Search results for 'Plurality of worlds' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Phillip Bricker (2006). David Lewis: On the Plurality of Worlds. In John Shand (ed.), Central Works of Philosophy, Vol. 5: The Twentieth Century: Quine and After. Acumen Publishing.score: 183.0
    David Lewis's book 'On the Plurality of Worlds' mounts an extended defense of the thesis of modal realism, that the world we inhabit the entire cosmos of which we are a part is but one of a vast plurality of worlds, or cosmoi, all causally and spatiotemporally isolated from one another. The purpose of this article is to provide an accessible summary of the main positions and arguments in Lewis's book.
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  2. David K. Lewis (1986/2001). On the Plurality of Worlds. Blackwell Publishers.score: 180.0
    This book is a defense of modal realism; the thesis that our world is but one of a plurality of worlds, and that the individuals that inhabit our world are only ...
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  3. Chris Schabel (2009). Gerald Odonis on the Plurality of Worlds. In Lambertus Marie de Rijk, William Duba & Christopher David Schabel (eds.), Gerald Odonis, Doctor Moralis and Franciscan Minister General: Studies in Honour of L.M. De Rijk. Brill. 331-347.score: 153.0
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  4. John Hedley Brooke (1977). Natural Theology and the Plurality of Worlds: Observations on the Brewster-Whewell Debate. Annals of Science 34 (3):221-286.score: 123.0
    Summary The object of this study is to analyse certain aspects of the debate between David Brewster and William Whewell concerning the probability of extra-terrestrial life, in order to illustrate the nature, constitution and condition of natural theology in the decades immediately preceding the publication in 1859 of Charles Darwin's Origin of species. The argument is directed against a stylised picture of natural theology which has been drawn from a backward projection of the Darwinian antithesis between natural selection and certain (...)
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  5. Phillip Bricker (2006). Absolute Actuality and the Plurality of Worlds. Philosophical Perspectives 20 (1):41–76.score: 108.0
    According to David Lewis, a realist about possible worlds must hold that actuality is relative: the worlds are ontologically all on a par; the actual and the merely possible differ, not absolutely, but in how they relate to us. Call this 'Lewisian realism'. The alternative, 'Leibnizian realism', holds that actuality is an absolute property that marks a distinction in ontological status. Lewis presents two arguments against Leibnizian realism. First, he argues that the Leibnizian realist cannot account for the (...)
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  6. Charles S. Chihara (1998). The Worlds of Possibility: Modal Realism and the Semantics of Modal Logic. Oxford University Press.score: 108.0
    A powerful challenge to some highly influential theories, this book offers a thorough critical exposition of modal realism, the philosophical doctrine that many possible worlds exist of which our own universe is just one. Chihara challenges this claim and offers a new argument for modality without worlds.
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  7. Baden Powell (1855/1969). Essays on the Spirit of the Inductive Philosophy, the Unity of Worlds and the Philosophy of Creation. Farnborough, Gregg.score: 102.0
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  8. Lewis White Beck (1988). The Extraterrestrial Life Debate. 1750-1900. The Idea of a Plurality of Worlds From Kant to Lowell. Journal of the History of Philosophy 26 (2):324-326.score: 93.0
  9. Lewis White Beck (1984). Plurality of Worlds. The Origins of the Extra-Terrestrial Life Debate From Democritus to Kant. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 22 (3):365-366.score: 93.0
  10. David Weissman (1987). On the Plurality of Worlds. Review of Metaphysics 40 (3):585-588.score: 93.0
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  11. Angelo Caranfa (1986). Plurality of Worlds: The Origins of the Extraterrestrial Life Debate From Democritus to Kant. History of European Ideas 7 (3):303-304.score: 93.0
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  12. Robert Ginsberg (1987). Plurality of Worlds. Review of Metaphysics 41 (1):129-131.score: 93.0
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  13. Grant McColley (1936). The Seventeenth-Century Doctrine of a Plurality of Worlds. Annals of Science 1 (4):385-430.score: 93.0
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  14. Chris Schabel (2009). Odonis on the Plurality of Worlds. In Lambertus Marie de Rijk, William Duba & Christopher David Schabel (eds.), Gerald Odonis, Doctor Moralis, and Franciscan Minister General: Studies in Honour of L.M. De Rijk. Brill.score: 93.0
