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Profile: Pierre Poirier (Université du Québec à Montreal)
  1. Robert C. Cummins, James Blackmon, David Byrd, Pierre Poirier & Martin Roth, I. Background.
    The current debate over systematicity concerns the formal conditions a scheme of mental representation must satisfy in order to explain the systematicity of thought.1 The systematicity of thought is assumed to be a pervasive property of minds, and can be characterized (roughly) as follows: anyone who can think T can think systematic variants of T, where the systematic variants of T are found by permuting T’s constituents. So, for example, it is an alleged fact that anyone who can think the (...)
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  2. Pierre Poirier, References.
    Here is, therefore, my own suggestion about how you ought to choose the critical social theory you would want to disseminate among as many people as possible. I believe you should choose your social theory on the basis of reasoned solidarity . This is not quite the same thing as impartiality, although it keeps some aspects of it: reasoned solidarity is an attitude whereby you scan the currently existing social world for instances of abusive social power impeding certain individuals’ or (...)
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  3. Pierre Poirier, Be There, or Be Square! On the Importance of Being There.
    By using the name of one of his first papers (See Clark 1987) for his latest book, Andy Clark proves how consistent his view of the mind has been over his career. Indeed Being There becomes the latest in a ten year effort, laid out over a series of books, to flesh out one of the few comprehensive proposals in philosophy of mind since Fodor’s Representational Theory of Mind (RTM). Each book in the series accentuates one aspect of Clark’s view. (...)
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  4. Pierre Poirier, Du Stimulus à la Science, Neurocomputationnellement.
    À Harvard durant l’année académique 1940-41, les philosophes-mathématiciens Quine, Tarski et Carnap débattaient de la possibilité d’établir une distinction entre les énoncés analytiques et synthétiques qui soit suffisamment mordante pour dégager un statut spécial à l’épistémologie. Quine et Tarski s’objectaient à la distinction et l’objection de Quine verra notamment le jour sous le titre fameux « Les deux dogmes de l’empirisme ». Carnap, dans son autobiographie intellectuelle, se souvient avoir alors craint : « are we now back to John Stuart (...)
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  5. Pierre Poirier, Embodied Categorization.
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  6. Pierre Poirier, Structured Thoughts: The Spatial-Motor View.
    Is thinking necessarily linguistic? Do we think with words, to use Bermudez’s (2003) phrase? Or does thinking occur in some other, yet to be determined, representational format? Or again do we think in various formats, switching from one to the other as tasks demand? In virtue perhaps of the ambiguous na- ture of first-person introspective data on the matter, philosophers have tradition- ally disagreed on this question, some thinking that thought had to be pictorial, other insisting that it could not (...)
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  7. Jean-Frédéric de Pasquale & Pierre Poirier (2013). Paul Thagard, The Cognitive Science of Science, MIT Press, Cambridge (MA)/Londres, 2012, 365 p.Paul Thagard, The Cognitive Science of Science, MIT Press, Cambridge (MA)/Londres, 2012, 365 p. [REVIEW] Philosophiques 40 (1):238-243.
    Jean-Frédéric de Pasquale ,Pierre Poirier.
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  8. Jean-Frédéric de Pasquale & Pierre Poirier (2013). Paul Thagard, The Cognitive Science of Science, MIT Press, Cambridge (MA)/Londres, 2012, 365 P. Paul Thagard, The Cognitive Science of Science, MIT Press, Cambridge (MA)/Londres, 2012, 365 P. [REVIEW] Philosophiques 40 (1):238-243.
    Jean-Frédéric de Pasquale ,Pierre Poirier.
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  9. Pierre Poirier & Guillaume Beaulac (2011). Le véritable retour des définitions. Dialogue 50 (1):153-164.
