Search results for 'Policy sciences Methodology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Göktuğ Morçöl (2002). A New Mind for Policy Analysis: Toward a Post-Newtonian and Postpositivist Epistemology and Methodology. Praeger.score: 96.0
  2. Mark J. Smith (ed.) (2005). Philosophy & Methodology of the Social Sciences. Sage.score: 76.0
    This is a comprehensive and authoritative reference collection in the philosophy and methodology of the social sciences. The source materials selected are drawn from debates within the natural sciences as well as social scientific practice. This four volume set covers the traditional literature on the philosophy of the social sciences, and the contemporary philosophical and methodological debates developing at the heart of the disciplinary and interdisciplinary groups in the social sciences. It addresses the needs of (...)
     
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  3. Donald Thomas Campbell (1988). Methodology and Epistemology for Social Science: Selected Papers. University of Chicago Press.score: 73.0
    Since the 1950s, Donald T. Campbell has been one of the most influential contributors to the methodology of the social sciences. A distinguished psychologist, he has published scores of widely cited journal articles, and two awards, in social psychology and in public policy, have been named in his honor. This book is the first to collect his most significant papers, and it demonstrates the breadth and originality of his work.
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  4. Scott Scheall, Lesser Degrees of Explanation: Some Implications of F.A. Hayek’s Methodology of Sciences of Complex Phenomena.score: 69.0
    From the early-1950s on, F.A. Hayek was concerned with the development of a methodology of sciences that study systems of complex phenomena. Hayek argued that the knowledge that can be acquired about such systems is, in virtue of their complexity (and the comparatively narrow boundaries of human cognitive faculties), relatively limited. The paper aims to elucidate the implications of Hayek’s methodology with respect to the specific dimensions along which the scientist’s knowledge of some complex phenomena may be (...)
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  5. S. I. Benn & G. W. Mortimore (eds.) (1976). Rationality and the Social Sciences: Contributions to the Philosophy and Methodology of the Social Sciences. Routledge and Kegan Paul.score: 64.0
  6. Barry Hindess (1977). Philosophy and Methodology in the Social Sciences. Harvester Press.score: 64.0
  7. Thomas Eberle (2010). The Phenomenological Life-World Analysis and the Methodology of the Social Sciences. Human Studies 33 (2):123-139.score: 60.0
    This Alfred Schutz Memorial Lecture discusses the relationship between the phenomenological life-world analysis and the methodology of the social sciences, which was the central motive of Schutz’s work. I have set two major goals in this lecture. The first is to scrutinize the postulate of adequacy, as this postulate is the most crucial of Schutz’s methodological postulates. Max Weber devised the postulate ‘adequacy of meaning’ in analogy to the postulate of ‘causal adequacy’ (a concept used in jurisprudence) and (...)
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  8. Ben Hale (2011). The Methods of Applied Philosophy and the Tools of the Policy Sciences. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (2):215-232.score: 56.0
    In this paper I argue that applied philosophers hoping to develop a stronger role in public policy formation can begin by aligning their methods with the tools employed in the policy sciences. I proceed first by characterizing the standard view of policymaking and policy education as instrumentally oriented toward the employment of specific policy tools. I then investigate pressures internal to philosophy that nudge work in applied philosophy toward the periphery of policy debates. I (...)
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  9. Ru Michael Sabre (1991). An Alternative Logical Framework for Dialectical Reasoning in the Social and Policy Sciences. Theory and Decision 30 (3):187-211.score: 55.3
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  10. Justin Cruickshank (ed.) (2003). Critical Realism: The Difference in Makes. Routledge.score: 55.0
    This book introduces social scientists to the difference that critical realism can make to theorizing and methodological problems within the contemporary social sciences. The chapters, which cover such topics as cultural studies, feminism, globalization, heterodox economics, education policy, the self, and the "underclass" debate, are arranged in four sections dealing with some of the major topics in contemporary social science: ethics, the consequences of the "linguistic turn", methodology and globalization.