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  15. Laura J. Snyder (2007). 'Lord Only of the Ruffians and Fiends'? William Whewell and the Plurality of Worlds Debate. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (3):584-592.score: 93.0
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  16. James Robert Brown (1987). On the Plurality of Worlds David Lewis Oxford: Blackwell, 1986. Pp. 276. $58.00, $27.00 Paper. Dialogue 26 (02):399-.score: 90.0
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  17. Graeme Forbes (1988). Review: The Plurality of Worlds. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 38 (151):222 - 240.score: 90.0
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  18. Dana R. Miller (1997). Plutarch's Argument for a Plurality of Worlds in De Defectu Oraculorum 424c10–425e. Ancient Philosophy 17 (2):375-395.score: 90.0
  19. James Warren (2004). Ancient Atomists on the Plurality of Worlds. Classical Quarterly 54 (02):354-365.score: 90.0
  20. Michael Clark (1987). On the Plurality of Worlds. Philosophical Books 28 (2):93-96.score: 90.0
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  21. Philip P. Hanson (1986). David Lewis, On the Plurality of Worlds Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 6 (10):498-500.score: 90.0
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  22. Michał Heller (1987). Wśród Książek [Recenzja] A. Funkenstein, Theology and the Scientific Imagination From the Middle Ages to the Seventeenth Century, 1986. Science in the Middle Ages, Red.: D.C. Lindberg, 1978. S. J. Dick, Plurality of Worlds - The Origins of the Extrater. [REVIEW] Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 9.score: 90.0
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  23. Michael Clark (1987). Review of David Lewis, On the Plurality of Worlds. [REVIEW] Philosophical Books 28.score: 90.0
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  24. Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem (1985). Medieval Cosmology: Theories of Infinity, Place, Time, Void, and the Plurality of Worlds. University of Chicago Press.score: 90.0
  25. Edward Grant (1987). Pierre Duhem, Medieval Cosmology: Theories of Infinity, Place, Time, Void, and the Plurality of Worlds. Trans. Roger Ariew. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1985. Pp. Xxxi, 601. $35. Abridged Edition in Translation of Le Système du Monde: Histoire des Doctrines Cosmologiques de Platon à Copernic, 10 Vols., Published by Hermann, Paris, 1913–59. [REVIEW] Speculum 62 (4):927-929.score: 90.0
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  26. David Lewis (2004). Selection From On the Plurality of Worlds. In Tim Crane & Katalin Farkas (eds.), Metaphysics: A Guide and Anthology. Oup Oxford.score: 90.0
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  27. R. Nadeau (1993). Reflections on the Plurality of Worlds. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 47 (185):203-212.score: 90.0
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  28. E. Randi (1989). Augustinus-Triumphus and the Doctrine of a Plurality of Worlds-an Unpublished 14th-Century Document. Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 44 (2):311-326.score: 90.0
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  29. Allen Stairs (1988). Review: Review Essay: On the Plurality of Worlds. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (2):333 - 352.score: 90.0
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  30. James E. Tomberlin (1989). Critical Review of David Lewis, On the Plurality of Worlds. Noûs 23:117-225.score: 90.0
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  31. Juan Vazquez Sanchez (2000). Epistemic Truth in a Plurality of Worlds. Logica Trianguli 4:53-67.score: 90.0
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  32. Megan Wallace, Plurality of One World.score: 87.0
    David Lewis adopts a counterpart theory of individuals to account for how it is that Humphrey has the modal property of ‘could have won the election.’ Once counterpart theory is taken on board, however, I think that the motivation for having a plurality of worlds is untenable. I will claim that counterpart theory with respect to individuals invites counterpart theory with respect to properties1, which in turn invites an analysis of modality that involves only one possible world, viz., (...)
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  33. Thomas Mormann (2014). Set Theory, Topology, and the Possibility of Junky Worlds. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 55 (1): 79 - 90.score: 75.0
    A possible world is a junky world if and only if each thing in it is a proper part. The possibility of junky worlds contradicts the principle of general fusion. Bohn (2009) argues for the possibility of junky worlds, Watson (2010) suggests that Bohn‘s arguments are flawed. This paper shows that the arguments of both authors leave much to be desired. First, relying on the classical results of Cantor, Zermelo, Fraenkel, and von Neumann, this paper proves the possibility (...)
