics and Psychology with Philosophic Implications (II):. Journal of Philosophy 27 (5):113-126.score: 40.0
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  12. V. L. Ginzburg (1981). Notes on the Methodology and Evolution of Physics and Astrophysics. Russian Studies in Philosophy 20 (1):40-82.score: 40.0
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  13. Eva Cassirer (1958). Review: Methodology and Quantum Physics. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 8 (32):334 - 341.score: 40.0
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  14. Uri Fidelman (2009). On the Methodology of Physics: Cognizing Physical Phenomena and the Genesis and Termination of Time. Journal of Mind and Behavior 30 (4):229-248.score: 40.0
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  15. K. Gavroglu (1989). The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes and Some Developments in High Energy Physics in Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 111:123-133.score: 40.0
     
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  16. Y. Goudaroulis (1989). Many-Particle Physics: Calculational Complications That Become a Blessing for Methodology in Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 111:135-145.score: 40.0
     
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  17. E. H. Hutten (1954). Methodological Aspects of Physics and Geometry. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 5 (19):256-261.score: 40.0
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  18. Christina Papadimitriou (2001). From Dis-Ability to Difference: Conceptual and Methodological Issues in the Study of Physical Disability. In. In Kay Toombs (ed.), Handbook of Phenomenology and Medicine. Kluwer. 475--492.score: 40.0
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  19. Herold S. Stern (1962). Implications of the Methodology of the Physical Sciences for the Social Sciences. Dialectica 16 (3):255-274.score: 40.0
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  20. James T. Cushing (1990/2005). Theory Construction and Selection in Modern Physics: The S Matrix. Cambridge University Press.score: 38.0
    One of the major philosophical problems in physical sciences is what criteria should determine how scientific theories are selected and justified in practice and whether, in describing observable physical phenomena, such theories are effectively constrained to be unique. This book studies the example of a particular theory, the S-matrix theory. The S-matrix program was initiated by Heisenberg to deal with difficulties encountered in quantum field theories in describing particular phenomena. Since then, each theory has at different times been favored as (...)
     
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  21. Meinard Kuhlmann & Wolfgang Pietsch (2012). What Is and Why Do We Need Philosophy of Physics? Journal for General Philosophy of Science 43 (2):209-214.score: 34.0
    Philosophy of physics is a small but thriving research field situated at the intersection between the natural sciences and the humanities. However, what exactly distinguishes philosophy of physics from physics is rarely made explicit in much depth. We provide a detailed analysis in the form of eleven theses, delineating both the nature of the questions asked in philosophy of physics and the methodology with which they are addressed.
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  22. Jed Z. Buchwald (ed.) (1995). Scientific Practice: Theories and Stories of Doing Physics. The University of Chicago Press.score: 32.0
    Most recent work on the nature of experiment in physics has focused on "big science"--the large-scale research addressed in Andrew Pickering's Constructing Quarks and Peter Galison's How Experiments End. This book examines small-scale experiment in physics, in particular the relation between theory and practice. The contributors focus on interactions among the people, materials, and ideas involved in experiments--factors that have been relatively neglected in science studies. The first half of the book is primarily philosophical, with contributions from (...)
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  23. Samuel Avery (1995). The Dimensional Structure of Consciousness: A Physical Basis for Immaterialism. Compari.score: 32.0
    Written for both the layman and the professional, this may be the long-awaited revolution in physical science.
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  24. Karl Rogers (2005). On the Metaphysics of Experimental Physics. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 32.0
    This provocative and critical work addresses the question of why scientific realists and positivists consider experimental physics to be a natural and empirical science. Taking insights from contemporary science studies, continental philosophy, and the history of physics, this book describes and analyzes the metaphysical presuppositions that underwrite the technological use of experimental apparatus and instruments to explore, model, and understand nature.
     
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  25. Roberto Torretti (1990). Creative Understanding: Philosophical Reflections on Physics. University of Chicago Press.score: 30.0
    "A pleasure to read. Gracefully written by a scholar well grounded in the relevant philosophical, historical, and technical background. . . . a helpfully clarifying review and analysis of some issues of importance to recent philosophy of science and a source of some illuminating insights."--Burke Townsend, Philosophy of Science.
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  26. Roger G. Newton (1997). The Truth of Science: Physical Theories and Reality. Harvard University Press.score: 30.0
    Examines the aims and tools of science for creating theories and explanations of phenomena, with an eye to answering the question of whether or not science ...
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  27. Simon Y. Berkovich (1986). Mutual Synchronization in a Network of Digital Clocks as the Key Cellular Automation Mechanism of Nature: Computational Model of Fundamental Physics. Synopsis.score: 30.0
     