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  11. Lydia Patton (forthcoming). Methodology of the Sciences. In Michael Forster & Kristin Gjesdal (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century. Oxford University Press.score: 54.0
    In the growing Prussian university system of the early nineteenth century, "Wissenschaft" (science) was seen as an endeavor common to university faculties, characterized by a rigorous methodology. On this view, history and jurisprudence are sciences, as much as is physics. Nineteenth century trends challenged this view: the increasing influence of materialist and positivist philosophies, profound changes in the relationships between university faculties, and the defense of Kant's classification of the sciences by neo-Kantians. Wilhelm Dilthey's defense of the (...)
     
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  12. Wesley Shrum & John J. Beggs (1997). Methodology for Studying Research Networks in the Developing World: Generating Information for Science and Technology Policy. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 9 (4):62-85.score: 54.0
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  13. Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2004). Methodology in Practice: Is There a New Normativity in Philosophy of Science? Using Metascience to Improve Dose-Response Curves in Biology: Better Policy Through Better Science. Philosophy of Science 71 (5):1026-1037.score: 52.0
     
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  14. Sandra G. Harding & Merrill B. Hintikka (eds.) (2003). Discovering Reality: Feminist Perspectives on Epistemology, Metaphysics, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 51.0
    This collection of essays, first published two decades ago, presents central feminist critiques and analyses of natural and social sciences and their philosophies. Unfortunately, in spite of the brilliant body of research and scholarship in these fields in subsequent decades, the insights of these essays remain as timely now as they were then: philosophy and the sciences still presume kinds of social innocence to which they are not entitled. The essays focus on Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Hobbes, Rousseau, and (...)
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  15. Eric Schliesser (2012). Four Species of Reflexivity and History of Economics in Economic Policy Science. Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):425-445.score: 50.7
    Abstract This paper argues that history of economics has a fruitful, underappreciated role to play in the development of economics, especially when understood as a policy science. This goes against the grain of the last half century during which economics, which has undergone a formal revolution, has distanced itself from its `literary' past and practices precisely with the aim to be a more successful policy science. The paper motivates the thesis by identifying and distinguishing four kinds of reflexivity (...)
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  16. Andy Denis, Methodology and Policy Prescription in Economic Thought: A Response to Mario Bunge.score: 50.0
    Bunge (2000) distinguishes two main methodological approaches of holism and individualism, and associates with them policy prescriptions of centralism and laissez-faire. He identifies systemism as a superior approach to both the study and management of society. The present paper, seeking to correct and develop this line of thought, suggests a more complex relation between policy and methodology. There are two possible methodological underpinnings for laissez-faire: while writers such as Friedman and Lucas fit Bunge’s pattern, more sophisticated advocates (...)
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  17. Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson (2013). The Natural Vs. The Human Sciences:: Myth, Methodology and Ontology. Discusiones Filosóficas 14 (22):25-41.score: 50.0
    I argue that the human sciences (i.e. humanities, social- and behavioural sciences) should not try to imitate the methodology of the natural sciences. The human sciences study meaningful phenomena whose nature is decisively different from the merely physical phenomena studied by the natural sciences, and whose study therefore require different methods; meaningful phenomena do not obviously obey natural laws while the merely physical necessarily does. This is not to say that the human sciences (...)
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  18. Leon Chwistek (1948). The Limits of Science: Outline of Logic and of the Methodology of the Exact Sciences. Harcourt, Brace.score: 49.3
    AUTHOR'S PREFACE TO ENGLISH EDITION The English edition of Granice Nauki is essentially different from the original text. Chapter VII is completely changed. ...
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  19. Joachim Stolz (1996). Bericht: 10th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science (August 19–25, 1995; Florence, Italy). [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 27 (1):167-170.score: 49.0
    The International Union of History and Philosophy of Science organizing the 10th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science is at its cross-road: the alternative is mass-performance or creative exchange of ideas. The program is criticized because the thematic center in History and Philosophy of Science has been shifted too far into the realm of micro-fields of Logic and the time reduction for presentation and discussion of papers to 20 minutes should be reconsidered. Several outstanding papers are (...)
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  20. Alfred Morton Bork (1959). Methodology of the Empirical Sciences. Philosophy of Science 26 (1):31-34.score: 49.0
    The methodology of the empirical sciences is treated from a set-theoretical point of view. Starting from Tarski's formulation of the methodology of the deductive sciences, a relation between terms, called degree of centrality, is introduced. Epistemic correlation, and therefore the notion of interpretative system, is defined using this relation.