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  34. B. Jack Copeland (2002). The Genesis of Possible Worlds Semantics. Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (2):99-137.score: 75.0
    This article traces the development of possible worlds semantics through the work of: Wittgenstein, 1913-1921; Feys, 1924; McKinsey, 1945; Carnap, 1945-1947; McKinsey, Tarski and Jónsson, 1947-1952; von Wright, 1951; Becker, 1952; Prior, 1953-1954; Montague, 1955; Meredith and Prior, 1956; Geach, 1960; Smiley, 1955-1957; Kanger, 1957; Hintikka, 1957; Guillaume, 1958; Binkley, 1958; Bayart, 1958-1959; Drake, 1959-1961; Kripke, 1958-1965.
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  35. David A. Vander Laan (1997). The Ontology of Impossible Worlds. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 38 (4):597-620.score: 75.0
    The best arguments for possible worlds as states of affairs furnish us with equally good arguments for impossible worlds of the same sort. I argue for a theory of impossible worlds on which the impossible worlds correspond to maximal inconsistent classes of propositions. Three objections are rejected. In the final part of the paper, I present a menu of impossible worlds and explore some of their interesting formal properties.
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  36. Robert E. Goodin & Christian List (2006). A Conditional Defense of Plurality Rule: Generalizing May's Theorem in a Restricted Informational Environment. American Journal of Political Science 50 (4):940-949.score: 75.0
    May's theorem famously shows that, in social decisions between two options, simple majority rule uniquely satisfies four appealing conditions. Although this result is often cited in support of majority rule, it has never been extended beyond decisions based on pairwise comparisons of options. We generalize May's theorem to many-option decisions where voters each cast one vote. Surprisingly, plurality rule uniquely satisfies May's conditions. This suggests a conditional defense of plurality rule: If a society's balloting procedure collects only a (...)
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  37. Erwin Sonderegger, Bemerken, Welten, Globalisierung (2013).score: 72.0
    We all live in one and the same world – this is one of the strongest convictions not only in everyday life but also in science. Most philosophers also share this belief and give many reasons for it. It’s usefulness has been proved in politics and economics. Why? If the world is one, the law will be one, norms etc. will be one – with some cultural difference of course – and the conquerer is always right in bringing to the (...)
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  38. Takashi Yagisawa (2010). Worlds and Individuals, Possible and Otherwise. Oxford University Press.score: 72.0
    Modal realism -- Time, space, world -- Existence -- Actuality -- Modal realism and modal tense -- Transworld individuals and their identity -- Existensionalism -- Impossibility -- Proposition and relief -- Fictional worlds -- Epistemology.
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  39. Luciano Floridi (2010). Information, Possible Worlds and the Cooptation of Scepticism. Synthese 175 (1):63 - 88.score: 72.0
    The article investigates the sceptical challenge from an informationtheoretic perspective. Its main goal is to articulate and defend the view that either informational scepticism is radical, but then it is epistemologically innocuous because redundant; or it is moderate, but then epistemologically beneficial because useful. In order to pursue this cooptation strategy, the article is divided into seven sections. Section 1 sets up the problem. Section 2 introduces Borei numbers as a convenient way to refer uniformly to (the data that individuate) (...)
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  40. Mark Ian Thomas Robson, Possible Worlds and the Beauty of God. Religious Studies.score: 72.0
    In this paper I explore the relationship between the idea of possible worlds and the notion of the beauty of God. I argue that there is a clear contradiction between the idea that God is utterly and completely beautiful on the one hand and the notion that He contains within himself all possible worlds on the other. Since some of the possible worlds residing in the mind of the deity are ugly, their presence seems to compromise God's (...)