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  28. V. L. Berman (1992). Principal Models and Hypotheses of Physics, 1931-1992. V. Berman.score: 30.0
     
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  29. M. Gitterman (1981). Qualitative Analysis of Physical Problems. Academic Press.score: 30.0
  30. Arthur Pap (1946/1968). The a Priori in Physical Theory. New York, Russell & Russell.score: 30.0
     
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  31. Robert Klee (2008). Physical Scale Effects and Philosophical Thought Experiments. Metaphilosophy 39 (1):89–104.score: 28.0
    The scales across which physical properties exist are vast and subtle in their effects on particular systems placed locally on such scales. For example, human experiential access is restricted only to partial segments of the mass density, size, and temperature scales of the universe. I argue that philosophers must learn to appreciate better the effects of physical scales. Specifically, thought experiments in philosophy should be more sensitive to physical scale effects, because the conclusion of a thought experiment may be undermined (...)
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  32. Colin Howson (ed.) (1976). Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences: The Critical Background to Modern Science, 1800-1905. Cambridge University Press.score: 26.0
    Lakatos, I. History of science and its rational reconstructions.--Clark, P. Atomism vs. thermodynamics.--Worrall, J. Thomas Young and the "rufutation" of Newtonian optics.--Musgrave, A. Why did oxygen supplant phlogiston?--Zahar, E. Why did Einstein's programme supersede Lorentz's?--Frické, M. The rejection of Avogadro's hypotheses.--Feyerabend, P. On the critique of scientific reason.
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  33. Martina K. Kanning, Ulrich W. Ebner-Priemer & Wolfgang Michael Schlicht (2013). How to Investigate Within-Subject Associations Between Physical Activity and Momentary Affective States in Everyday Life: A Position Statement Based on a Literature Overview. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 26.0
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  34. Christopher Clive Langton Gregory (1954). Physical and Physical Research. Reigate, Surrey, Omega Press.score: 26.0
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  35. Armand Lowinger (1941). The Methodology of Pierre Duhem. New York, Columbia University Press.score: 26.0
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  36. Lawrence Sklar (ed.) (2000). The Philosophy of Science: A Collection of Essays. Garland.score: 24.0
    About the Series Contemporary philosophy of science combines a general study from a philosophical perspective of the methods of science, with an inquiry, again from the philosophical point of view, into foundational issues that arise in the various special sciences. Methodological philosophy of science has deep connections with issues at the center of pure philosophy. It makes use of important results, for example, in traditional epistemology, metaphysics and the philosophy of language. It also connects in various ways with other disciplines (...)
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  37. Agustín Vicente (2006). On the Causal Completeness of Physics. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (2):149 – 171.score: 22.0
    According to an increasing number of authors, the best, if not the only, argument in favour of physicalism is the so-called 'overdetermination argument'. This argument, if sound, establishes that all the entities that enter into causal interactions with the physical world are physical. One key premise in the overdetermination argument is the principle of the causal closure of the physical world, said to be supported by contemporary physics. In this paper, I examine various ways in which physics may (...)
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  38. Douglas Kutach (2013). Causation and Its Basis in Fundamental Physics. Oxford University Press.score: 22.0
    I provide a comprehensive metaphysics of causation based on the idea that fundamentally things are governed by the laws of physics, and that derivatively difference-making can be assessed in terms of what fundamental laws of physics imply for hypothesized events. Highlights include a general philosophical methodology, the fundamental/derivative distinction, and my mature account of causal asymmetry.
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  39. Nancy Cartwright (1999). The Dappled World: A Study of the Boundaries of Science. Cambridge University Press.score: 22.0
    It is often supposed that the spectacular successes of our modern mathematical sciences support a lofty vision of a world completely ordered by one single elegant theory. In this book Nancy Cartwright argues to the contrary. When we draw our image of the world from the way modern science works - as empiricism teaches us we should - we end up with a world where some features are precisely ordered, others are given to rough regularity and still others behave in (...)
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  40. Richard Staley (2008). Einstein's Generation: The Origins of the Relativity Revolution. University of Chicago Press.score: 22.0
    Much of the history of physics at the beginning of the twentieth century has been written with a sharp focus on a few key figures and a handful of notable events. Einstein’s Generation offers a distinctive new approach to the origins of modern physics by exploring both the material culture that stimulated relativity and the reaction of Einstein’s colleagues to his pioneering work. Richard Staley weaves together the diverse strands of experimental and theoretical physics, commercial instrument making, (...)
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  41. Desh Raj Sirswal, The Problem of Mind, Cognitive Science and Integrated Research Methodology.score: 22.0