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  21. Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson, The Natural Vs Human Sciences: Myth, Methodology, and Ontology.score: 48.0
    I argue that the human sciences (i.e. humanities, social- and behavioural sciences) should not try to imitate the methodology of the natural sciences. The human sciences study meaningful phenomena whose nature is decisively different from the merely physical phenomena studied by the natural sciences, and whose study therefore require different methods; meaningful phenomena do not obviously obey natural laws while the merely physical necessarily does. This is not to say that the human sciences (...)
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  22. Jane Azevedo (1997). Mapping Reality: An Evolutionary Realist Methodology for the Natural and Social Sciences. State University of New York Press.score: 48.0
    Using the insights of evolutionary epistemology, the author develops a new naturalist realist methodology of science, and applies it to the conceptual, practical, and ethical problems of the social sciences.
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  23. S. Arpaia (2006). On Magari's Concept of General Calculus: Notes on the History of Tarski's Methodology of Deductive Sciences. History and Philosophy of Logic 27 (1):9-41.score: 48.0
    This paper is an historical study of Tarski's methodology of deductive sciences (in which a logic S is identified with an operator Cn S , called the consequence operator, on a given set of expressions), from its appearance in 1930 to the end of the 1970s, focusing on the work done in the field by Roberto Magari, Piero Mangani and by some of their pupils between 1965 and 1974, and comparing it with the results achieved by Tarski and (...)
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  24. Mark Solovey & Jefferson D. Pooley (2011). The Price of Success: Sociologist Harry Alpert, the NSF's First Social Science Policy Architect. Annals of Science 68 (2):229-260.score: 46.7
    Summary Harry Alpert (1912?1977), the US sociologist, is best-known for his directorship of the National Science Foundation's social science programme in the 1950s. This study extends our understanding of Alpert in two main ways: first, by examining the earlier development of his views and career. Beginning with his 1939 biography of Emile Durkheim, we explore the early development of Alpert's views about foundational questions concerning the scientific status of sociology and social science more generally, proper social science methodology, the (...)
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  25. H. T. Wilson (1986). Book Reviews : Science and Ideology in the Policy Sciences. By Paul Diesing. New York: Aldine Publishing, 1982. Pp. 460. $34.95 (Cloth), $18.95 (Paper. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 16 (3):397-399.score: 45.0
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  26. Ramkrishna Mukherjee & Partha N. Mukherji (eds.) (2000). Methodology in Social Research: Dilemmas and Perspectives: Essays in Honor of Ramkrishna Mukherjee. Sage Publications, Inc..score: 43.0
    This volume constitutes a lucid introduction to methodology in social research. It will enable social science researchers trained in a particular field to look beyond and relate to other methodological domains.
     
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  27. Hugo Fjelsted Alrøe & Erik Steen Kristensen (2002). Towards a Systemic Research Methodology in Agriculture: Rethinking the Role of Values in Science. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 19 (1):3-23.score: 42.0
    The recent drastic developmentof agriculture, together with the growingsocietal interest in agricultural practices andtheir consequences, pose a challenge toagricultural science. There is a need forrethinking the general methodology ofagricultural research. This paper takes somesteps towards developing a systemic researchmethodology that can meet this challenge – ageneral self-reflexive methodology that forms abasis for doing holistic or (with a betterterm) wholeness-oriented research and providesappropriate criteria of scientific quality.From a philosophy of research perspective,science is seen as an interactive learningprocess with both (...)
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  28. Paul Lewis (2010). Certainly Not! A Critical Realist Recasting of Ludwig von Mises's Methodology of the Social Sciences. Journal of Economic Methodology 17 (3):277-299.score: 42.0
    This paper focuses on Ludwig von Mises methodological apriorism. It uses Wittgenstein's private language argument as the basis for a critique of Mises's claim to have found apodictically certain foundations for economic analysis. It is argued instead that Mises's methodology is more fruitfully viewed as an exercise in social ontology, the objective of which is to outline key features of the socio-economic world that social scientific research ought to take into account if it is to be fruitful. The implications (...)