    In our critical review of Doing without Concepts, we argue that although the heterogeneity hypothesis (according to which exemplars, prototypes and theories are natural kinds that should replace ‘concept’) may end fruitless debates in the psychology of concepts, Edouard Machery did not anticipate one consequence of his suggestion: Definitions now acquire a new status as another one of the bodies of information replacing ‘concept’. In order to support our hypothesis, we invoke dual-process models to suggest that prototypes, exemplars and theories (...)
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  10. Guillaume Beaulac & Pierre Poirier (2009). Va Savoir! De la Connaissance En Général -- Pascal Engel. [REVIEW] Dialogue 48 (01):217-221.
  11. Guillaume Beaulac & Pierre Poirier (2009). Va Savoir! De la Connaissance En Général, Pascal Engel Paris, Hermann, 2007, 256 P., 25€. Doi:10.1017/S001221730909012X. Dialogue 48 (1):217-221.
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  12. Nicolas Payette & Pierre Poirier (2009). Maxwell Bennett, Daniel Dennett, Peter Hacker, John Searle, Neuroscience and Philosophy, New York, Columbia University Press, 2007, 215p.Maxwell Bennett, Daniel Dennett, Peter Hacker, John Searle, Neuroscience and Philosophy, New York, Columbia University Press, 2007, 215p. [REVIEW] Philosophiques 36 (1):260-265.
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  13. Pierre Poirier & Luc Faucher (eds.) (2008). Des Neurones a La Philosophie: Neurophilosophie Et Philosophie Des Neurosciences. Éditions Syllepse.
  14. Pierre Poirier, Luc Faucher & Jean Lachapelle (2008). The Concept of Innateness and the Destiny of Evolutionary Psychology. Journal of Mind and Behavior 29 (1-2):17-47.
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  15. Pierre Poirier & Nicolas Payette (2007). Les gardiens du bon usage : Étude critique de « Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience », de P. M. R. Hacker et M. R. Bennett. [REVIEW] Philosophiques 34 (1):183-200.
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  16. Pierre Poirier & Martin Ratte (2007). Et Pourquoi PAS Une Explication Non Représentationnelle de l'Action Motrice?: Considérations Neurophénoménologiques. Dialogue 46 (2):353-360.
  17. Luc Faucher, Pierre Poirier & Jean Lachapelle (2006). La Théorie des Systèmes Développementaux Et la Construction Sociale des Maladies Mentales. Philosophiques 33 (1):147-182.
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  18. B. Hardy-Vallee & Pierre Poirier (2006). Embodied Thoughts. Concepts and Compositionality Without Language. Theoria Et Historia Scientarum 1:53-72.
    Is thinking necessarily linguistic? Do we _think with words_, to use Bermudez’s (2003) phrase? Or does thinking occur in some other, yet to be determined, representational format? Or again do we think in various formats, switching from one to the other as tasks demand? In virtue perhaps of the ambiguous nature of first-person introspective data on the matter, philosophers have traditionally disagreed on this question, some thinking that thought had to be pictorial, other insisting that it could not be but (...)
     
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  19. Pierre Poirier (2006). Finding a Place for Elimination in Inter-Level Reductionist Activities: Reply to Wimsatt. Synthese 151 (3):477 - 483.
    According to Wimsatt, a proper treatment of reduction must distinguish between two types of reductionist activities scientists engage in. One of the benefits of better understanding the nature of reduction, he believes, is that it shows that eliminativism, that is, the elimination of concepts and theories from science, is a rather circumscribed and limited affair, especially in the case of inter-level reductionist activities. While I agree with Wimsatt that it is important to distinguish the two types of reductionisms, I show (...)
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  20. Pierre Poirier & Guillaume Chicoisne (2006). A Framework for Thinking About Distributed Cognition. Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):215-234.
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  21. James Blackmon, David Byrd, Robert C. Cummins, Pierre Poirier & Martin Roth (2005). Atomistic Learning in Non-Modular Systems. Philosophical Psychology 18 (3):313-325.