    There are numerous aspects of the nature of man, and each aspect gives rise to many problems. Some of these problems are comparatively simple, other deep and perplexing. Throughout time, people have made distinction between the material or physical world and mental or psychical world, the former may be perceived by any observer; the later remains a private experience. Philosophy of mind, today dealing with four issues: the nature of mind and body, mental content, mental causation and consciousness. The nature (...)
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  42. Kostas Gavroglu & Ana Simões (2012). From Physical Chemistry to Quantum Chemistry: How Chemists Dealt with Mathematics. Hyle 18 (1):45 - 69.score: 22.0
    Discussing the relationship of mathematics to chemistry is closely related to the emergence of physical chemistry and of quantum chemistry. We argue that, perhaps, the most significant issue that the 'mathematization of chemistry' has historically raised is not so much methodological, as it is philosophical: the discussion over the ontological status of theoretical entities which were introduced in the process. A systematic study of such an approach to the mathematization of chemistry may, perhaps, contribute to the realist/antirealist debate. To this (...)
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  43. A. Quale (2008). The Issue of Reductionism. A Radical Constructivist Approach to the Philosophy of Physics. Constructivist Foundations 4 (1):43-49.score: 22.0
    Purpose: To examine the role of reductionism in the theoretical development of modern physics -- more specifically, in the quest for a complete unification of physical theory -- from the perspective of radical constructivism (RC). Approach: Some central features of the impact of RC on philosophy of physics are pointed out: its position of scientific relativism, with important implications for the validation of scientific propositions; and the notion of sharing constructed knowledge among individual knowers and its consequences for (...)
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  44. Reed Richter (2002). What Science Can and Cannot Say: The Problems with Methodological Naturalism. Reports of the National Center for Science Education 22 (Jan-Apr 2002):18-22.score: 22.0
    This paper rejects a view of science called "methodological naturalism." -/- According to many defenders of mainstream science and Darwinian evolution, anti-evolution critics--creationists and intelligent design proponents--are conceptually and epistemologically confusing science and religion, a supernatural view of world. These defenders of evolution contend that doing science requires adhering to a methodology that is strictly and essentially naturalistic: science is essentially committed to "methodological naturalism" and assumes that all the phenomena it investigates are entirely natural and consistent with the (...)
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  45. Andrés Rivadulla (2011). Restrictions without refutations of physical theories. Some elements for the debate realism-instrumentalism. [Spanish]. Eidos 6:10-25.score: 22.0
    Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} The main aim of this paper is to argue on behalf of instrumentalism in the philosophy of physics. Following Theo Kuipers’ terminology of domain extension and domain restriction I claim, contradicting him, that the methodology (...)
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  46. Robert Hudson (2009). The Methodological Strategy of Robustness in the Context of Experimental WIMP Research. Foundations of Physics 39 (2):174-193.score: 20.0
    According to the methodological principle called ‘robustness’, empirical evidence is more reliable when it is generated using multiple, independent (experimental) routes that converge on the same result. As it happens, robustness as a methodological strategy is quite popular amongst philosophers. However, despite its popularity, my goal here is to criticize the value of this principle on historical grounds. My historical reasons take into consideration some recent history of astroparticle physics concerning the search for WIMPs (weakly interacting massive particles), one (...)
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  47. Stephan Hartmann & Jürgen Mittelstrass (2000). Physics is Part of Culture and the Basis of Technology. In DPG (ed.), Physics - Physics Research: Topics, Significance and Prospects. DPG.score: 20.0
    Fundamental aspects of modern life owe their existence to the achievements of scientific reason. In other words, science is an integral element of the modern world and simultaneously the epitome of the rational nature of a technical culture that makes up the essence of the modern world. Without science, the modern world would lose its very nature and modern society its future. Right from the start, physics forms the core of European scientific development. It is the original paradigm of (...)
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  48. Dean I. Radin & Roger D. Nelson (1989). Evidence for Consciousness-Related Anomalies in Random Physical Systems. Foundations of Physics 19 (12):1499-1514.score: 20.0
    Speculations about the role of consciousness in physical systems are frequently observed in the literature concerned with the interpretation of quantum mechanics. While only three experimental investigations can be found on this topic in physics journals, more than 800 relevant experiments have been reported in the literature of parapsychology. A well-defined body of empirical evidence from this domain was reviewed using meta-analytic techniques to assess methodological quality and overall effect size. Results showed effects conforming to chance expectation in control (...)
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  49. Spencer Scoular (2008). First Science: The Missing Science, the Theory of Everything, and the Arrow of Time. Universal Publishers.score: 20.0
    We explain what it is and why it is needed. We postulate the foundations of the field. In short, this book is a manifesto for First Science.
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  50. Arthur I. Miller (1996/2000). Insights of Genius: Imagery and Creativity in Science and Art. Mit Press.score: 20.0
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