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  29. William N. Dunn (1989). Two Faces of Validity in the Policy Sciences. Knowledge in Society 2 (1):3-5.score: 42.0
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  30. William N. Dunn (1988). The Policy Sciences in Public Discourse. Knowledge in Society 1 (3):3-5.score: 42.0
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  31. Merel Lefevere & Eric Schliesser (forthcoming). Private Epistemic Virtue, Public Vices: Moral Responsibility in the Policy Sciences. Economics and Philosophy.score: 42.0
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  32. Ian I. Mitroff & Richard O. Mason (1982). On the Structure of Dialectical Reasoning in the Social and Policy Sciences. Theory and Decision 14 (4):331-350.score: 42.0
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  33. J. Mouton (1988). The Methodology and Philosophy of the Social Sciences: A Selective Bibliography of Anthologies, 1950-1985. Human Sciences Research Council.score: 42.0
  34. Enrico Viola (2009). “Once Upon a Time” Philosophy of Science: Sts, Science Policy and the Semantic View of Scientific Theories. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 19 (4):465-480.score: 41.0
    Is a policy-friendly philosophy of science possible? In order to respond this question, I consider a particular instance of contemporary philosophy of science, the semantic view of scientific theories, by placing it in the broader methodological landscape of the integration of philosophy of science into STS (Science and Technology Studies) as a component of the overall contribution of the latter to science policy. In that context, I defend a multi-disciplinary methodological integration of the special discipline composing STS against (...)
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  35. Vincent Fella Hendricks, Arne Jakobsen & Stig Andur Pedersen (2000). Identification of Matrices in Science and Engineering. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 31 (2):277-305.score: 40.0
    Engineering science is a scientific discipline that from the point of view of epistemology and the philosophy of science has been somewhat neglected. When engineering science was under philosophical scrutiny it often just involved the question of whether engineering is a spin-off of pure and applied science and their methods. We, however, hold that engineering is a science governed by its own epistemology, methodology and ontology. This point is systematically argued by comparing the different sciences with respect to (...)
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  36. Geoffrey Hawthorn (1991). Plausible Worlds: Possibility and Understanding in History and the Social Sciences. Cambridge University Press.score: 40.0
    Possibilities haunt history. The force of our explanations of events turns on the alternative possibilities those explanations suggest. It is these possible worlds that give us our understanding; and in human affairs, we decide them by practical rather than theoretical judgment. In this widely acclaimed account of the role of counterfactuals in explanation, Geoffrey Hawthorn deploys extended examples to defend his argument. His conclusions cast doubt on existing assumptions about the nature and place of theory, and indeed of the possibility (...)
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  37. Mats Alvesson (2000). Reflexive Methodology: New Vistas for Qualitative Research. Sage.score: 40.0
    Reflexivity is an essential part of the research process. It provides the perspective necessary for successful interpretation of field research and the development of insightful conclusions. In their new overview of the problems of reflexivity and interpretation Alvesson and Sk[um]oldberg have provided an invaluable guide to this central aspect of research methodology. The authors review and critically discuss the major intellectual streams, and highlight their problems and possibilities in empirical work - hermeneutics, critical theory, postmodernism and poststructuralism, discourse analysis, (...)
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  38. Irving Velody & Robin Williams (eds.) (1998). The Politics of Constructionism. Sage Publications.score: 40.0
    The Politics of Constructionism presents a broadranging and critical overview of the many themes of social constructionism and its relevance to contemporary social and political issues. Clearly structured and bringing together leading international contributors from across the social sciences, it offers an invaluable may through this rich body of literature. Major questions and topics explored in its critique and application of constructionist ideas include the theory and practice of scientific method, the development of social and political policy, the (...)
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  39. Rupert J. Read (2011). Wittgenstein Among the Sciences: Wittgensteinian Investigations Into the "Scientific Method". Ashgate.score: 40.0
    Acknowledgments -- Preface -- Editor's introduction -- Wittgenstein, Kuhn, and natural science : science : a perspicuous presentation -- Kuhn : the Wittgenstein of the sciences? -- Kuhn on incommensurability : inhabiting the standard reading -- Wittgenstein on incommensurability : the view from "inside" -- Values : another kind of incommensurability? -- Does Kuhn have a model of science? -- Inter-section : a schematic elicitation of Wittgensteinian criteria -- Wittgenstein, Winch, and "human science" : social science -- The ghost (...)