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  41. Brian Brewer, Anthony B. L. Cheung & Julia Tao (2005). Whose Reason? Which Rationality? Understanding the 'Real Worlds' of Hong Kong's Public Managers. Philosophy of Management 5 (1):3-14.score: 68.0
    Based on empirical data from a qualitative study, this paper explores the complexity of ‘real world’ management in Hong Kong’s public sector, as contrasted with various paradigmatic claims under ‘new public management’ (NPM). A plurality of sub-worlds within the broad public sector is identified, which makes the management roles and responsibilities much less ‘homogenised’ than depicted in NPM exhortations. The instrumental rationality underpinning NPM is identified as too restrictive in understanding the way in which public managers reach decisions. (...)
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  42. Anton Markoš & Jana Švorcová (2009). Recorded Versus Organic Memory: Interaction of Two Worlds as Demonstrated by the Chromatin Dynamics. Biosemiotics 2 (2):131-149.score: 66.0
    The “histone code” conjecture of gene regulation is our point of departure for analyzing the interplay between the (quasi)digital script in nucleic acids and proteins on the one hand and the body on the other, between the recorded and organic memory. We argue that the cell’s ability to encode its states into strings of “characters” dramatically enhances the capacity of encoding its experience (organic memory). Finally, we present our concept of interaction between the natural (bodily) world, and the transcendental realm (...)
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  43. John O'Callaghan (2008). The Plurality of Forms. Review of Metaphysics 62 (1):3-43.score: 64.0
    This paper responds to an argument of Hilary Putnam to the effect that the plurality of modern sciences shows us that any natural kind has a plurality of essences. In the past, he has argued that no system of representations, mental or linguistic, could have an intrinsic relationship to the world. Though he has granted that the Thomistic notion of form and its application to the identity of concepts may avoid these earlier objections, he has maintained that the (...)
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  44. Markku Roinila (2013). Kant and Leibniz on the Singularity of the Best of All Possible Worlds. In Stefano Bacin, Alfredo Ferrarin, Laudio La Rocca & Margit Ruffin (eds.), Kant und die Philosophie in weltbürgerlicher Absicht. Akten des XI. Kant-Kongresses 2010. De Gruyter.score: 63.0
    In his early lecture note Versuch einiger Betrachtungen über den Optimismus (1759) a young supporter of metaphysical optimism called Immanuel Kant tested the Leibnizian optimism by posing some counter-arguments against it only to falsify them. His counter-arguments were very inventive and they feature often in modern scholarship on Leibniz. In this paper I will present Kant’s main arguments and evaluate them. I will argue that Kant’s understanding on Leibnizian optimism is little misguided and for this reason his own positive counter-argument (...)
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  45. Jeffrey Barrett (2011). Everett's Pure Wave Mechanics and the Notion of Worlds. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (2):277-302.score: 63.0
    Everett (1957a, b, 1973) relative-state formulation of quantum mechanics has often been taken to involve a metaphysical commitment to the existence of many splitting worlds each containing physical copies of observers and the objects they observe. While there was earlier talk of splitting worlds in connection with Everett, this is largely due to DeWitt’s (Phys Today 23:30–35, 1970) popular presentation of the theory. While the thought of splitting worlds or parallel universes has captured the popular imagination, Everett (...)
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  46. Wojciech Krysztofiak (2007). The Phenonenological Idealism Controversy in Light of Possible Worlds Semantics. Axiomathes 17 (1):75-97.score: 63.0
    In the paper there is presented the semantic interpretation of idealism/ realism controversy which is one of the most essential issues in Ingarden’s phenomenological project of ontology. The procedure of semantic paraphrase which is contemporary developed by Wolen´ ski, is the main interpretative tool. In the central part of the paper, there is formulated the formal theory of the semantic framework underlying idealism/realism discourse. Finally, there are formulated some notes showing that intentional conception of negation may be used for defending (...)
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  47. George Hunt Williamson (1953/1965). Other Tongues--Other Flesh. London, Spearman.score: 61.0
    ABOUT THE AUTHOR George Hunt Williamson served with the Army Air Corps during World War II as Radio Director for the Army Air Forces Technical Training ...
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  48. Michael McDermott (2003). Closeness of Worlds. Acta Analytica 18 (1-2):227-230.score: 60.0
    An objection is presented to Lewis’s analysis of counterfactual conditionals in terms of relative closeness of possible worlds. The objection depends on no special assumptions about the ‘closer-than’ relation. The argument also casts doubt on Lewis’s claim that Antecedent Strengthening fails for counterfactuals.
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