    We argue that atomistic learning?learning that requires training only on a novel item to be learned?is problematic for networks in which every weight is available for change in every learning situation. This is potentially significant because atomistic learning appears to be commonplace in humans and most non-human animals. We briefly review various proposed fixes, concluding that the most promising strategy to date involves training on pseudo-patterns along with novel items, a form of learning that is not strictly atomistic, but which (...)
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  22. Benoit Hardy-Vallée & Pierre Poirier (2005). Structured Thoughts: The Spatial-Motor View. In E. Machery, M. Werning & G. Schurz (eds.), The Compositionality of Meaning and Content Volume Ii: Applications to Linguistics, Psychology and Neuroscience. Ontos Verlag.
    Is thinking necessarily linguistic? Do we _think with words_, to use Bermudez’s (2003) phrase? Or does thinking occur in some other, yet to be determined, representational format? Or again do we think in various formats, switching from one to the other as tasks demand? In virtue perhaps of the ambiguous na- ture of first-person introspective data on the matter, philosophers have tradition- ally disagreed on this question, some thinking that thought had to be pictorial, other insisting that it could not (...)
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  23. Jean LaChapelle, Luc Faucher & Pierre Poirier (2005). The Electric Meme: A New Theory of How We Think. Dialogue 44 (2):410-412.
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  24. Jean Lachapelle, Luc Faucher & Pierre Poirier (2005). The Electric Meme: A New Theory of How We Think Robert Aunger New York: Free Press, 2002, 392 Pp., $41.00. [REVIEW] Dialogue 44 (02):410-.
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  25. Pierre Poirier (2005). Atomistic Learning in Non-Modular Systems. Philosophical Psychology 18 (3):313-325.
    We argue that atomistic learning?learning that requires training only on a novel item to be learned?is problematic for networks in which every weight is available for change in every learning situation. This is potentially significant because atomistic learning appears to be commonplace in humans and most non-human animals. We briefly review various proposed fixes, concluding that the most promising strategy to date involves training on pseudo-patterns along with novel items, a form of learning that is not strictly atomistic, but which (...)
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  26. Pierre Poirier (2005). The Electric Meme. Dialogue 44 (2):410-412.
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  27. Pierre Poirier, Luc Faucher & Jean Lachapelle (2005). Un Défi Pour La Psychologie Évolutionniste. Philosophia Scientiae 2:1-35.
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  28. Pierre Poirier, Luc Faucher, Eric Racine & E. Ennan (eds.) (2005). Des Neurones A La Conscience: Neurophilosophie Et Philosophie Des Neurosciences. Bruxelles: De Boeck Universite.
  29. Robert C. Cummins & Pierre Poirier (2004). Representation and Indication. In Hugh Clapin (ed.), Representation in Mind. Elsevier. 21--40.
    This paper is about two kinds of mental content and how they are related. We are going to call them representation and indication. We will begin with a rough characterization of each. The differences, and why they matter, will, hopefully, become clearer as the paper proceeds.
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  30. Robert C. Cummins, Pierre Poirier & Martin Roth (2004). Epistemological Strata and the Rules of Right Reason. Synthese 141 (3):287 - 331.
    It has been commonplace in epistemology since its inception to idealize away from computational resource constraints, i.e., from the constraints of time and memory. One thought is that a kind of ideal rationality can be specified that ignores the constraints imposed by limited time and memory, and that actual cognitive performance can be seen as an interaction between the norms of ideal rationality and the practicalities of time and memory limitations. But a cornerstone of naturalistic epistemology is that normative assessment (...)
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  31. Pierre Poirier (2004). Epistemological Strata and the Rules of Right Reason. Synthese 141 (3):287 - 331.
    It has been commonplace in epistemology since its inception to idealize away from computational resource constraints, i.e., from the constraints of time and memory. One thought is that a kind of ideal rationality can be specified that ignores the constraints imposed by limited time and memory, and that actual cognitive performance can be seen as an interaction between the norms of ideal rationality and the practicalities of time and memory limitations. But a cornerstone of naturalistic epistemology is that normative assessment (...)