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  40. Gurpreet Mahajan (1997). Explanation and Understanding in the Human Sciences. Oxford University Press.score: 40.0
    Which form of explanation is adequate for the humans sciences? Mahajan argues that social reality can be perceived in different ways--hermeneutic understanding, narrative, reason action and causal explanation--and each alters our perception of reality. A new chapter on poststructuralist and postmodern theories brings this important book up-to-date with current thinking.
     
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  41. George Steinmetz (ed.) (2005). The Politics of Method in the Human Sciences: Positivism and its Epistemological Others. Duke University Press.score: 40.0
     
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  42. Jonathan Ives & Heather Draper (2009). Appropriate Methodologies for Empirical Bioethics: It's All Relative. Bioethics 23 (4):249-258.score: 39.0
    In this article we distinguish between philosophical bioethics (PB), descriptive policy orientated bioethics (DPOB) and normative policy oriented bioethics (NPOB). We argue that finding an appropriate methodology for combining empirical data and moral theory depends on what the aims of the research endeavour are, and that, for the most part, this combination is only required for NPOB. After briefly discussing the debate around the is/ought problem, and suggesting that both sides of this debate are misunderstanding one another (...)
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  43. Alfred Tarski (1946/1995). Introduction to Logic and to the Methodology of Deductive Sciences. Dover Publications.score: 39.0
    This classic undergraduate treatment examines the deductive method in its first part and explores applications of logic and methodology in constructing mathematical theories in its second part. Exercises appear throughout.
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  44. Osmo Kivinen & Tero Piiroinen (2007). Sociologizing Metaphysics and Mind: A Pragmatist Point of View on the Methodology of the Social Sciences. [REVIEW] Human Studies 30 (2):97 - 114.score: 39.0
    There are realist philosophers and social scientists who believe in the indispensability of social ontology. However, we argue that certain pragmatist outlines for inquiry open more fruitful roads to empirical research than such ontologizing perspectives. The pragmatist conceptual tools in a Darwinian vein—concepts like action, habit, coping and community—are in a particularly stark contrast with, for instance, the Searlean and Chomskian metaphysics of human being. In particular, we bring Searle’s realist philosophy of society and mind under critical survey in this (...)
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  45. Ekaterini Kaleri (1992). Zum Methodologischen Streit Zwischen Natur- Und GeisteswissenschaftenOn the Methodological Dichotomy Between Natural Sciences and the Humanities. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 23 (2):223-239.score: 39.0
    This dichotomy is discussed. First, by means of a short historical review, two theses are pointed out: (a) Originally scientific knowledge was regarded as a hermeneutical issue. (b) The separation into two methodological and scientific cultures is rather a ‘modern’ phenomenon. It was accomplished not before the 19th century as a product of the rise and final succes of the empirist-positivist paradigm for the so-called exact (natural) sciences and the analytic methodology. Further it is argued, that this separation (...)
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  46. D. P. McCaffrey (1986). Book Reviews : Reasoned Argument in the Social Sciences: Linking Research to Policy. By Eugene Meehan. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1981. Pp. XVI + 218. $27.50 U.S. (Cloth). [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 16 (2):257-260.score: 39.0
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  47. S. W. Gaukroger (1979). Book Reviews : Philosophy and Methodology in the Social Sciences. By Barry Hndess. Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1977. Pp. 258. $17.75. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 9 (3):379-382.score: 39.0
  48. Kenneth Aizawa & Carl Gillett, Multiple Realization and Methodology in the Neurological and Psychological Sciences.score: 39.0
    The reigning picture of special sciences, what we will term the ‘received’ view, grew out of the work of writers, such as Jerry Fodor, William Wimsatt, and Philip Kitcher, who overturned the Positivist’s jaundiced view of these disciplines by looking at real cases from the biological sciences, linguistics, psychology, and economics, amongst other areas.1 Central to the received view is the ontological claim that the ‘multiple realization’ of properties is widespread in the special sciences which we may (...)
     
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  49. T. E. Huff (1982). On the Methodology of the Social Sciences: A Review Essay Part III. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 12 (2):205-219.score: 39.0
  50. T. E. Huff (1982). On the Methodology of the Social Sciences: A Review Essay Part II. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 12 (1):81-94.score: 39.0
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