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  32. Denise D. Cummins, Robert C. Cummins & Pierre Poirier (2003). Cognitive Evolutionary Psychology Without Representational Nativism. Journal Of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 15 (2):143-159.
    A viable evolutionary cognitive psychology requires that specific cognitive capacities be (a) heritable and (b) ‘quasi-independent’ from other heritable traits. They must be heritable because there can be no selection for traits that are not. They must be quasi-independent from other heritable traits, since adaptive variations in a specific cognitive capacity could have no distinctive consequences for fitness if effecting those variations required widespread changes in other unrelated traits and capacities as well. These requirements would be satisfied by innate cognitive (...)
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  33. Denis Fisette & Pierre Poirier (2003). Réponse à Don Ross. Philosophiques 30 (1):256-262.
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  34. Jean Lachapelle, Luc Faucher & Pierre Poirier (2003). Susan Oyama, Paul E. Griffiths, and Russell D. Gray, Eds., Cycles of Contingency Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 23 (3):201-204.
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  35. Pierre Poirier (2002). On Clear and Confused Ideas. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 99 (2):102-108.
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  36. Pierre Poirier & Luc Faucher (2002). Peter K. Machamer, Rick Grush and Peter McLaughlin, Eds., Theory and Method in the Neurosciences Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 22 (6):422-424.
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  37. James Blackmon, David Byrd, Robert C. Cummins, Pierre Poirier, Martin Roth & George Schwarz (2001). Systematicity and the Cognition of Structured Domains. Journal of Philosophy 98 (4):1-19.
    The current debate over systematicity concerns the formal conditions a scheme of mental representation must satisfy in order to explain the systematicity of thought.1 The systematicity of thought is assumed to be a pervasive property of minds, and can be characterized (roughly) as follows: anyone who can think T can think systematic variants of T, where the systematic variants of T are found by permuting T’s constituents. So, for example, it is an alleged fact that anyone who can think the (...)
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  38. Robert Cummins, James Blackmon, David Byrd, Pierre Poirier, Martin Roth & Georg Schwarz (2001). Systematicity and the Cognition of Structured Domains. Journal of Philosophy 98 (4):167 - 185.
    The current debate over systematicity concerns the formal conditions a scheme of mental representation must satisfy in order to explain the systematicity of thought.1 The systematicity of thought is assumed to be a pervasive property of minds, and can be characterized (roughly) as follows: anyone who can think T can think systematic variants of T, where the systematic variants of T are found by permuting T’s constituents. So, for example, it is an alleged fact that anyone who can think the (...)
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  39. Luc Faucher & Pierre Poirier (2001). Psychologie Évolutionniste Et Théories Interdomaines. Dialogue 40 (03):453-.
    Evolutionary psychology presupposes relations between theories of different domains that the two traditional models, reduction and autonomy, cannot properly account for. We aim to construct a model of relations between theories that succeeds where traditional models fail. We show that the multiple realizability argument, on which the autonomist model is thought to rest, is compatible with reductionism and, following Kim, that an autonomist reading of the argument deprives psychology of its scientific status. We therefore opt for a reductionist model compatible (...)
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  40. Pierre Poirier (2000). L'empire contre-attaque : le retour de la réduction psychophysique. Philosophiques 27 (1):39-62.
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  41. Pierre Poirier (1999). Martin Montminy, Les Fondements Empiriques de la Signification Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 19 (2):130-132.
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  42. Pierre Poirier (1998). Pascal Engel, La Dispute: Une Introduction à la Philosophie Analytique Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 18 (5):324-326.
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  43. Pierre Poirier (1996). André De Tienne, L'analytique de La Représentation Chez Peirce Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 16 (4):251-253.
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  44. Pierre Poirier (1996). Judith Genova, Wittgenstein: A Way of Seeing Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 16 (4):257-259.
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